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16th to 17th Century German Broadsword Blade With three central fullers and armourer's mark of twin faced crescent moons, and hilt mounting tang. An identical blade, likely by the same maker, appears in "European Swords and Daggers in the Tower of London" By Arthur Richard Dufty, Master of the Armouries [pub'ld 1974]. Photographed mounted on a sword shown on plate 13c, described as "A German Hand and a Half Sword, second half of the 16th century", that sword's blade bears the same crescent moon armourer's marks, blade noted as likely added to hilt. Ideal for either a collector's of old blades, or for mounting with a separated hilt, or for a historian who would like to own a blade similar to one in the Royal Collection in the Tower of London. Comparatively little is known about many European makers of arms and armour. The names of a few fourteenth-century armourers have come down to us, but substantial documentation begins only in the fifteenth century. The same holds true for the manufacture of sword blades, staff weapons, bows and crossbows, firearms, and ordnance (cannon founding), where famous names rarely appear before the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. The modern concept of the individual artist begins to emerge only from the late fourteenth century onward, which may explain why, in the manufacture of arms and armour, cities and regions of origin often take precedence over the craftsman/artist. The names of Passau and Solingen were synonymous with sword blades: the famous Passau "trademark"—a running wolf incised on the blade—signified such exceptional quality, that during the fifteenth century, Solingen blade smiths began to copy the mark and apply it to their own blades. Several makers utilised the same mark, and the crescent moon and it's variations being another. Blade including tang 38 inches long, tang 3.4 inches long. Just a little surface pitting on the last eight inches of the tip on one side. Width of blade before the tang 1.75 inches. Excellent tempered tension to the blade.
1796 Heavy Cavalry Officers Sword, Broadsword Blade, Steel Combat Scabbard With it's original, very rarely surviving Georgian officer knot of soft fringed braid like tassels of silk and gold thread. Also one of it's original leather belt straps. A very good example of these most desirable of Georgian Swords used by an Officer in the Heavy Cavalry [with a combination, dress hilt and combat broadsword blade and original combat scabbard]. Traditional 'Boat Shaped hilt' in very good order, wood ribbed grip, broadsword blade with some traces of engraving, Used by an officer of the British Heavy cavalry. Most unusually the boat guard is mounted inverted. The Heavy Cavalry were seperated into two brigades at Waterloo. The 1st Brigade, known as the Household Brigade, commanded by Major-General Edward Somerset (Lord Somerset), consisted of guards regiments: the 1st and 2nd Life Guards, the Royal Horse Guards (the Blues), and the 1st 'King's' Dragoon Guards The 2nd Brigade, also known as the Union Brigade, commanded by Major-General Sir William Ponsonby, was so called as it consisted of an English (1st, 'The Royals'), a Scottish (2nd, 'Scots Greys'), and an Irish (6th, 'Inniskilling') regiment of heavy dragoons. More than 20 years of warfare had eroded the numbers of suitable cavalry mounts available on the European continent; this resulted in the British heavy cavalry entering the 1815 campaign with the finest horses of any contemporary cavalry arm. They also received excellent mounted swordsmanship training. The two brigades had a combined field strength of about 2,000 (2,651 official strength), and they charged with the 47-year-old Uxbridge leading them and little reserve Scots Greys Regt. The Scots Greys, as part of the Union Brigade [so called as it was made up of a regiment of Heavy Cavalry from each part of Britain] were some of the finest heavy Cavalry in Europe and certainly one of the most feared. A quote of Napoleon of the charge at the Battle of Waterloo goes; "Ces terribles chevaux gris! Comme il travaillent!" (Those terrible grey horses, how they strive!) At approximately 1:30 pm, the second phase of the Battle of Waterloo opened. Napoleon launched D'Erlon's corps against the allied centre left. After being stopped by Picton's Peninsular War veterans, D'Erlon's troops came under attack from the side by the heavy cavalry commanded by Earl of Uxbridge including Major General Sir William Ponsonby's Scots Greys. The shocked ranks of the French columns surrendered in their thousands. During the charge Sergeant Ewart, of the Greys, captured the eagle of the French 45th Ligne. The Greys charged too far and, having spiked some of the French cannon, came under counter-attack from enemy cavalry. Ponsonby, who had chosen to ride one of his less expensive mounts, was ridden down and killed by enemy lancers. The Scots Greys' casualties included: 102 killed; 97 wounded; and the loss of 228 of the 416 horses that started the charge. This engagement also gave the Scots Greys their cap badge, the eagle itself. The eagle is displayed in the Royal Scots Dragoon Guards museum in Edinburgh Castle. The British Heavy Cavalry, during the Peninsular War and at Waterloo it fought with incredible distinction and exemplary bravery, and saw some of the most incredible and courageous combat. Fighting the elite French Curassiers and Carabiniers of Napoleons Imperial Guard was no mean feat, for at the time the French Cavalry was some of the most formidable in the world, and at their very peak. Never again was the French Cavalry to be as respected and feared as it was during the great Napoleonic era. Some of the battles this may also have been used at were; [during 1808-14] The Peninsular Campaign, including, Salamanca , Toulouse, Albuera Talavera, Pyrenees then from 1814: La Rothiere, Rosnay, Champaubert, Vauchamps, Athies, La Fere-Champenoise and Paris 1815: and Quatre-Bras. The last photo in the gallery is of Lady Butler's painting, the Charge of the Scots Greys at Waterloo. One of the heavy cavalry regiments whose officers used this form of sword. [For information only not included]
1796 Infantry Sword of James Hilton, the 48th Foot, the Heroes of Talavera with photos of his Memoriam Card and medal [lacking two bars]. A sword that belonged to a man who served in the 48th foot, the Northamptonshire Regt. His name is inscribed on the folded guard of the gilt bronze hilt. It has a very good silver grip and typical blade. We have polished the silver grip but left the gilded hilt exactly as it is to show it's untouched authenticity. We show photos before and after polishing the silver grip. The memoriam card is a copy as is a photograph of his medal. These photographic copies are included with the sword [not the originals]. A Classic, Ornate, Sculpted Victorian "In Memoriam" Card documenting the Distinguished Military Career of James Hilton of Lancashire, England. Hilton fought with Wellington through the entire Peninsula War Campaign and earned the shown Victoria Medal with the following campaign bars: TALAVERA, ALBUERA, CUIDAD RODRIGO, BADAJOZ, SALAMANCA, BUSACO, VITTORIA, PYRENNES, NIVELLE, ORTHES AND TOULOUSE.'This ode was written by J W Croker for the 48th after their heroism at Talavera ' "Now from the summit, at his call, A gallant legion firm and slow Advances on victorious Gaul; Undaunted, tho' their leader's low! Fixed, as the high and buttressed mound, That guards some leaguered city round, They stand unmoved --" Last picture in the gallery of a watercolour of a soldier of the 48th at Talavera. Although this sword was made circa 1796 they were continually used by officer's and their heirs right up to and including the Crimean War. There are several 1796 infantry swords in regimental museums, that were last used in the Crimean War. One must presume they represent an ancestral sword used by two or more generations as much laxity was permitted to officers in the army in Victorian times, with 'uniform tailor's regulations' often no more than a suggestion of custom and practice. We have seen a photo of RN officers on board ship at the Crimea with almost every single officer wearing a different uniform and cap, many quite obscure in their form, and few of regulation pattern. However, we also currently have a sword used by an officer who was in service in the navy for over 68 years. A 70 year service veteran officer was not unheard of in the 19th century, and no necessity of the change in sword use was required.
1842 Swiss Sharpshooters Sword Wooden grip with six brass rivets. Single edged blade made by Horster of Solingen. Carried by the Swiss Infantry sharpshooters.
1845 British Sword Presented By General Power to J.P Boyd of the 63rd Regiment. Made by Wilkinson Sword Co. Mercurial gilt hilt in all brass scabbard. Deluxe presentation blade with Queen Victoria's cypher, full embellishment of scrolls and crowns, and a charming presentation inscription, within the etching, from General Power to his Godson, Lt Boyd of the 63rd Foot. This sword has just returned from two days in the cleaning workshop. Ensign Boyd served in the Crimean War at Sevastopol upon joining his initial regiment the 38th Foot the Staffordshire Regt. After a few years in 1859 he transferred to the 63rd Foot the Suffolk Regt, as a Lieutenant, and served in Canada. With his godfather [in 1862-1863], Boyd was based in Canada, and General Power was there as part of British contingent involved in the the “Trent Affair”. This was a situation, based in part in Canada, concerning two Confederate diplomats captured by USS San Jacinto from British mail packet RMS Trent on their journey to London. Their intended task was to influence Britain to recognise the Confederacy as a separate state during the war. An intolerable point of view from President Lincoln's perspective. Positions in Canada were put in place by the British, with the assistance of General Power, just in case Britain declared war on the northern States in the Civil War, or Lincoln declared war on the Empire. A state that Lincoln was anxious to avoid at all costs. Later, around this time, Boyd joined the Royal Canadian Rifles. The story of General Power. General Sir William Tyrone Power of Co. Managhan Ireland. served in China in 1943 and the Expeditionary Force at Amoy and Chusan. In New Zealand in 1846-7. In the Kaffir War in 1851-3. In The Crimean War 1854 -55 at Alma, Inkerman and Sebastopol.. At the taking of Kinbourn, gaining further medals, and the attack and capture of Canton 1857-8. And in the Trent Affair in Canada 1862-63. A highly decorated general born, raised and married in Ireland, and, after serving his Queen and Country for several decades with distinction, died, aged 92. The story of Ensign Boyd's 63rd regiment at Sebastopol. The siege of Sebastopol was to continue as grimly as before Inkerman with the troops suffering in the harsh winter conditions. On the 21st December the Russians made another sortie attacking a detachment of the 50th (West Kent) Regiment. Two companies of the 38th were sent to reinforce them launching a charge at the Russian forces driving them back and inflicting considerable losses on them. For this action a Lieutenant Gordon of the 38th was mention in Lord Raglan dispatches and promoted being transferred to the Coldstream Guards. Four soldiers of the 38th were killed during the fight. After this action there was little fighting during the winter of 1854-55 but the Regiment was kept busy repairing outposts and trenches. Conditions for the men improved little and disease killed far more than the actual fighting. A shortage of British troops meant they could not spare any for a major offensive against the Russians. The French however kept up pressure on the enemy, which although not always successful, inflicted heavy casualties upon them. One such attack included the assault on the fort at Redan and the 38th were to take part in a diversionary action to the left of the fort. The 5th Brigade, of which the 38th was part, captured the cemetery and occupied some of the suburbs of Sevastopol. Despite this the main French attack on the fort got pinned down so Raglan ordered British forces to directly attack Redan itself. It was during this attack that the former Colonel of the 38th, Brigadier Sir John Campbell, was killed. Lieutenant-Colonel Louth fought fiercely but was wounded in the head. Louth was removed to a house where his wounds were dressed only to be wounded again by an enemy shell which killed another officer, a corporal and wounded 4 others. Being invalided home Louth was to die shortly after reaching Portsmouth. The siege was to continue but on the 2nd Aril 1856 the Russians signed a peace treaty. For its actions during the Siege the 38th was awarded the Battle Honour “Sevastopol”. Awards and Casualties The men of the 38th Regiment of Foot received the Crimea Medal with many being entitled to the three clasps “Alma”, “Inkerman” and “Sebastopol”. However about 40 were present at Balaclava and so also received the clasp “Balaklava”. Although no Victoria Crosses were won by the Regiment for the Crimea some 15 Distinguished Conduct Medals were awarded to other ranks. Sparks was made CB while a number of officers received French or Turkish awards. A total of 3 officers and 43 other ranks were killed in action and 217 wounded. Another 2 officers and 486 men died of various reasons during the campaign while a further 23 officers and 260 men were invalided home. Nine men were captured by the enemy and 8 were convicted of being deserters. The Regiment left Balaclava for England on the 26th June 1856 on HMS Caser with a total strength of 850, less than half its original strength. The sword is most attractive and now restored to it's former beauty and considerable glory. The scabbard does have various areas of denting. A point of interest is as follows;The British and American Steam Navigation Company, was a pre-Cunard steamship line whose second vessel, the President, sank in 1841. On board was General William Power’s father. Family legend is that he had the title deeds in his possession for the land on which Madison Square Gardens now sits.
1888 Pattern Lee Metford Boer War Bayonet MkI, Type 2 Type 2With scarce non regulation scabbard.2 Rivet hilt. With scabbard. Good condition for age all usual British acceptance marks
18th Century Moghal Sword, of the Battle of Plassey 1757 Apparently, through family legend, captured at the Battle of Plassey by a British Officer, and bought back as a war souvenir. The Battle of Plassey was an East India Company victory over the Nawab of Bengal and his French allies, establishing Company rule in India and British rule over much of South Asia for the next 190 years. The battle took place on 23 June 1757 at Palashi, West Bengal, on the riverbanks of the Bhagirathi River, about 150 km north of Calcutta, near Murshidabad, then the capital of the Nawab of Bengal. The opponents were Siraj Ud Daulah, the last independent Nawab of Bengal, and the British East India Company. The battle was waged during the Seven Years' War (1756–1763) and in a mirror of their European rivalry the French East India Company sent a small contingent to fight against the British East India Company. Overall russet finish with feint traces of gold decoration on the slightly loose hilt. Small picture in the gallery shows Robert Clive after the victory at Plassey. [Picture for historical information and context only, not included].
18th Century, Very Rare Reservoir -Butt Air Gun circa 1785, Likely German. As far back as 250BC, Pharaoh Ktesbias II of Egypt, first described the use of compressed air to propel a projectile. Modern air gun history began in the 15th century. These weapons were known as wind chambers and were designed using an air reservoir connected to a cannon barrel. These devices were capable of propelling a four pound lead ball over a distance of 500 yards, and able to penetrate 3 inch oak board. These weapons rivaled the power of gun powder based firearms of that time and came into use in the Napoleonic wars in the late 17th and early 18th centuries. Due to the fact that high powered air guns were both silent and deadly, they were feared by many, Nobility tired to keep these air guns out of the hands of commoners Air guns even saw much combat in battle, an Austrian Army used a air rifle designed by Grandoni in 1779 that shot 20 rounds of .44 cal. bullets at speeds as high as 1,000 feet per second. They fought well against Napoleon's Army and even though the Austrian Army was out numbered and lost the battle, the Austrian's armed with air guns demoralized Napoleon's Army and they suffered had a great number of casualties. Air guns were so feared by Napoleon's Army that any enemy soldier captured with a air rifle was executed as an assassin. One important reason Napoleon was so upset about air guns was because there was no cloud of smoke upon firing which would allow the sniper to be pin-pointed and killed. One of the most famous air guns in history is the .36 caliber air gun that Lewis and Clark took along with them on their expedition of 1804-06. They took it along for hunting, just in case the black powder got wet and also used it to impress the Indians, the Indians call this air rifle, "The smokeless thunder stick.". In overall very fine condition. The round, smoothbore, appox .44 calibre, sighted, steel barrel with smooth untouched surfaces, fine bore with front site.. Exposed cocking "hammer" with an external mechanism and sculpted mainspring: matching, smooth, blued surfaces and in functional order. Complete with its original air release lever. Leather wrapped, conical, hollow, steel butt stock/air reservoir. Matching mechanism with all of its original components, a strong mainspring and air release valve. Very fine stock A very nice and complete example of a rare late 18th century German or Austrian Reservoir-Butt Air Rifle. Overall length, 55". As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
19th century Italian Artillery Sabre by Schnitzler and Kirshbaum Modelled on the British 1788 pattern, a good example of these early Italian Cavalry Sabres. Marked S&K at the Forte. Langets missing, with steel combat scabbard.
A 'Wild West' Sharps of Philadelphia 4 Barrel Derringer These guns were made from about 1860 to 1872 in Philadelphia and this specimen is in remarkable condition for being made around 1868. This is a nice example of a Sharps Pepperbox in caliber .30 Rimfire still showing a good amount of original finish. This Derringer has a brass frame, blued and fluted 3" barrels, and wooden grips with a squared frame juncture. Serial number on the bottomstrap is in the 19,000 range. The right side of the frame is marked in a circular pattern "C.SHARPS & CO. PHILADA. PA." while the left side is marked "C SHARPS PATENT 1859". This was a fascinating design that incorporated a rotating firing pin that turned 90 degrees over to the next barrel each time the hammer was cocked. The firing pin rotates on a small cylinder at the face of the hammer. A hand pushes a series of cams on the back of the cylinder to turn the pin...much the same way a revolver cylinder is turned by a similar mechanism.The Derringer pistol that we have here evolved from the name of a small calibre pistol used to assasinate Abraham Lincoln, from that time on, all small calibre concealable pistols have been called or utilised the name Derringer. In the century and a half since it happened, populist history has largely boiled down the assassination of Abraham Lincoln to the story of a single perpetrator: John Wilkes Booth. Four of the eight convicted for participating in the conspiracy to assassinate Lincoln in April of 1865 died on the gallows three months later. But in his appearance at the Camden County Historical Society, Lincoln scholar Hugh Boyle made clear that the real story is a sprawling epic. It involves a gang of Confederate operatives and sympathizers that first plotted to kidnap the President and, when that failed, decided to murder not only him, but the Vice President and Secretary of State as well. Their goal was to decapitate and destabilize the federal government in hopes of forcing a settlement to the war that would avoid the South's total defeat. In the end, they managed to kill Lincoln and seriously injure Secretary of State William Seward. By 1865, the South was a vast swath of utter destruction. It was a time of massive upheaval, great danger and high emotion for the South, so the idea that someone might be thinking about attacking the President or other high government officials was not a crazy one in the atmosphere of the times." The frustrations and angst of the Southern cause came to a boil in April of 1865. Its capital, Richmond, Va. -- now a burned out hulk of a city -- was captured and occupied by Ulysses S. Grant's forces on April 3. Six days later, Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia surrendered and was disarmed at Appomattox. Three days after that -- April 11 -- President Lincoln, standing in a second-story window of the White House, spoke to a huge crowd in a city gone wild in celebration of the Appomattox surrender. But among those listening in that crowd were John Wilkes Booth and 21-year-old Lewis Thornton Powell. John Wilkes Booth, one of America's most famous actors of the time, and Lewis Thornton Powell were enraged by the President's White House speech on April 11. Three days later, Booth killed Lincoln in Ford's Theater while Powell tried to kill Secretary of State William Seward in his home. Booth was one of the country's most famous actors and an ardent supporter of the Confederacy. His young companion, Powell, was a Confederate army veteran and a second cousin of Confederate general John B. Gordon The gang leader -- 27-year-old John Wilkes Booth -- was tracked down and shot to death by Union soldiers in Virginia. Eight others were convicted of being conspirators with Booth. Four were sentenced to death and hung, including the first woman ever executed by the U.S. government. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A 12th to 15th Century Medieval Bearded Side Axe An iron long bearded axe with an off set blade. A good axe suitable for combat and craft. Since the days of the Roman Legionaries, soldiers were both warriors and builders. The Romans trained their soldiers not only for combat, but for engineering and fort building, for the times of combat may be few, but the times of construction were many. Forts, roads, defenses, siege engines and drain construction were all part of a Legionary's skills, and although the armies of ancient Rome died centuries before, the lessons for future warriors lived on. A medieval foot soldier would be simply armed, with a weapon that may have had many functions, and the axe was the most effective of them all. This side axe would have been incredibly effective in the hands of a trained exponant of the battle axe, but, it would have been just as effective for aiding the construction of forts, battlements, boats or engines of war. Affixed to a later haft. 13cm blade 13cm wide.
A 13th Century Battle Axe with Viking Style Crescentric Broad Blade A large Medieval two handed broad axe adapted from the earlier Viking Briedox [ broad axe], as used by the Anglo-Danish Huscarls at the Battle of Hastings, whose blades were up to 12 inches across, or even bigger. This is a superb example, on a later hardwood haft. This fine axe is from the time of King Henry III and The Battle of Lewes, which was one of two main battles of the conflict known as the Second Barons' War. It took place at Lewes in Sussex, on May 14, 1264. It marked the high point of the career of Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester and made him for a while the "uncrowned King of England", until his defeat and death, at the Battle of Evesham in 1265, at the hands of Edward Longshanks, King Henry's son, who became King Edward I. As a point of local interest the famous battle took place only around 10 miles from The Lanes Armoury, and our farm [ Sifelle, which was once part of King Harold's personal estate in Sussex] is just three miles north east of the battle site. Three pictures in the gallery show a broad axe being used in the Bayeaux Tapestry [depicting King Harold's and King William's Battle of Hastings], a foot soldier leaning on his broad axe, and a map of the Battle of Lewes [these are for information and interest only and not included]. A very similar axe to this one appears in the London Museum catalogue of 1940. Full length 59 1/2 inches, blade 11 3/4 inches across [front to back]
A 13th Century European Axe of Unusual Beard Form Used from circa the late 13th century to 14th century. Derived from the original Viking bearded axe form. Used at the time and era of the first War of Scottish Independence under Sir William Wallace against King Edward Ist [also known as Edward Longshanks] and during the period of the later battles with Robert The Bruce, and continually on during the Crusades era. This axe was most likely most effective [if or when used in battle] for foot use, but it could easily have been just as useful as a horsemounted small axe. It's design has a very unusual bottom section, with a curve. This is either a break, that was reformed, or it was designed as such, but we can't really decide which. The story of axes in warfare; An axe was famously used by the Scottish King Robert Bruce. The axe that he brought down onto the head of Sir Henry de Bohun, at Bannonckburn in 1313, cleaving it clean in two.If designed as such it is a scarce example, and there are no exactly similar examples [that we know of] in the London Museum Catalogue of 1940. There were several forms of axes that were favoured in combat in that era. The foot soldier's axe could be tall and substantial yet ideally not too heavy as to be unweildy, and yet highly effective for bringing down a knight on horseback. A belt axe like this example, smaller and for close quarter action or throwing. The horse-mounted axe was also smaller like this, with a shorter haft, yet must still have the power and cutting abilities to cleave through a Knights Great Helm or chain mail alike. That is the form that this axe takes. Some horse-mounted axes might also had a rear mounted spike, but the single blade was likely most effective, as the rotating action required for the knight to change his hand held position from spike to blade might leave one exposed for a vital second or two. This axe form was also used well into the Crusades era and is depicted in many early illuminated manuscripts of the time, showing them in use in many forms, in the great battles and seiges of the Holy Land by the Crusader Knights. All axes at that time also doubled as working tools, when appropriate, for iron was a hugely valuable commodity [long before the Industrial Revolution] and extremely costly to make. A soldier's axe, in time of peace, would, and did, make an eminently suitable woodworking axe, thus making the axe a unique and most valuable universally useful item during pre, and later Medeavil, Europe. Of course many soldiers were simply peasants outside of war time, and their return the land, or to manual craftwork meant their axe of war, became an axe of toil. Appox 0.5 kilo
A 13th Century Iron Head Battle Mace Pineapple shaped head with large mounting hole. The type as were also used as a Flail Mace, with the centre mount being filled with lead and a chain mounted hook, when it was not mounted on a haft, as this mace is. Flattened pyramidical protuberances, possibly English. Made for a mounted Knight to use as an Armour and Helmet Crusher in mortal combat. It would have been used up to the 15th to 16th century. On a Flail it had the name of a Scorpion in England or France, or sometimes a Battle-Whip. It was also wryly known as a 'Holy Water Sprinkler'. King John The Ist of Bohemia used exactly such a weapon, as he was blind, and the act of 'Flailing the Mace' meant lack of site was no huge disadvantage in close combat. Although blind he was a valiant and the bravest of the Warrior Kings, who perished at the Battle of Crecy against the English in 1346. On the day he was slain he instructed his Knights [both friends and companions] to lead him to the very centre of battle, so he may strike at least one blow against his enemies. His Knights tied their horses to his, so the King would not be separated from them in the press, and they rode together into the thick of battle, where King John managed to strike not one but at least four noble blows. The following day of the battle, the horses and the fallen knights were found all about the body of their most noble King, all still tied to his steed. Fitted on a late wooden haft, approx. 2.5 inch head.
A 13th Century, Knight's Iron Battle Mace Head Pineapple shaped head with large mounting hole. The type as were also used as a Flail Mace, with the centre mount being filled with lead and a chain mounted hook, when it was not mounted on a haft, as this mace is. Flattened pyramidical protuberances, possibly English or East European. Made for a mounted Knight to use as an Armour and Helmet Crusher in mortal combat. It would have been used up to the 15th to 16th century. On a Flail it had the name of a Scorpion in England or France, or sometimes a Battle-Whip. It was also wryly known as a 'Holy Water Sprinkler'. King John The Ist of Bohemia used exactly such a weapon, as he was blind, and the act of 'Flailing the Mace' meant that his lack of site was no huge disadvantage in close combat. Although blind he was a valiant and the bravest of the Warrior Kings, who perished at the Battle of Crecy against the English in 1346. On the day he was slain he instructed his Knights [both friends and companions] to lead him to the very centre of battle, so he may strike at least one blow against his enemies. His Knights tied their horses to his, so the King would not be separated from them in the press, and they rode together into the thick of battle, where King John managed to strike not one but at least four noble blows. The following day of the battle, the horses and the fallen knights were found all about the body of their most noble King, all still tied to his steed.
A 13th to14th Century Short Bearded Axe. Mounted As A Horseman's axe In excavated condition but very sound indeed, with a proud 'hammer' rear section, ideal for helmet breaking, or for an aid to wood splitting. The beauty of such axes is their incredible flexibility for use, either in combat, or, as a utility axe. Likely of Germanic Eastern European origin. An axe that could be most effectively used for splitting and smashing mail and armour while on horseback. This axe was made and used in the Crusades period, during the time and area of influence of the Teutonic Order. The Livonian Teutonic Knights were a German religious and military order originally founded during the siege of Acre in the Third Crusade and modeled after the Knights Templars and Hospitalers, the Teutonic Knights moved to eastern Europe early in the 13th century. There, under their grand master, Hermann von Salza, they became powerful and prominent. In 1198, the Teutonic Order started the Livonian Crusade. Despite numerous setbacks and rebellions, by 1290, Livonians, Latgalians, Selonians, Estonians (including Oeselians), Curonians and Semigallians had been all gradually subjugated. Denmark and Sweden also participated in fight against Estonians. In 1229, responding to an appeal from the Duke of Poland, they began a crusade against the pagan Slavs of Prussia. They became sovereigns over lands they conquered over the next century. In a series of campaigns, the Teutonic Knights gained control over the whole Baltic coast, founding numerous towns and fortresses and establishing Christianity. The Teutonic Order's attempts to conquer Orthodox Russia (particularly the Republics of Pskov and Novgorod), an enterprise endorsed by Pope Gregory IX, can also be considered as a part of the Northern Crusades. One of the major blows for the idea of the conquest of Russia was the Battle of the Ice in 1242. With or without the Pope's blessing, Sweden also undertook several crusades against Orthodox Novgorod. Old, replaced, wood haft. A most effective battle axe if and when used for that purpose. In the gallery there is an early, original illustration, from an early manuscript. It shows a Saxon coerl, [or churl] a non-servile peasant or common person, who is in combat against a warrior in mail armour, with his axe. This is a perfect example of illustrating how a weapon of this form, can, in one instance, be deemed an implement of battle and combat, then, in the next, to return to it's function as tool of toil [once the coerl returns to his labours, should he survive the battle of course]. This is why the axe is such wonderful implement of history, simply due to it's flexibility of use. During it's entire working life it has a useful function for every single occurrence that it's use is needed, albeit in peace or war. Handled and carried, either by a peasant warrior, horseman, knight, or freeman. And if lost on a battlefield, when recovered centuries later, it is still, in it's most part, complete, due to it's robust and powerful nature of construction. So often, when a sword or dagger of the same early era is recovered, there is so little left it may be barely a shadow of it's former self.
A 15th Century German Dagger With single edge and armour piercing reinforced tip. A rare piece from the period of the Battle of Agincourt. In battlefield recovery condition.
A 1756 Pattern Light Dragoon Flintlock Pistol Of the Napoleonic Wars With a very good stock with excellent patina. Good tight action. Ring neck cock flintlock signed Barnett, with some pitting to lock plate, steel barrel with old pitting overall. Steel ramrod and good original brass furniture. The light dragoon pistol was the result of a need for a smaller lighter cavalry sidearm than the longer. Heavy Dragoon Pattern which had seen service throughout the Seven Year War. The Elliott Pattern saw service through the American War of Independence and into the Napoleonic Wars. Its short 9” barrel made it a light and extremely maneuverable weapon in .62 cal. smoothbore fitted with brass furniture throughout, it has much simpler lines than its predecessor. Lacking the raised carving around the trigger guard and lock, and also lacking a ramrod entry pipe, it was easier, faster to produce. One of the conclusions from battle experiences during the Seven Years War was the necessity of a pattern of pistol specifically for the Light Dragoon Regiments of the British Army. Introduced in the 1760s, the Light Dragoon pistol graced of holsters of the brave troopers of the 16th and 17th Light Dragoons along with American mounted units loyal to the crown. The latter included the King's American Dragoons, Tarleton's famous British Legion, along with the Hussars and Light Dragoons of the Queen's Rangers. Both the British Legion and the Queen's Rangers skirmished with the France's Lauzun Legion of Hussars during the Yorktown Campaign. After the American Revolution, this pistol continued to be used by Light Dragoons into the Napoleonic Wars. It was very slightly improved over the decades of it service with the earlier examples having a slightly banana shaped lock with swan neck cock, the later ones like this example having a straighter lock and a ring neck cock. This pistol was an arm that would have seen interesting service as the faithful sidearm to a British light dragoon/hussar trooper.The pistol was named after George Augustus Eliott, a man of renown efficiency. Scottish born in 1717, he rose through the ranks to become Aide-de-Camp to King George II by 1756. In 1759, he raised and commanded the 1st Light Horse and thus began the concept of Light Dragoons in the British Army. At the time, commanders of irregular forces could outfit the men as they chose, and Elliot went about designing improved weapons and equipment for his Troop of Horse. His legacy is the Elliot Light Dragoon Pistol, the Elliot Light Dragoon Carbine, and the Elliot Light Dragoon Saddle. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A 1756 Pattern Tower Of London, British Elliot Light Dragoon Pistol This is a truly superb example, with signs of combat use naturally, but in singularly good order with an exceptional patina, that can only accumulate through the passing centuries. This is a most rare version, of a very scarcely seen pistol, as this particular flintlock has the early land pattern type furniture, such as the elongated sideplate with ear extention, only usually seen on the old British heavy dragoon pistol that preceeeded it. This may well have been one of the earliest pistols used in the Americas, during the American Revolution period. Various surviving examples of American domestic dragoon pistols, such as in the Smithsonian [and similar elite collections] have such similar pattern furniture. The story of how the pistol pattern came about, and thus acquired it's name, is as follows; George Augustus Eliott was a man of renown efficiency. Scottish born in 1717, he rose through the ranks to become Aide-de-Camp to King George II by 1756. In 1759, he raised and commanded the 1st Light Horse and thus began the concept of Light Dragoons in the British Army. At the time, commanders of irregular forces could outfit the men as they chose, and Elliot went about designing improved weapons and equipment for his Troop of Horse. His legacy is the Elliot Light Dragoon Pistol, the Elliot Light Dragoon Carbine, and the Elliot Light Dragoon Saddle. The light dragoon pistol was the result of a need for a smaller lighter cavalry sidearm than the longer. Heavy Dragoon Pattern which had seen service throughout the Seven Year War. The Elliott Pattern saw service through the American War of Independence and into the Napoleonic Wars. Its short 9” barrel made it a light and extremely maneuverable weapon. Available in .62 cal. Smoothbore Fitted with brass furniture throughout it has much simpler lines than its predecessor. Lacking the raised carving around the trigger guard and lock, and also lacking a ramrod entry pipe, it was easier, faster to produce. One of the conclusions from battle experiences during the Seven Years War was the necessity of a pattern of pistol specifically for the Light Dragoon Regiments of the British Army. Introduced in the 1760s, the Light Dragoon pistol graced of holsters of the brave troopers of the 16th and 17th Light Dragoons along with American mounted units loyal to the crown. The latter included the King's American Dragoons, Tarleton's famous British Legion, along with the Hussars and Light Dragoons of the Queen's Rangers. Both the British Legion and the Queen's Rangers skirmished with the France's Lauzun Legion of Hussars during the Yorktown Campaign. After the American Revolution, this pistol continued to be used by Light Dragoons into the Napoleonic Wars. It was very slightly improved over the decades of it service with the earlier examples having a slightly banana shaped lock with swan neck cock, the later ones having a straighter lined lock and a ring neck cock. It was however, slowly fazed out after the Napoleonic Wars as the introduction of the New Land Pattern [with it's captive ramrod system] took hold. This pistol was a frontline issue arm that would have seen incredible service as the faithful sidearm to a British light dragoon/hussar trooper, over very likely four decades or more. This pistol requires attention to the ramrod and pipe which we are attending to.
A 1767 to the Revolutionary War Period, French Grenadier of Infantry Sword With brass hilt and steel blade. The hilt has a loss of quillon and half langet. A scarce sword from a most turbulent era of French history. Used from the era of France's alliance to America in the Revolutionary War of 1777, right through the French Revolution 1792. There are several such swords in Smithsonian in America. French participation in North America was initially maritime in nature and marked by some indecision on the part of its military leaders. In 1778 American and French planners organized an attempt to capture Newport, Rhode Island, then under British occupation. The attempt failed, in part because Admiral d'Estaing did not land French troops prior to sailing out of Narragansett Bay to meet the British fleet, and then sailed for Boston after his fleet was damaged in a storm. In 1779, d'Estaing again led his fleet to North America for joint operations, this time against British-held Savannah, Georgia. About 3,000 French joined with 2,000 Americans in the Siege of Savannah, in which a naval bombardment was unsuccessful, and then an attempted assault of the entrenched British position was repulsed with heavy losses. Support became more notable when in 1780; 6,000 soldiers led by Rochambeau were landed at Newport, abandoned in 1779 by the British, and they established a naval base there. Rochambeau and Washington met at Wethersfield, Connecticut in May 1781 to discuss their options. Washington wanted to drive the British from New York City, and the British force in Virginia, led first by turncoat Benedict Arnold, then by Brigadier William Phillips, and eventually by Charles Cornwallis, was also seen as a potent threat that could be fought with naval assistance. These two options were dispatched to the Caribbean along with the requested pilots; Rochambeau, in a separate letter, urged de Grasse to come to the Chesapeake Bay for operations in Virginia. Following the Wethersfield conference, Rochambeau moved his army to White Plains, New York and placed his command under Washington. De Grasse received these letters in July, at roughly the same time Cornwallis was preparing to occupy Yorktown, Virginia. De Grasse concurred with Rochambeau, and sent back a dispatch indicating that he would reach the Chesapeake at the end of August, but that agreements with the Spanish meant he could only stay until mid-October. The arrival of his dispatches prompted the Franco-American army to begin a march for Virginia. De Grasse reached the Chesapeake as planned, and disembarked troops to assist Lafayette's army in the blockade of Cornwallis. The arrival of a British fleet sent to dispute de Grasse's control of the Chesapeake was defeated on September 5 at the Battle of the Chesapeake, and the Newport fleet delivered the French siege train to complete the allied military arrival. The Siege of Yorktown and following surrender by Cornwallis on October 19 were decisive in ending major hostilities in North America.Starting with the Siege of Yorktown, Benjamin Franklin never informed France of the secret negotiations that took place directly between Britain and the United States. Britain relinquished her rule over the Thirteen Colonies and granted them all the land south of the Great Lakes and east of the Mississippi River. However, since France was not included in the American-British peace discussions, the alliance between France and the colonies was broken. Thus the influence of France and Spain in future negotiations was limited. Last photo in the gallery is of the depiction of the Second Battle of the Virginia Capes (Battle of the Chesapeake).
A 1770's Brass Hilted Boy's or Midshipman's Sword An interesting boy's or midshipman's sword from the period of the American revolutionary war. Cast brass rococo hilt, with shell guard and knuckle bow. Overall length 36 inches. Good condition. There is a picture in the gallery by Thomas Rowlandson of a similar sword worn by a young boy officer [midshipman] of the Royal Navy in the 18th century. In the 18th century there were no regualtions for sword patterns, so a sword such as this would have been perfect and worn by a young junior naval officer. The rank of midshipman originated during the Tudor and Stuart eras, and originally referred to a post for an experienced seaman promoted from the ordinary deck hands, who worked in between the main and mizzen masts and had more responsibility than an ordinary seaman, but was not a military officer or an officer in training. The first published use of the term midshipman was in 1662. The word derives from an area aboard a ship, amidships, but it refers either to the location where midshipmen worked on the ship, or the location where midshipmen were berthed. By the 18th century, four types of midshipman existed: midshipman (original rating), midshipman extraordinary, midshipman (apprentice officer), and midshipman ordinary. Some midshipmen were older men, and while most were officer candidates who failed to pass the lieutenant examination or were passed over for promotion, some members of the original rating served, as late as 1822, alongside apprentice officers without themselves aspiring to a commission. By 1794, all midshipmen were considered officer candidates. The everage age of entry in the 18th century was 12, but some of younger age were certainly known of.
A 1790 British Naval Officer's Sword, With a Fine Gilt and Ivory Hilt Good steel blade. In lovely condition, with 90% of it's original gilt remaining to the hilt, and superb fluted ivory. The form of sword was used by officer's of marines and navy during the Battle of The Nile, against Napoleon's forces in the Egyptian campaign. A most successful conflict for Britain, fought by Admiral Nelson against the French fleet, and it's infantry forces, including the Egyptian Mamlukes, commanded by Admiral François-Paul Brueys d'Aigailliers.
A 1796 British Flank Company Officer's Sabre. With Copper Gilt Hilt A most attractive sword based on the 1796 Light Dragoon sbare but slightly shorter for the benefit of an officer that fought on foot. The hilt is beautifully engraved with Union flag shield nd stands of arms, the lion's head pommel and wire bound fishskin grip. The blade has fine engraving with royal cyphers and crest of the king. There is a lot of dark blue remaining and gilt within the engraving. Old repair to the knucklebow.
A 1796 Volunteer Light Dragoon Sword With brass P hilt, ribbed wooden grip and typical deeply swept curved blade. Some thirty-four regiments of fencible cavalry regiments were raised in 1794 and 1795, in response to an invasion scare. At the same time, a large number of troops of volunteer cavalry were raised on a county level, consisting of local gentry and yeoman farmers; from the latter they took the description yeomanry. These troops formed into yeomanry regiments, organised broadly by county, around 1800; their history thereafter is complex, with many disbanding, reforming, and changing title intermittently. However, most remained in existence throughout the nineteenth century, seeing occasional service quelling riots and helping to maintain public order.
A 17th Century King Charles Iind Period Flintlock By F. Phillips Of London Almost certainly by Francis Phillips of who was free of the Gunmakers Co. then master. A most beautiful rare pistol, with brass furniture, including a grotesque mask long spurred buttcap, baluster barrel form ramrod pipes, a serpentine sideplate and a trigger guard with a fleur de lys end. The lock is of typical 17th century 'banana' form, with strawberry leaf engraving, and the makers name, F. Phillips. Ivory tipped ramrod a likely replacement. This is the form of pistol used in the era of the War of the Grand Alliance [The Nine Years War], such as The Battle of the Boyne in Ireland The Williamite War in Ireland {"the war of the two kings"} was a conflict between Jacobites (supporters of Catholic King James II) and Williamites (supporters of Protestant Prince William of Orange) over who would be King of England, Scotland and Ireland. It is also called the Jacobite War in Ireland or the Williamite–Jacobite War in Ireland. The cause of the war was the deposition of James II as King of the Three Kingdoms in the "Glorious Revolution" of 1688. James was supported by the mostly Catholic "Jacobites" in Ireland and hoped to use the country as a base to regain his Three Kingdoms. He was given military support by France to this end. For this reason, the War became part of a wider European conflict known as the Nine Years' War (or War of the Grand Alliance). Some Protestants of the established Church in Ireland also fought on the side of King James. James was opposed in Ireland by the mostly Protestant "Williamites", who were concentrated in the north of the country. William landed a multi-national force in Ireland, composed of English, Scottish, Dutch, Danish and other troops, to put down Jacobite resistance. James left Ireland after a reverse at the Battle of the Boyne in 1690 and the Irish Jacobites were finally defeated after the Battle of Aughrim in 1691. William defeated Jacobitism in Ireland and subsequent Jacobite risings were confined to Scotland and England. However, the War was to have a lasting effect on Ireland, confirming British and Protestant rule over the country for over a century. A picture in the gallery by Benjamin West shows the King at the Battle of the Boyne with his similar pistol in his saddle holster. Stock with some minor period repairs at the forend. 17 inches long overall.
A 17th Century Walloon Cavalry Sword, English Civil War Period This super historical sword is the type used by the Dutch & South German cavalry [and mounted infantry officer's]. A lot of armour and weaponry were imported from the Netherlands, and this sword dates from that period, and the time of the first Anglo Dutch War of 1652. With fantastical dog or lion like beast pommel, brass hilt with three bar, half 'open' basket, double ovoid guard [engraved with deer] and thumbring. Excellent multi wire binding. Good blade, with single fuller and small, combat 'sword to sword' edge nicks. .
A 19th Century Mayanmar Kachin Naga Dao Headhunting has been a practice among the Naga tribes of India and Myanmar. The practice was common up to the 20th century and may still be practised in isolated Naga tribes of Burma. Many of the Naga warriors still bear the marks (tattoos and others) of a successful headhunt. In Assam, in the northeast of India, all the peoples living south of the Brahmaputra River—Garos, Khasis, Nagas, and Kukis—formerly were headhunters including the Mizo of the Lusei Hills who also hunt heads of their enemies which was latter abolished with Christianity introduced in the region. The simple wood handle is wrapped with basketry towards the blade. Differential corrosion has disclosed the blade to have a piled structure. The single edged blade, with a slightly convex curved edge, is illustrated edge up. The flat face of the blade is shown in the full length view and in the blade detail photograph; the side of the blade shown in the detail photograph of the handle has an indistinct bevel, occupying about two-fifths of the blade's width, where the blade thins to form the edge. Serpentine lamination to the blade. Overall length: 61 cm.; blade length:48 cm. One photo is of a Kachin villager wearing a near identical sword-dao photographed with Lt. Vincent Curl of special forces OSS Detachment 101 during World War II. A Naga is laying out his family skull trophies, a tree of Naga skulls in a national museum, and the last photo is of Naga tribesmen in 1875. All for information only.
A 19th Century 'Crimean War' Military Officer's Trunk, Probably Russian A wooden and steel strap banded military trunk from the Crimean war. Painted in faded pale Russian blue-grey. Said, from family history, to have been used by an officer of the 17th Lancers who acquired it from various kit captured from a Russian baggage train. The British officer then used it for his gun case and military kit during this campaign, and later by his sons.The last picture shows the bottom rear strap loops for mounting the trunk on the rear of a horse drawn baggage coach. 13 inches deep x 21.5 inches wide x 11.5 inches high.
A 19th Century 'Scottish' Royal Naval Officer's Sword. A scarce Victorian Naval officer's sword with a Scottish broadsword type blade as was used on the regulation Scottish highland regiments basket hilted 'claymores'. It was usually a blade fitted for an officer of Scottish descent and permitted for use in naval service. All the other mounts and fittings are the standard 1827 type. The blade is deluxe etched with royal cypher of Queen Victoria and a large anchor. Used in the era when the Royal Navy still used the magnificent 100 gunner 'Man O' War' galleons, and the from around the start of when the great 'Iron Clads' were being produced for the new form of naval warfare. It was from this era that the world was to see the end of the great sailing ships that coursed the seven seas, for the greatest navy the world has ever known. Made by Eames of Portsmouth. In the 19th century the British fielded a fleet in European waters that no rival could hope to match. Besides the Warrior and her sister, the Black Prince, the Royal Navy roster included six armored frigates of all-iron construction: Achilles, Agamemnon, Minotaur, Valiant, Agincourt, and Northumberland. The Minotaur, launched 1863, was the longest broadside ironclad ever constructed. She was meant to be Britain's "reply" to the French Magenta class battleships. She mounted the same number of guns on one deck as the iron-sheathed wooden French ships carried on two. Britain's broadside ironclads were masterfully constructed ships, and survived 30 or more years' service under the White Ensign before "being sold out of the service" -- a polite euphemism usually involving a trip to the shipbreakers.
A 19th Century Brass Hilted French Hunting Sword An unusual sword. The hilt guard contains the symbol of a French hunting horn. The blade isoverall grey pitted, the hilt is a bright polished cast brass with motifs and patterns. The blade has a shortened tip and a replacement utility pommel.
A 19th Century British General's Ivory Hilted Mamaluke Sword With gilded mounts and ivory grip plates, langet cartouch of the scrossed sword and baton, the traditional symbol of a British General. The blade is nicely age patinated and has traces of inticate etching. The Mamaluke pattern British Army General's sword evolved from the swords captured at the Battle of The Nile and were brought back as war trophys by Admiral Lord Nelson. These beautiful ivory hilted swords so impressed The Duke of Wellington, and his senior officers, they were worn and adopted for wear during the Napoleonic Wars. There are several portraits of Wellington and his Generals in full uniform and adorned with such swords. The pattern was formally adopted by the British Crown as The Generals pattern in 1831. This 1831 pattern General's pattern sword, was carried by all Generals and Field Marshals in the British Army.
A 19th Century English Copper Powder Flask A most charming 19th century late George Ivthpowder flask for a hunting fowling piece or musket. Spring lacking, opening to seam. Priced for decoration only.
A 19th Century French Cavalry Armour Back-Plate A great display piece of original French Heavy Cavalry Armour. Superb for a display of Stand-of-Arms
A 19th Century Long Prussian Cavalry Sabre By Alex Coppel of Solingen This is a very fine quality cavalry sabre, made by Alex Coppel of Solingen [his scales armourer's mark is present on the blade forte]. The hilt is three bar, in brass, with a carved horn grip. Likely from around 1840 to 1860. This is a most unusual form of sabre, similar to many, but identical to nothing quite we have seen with a very distinctive forward slant to the pommel.
A 19th Century Maasai Elders' Spear Head This long African spear is a very old with a long forged iron leaf shaped head and very good patina. The spear has long been the weapon of choice of the Maasai. It is used to defend cattle, community and the warrior himself against wild animals and invaders. Constructed from wood and iron, it is deemed to be the single most valued personal possession after livestock. There are countless romanticized tales that center around these tall, imposing Maasai giants, fighting courageously against man and beast. They are the mighty lion hunters of Africa, brave of heart and the able assassins of any human attacker. In fact, it is the dream of every Maasai warrior to kill an enemy by dispatching a deadly spear wound to the front torso. In doing so he would gain the highest honor from his kinsmen. This leaf bladed type was used by tribal elders and chiefs. The weapon has a three piece configuration. The spear heads are attached by hardened wax to the wooden grip. 38.5 inch long head
A 19th Century Medievil Style Knightly Sword 13th-14th Century style, but made in the Victorian era, most probably as a faithful representation and display piece for a country estate. In the early 19th century Sir Walter Scott's novels created a great resurgence in the interest in romantic Knightly tales of derring do and chivalry, and this was strongly followed in architecture at the time. To reflect the interest, numerous great castles and gothic mansions were built, and many were furnished with Knightly Armour and Weaponry such as this.
A 19th Century North African Koummya Dagger A beautifully decorated piece with all metal scabbard, wooden hilt with metal mounts.The mounts are nickle. The overall length is 420mm. The blade length is 202mm.
A 19th Century Scottish Highlanders Basket Hilted Regimental Sword 1828 Pattern, with traditional steel basket and double edged broadsword blade. As used by an officer in, say, the Thin Red Line at Balaklava, with the Highland Brigade, in the Sutherland Highlanders, the Black Watch or the Cameron Highlanders. The Scottish regiments fought with amazing distinction, and will well reknown ferocity and gallantry throughout the British Empire not least during Queen Victoria's reign. The Thin Red Line was a military action by the Sutherland Highlanders red-coated 93rd (Highland) Regiment at the Battle of Balaclava on 24 October 1854, during the Crimean War. In this incident, the 93rd, aided by a small force of Royal Marines and some Turkish infantrymen, led by Sir Colin Campbell, routed a Russian cavalry charge. Previously, Campbell’s Highland Brigade had taken part in actions at the Battle of Alma and the Siege of Sevastopol. There were more Victoria Crosses presented to the Highland soldiers at that time than at any other. The event was galvanized in the British press and became an icon of the qualities of the red coat in a war that was poorly managed and increasingly unpopular. Battle of Balaclava is noteworthy to history because of the bravery of the 93rd Highlanders stood solidly against repeated attacks by a larger Russian force. This stand led the 93rd Highlanders to be remembered in history as the "Thin Red Line". They served at all the great engagements in the Crimea, The Indian Mutiny the Afghan Wars, The Egypt Campaign, Tel el Kabir and at el Teb against the Mahdi, on the North West Frontier, and finally in the Boer War. One can only wonder what sights and sounds this sword has seen, and the great conflicts and battles it has served in. The sword is in very good condition but the grip fishskin is lacking in parts.
A 19th Century Tulwar Sword With Probably a Pattern Welded Blade A nice example of an Indian sword in good order. Firm blade of likely pattern welded form due to it's rigidity.
A 19th Century Victorian Royal Naval Officer's Sword Good brass hilt with traditional crowned anchor and wirebound fishskin grip. Etched blade with naval devices, dark patinated with overall areas of pitting. Used during the peak of the Empire from the Crimean War, the South African Wars, the Wars in Egypt, and the Boer War. The Napoleonic Wars left Great Britain the most powerful naval country in the world, with no meaningful rivals. The country's economic and strategic strength was buttressed by the fleet; localized military action was a staple of the not-entirely-peaceful "Pax Britannica". In addition, the threat of naval force was a significant factor in diplomacy. The navy was not idle however; the 19th century witnessed a series of transformations that turned the old wooden sailing navy into one of steam and steel. During the period of this swords use, the navy was often used against shore installations, such as those in the Baltic and Black Sea in the Crimean War of 1854 and 1855, also, to fight pirates; to hunt down slave ships; and to assist the army when sailors and marines were landed as naval brigades, as on many occasions between the siege of Sebastopol and the 1900 Boxer Rebellion. With a fleet larger than any two rivals combined, the British nation could take security for granted, but at all times the national leaders and public opinion supported a powerful navy, and service was of high prestige
A Beautiful 'Hounds Head' Charles IInd Horseman's Sword. Dated 'Anno 1665' This is truly an early sword of immense beauty and quality, in fact without question an absolute delight. The hilt has a superbly detailed, chiseled bronze, hound's head complimented by a very fine spiral twist, wire bound, ivory grip. With cast brass quillon. The blade is superbly engraved with mounted cavaliers and a motto [Latin?] that can be read reasonably easily but requires translation. Dated at the forte Anno 1665. The condition is overall superb. A very fine and rare piece. 77.5cm blade length. Although made 100 years before, there are several similar swords, in the Smithsonian and the Metropolitan, that were still in use by officer's during the Anglo-Indian-French wars during the 1760's in America, and in the American War of Independence 1776.
A Beautiful 17th Century Tibetan Sword With Rayskin Coral & Turquoise A most rare and original antique sword, and what a find! Old original Tibetan antique arms very rarely survive, and now are generally only to be seen in the biggest and best museums. This sword is a textbook representative example of the familiar Tibetan form, well made and of good quality. The blade has traces still visible of the prominent hairpin pattern, the hallmark of traditional Tibetan blades, consisting of seven dark lines alternating with six light lines, caused by the different types of iron that were combined during the forging process. This was formed by combining harder and softer iron, referred to as "male iron" and "female iron" in traditional Tibetan texts, which was folded, nested together, and forged into one piece in a blade-making technique called pattern welding. The hilts are often made of engraved silver set with coral or turquoise, or in some rare instances are intricately chiseled and pierced in iron that is damascened in gold and silver. The different styles of swords found in Tibet can be distinguished by several basic features, which include the type of blade, the form of hilt, the type of scabbard, and how the sword was designed to be worn. Traditional Tibetan texts divide swords into five principal types, each of which has a main subtype, for a total of ten basic types. These are in turn subdivided into dozens of further subtypes, many of which may, however, reflect legends and literary conventions rather than actual sword forms. Armor and weapons are certainly not among the images usually called to mind when considering the art or culture of Tibet, which is closely identified with the pacifism and deep spirituality of the Dalai Lama and with the compassionate nature of Tibetan Buddhism. However, this seeming paradox resolves itself when seen in the context of Tibetan history, which includes regular and extended periods of intense military activity from the seventh to the mid-twentieth century. Some excellent examples of Tibetan arms and armour can be found in museum collections today Other types were preserved for ceremonial occasions, the most important of which was the Great Prayer Festival, a month-long event held annually in the Tibetan capital of Lhasa. Historical armour and weapons were also preserved due to the long-standing tradition of placing votive arms in monasteries and temples, where they are kept in special chapels, known as gonkhang (mgon khang), and dedicated to the service of guardian deities. The title of Dalai Lama is first bestowed on Sonam Gyatso (1543–1588), the third hierarch of the Gelukpa school of Tibetan Buddhism, by the Mongolian prince Altan Khan, a descendent of the great Genghis Khan, in the sixteenth century. Because his two predecessors received the title posthumously, Sonam is called the Third Dalai Lama. His incarnation and successor, the Fourth Dalai Lama, is Mongolian and a relative of the Khan. In 1642, the Fifth Dalai Lama, Ngawang Lobsang Gyatso (1617–1682), is installed as the undisputed ruler of Tibet. He becomes both a great scholar and an able administrator, earning the nickname "the Great Fifth." The Fifth Dalai lama creates the Tibetan theocratic state with the Dalai Lama at its head. For a dozen years, news of his death is hidden from the Chinese Qing emperor Kangxi by the regent Sangye Gyatso. Gyatso's protégé, the Sixth Dalai Lama, accedes in 1695. In 1717, after years of unrest, the Chinese emperor finally installs the Seventh Dalai Lama and proclaims Tibet a Chinese protectorate. Although there are representatives of the Manchus in Tibet, the region is largely left to function independently and does so for the next 200 years. Toward the end of the fifteenth century, Nepal is divided between the three sons of King Jayayakshamalla into three kingdoms: Kathmandu, Bhaktapur, and Patan. Over the next 250 years, the three kingdoms go through a process of consolidation and splintering, culminating in the reunification of the country under the Gorkha king Prithvi Narayana Shah in 1768–69. Kathmandu becomes the capital of the Gorkha kingdom shortly thereafter. Currently in one of the worlds greatest museums, the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York, there is an exhibition of Tibetan arms and armour. Item 36.25.1464., within the exhibition, is a near identical sword, dated as 17th century, used until the 19th century. Please note, for information purposes, almost every Chinese or Tibetan sword for sale today on the non specialist market, are common reproductions made in China, often sold as real. It is a sad reality that there are literally [for want of quantification] no original antique Sino -Tibetan swords remaining in China today. Despite many appearing for sale today within the Chinese market. Almost without exception, every sword that existed still in China, in the 1950's, was ordered destroyed under direction of the Cultural Revolution. Iron or steel was considered too precious, and all iron items, including cooking pots and eating vessels swords and daggers were ordered to be scrapped and destroyed. Everyone complied with this instruction. Overall 23 3/4 inches long.
A Beautiful 17th-18th Century, Moghul, Islamic Tulwar Sword With a very good steel blade with a fine armourer's seal mark. All steel hilt with single bar guard. Emperor Aurangzeb [or Muhiuddin Mohammed] was the last significant Mughal emperor. His reign lasted from 1658 to 1707. During this phase, the empire had reached its largest geographical expansion. Nevertheless it was during this time period that the first sign of decline of the great Moghul Empire was noticed. The reasons were many. The bureaucracy became corrupted and the army implemented outdated tactics and obsolete weaponry. The Moghul Empire was descended from Turko-Mongol, Rajput and Persian origins. It reigned a significant part of the subcontinent of Asia from the initial part of the 16th century to the middle of the 19th century. When it was at the peak of its power, around the 18th century, it controlled a major part of the Asian subcontinent and portions of the current Afghanistan. To understand it's wealth and influence, in 1600 the Emperor Akbar had revenues from his empire of £17.5 million pounds, and 200 years later, in 1800, the exchequer of the entire British Empire had revenues of just £16 million pounds. Photo in the gallery and thumbnail of Emperor Auranzeb with his Tulwar [information only, not included]
A Beautiful 1850's Victorian Albert Pattern South Salopian Cavalry Helmet In nice order for it's age and use that may well have been over 50 years. Good regimental badge with copper crown, replacement red horsehair plume. The Shropshire Yeomanry dates its origins to the French wars of 1793-1815. Volunteer cavalry units were raised throughout the country, with Shropshire raising many varied and exotic corps - the Brimstree Loyal Legion, the Pimhill Light Horse, the Oswestry Rangers and others. These mixed units were amalgamated in 1814 to form the Shrewsbury Yeomanry Cavalry, the South Shropshire Yeomanry Cavalry and the North Shropshire Yeomanry Cavalry. In 1828, the Shrewsbury Y.C. was absorbed into the South Shropshire, leaving two Regiments, known as the South Salopian and the North Salopian Yeomanry Cavalry. These in turn amalgamated in 1872 to form the Shropshire Yeomanry Cavalry. They date their origins to the raising of the Wellington Troop in 1795. The regiment's first active service came during the South African War, when volunteers served in the 13th (Shropshire) Company of the 5th Battalion, Imperial Yeomanry. Three contingents of 13/5 served in South Africa, earning the first Shropshire Yeomanry battle-honour, 'South Africa 1900-1902'. During the 1914-18 War, The Shropshire Yeomanry served in the Western Desert of Egypt and in Palestine (against the Turks). The only V.C. to a Shropshire Regiment was won by Sgt. Harold Whitfield of the Yeomanry, for gallantry at Burj-el-Lisaneh in Palestine in 1918. This helmet is complete with it's original, 160 [or more] years old Victorian plume, but the plume is in very poor condition [not shown]. Overall light surface wear denting and surface fracture to the rear [see photos].
A Beautiful 18th to 19th Century, Indo Persian Gold Koftgari Inlaid Ankus Steel blade hook and spike head with superb gold inlay known as Koftgari work with the matching hilt pommel, and a fine sectional haft [likely, either ivory or bone] inlaid with a red and black geometric ball and line pattern. The Ankus or elephant goad was the part of the elephant driver's equipment that was used to guide and instruct the elephant to follow his instructions. Although not strictly speaking a weapon, it is always traditionally revered as of the same status, and is always displayed alongside the normal armour and swords of the time in the great military museum collections. From about the mid 1st millennium BC elephants were used in warfare in India, gradually ousting war chariots from the battlefield. The last recorded use of elephants was in the late 18th century, although they continued to be used as draught animals. In the time of the Great Mughals in India (1526-1858) people either rode an elephant or sat in a ‘Howdah’. The most valuable elephants were protected by armour. Some were fully clad in armour, others had only their heads and parts of their trunk protected, others had no protection at all. Elephant armour was made of; plates and mail (As in the royal Armouries example), Scales sewn on a piece of cloth, brigandine (steel plates sewn in between layers of cloth), or just quilted cloth or leather. The armour also had a peculiarity – protective ‘ears’, two projections on the elephant’s head to protect the driver.
A Beautiful 19th Century English Copper Powder Flask Not maker marked, but of very fine quality indeed. I small body dent. Good spring action to the multi measure spout.
A Beautiful All Brass Mounted Early 19th Century English Flintlock Pistol From the Napoleonic Wars period a very fine condition brass barrel pistol indeed, with very fine engraved furniture, all in brass, including the lock plate. The all brass mounted pistols were often the weapon of choice for naval officer's due to the corrosive nature of sea spray on steel mounted pistols, similarly as ship's blunderbusses tended to bear brass rather that steel barrels. The action is as crisp as new. This is truly a delightful piece in wonderful condition.
A Beautiful Ancient Bronze Age Dagger Circa 12th Century B.C. This is a most handsome ancient bronze light dagger with double edged blade and panelled grip, in excellent condition, and fine ancient patination, with clay encrustation, from one of the most fascinating eras in ancient world history, the period of the so called Trojan Wars. The ancient Greeks believed the Trojan War was a historical event that had taken place in the 13th or 12th century BC, and believed that Troy was located in modern day Turkey near the Dardanelles. In Greek mythology, the Trojan War was waged against the city of Troy by the Achaeans (Greeks) after Paris of Troy took Helen from her husband Menelaus, the king of Sparta. The war is among the most important events in Greek mythology and was narrated in many works of Greek literature, including Homer's Iliad and the Odyssey . "The Iliad" relates a part of the last year of the siege of Troy, while the Odyssey describes the journey home of Odysseus, one of the Achaean leaders. Other parts of the war were told in a cycle of epic poems, which has only survived in fragments. Episodes from the war provided material for Greek tragedy and other works of Greek literature, and for Roman poets such as Virgil and Ovid. The war originated from a quarrel between the goddesses Athena, Hera, and Aphrodite, after Eris, the goddess of strife and discord, gave them a golden apple, sometimes known as the Apple of Discord, marked "for the fairest". Zeus sent the goddesses to Paris, who judged that Aphrodite, as the "fairest", should receive the apple. In exchange, Aphrodite made Helen, the most beautiful of all women and wife of Menelaus, fall in love with Paris, who took her to Troy. Agamemnon, king of Mycenae and the brother of Helen's husband Menelaus, led an expedition of Achaean troops to Troy and besieged the city for ten years due to Paris' insult. After the deaths of many heroes, including the Achaeans Achilles and Ajax, and the Trojans Hector and Paris, the city fell to the ruse of the Trojan Horse. The Achaeans slaughtered the Trojans (except for some of the women and children whom they kept or sold as slaves) and desecrated the temples, thus earning the gods' wrath. Few of the Achaeans returned safely to their homes and many founded colonies in distant shores. The Romans later traced their origin to Aeneas, one of the Trojans, who was said to have led the surviving Trojans to modern day Italy. This sword comes from that that great historical period, from the time of the birth of known recorded history, and the formation of great empires, the cradle of civilization, known as The Mycenaean Age, of 1600 BC to 1100 BC. Known as the Bronze Age, it started even centuries before the time of Herodotus, who was known throught the world as the father of history. Mycenae is an archaeological site in Greece from which the name Mycenaean Age is derived. The Mycenae site is located in the Peloponnese of Southern Greece. The remains of a Mycenaean palace were found at this site, accounting for its importance. Other notable sites during the Mycenaean Age include Athens, Thebes, Pylos and Tiryns. According to Homer, the Mycenaean civilization is dedicated to King Agamemnon who led the Greeks in the Trojan War. The palace found at Mycenae matches Homer's description of Agamemnon's residence. The amount and quality of possessions found at the graves at the site provide an insight to the affluence and prosperity of the Mycenaean civilization. Prior to the Mycenaean's ascendancy in Greece, the Minoan culture was dominant. However, the Mycenaeans defeated the Minoans, acquiring the city of Troy in the process. In the greatest collections of the bronze age there are swords exactly as this beautiful example. In the Metropolitan Museum of Art is the bronze sword of King Adad-nirari I, a unique example from the palace of one of the early kings of the period (14th-13th century BC) during which Assyria first began to play a prominent part in Mesopotamian history.Sword and weapons from this era were made in the Persian bronze industry, which was also influenced by Mesopotamia. Luristan, near the western border of Persia, it is the source of many bronzes, such as this sword, that have been dated from 1500 to 500 BC and include chariot or harness fittings, rein rings, elaborate horse bits, and various decorative rings, as well as weapons, personal ornaments, different types of cult objects, and a number of household vessels. A sword, found in the palace of Mallia and dated to the Middle Minoan period (2000-1600 BC), is an example of the extraordinary skill of the Cretan metalworker in casting bronze. The hilt of the sword is of gold-plated ivory and crystal. A dagger blade found in the Lasithi plain, dating about 1800 BC (Metropolitan Museum of Art), is the earliest known predecessor of ornamented dagger blades from Mycenae. It is engraved with two spirited scenes: a fight between two bulls and a man spearing a boar. Somewhat later (c. 1400 BC) are a series of splendid blades from mainland Greece, which must be attributed to Cretan craftsmen, with ornament in relief, incised, or inlaid with varicoloured metals, gold, silver, and niello. The most elaborate inlays--pictures of men hunting lions and of cats hunting birds--are on daggers from the shaft graves of Mycenae, Nilotic scenes showing Egyptian influence. The bronze was oxidized to a blackish-brown tint; the gold inlays were hammered in and polished and the details then engraved on them. The gold was in two colours, a deeper red being obtained by an admixture of copper; and there was a sparing use of neillo. The copper and gold most likely came from the early mine centres, in and around Mesopotamia, [see gallery] and the copper ingots exported to the Cretans for their master weapon makers. This dagger is in very nice condition . Although a lightweight piece, one would imagine it to be an extremely effective close quarter fighting knife. Approx 12 inches long overall
A Beautiful anf Fine Quality 18th Century German Hunting Sword, Cuttoe With a long maker marked blade, and with fine and elegant engraving. The hilt is eight sided carved horn, with brass S quillons and a brass button pommel. A most attractive and elegant long hunting sword. In America this form of sword was often called a cuttoe, a revolutionary war hangar sword. For similar examples please see G. C. Neumann's "Swords & Blades of the American Revolution"
A Beautiful Antique Renaissance Style 'Heroic' Armour Gorget Made in iron, in the Italianate 16th century style, somewhat reminiscent of the truly magnificent heroic amours made by master armourer Filippo Negroli (ca. 1510–1579) and his contemporaries. In the manner of armour that one can only now see in the greatest historical collections, such as the British Royal Collection, and in the Metropolitan Museum in New York. Of course, if this was by one of the finest renaissance armour masters, such as Negroli, it would quite simply be priceless, however, in many ways it is most fortunate it is not an original, as, in this case, it is easily affordable to most antique armour collectors, or, admirers and collectors of fine and beautiful things. It was likely made during the renaissance revival period, of the time of Sir Walter Scott, when that reknown Scots born British author was recreating the great historical periods. Such as in his heroic novels such as Ivanhoe, The Lady of the Lake and Rob Roy. The renaissance revival gripped the imagination of Europe, and many of the most famous armours were recreated, for the fortunate few, and cast from the originals held in the great museum collections. Fantastical neo classical and neo gothic mansions and great estates were created, by the new industrial magnates with the incredible wealth that they often commanded. The classical revival was superbly expressed in the extravagant décor, based on those earlier styles, that was commissioned to decorate their finest estates and grand palatial homes. This gorget is in very good condition, cast, and with fine patina. The last picture in the gallery is an original period portrait of a plain and simpler gorget being worn, without full armour [for information only not included]. When full armour was not suitable or required the gorget was often worn on it's own as a badge of rank. Width 9 inches approx.
A Beautiful Antique Royal Vienna Porcelain Cabinet Plate By Griener Hand painted by one of the finest artists of Royal Vienna, and signed Griener. A portrait bust of Graf von Zeppelin With gold reflief border. Pre WW1 early 20th Century. Royal Vienna mark in underglazed blue. Gilding of the finest quality 99% good or better condition.
A Beautiful British Dragoon Basket Hilted Sword, Mid 18th Century, As used by the Scot's Dragoon's and the 7th Queens Dragoons in the 1740's to 1790's. Made by English blade maker Harvey, and bearing the GR Cypher of King George. Harvey may be one of the marks of renown Birmingham maker, Samuel Harvey, 1718-1778, who supplied many basket hilted swords to the British Crown, mostly for use by Highland troops. This sword is marked with the surname alone, HARVEY below the Crown and Cypher [the overlapping monogramme of GR] for King George. His more common mark was a running wolf, his other marks could be Harvey or S.Harvey. The fabulous basket hilt has the large oval ring insert, for the holding of the horses reins while gripping the sword when riding to battle, and part of the original buff hide basket liner. Wire bound fishskin grip, discoid pommel. There is a near identical sword by Harvey, bearing the same form of maker mark and crown GR in a collection of American War of Independence weaponry featured in "Swords and Blades of the American Revolution" by George C. Neumann. Page 148 sword 261s The shortage of cavalry in the Revolutionary War was a major drawback for the British. A strong cavalry presence at battles like Long Island and Brandywine could have enabled the British to encircle the Americans and prevent their retreat. It is possible that a strong cavalry force would have captured Washington’s army entirely during the march south through New Jersey in 1776. This is the form of sword used by the Scot's Greys Dragoons in the 7 Years War against France, and by the 7th Queen's Dragoons. Portraits from the time show this very sword as worn.
A Beautiful British Heavy Dragoon Pattern Flintlock Pistol The pistol pattern as was used in the seven years war against France in the Americas by the British heavy dragoons. With it's typical long barrel, brass land pattern furniture, good tight mainspring on the double lined steel lock, that was engraved [refreshed]. It also bears the traditional crowned GR mark and ordnance pattern stamp. This is a beautiful looking pistol of superb proportions. It's patina is simply lustrous and we hope this is seen well enough in the photographs.12 inch barrel The battles of seven years war, in which British heavy dragoons served with distinction; French and Indian War 1754-1763 encompassed some famous battles, including in 1754 Fort Necessity 1755 Beauséjour 1755 Monongahela River 1755 Lake George 1756 Oswego 1757 Fort William Henry 1758 Fort Ticonderoga 1758 Louisbourg 1758 Fort Frontenac 1759 Fort Niagara 1760 Quebec 1760 Montreal. This pistol has had considerable restoration, and that is reflected in the price, but it is a beautiful piece of most decorative and impressive weaponry. It came from the 'Nepalese cache' a truly amazing source of old British weaponry that had been stored over the past centuries by the Kings of Nepal, in the former palace of an executed Nepalese Prime Minister, that were discovered and purchased by the eminent Christian Cranmer, and featured on a Discovery channel documentary.
A Beautiful Early 19th Century American Folk Art Pen Work Walking Stick Later mounted in England with a staghorn handle with a silver hallmarked collar made in Sheffield silver in 1904. The scene is beautifully done and highly intricate. It depicts a brick built house, within a garden of pine trees and a great tree. The scene also has mounted huntsmen, coming past the house, with whips and chasing a fox or a wolf with hounds. There is also a walking, pipe smoking figure, and a man holding an iron pronged capture device, and a dog walking from a kennel. All the men are wearing Shakos.
A Beautiful Javanese Kris With Pure Gold Snake God Symbol Onlaid On of the most beautiful we have seen. A sarpa lumarka wavy blade with a gold Naga [snake] in sangkelat [13 waves, or lok]. Ladrang form of wrangka hilt crosspiece [boat form] of a simply stunning wood, which may be Javan pelet. In Java, the metal sleeve is called pendokbunton, which is a full metal sleeve. The keris is considered a magical weapon, filled with great spiritual power. In Javanese there is a term "Tosan Aji" or "Magic Metal" used to describe the keris. The keris is replete with the totems of Malay-Indonesian culture of hindu and islam. The blade is a mixture of meteoric steel and nickel According to traditional Javanese kejawen, kris contain all the intrinsic elements of nature: tirta (water), bayu (wind), agni (fire), bantolo (earth, but also interpreted as metal or wood which both come from the earth), and aku (lit: "I" or "me", meaning that the kris has a spirit or soul). All these elements are present during the forging of kris. Earth is metal forged by fire being blown by pumped wind, and water to cool down the metal. In Bali, the kris is associated with the n?ga or dragon, which also symbolizes irrigation canals, rivers, springs, wells, spouts, waterfalls and rainbows; thus, the wavy blade symbolizes the movement of the serpent. Some kris have a naga or serpent head carved near the base with the body and tail following the curves of the blade to the tip. A wavy kris is thus a naga in motion, aggressive and alive; a straight blade is one at rest, its power dormant but ready to come into action. In former times, kris blades were said to be infused with poison during their forging, ensuring that any injury was fatal. The process of doing so was kept secret among smiths. Different types of whetstones, acidic juice of citrus fruits and poisonous arsenic bring out the contrast between the dark black iron and the light colored silvery nickel layers which together form pamor, damascene patterns on the blade. The distinctive pamor patterns have specific meanings and names which indicate the special magical properties they are believed to impart
A Beautiful Noble's Antique Sinhalese [Ceylonese] Piha Kaetta Knife Dagger A most engaging ornate pihas and likely made exclusively by the Pattal Hattara (The Four Workshops). They were employed directly by the Kings of Kandy. Kandy, the independent kingdom, was first established by King Wickramabahu (1357–1374 CE). The last Kandyan king was in the early 1800's, and the workshops are no longer in existence today.The simplest are of plain steel, but very graceful form, with wooden or horn handles, and carried in the belt by every villager, to lop off inconvenient branches as he passes through the jungle, to open coconuts, or cut jungle ropes. From these knives there are all transitions to the most elaborate and costly of silver or gold inlaid and overlaid knives worn by the greatest chiefs as a part of the costume, and never intended for use. The workmanship of many of these is most exquisite but this fine work is done rather by the higher craftsmen, the silversmiths and ivory carvers, than by the mere blacksmith. Many of the best knives were doubtless made in the Four Workshops, such as is this example, the blades being supplied to the silversmith by the blacksmiths. "The best of the higher craftsmen (gold and silversmiths, painters, and ivory carvers, etc.) working immediately for the king formed a close, largely hereditary, corporation of craftsmen called the Pattal-hatara (Four Workshops). They were named as follows; The Ran Kadu [Golden Arms], the Abarana [Regalia], the Sinhasana [Lion Throne], and the Otunu [Crown] these men worked only for the King, unless by his express permission (though, of course, their sons or pupils might do otherwise); they were liable to be continually engaged in Kandy, while the Kottal-badda men were divided into relays, serving by turns in Kandy for periods of two months. The Kottal-badda men in each district were under a foreman (mul-acariya) belonging to the Pattal-hatara. Four other foremen, one from each pattala, were in constant attendance at the palace.This beautiful noble's dagger is stunningly decorated with veka deka liya vela [double curve vine motif] and the flower motif sina mal, and a bold vine in damascene silver. The blade is traditonal iron and the hilt beautifully carved horn
A Beautiful Pair of Boutet Style French 1st Empire Officer's Pistols From the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic era. These are typical pistols used by an officer in Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte's service, during the wars in Europe, in the Grande Armee against Britain, Russia, Prussia, Austria and Spain. Such as the Battles of Austerlitz, Wagram, and Moscow, the Battles of Wertingen, Marango, Salamanca Badajoz etc. etc.Typical Boutet style oval, flat butt caps beautifully engraved with an Revolutionary symbols of a Shield over a crossed Fasces, Arrow, Quiver and Club. All steel mounts and the finest octagonal to round Damascus barrels. Lacking rammers, one barrel end with some forend corrosion. A stunning pair of pistols from the greatest era in France's history. 6.5 inch barrels, both 12 inches long overall As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Beautiful Pair of Original Antique Native American Cowboy Gauntlets A Beautiful Pair, Circa 1850, from the early 'Wild West Frontier' period. These stunning and rare fringed gauntlets are beautifully embroidered with flowers, florid patterns and a western monogramme, and were likely from the Cree, or the Lakota Sioux tribes of North and South Dakota. The most famous members of the Lakota Sioux were Sitting Bull and Crazy Horse. In yellow hide [likely buckskin] with long fringing. Excellent condition, small split in base of finger.The style of Gauntlets worn by 'Kit Carson' and his contemporaries. Superb, charming and highly collectable pieces from the old, American, Wild West Frontier. Gauntlets are protective gloves that have a flared cuff. For centuries, these cuffs protected European and Asian bow hunters and military archers from being snapped on the wrist by their bowstrings. Medieval soldiers and knights began wearing chain-mail gauntlets during the 1300s, and armored gauntlets appeared in Europe during the 1400s. Four hundred years later and halfway around the world, leather gauntlets appeared in the American West as military uniform accessories. They were soon appropriated by Indian artists, embellished with diverse ornaments, and incorporated into the civilian wardrobe. Here they became intrinsically linked with Western people, history, and landscape, and a symbol of the frontier. The original European form was reworked with a wild American veneer. Former mountain men -- Jim Bridger and Kit Carson among them -- occasionally worked guiding emigrant trains and military units through little-known country. They also helped track renegades of diverse stripes. These scouts were colorful characters, highly skilled, and not required to maintain a military dress code. Their attire was subsequently functional, comfortable, and drawn from a variety of media and cultural sources. By the 1870s, long and abundant fringe was in style and pinked edges provided decorative flair to leather clothing that was by nature quite showy.A similar pair [though later] of Lakota Sioux gauntlets can be seen in the Eugene and Clare Thaw Collection of American Indian Art in the Fenimore Art Museum NY.
A Beautiful Pair, of Silver & Gold Alloy Inlaid Pistols. Ottoman Empire Likely with 17th century English proved barrels. From the Ottoman Empire a pair of most glorious pistols, mounted in niello decorated silver, and with 'Spanish' form barrels, that bear proof stamps of, most likely, John Cotterill, an English maker of the 17th century. His proof mark is recorded, and is the same as these guns bear, being the letters 'I C' with a crown above. This mark is stamped around three times on each barrel. The barrels are profusely over decorated with elaborate gold alloy inlay. These guns would have been used at the time of Mehmet IIIrd, possibly before and very likely after. We include in the gallery for your perusal a period portrait of Sultan Mehmet III, and above his right shoulder, hanging on his palce wall is his sword and his pair of pistols that are of the very same form as we offer here. During the eighteenth century, the Ottoman Empire was almost continuously at war with one or more of its enemies--Persia, Poland, Austria, and Russia. War with Russia, in fact, dominates the Ottoman scene from much of the eighteenth century; the two states clashed on 1711, between 1768 and 1774, and again between 1787 and 1792. In all these wars of the eighteenth century, there were no clear victors or losers. During the 18th century Turkish involvement in European affairs is limited mainly to the immediate neighbours. There is a succession of wars with Russia and constant adjustment to the frontier with Austria in the Balkans. But in 1798 the Ottoman empire finds itself unavoidably caught up in Europe's great war of the time, when Napoleon decides to invade Egypt as an indirect method of harming British imperial interests. It is a profoundly demoralized invading force which finally confronts the Mameluke army at Giza on July 21. But the French are arranged by Napoleon on the open terrain in solid six-deep divisional squares, and their fire-power slices with devastating effect through the wild charges of the Egyptian cavalry. Victory in the Battle of the Pyramids delivers Cairo to Napoleon. While emphasizing his respect for Islam, Napoleon set about organizing Egypt as a French territory with himself as its ruler, assisted by a senate of distinguished Egyptians. But there is already a major snag. Some ten days after Napoleon's victory, Nelson finally comes across the warships of the French fleet - at anchor in Aboukir Bay, near the western mouth of the Nile. On August 1, in the Battle of the Nile, he destroys them as a fighting force (only two French ships of the line survive). Napoleon, master of Egypt, is stranded in his new colony. He has no safe way of conveying his army back to France. Moreover he has provoked a new enemy. Turkey, of whose empire Egypt is officially a part, declares war on France in September 1798. In February news comes that a Turkish army is preparing to march south through Syria and Palestine to attack Egypt. One of the pistols is lacking it's top jaw on the cock, but we can replace it with another perfectly matched
A Beautiful, Ancient, 2000 Plus Year Old Chinese Jian Sword, Han Dynasty. Over the past 30 years we have only had just a few of these most ancient Chinese swords, and we are delighted to offer this most beautiful example. Between 2000 and 2400 years old this stunning sword was made by the Dian Peoples in South West China Yunnan Province. The Bronze hilt has amazing form and the blade very likely not the original fitted, although well corroded. Hilts were frequently remounted, as like the Samurai Culture in Japanese blades, and fittings were frequently changed and altered many times. Han Dynasty bronzes are practically indistinguishable from earlier Warring States bronzes so it could indeed be older than estimated. The Dian were first mentioned historically in Sima Qian's Shiji; according to Chinese sources, the Chinese Chu general Zhuang Qiao was the founder of the Dian Kingdom. Chinese soldiers who accompanied him married the natives. Zhuang was engaged in a war in conquer the "barbarian" peoples of the area, but he and his army were prevented from going back to Chu by enemy armies, so he settled down and became King of the new Dian Kingdom. The kingdom was located around Kunming, it was surrounded, on its east, the Yeh-lang tribes, to the west, Kunming tribes, and to the north in Chengdu, by the Chinese, and had relations with all of them. It is said that during King Qingxiang's (Ching-hsiang) rule over Chu (298 236 BC), a military force was sent on a mission to the area which makes up the present day provinces of Sichuan, Guizhou, and Yunnan which respsectively were the lands of the Ba and Shu, Chinzong, and the Tien. Native women married the Chu soldiers, who stayed in the area. The Dian were subjugated by the Han Dynasty under the reign of Emperor Wu of Han in 109 BC. The Dian King willingly received the Chinese invasion, in the hopes of assistance against rival tribes, it was at this time he received his seal from the Chinese, and became a tributary. The Han Dynasty incorporated the territory of the Dian Kingdom into the Yizhou Commandery, but left the King of Dian as the local ruler, until a rebellion during Han Chao-ti's rule. The Chinese proceeded with colonization, and conquered the Kunming tribes in 86 and 82 B.C., reaching Burma. Bronze is a metal primarily comprised of copper and tin but some lead may be added. Bronze has been used for implements in China since the Xia Dynasty (2100 BC to 1600 BC). During the Shang (1765 BC to ~1122 BC) and Zhou periods (1045 BC to 221 BC) new, more elaborate forms were developed and the bronze age reached its height during the Han period. During the earliest times, bronze items focused on ritual objects and themes, gradually more attention was placed on scenes from everyday life. It is this transition that signals the Second Bronze Age.
A Beautiful, Antique, Long Straight Bladed Executioner's Keris [or Kris] Carved buffalo horn hilt, meteoric metal blade of iron and nickel. Excellent and ancient grain shown in the blade Yearly cleanings, required as part of the spirituality and mythology surrounding the weapon, often left ancient blades worn and thin. The repair materials depended on location and it is quite usual to find a weapon with fittings from several areas. For example, a kris may have a blade from Java, a hilt from Bali and a sheath from Madura.The making of a kris was the specialised duty of metalworkers called empu or pandai besi (lit. "iron-skilled"). In Bali this occupation was preserved by the Pande clan to this day, members of whom also made jewellery. A bladesmith makes the blade in layers of different iron ores and meteorite nickel. Some blades can be made in a relatively short time, while more intricate weapons take years to complete. In high quality kris blades, the metal is folded dozens or hundreds of times and handled with the utmost precision. Empu are highly respected craftsmen with additional knowledge in literature, history, and the occult In many parts of Indonesia, the kris used to be the choice weapon for execution. The executioner's kris has a long, straight, slender blade. The condemned knelt before the executioner, who placed a wad of cotton or similar material on the subject's shoulder or clavicle area. The blade was thrust through the padding, piercing the subclavian artery and the heart. Upon withdrawal, the cotton wiped the blade clean. Death came within seconds. The kris blade is called a wilah or bilah. Kris blades are usually narrow with a wide, asymmetrical base. The kris is famous for its wavy blade; however, the older types of kris dated from the Majapahit era have straight blades. The number of luk or curves on the blade is always odd. Common numbers of luk range from three to thirteen waves, but some blades have up to 29. In contrast to the older straight type, most kris have a wavy blade which is supposed to increase the severity of wounds inflicted upon a victim. During kris stabbing, the wavy blade severs more blood vessels, creating a wider wound which causes the victim to easily bleed to death. According to traditional Javanese kejawen, kris contain all the intrinsic elements of nature: tirta (water), bayu (wind), agni (fire), bantolo (earth, but also interpreted as metal or wood which both come from the earth), and aku (lit: "I" or "me", meaning that the kris has a spirit or soul). All these elements are present during the forging of kris. Earth is metal forged by fire being blown by pumped wind, and water to cool down the metal. In Bali, the kris is associated with the n?ga or dragon, which also symbolizes irrigation canals, rivers, springs, wells, spouts, waterfalls and rainbows; thus, the wavy blade symbolizes the movement of the serpent. Some kris have a naga or serpent head carved near the base with the body and tail following the curves of the blade to the tip. A wavy kris is thus a naga in motion, aggressive and alive; a straight blade is one at rest, its power dormant but ready to come into action. In former times, kris blades were said to be infused with poison during their forging, ensuring that any injury was fatal. The process of doing so was kept secret among smiths. Different types of whetstones, acidic juice of citrus fruits and poisonous arsenic bring out the contrast between the dark black iron and the light colored silvery nickel layers which together form pamor, damascene patterns on the blade. The distinctive pamor patterns have specific meanings and names which indicate the special magical properties they are believed to impart The scabbard is damaged but we can repaier this near invisibly.
A Beautiful, Exceptionally Long Flintlock Holster Pistol 18th Century. This is a true beauty, with slender elegant lines and smooth texture. All brass furniture of nice quality. Finest walnut stock with a superlative original patina. The form of pistol used on horseback throughout the American War of Independence, the entire Napoleonic Wars and the Battle of Waterloo eras. This fine pistol has a long eared brass butt cap, a roccoco escutcheon, and long brass barrel cappucine. Barrel 14.5 inches . Overall 21.5 inches.
A Boer War 'Seige of Ladysmith' Bayonet Converted to Combat Knife This is a most interesting piece. It is a very rare 1880'S '3 rivet ' handle type, Metford rifle bayonet, that has been shortened and edged for use in the Seige of Ladysmith during the Boer War. It was later used by the Boer War soldier's son in the trenches of WW1. Before the regulation issue FS knife there was no close combat knife for use by British forces. It was the custom for soldiers to create their own. Examples from the Great War turn up in great variety, but the earlier ones from the war in South Africa are much more scarcely seen. This is a jolly intriguing piece and very competantly executed if a little crudely done. No scabbard
A Boer War Pair, Defence of Ladysmith, Elandslaagte 42nd Battery RFA Queens medal with 3 bars, the highly desireable bar the Defence of Ladysmith, the Belfast bar and the rare bar, Elandslaagte. The Kings medal has two standard bars, 1901 and 1902. Gunner C.R.McGill. These medals are well worthy of research as the Royal Field Artillery saw most gallant service in the defence, and that event is one of the most famous and significant of the whole Boer War. The 42nd was in Ladysmith when Sir George White arrived in Natal and along with the 21st Battery did excellent work at Elandslaagte, 21st October 1899 (see 1st Devons). Their services at Lombard's Kop or Ladysmith, 30th October, like those of Sir George White's other batteries, were invaluable, and prevented a check from being a defeat. 'The Times' historian has laid the greatest possible stress on this point, and undoubtedly Britain owed very much to the six batteries RFA engaged that day. Before the naval guns had arrived the little 15-pounders had actually pushed in under the nose of the 100-lb monster on Pepworth Hill, and had driven his workers from his side. The value of their services was freely acknowledged by Sir George White. After the siege commenced the artillery had plenty to do. On 3rd November the 21st, 42nd, and 53rd were sent out and again earned praise. On the day of the great attack the 21st was at Range Post to prevent reinforcements reaching the enemy from the west, and with the 42nd were "of great assistance in keeping down the violence of the enemy's fire from Mounted Infantry Hill". The 53rd took up a position on Klip River Flats, absolutely unconcerned by the huge projectiles hurtling from Bulwana; and they did much to ensure the enemy's defeat, "shelling the south-east portion of Ceesar's Camp with great effect and inflicting very heavy losses on the enemy "(Sir George White's despatch). Major Blewitt was mentioned in Sir George White's despatches of 2nd December 1899 and 23rd March 1900, and 1 other officer, 5 non-commissioned officers, and a trumpeter—all of the 21st —in that of 23rd March, In General Buller's northern advance the 21st, 42nd, and 53rd were again much in evidence, and frequently earned commendation. In Lord Robert's telegram of 24th August 1900, speaking of an attempted ambush, he said, "These guns [the enemy's] were silenced by a section of the 21st Battery under Lieutenant Hannay, and the trap failed". At Bergendal, 27th August (see 2nd Rifle Brigade), the Brigade Division again did well and was praised by General Buller, the 42nd being specially mentioned on this occasion. In Lord Roberts' despatch of 10th October 1900, para 35, the very skilful work of this Brigade Division was again recognised. In General Buller's final despatch 2 officers and 3 non-commissioned officers of the 21st were mentioned. In the second phase of the war this battery chiefly operated in the Eastern Transvaal. One section did excellent service with Colonel Benson in 1901. The Sergeant Major was mentioned in Lord Kitchener's despatch of 8th July 1901. Both medals are sleepers with wear overall and some denting. No ribbons.
A British 1796 Infantry Officer's Sword With single edged blade, copper gilt hilt and wire bound grip. No scabbard. The 1796 Pattern British Infantry Officers Sword was carried by officers of the line infantry in the British Army between 1796 and the time of its official replacement with the gothic hilted sword in 1822. This period encompassed the whole of the Napoleonic Wars, and the American War of 1812. Overall in good condition for age, with a most interesting and distinctive, sword combat, parrying defensive cut, around one third up the outside edge of the blade
A British 1842 Pattern 'Brown Bess' Percussion Musket and Bayonet The stock bears an East India co. lion stamp. Excellent bayonet maker marked by Gill and ordnance stamped. Good walnut stock, barrel with large London View and Proof marks. All barss furniture. The pattern '42 musket is the last pattern of 'Brown Bess' musket used until the British Army changed over to rifles in the 1850's. 33 inch barrel. The mainstay of British Infantry, used in the famous British 'Squares' at Waterloo and all the famous battles of the Napoleonic Wars and beyond. Good overall condition, and a fine and highly collectable piece. The nickname Brown Bess started in the 1740's. Early uses of the term include the newspaper, the Connecticut Courant in April 1771, which said "…but if you are afraid of the sea, take Brown Bess on your shoulder and march." This familiar use must indicate widespread use of the term by that time. The 1785 Dictionary of Vulgar Tongue, a contemporary work which defined vernacular and slang terms, contained this entry: "Brown Bess: A soldier's firelock. To hug Brown Bess; to carry a fire-lock, or serve as a private soldier.". Rudyard Kipling, wrote in 1911 "In the days of lace-ruffles, perukes, and brocade Brown Bess was a partner whom none could despise - An out-spoken, flinty-lipped, brazen-faced jade, With a habit of looking men straight in the eyes - At Blenheim and Ramillies, fops would confess They were pierced to the heart by the charms of Brown Bess. ” As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables39 inch barrel. Board of Ordnance marked with broad arrow. The mainstay of British Infantry, used in the famous British 'Squares' at Waterloo and all the famous battles of the Napoleonic Wars. Good overall condition, and a fine and highly collectable piece. The nickname Brown Bess started in the 1740's. Early uses of the term include the newspaper, the Connecticut Courant in April 1771, which said "…but if you are afraid of the sea, take Brown Bess on your shoulder and march." This familiar use must indicate widespread use of the term by that time. The 1785 Dictionary of Vulgar Tongue, a contemporary work which defined vernacular and slang terms, contained this entry: "Brown Bess: A soldier's firelock. To hug Brown Bess; to carry a fire-lock, or serve as a private soldier.". Rudyard Kipling, wrote in 1911 "In the days of lace-ruffles, perukes, and brocade Brown Bess was a partner whom none could despise - An out-spoken, flinty-lipped, brazen-faced jade, With a habit of looking men straight in the eyes - At Blenheim and Ramillies, fops would confess They were pierced to the heart by the charms of Brown Bess. ” As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A British Victorian 1850's Rifles Officers Sword Crimea To Zulu War Use. Used during the Crimean War to the Zulu War Eras in the British Empire. British light infantry volunteers crest. Gothic hilt with light infantry bugle and Victorian crown. In 1827, officers of the Rifle Regiments (considered somewhat of an elite) were authorised to carry their own variation of the sword. The blade was that of the 1822 pattern sword (changing, along with the line infantry, to a fullered blade in 1845). The hilt was of the gothic pattern but in steel with the crown and stringed bugle motif of the light infantry replacing the royal cypher. The pattern is still current for the Light Infantry Regiments. Hilt has the typical Light Infantry pierced bugle symbol. Finely etched blade with Queen Victoria's cypher and volunteer rifles. While most regiments fought in tight formation, allowing easy administration of orders; with light infantry working in small groups, in advance of the main line, complicated bugle calls were developed to pass orders. Because of the use of the bugle, rather than the standard line infantry drum, the bugle horn had been the badge of light infantry regiments since 1770, adapted from the Hanoverian Jäger regiments, and became standard for the newly formed Light Infantry regiments, since it represented the bugle calls used for skirmishing orders. While skirmishing, light infantry fought in pairs, so that one soldier could cover the other while loading. Line regiments fired in volleys, but skirmishers fired at will, taking careful aim at targets. While consideration was given to equipping light infantry with rifles, due to their improved accuracy, expected difficulty and expense in obtaining sufficient rifled weapons resulted in the standard infantry musket being issued to most troops. The accuracy of the musket decreased at long range and, since the French chasseurs and voltigeurs also used muskets, it is likely that skirmishers' firefights took place at ranges of only 50 yards (or less). 10 yards provided the accuracy of point-blank range. Although the French infantry (and, earlier, the Americans) frequently used multi-shot and grapeshot in their muskets, the British light infantry used only standard ball ammunition. Light infantry were equipped more lightly than regular line regiments, and marched at 140 paces per minute. Tasks of the light infantry included advance and rear guard action, flanking protection for armies and forward skirmishing. They were also called upon to form regular line formations during battles, or as part of fortification storming parties. During the Peninsular War, they regarded as the army's elite corps.
A Bronze Age Dagger From the Era Of Achilles and Hector Circa 1200 B.C. This is a most handsome ancient bronze long bladed dagger, with a tapering hilt and crescent pommel form, from one of the most fascinating eras in ancient world history, the era of the so called Trojan Wars. The recessed grip panels within the hilt would likely be for slabs of ivory or horn. The ancient Greeks believed the Trojan War was a historical event that had taken place in the 13th or 12th century BC, and believed that Troy was located in modern day Turkey near the Dardanelles. In Greek mythology, the Trojan War was waged against the city of Troy by the Achaeans (Greeks) after Paris of Troy took Helen from her husband Menelaus, the king of Sparta. The war is among the most important events in Greek mythology and was narrated in many works of Greek literature, including Homer's Iliad and the Odyssey . "The Iliad" relates a part of the last year of the siege of Troy, while the Odyssey describes the journey home of Odysseus, one of the Achaean leaders. Other parts of the war were told in a cycle of epic poems, which has only survived in fragments. Episodes from the war provided material for Greek tragedy and other works of Greek literature, and for Roman poets such as Virgil and Ovid. The war originated from a quarrel between the goddesses Athena, Hera, and Aphrodite, after Eris, the goddess of strife and discord, gave them a golden apple, sometimes known as the Apple of Discord, marked "for the fairest". Zeus sent the goddesses to Paris, who judged that Aphrodite, as the "fairest", should receive the apple. In exchange, Aphrodite made Helen, the most beautiful of all women and wife of Menelaus, fall in love with Paris, who took her to Troy. Agamemnon, king of Mycenae and the brother of Helen's husband Menelaus, led an expedition of Achaean troops to Troy and besieged the city for ten years due to Paris' insult. After the deaths of many heroes, including the Achaeans Achilles and Ajax, and the Trojans Hector and Paris, the city fell to the ruse of the Trojan Horse. The Achaeans slaughtered the Trojans (except for some of the women and children whom they kept or sold as slaves) and desecrated the temples, thus earning the gods' wrath. Few of the Achaeans returned safely to their homes and many founded colonies in distant shores. The Romans later traced their origin to Aeneas, one of the Trojans, who was said to have led the surviving Trojans to modern day Italy. This dagger comes from that that great historical period, from the time of the birth of known recorded history, and the formation of great empires, the cradle of civilization, known as The Mycenaean Age, of 1600 BC to 1100 BC. Known as the Bronze Age, it started even centuries before the time of Herodotus, who was known throught the world as the father of history. Mycenae is an archaeological site in Greece from which the name Mycenaean Age is derived. The Mycenae site is located in the Peloponnese of Southern Greece. The remains of a Mycenaean palace were found at this site, accounting for its importance. Other notable sites during the Mycenaean Age include Athens, Thebes, Pylos and Tiryns. According to Homer, the Mycenaean civilization is dedicated to King Agamemnon who led the Greeks in the Trojan War. The palace found at Mycenae matches Homer's description of Agamemnon's residence. The amount and quality of possessions found at the graves at the site provide an insight to the affluence and prosperity of the Mycenaean civilization. Prior to the Mycenaean's ascendancy in Greece, the Minoan culture was dominant. However, the Mycenaeans defeated the Minoans, acquiring the city of Troy in the process. In the greatest collections of the bronze age there are swords exactly as this beautiful example. In the Metropolitan Museum of Art is the bronze sword of King Adad-nirari I, a unique example from the palace of one of the early kings of the period (14th-13th century BC) during which Assyria first began to play a prominent part in Mesopotamian history. Swords daggers and weapons from this era were made within the Persian bronze industry, which was also influenced by Mesopotamia. Luristan, near the western border of Persia, it is the source of many bronzes, such as this piece, that have been dated from 1500 to 500 BC and include chariot or harness fittings, rein rings, elaborate horse bits, and various decorative rings, as well as weapons, personal ornaments, different types of cult objects, and a number of household vessels. A sword, found in the palace of Mallia and dated to the Middle Minoan period (2000-1600 BC), is an example of the extraordinary skill of the Cretan metalworker in casting bronze. The hilt of the sword is of gold-plated ivory and crystal. A dagger blade found in the Lasithi plain, dating about 1800 BC (Metropolitan Museum of Art), is the earliest known predecessor of ornamented dagger blades from Mycenae. It is engraved with two spirited scenes: a fight between two bulls and a man spearing a boar. Somewhat later (c. 1400 BC) are a series of splendid blades from mainland Greece, which must be attributed to Cretan craftsmen, with ornament in relief, incised, or inlaid with varicoloured metals, gold, silver, and niello. The most elaborate inlays--pictures of men hunting lions and of cats hunting birds--are on daggers from the shaft graves of Mycenae, Nilotic scenes showing Egyptian influence. The bronze was oxidized to a blackish-brown tint; the gold inlays were hammered in and polished and the details then engraved on them. The gold was in two colours, a deeper red being obtained by an admixture of copper; and there was a sparing use of neillo. The copper and gold most likely came from the early mine centres, in and around Mesopotamia, [see gallery] and the copper ingots exported to the Cretans for their master weapon makers. This dagger sword is in very nice condition with typical ancient patina encrustations . 36 cm long. Picture in the gallery of Achilles and Penthesella on the Plain of Troy, with Athena, Aphrodite and Eros
A Bronze-Brass Cannon With Iron Carriage Modelled on two Relief Dragon A Victorian, most decorative piece, of a bronze barrel on cast iron carriage with heavy disc wheels, gun carriage is in a nicely rendered form of two winged dragons; the barrel has a raised medallion depicting a mounted knight; a very hefty model weighing nearly 25 lbs.
A Byzantine (Eastern Roman) 6th - 11th Cent. A.D. This kind of axe is a typical axe for infantryman, similar and a somewhat similar correspondent to the type 1 of the classification made by the Kirpichnikov for the Russian axes. Particularly, it seems akin to the specimens of Goroditsche and Opanowitschi, dated in the turn of 10th - 11th centuries however, its shape is slightly different, and considering the strong influence of the Roman Armies on the Russian ones in 11th century, a local prototype used in the Balkan wars of Basil II (976-1025). The general Nikephoros Ouranos remembers in his Taktika (56, 4) that small axes were used at the waist of the selected archers of infantry : "…You must select proficient archers - the so called psiloi - four thousand. These men must have fifty arrows each in their quivers, two bows, small shields and extra bowstrings. Let them also have swords at the waist, or axes, or slings in their belts…". The axe was inserted in its wooden shaft and fixed to it by means of dilatation of the wood, dampened by water. The Byzantine Empire is the great Greek-language Christian empire that emerged after 395AD from the eastern part of the Roman Empire, Thanks to efficient government and clever diplomacy that divided its many enemies, the empire survived. Much diminished after 1204 AD when it was sacked by Christian Crusaders from the west en route to liberate Jerusalem, it finally fell to the Turks in 1453--indeed its fall is often used to date the end of the Middle Ages. Its capital was Constantinople, built on the site of the Greek colony of Byzantium and which is now known as Istanbul). The center of Orthodox Christianity, it is famous as well for its art and culture. The inhabitants of the empire referred to themselves as 'Romans' and considered themselves as such, the term 'Byzantine' not being used to describe the empire and its peoples until the seventeenth century, but after the seventh century the language of empire changed from Latin to Greek.
A Cased Pair of Very Fine 19th Century 1840's Dueling Pistols Possibly made for Salles of Marseilles by G. Beuret et Fils, Liege. Excellent finest quality pistols such as these are typical examples made by Beuret and retailed by Salles, with lock left unnamed for Salles to add there company name if desired by the buyer. A simply stunning quality pair of French pattern duelling pistols of large calibre, with rifled Damascus twist octagonal barrels, with hooked breeches, with Liege proofs. The engraving is of the first division, with superb detailing of flowers and shells in great profusion and extravagance. The actions are crisp and as tight as a drum. Finest carved walnut stocks with microchequered grips and scalloped and flowered for end. All the steel has elements of original bluing and case hardening present. Fine percussion locks with set triggers, one with replaced hammer, in their original, fitted, oak case, with wooden barrel shaped mallet, a pair of rammer and cleaning rods with jag and percussion cap tin. Powder flask, turn screw and nipple key. As is usual with French style Dueling Pistols, they are far more extravagant than their English or Irish counterparts. The French taste displaying considerably more extravagance, and a more outward display of expense and quality, the English preference being for reserved simplicity. The original case woodwork is superb in finest oak, and in excellent condition, set with a very fine engraved escutcheon plate. While frequently forbidden by law, the tradition of dueling to resolve personal differences or restore honor was well established in both Europe and America of the 1800s. In the United States, dueling was a publicly declaimed, yet clandestinely observed activity that involved many Presidents, Senators and other statesmen or military officers. Not until 1883 did Congress pass a bill banning dueling within the District of Columbia. The arm of choice in Great Britain, France and America was the muzzle loading single-shot pistol, presented as identical pairs, and cased with a variety of specialized loading and cleaning accoutrements. Handcrafted for superb balance, these smoothbore pistols were made by some of the world’s finest gunsmiths. Seconds in a duel would prepare the firearms for the confrontation of the principals. The choice of a site depended on geography with many duels being fought on isolated sandbars or islands where maximum privacy was possible. A formal duel was a carefully choreographed affair, with a series of steps (the code duello) followed by the parties. In addition to the principals and seconds, a surgeon was also required to be in attendance. After the initial exchange of shots at ten paces without effect, both parties could elect to move closer or end the affair with honour upheld. A temporary exhibit in the galleries of the National Firearms Museum of America now offers visitors the rare opportunity to see the finest dueling pistols from many renowned British and Continental arms makers, with cased pairs just as these as part of the display. This cased set has been sent for lock servicing and to have a small crack in the lid restored. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Celtic, Iron, Votive Axe Circa 50 b.c. to 50 a.d. Around 2000 years old. A good and rare ancient Celtic museum piece. Used as a small Axe, set within a wooden haft, and carried as a token of good luck, then, it would be cast into a sacred lake or river as a offering to the Gods. In a well preserved condition. 65mm x 76mm.
A Charming British Bronze - Age Socket and Loop Axe Head. This piece dates from circa 900-800 BC, and still has its original binding loop in place. Some scaling and wear can be seen to the cutting edge. See Moore, C.N. and Rowlands, M. Bronze Age Metalwork in Salisbury Museum. Found in Derbyshire in the 1960's. Bronze implements were cast in moulds of stone or clay, or bronze, and then finished by hammering. The craftspeople of this period achieved extremely fine results, comparable to the best of any period since; embossing or ornamenting their work with designs. Although bronze was used for weapons and cutting tools, it was a highly versatile product and was used for making everything from mirrors to statues. Generally considered to be an alloy of copper and tin, (roughly 90% and 10%, respectively;) the mixture to make bronze often varied and included other metals in the mix such as lead and silver. An early classification by W. Graham of alloys of copper and tin: 12 to 20 parts copper with 1 of tin yield red coloured alloys; 5 to 10 parts copper with one of tin yield alloys of strength; 2 to 4 parts copper with 1 of tin yield alloys of sound (bell-metal); half to 1 part copper with 1 of tin yield alloys of reflection (speculum metal). The alloys of strength here referred to include the bronze used for statues.
A Chinese Cloisonne Enamel and Gilt Bronze Dagger straight bladed dagger, this hilt and sheath are both gold washed brass with wire cloisons used to create the compartments, ranging in thickness from around .7mm to 4.5mm, with the larger wire sections. The designs are a mixture of scrollwork, of floral patterns, with elongated tendrils, on a sang de boeof enamel ground, white white, yellows and greens in the floral panels accompanied with small areas of cobalt blue. The floral sections call for special note, having been enameled in blue, transitioning to white, green to white, and small pinkish polychrome areas, with an effect achieved by mixing pink and other colour enamels within a single compartment, without using cloisons [dividers]. Overall length in the sheath is 15.5 inches, with a flared pommel on the grip. Blade [with a single fuller] of 9.75 inches long. Blade has some pitting near the tip.
A Circa.1755 English, British Officer's Take-Down Fusil/Carbine.65 Bore Circa 1755. This is a beautiful private purchase long gun from one of the most interesting eras of British history, the Seven Years War [including the Indian-French War in the Americas] and the War of Independence, from 1776. With superb walnut juglans regia stock, military style lock, a very fine and beautiful silver openwork side plate and a matching rococo silver escutcheon plate. It also has a delightful carved apron at the breech. It has a military form, take-down stock, with an easily removable for end specifically designed for military campaign service. The take-down system was an ingenious way for a long musket to be reduced for military service as a fusil, to carbine length, in order to be fitted into a campaign, wooden gun case. Officers in the 18th and 19th century would often travel for months, or even years at a time on campaign, and all their kit and equipment , including beds, chests, desks and even wardrobes, could be made in manageable removable sections, and reassembled for use [by the other ranks] in their tents or bivouacs on arrival at camp. A most fine, light musket, used from the Indian Wars in America right through to the Napoleonic Wars in the Peninsular and Waterloo, by an officer of means. From the restoration of Charles II to the English throne in 1660. “Field Shooting” became a popular sport among gentry. By the middle of the 18th century the “fowling piece” had developed into a most graceful, slender, and full stocked form. The sporting gun became the pattern for a new class of lightweight military arms. in April of 1769 sergeants of Grenadiers were ordered to carry fusils instead of halberds. When the light infantry companies were raised again as flank companies in 1770-1771 sergeants of light infantry were also ordered to carry fusils. like Officer's fusils, Sergeant's fusils like their superior officers were often privately purchased and will have the lock and barrel markings of private arms, not the ownership, proof, and inspection marks of British Ordnance. Officer's guns were always private purchase, and could be militarised using this take-down system, mostly though, only during the 18th century. In the 19th century guns were made shorter, in the carbine length, which negated the necessity of the take-down, although we have seen later guns from the 19th century with this adjustment. Take-down guns for officers of the 18th century are very rare to survive, and we are only able to find them around one or two a decade. O/L 48.5 inches As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Civil War Remington New Model Army Revolver .44 CF.Remington Conversion The Cartridge Conversions are a most important part of sixgun history spanning the time frame between percussion revolvers and the Colt Peacemaker the Colt Single Action Army, and the Remington Single Action Army the Russian and Schofield. This fact has also been discovered to some degree by the movie makers and is starting to show up in more and more movies. Original Cartridge Conversions remaining from the 1860's and 1870's show evidence of being well used giving further evidence to their importance. We may live in a throwaway world but those inhabitants of the last century did not. Why discard a perfectly good gun when it could be easily converted to fire the 'modern' ammunition? Thousands of men of the Wild West found themselves armed with perfectly good cap-n-ball sixguns when both Colt and Smith & Wesson brought forth their cartridge firing sixguns. Most of those first new cartirdge taking guns went to the military so it was a natural step for a cap-n-ball shooter to step over into cartridge firing territory by having his sixgun converted. A super pistol in fully working order with a converted percussion cylinder and a separate ring for the .44 Russian/Remington cartridges. Clear maker's address. This is one of the very few Wild West big cartridge revolvers that collectors in the UK can own without license and without deactivation, as it's cartridge was declared obsolete under section 58,2 of the UK firearms legislation. Shown with an inert, antique .44 Russian round in the cylinder, for information only that round is not included
A Combat Weight 1796 Heavy Cavalry Officer's Broadsword Sword By Runkel Blade made and signed by Runkel of Solingen. A very good example of these most desirable of George IIIrd swords used by an officer in the heavy cavalry. However, this rare example has a substantial broadsword combat weight blade that is most impressive. The 'Boat Shell hilt' in very good order, with it's original multi wire bound grip [the wire is loosely tight], single fullered broadsword double. This is the pattern of sabre as was used by officer's of the Scots Greys, as part of the Union Brigade [so called as it was made up of a regiment of Heavy Cavalry from each part of Britain] were some of the finest heavy Cavalry in Europe and certainly one of the most feared. A quote of Napoleon of the charge at the Battle of Waterloo goes; "Ces terribles chevaux gris! Comme il travaillent!" (Those terrible grey horses, how they strive!) At approximately 1:30 pm, the second phase of the Battle of Waterloo opened. Napoleon launched D'Erlon's corps against the allied centre left. After being stopped by Picton's Peninsular War veterans, D'Erlon's troops came under attack from the side by the heavy cavalry commanded by Earl of Uxbridge including Major General Sir William Ponsonby's Scots Greys. The shocked ranks of the French columns surrendered in their thousands. During the charge Sergeant Ewart, of the Greys, captured the eagle of the French 45th Ligne. The Greys charged too far and, having spiked some of the French cannon, came under counter-attack from enemy cavalry. Ponsonby, who had chosen to ride one of his less expensive mounts, was ridden down and killed by enemy lancers. The Scots Greys' casualties included: 102 killed; 97 wounded; and the loss of 228 of the 416 horses that started the charge. This engagement also gave the Scots Greys their cap badge, the eagle itself. The eagle is displayed in the Royal Scots Dragoon Guards museum in Edinburgh Castle. The swords maker was Runkel, a famous and notorious gentleman of the 18th and 19th century as a supplyer of sword blades for British Officers. He was most interestingly, however, also infamous for being imprisoned in Newgate Prison, at least once, for evading import duty and other 'dubious' practices, probably bribery.
A Complete 19th Century Bushman's Hunting Set Of Bow, Arrows and Quiver A fabulous original antique set, worthy of the Pitt Rivers Museum in Oxford. Arrows complete with steel heads. A typical and complete high quality 19th century bushman's hunting bow set. The indigenous people of Southern Africa, whose territory spans most areas of South Africa, Zimbabwe, Lesotho, Mozambique, Swaziland, Botswana, Namibia, and Angola, are variously referred to as Bushmen, San, Sho, Basarwa, Kung, or Khwe. The Bushmen are part of the Khoisan group. Though related to the traditionally pastoral Khoikhoi, they were traditionally hunter-gatherers. A set of tools almost identical to that used by the modern San Bushmen and dating to 44,000 BP was discovered at Border Cave in KwaZulu-Natal in 2012. Historical evidence shows that certain Bushmen communities have always lived in the desert regions of the Kalahari. However, nearly all other Bushmen communities in southern Africa were eventually forced into this region.
A Continental Duelling Pistol, Percussion Action & Rifled Barrel Fine walnut stock finely scroll and pattern inlaid barrel. Excellent action, steel mounts all finely engraved, circa 1840. The golden era of the dueling pistol in Britain lasted from around 1770 to 1850. By 1780 it was stated that "pistols are the weapons now generally made use of." Robert Wogdon was the most celebrated of the manufacturers of pistols, whose object was to make a nicely balanced, fine handling, accurate and often intentionally beautiful pistol. Wogdon began working as a gunmaker in London in 1765 and opened a shop in the fashionable Haymarket at the end of 1774. Atkinson estimates the number of lives claimed by Wogdon pistols in the "many hundreds," earning Wogdon the sobriquet of the "patron of that leaden death." One of the most famous duels in United States history took place on July 11, 1804 between Aaron Burr and Alexander Hamilton at Weehawken, New Jersey. Hamilton, the former Treasury secretary died as a result of his wound, former Vice President Burr was indicted for murder but not prosecuted. Three years earlier Alexander Hamilton's son had been killed in duel at the same spot using the same set of tricked-out .544 caliber Wogdon pistols. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Delightful Brass Cannon Barrel Blunderbuss Pistol, Silver Inlay Stock From the turn of the 18th century, a most attractive pocket blunderbuss boxlock flintlock pistol with a very nice bell mouth cannon formed barrel. The carved walnut stock is half chequered and inlaid with a silver starburst on either side. Good tight action. A typical pistol well desired by ship's captains, for use as a close quarter weapon, for wide spread dispersed shot when loaded with buck shot instead of single ball. Ideal as an anti mutiny weapon or boarding pistol alongside a cutlass.
A Delightful Wild West Era Marlin No. 32 Standard 1875 Pocket Revolver. .32 Rinfire Revolver. John Mahlon Marlin was born on May 6, 1836 near Windsor Locks, Connecticut. At the age of 18, he became an apprentice machinist with the American Machine Works. He later served as a machinist with Colt Patent Firearms of Hartford. In 1863, during the Civil War he started his own pistol manufacturing business in New Haven, concentrating on production of a small single-shot Deringers. Marlin expanded his efforts to include revolver in 1870, after the expiration of Rollin White's cylinder patents. This type of pocket revolver made a great hideaway gun for a gambler. Side of the barrel marked "J.M. Marlin New-Haven CT. Pat July 1, 1873" This is a .32 calibre five shot revolver that utilizes the rim fire metallic cartridge. It was manufactured circa 1875 to 1887. This is a nickel plated revolver with about 95% nickel remaining. The barrel swings upward to allow the cylinder to be removed for loading and unloading. A rammer pin located below the barrel is intended to assist in unloading spent cartridges. It has hard rubber grips with cross chequering anda star emblem, and they are in excellent shape. The gun is excellent working condition.
A Dyak's Mandau Headhunting Sword A Mandau of the Dayak people, of Kalimantan, Indonesia. Wooden sheath with upper and lower surfaces carved in relief with matching motif, bound with wonderfully woven reed wraps. The last photo in the gallery is a period photo of an indigenous Head Hunter, holding his 'prize', achieved with his Mandau.[Photo not included] This Mandau (sometimes also called “Parang Ihlang”) is the traditional sword of the Dyak tribes of Borneo. It was primarily associated with the Head Hunting tradition of the Dyaks. Carved wooden hilt, rattan bound scabbard. Traditional blade with convex obverse and concave reverse.The blade was apparently designed in such a way as the head could be decapitated more easily by a swinging arc while running. Likely late 19th century, and into the 20th century period.
A Early Antique Superb Bearded Axe. Extremely Effective Blade With good armourer's mark struck on blade face. Slightly bent blade. Triangular socket. Rehafted. Heavy stout blade of very good form. A most similar Battle Axe in the Staadtsmuseum in Munich is shown in the gallery. All axes at that time also doubled as working tools, when appropriate, for iron was a hugely valuable commodity before the Industrial Revolution and extremely costly to make.
A Eli Whitney Conversion Cartridge Revolver of the American Civil War Good action, originally percussion but converted to 32 cal rimfire cartridge. A very sound solid frame revolver it was a very good competitor to Colt's pocket revolver, but with a more stable solid frame, similar to Remington's revolver frame. This pistol was converted at the tail end of the war to take the more modern cartridge, which made it a useful contender to the post war Wild West market, of the late 60's and 70s. Eli Whitney (December 8, 1765 – January 8, 1825) was an American inventor best known for inventing the cotton gin. This was one of the key inventions of the Industrial Revolution and shaped the economy of the antebellum South. Whitney's invention made upland short cotton into a profitable crop, which strengthened the economic foundation of slavery in the United States (regardless of whether Whitney intended that or not). Despite the social and economic impact of his invention, Whitney lost many profits in legal battles over patent infringement for the cotton gin. Thereafter, he turned his attention into securing contracts with the government in the manufacture of muskets for the newly formed continental army. He continued making arms and inventing until his death in 1825. Eli Whitney, Jr., son of the inventor of the cotton gin, was born in New Haven, CT, where he attended the public schools and was fitted for college. Entering Princeton he was graduated in the class of 1841. The following year he took his father's business, for the manufacture of arms for the United States government. As Eli Whitney introduced mass production techniques, Whitney firearms were among the first products so made. In 1856 he ceased this branch of his manufacturing business, but resumed it again at the breaking out of the civil war in 1861, and continued it until 1866. The Whitney Arms Company had manufactured thousands of muskets, rifles and revolvers of the most improved models. The company also made many thousands of military arms for foreign governments, including muzzle-loading, breech-loading, magazine and repeating rifles. Mr. Whitney has been a member of both branches of the New Haven city government and a member of the board of public works. He was appointed one of the commissioners of the English exposition of 1862. He constructed from 1859 to 1861 the New Haven Water Works, and much of the work was done on his own credit, though built on contract for the New Haven Water Company, which organization he created. He made many improvements in fire arms of all sorts and patented them, and had made improvements in machinery for making arms. He was on the Republican electoral ticket in Connecticut as presidential elector at large in the November election of 1892; resided 29 Elm St., New Haven, CT. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Fabulous 16/17th C Indian Shishpar or Gorz Flanged Mace With Khandar Hilt Also known as Gorz. With hollow haft and pointed spike finial, 16th to 17th century all steel. Eight flanged head. With the Hindu style khandar hilt. Probably from Rajasthan. Despite successive waves of Muslim conquest, Rajasthan remained predominately Hindu. It was divided into a number of small states centred around fortified cities such as Jaipur, Jodhpur and Udaipur, all of which had their own armouries that a few of these survive within today. The Gorz is a weapon often mentioned and variously described in Iranian myths and epic. In classical Persian texts, particularly in Ferdowsi’s Šha-nama , it is characterized as the decisive weapon of choice in fateful battles, and to kill the dragon of Kašafrud; by Gev, in the expedition to Mazandaran. In Indian mythology, Indra owns a club/mace (vajra-) called the Thunderbolt of Indra and made of the bones of Risi Dadici, a sacred figure in the Vedic literature. It has been also referred to by many other names and descriptions, including sky-borne, splitter, destructive
A Fabulous 17th to 18th Century Indo Persian Moghul Tulwar Battle Sword A Moghul, Islamic sword. With a very good steel blade with an armourer's mark. All steel hilt with single bar guard, lined cap pommel. Strong and powerful blade of substance. Circa 1650. Emperor Aurangzeb [or Muhiuddin Mohammed] was the last significant Mughal emperor. His reign lasted from 1658 to 1707. During this phase, the empire had reached its largest geographical expansion. Nevertheless it was during this time period that the first sign of decline of the great Moghul Empire was noticed. The reasons were many. The bureaucracy became corrupted and the army implemented outdated tactics and obsolete weaponry. The Moghul Empire was descended from Turko-Mongol, Rajput and Persian origins. It reigned a significant part of the subcontinent of Asia from the initial part of the 16th century to the middle of the 19th century. When it was at the peak of its power, around the 18th century, it controlled a major part of the Asian subcontinent and portions of the current Afghanistan. To understand it's wealth and influence, in 1600 the Emperor Akbar had revenues from his empire of £17.5 million pounds, and 200 years later, in 1800, the exchequer of the entire British Empire had revenues of just £16 million pounds.
A Fabulous Anglo-Indian Cavalry Officer's Sabre by Robert Mole This is a singularly fine quality example, with a maker's panel etched into the blade, by Robert Mole of Sheffield. And the makers mark struck at the forte. It also bears an ordnance inspection mark on the scabbard. Steel hilt with fishskin bound grip. A large sweeping blade based on the 1796 Light Dragoon pattern, steel mounted hard leather scabbard with the 1885 pattern double ring throat mount. A three bar hilted sabre in the 1821 pattern style that was commissioned for the Anglo-Indian cavalry in the 1890's and used into WW1. Many were made for the Sudan campaign, with contracts awarded to Thurkle, Wilkinson and Mole. This is the same type as used by the Bengal Lancers [and others] in the cavalry charge at Neuve Chappelles, WW1. This is without question one of the best we have seen, and of far superior quality than often more usually appear. This sword's blade has had the regimental armourer's pre battle sharpening to the edge and forte by the scabbard throat. The last picture in the gallery is of a most similar sword, that now resides in the National Army Museum collection. It is a Cavalry Officer's sword belonging to Lieutenant (later Brigadier-General) John Burnard Edwards, 2nd Central Indian Horse, 1881. Made by Edward Thurkle. The blade of this sword is also of the Pattern 1796 Light Cavalry sword, and has an extremely sharp, slashing edge. The weapon also it's 1821 Pattern three bar guard and a wooden scabbard covered in leather, but note, his sword has the pre 1885 non-ringed throat mount, our sword has the 1885 ringed throat mount that was added to the swords and the blade adapted to fit the slightly smaller throat opening of the ringed mount.
A Fabulous Original Wild West 1874 Smith& Wesson 'Russian' Revolver Nicely tight and crisp action, good revolution, original walnut grips. Butt marked with lozenge stamp of model date 1874. Barrel address with full Smith & Wesson address patents and Russian model name. Overall surface wear but a most honest original example of these behemoths of the gunslinger's arsenal of weaponry. Initially designed at the behest of the Russian Czar's representative for arms procurement, General Alexander Gorloff, the 44 Russian Calibre Pistol became one of the best, most efficient guns ever made. Although initially ordered [and thus named] for the Russian Czar's army they became so renown for their ability they became the weapon of choice for the American frontiersmen. This revolver has a 6.5 inch barrel, frame fully nickle plated, a true Wild West cowboy revolver. Among one of the big 44 Smith 7 Wesson owner's was Cole Younger. His Smith & Wesson was surrendered by Cole Younger at the abortive robbery of the First Bank of Northfield, Minnesota in September 1876 by the Younger - James Gang. Jesse James was assassinated with an 'Old Model' owned by Bob Ford, and notorious outlaw John Wesley Hardin killed a Texas Lawman with his 'Old Model' 44 Russian Smith & Wesson. The story of the Younger - James Gang goes as follows; After the Civil War Jessie and his brother Frank James became outlaws and established a gang that included Jessie James, Bob Younger, Cole Younger, James Younger, Bill Chadwell, Clell Miller and Charlie Pitts. On 13th February, 1866, the gang robbed a bank at Liberty, Missouri. Over the next few years the brothers took part in twelve bank robberies, seven train robberies, four stage-coach robberies and various other criminal acts. During these crimes at least eleven citizens were killed by the gang. As well as their home state of Missouri they were also active in West Virginia, Alabama, Arkansas, Iowa, Kansas and Minnesota. On 7th September, 1876, the gang attempted to rob the First National Bank in Northfield, Minnesota. During the raid Jessie James killed the cashier, Lee Heywood. Members of the town decided to fight back and they opened fire on the gang. Bill Chadwell, Clell Miller and Charlie Pitts were killed whereas Bob Younger, Cole Younger and James Younger, were all wounded and captured. Cole Youngers 'Old Model' pistol was captured then. Jessie James and Frank James were also wounded but managed to get away from Northfield. After this disaster Jessie decided to go into hiding. Jessie took the name J. D. Howard and rented a home in Nashville, Tennessee. He also began to recruit a new gang that included Robert Ford, Charlie Ford and Dick Liddel. On 8th October, 1879, Jessie James and his gang held up the Chicago & Alton Railroad at Glendale, Missouri and stole $6,000. This was followed by other raids, in one, at Blue Cut, Missouri, in September, 1881, the gang killed the conductor and a pensioner. The Governor of Missouri, Thomas Crittenden, now responded by offering a reward of $10,000 for the capture of Jessie James. Robert Ford, a member of the Jessie James gang, contacted Governor Crittenden and offered his services in order to gain this reward. On 3rd April, 1882, Ford visited Jessie James in his home and when he stood on a chair to straighten a picture on the wall, he shot him in the back of the head with his 'Old Model' Smith and Wesson revolver. Ford was found guilty of murder and sentenced to death. Two hours later he was pardoned by Crittenden and given his reward. Jesse James had a Smith and Wesson, also extremely similar, and there is a photo of his gun [with his hand-shortened barrel] that was displayed by Merle Gill, a ballistics expert with the Kansas City police department. Gill's collection of guns and artifacts were collected, starting in the 1920s, by him, and he displayed them in the back of his truck at state and county fairs until J.M. Davis acquired them in the early 1940s. There is also a photo of Cole Younger's gun from the front cover of John Walters book 'The Guns that Won the West', This is one of the very few Wild West big cartridge revolvers that collectors in the UK can own without license and without deactivation as it was declared obsolete under section 58,2 of the UK firearms legislation.
A Fabulous RN Medal With A Royal Naval 1870 Lead Cutter Cutlass The monster of a size, 4th type with a 34.25 inch blade, also with the Chief Petty Officer's King George Vth solid silver Long Service Good Conduct Medal, HMS Blenheim. The Royal Navy CPO served on HMS Blenheim, and this Cruiser was present on the China Station during the Boxer Rebellion, and later in WW1 at Gallipoli. The Royal Navy Long Service & Good Conduct Medal was introduced on 24 August 1831. It is silver and circular in shape. The medal of 1831 had on its obverse side an anchor surmounted by a crown and enclosed in an oak wreath. The medal's reverse side was engraved with the recipient's details. The silver medal has changed dimensions and ribbon colour twice during its period of issue. The original medal of 1831 was 34mm in diameter and was suspended from a ring by a dark blue ribbon. In 1848 the medal became 36mm in diameter with a dark blue ribbon with white edges. A narrow suspender was introduced in 1874. The Long Service & Good Conduct Medal (Navy) evolved into the the pattern of 1848. The obverse of the medal shows the effigy of the reigning monarch, while the reverse shows the image of a three-masted man-of-war surrounded by a rope tied at the foot with a reef knot with the words 'For Long service and Good Conduct' around the circumference. An Other Rank who completes 15 years of reckonable service from the date of attestation or age 17½, whichever is later, and who holds all three good conduct badges, shall be eligible to receive the medal. However, there are a number of offences which would normally preclude award of the LS&GCM. Awards are only made after a thorough check of a sailor's record of service. The Wilkinson marked sword is a massive bladed Victorian Naval sword that is in nice order for it's age and a fabulous cutlass of amazing presence.
A Fabulous, Late 17th to Early 18th Century English Gold Inlaid Small Sword A signally fine and early English small sword and one of the earliest of the small sword form, that was replacing the fashion of the long, swept hilt and dish rapiers, of the old Tudor and Stuart eras. It has a superb gold inlaid steel hilt with incredible detail and profusion. Elaborate and complex detailing of roccoco tedrils throughout the knucklebow, double shell guards and pas dans. The quillon terminates in a serpent's head. The pommel is similarly inlaid with gold tendrils and two statuesque busts and a Romanesque armoured figure mounted on horsback. These figures are repeated on the inner and outer shells and quillon block. It has a most fine colishmarde blade, finely engraved. Original plaited silver multi wire bound grip, terminating with Turk's head knots. The colichemarde bladed swords had a special popularity with the officers right into the French and Indian 7 Years War period. Even George Washington carried a very example. The colichemarde descended from the so-called "transition rapier", which appeared because of a need for a lighter sword, better suited to parrying. It was not so heavy at its point; it was shorter and allowed a limited range of double time moves.The colichemarde in turn appeared as a thrusting blade too and also with a good parrying level, hence the strange, yet successful shape of the blade. This sword appeared at about the same time as the foil. However the foil was created for practising fencing at court, while the colichemarde was created for dueling. With the appearance of pocket pistols as a self-defense weapon, the colichemardes found an even more extensive use in dueling. This was achieved thanks to a wide forte (often with several fullers), which then stepped down in width after the fullers ended.The result of this strange shape was a higher maneuverability of the sword: with the weight of the blade concentrated in one's hand it became possible to maneuver the blade at a greater speed and with a higher degree of control, allowing the fencer to place a precise thrust at his/her adversary. This sword is a true and most extravagent work of art, in it's beauty form, quality and balance. The cost of such fine craftsmanship cannot be over emphasized. In France the Kings of France often presented such swords as gifts to visiting Kings and dignatories, and to loyal nobility. In the 18th century such a coparable sword might cost up to from between 20,000 to 50,000 Louis, which represented up to 25,000 days, or 68 years pay, for a peasant labourer, who would have been paid at the time only up to 2 Louis a day.
A Fabulous, Original, George IIIrd British 4 Pounder Carronade Cannon As used on Nelson's ship, HMS Agamemnon, from 1793, when he served under Lord Hood in the Mediterranean fleet , and began to make his reputation as England's finest and most famous Admiral. Agamemnon fought in the battle of Trafalgar in 1805 and sailed the globe, wreaking havoc off every continent for more than 20 years. Nelson loved the responsive vessel, built by master shipbuilder Henry Adams in Bucklers Hard, near Beaulieu in the New Forest in 1777. Painting HMS Agamemnon in the Mediterranean by Geoff Hunt He met Lady Hamilton in Naples while serving as captain and wooed her on board the vessel he commanded between 1793 and 1796. But it was on board the Agamemnon that he lost the sight of his right eye during the siege of Calvi in 1794. The ship proved vital not only at Trafalgar, but at the battles of Saintes and Copenhagen. Later it led the British in the battle of Santa Domingo in South American waters before being wrecked in 1809 near Gorriti Island in Maldonado Bay. Two famous ships carried 10 4pounder cannon . HMS Indefatigable & Agamemnon – These were both ships of the Ardent-class of 3rd Rate, 64-gun line ships. These were 46m long on the gun deck, with a 40.13m long keel and 13.51m wide beam. The Indefatigable was launched in 1784 with 26 x 24lb guns on the lower deck, 26 x 18lb guns on the upper deck, 10 x 4lb guns on the quarter deck, and 2 x 9lb guns on the forecastle. Famous under Captain Sir Edward Pellew, the Indefatigable captured some 27 prizes over her service. Between 1794 and 1795, the Indefatigable (and Agamemnon) were raised to 38 guns and reclassified as a frigate. Iron barrel, approx 44.5 inches long, cast with Royal Crown and '4'. Weight approx 200 Kilos. No carriage. We are having our gunstock maker estimating the cost of a replacement carriage, however we have much of the carriage's original ironwork. This is, condition wise, one of the best examples we have ever seen.
A Fascinating Bronze Age Spear or Lance Around 3400 Years Old It is mounted on an early haft in the early wire bound manner. The old haft is a later replacement. Spearheads were mostly made in two-piece moulds which have been found in Ireland and the Highlands. During the Early Bronze Age soft stone moulds were used but in the late Bronze Age clay moulds became more popular. There is no evidence to indicate that bronze moulds were used to cast spearheads. After casting a spearhead would have been finished, hammered and occasionally decorated. The remains of hafts are occasionally recovered inside spearheads and they indicate that hafts were mostly made of ash and pinewood. Looped spearheads were probably secured by a cord or leather thong. Pegged spearheads would have been pegged to the spear haft by bronze or wooden pegs. The variation of spearhead size indicates they may have been used for different purposes. For example smaller spearheads may have been thrown while larger ones may have been used as thrusting weapons. Evidence suggests that they were used in warfare and hunting. Some large decorative and barbed spearheads may have been used in ceremonies as appear to be too large and valuable for fighting or hunting. Like many weapons, a spear may also be a symbol of power. In the Chinese martial arts community, the Chinese spear is popularly known as the "king of weapons". The Celts would symbolically destroy a dead warrior's spear either to prevent its use by another or as a sacrificial offering. In classical Greek mythology Zeus' bolts of lightning may be interpreted as a symbolic spear. Some would carry that interpretation to the spear that frequently is associated with Athena, interpreting her spear as a symbolic connection to some of Zeus' power beyond the Aegis once he rose to replacing other deities in the pantheon. Athena was depicted with a spear prior to that change in myths, however. Chiron's wedding-gift to Peleus when he married the nymph Thetis in classical Greek mythology, was an ashen spear as the nature of ashwood with its straight grain made it an ideal choice of wood for a spear. The Romans and their early enemies would force prisoners to walk underneath a 'yoke of spears', which humiliated them. The yoke would consist of three spears, two upright with a third tied between them at a height which made the prisoners stoop. It has been surmised that this was because such a ritual involved the prisoners' warrior status being taken away. Alternatively, it has been suggested that the arrangement has a magical origin, a way to trap evil spirits.The word subjugate has its origins in this practice In Norse Mythology, the God Odin's spear (named Gungnir) was made by the sons of Ivaldi. It had the special property that it never missed its mark. During the War with the Vanir, Odin symbolically threw Gungnir into the Vanir host. This practice of symbolically casting a spear into the enemy ranks at the start of a fight was sometimes used in historic clashes, to seek Odin's support in the coming battle. In Wagner's opera Siegfried, the haft of Gungnir is said to be from the "World-Tree" Yggdrasil. Other spears of religious significance are the Holy Lance and the Lúin of Celtchar, believed by some to have vast mystical powers. Sir James George Frazer in The Golden Bough noted the phallic nature of the spear and suggested that in the Arthurian Legends the spear or lance functioned as a symbol of male fertility, paired with the Grail (as a symbol of female fertility). The picture in the gallery is of the Norse god Odin, carrying the spear Gungnir on his ride to Hel, note the thickness of the haft and the binding of the tang. The central rib has had an old repair on the blade. Blade 15.5 inches long [not including tang]
A Fine "Tower of London" Front Rank 'Brown Bess' Crown GR Musket The form of superior British Infantry musket used only by front line regiments in the British army throughout the entire Napoleonic Wars, Peninsular War, the American War of 1812 and The Battle of Waterloo era. An 1800's 'Tower of London' Brown Bess Musket, Front Line regt Issue, fine walnut stock with superb patina, traditional brass furniture, 39 inch barrel with ordnance view and proof of 1790, crown ordnance stamp to barrel tang. The mainstay of British Infantry, used in the famous British 'Squares' at Waterloo and all the famous battles of the Napoleonic Wars. Good overall condition, and a fine and highly collectable piece. The nickname 'Brown Bess' started in the 1740's. Early uses of the term include the newspaper, the Connecticut Courant in April 1771, which said "…but if you are afraid of the sea, take Brown Bess on your shoulder and march." This familiar use must indicate widespread use of the term by that time. The 1785 Dictionary of Vulgar Tongue, a contemporary work which defined vernacular and slang terms, contained this entry: "Brown Bess: A soldier's firelock. To hug Brown Bess; to carry a fire-lock, or serve as a private soldier.". Rudyard Kipling, wrote in 1911 "In the days of lace-ruffles, perukes, and brocade Brown Bess was a partner whom none could despise - An out-spoken, flinty-lipped, brazen-faced jade, With a habit of looking men straight in the eyes - At Blenheim and Ramillies, fops would confess They were pierced to the heart by the charms of Brown Bess. ” As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables.
A Fine 1690 Smallsword With a Finely Embossed Bronze Shell Guard Hilt As used by the infamous and notorious Privateers of the late 17th to early 18th century. In very nice overall condition with a signed double edged armourer's marked blade by Hn.Vincent. Cast bronze hilt beautifully relief decorated with cornucopia and seated figures bearing baskets of fruit. A most beautiful sword made from the era of King William IIIrd, and the Battle of the Boyne, through to the 7 years War, known as the French Indian Wars in Europe and America, and into the American War of Independence in the 1770's. The form of sword that was carried and used by gentleman and officers for almost 100 years. It is said they were particulaly popular with the infamous maritime Privateers, and Buccaneers, who, in the most part, became notorious around the world as the Pirates of the Spanish Maine, such as Captain's William Kidd, George Booth, Edward Teach [Blackbeard] & Henry Jennings, or Capt. Bartholomew Roberts, as he is to be seen, in a period engraving, in the gallery, carrying the very same sword. 28.5 inch blade.
A Fine 17th Century Italian Stilletto With all steel hilt and triangular triple edged slender blade. Hounds head quillon baluster grip. A truly elegant piece of great style.
A Fine 3rd Pattern 'Brown Bess' Crown GR Musket By Samuel J.Galton The form of superior British Infantry musket used only by regiments in the British army throughout the entire Napoleonic Wars, Peninsular War, the American War of 1812 and The Battle of Waterloo era. An 1800's Brown Bess Musket, regt Issue, good walnut stock with nice patina, traditional brass furniture, 39 inch barrel with ordnance view and proof mark. Good flintlock action with makers name and GR crown. The mainstay of British Infantry, used in the famous British 'Squares' at Waterloo and all the famous battles of the Napoleonic Wars. Good overall condition, and a fine and highly collectable piece. The nickname 'Brown Bess' started in the 1740's. Early uses of the term include the newspaper, the Connecticut Courant in April 1771, which said "…but if you are afraid of the sea, take Brown Bess on your shoulder and march." This familiar use must indicate widespread use of the term by that time. The 1785 Dictionary of Vulgar Tongue, a contemporary work which defined vernacular and slang terms, contained this entry: "Brown Bess: A soldier's firelock. To hug Brown Bess; to carry a fire-lock, or serve as a private soldier.". Rudyard Kipling, wrote in 1911 "In the days of lace-ruffles, perukes, and brocade Brown Bess was a partner whom none could despise - An out-spoken, flinty-lipped, brazen-faced jade, With a habit of looking men straight in the eyes - At Blenheim and Ramillies, fops would confess They were pierced to the heart by the charms of Brown Bess. ” Areas of field repairs to stock near wrist. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables.
A Fine and Rare Caucasian Cossack Pistol 18th to 19th Century Fine striped wood stock possibly elm. Overlaid with decorated metalwork. Shortened steel barrel and typical miquelet lock and ball trigger. During the French Revolutionary War the Don and Ural Cossacks were in the vanguard of the Austrian and Russian armies in 1799, their military prowess soon got the attention of Europe and the Russians under Marshal Suvorov proved equal to the French armies. Western Europe also felt the depredation of the Cossacks for the first time as they foraged for food, taking what they needed from the local population. In 1800 the Russian armies returned home. The Cossacks next military campaign saw them thrust into one of the strangest schemes of Tsar Paul I, known to his subjects as the “Madman”. After renouncing an alliance with Britain, Paul’s plan, hatched in conjunction with Napoleon, was to attack India and retake lost French holdings from the British. A force of 22,000 Don Cossacks was assembled under the command of Cossack Major-General Matvei Platov, General Basel Orlov led the expedition. The expedition set off on 12 January 1801 in the depths of winter, their aim to march to Bukhara on the Silk Road, through Afghanistan to northern India then down the Ganges. Buy the time that had cleared the Steppe and entered the deserts of central Asia their supplies had already dwindled, but they were reprieved when a messenger caught them three weeks into the trek. Paul had been assassinated and the expedition was called off. A march to certain death had been avoided. The new Tsar Alexander I was soon involved in war in Europe and in 1805 Cossacks were at the head of a Russian army heading for Austria to aid them against Napoleon. During the intervening years Alexander had increased the number of Cossacks in service to 50 Regiments totalling 50,000 men, over half from the Don. Cossack uniforms were standardised to some extent and some Cossacks served as infantry and horse artillery. For the Russians the battle of Austerlitz was a disaster, but the Russian army would improve and its Generals would become more able to deal with Napoleon’s style of war. From 1805 to 1815 the Cossack would be involved in even Russian battle and campaign and would earn a fearsome reputation. After Napoleons defeat in Russia in 1812 it was the Cossack who harried the French retreat all the way back to Germany. After the 1813 German campaign, Cossacks left memories of terror imbedded in the minds of the German population that would be rekindled in 1945. 19th Century During the European revolutions of the 1830s and 1840s Cossacks were used extensively to crush uprisings. Tsar Nicolas I used them to crush the Poles in Russian Poland and Cossack regiments were sent into Hungary and Czechoslovakia to aid the Austrians against uprisings. The pistol has a very old crack through the butt [although perfectly sound] that likely occurred during it's working life. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Fine and Rare Long Barrel Miniature Percussion Muff Pistol A rare third size pocket pistol with carved ivory butt [with hairline crack], and boxlock percussion action, but with a very rare, exceptionaly long, damascus twist barrel. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Fine Caucasian Priming Flask in Silver and Brass. 18th -19th Century. This priming powder flask was used to carry small grain gunpowder. A measured quantity of powder was drawn off by using the spring-loaded pivoting cap on the nozzle.The case is silver and brass nicely tooled and decorated. Firearms became more and more sophisticated during the 16th-century but still required a number of accessories to load and operate them. The main charge, placed in the barrel with the shot, was carried in the powder flask. Smaller priming flasks contained fine-grain powder for priming the pans of wheel-lock firearms. Flasks were attached to a bandolier, a type of sling worn over the shoulder or around the waist, from which hung the various accessories required for a weapon including spanners for the mechanism, measured charges, powder flasks and priming flasks. The flasks were continually used in much the same way right throughout the evolution of the firearm until the 1870's and the development of cartridge taking guns where loose powder was no longer required. Arms and armour are rarely associated with art. However, they were influenced by the same design sources as other art forms including architecture, sculpture, goldsmiths' work, stained glass and ceramics. These sources had to be adapted to awkwardly shaped devices required to perform complicated technical functions. Armour and weapons were collected as works of art as much as military tools. Like the pistols and guns that accompanied them, decorated flasks were costly items. Inlaid firearms and flasks reflected the owners' status and were kept as much for display as for use. Daggers, firearms, gunpowder flasks and stirrups worn with the most expensive clothing projected an image of the fashionable man-at-arms. The most finely crafted items were worn as working jewellery. 4 inches across approx.
A Fine Old Large Ship Model of a British Naval 100 Gunner Ship of the Line A Beautiful George IIIrd model of an unrigged 100 Gunner 'Ship of the Line' such as HMS Victory. In a large glazed case. Most likely mid Victorian. Collection from store only, delivery not available. 36 inches x 17 inches x 23inches [case size]
A Fine Victorian G & J W Hawksley Powder Flask A very good copper and brass powder flask for a gun with the oak leaf design incorporating a fox and stag head, the nozzle stamped Drams and graduation values of 2¼, 2½, 2¾ , the nozzle signed G & J. W. Hawksley, slight dent one side at the top of the body, and in working order. Overall 8 by 3½ inches. See THE POWDER FLASK BOOK, Ray Riling page 315 fig 580. Riling says in the book that the flask illustrated as fig 580 was made by Hawksley for Barton of New York and implies that this was an exclusive design to them and does not mention having seen one marked Hawksley which might suggest that this is rare.
A Fine Victorian Gadget Sword Stick, Fancy Blued Blade By Brigg of London This fine piece we have just had returned from our workshop after the Malacca haft has been properly re-varnished. It now look a completely different thing since it first arrived with a very worn surface haft. An incredibly fascinating weapon from the Victorian era, with an inertia driven catch-locked blade, that ejaculates from the bottom of the stick with the flick of the wrist [imagine very smartly and vigorously casting a line on the river Dee] This is type 'gadget' swordstick that we rarely see these days, and we are absolutely delighted when they do appear. The stick is made from Malacca, with metal banding at the collar and a stag horn handle. As a collectable it is simply awesome. A startling and most collectable conversation piece, worthy of the legendary Sherlock Holmes himself, in fact, more likely a tool of the diabolical genius, and arch nemeses of Holmes, Professor Moriarty . One can only imagine what perils and heinous adversities that it's original owner, who had this awesome cane commissioned, must have feared, dreaded or even faced. The name “Bartitsu” might well have been completely forgotten if not for a chance mention by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle in one of his Sherlock Holmes mystery stories. In the Adventure of the Empty House (1903), Holmes explained that he had escaped the clutches of his enemy Professor Moriarty through his knowledge of “baritsu, or Japanese wrestling”.
A Fine, Kentucky Pattern Rifle By Charles Osborne of London A beautiful light rifle made for the burgeoning American market in the 1840's. A Kentucky pattern rifle with the usual fancy patch box, elongated trigger guard and a browned damascus twist barrel, platinum safety breech plug . This is a very charming and beautiful long gun with very nice quality features, and absolutely typical of a traditional Kentucky or Pensylvania Rifle, but around twenty percent lighter than usual, likely for ease of aiming while shooting on horseback. British gunmakers had been supplying the American market, just as the British blade makers had, since the very earliest days of the Pilgrim settlers. It is likely that over 80% of all the arms used in the Revolutionary war were British, and a vast percentage of the infantry guns used in the American Civil War were made at Enfield in England. Makers such as Ketland even had members of their family emigrate to the Americas in order to maintain supply to this highly lucrative market, as, although there were many fine American makers, demand for good quality arms was always usually higher than the local producers could supply.
A French 19th Century Cup Hilt Long Rapier By Coulaux Freres Klingenthal A superb duelling sword with a light and elegant blade. With typical large cup bowl guard, long quillons, single knuckle bow guard and twisted wire bound grip. Ovoid pommel. Triple edged blade with armour piercing long spear point. In France, duelling was common but by the 19th Century, French duels were rarely fatal as most were performed with swords and would stop when blood was drawn rather than continue to the death. France also provided some of the most peculiarly inventive duels. In 1808, two French duellers fought in air balloons; one shot the other’s balloon out, resulting in the death of both the opponent and his second. In 1843, two French duellers threw billiard balls at each other. In England and America most duels were with pistols or small swords, however, in Germany and France, the earlier style longer rapiers were much more popular. In England in 1712, the Duke of Hamilton and Lord Mohun were at odds over a lawsuit brought by Hamilton against Mohun that was still pending after 11 years. Hamilton remarked to a court officer that a witness for Mohun was not partial to truth and justice. Mohun retorted that the witness had as much truth and justice as Hamilton. Later, Mohun challenged Hamilton to a duel. The latter accepted. On November 15, 1712, they fought with swords. Mohun died on the ground, Hamilton died as his servants carried him away and the lawsuit died with them. According to writer Stephen Bands, there were “at least 277 fatalities in British duels between 1785 and 1844 but these homicides resulted in the capital sentence being carried out on only one perpetrator of a duelling fatality, the unfortunate Major Campbell who was executed in Ireland in 1808.” The reason Campbell hanged was that his duel with Captain Boyd observed none of the usual conventions of duelling such as including seconds and deciding in advance on specific conditions of the duel. Banks writes that it was “hurriedly fought in a locked room,” which gave it the appearance of a fatal brawl. While the precise origins of duelling are unclear, it became common in the late medieval and early modern periods in Europe. It was originally a practice of the nobility that later filtered down to other class groups. Duelling was widely practiced in England, Ireland, France, Italy, Germany, Russia and other countries. In medieval times, duelling was often thought of as a kind of “judicial combat” in which God would ensure the winner was the man in the right. 34" blade, 43" overall
A French Brass-Mounted Horn Powder-Flask Attributed To Nicolas Boutet A rare 18th century French flask with a most unusual fold down nozzle system. With large rounded lanthorn body (minor damage) flattened on the back, with shaped top mount and folding swelling nozzle, reeded brass medial mount, and rings for suspension High. For an almost identical example mounted in silver see Herbert G. Houze, The Sumptuous Flaske, 1989, pp. 116-117 (illustrated). Nicolas Noel Boutet was one of the world's greatest gunsmiths, and he made guns for most of the crowned heads of Europe, including Napoleon Bonaparte.
A French Gladius Short Sword Circa 1830 This pattern of Gladius [named after it's direct original version, the ancient Roman sword used by the Roman Empire for hundreds of years] was made and used in France from the 1830's till the 1850's. Many were sold in the early 1860's to the US in order to supply their desperate need for arms for the Civil War. The US in fact found this pattern sword so effective it directly copied the French gladius sword, and made their own [slightly differrent version with an Eagle decorated pommel] for use by the US foot. In it's scabbard, leather rucked.
A French Napoleonic Light Cavalry a la Chasseur, & Hussar Officer's Sabre With deluxe Damascus blade. A fabulous French 1st Empire Sword in very nice condition. Used in the great Napoleonic eras, from earliest Napoleonic period to the Empire, the March on Moscow [with the Grande Armee], the War of the Iberian Peninsular, and finally Waterloo. Lion's head pommel leather bound grip, single bar brass guard, Damascus steel blade with etching of crescent moon, and mystical symbols, as were popular within certain higher levels of French officers. It has a brass combat scabbard with reinforced steel drag maker marked AB. Highly evocative of the last great era of French victorious military might created by Napoleon, but was ultimately lost [and never repeated] after the Battle of Waterloo in 1815. These are a few of the battles the Regt. Chasseur-a-Cheval took part during the latter part of the Napoleonic wars;1812: Passage of the Niemen, Vitepsk, Krasnoe, Smolensk, Valoutina, La Moskowa, and le Beresina 1813: Katzbach, Wachau, Leipzig, and Glogau 1814: Montmirail and Arcis-sur-Aube 1815: Ligny and Waterloo. Originally a mixed corps of light infantry and horsemen, this force proved sufficiently effective to warrant the creation of a single corps: Dragoons-chasseurs de Conflans. In 1788 six dragoon regiments were converted to Chasseurs à cheval and during the period of the Revolutionary Wars the number was again increased, to twenty-five. Both Napoleon's Imperial Guard and the Royal Guard of the Restoration each included a regiment of Chasseurs à cheval. In addition Napoleon added a further five line regiments to those inherited from the Revolutionary period. The Chasseurs did, however, take part in Napoleon's triumphal entry into Berlin. At Eylau (8 February 1807) the regiment took part in Murat's great charge of 80 squadrons, which relieved the pressure on the French centre at the crisis of the battle. Seventeen of the officers were hit. In addition Dahlmann was mortally wounded. He had recently been promoted general (30 December 1806), but having no command he asked to be allowed to lead his old regiment and fell at their head. Major Guyot commanded the regiment for the rest of the year, and Thiry was also promoted major (16 Febr] The scabbard has a dent below the mid section.
A French Napoleonic Naval Cutlass, With Iron Basket Hilt and Steel Blade With the formed quillon on the guard only ever seen on the Napoleonic French cutlasses. The Sabre du Bord. This is a most scarce sword as most of the French fleet were captured or destroyed during the Napoleonic Wars. The hilt is remarkably sound even complete with it's original paint, the blade has the engraved anchor symbol, but the bottom section has rusted away in parts. Full lenth 678mm blade. The French sabre du bord was the cutlass of the French matelots used in all the French fleet against Nelson at Trafalgar. The Battle of Trafalgar (21 October 1805) was a sea battle fought between the British Royal Navy and the combined fleets of the French Navy and Spanish Navy, during the War of the Third Coalition (August–December 1805) of the Napoleonic Wars (1803–1815). The battle was the most decisive British naval victory of the war. Twenty-seven British ships of the line led by Admiral Lord Nelson aboard HMS Victory defeated thirty-three French and Spanish ships of the line under French Admiral Pierre-Charles Villeneuve off the south-west coast of Spain, just west of Cape Trafalgar. The Franco-Spanish fleet lost twenty-two ships, without a single British vessel being lost. The British victory spectacularly confirmed the naval supremacy that Britain had established during the previous century and was achieved in part through Nelson's departure from the prevailing naval tactical orthodoxy, which involved engaging an enemy fleet in a single line of battle parallel to the enemy to facilitate signalling in battle and disengagement, and to maximise fields of fire and target areas. Nelson instead divided his smaller force into two columns directed perpendicularly against the larger enemy fleet, with decisive results. Nelson was mortally wounded during the battle, becoming one of Britain's greatest war heroes. The commander of the joint French and Spanish forces, Admiral Villeneuve, was captured along with his ship Bucentaure. Spanish Admiral Federico Gravina escaped with the remnant of the fleet and succumbed months later to wounds sustained during the battle.
A George IIIrd Campaign Sheffield Plate Candelabra of Col. 10th Hussars We acquired this stunning campaign, Sheffield silver plated candeladra, with a yataghan sword, used by a former Colonel of the 10th Hussars throughout his campaigning years in the army. The Sheffield plating has wear on all the dominant edges and this is referred to as copper bleeding. It is actually a traditional good sign of orginality, as it shows it is early Sheffield hammered onto a copper base, not the later modern electrotype of plate, usually on nickle or brass. The use of "sheffield plate" began in 1742 when Thomas Boulsover, a Sheffield cutler (bladesmith), discovered that a sheet of silver fused to a piece of copper could then be rolled or hammered out without fracturing the bond. This made possible the use of "plated" base metal, which appeared, outwardly, to be silver, but as the silver "skin" could be only a small proportion of the gauge of the metal the saving in expense was considerable and objects made from the product looked exactly like sterling silver, because the applied 'plate' was indeed sterling. Boulsover's idea was exploited in Sheffield, first by Joseph Hancock from 1755 onwards and Matthew Boulton, one of the greatest and successful manufacturers of his age. This candelabra from the early 1800's and the reign of King George IIIrd was use allegedly by Capt Wood during his campaign. It disassembles into several smaller pieces and would likely have fitted into a wooden, leather bound travelling case for use in military campaigns around the Empire. It may well have been used originally by an ancestor in the Napoleonic wars era. His medals were sold in auction some 10 years ago. Manners Charles Wood was born on 20 January 1852. He was appointed as Ensign to the 44th Foot on 1 September 1869, but was transferred on the same day to the 66th Foot, becoming Lieutenant in October 1871. He transferred to the 10th Hussars on 15 April 1874, and joined the regiment in India. In 1876 he was selected for escort duty with the Prince of Wales during his visit to India, and was given a silver commemorative medal struck on that occasion. Promoted to Captain on 2 February 1878, Manners Wood accompanied the regiment from Rawal Pindi in the Afghan campaign of 1878-79, and commanded “B” Troop at Fattehabad on the 2nd April 1879, in which action he was wounded, and his life saved by a brother officer, in an incident reported on the front page of the Illustrated London News, published on 17 May 1879. ‘Captain Wood and Lieutenant Fisher dismounted with most of the men, leaving as few as possible to hold the horses and advanced up the hill in skirmishing order, to dislodge the enemy, who were firing upon them from their strong position. On approaching the top, Captain Wood and Lieutenant Fisher, who were well in front, noticed a Ghazi, lying on the ground, pointing his jezail at them. He was a typical hillman, of powerful build. Having fired and missed, he jumped to his feet, and rushed at Captain Wood, whose sword was of little use against the long jezail and impetuous rush of the Afghan. He was brought to his knees, and his fanatical assailant, discarding his firearm, with a ponderous knife made a cut at his head, which clove his helmet in two, but, fortunately, did not do more than inflict a slight wound. ‘As Captain Wood lay on the ground, at the mercy of the Afghan, Lieutenant Fisher rushed at the Ghazi, and felled him with the butt end of a carbine which he was carrying and Private Hackett, who had by this time come up with other men of the Troop, gave him the coup-de-grace with his sword. The Troop now fired two volleys into the enemy, which completely dispersed them, and Captain Wood took his men back to Fattehabad. The casualties in the Troop were seven men wounded, one horse killed, eleven wounded, and one missing.’ Captain Wood served with the regiment throughout the remainder of the war, and accompanied it during the march of pestilence to Rawal Pindi, when so many Tenth Hussars died of cholera. He became Major in April 1882, and Lieutenant-Colonel in August 1892, on taking command of the 10th Hussars. The regiment served in Ireland throughout the 4 years of his command. He became Brevet Colonel in August 1896, and retired on 5 April 1899. Wood was almost immediately recalled on the outbreak of the war in South Africa, and was appointed a Special Service Officer with the Rhodesian Field Force. He was afterwards in command of the troops in Rhodesia, from 7th January to 21st June 1901, graded as a Colonel on the Staff. He again left the Army, leading a very active life, and later became a Colonel in the Army Cadet Force. For his services with the Cadets, he received the 1935 Silver Jubilee medal, at the age of 83. Colonel Manners Wood died at Camberley on 12 September 1941, aged 89.
A George IIIrd Carved Ivory Dog's Head 'Blue and Gilt' Bladed Sword Stick A most beautiful carved ivory dog's head with glass bead eyes. An elegant wedge shaped, single edged, blue and gilt blade. Good bamboo haft with a very nice amber patina. This very charming fine and elegant stick has spent two whole days [with no expense spared] in our conservator's workshop, removing paint splatters to the hilt, and attending to the bamboo finish. It now looks just as it once did, but with all it's natural aged patina restored Blade 1cm across 35 inches long overall. A sound and effective concealed personal protection sword that was highly popular during the georgian to Victorian era. London, like many cities around the world at that time, could be a most trecherous place at night, and every gentleman, would carry a weapon for close quarter personal protection or deterrence. The early London Police force recruits 'Bobbies' or 'Peelers' [name after Sir Robert Peel their founder] were initially poorly selected. Of the first 2,800 new policemen, only 600 kept their jobs, and the first policeman, given the number 1, was sacked after only four hours service! Eventually, however, the impact upon crime, particularly organised crime led to an acceptance, and approval, of the Bobbies. Meanwhile, as they were so initially unpopular, and as the public of London had little or no coinfidence in them, armed personal protection was considered essential. Many would carry a small boxlock pistol or two, others might effect a sword stick.
A German 17th Century Broadsword With Finely Engraved Mystical Symbols Mounted with a very finely crafted cruciform Knightly style hilt, likely in the Sudan, sometime during the early 18th century. With a vellum covered wooden grip. The cruciform hilted broadswords, popular in the Sudan, were near identically based upon the swords taken from Crusaders in North Africa in 13th/14th century. The Crusader's style of broadsword continued in use, and became quite unique to that region for many centuries, and the British soldiers that took these swords as war booty, during the Egypt and Sudan campaigns in the 19th century, such as the battle of Omdurman in 1898, believed them to be early crusaders swords. Some of those trophy swords were Sudanese domestic examples, with poor steel blades, but the very best, those assumed to be 13th century, had the fine German post medieval blades such as this one. The battle of Omdurman was a conflict involving the British and an army commanded by General Sir Herbert Kitchener defeated the army of Abdullah al-Taashi leader of the Mahdists. The senior officer's in the Mahdist army used these very swords, some with most ancient imported or captured German blades, and upon victory they were claimed by the British officers and soldiers and brought back home to England. The Battle of Omdurman cost the Mahdists a stunning 9,700 killed, 13,000 wounded, and 5,000 captured. Kitchener's losses were a mere 47 dead and 340 wounded. The victory at Omdurman concluded the campaign to retake Sudan and Khartoum was quickly reoccupied. Despite the victory, several officers were critical of Kitchener's handling of the battle and cited MacDonald's stand for saving the day. Arriving at Khartoum, Kitchener was ordered to proceed south to Fashoda to block French incursions in the area.
A Good 17th C. 'Venetian' Schiavona Basket Hilted Sword wooden grip, overall in nice condition for age, a very nice impressive and powerful sword 33.5 inch blade. The Schiavona was a Renaissance sword that became popular in Italy during the 16th and 17th centuries. Stemming from the 16th-century sword of the Balkan mercenaries who formed the bodyguard of the Doge of Venice, the name may have from the fact that the guard consisted largely of Istrian and Dalmatian Slavs (Schiavoni) late Italian for slave, but some say it could derive from the older Venetian feminine term of 'a woman' alluding to it as the 'Queen' of weapons. Interestingly enough, in Drummond's famous book, "Ancient Scottish Weapons", there are several Schiavonas. It was widely recognisable for its "cat's-head pommel" and distinctive handguard made up of many leaf-shaped brass or iron bars that was attached to the cross-bar and knucklebow rather than the pommel. Classified as a true broadsword, this war sword had a wider blade than its contemporary civilian rapiers. It was basket hilted (often with an imbedded quillon for an upper guard) and its blade was double edged thus this blade was useful for both cut and thrust. The schiavona became popular among the armies of those who traded with Italy during the 17th century and was the weapon of choice for many heavy cavalry. It was popular among mercenary soldiers and wealthy civilians alike; examples decorated with gilding and precious stones were imported by the upper classes to be worn as a combination of fashion accessory and defensive weapon. Lord Stefan d'Gascon: Living in the later half of the 16th Century, in London, he was an ex-mercenary from a number of large and small armies. He wandered the continent, [generally staying out of France.] and visited the Far East for a time, while serving as a personal guard. One time he was a city guard for the Doge of Venice, where he developed a liking for the Schiavona He remarked that; " The Schiavona came in handy while traversing the Sulu Sea and the Sea of Japan in 1549 with Father Francis Xavier’s ship and spent two years in the Japans with Fathers Francis, Cosme de Torres and Juan Fernandz." He was born of English stock, in the Armagnac region of Gascony, near Auch. See Wagner, E. , Cut and Thrust Weapons, Hamlyn, UK (1969). Schiavona. Wooden grip, overall in nice condition for age, a very nice impressive and powerful sword 33.5 inch blade, 40 inches overall
A Good 19th Century Ghurka Kukri In Chased Leather Covered Wood Scabbard Typical steel blade. Scabbard carved with fan patterns. The blade shape descended from the classic Greek sword of Kopis, which is about 2500 years old. A cavalry sword (The Machaira, Machira) of the ancient Macedonians which was carried by the troops of Alexander the Great when it invaded northwest India in the 4th Century BC and was copied by local black smiths or Kamis some knife exports have found similarities in the construction of some Khukuris to the crafting method of old Japanese sword. Thus the making of Khukuri is one of the oldest blade forms in the history of world, if not in fact the oldest. Some say it originated from a form of knife first used by the Mallas who came to power in Nepal in the 13th Century. There are some Khukuris displaying on the walls of National Museum at Chhauni in Kathmandu which are 500 years old or even more among them one belonged to Drabya Shah, the founder king of the kingdom of Gorkha, in 1627 AD But the some facts shows that the Khukuri's history is centuries old then this. But other suggest that the Khukuri was first used by Kiratis who came to power in Nepal before Lichchhavi age, about 7th Century. In the hands of an experienced wielder this Kukri is about as formidable a weapon as can be conceived. Like all really good weapons, the Kukri's efficiency depends much more upon the skill that the strength of the wielder and thus it happens that the little Gurkha, a mere boy in point of stature, will cut to pieces of gigantic adversary who does not understand his mode of onset. The Gurkha generally strikes upwards with the Kukri, possibly in order to avoid wounding himself should his blow fail, and possibly because an upward cut is just the one that can be least guarded against.
A Good and Most Attractive Antique Indo Persian Spear With fully decorated blade faces and silver inlay. The haft mount is similarly decorated. The décor on the blade face appears to be a form of Islamic script.
A Good and Scarce Antique Malaysian Kampilan Sword The standard kampílan is a type of single-edged long sword, used in the Philippine islands of Mindanao, Visayas, and Luzon. This unusual variant has a long 33.5 inch double edged blade more reminiscant of a European broadsword. The kampílan has a distinct profile, with the tapered blade being much broader and thinner at the point than at its base, sometimes with a protruding spikelet along the flat side of the tip and a bifurcated hilt which is believed to represent a mythical creature's open mouth. The Maguindanao and the Maranao of mainland Mindanao preferred this weapon as opposed to the Tausug of Sulu who favoured the barung. The Kapampangan name of the Kampilan was "Talibong" and the hilt on the Talibong represented the dragon Naga, however the creature represented varies between different ethnic groups. Its use by the Illocanos have also been seen in various ancient records. A notable wielder of the kampílan was Datu Lapu-Lapu (the king of Mactan) and his warriors, who defeated the Spaniards and killed Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan at the Battle of Mactan on April 27, 1521. The mention of the kampílan in ancient Filipino epics originating from other non-Muslim areas such as the Hiligaynon Hinilawod and the Ilocano Biag ni Lam-Ang is possible evidence for the sword's widespread usage throughout the archipelago during the ancient times. Today, the kampílan is portrayed in Filipino art and ancient tradition. The hilt is quite long in order to counterbalance the weight and length of the blade and is made of hardwood.[1] As with the blade, the design of the hilt's profile is relatively consistent from blade to blade, combining to make the kampílan an effective combat weapon. The complete tang of the kampílan disappears into a crossguard, which is often decoratively carved in an okir (geometric or flowing) pattern.The guard prevents the enemy's weapon from sliding all the way down the blade onto bearer's hand and also prevents the bearer's hand from sliding onto the blade while thrusting. The most distinctive design element of the hilt is the Pommel, which is shaped to represent a creature's wide open mouth. The represented creature varies from sword to sword depending on the culture. Sometimes it is a real animal such as a monitor lizard or a crocodile, but more often the animal depicted is mythical, with the naga and the bakonawa being popular designs. Some kampílan also have animal or human hair tassels attached to the hilt as a form of decoration.
A Good Antique Burmese Shan Dha-shay Sword. With brass strap braced wooden scabbard. The Tai-Shan people are believed to have migrated from Yunnan in China. The Shan are descendants of the oldest branch of the Tai-Shan, known as Tai Luang (Great Tai) or Tai Yai (Big Tai). The Tai-Shan who migrated to the south and now inhabit modern-day Laos and Thailand are known as Tai Noi (or Tai Nyai), while those in parts of northern Thailand and Laos are commonly known as Tai Noi (Little Tai - Lao spoken) The Shan have inhabited the Shan Plateau and other parts of modern-day Burma as far back as the 10th century AD. The Shan kingdom of Mong Mao (Muang Mao) existed as early as the 10th century AD but became a Burmese vassal state during the reign of King Anawrahta of Pagan (1044–1077). After the Pagan kingdom fell to the Mongols in 1287, the Tai-Shan peoples quickly gained power throughout South East Asia. The present-day boundary of southern Shan State vis-a-vis Thailand was formed shortly after. Burma lost southern Lan Na (Chiang Mai) in 1776 and northern Lan Na (Chiang Saen) in 1786 to a resurgent Bangkok-based Siam, ending an over two-century Burmese suzerainty over the region. It retained only Kengtung on the Burmese side. The southern border of Shan State remained contested in the following years. Siam invaded Kengtung in (1803–1804), (1852–1854), and Burma invaded Lan Na in 1797 and 1804. Siam occupied Kengtung during World War II (1942–1945). Throughout the Burmese feudal era, Shan states supplied much manpower in the service of Burmese kings. Without Shan manpower, the Burmans alone would not have been able to achieve their much vaunted victories in Lower Burma, Siam, and elsewhere. Shans were a major part of Burmese forces in the First Anglo-Burmese War of 1824–1826, and fought valiantly—a fact the British commanders acknowledged. After the Second Anglo-Burmese War of 1852, the Burmese kingdom was reduced to Upper Burma alone. The Shan states—especially those east of the Salween River, were essentially autonomous entities, paying token tribute to the king. In 1875, King Mindon, to avoid certain defeat, ceded Karenni states, long part of Shan states, to the British. When the last king of Burma, Thibaw Min, ascended the throne in 1878, the rule of central government was so weak that Thibaw had to send thousands of troops to tame a rebellion in the Shan state of Mongnai and other eastern Shan states for the remainder of his year reignOn 28 November 1885, the British captured Mandalay, officially ending the Third Anglo-Burmese War in 11 days. But it took until 1890 for the British to subdue all of Shan states. Under the British colonial administration, established in 1887, the Shan states were ruled by their saophas as feudatories of the British Crown. The British placed Kachin Hills inside Mandalay Division and northwestern Shan areas under Sagaing Division. In October 1922, the Shan and Karenni states were merged to create the Federated Shan States,[14] under a commissioner who also administered the Wa State. This arrangement survived the constitutional changes of 1923 and 1937. During World War II, most of Shan States were occupied by the Japanese. Chinese Kuomingtang (KMT) forces came down to northeastern Shan states to face the Japanese. Thai forces, allied with the Japanese, occupied Kengtung and surrounding areas in 1942
A Good Antique George IIIrd Flintlock Holster Pistol by Wheeler of London. Walnut stock with fabulous age patina, with slab-sided grips, all brass furniture and trigger guard with acorn finial. Two stage octagonal to round steel barrel with silver X foresight. A very nice officer's and gentleman's flintlock pistol from the 1790's into the Napoleonic Wars period. The Napoleonic Wars (1803–1815) were a series of wars declared against Napoleon's French Empire by opposing coalitions. As a continuation of the wars sparked by the French Revolution of 1789, they revolutionised European armies and played out on an unprecedented scale, mainly owing to the application of modern mass conscription. French power rose quickly as Napoleon's armies conquered much of Europe but collapsed rapidly after France's disastrous invasion of Russia in 1812. The alliance led by Britain and one of it's finest General's, the Duke of Wellington, brought about Napoleon's empire ultimately suffering a complete and total military defeat resulting in the restoration of the Bourbon monarchy in France and the creation of the Concert of Europe.
A Good British Large Calibre Pinfire Revolver As a British import these pistols were very popular indeed during the Civil War [but very expensive] as they took the all new pinfire cartridge, which revolutionised the way revolvers operated, as compared to the old fashioned percussion action. In fact, while the percussion cap & ball guns were still in production [such as made by Remington, Colt and Starr] and being used in the American Civil War, the much more efficient and faster pinfire guns [that were only made from 1861] were the fourth most popular gun chosen, by those that could afford them, during the war. General Stonewall Jackson was presented with two deluxe pinfire pistols with ivory grips, and many other famous personalities of the war similarly used them. The American makers could not possibly fulfill all the arms contracts that were needed to supply the war machine, especially by the non industrialised Confederate Southern States. So, London made guns were purchased, by contract, by the London Arms Company in great quantities, as the procurement for the war in America was very profitable indeed. They were despatched out in the holds of hundreds of British merchant ships. First of all, the gun and sword laden vessels would attempt to break the blockades, surrounding the Confederate ports, as the South were paying four times or more the going rate for arms, but, if the blockade proved to be too efficient, the ships would then proceed on to the Union ports, [such as in New York] where the price paid was still excellent, but only around double the going rate. This pistol is full military army size, and is the very type that was so popular, as a fast and efficient military arm , by many of the officers of both the US and the CSA armies. Folding trigger, trigger return spring inoperable. As with all our antique guns, no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Good Civil War Period Extra Large American Flask and Cap Co Flask Copper flask with brass measure cap but around 60% bigger than a usual flask. One dent either side at the neck.
A Good Crimean War Artillery Officer's Sword Very similar in design to the British Army 1821 Cavalry pattern sword [that British officer's used in Charge of the Light Brigade] this is the Artillery officer's version 3 bar hilted sword but with a slightly straighter blade. No scabbard. Russetted blade and hilt, good original fishskin grip with twisted wire binding. With some judicious polishing this sword may reveal considerable beauty
A Good Crimean War Medal 72nd Seaforth Highlanders. Of William Begg. A Cpl. William Begg of the 72nd appears on a memorial in St Giles Cathedral in Edinburgh. To the men that were killed in action and died of wounds the Indian Mutiny etc. the Duke of Albany’s 72nd Highlanders were dispatched to the Crimea, where they arrived in May 1855, and from that date to the close of the war served in all the duties, which our troops were called upon to perform. After the Crimea followed with deadly haste the Mutiny, where the 72nd earned lasting praise. Their chief exploits were while serving with Sir Hugh Rose’s force in Central India, and at Kotah, the fortune of war decreed that their chief opponents should be the revolted 72nd natïve regiment, whose uniform in some degree resembled that of the Duke of Albany’s. The storming party was to abide the blowing up of the great gate, and owing to the unexpected delay in doing this found them exposed for some time to the fierce ire of the enemy. But when the explosion was heard, and the pipes struck up their martial tune, it required but a very few minutes to capture the town, thanks to the impetuous ardour of the 72nd and their comrades, who with a ringing shout-“Scotland for ever!” literally drove all before them. Throughout the struggles in Baroda the 72nd, who were subsequently with the Rajpootana Field Force, fought well and successfully, well meriting the unstinted meed awarded to them. The next important campaign in which the 72nd were engaged was in the Afghanistan in 1878. Here they were brigaded under General Roberts, and rendered most signal service at the storming of the Peiwar Kotal. Here the 72nd and the “brave little Ghoorkas” fairly divided the honours of the day between them, though Lieutenant Munro and several rank and files were in the list of casualties. During the march through the Sappri defile Sergeant Green gained his commission from the gallant defence he made of Captain Goad, and it it is recorded by a Scotch writer that “a sick Highlander (of the 72nd), who was being carried in a dhooley, fired all his ammunition, sixty-two rounds, at the enemy, and as he was a good marksman, he never fired without getting a fair shot.” The following year they were still more actively employed, and round and about Cabul, under Roberts, came in for much more fierce fighting, from which they gained a full sheaf of honours. Sergeant MacDonald, Cox, and M’Ilvean distinguished themselves at the assault of the Takt-I-Shah; Lieutenant Ferguson was twice wounded; Sergeant Jule (who was killed the next day) was the first man to gain the ridge, capturing at the same time two standards. Corporal Sellars, the first man to gain the top of the Asmai heights, gained a Victoria Cross; before that day’s sun had set Captain Spens and Lieutenant Gainsford of the regiment had fallen fighting like heroes to the last; Lieutenant Egerton was badly wounded, and several rank and file put hors de combat. The regiment fought well in the attack on Sherpur, and in Robert’s famous march to Candahar were brigaded with the Gordon highlanders and 60th Rifles. In the attack on Candahar Sir Frederick reported that “the 72nd and the 2nd Sikhs had the chief share of the fighting;” of the second brigade Colonel Brownlow, Captain Frowe and Sergeant Cameron were among the killed; Captain Stewart Murray and Lieutenant Munroe were badly wounded. A photo in the gallery are of his comrades who served with him at Sebastopol. [Not included with medal]
A Good Crimean War Medal With 3 Bars Sebastopol, Inkerman, and Alma Awarded to G Johnson Royal Artillery. The Battle of Inkerman was fought on 5th November 1854, Guy Fawkes Day. Before dawn the bells of Sebastopol began to ring out, which seemed nothing unusual for the British. It was after all a Sunday, merely Guy Fawkes Day, 5th November. But to some, it was one of those occasions that called for an almighty din at an early hour! The Battle of Inkerman was named after a small ruin on the North bank of the River Chernava, although the battle was fought some way across the river on a nameless ridge bounded to the South by the Careenage Ravine. The ridge was narrow and covered with scrub. The British 2nd Division, commanded by General Pennefather and numbering 3,000 men, were encamped on part of the ridge (Home Ridge). Codrington’s brigade of the Light Division – numbering some 1,400 men – was located on the west of the ravine and the Guards Brigade – numbering some 1,350 men – were about a quarter of a mile behind the 2nd Division, while the French were located to the South under General Bosquet to cover the rear. 2nd Division’s artillery, under Colonel Fitzmayer, consisted of B and G Batteries. The entire force had 36 guns all told, so were outnumbered 4 to one; in addition, the British guns were of a smaller calibre. In an attempt to break the Anglo-French siege, the Russian commander-in-chief, Prince Menshikov, planned a combined attack on the ridge using two forces: one from within Sebastopol, commanded by General Somonov numbering 17,500 men, and another from outside the city, commanded by General Pavlov numbering 14,000 men (Figure 1). General Somonov’s larger force assembled at dawn and advanced along the ridge. General Pavlov’s columns crossed the River Chernava near its mouth and needed to advance almost at right angles to Somonov’s troops. In addition to their own field artillery, they had the support of 54 heavy guns at Sebastopol. Somonov’s forces attacked, taking advantage of the early morning fog and uncertain light. They had crept close to the British positions before launching a two column frontal attack, supported by artillery and covered by a few hundred skirmishers. This attack came just after the morning ‘Stand Down’ and took the British by surprise; at first they did not realize how potent this Russian force was. Shell Hill was occupied by only a small picket force, and was taken at once. The Russian infantry then waited for their guns to sweep the hill and destroy the camp to the rear. Infantry from the 2nd Division pushed down the forward slope and due to the narrowness of the ridge and the broken nature of the terrain, this fight was a melee from the start. A column of sailors and marines sent to turn the British left flank was caught as they emerged onto the plateau, and the main body came to a standstill in front of the British position as the real estate became overcrowded. The guns of G Battery, commanded by Captain J Turner, deployed in a line astride the crest of the ridge to fire along it towards this Russian concentration. The mist, which initially allowed the enemy to approach unobserved, now favoured the numerically weaker British side. Luckily, this attack by twelve battalions was so poorly co-ordinated that the first attack was driven off by 0700 hours. The discipline, confidence and steady volleys of the defenders had dominated, despite the courage of the Russians. Somonov had also acted alone, without waiting for Pavlov or General Dannenburg, the officer appointed at the last moment to command the whole force, and Somonov was killed at the head of his troops. 3,000 defenders were able to repulse and nearly wipe out the whole column from Sebastopol. The second phase began at 0730 hours with an attack on the British right flank by a force of 10,000 men – these were Pavlov’s men, who had by now climbed the steep cliffs from the Chernava, with assistance from part of Somonov’s remaining force. General Dannenburg was now in charge. The assaulting forces moved by way of Quarry Ravine, under cover of the guns on Shell Hill. This phase was fiercely repulsed, utilizing two insignificant field works: a line of stones at the head of the ravine and a small two-gun battery called the Sandbag Battery. Pennefather was reinforced by the Guards Brigade, and half of G Battery moved across to the left flank to better fire positions, two guns deployed on the crest line and one amongst the scrub down the slope. The line of stones position fell into Russian hands, but they were soon ejected by small British detachments. By 1100 hours, the Russians had again been beaten off. The third attack began at about 1130 hours with another assault on the front and right. The battle consisted of a series of Russian attacks delivered with great force, followed by retreats into dead ground. This so occupied the defenders that the Russians managed to infiltrate in strength through the brushwood on the left flank. Numbers 4 and 5 guns were soon overrun. Andrew Henry, senior sergeant of the Battery, was close to Number 6 gun and in a moment both he and the gun were surrounded by Russian bayonets. Hopelessly outnumbered, Sergeant Henry and Gunner James Taylor were soon the only defenders. Taylor was mortally wounded, leaving Henry to fight alone, sword in hand. Meanwhile, the hard-pressed allies were fighting the Russians at close quarters all over the crest, using ball and bayonet, case and grape shot. A part of the British 4th Division, under General Cathcart, arrived late in the morning and was first used to patch up weaker parts of the line. Cathcart then worked his way along the lower and steeper part of the eastern ridge with 400 men in order to take the Russian’s flank. Unfortunately, as he moved forward the Russians, moving higher up the ridge, descended upon the group, scattering it and killing Cathcart. The tide against the British was eventually turned by the arrival of two long 18-pounder guns from the British siege train that were able to reach the harassing Russian artillery, together with an extra 8,000 French troops sent by Bosquet. Notably, two French horse artillery batteries made a brave advance, galloping down the forward slope of the ridge. Dannenburg made one last assault with 6,000 battle-weary troops, with a further 9,000 in reserve, which, had they joined in, might have been successful. By 1330 hours the Russian morale had broken and their Army withdrew. Finally, the dominant guns on Shell Hill were silenced and a resolute advance of a handful of British infantry concluded the day. Eight British batteries were present at the Battle of Inkerman – B, G, P, H, A, E, 6/11 and 7/11. General Dannenburg recorded that ‘soon the murderous fire of the enemy’s artillery forced us to retire back to the town. Inkerman has come to be called ‘the soldier’s battle’; it might in a special sense also be called ‘the Gunners’ battle’ without in the least belittling from the splendid service of the infantry that day. There were high casualties on both sides. The Russians lost a total of over 11,000 troops out of the 42,000 deployed. Poorly supplied and with little medical assistance – despite the self-publicity of Florence Nightingale – allied troops suffered immense casualties too. The total British force engaged was about 8,500, of whom 2,357 were killed and wounded, over 27% of the force, clearly showing the intensity of the battle. The French lost 939 out of 7,000, but not all were engaged. G Battery had two men killed and 13 wounded, and lost 30 horses. Several wheels and limber boxes were broken by shot from the enemy batteries. The courageous Russian attack convinced the allies not to attempt a quick assault on the city, and they settled down for a protracted siege. The French and British eventually forced the fall of Sebastopol on 11th September 1855 and peace was subsequently concluded at Paris. Within fifteen years however, the Russian were back in Sebastopol and re-arming. Sergeant Henry’s actions are best told in his own words. He wrote home to his brother after the Battle from a hospital bed in Scutari. He describes a strong army of Russians attacking the division on the morning of 5th November, surprising them with shot and shell; then the British advance and joining battle, the Battery deploying on a hill and engaging the enemy until ammunition was near exhausted; how the Russians advanced in large columns, repelled once by canister, but getting amongst them again with musket ball; how the Russians rushed the position and surrounded him and a gunner, the others having fled; the fight for life with sword drawn and the eventual bayoneting. He received one wound to the chest before falling, then three in the left arm, three in the right thigh, two in the back, one in the ribs and two to the head. He was left for dead, recounting God’s mercy that there was no more Russian musket ammunition to finish him with shot. Doctors assumed he would die, but after six days he began to improve, and expressed his desire to rejoin the Battery. James Taylor, the gunner at his side, died of his wounds. Sergeant Henry was praised for his bravery and promised that his deeds would not be forgotten. Later he wrote an account of the battle for a book entitled England’s Artillerymen: A History of the Royal Artillery, in which he recounts ‘Just at the break of day the Russians opened a deadly fire on our Division’s camp with several heavy guns which they had placed in position with muffled wheels the night previous. As we were already hooked in, we quickly advanced, came into action and gave it to them sharply. We had on piquet that morning one 9-pounder gun and one 24-pounder howitzer, which being on the spot were the first artillery in action. The second line of wagons was kept constantly supplying ammunition from the camp, as there was a very great expenditure.’ He went on to say ‘about 1 pm, our infantry were overpowered and compelled to retire, leaving our guns without any support. Our right half-battery received orders to limber up and retire which they did just in time to get clear. . . At the same time, the left half-battery was firing on the Russians who were rapidly advancing in front. I saw that we could not get our guns away, therefore I called out to the gunners to stand and defend the guns; not to leave them. I and one gunner whose name was James Taylor, a brave soldier and who died of his wounds, drew our swords and as the Russians came charging up to the guns, howling like mad dogs, I seized one of their bayonets with my left hand and then threw the man off, at the same time cutting away at them with my sword. We were soon surrounded by them and bayoneted. I received twelve wounds; the first in my chest, lifting me off my feet. At the same time they were stabbing me in my back and arms. Through loss of blood, I became insensible and while in that state, laying on the ground, they still bayoneted me.’ As we know, his brave deeds were not forgotten. He was awarded a Victoria Cross, the citation being gazetted in February 1857 and reading “the Victoria Cross is awarded to Captain Andrew Henry, Royal Artillery, for defending the guns of his battery against overwhelming numbers of the enemy, on 5th of November 1854 at the Battle of Inkerman, and continuing to do so until he had received twelve bayonet wounds. He was at the time Sergeant-Major of ‘G’ Battery, 2nd Division.” Royal Artillery Historical Society.
A Good Early Victorian Bamboo and Ivory Swordstick With some cracking to the bamboo and ivory but a nice honest stick of charm and beauty. Blade with old pitting. The hilt could be restored. A sound and effective concealed personal protection sword that was highly popular during the georgian to Victorian era. London, like many cities around the world at that time, could be a most trecherous place at night, and every gentleman, would carry a weapon for close quarter personal protection or deterrence. The early London Police force recruits 'Bobbies' or 'Peelers' [name after Sir Robert Peel their founder] were initially poorly selected. Of the first 2,800 new policemen, only 600 kept their jobs, and the first policeman, given the number 1, was sacked after only four hours service! Eventually, however, the impact upon crime, particularly organised crime led to an acceptance, and approval, of the Bobbies. Meanwhile, as they were so initially unpopular, and as the public of London had little or no coinfidence in them, armed personal protection was considered essential. Many would carry a small boxlock pistol or two, others might effect a sword stick
A Good Early Victorian Bamboo Sword Cane Circa 1840 With excellent patina and and a good elegant and narrow 18th century single edged rapier type blade. Silver loop ferrules, and knop pommel. A great conversational piece, and one can ponder over of the kind of gentleman who would have required such a piece of personal defense paraphernalia. Although one likes to think that jolly old Victorian England had a London full of cheerful cockneys and laddish chimney sweeps, it was also plagued with political intrigue, nefarious characters and caddish swine prowling the endless foggy thoroughfares and dimly lit passageways.
A Good English 18th Century, Double Barrel, Tap Action Over-Coat Pistol By Richardson. Large bore and good action and pan swivel. Slab sided walnut grips, all steel mounts and turn off barrels. Gadget weapons that have unusual actions such as this rotational tap-action meant the gun could be fired each barrel singly or both barrels simultaneously. They were much more expensive than standard guns, but with two barrels they fufilled the function of pair of pistols but on it's own. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Good French Boche Powder Flask, 19th Century, Shell Pattern By Boche of Paris, a fine quality flask with good working spring action. Boche apparently signed only his best examples and flasks by Boche belong to the highest in society.
A Good King George IIIrd Duelling Pistol, Possibly By Rigby of Dublin. A fine walnut stock, steel barrel held with barrel slides, steel lock and fine steel furniture, stock of juglans regia and slab sided grips and pineapple finial steel trigger guard. Original ramrod with horn tip and worm-screw. All the steel is very nicely patinated. Irish census marked for County Clare. The golden era of the dueling pistol in Britain lasted from around 1770 to 1850. By 1780 it was stated that "pistols are the weapons now generally made use of." Britain was most celebrated for the manufacturers of flintlock pistols, whose object was to make a nicely balanced, fine handling, accurate and often intentionally beautiful pistol. One of the most famous duels in United States history took place on July 11, 1804 between Aaron Burr and Alexander Hamilton at Weehawken, New Jersey. Hamilton, the former Treasury secretary died as a result of his wound, former Vice President Burr was indicted for murder but not prosecuted. Three years earlier Alexander Hamilton's son had been killed in duel at the same spot using the same set of tricked-out .544 caliber English-made Wogdon pistols. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables. A pistol in sleeper condition [untouched for likely over 100 years] with small natural age related polished surface imperfections.
A Good Medieval Teutonic Knight's Battle Mace of Bronze Circa 13th-14th C , Made of Bronze Copper Alloy. Four stout pyramidal knobs on a cubic body. Likely of Germanic Eastern European origin. A weapon made at the time at great cost, and only for the most affluent knight, a battle mace for the crushing and smashing of armour. Crusades period of the Teutonic Order, The Livonian Knights were a German religious and military order originally founded during the siege of Acre in the Third Crusade and modeled after the Knights Templars and Hospitalers, the Teutonic Knights moved to eastern Europe early in the 13th century. There, under their grand master, Hermann von Salza, they became powerful and prominent. In 1198, the Teutonic Order started the Livonian Crusade. Despite numerous setbacks and rebellions, by 1290, Livonians, Latgalians, Selonians, Estonians (including Oeselians), Curonians and Semigallians had been all gradually subjugated. Denmark and Sweden also participated in fight against Estonians. In 1229, responding to an appeal from the Duke of Poland, they began a crusade against the pagan Slavs of Prussia. They became sovereigns over lands they conquered over the next century. In a series of campaigns, the Teutonic Knights gained control over the whole Baltic coast, founding numerous towns and fortresses and establishing Christianity. The Teutonic Order's attempts to conquer Orthodox Russia (particularly the Republics of Pskov and Novgorod), an enterprise endorsed by Pope Gregory IX, can also be considered as a part of the Northern Crusades. One of the major blows for the idea of the conquest of Russia was the Battle of the Ice in 1242. With or without the Pope's blessing, Sweden also undertook several crusades against Orthodox Novgorod Old, replaced, wood haft. A most effective battle mace. Excellent patina highly evocative signs of use. The mace head is approx. the size of a pool or billiard ball. A similar Mace is preserved in the Hungarian National Museum in Budapest. The last picture in the gallery is of Tuetonic Livonian Knights, the top left mounted knight is using his mace.
A Good Napoleonic Wars 1796 Officer's Pistol, Heavy Dragoon Variant. A most unusual example with a 6.5 inch barrel, large .65 inch bore. This is a large weight, most powerful pistol but it's barrel determines it's preferred use was as close quarter action pistol. It has the typical 1796 Heavy Cavalry style form, with engraved brass funiture, without brass butt cap, and a sliding safety channel, and the engraving and safety feature are typical designs for officer use only. Made by Harding of London. In regimental collections, throughout the country, and in the military museums, there are numerous examples of service pistols such as this. A regular form of military pistol, but with a personalised bespoke feature to make it more suitable for the officer's needs for his particular use. The Heavy Cavalry were seperated into two brigades at Waterloo. The 1st Brigade, known as the Household Brigade, commanded by Major-General Edward Somerset (Lord Somerset), consisted of guards regiments: the 1st and 2nd Life Guards, the Royal Horse Guards (the Blues), and the 1st 'King's' Dragoon Guards The 2nd Brigade, also known as the Union Brigade, commanded by Major-General Sir William Ponsonby, was so called as it consisted of an English (1st, 'The Royals'), a Scottish (2nd, 'Scots Greys'), and an Irish (6th, 'Inniskilling') regiment of heavy dragoons. More than 20 years of warfare had eroded the numbers of suitable cavalry mounts available on the European continent; this resulted in the British heavy cavalry entering the 1815 campaign with the finest horses of any contemporary cavalry arm. They also received excellent mounted swordsmanship training. The two brigades had a combined field strength of about 2,000 (2,651 official strength), and they charged with the 47-year-old Uxbridge leading them and little reserve Scots Greys Regt. The Scots Greys, as part of the Union Brigade [so called as it was made up of a regiment of Heavy Cavalry from each part of Britain] were some of the finest heavy Cavalry in Europe and certainly one of the most feared. A quote of Napoleon of the charge at the Battle of Waterloo goes; "Ces terribles chevaux gris! Comme il travaillent!" (Those terrible grey horses, how they strive!) At approximately 1:30 pm, the second phase of the Battle of Waterloo opened. Napoleon launched D'Erlon's corps against the allied centre left. After being stopped by Picton's Peninsular War veterans, D'Erlon's troops came under attack from the side by the heavy cavalry commanded by Earl of Uxbridge including Major General Sir William Ponsonby's Scots Greys. The shocked ranks of the French columns surrendered in their thousands
A Good Original Antique Nickel G &JW Hawksley Gun Case Oil Bottle 19th century Ideal for all kinds of cased pistols or long guns. Excellent condition. 3cm across [at widest] 5.5cm inches high
A Good Original GR Crown Tower 1800's Third Pattern Brown Bess Musket Marked regimentally for the 1st Company. An absolute archetypal example as used by the Foot Guards in the War In The Peninsular and Waterloo. With fabulous rich dark patina to the walnut stock. Stock marked by maker TG. Lock marked Crown GR but very aged surface pitting to the steel obscures this somewhat. Excellent regimental markings of the 1st Co. No 32 [musket number]. During this time regimental markings of companies are rare, and usually, for frontline regiments, and militia, if listed at all, they were listed alphabetically, A.Co., B.Co. etc, however, for the elite British Foot Guards they were traditionally numbered numerically, ie.1st Co., 2nd Co. etc. The Second Battalion , fought in the most decisive battle of the whole war at Waterloo. It was here that the Second Battalion Coldstream Guards, along with the light company of the Scots Guards, held Hougoumont Farm. The farm secured the Allied right flank and was crucial to Wellington's plan. The French attacked the farm all through the day of 18 June with sixteen thousand troops, but failed to take it. The defence of the farm was commanded by Lt Col Macdonell, who along with Sgt Graham shared the honour of being "the bravest man in the army." They earned this title by shutting the north gates of Houqoumont when the French managed to break into the farm. Wellington said afterwards that "the outcome of the Battle of Waterloo rested upon the closing of the gates at Hougoumont". Wellington also said, "No troops but the British could have held Hougoumont, and only the best of them at that". The mainstay of British Infantry, used in the famous British 'Squares' at Waterloo and all the famous battles of the Napoleonic Wars. Good overall condition, and a fine and highly collectable piece. The nickname 'Brown Bess' started in the 1740's. Early uses of the term include the newspaper, the Connecticut Courant in April 1771, which said "…but if you are afraid of the sea, take Brown Bess on your shoulder and march." This familiar use must indicate widespread use of the term by that time. The 1785 Dictionary of Vulgar Tongue, a contemporary work which defined vernacular and slang terms, contained this entry: "Brown Bess: A soldier's firelock. To hug Brown Bess; to carry a fire-lock, or serve as a private soldier.". Rudyard Kipling, wrote in 1911 "In the days of lace-ruffles, perukes, and brocade Brown Bess was a partner whom none could despise - An out-spoken, flinty-lipped, brazen-faced jade, With a habit of looking men straight in the eyes - At Blenheim and Ramillies, fops would confess They were pierced to the heart by the charms of Brown Bess. ” As with all our antique guns no licence is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Good Original Masai Lion Hunter's Simi Dagger In traditional dyed skin covered wooden scabbard. Wide leaf shaped double edged blade. Skin covered wooden hilt.The Maasai people have traditionally viewed the killing of lions as a rite of passage. Historically, lion hunts were done by individuals, however, due to reduced lion populations, lion hunts done solo are discouraged by elders. Most hunts are now partaken by groups of 10 warriors. Group hunting, known in Maasai as olamayio, gives the lion population a chance to grow. Maasai customary laws prohibit killing a sick or infirm lion. The killing of lionesses is also prohibited unless provoked. At the end of each age-set, usually after a decade, the warriors count all of their lion kills to compare them with those hunted by the former age-set in order to measure accomplishment
A Good Plain Sykes Patent Copper Powder Flask. Early 19th Century. Good working spring action and measure.
A Good Victorian Sword Stick Of Bamboo Body and Diamond Shaped Blade The blade has a little discolouration but it is very nice quality and very sound. A long rapier blade with a good stout bamboo cane. A sound and effective concealed personal protection sword that was highly popular during the georgian to Victorian era. London, like many cities around the world at that time, could be a most trecherous place at night, and every gentleman, would carry a weapon for close quarter personal protection or deterrence. The early London Police force recruits 'Bobbies' or 'Peelers' [name after Sir Robert Peel their founder] were initially poorly selected. Of the first 2,800 new policemen, only 600 kept their jobs, and the first policeman, given the number 1, was sacked after only four hours service! Eventually, however, the impact upon crime, particularly organised crime led to an acceptance, and approval, of the Bobbies. Meanwhile, as they were so initially unpopular, and as the public of London had little or no coinfidence in them, armed personal protection was considered essential. Many would carry a small boxlock pistol or two, others might effect a sword stick
A Good Vintage 'Leg O'Mutton' Leather Guncase Superior grade handmade leather gun case, circa 1890 to 1920. Monogrammed 'M.P' Overall length 30 inches x 7 inches at widest. Barrel length capacity 28.5 inches. I strap AF [easily replaceable].
A Good Volunteer Metford Bayonet By Greener of Birmingham. Scarce maker In good overall condition with maker mark of Greener of Birmingham. No locking button. The Magazine Lee-Metford Rifle was in service 1888–1926 Boer War, various Colonial conflicts and World War I Variants MLM Mk II MLM Carbine Charlton Automatic Rifle Specifications Length 49.5 in (1,257 mm) Barrel length 30.2 in (767mm) Cartridge .303 Mk I Calibre .303 inch (7.7 mm) Action Bolt-action Rate of fire 20 rounds/minute Muzzle velocity 2,040 ft/s Effective range c. 800 yards (730 m) Maximum range 1,800 yards Feed system 8 or 10-round magazine Sights Sliding leaf rear sights, Fixed-post front sights, "Dial" long-range volley sights The Lee-Metford rifle (a.k.a. Magazine Lee-Metford, abbreviated MLM) was a bolt action British army service rifle, combining James Paris Lee's rear-locking bolt system and ten-round magazine with a seven groove rifled barrel designed by William Ellis Metford. It replaced the Martini-Henry rifle in 1888, following nine years of development and trials, but remained in service for only a short time until replaced by the similar Lee-Enfield.
A Good, English Use, Spherical Iron Head Battle Mace 600 to 800 years old A fine and original weapon from the 13th to 15th century with a multi spiked head of rounded pyramidical projections. On a replaced old haft. One of the oldest forms of battle weaponry that can trace it's origins back to the stone age, long before the use of daggers and swords.This is a super Medievil example, that most likely inflicted a terrible yet most effective result in hand to hand combat. Used from the time of the early Crusades.
A Good, Non-Regulation Pattern British Sea Service Flintlock Pistol Bearing many of the standard sea service pistol traits, such as the long elegant lines, the short eared brass butt cap, the ring neck cock and the brass tailed sideplate, but all with very slight variances, and the stock is a slightly lighter gauge. We believe it may likely be a British Merchant Navy service flintlock pistol, of the circa 1790's. Fine walnut stock, good tight action, but with a replaced side-plate nail that does not locate correctly. Old working life forend stock repair. 9.5 inch barrel with oval 1740 cp & v proofs. The whole raison d'etre of the Royal Navy is to protect British interests, property, colonies and vessels on the high seas, and in the 18th and early 19th century, many British merchant vessels suffered badly from French and Spanish Naval attacks, during the Anglo French Wars, and from rogue corsairs and pirates. The British maritime matelots were armed very similarly to their regular Royal Navy counterparts, as conflicts at sea were a very serious hazard, and an adequate form of defense for every vessel was an absolutely necessity in those perilous days.
A Good, Original 1796 Heavy Cavalry Trooper's Combat Sword An impressive original combat sword complete with it's unaltered disc guard hilt, and [unaltered] hatchet blade [both the disc and the blade were frequently altered at the time of use during the Napoleinic wars era]. Leather bound ribbed wood grip. Surface pitting overall. The 1796 Heavy Cavalry sword is probably the most famous and collectable British service combat sword of the Napoleonic Wars and Waterloo era. Certainly in part due to this pattern of sword being famously used by Major Sharpe of the 95th Rifles, in Bernard Cornwall's novels. Naturally their main interest is due to them being used by the elite heavy cavalry dragoon regiments. This is the pattern of sword used by the Union Brigade at the Battle of Waterloo, and a very popular and historical sword indeed. The pattern 1796 Heavy Cavalry Sword was the sword used by the British heavy cavalry (Lifeguards, Royal Horse Guards, Dragoon Guards and Dragoons), and King's German Legion Dragoons, through most of the period of the Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars. It played an especially notable role, in the hands of British cavalrymen, at the battles of Salamanca and Waterloo. The sword was a dedicated cutting weapon with a broad heavy blade and was renowned as being completely unfit for delicate swordsmanship. This was also the foundation for respect it gained from those who appreciated it; most cavalry troopers used the blades like bludgeons and the guards as knuckle dusters (as Le Marchant observed) and the 1796 was significantly more suited for this than most other swords. A well-known description of the brutal power of the weapon was made by Sgt. Charles Ewart, 2nd Dragoons (Scots Greys) concerning how he captured an Imperial Eagle at Waterloo: "It was in the charge I took the eagle off the enemy; he and I had a hard contest for it; he made a thrust at my groin I parried it off and cut him down through the head. After this a lancer came at me; I threw the lance off my right side, and cut him through the chin upwards through the teeth. Next, a foot soldier fired at me, then charged me with his bayonet, which I also had the good luck to parry, and I cut him down through the head; thus ended the contest"…………….. This sword we are pleased to offer is overall very nice indeed, in it's original scabbard. The hilt is engraved with regimental troop markings. One photo in the gallery is of Lady Butler's painting, the Charge of the Scots Greys at Waterloo.
A Good, Original 1796 Heavy Cavalry Trooper's Combat Sword By Bate Ordnance supplier of swords during the Napoleonic Wars. An impressive original combat sword complete with it's unaltered disc guard hilt, and langets and spear pointed blade [ their blade's tip were frequently altered at the time of use during the Napoleonic wars era and at Waterloo]. Leather bound, ribbed, wooden grip. Surface pitting overall on the scabbard. The 1796 Heavy Cavalry sword is probably the most famous and collectable British service combat sword of the Napoleonic Wars and Waterloo era. Certainly in part due to this pattern of sword being famously used by Major Sharpe of the 95th Rifles, in Bernard Cornwall's novels. Naturally their main interest is due to them being used by the elite heavy cavalry dragoon regiments. This is the pattern of sword used by the Union Brigade at the Battle of Waterloo, and a very popular and historical sword indeed. The pattern 1796 Heavy Cavalry Sword was the sword used by the British heavy cavalry (Lifeguards, Royal Horse Guards, Dragoon Guards and Dragoons), and King's German Legion Dragoons, through most of the period of the Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars. It played an especially notable role, in the hands of British cavalrymen, at the battles of Salamanca and Waterloo. The sword was a dedicated cutting weapon with a broad heavy blade and was renowned as being completely unfit for delicate swordsmanship. This was also the foundation for respect it gained from those who appreciated it; most cavalry troopers used the blades like bludgeons and the guards as knuckle dusters (as Le Marchant observed) and the 1796 was significantly more suited for this than most other swords. A well-known description of the brutal power of the weapon was made by Sgt. Charles Ewart, 2nd Dragoons (Scots Greys) concerning how he captured an Imperial Eagle at Waterloo: "It was in the charge I took the eagle off the enemy; he and I had a hard contest for it; he made a thrust at my groin I parried it off and cut him down through the head. After this a lancer came at me; I threw the lance off my right side, and cut him through the chin upwards through the teeth. Next, a foot soldier fired at me, then charged me with his bayonet, which I also had the good luck to parry, and I cut him down through the head; thus ended the contest"…………….. This sword we are pleased to offer is overall very nice indeed, the scabbard has been blackened and has overall service denting. A picture in the gallery of Sgt. Ewart capturing the French Eagle at Waterloo using his identical 1796 Heavy Cavalry trooper's sword
A Good, Robust, British 1853 'Charge of the Light Brigade' Lancer's Sabre A very good British 1853 pattern 'Heavy & Light Cavalry Lancer's Battle Sabre'. In good stout order but russetted overall. The chequered leather rivetted grips are completely original and very good. Maker marked blade by Reeve. This sword, through family repute, was used by a lancer in the 17th Lancers in the fateful Charge at Balaklava. However, of course 'by family repute' has little basis in provenence, sadly, but, it is withought doubt an intriguing possibility none the less. An identical sword, used in the charge, is exhibited in the 'Charge Regimental Museum' 13/18th Royal Hussars and Light Dragoons [also, see photo page 183 in 'Crimean Memories, Artifacts of the Crimean War' by William Hutchison, Micheal Vice and BJ Small]. The blade is good with natural age patina. The British Cavalry were issued with the 1853 pattern just before many regiments, including, the 4th, 8th, 11th, and the 13th Hussars, were sent to the Crimean War. In the Crimean War (1854-56), the 13th Light Dragoons were in the forefront of the famous Charge of the Light Brigade, immortalized by Tennyson's poem of that name ("Into the valley of death rode the six hundred"). The regiments adopted the title hussars at this time, and the uniform became very stylish, aping the hussars of the Austro-Hungarian army. But soon the blues and yellows and golds gave way to khaki as the British army found itself in skirmishes throughout the far-flung Empire, in India and South Africa especially. In 1854 the regiment received its orders from the War Office to prepare for service overseas. Five transport ships - Harbinger, Negotiator, Calliope, Cullodon, and the Mary Anne – embarking between the 8 May and 12 May, carried 20 officers, 292 other ranks and 298 horses. After a troubled voyage, the regiment arrived at Varna, Bulgaria on the 2 June. On the 28 August the entire Light Brigade (consisting of the 4th Light Dragoons and 13th Light Dragoons, 17th Lancers, the 8th Hussars and 11th Hussars, under the command of Major General the Earl of Cardigan) were inspected by Lord Lucan; five men of the 13th had already succumbed to cholera. On the 1 September the regiment embarked for the Crimea - a further three men dying en-route. On the 20 September the regiment, as part the Light Brigade, took part in the first major engagement of the Crimean War, the Battle of the Alma. The Light Brigade covered the left flank, although the regiment’s role in the battle was minimal. With the Russians in full retreat by late afternoon, Lord Lucan ordered the Light Brigade to pursue the fleeing enemy. However, the brigade was recalled by Lord Raglan as the Russians had kept some 3,000 uncommitted cavalry in reserve. During the 25 October the regiment, as part of the Light Brigade, took part in the Battle of Balaclava and the famous Charge of the Light Brigade. The 13th Light Dragoons formed the right of the front line along with the on the left. The 13th and 17th moved forward; after 100 yards the 11th Hussars, in the second line, also moved off followed by the 4th and 8th. It was not long before the brigade came under heavy Russian fire. Lord Cardigan, at the front of his men, charged into the Russian guns receiving a slight wound. He was soon followed by the 13th and 17th. The two squadrons of the 13th and the right squadron of the 17th were soon cutting down the artillerymen that had remained at their posts. Once the Russian guns had been passed, they engaged in a hand-to-hand fighting with the enemy that was endeavouring to surround them by closing in on either flank. However, the Light Brigade having insufficient forces and suffering heavy casualties, were soon forced to retire. Leather 5 rivet grip, triple bar guard.
A Gordon Highlanders Queen's South Africa Boer War Medal In very nice untouched and unpolished condition. Four clasps. The clouds were gathering in South Africa as Queen Victoria's reign drew to its close. The 2nd Battalion had reached there from Bombay and were at Ladysmith when war was declared. Resolved to stem the Boer invasion of Natal the garrison made a thrust towards Elandslaagte and it was there in October, 1899, that they first met the Boers in battle. The Boers were in a strong position and their arms and musketry were more modern and better than those of the British forces. The Gordons attacked as the pipers played and paid a heavy price, but the contested ridge was reached at last and shouting `Majuba` to remind them of what had befallen their comrades there at the hands of the Boers, they went after the retreating enemy. But the victory failed to disengage Ladysmith and they settled down to the dwindling amenities of a siege life which was to last until the 28th February, 1900. The 1st Battalion came out from Britain in time to join Lord Methuen`s attempt to relieve Kimberley and suffered heavily with the rest of the Highland brigade at Magersfontien so that the century ended in dismal fashion for the British troops. But with the arrival of Lord Roberts to take command the tide began to turn. The 1st Battalion saw Kitchener win his victory at Paardeberg and then they swept on to Bloemfontein, while in the east relief came to Ladysmith. The 1st Battalion distinguished themselves with rare gallantry at Hout Nek and then at Doornkop, led by Ian Hamilton, the Gordons won fresh laurels. Much has been written of that battle, but there is surely no better account than that given by Winston Churchill in his book, "Ian Hamilton's March." ` The honours, equally with the cost of victory, making every allowance for skilful direction and bold leading, belongs to the 1st Battalion Gordon Highlanders more than to all the troops put together. The rocks against which they marched proved to be the very heart of the enemy's position. The grass in front of the position was burnt and burning, and against this dark background the khaki figures showed distinctly. The Boers held their heaviest fire until the attack was within 800 yards, and then the ominous rattle of concentrated rifle fire burst forth. The advance neither checked or quickened. With remorseless stride, undisturbed by peril or enthusiasm. The Gordon Highlanders swept steadily onwards, changed direction half left to avoid as far as possible an enfilade fire, changed again to effect a lodgement on the end of the ridge most suitable to attack and at last rose up together to charge. The Boers shrunk from the attack……they fled in confusion……" The South African war ended, the 2nd Battalion returned to India
A Great, Original 1840's Double Rifled Barrell Howdah Pistol Made in Europe for the British Empire market with English Damascus twist rifled barrels, marked in gold 'Damas Anglais'. Large bore barrels, back action locks finely engraved throughout. Carved walnut stock. Circa 1840. With a pair of over and under rifled barrels. Early rifled percussion examples are particularly rare, as most percussion models were smoothbore, before the introduction of the cartridge taking breech loading Howdah pistols. A formidable and singularly impressive double barrel large bore pistol, for use when seated in the Howdah, when riding on an Elephant, for protection against Tiger attack. Scroll engraved all steel mounts. The name "Howdah pistol" comes from the sedan chair- known as a Howdah which is mounted on the back of an elephant. Hunters, and officers, especially during the period of the British Raj in India, used howdahs as a platform for hunting wild animals and needed large-calibre side-arms to protect themselves, the elephant, and their passengers from animal attacks at close range. Even though Howdah pistols were designed for use in the “gravest extreme” against dangerous game (such as tigers), they were used in combat by some officers, for both offence and defence, as their effectivenes was simply unrivalled in close quarter action. Demand for these potent weapons outstripped supply, and many seen still surviving today are in fact converted shotguns, with shortened barrels and pistol grip restocking, and in later years gunmakers responded with revolvers, in calibres as large as .500, in order to fill the need. Firearms like these were one source of inspiration for the overtly powerful .44 magnum revolver. A 1996 movie, called 'The Ghost and the Darkness', starring Michael Douglas, featured the Douglas character, Charles Remington, using an identical "howdah" pistol in several scenes. This pistol has signs of use and has two small screw, a lanyard ring and rammer lacking. Fortunately, these are small not significant pieces and would be very easy to replace or leave as is. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables 7.5 inches barrels, 14.25 inches overall long
A Great, Victorian, Kaffrarian Volunteer Artillery Officer's Battle Sword 1870's. A wide heavy gauge battle sword with full Volunteer Artillery corps etching, and a monogrammed panel. Traditional 3 bar guard. Overall russet surface, with bright polished blade. Through family research the officer served in the Kaffrarian Volunteer Artillery in the Zulu War, and was transferred to the Frontier Caribiniers. He obtained his Zulu War medal, one of only 12 men to receive such a medal, while serving in the Kaffrarian Volunteer Artillery. No scabbard.
A Historismus Medievil Style War Hammer A four pronged Medieval style War Hammer and Armour Piercer with a nailed wooden steel braced haft. Probably 19th century. The War Hammer sometimes referred to as the 'Lucerne Hammer' was a fearsome piece of Medieval Knightly weaponry designed to smash heavy steel helmets and puncture heavy breast Armour. It was remarkably effective.
A Hopkins and Allen 1872 Blue Jacket No2 Deringer Revolver A very rare British proof stamped model. .32 RF barrel with a very good plus bore. Metal surfaces retains about 95% original nickel. The smooth rosewood grips rate very good indeed. Gun times and locks up with a crisp action. An excellent example. The Hopkins and Allen company was founded in 1868 by S. S. Hopkins, C. W. Hopkins and C. H. Allen. A highly sound and effective personal protection pistol that was designed for close protection use in the American Wild West frontier towns but in very limited numbers were imported into London and were highly popular, with those that could afford them, during the late Victorian era. London, like many cities around the world at that time, could be a most treacherous place at night, and every gentleman, or indeed lady, would carry a pocket pistol for close quarter personal protection or deterrence. The Victorian London Police force 'Bobbies' or 'Peelers' as they were known did a relatively fine job of keeping London streets much safer than they had ever been before, but confidence in them was low, and there were areas that were still only ever to be ventured when armed. There was a story at the time, in around 1885, that a gentleman saw a lady being accosted in a busy London shopping street [possibly Oxford St.] and about to give chase, yet unarmed, he asked all around him if any gentleman present were armed and would they lend him the use of their pistol. Within 20 yards he was offered the use of over five revolvers by four men and one lady! In the gallery we show a Punch cartoon "Blind-man's Buff": by John Tenniel (22 September 1888) criticising the police's alleged incompetence. The failure of the police to capture the first and now the most famous serial killer in the world, 'Jack the Ripper' reinforced the attitude held by radicals that the police were inept and mismanaged and reinforced the public's desire to own personal protection revolvers such as this example.
A Horn Hilt Jambiya With solid horn hilt double edged blade and leather scabbard.19th century.
A Huge Zweihänder, or, Great Sword, Late 16th Century Style A massively impressive piece. Probably a late 18th century example, this is a fabulous historismus sword based on those illustrated in Meyer's fechtbuch of 1570, with tapering blade formed with a pronounced broad ricasso, steel hilt including a pair of straight quillons with globular terminal, side-rings, gadrooned pommel, and in age patinated condition, The Zweihänder (German for "two hander", also called Great sword, Bidenhänder or Bihänder), is a two-handed sword primarily of the Renaissance. It is a true two-handed sword because it requires two hands to wield it. This is in comparison with other large swords that can be used with two hands, but also can be used with one. The Zweihänder swords develop seamlessly out of the German "Langschwert" (longsword) of the Late Middle Ages, and they became a hallmark weapon of the German Landsknechte from the time of Maximilian I (d. 1519) and during the Italian Wars of 1494–1559. The Goliath Fechtbuch (1510) shows an intermediate form between longsword and Zweihänder These swords represent the final stage in the trend of increasing size started in the 14th century. In its developed form, the Zweihänder has acquired the characteristics of a polearm rather than a sword. Consequently, it is not carried in a sheath, but across the shoulder like a halberd. By the second half of the 16th century, these swords had largely ceased to have a practical application, but they continued to see ceremonial or representative use well into the 17th century and beyond. Some ceremonial zweihänder, called "bearing-swords" or "parade-swords" (Paratschwert), were much larger, weighing about 10 pounds. The weapon is mostly associated with either Swiss or German mercenaries known as Landsknecht, and their wielders were Doppelsöldner. However, the Swiss outlawed their use, while the Landsknecht kept using them until much later. The Black Band of German mercenaries (active during the 1510s and 1520s) included 2,000 two-handed swordsmen in a total strength of 17,000 men. Zweihänder wielders fought with and against pike formations. There are some accounts of Zweihänders cutting off pike heads. Soldiers trained in the use of the sword were granted the title of Meister des langen Schwertes. Sword 63.75 inches long overall, Crossguard 13 inches across
A Jager Military Rifle, As used by the Early, British, 60th Rifles Regt. During the Napoleonic Wars, The Peninsular War The War of 1812 in America and at Waterloo. The near identical predecessor to the Baker military rifle, a super and fine example, but with the traditional German style patch box in wood [as opposed to the Baker's brass version]. A very fine walnut stock, brass furniture, including scroll trigger guard, large ramrod pipes, heavy steel ramrod. 28.75 inch rifled octagonal barrel, 44 inches long overall, and covered in military regimental markings. It is matching serial numbered 157 D [company] on the butt plate, rammer and barrel. The barrel tang has another number [possibly applied when converted to percussion action], and a King George IIIrd crown stamp is on the stock. It also bears a CJH which may be Corps[ Jager ] Hompesch. Incredibly, inside the patch box is it's original hand written label circa 1800 that gives what we believe the name of the rifleman [Kluge] it's calibre, the gun's number [157] promise right of supply?? and notes on it's accuracy at 100 ,150, 200, 250, 300, 400, 500, 600 & 700 meters. Before the standard Baker rifle [which was a near direct copy of the Jager rile] replaced the Jager rifles, this was the type of gun acquired from Prussia by the British ordnance and issued to the earliest British rifle regiments formed in the late 18th century. They were then used in America and Ireland, and then in Spain, Portugal & France in the Napoleonic Wars. These rifles are referred to in British Military Firearms 1650 to 1850 by Howard Blackmore. The story of the earliest British rifle regiment goes as follows; at the end of 1797 - the year in which the Duke of York became colonel in-chief -of the 60th, it was decided to increase British forces in America, and an Act of Parliament was passed authorizing the Crown "to augment His Majesty's 60th Regiment of Infantry by the addition of a Fifth Battalion," to serve in America only, and to consist of foreigners. This battalion, the first green-coated rifle battalion in the Army, was organized under the command of Lieut-Colonel Baron de Rottenburg, of Hompesch's Corps. It was formed of 17 officers and 300 men from Hompesch's Chasseurs, and was dressed in bottle-green cut-away coats with scarlet facings, white waistcoats, blue pantaloons, with black leather helmets and black belts. They were armed, at first, with inferior 'contract' rifles imported from Germany, but after those were rejected this better type was chosen. This fifth or "Jager" battalion served in Ireland in 1798 during the Rebellion, and then proceeded to the West Indies, where, in June, 1799, it received 33 officers and 600 men from Lowenstein's Chasseurs, another regiment of foreigners, at the capture of Surinam in 1791 and afterwards in South and North America. In 1804 an Act was passed authorizing 10,000 foreign troops to serve in England, and the 5th Battalion was brought home in consequence in 1806. It went to Portugal in June, 1808, and from the opening skirmish at Obidos, on 15th August, two days before the battle of Roleia or Rolica down to the end of the war, took part in Wellington's campaigns in Portugal, Spain and the South of France. After the peace, this battalion was disbanded. This rifle is a superb piece and all the metal is in great condition. In the last picture in the gallery there is a picture of a 60th Rifleman next to a 95th in the Peninsular War. Note the 60th Rifleman's patchbox on his Jager Rifle. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Khedive Star Medal Five pointed star with a central raised circle bearing an image of the Sphinx with the Pyramids behind, the word ‘EGYPT’ above followed by a year (for the first three issues and undated for the fourth) with the same written in Arabic below. The reverse has the monogram of the Khedive under a crown within a raised circle. The Khedive of Egypt presented a bronze star to all Officers and men of the Navy and Army who were engaged in the suppression of the rebellion of Egypt in 1882. The suspender [lacking] was straight with a crescent and five pointed star in the centre which is attached to the star with a small metal loop passing through a small ring between the two top points of the star. Ist issue dated 1882. Good Very Fine condition. No ribbon,mount.Unnamed as issued.
A King George IIIrd 1805 East India Co. Baker Rifle 'Type' Sword- Bayonet Most similar to the 1805 Baker rifle sword-bayonet, but, with a lighter grade hilt. Likely made to fit a gun similar to ours [stock number 17100] that is also not a Baker, but similar, and from the same era. The hilt is brass and the small quillon is lacking. Rounded tip.
A King George IIIrd East India Co. Dragoon Cavalry Pistol. With walnut stock, steel barrel and mounts, steel lock with EIC Lion, and British ordnance mark. Manufactured around 1800. The East India Co. was an English and latterly a British company with an Army that was led by British officer's with a mixture of British and [mainly] Indian other ranks. It had a most effective and powerful Navy and it's Army rivalled that of any in the world. It had many famous historical figures amongst it's members including, General Robert Clive [Of India] Lord Arthur Wellesley the Duke of Wellington, and a past Governor was Elihu Yale who was a British merchant and philanthropist, Governor of the East India Company settlement in Bengal, at Calcutta and Chennai and a benefactor of the Collegiate School of Connecticut, which in 1718 was renamed Yale College [of Connecticut USA] in his honour. The East India Company was, an anomaly without a parallel in the history of the world. It originated from sub-scriptions, trifling in amount, of a few private individuals. It gradually became a commercial body with gigantic resources, and by the force of unforeseen circumstances assumed the form of a sovereign power. The company's encounters with foreign competitors eventually required it to assemble its own military and administrative departments, thereby becoming an imperial power in its own right, though the British government began to reign it in by the late eighteenth century. Before Parliament created a government-controlled policy-making body with the Regulating Act of 1773 and the India Act eleven years later, shareholders' meetings made decisions about Britain's de facto colonies in the East. The Company continued to experience resistance from local rulers during its expansion. The great Robert Clive led company forces against Siraj Ud Daulah, the last independent Nawab of Bengal, Bihar, and Midnapore district in Odisha to victory at the Battle of Plassey in 1757, resulting in the conquest of Bengal. This victory estranged the British and the Mughals, since Siraj Ud Daulah was a Mughal feudatory ally. With the gradual weakening of the Marathas in the aftermath of the three Anglo-Maratha wars, the British also secured the Ganges-Jumna Doab, the Delhi-Agra region, parts of Bundelkhand, Broach, some districts of Gujarat, the fort of Ahmmadnagar, province of Cuttack (which included Mughalbandi/the coastal part of Odisha, Garjat/the princely states of Odisha, Balasore Port, parts of Midnapore district of West Bengal), Bombay (Mumbai) and the surrounding areas, leading to a formal end of the Maratha empire and firm establishment of the British East India Company in India. Hyder Ali and Tipu Sultan, the rulers of the Kingdom of Mysore, offered much resistance to the British forces. Having sided with the French during the Revolutionary war, the rulers of Mysore continued their struggle against the Company with the four Anglo-Mysore Wars. Mysore finally fell to the Company forces in 1799, with the death of Tipu Sultan. The British government took away the Company's monopoly in 1813, and after 1834 it worked as the government's agency until the 1857 India Mutiny when the Colonial Office took full control. The East India Company went out of existence in 1873. During its heyday, the East India Company not only established trade through Asia and the Middle East but also effectively became of the ruler of territories vastly larger than the United Kingdom itself. In addition, it also created, rather than conquered, colonies. Singapore, for example, was an island with very few Malay inhabitants in 1819 when Sir Stamford Raffles purchased it for the Company from their ruler, the Sultan of Johor, and created what eventually became one of the world's greatest trans-shipment ports. The gun is in good operational order and condition. What may have been a date has been removed from the lock. This was often done in the mid 19th century when older military pistols were sold off by military surplus retailers, with their earlier manufactured dates removed, so the weapon did not appear to old for current use.
A King George IIIrd Flintlock Duelling Pistol By Circa 1765 A Fine walnut stock, steel barrel held with barrel slides, steel lock with sliding safety and fine steel furniture, stock of juglans regia with rub-over steel butt cap, and slab sided grips, acorn finial steel trigger guard beautiful original polish and good distinct grip grain. Brass tipped ramrod. All the steel is very nicely patinated. The golden era of the dueling pistol in Britain lasted from around 1770 to 1850. By 1780 it was stated that "pistols are the weapons now generally made use of." Robert Wogdon was the most celebrated of the manufacturers of flintlock pistols, whose object was to make a nicely balanced, fine handling, accurate and often intentionally beautiful pistol. Wogdon began working as a gunmaker in London in 1765 and opened a shop in the fashionable Haymarket at the end of 1774. Atkinson estimates the number of lives claimed by Wogdon pistols in the "many hundreds," earning Wogdon the sobriquet of the "patron of that leaden death." One of the most famous duels in United States history took place on July 11, 1804 between Aaron Burr and Alexander Hamilton at Weehawken, New Jersey. Hamilton, the former Treasury secretary died as a result of his wound, former Vice President Burr was indicted for murder but not prosecuted. Three years earlier Alexander Hamilton's son had been killed in duel at the same spot using the same set of tricked-out .544 caliber English-made Wogdon pistols. A picture in the gallery is of the The Wogdon pistols used in the infamous Hamilton-Burr Duel from the Chase Manhattan Archives, New York [For information only] As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables. One photo in the gallery shows the original Hamilton-Burr Wogdon pistols, the top most flintlock pistol is a near pair to ours. In the gallery is also a period engraving of the duel. A pistol in sleeper condition [untouched for likely over 100 years] with small natural age related polished surface imperfections.
A King George IIIrd Fowling Piece A most charming long gun, circa 1790, with a walnut stock, steel furniture with pineapple trigger guard finial, gold lInd damascus twist barrel, that at one time had a gold makers seal inlaid at the breech, now lacking. A long gun that would make an eminently attractive display piece. The action has been percussion converted and no longer functions.As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A King George IIIrd Officer's Chinoiserie Papier Mache Snuff Box Decorated in gold with three mandarin figures, with painted faces, standing next to a pagoda in a garden. Rectangular box in black lacquer. In exceptional near mint condition. Paper was first made by Ts' ai Lun, an official at the Chinese court of the Emperor Ho Ti, who developed an ingenious way of breaking down plants and rags into single fibres. The fibres were pounded to a pulp and collected on a fabric-covered frame, where they matted and dried as paper. The knowledge of paper-making spread to Japan, the Middle East and India, finally reaching Europe via Spain in the 10th century AD. Papier mache devoloped from paper in China into the making of Royal artefacts, including furniture, boxes screens and even armour for the royal palaces. It's popularity in Europe gained great interest and it was similarly made into many useful and interesting objects. The Chinosserie style was very popular indeed from the 17th century and reached it's peak in the era of King George IIIrd.
A King George IIIrd Root Wood Cudgel Or Sheighleyle A shillelagh is a wooden walking stick and club or cudgel, typically made from a stout knotty stick with a large knob at the top, that is associated with Ireland and Irish folklore. Most also have a heavy knob for a handle which can be used for striking as well as parrying and disarming an opponent. Many shillelaghs also have a strap attached (hence the Irish name), similar to commercially made walking sticks, to place around the holder's wrist. The name, an Anglophone corruption of the Irish sail éille, appears to have become convolved with that of the village and barony in County Wicklow. The shillelagh was originally used for settling disputes in a gentlemanly manner—like pistols in colonial America, or the katana in Japan. Modern practitioners of bataireacht study the use of the shillelagh for self defense and as a martial art.Methods of shillelagh fighting have evolved over a period of thousands of years, from the spear, staff, axe and sword fighting of the Irish. There is some evidence which suggests that the use of Irish stick weapons may have evolved in a progression from a reliance on long spears and wattles, to shorter spears and wattles, to the shillelagh, alpeen, blackthorn (walking-stick) and short cudgel. By the 19th century Irish shillelagh-fighting had evolved into a practice which involved the use of three basic types of weapons, sticks which were long, medium or short in length
A King George IInd Silver 6d Made From Captured Spanish Silver from Peru Dated 1746. A 'Lima'-hallmarked sixpence, which was coined from silver seized at sea by Commodore [later Admiral] Anson on his global voyage in search of Spanish treasure. It's a great sea story, told many times in many sources, and fictionalized by Patrick O'Brian in the novel called "The Golden Ocean." The specie taken by Anson had been mined at the rich silver town of Lima, Peru, and was enroute to Spain when it was captured by the British and shipped to Portsmouth, where a great enclave of Englishmen met it and the returned navalmen. The silver specie was minted into sixpence, shillings, halfcrowns and crowns; the small amount of gold, into half-guineas, guineas and five-guineas. Most of the coins were readily spent during the era; few of any denomination survive today. This sixpence is particulary interesting in that it has been overstuck with a hallmark and a number 7. The silver was 'liberated' by Commodore Anson during his voyage around the world to capture Spanish booty from the treasure ships leaving South America. His early years of the voyage were riddled with strife and disaster, losing much of his six warship fleet, however, the indomitable perseverance he had shown during one of the most arduous voyages in the history of sea adventure gained the reward of the capture of an immensely rich prize, The Spanish, Manila Galleon, Nuestra Señora de Covadonga, possessing 1,313,843 pieces of eight, which he encountered off Cape Espiritu Santo on 20 June 1743. Anson took his prize back to Macau, sold her cargo to the Chinese, and sailed for England, which he reached via the Cape of Good Hope on 15 June 1744. The prize money earned by the capture of the galleon had made him a rich man for life, and it enabled his heirs to rebuild Shugborough Hall, the family estate. Anson's chaplain, Richard Walter, recorded the circumnavigation, which he included in A Voyage Round the World published in 1748. It is, "written in brief, perspicuous terms", wrote Thomas Carlyle in his History of Friedrich II, "a real poem in its kind, or romance all fact; one of the pleasantest little books in the world's library at this time". Anson's success is all the more remarkable when it is understood that although the Admiralty gave him six ships, it availed him no crew, which he had to endeavour to find himself. As a last resort he crewed his ships with 'Invalides' from the Chelsea Hospital. Men regarded as too old to fight, or too infirm or disabled. In fact, before sailing, over half his crew were brought aboard on stretchers. When the prize from his voyage was appraised, Anson took three-eighths of the prize money available for distribution from the Covadonga which by one estimate came to £91,000 [around £60,000,000 in today's equivalent ] compared with the £719 [around £450,000 today] he earned as captain during the 3 year 9 month voyage. By contrast, a seaman would have received perhaps only £300 bounty [£250,000 today], although even that amounted to 20 years' wages in those days. In May 1747, he commanded the fleet that defeated the French Admiral de la Jonquière at the First Battle of Cape Finisterre, capturing four ships of the line, two frigates and seven merchantmen. In consequence, Anson became very popular, and was promoted to Vice Admiral and elevated to the peerage as Lord Anson, Baron of Soberton, in the County of Southampton
A King George IVth Police Constable's Truncheon Painted with the King's cypher and crown. A fair amount of paint wear but still a nice example. The 18th century had been a rough and disorderly age, with mob violence, violent crimes, highwaymen, smugglers and the new temptations to disorder brought about by the Industrial Revolution. Clearly something had to be done. In 1829 the Metropolitan Police Force, organised by Sir Robert Peel, was established to keep the order in London. The force, under a Commissioner of the Police with headquarters at Scotland Yard, was essentially a civilian one: its members were armed only with wooden truncheons and at first wore top-hats and blue frock-coats. The "Peelers" or "Bobbies" were greeted largely with derision by Londoners, but they did become accepted fairly quickly. Thier primary purpose was to prevent crime, and some London criminals left their haunting grounds of London for the larger provincial towns, which in turn established their own forces on the Metropolitan model. The pattern followed through to the small villages and countryside. To secure co-operation between the spreading network and establish further forces, Parliament passed an act in 1856 to co-ordinate the work of the various forces and gave the Home Secretary the power to inspect them. In the counties, under the Police Act of 1890, the police became the combined responsibility of the local authorities - the County Councils - and the Justice of the Peace, while in London, the Metropolitan Police at Scotland Yard remained under the Commissioner appointed by the Home Office. At the turn of the century, the British police force established a reputation for humane and kindly efficiency. Their mere existence undoubtedly did a lot to prevent crime, and they built up what was on the whole a highly effective system of investigation and arrest.
A King George IVth Police Tipstaff With areas of painted finish lacking. Traditional of uppermost cylindrical form with a turned grip. The 18th century had been a rough and disorderly age, with mob violence, violent crimes, highwaymen, smugglers and the new temptations to disorder brought about by the Industrial Revolution. Clearly something had to be done. In 1829 the Metropolitan Police Force, organised by Sir Robert Peel, was established to keep the order in London. The force, under a Commissioner of the Police with headquarters at Scotland Yard, was essentially a civilian one: its members were armed only with wooden truncheons and at first wore top-hats and blue frock-coats. The "Peelers" or "Bobbies" were greeted largely with derision by Londoners, but they did become accepted fairly quickly. Thier primary purpose was to prevent crime, and some London criminals left their haunting grounds of London for the larger provincial towns, which in turn established their own forces on the Metropolitan model. The pattern followed through to the small villages and countryside. To secure co-operation between the spreading network and establish further forces, Parliament passed an act in 1856 to co-ordinate the work of the various forces and gave the Home Secretary the power to inspect them. In the counties, under the Police Act of 1890, the police became the combined responsibility of the local authorities - the County Councils - and the Justice of the Peace, while in London, the Metropolitan Police at Scotland Yard remained under the Commissioner appointed by the Home Office. At the turn of the century, the British police force established a reputation for humane and kindly efficiency. Their mere existence undoubtedly did a lot to prevent crime, and they built up what was on the whole a highly effective system of investigation and arrest.
A King William IVth 1830 Police Special Constable's Truncheon Decorated body with remains of crown WR and Special Constable . Made by Parker of Holborn. A fair amount of surface wear, but a very honest early piece by the best maker.
A Knights Rowel Spur of the 16th Century With Buckle From the era of the War of The Holy League. An alliance between King Henry VIII, Pope Julius II, Venice and Ferdinand of Spain against the feared force of France and Germany under the brilliant command of the 21 year old Gaston de Foix. The Papal alliance suffered very badly against the young General but they eventually defeated and killed him at the Ronco River during the siege of Ravenna. After his death the French forces were crushed at Novara by the Swiss, the German Landsknechts fled their French army comrades and the English marched into France from Calais, and it was only due to the indecisiveness of the alliance forces that France was eventually saved immediately before the war was over.
A Large And Hugely Impressive Antique Chief's Spearhead Extraordinary large size leaf shaped spear head in forged iron with central rib, likely a lance head for the tribal chief or king to carry as his badge of rank. 17.5 inches long o/a, 4.75 inches wide, weighs just over 1.5 pounds. Likely from the Gogo, Nyaturu, Irangi North at the Southeast side of Lake Victoria from the Sukuma and Washashi. The GoGo , a fierce, warlike tribe that Stanley passed on his way to Ujiji, looking for Livingstone .
A Large Calibre 1860's Pinfire Revolver. Fully Deep Chisseled Engraving This is a very pretty pistol, made for a man of extravagence and style. With most attractive ivy leaf and vine pattern grips in ivorine. The steel is good but has a few small areas of old pitting. Single action. General 'Stonewall' Jackson owned a pair of most similar pistols, and Wild Bill Hickok carried a pair of ivory gripped engraved revolvers. As with all our antique guns, no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Late 18th Century Arabian Pirate's Long Miquelet Pistol A pistol with a most distinctive miquelet lock, most highly prized by the Barbary Corsairs. A pistol with most flamboyant yet naïve brass fittings and steel lock, and a good strong tight action. A most effective pistol that once discharged made an excellent club for knocking an opponant insensible [if he was lucky]. The Barbary pirates, sometimes called Barbary corsairs or Ottoman corsairs, were pirates and privateers who operated from North Africa, based primarily in the ports of Algiers, Tunis and Tripoli. This area was known in Europe as the Barbary Coast, a term derived from the name of its Berber inhabitants. Their predation extended throughout the Mediterranean, south along West Africa's Atlantic seaboard and even South America, and into the North Atlantic as far north as Iceland, but they primarily operated in the western Mediterranean. In addition to seizing ships, they engaged in Razzias, raids on European coastal towns and villages, mainly in Italy, France, Spain, and Portugal, but also in Great Britain and Ireland, the Netherlands and as far away as Iceland. The main purpose of their attacks was to capture Christian slaves for the Muslim market in North Africa and the Middle East. While such raids had occurred since soon after the Muslim conquest of the region, the terms Barbary pirates and Barbary corsairs are normally applied to the raiders active from the 16th century onwards, when the frequency and range of the slavers' attacks increased and Algiers, Tunis and Tripoli came under the sovereignty of the Ottoman Empire, either as directly administered provinces or as autonomous dependencies known as the Barbary States. Similar raids were undertaken from Salé and other ports in Morocco, but strictly speaking Morocco, which never came under Ottoman dominance, was not one of the Barbary States. Corsairs captured thousands of ships, and long stretches of coast in Spain and Italy were almost completely abandoned by their inhabitants, discouraging settlement until the 19th century. From the 16th to 19th century, corsairs captured an estimated 800,000 to 1.25 million people as slaves. Some corsairs were European outcasts and converts such as John Ward and Zymen Danseker. Hayreddin Barbarossa and Oruç Reis, the Barbarossa brothers, who took control of Algiers on behalf of the Ottomans in the early 16th century, were also famous corsairs. The European pirates brought state-of-the-art sailing and shipbuilding techniques to the Barbary Coast around 1600, which enabled the corsairs to extend their activities into the Atlantic Ocean, and the impact of Barbary raids peaked in the early to mid-17th century. The scope of corsair activity began to diminish in the latter part of the 17th century, as the more powerful European navies started to compel the Barbary States to make peace and cease attacking their shipping. However, the ships and coasts of Christian states without such effective protection continued to suffer until the early 19th century. Following the Napoleonic Wars and the Congress of Vienna in 1814-5 European powers agreed upon the need to suppress the Barbary corsairs entirely and the threat was largely subdued, although occasional incidents continued until finally terminated by the French conquest of Algiers in 1830. The pistol has an old crack in the butt.
A Late 18th Century Infantry Officer's Hangar From The 1780's Good steel hilt in the spadroon form, with a carved fluted ebony hilt and curved fullered blade. A good original King George IIIrd period officer's sword, from the late American War of Independence period.
A Late Victorian Model Desk Cannon Cast Bronze Cannon Barrel set on an oak Ship's Deck Carriage. A beautiful and most attractive gentleman's desk ornament. 9 inch barrel 11,5 inches overall. Brass wheels [1 missing]. A simple and small item to replace with the most basic of engineering skills required.
A Late Viking Form Cruciform Hilted Broadsword With 'Brazil Nut' Pommel 10th century AD style. A hand-forged sword comprising a long, gently tapering blade, rectangular-section crossguard, flat-section tang and brazil-nut pommel; the blade with very shallow fuller to both faces; the tip pointed; replaced wooden grip. Overall length 35 inches. From an old London collection. The brazil-nut pommel and hilt is Geibig's Type 12, beginning in the later 10th century and continuing in use for around two centuries. Blade Geibig's type 3, 29 inches long. The condition of this beautiful sword's hilt is, although aged and russetted, we believe not poor enough to be of it's original apparent vintage. We estimate the blade to the early, but the hilt to be 18th century, with a replaced wooden grip, likely 19th. The blade has typical early delaminated areas. This may be an old family relic blade that has been rehilted during it's life in a castle armoury collection
A Long, Horse Holster Flintlock Pistol Of the Ottoman Empire Fancy cast and chisseled brass mounts, including a long eared butt with very fine and elegant casting designs. Long 12 inch steel barrel. Fully engraved lock with fine intricate floral scrolls. Good quality walnut stock, of an excellent close grain, very nicely scroll engraved. Circa 1790. Pistols of this form were not only popular in the whole Ottoman Empire, but also throughout the whole Mediterranean region and southern Europe during the entire Napoleonic wars period and for some considerable time after. Very tight lock indeed. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Magnificent 1763 Silver Sword, Identical To George Washington's Sword. And it is very rare to be complete, in it's original silver and leather scabbard, By London silversmith, William Kinman. 99.9% of all swords from this era do not survive with their original scabbards. With two volumes of the life of George Washinton, publ' 1832. Including a copy of the hand drawn letter "A Declaration by the Representatives of the United States of America, in General Congress assembled." This is a near identical, original, example to Washington's sword that was worn by Washington during his inauguration as President in New York on April 30, 1789. It was given to him by his friend, Maj. Gen. William Drake. Washington's sword now resides in Morristown National Historic Park. This sword was made in hallmarked solid silver in 1763, by famed London smith Walter Brind. London was the primary base as makers of finest swords for famous notables. This sword was worn in the revolutionary war by either an American or British officer. It was part of a 'George Washington' collection of original American Revolutionary War Swords, used in the war, that match famous swords, either worn by or surrendered to, General George Washington. George Washington was the first President of the United States (1789–1797), the commander-in-chief of the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War, and one of the Founding Fathers of the United States. He presided over the convention that drafted the United States Constitution, which replaced the Articles of Confederation and which remains the supreme law of the land. Washington was elected President as the unanimous choice of the electors in 1788, and he served two terms in office. He oversaw the creation of a strong, well-financed national government that maintained neutrality in the wars raging in Europe, suppressed rebellion, and won acceptance among Americans of all types. His leadership style established many forms and rituals of government that have been used since, such as using a cabinet system and delivering an inaugural address. Further, the peaceful transition from his presidency to the presidency of John Adams established a tradition that continues into the 21st century. Washington was hailed as "father of his country" even during his lifetime. Washington was born into the provincial gentry of Colonial Virginia; his wealthy planter family owned tobacco plantations and slaves. After both his father and older brother died when he was young, Washington became personally and professionally attached to the powerful William Fairfax, who promoted his career as a surveyor and soldier. Washington quickly became a senior officer in the colonial forces during the first stages of the French and Indian War. Chosen by the Second Continental Congress in 1775 to be commander-in-chief of the Continental Army in the American Revolution, Washington managed to force the British out of Boston in 1776, but was defeated and almost captured later that year when he lost New York City. After crossing the Delaware River in the dead of winter, he defeated the British in two battles, retook New Jersey and restored momentum to the Patriot cause. Because of his strategy, Revolutionary forces captured two major British armies at Saratoga in 1777 and Yorktown in 1781. Historians laud Washington for his selection and supervision of his generals, encouragement of morale and ability to hold together the army, coordination with the state governors and state militia units, relations with Congress and attention to supplies, logistics, and training. In battle, however, Washington was repeatedly outmaneuvered by British generals with larger armies. After victory had been finalized in 1783, Washington resigned as Commander-in-chief rather than seize power, proving his opposition to dictatorship and his commitment to American republicanism. Dissatisfied with the weaknesses of the Continental Congress, in 1787 Washington presided over the Constitutional Convention that devised a new Federal government of the United States. Elected unanimously as the first President of the United States in 1789, he attempted to bring rival factions together to unify the nation. He supported Alexander Hamilton's programs to pay off all state and national debt, to implement an effective tax system and to create a national bank (despite opposition from Thomas Jefferson). Washington proclaimed the United States neutral in the wars raging in Europe after 1793. He avoided war with Great Britain and guaranteed a decade of peace and profitable trade by securing the Jay Treaty in 1795, despite intense opposition from the Jeffersonians. Although he never officially joined the Federalist Party, he supported its programs. Washington's Farewell Address was an influential primer on republican virtue and a warning against partisanship, sectionalism, and involvement in foreign wars. He retired from the presidency in 1797 and returned to his home, Mount Vernon, and his domestic life where he managed a variety of enterprises. He freed all his slaves by his final will. In 1976 Wilkinson Sword company made limited edition copies of this sword and these modern copies can now fetch four figure sums.
A Magnificent Antique Renaissance Style Classical Iron Parade Shield Decorated in great detail with a lion's head central boss surrounded with classical combat scenes from antiquity. Made in the Victorian period during the Renaissance revival period, when amazing artifacts by such great artists as Cellini were copied to decorate the interiors of stately homes and castles around Europe. This shield bears a wonderous scene of armoured warriors and princes 'a la antica' style . This shield is a work of art, made for display rather than battle. During the 16th century armour was not only used in war and tournaments but was worn for parades, royal entries into towns and other state occasions to denote the wealth, status and majesty of noble households. This shield recalls a sixteenth-century tradition in which armour and weapons made for parade and display were as much the products of the goldsmith as the armourer. 21.25 inches across, small rim edge lacking, Weight 6 kilos
A Magnificent HM Silver Gilt King George IVth Presentation Sword By Prosser A significant historical sword, presented to the Lt Col who was in charge of the brigade of militia who put down the notorious Slave Insurrection of 1823. Presented to Lt. Col. Stephen Arthur Goodman, formally the Duke of Wellington's Deputy Judge Advocate, at the Battle of Waterloo in 1815 [he was also formerly a Lt Col of the 48th Foot]. This sword was presented to the Colonel, some 8 years after Waterloo, in 1823, in his capacity as Lt.Col of the George Town Brigade of Militia, in the United Colony of Demerara-Essequibo [latterly British Guyana, while still on half pay as Col. Of the 48th Foot]. This beautiful sword is probably one of the most elaborate and beautiful British swords we have ever seen. The mounts are, in their beauty, equal to, or possibly better, than any Lloyds sword we have seen. The hilt and scabbard mountings are in our opinion superior, in that Lloyds swords were very fine indeed, but gilt bronze, yet on this sword they are superior silver gilt. The fully etched presentation inscription is most detailed, in that it relates most profusely to the Colonel who was not only at the time the Commandant of the George Town and Colony Brigade of Militia, he was also the Colony's Vendue-Master. It was presented by the inhabitants of George Town and the vicinity in grateful thanks in his unwearing exertions at the breaking out & after 'ye insurrection'. Dedicating it as a small token and wishing him good health happiness and future honors. Prosser was one of the foremost and important sword smiths in England. His business patent declared he was 'Prosser maker to the King and the Royal Family, London'. According to May & Annis, Prosser kept this particular wording of Royal patent until 1827. Wm. Prosser (and John?) Sword Cutlers, were the King's sword makers and made for the Duke of Wellington. They also made swords for Count Platen, Aide de Camp to the King of Hanover, who was ordering swords [such as worn by Cold Stream Guards), in September 1818. Almost most every great English family of the nobility used Prosser for their finest swords, from the 1790's till the 1830's. Prosser's presentation swords are also a central part of the Royal Collection. A brief history of the Colony is as follows; The first European to discover Guiana was Sir Walter Raleigh, an English explorer. The Dutch were the first Europeans to settle there, starting in the early 17th century, when they founded the colonies of Essequibo and Berbice, adding Demerar in the mid-18th century. The colony's capital was at George Town. The English had made at least two unsuccessful attempts in the 17th century to colonise the lands that would later be known as British Guiana. During the French Revolutionary Wars of the late 18th century, when the Netherlands were occupied by the French, and Great Britain and France were at war, Britain took over the colony in 1796. In 1802 Britain returned the colonies to the Batavian Republic under the terms of the Treaty of Amiens. But, after resuming hostilities with France in the Napoleonic Wars in 1803, Britain seized the colonies again less than a year later. The three colonies were officially ceded to the United Kingdom in the Anglo-Dutch Treaty of 1814. In 1831, the administration Essequibo and Berbice was combined, and the united colony became known as British Guiana. In 1823 there was a notorious slave insurrection and rebellion by 12,000 of the colony's slaves, which was largely put down by the Lt Col, for which grateful thanks he received this sword from the governing body of the colony. The incident gained incredible fame and notoriety throughout the world, and it outraged the British public in many ways due to slave trading being abolished in the United Kingdom since the early 19th century. He was President of the Courts Martial of the captured ringleaders. This delightful sword bears an eagle head pommel with blue enamel plaques surrounded by pineapple cartouches and a column for grip. The scabbard mounts are matching in their highly detailed form with pineapple embellishments over blue enamel plaques, like the hilt plaques, on the middle scabbard mount. The blade is stunningly etched with the Colony's crest and the presentation inscription. A heavy weight sword, a little larger than the standard 1803 pattern infantry flank officer's sword. It arrived in an appallingly neglected state, and has required over 120 hours of specialist cleaning to revive the original gilding and to remove 150 years of detritus from the sword, scabbard and blade. Every single part and element is original to the sword, nothing is replaced, and all the hallmarked solid silver gilt is completely original. Only the scabbard velvet had to be replaced due to rot.
A Magnificent Italian Roman-Lock Holster Pistol by Tommaso Piani 1740 This is an wonderful example of finest Italian Gunsmithing that illustrates just how skillful the Italian master gunsmiths were. Likely made for one of the great nobles of the day, and used during the Seven Years War period, and continually on through the American Revolution, the French Revolution and the Napoleonic Wars. With three-stage barrel stamped 'Mafeo Francino' on the fluted octagonal breech, engraved flat bevelled lock with a trophy of arms on the tail and maker's signature on the inner side, highly figured moulded rootwood full stock (minor cracks), full brass mounts engraved with foliage and trophies of arms and including shaped side-plate and escutcheon, baluster ramrod-pipes, horn fore-end cap, and horn-tipped ramrod 18½in. (47cm.) Mafeo Francino is recorded in Gardone in circa 1730. The signature inside the lock is probably that of Tommaso Piani, recorded in 1751 Acquired by the late owner in Zagreb (Croatia) in 1927 or 1928 Gardone Val Trompia for Trompia for several generations in the 17th and 18th centuries), As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Magnificent Ship's Captain's Blunderbuss Pistol With Spring Bayonet Made by Richards of London Circa 1795. They were well recorded finest English gunmakers, and documented makers of [Captain's] 'Blunderbuss Pistoles with Cannone barrels, and some wythe Bayonettes'. This wonderful and delightfully large bore cannon barrel pistol has a brass barrel with an undersprung bayonet, with spring release from the trigger guard, a slab sided walnut grip and a bronze frame superbly and finely engraved with stands of arms and the maker's name and London, side mounted horn tipped ramrod. Ship's Captains found such impressive guns so desireable as they had two prime functions to clear the decks with one shot, and the knowledge to an assailant that the pistol hads the capability to achieve such a result. In the 18th and 19th century mutiny was a common fear for all commanders, and not a rare as one might imagine. The Capt. Could keep about his person or locked in his gun cabinet in his quarters a gun just as this. The barrel could be loaded with single ball or swan shot, ball twice as large as normal shot, that when discharged at close quarter could be devastating, and terrifyingly effective. Potentially taken out four or five assailants at once. The muzzle was swamped like a cannon for two reasons, the first for ease of rapid loading, the second for imtimidation. There is a very persuasive psychological point to the size of this gun's muzzle, as any person or persons facing it could not fail to fear the consequences of it's discharge, and the act of surrender or retreat in the face of an well armed blunderbuss could be a happy and desirable result for all parties concerned. However, this gun also has the rarely seen feature of a spring loaded bayonet, that could double it's effectiveness by threat or action. Please be aware this pistol, may, from the photographs, appear to look the same size as a standard boxlock pocket pistol of that era, but, it is much larger, of 'Manstopper bore' and weighing around 1 kilo. 17.5 inches long with bayonet extended. Bayonet spring with lack of tension [repairable]. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Magnificent Victorian Merryweather Stately Home Fire Service Helmet This helmet is an absolute beauty and one of the best preserved we have seen in many, many, years. Although the liner has faired somewhat poorly over time. Made for a great estate, somewhat similar to the world reknown Downton Abbey [that of course is an estate of fiction] but that great house and it's estate are still very much real. It has a superb stately home badge for the Pylwell Park Fire Brigade. These fire helmets created for the landed gentry great estates of England are now very rare and highly collectable. There may have only been half a dozen ever made for this brigade, and the old estate fire brigades very much a thing of the long distant past.
A Marlin 1870's 'Wild West' Revolver. John M. Marlin was born in Connecticut in 1836, and served his apprenticeship as a tool and die maker. During the Civil War, he worked at the Colt plant in Hartford, and in 1870 hung out his sign on State Street, New Haven, to start manufacturing his own line of revolvers and derringers. This is a beautiful example of an early Marlin Model 1872 Pocket Revolver known as the XXX Standard. Standard 3 1/8" round barrel with S&W style tip-up action. 5 shot cylinder in caliber .30 Rimfire. With cylinder flutes..made in 1873. Nickle plated barrel is marked "XXX STANDARD 1872" on top of the rib with left side of the barrel marked "JM Marlin New-Haven CT. Pat July 1, 1873"..30 rim fire caliber, 5 shot revolver spur trigger, tip-up reloading action. Manufactured from 1873 to 1876, and production was only approximately 10,000. This revolver is serial number 856. It made a great hideaway gun for a gambler, with the cartridge remover taken off for ease of positioning and sliding into a boot, and, most intrigueingly, it has an inset sideplate of a Victorian farthing [a 'quarter of a penny' coin]. Maybe a souvenir of a card game against an Englishman in the 1880's. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Massive Mortimer of London, Boxlock Pistol Of An Incredible .75 inch Bore Circa 1840. We cannot recall ever seeing a boxlock pistol of such a bore, weight and size, ever before. For a pistol of this type it is absolutely massive, as large a bore as a brown bess musket. The surface is overall russetted and the grip to one side has had an old contemporary repair. Mortimer is one of the greatest ever names in English guns, and this was likely a special one-off order for a customer than needed something immensely powerful, with the power of a hand cannon, yet easy to carry. It feels like a version of the specialised truncheon pistol, where it can be utilized as a most powerful deadly cosh after it has been discharged. We show in the gallery a photo of it alongside a standard, more normal boxlock, and that way one can see it's incredible mass by comparison. The foldaway trigger opens loosely by itself.
A Massive Original Antique Brookes and Crookes Bowie Knife A finest Sheffield Bowie US import. One of the great Sheffield Bowies, by one of the distinguished Gold Medal winning cutlers that were so famous and eargerly sought after in the burgeoning American West in the 19th century. All the best knives used at that time in the States were more often than not Sheffield imports, and the big bladed ones, such as this, the most expoensive and sought after. At the blades forte it bears the makers mark of Brookes and Crookes, and Sheffield. Very large double edged Bowie blade 10.75 inches long. With all it's original cross grain polish, some edge nicks and hand edge sharpening, original leather scabbard with belt loop. Brookes & Crookes was a knife and instrument maker partnership founded in around 1850 by John Brookes and Thomas Crookes. In Melville & Co's Commercial Directory of Sheffield 1859 the company appears as " manufacturers of spring-knives and dressing case instruments". The company was always a smaller operation when compared to one of the larger firms such as Joseph Rodgers, employing at most 200 workers compared to tens times that at Rodgers. But they produced quality products, with their renown name a "Badge of Excellence". In the Paris Exhibition of 1867 they were awarded the only Gold Medal as Cutlers In the Philadelphia Centennial of 1876 they were awarded the first class prize. And in the Paris Exhibition of 1878 they were awarded the gold medal. A writer in the Sheffield Weekly Independent for November 19th, 1887, having heard that the famous cutler Mr. 'Brookes of Sheffield' was living at 'Woodbourne,' says that he went there to call upon him. "I found that it was a large, handsomely-built house but with its former glories sadly dimmed by the soot and grime from the neighbouring colliery . . , After ringing twice, I was admitted by Mrs. Brookes, a kind-looking lady of fifty or sixty years of age, and in the comfortable dining room, seated in a large easy chair by the side of a brightly blazing fire, was Mr. Brookes, to whom I was introduced. Courteously he motioned me to be seated, and I then explained the nature of my errand. I said I had been informed that he was the original Brookes of Sheffield, to whom reference was made by Charles Dickens in 'David Copperfield.' 'That is so,' he replied, and at once asked Mrs. Brookes to bring him the author's copy which the great-novelist sent to him in 1851, with a statement on the fly leaf in Dickens' handwriting to the effect that it was presented to Brookes of Sheffield by Charles Dickens.". Although this blade has signs of use at it's edge and the hand sharpening, it is in remarkable condition and to have original polish crossgraining is pretty exceptional.
A Mid 19th Century Prussian Cavalry Sword With three bar brass hilt and curved blade by W.Walschied of Solingen. A typical cavalry sword from the Crimean War period, and many were purchased by for the US and Confederate States for use in the Civil War.
A Most Amusing and Scarce Pepperbox Derringer Revolver Or "Fist" Pistol A stunning little English 6 barrel revolver of small proportions that simply ticks all the boxes of the unusual and rare Victorian gun collector's desires. In 19th century France these pistols were called "Apache" or "Fist" pistols ["coup de poing", translating to "fist blow"] and were much favoured by the Parisian street gangs. It is unusual to see one of the rare English examples as most were made in France or Belgium. Its long, fluted cylinder is a modified pepperbox design made from a single piece of metal, and the front end of the cylinder axis pin is supported by a bracket screwed to the front end of the lower frame. The breech consists of a thick, flat, circular plate with a semi-circular opening cut out on the right-hand side so that the weapon could be loaded from the breech end. This opening is filled by a bottom-hinged gate shaped to match the circular breech block, which is held closed by a small, horizontal, L-shaped spring lever screwed below it on the frame. Within the butt is the lanyard ring. Folding trigger. 2.75 inch long cylinder barrel, 4.25 inches long overall. The whole pistol fits comfortably within a single hand. Good working action, but, ineffective trigger return spring.
A Most Attractive 1740's English Holster Pistol By J.Smith of London Maker to the Hudson's Bay company. Fine brass furniture with pierced sideplate, and skull crusher butt. Two stage barrel. This pistol would have seen service during the War known as King George's War of 1744-48, in America, and the 7 Years War, principally against the French but involving the whole of Europe, and once again, also fought in America.
A Most Attractive 18th-19th Century Dagger Silver, Horn and Ivory Décor This is an unusual dagger, most charming indeed, with some very nice quality features. The scabbard is un hallmarked solid silver and the hilt is carved horn with an ivory centre section and inlaid with silver. The pommel is silver, egg shaped with central abnd of horn. The blade has a most elegant shape with fine line engraving and a complimentary engraved overlaid brass ricasso. There is a near identical dagger in the British Museum collection. It is also described In "African Arms and Armour" by Christopher Spring with a most similar dagger is assigned to Reguibat Arabs of Southern Morocco. These daggers show the influence of the Hispano-Moorish civilisation which flourished in the Iberian peninsula and North Africa at the beginning of the second millenium AD. This influence is also reflected in local textile traditions. Reguibat fractions extended from Western Sahara into the northern half of Mauritania, the edges of southern Morocco and northern Mali, and large swaths of western Algeria (where they captured the town of Tindouf from the Tajakant tribe in 1895, and turned into an important Reguibat encampment). The Reguibat were known for their skill as warriors, as well as for an uncompromising tribal independence, and dominated large areas of the Sahara desert through both trade and use of arms. Reguibat Sahrawis were very prominent in the resistance to French and Spanish colonization in the 19th century This beautiful dagger is, overall 32cm long 19cm blade. Our thanks to Martin Lubojacký for information as to it's origins
A Most Attractive 19th Century Powder Flask Decorated With Game Embossed on both sides with roccoco moulding and panels of hanging game including, stags and large game birds. Brass spout with god spring action. All original lacquer present.
A Most Attractive 19th Century Sword Circa 1840. Boat Form Hilt Possibly either American or French. Inspired by the 18th century French guard officer's sword this is very similar to both the 1831 pattern American Infantry sword, or, the 1840 US militia pattern NCO's sword. The helmet pattern pommel was most popular in America at this time, and both the French Army and American State militias used it. Very nice order throughout, old metal band repair to leather scabbard midsection. Solingen, 'Weyersberg' King's head makers mark to blade forte. A recorded maker to both France and America both before and during the Civil War era
A Most Attractive and Intriguing Antique Ivory Mounted Kabyle Musket A nice quality 18th century long gun with an earlier lock, probably of a Berber tribesman or of the Kabyle people. The Kabyle Musket or moukalla (moukhala) was a type of musket widely used in North Africa, produced by many native tribes and nations. Two systems of gunlock prevailed in Kabyle guns, one, which derived from Dutch and English types of snaphance lock, usually with a thicker lockplate. Half cock was provided by a dog catch behind the cock. At full cock, the sear passing through the lockplate engaged the heel of the cock. The other mechanism was the so-called Arab toe-lock, a form of miquelet lock, closely allied to the agujeta lock (which required a back or dog catch for half cock) and the Italian romanlock. The term miquelet is used today to described a particular type of Snaplock. The miquelet lock, in all varieties, was common for several centuries in the countries surrounding the Mediterranean, particularly in Spain, Italy, the Balkans, and the Ottoman Empire domains including the coastal states of North Africa. The type of musket would be described as a Kabyle snaphance or a Kabyle miquelet. The calibre of musket ball fired was large in the .67 range. These guns were very long, this one is around 65 inches. The barrel alone is 50 inches in length, and bears British proof marks . The barrel is retained in the stock by 8 iron and brass, (capucines). The stock and trumpet-shaped butt is enhanced with a carved ivory butt. With a good Snaphaunce lock of 17th century form, fine detailed engraving around the stock, distinctive deep flattened butt, and the stock is inlaid with Ivory and an Ivory butt plate. 8 barrel cappucines. In Europe these most distinctive and elaborate Snaphaunce guns gained great favour in the Elizabethan era and their influence was greatly felt in Arabia, originally along the eastern trade routes, that were travelled and used by early Europeans in order to buy the finest eastern silks, gemstones & spices. They were continually used in the Middle East and the Maghrib long after they had become unfashionable in Europe. One of the most renown Berbers in history was Saint Augustine it is said of him "Of all the fathers of the church, St. Augustine was the most admired and the most influential during the Middle Ages ... Augustine was an outsider - a native North African whose family was not Roman but Berber ... He was a genius - an intellectual giant" Interestingly this gun would have been likely last used in the resistance battle against French colonial conquest of Algeria, and one of the most famous was a woman, a warrior leader called Lalla Fadhma n'Soumer (born Fadhma Nat Sid Hmed in Abi Youcef, Algeria c.1830) She was an important figure of the Algerian resistance movement during the first years of the French colonial conquest of Algeria. She was seen as the embodiment of the struggle. Lalla, the female equivalent of sidi, is an honorific reserved for women of high rank, or who are venerated as saints. Fadhma is the Berber/French spelling of the Arabic name Fatima, which is colloquially pronounced Fatma in most Arabic dialects as well as Berber. She is shown in the gallery posed with her Kabyle and pistol engaged in combat with French soldiers.
A Most Attractive Carved Bone Walking Stick of a Serpent and Globe Compass A ball held in the mouth of a monster sea serpent carved with a removable top, that reveals a card compass, printed Salem Semery [a well fitted new replacement]. The globe is engraved with points of the compass, sailing ships, whales and a man observing with his spy glass. The handle terminates with a multi wire bound turks head knot . Mallacca cane in good sound order. One very small retaining pin has been expertly replaced
A Most Attractive Kurdish 19th Century Jambiya. Carved wooden hit brass embossed and leather scabbard over wood. Double edged steel blade. Blade would polish nicely.
A Most Attractive Late 18th Century Holster Pistol. Chiseled Barrel Fine walnut stock, cast brass mounts and very finely engraved flintlock action. Late 18th century and used in the Napoleonic Wars era. Made in the Ottoman Empire with heavy Continental influences. Made for use on horseback and carried in a saddle holster. Typical simulated ramrod in bone or ivory.10.5 inch barrel 16.5 inches long overall
A Most Attractive Original Colt Army 44 Cal Revolver, Civil War Period, This original 1860 Colt Army revolver would be a most fine addition to any collection of fine arms. A Colt 44 Cal Revolver dating to the Civil War. Original grips with an original stamped military inspection cartouche, and owners initial stamp on the grip as well. Butt stock carved at the base for lanyard loop. The largest calibre of pistol made by Colt in the Civil War era, and one of the most popular revolvers of the war, used by both combatant sides of the Union and the Confederacy. A true icon of 19th century America and one of the most famous and best Colt revolvers of it's type ever made. It had the greatest stopping power, and was a very popular and highly effective pistol from the Civil War, and into the Wild West era. There were many, many world famous officers and cowboys who used this very form of revolver, and Jesse James was photographed wearing several of them which he captured in combat fighting for the Confederacy in 1864 with Quantrill's Raiders. It was favoured as a side arm by cavalry, infantry, and artillery troops. Around 200,000 were manufactured from 1860 through 1873. Colt's biggest customer was the US Government with over 127,000 units being purchased and issued to the troops. The weapon was a single-action, six-shot weapon accurate up to 75 to 100 yards, where the fixed sights were typically set when manufactured. The rear sight was a notch in the hammer, clearly visible only when the revolver was cocked. The Colt .44-caliber “Army" Model was one of the most widely used revolvers of the Civil War. It was the revolver of choice for officers, artillerymen, and cavalrymen. The Colt .44 had a six-shot, rotating cylinder. It fired a 0.454-inch diameter round lead ball, or a conical projectile, that was propelled by a 30 grain charge of black powder ignited by a brass percussion cap that was struck by the hammer. When fired, balls had a muzzle velocity of about 750 feet per second.
A Most Attractive, French 19th Century, Officer of the Third Republic Sword From the Chinese French War of the 1880's. Bronze hilt with flaming grenade on the shell guard. Polished grip with single knuckle bow. Long and elegant double edged blade with central double fullers. Steel scabbard. Overall in excellent condition overall. The Sino–French War was a limited conflict fought between August 1884 and April 1885 to decide whether France should replace China in control of Tonkin (northern Vietnam). Because the French achieved their war aims, they are usually considered to have won the war. Nevertheless, the Chinese armies performed better than they had in other nineteenth-century foreign wars, resulting in a number of French defeats in individual battles. In Taiwan and in some quarters near Guangxi, the war is even regarded as a Chinese victory. French interest in northern Vietnam dated from the late 18th-century, when the political Catholic priest Pigneau de Behaine recruited French volunteers to fight for Nguyen Ánh to start the Nguyen Dynasty in an attempt to gain privileges for France and the Roman Catholic Church. In 1858, France began their colonial campaign and in 1862 annexed several southern provinces of Vietnam to become the colony of Cochinchina, laying the foundations for its later colonial empire in Indochina. French explorers followed the course of the Red River through northern Vietnam to its source in Yunnan, arousing hopes that an extremely profitable overland trade route could be established with China, bypassing the treaty ports of the Chinese coastal provinces. The main obstacle to the realisation of this dream was the Black Flag Army, a well-organized bandit force under a formidable leader, Liu Yongfu, which was levying exorbitant dues on trade on the Red River between Son Tây and the town of Lào Cai on the Yunnan border.
A Most Beautiful 13th Century Ancient Bronze Eastern Hand or Pole Cannon In many respects we can comfortably say this is potentially the earliest, oldest and most ancient gun for sale in the country today. Guns of this vintage are more often than not only available to be admired, with awe and respect within the great and hallowed halls of establishments such as the British Museum or the Smithsonian in Washington. This cannon is, as to be expected, one piece cast bronze with a slanted touch hole, tubular in form with an expanded breech section, and rear socket for a pole mount. It has superb natural age patina. Early firearms ranging from hand cannons to harquebusiers are referred to in texts of the period by many spellings: gonne, gunne, canon being a few examples. The hand cannon dates back to the late 13th century in Egypt and China, and was used until at least the 1520s in Europe and the Middle East, and until modern times in the Far East. However, where it was invented remains an area of controversy. The Arabs, Chinese and Mongols all have a claim - as do the Europeans. A 16th-century legend about a 14th-century German or Greek monk called Berthold Schwarz (Black Berthold, Bertholdus Niger) having invented gunpowder has long been proven to be fictitious. The earliest evidence of a portable hand cannon dates back to the Battle of Ain Jalut in 1260, when they were used by the Egyptians to repel the Mongols. Like this gun, which likely hails from Cambodia, the hand cannon was a simple weapon, but effective in sieges and ambushes. It was less effective in open battle and in wet or windy conditions. Despite its crude appearance, the hand cannon could kill even armoured opponents at short ranges - if the gunner could manage to hit them. Experiments indicate an effective range of about 50 metres and a maximum range of about 300 metres, depending on calibre and type of powder used. Hand cannon ranged in barrel length from 190 to 600 mm and from 12 to 36 mm in calibre. Approximate weights ranged from 1.5 kg to a monstrous 15 kg for some siege models. Barrels were typically short compared to later firearms and made from wrought iron or cast in bronze. For ease of handling, the barrels were often attached to a wooden stock. This was done in two ways: either by resting the barrel in a groove in the stock and securing it with metal bands, or by inserting the stock into a socket formed in the rear part of the barrel. Some gonnes merely had a metal rod formed as an extension to the rear of the barrel as a handle. For firing, the hand cannon could be held in two hands while an assistant applied ignition (such as hot coals or burning tinder) to the touch hole, or propped against something and set off by the gunner himself. Illustrations depict gunners holding the stock in the armpit, or over the shoulder like a modern bazooka to aim their weapon. During sieges, hand cannon were rested on the edges of walls, over the sides of armoured carts, or on forked rests hammered into the ground. Hooks are often found attached to the bottom of the barrel to support the gonne against stationary objects or to reduce the recoil. 14 inches long overall.
A Most Beautiful Ancient Bronze Dagger From the Time of Cyrus The Great Circa 600bc. As the founder of the Achaemenid Empire, one of Cyrus' objectives was to gain power over the Mediterranean coast and secure Asia Minor. Croesus of Lydia, Nabonidus of Babylonia and Amasis II of Egypt joined in alliance with Sparta to try and thwart Cyrus - but this was to no avail. Hyrcania, Parthia and Armenia were already part of the Median Kingdom. Cyrus moved further east to annex Drangiana, Arachosia, Margiana and Bactria to his territories. After crossing the Oxus, he reached the Jaxartes. There, he built fortified towns with the object of defending the farthest frontier of his kingdom against the Iranian nomadic tribes of Central Asia such as the Scythians. The exact limits of Cyrus' eastern conquests are not known, but it is possible that they extended as far as the Peshawar region in modern Pakistan. After his eastern victories, he repaired to the west and invaded Babylon. On 12 October 539BCE Cyrus, "without spilling a drop of blood", annexed the Chaldaean empire of Babylonia - and on October 29 he entered Babylon, arrested Nabonidus and assumed the title of "King of Babylon, King of Sumer and Akkad, King of the four corners of the world". Almost immediately he then extended his control over the Arabian peninsula and the Levant also quickly submitted to Persian rule. Although Cyrus did not conquer Egypt, by 535BCE all the lands up to the Egyptian borders had acceded to Persian dominance. Newly conquered territories had a measure of political independence, being ruled by satraps. These (usually local) governors took full responsibility for the administration, legislation and cultural activities of each province. According to Xenophon, Cyrus created the first postal system in the world, and this must have helped with intra-Empire communications. Babylon, Ecbatana, Pasargadae and Susa were used as Cyrus' command centres. Cyrus' spectacular conquests triggered the age of Empire Building, as carried out by his successors as well as by the later Greeks and Romans. Dagger in very fine order, excellent patina, small fracture at the central hilt. 38cm long
A Most Beautiful British 1790's Sabre With Lion's Head Pommel and Langet This is a glorious swash buckling sabre of great quality and in fine condition. A lot of it's original mercurial gilt is remaining and it's wire bound grip is near mint. We have seen these swords refered to as every thing from British flank officer's sabre, Royal Naval officer's [when with ivory grips], and 1790's British East India co. Infantry officer's swords [often though more crudely made and with carved bone grips]. We believe it was made before regulation types were more standard [in the 1790's], and in the period when officers could carry any sword as they saw fit, provided it followed a suitable functionable ability as per their needs. Either way, this is a fabulous King George IIIrd period English sword from the Napoleonic Wars, and the Tippu Sultan revolt at The Siege of Seringapatam (5 April – 4 May 1799). This was the final confrontation of the Fourth Anglo-Mysore War between the British East India Company and the Kingdom of Mysore. The British achieved a decisive victory after breaching the walls of the fortress at Seringapatam and storming the citadel. Tipu Sultan, Mysore's ruler, was killed in the action. The British restored the Wodeyar dynasty to the throne after the victory, but retained indirect control of the kingdom. When the Fourth Anglo-Mysore War broke out, the British assembled two large columns under General George Harris. The first consisted of over 26,000 British East India Company troops, 4,000 of whom were European while the rest were local Indian sepoys. The second column was supplied by the Nizam of Hyderabad, and consisted of ten battalions and over 16,000 cavalry. Together, the allied force numbered over 50,000 soldiers. Tipu's forces had been depleted by the Third Anglo-Mysore War and the consequent loss of half his kingdom, but he still probably had up to 30,000 soldiers
A Most Beautiful English 12 Shot Revolver With Much Original Blue Finish By G.Hanson of Doncaster, Yorkshire. Likely the son and successor to S. Hanson who was a recorded Doncaster maker in the 1820's and 30's. Birmingham proofed barrel. This is a true untouched beauty. In fabulous condition with much of it's original deluxe finish remaining. The 12 shot pinfire revolver was rare at the time of it's use, during the 1860's to 1890's, but they are even rarer now, as so few survived the past century. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables . Barrel 4.75 inches, 7mm calibre.
A Most Beautiful Original 16th to 17th Century Italian Swept Hilt Rapier As used in the royal courts of the Tudors and the Stuarts, and amongst the nobility of Florence, Naples and Venice. The forte of the blade bears several armourer's marks and the so-called Marca di mosca from the armoury of Venice. This sword is in nice coindition for it's age, with original grip and wire, and no signs of repair or damage. Fine Italian steel rapiers were amongst the most popular in Europe, highly prized by the nobility, from England, across the whole of Europe, North, South, East and West, and into the court of the Russian Tsars. Hilt comprising straight quillons with scrolling bars and knuckle-guard with globular pommel and retaining it's original copper-wire bound wooden grip. Swept hilt rapiers of this type were very popular from the Elizabethan age and into the Civil War of the 1640's. There are many portraits from the period, of Princes, Earls, Generals, and Dukes, with similar swords being displayed. We show two in the gallery, one of Sir Francis Drake, Queen Elisabeth's favourite and Captain of the Revenge. Another portrait of an Italian renaissance noble. The rapier began to develop around 1500 as the Spanish espada ropera, or "dress sword". The espada ropera was a cut-and-thrust civilian weapon for self-defense and the duel, while earlier weapons were equally at home on the battlefield. Its development began at a time period when the need for a lighter and faster sword became mandatory thanks to the introduction of firearm use in warfare .Throughout the 16th century, a variety of new, single-handed civilian weapons were being developed, including the German Rapier, another cut-and-thrust weapon used for sportive fencing, as described in Joachim Meyer's Fechtbuch of 1570. 1570 is also the year in which the Italian swordmaster Signior Rocco Bonetti first settled in England advocating the use of the rapier for thrusting as opposed to cutting or slashing when engaged in a duel. Nevertheless, the English word "rapier" generally refers to a primarily thrusting weapon, developed by the year 1600 as a result of the geometrical theories of such masters as Camillo Agrippa, Ridolfo Capoferro and Vincentio Saviolo. 42.5 inch blade.
A Most Beautiful Silver Don-Kuban Cossack Nagaika Daggar.19th Century. Purchased by us as untouched or uncleaned for over 60 years it has spent two weeks in the conservators workshop being hand cleaned in order to return the silver work back to how it once looked. It is now in it's totally original condition. It was most certainly a labour of love as to ensure the enamel work remains totally original and undamaged by crude cleaning. Such work is punitively expensive and can never be recouped within it's cost, but, we felt such a piece was well worthy of every expense incurred. It was made between the Turkish Ottoman Empire and the Caucasus region within the Russian, Romanov Empire. The Kuban Cossacks (Russian Kubanskiye Kazaki) were Cossacks who lived in the Kuban region of Russia. Although numerous Cossack groups came to inhabit the Western Northern Caucasus most of the Kuban Cossacks are descendants of the Black Sea Cossack Host, (originally the Zaporozhian Cossacks) and the Caucasus Line Cossack Host. The Kuban Cossack Host was the administrative and military unit from 1860-1918. The native land of the Cossacks is defined by a line of Russian/Ruthenian town-fortresses located on the border with the steppe and stretching from the middle Volga to Ryazan and Tula, then breaking abruptly to the south and extending to the Dnieper via Pereyaslavl. This area was settled by a population of free people practicing various trades and crafts. These people, constantly facing the Tatar warriors on the steppe frontier, received the Turkic name Cossacks (Kazaks), which was then extended to other free people in northern Russia. The oldest reference in the annals mentions Cossacks of the Russian city of Ryazan serving the city in the battle against the Tatars in 1444. In the 16th century, the Cossacks (primarily those of Ryazan) were grouped in military and trading communities on the open steppe and started to migrate into the area of the Don (source Vasily Klyuchevsky, The course of the Russian History, vol.2). Cossacks served as border guards and protectors of towns, forts, settlements and trading posts, performed policing functions on the frontiers and also came to represent an integral part of the Russian army. In the 16th century, to protect the borderland area from Tatar invasions, Cossacks carried out sentry and patrol duties, observing Crimean Tatars and nomads of the Nogai Horde in the steppe region. The most popular weapons used by Cossack cavalrymen were usually sabres, or shashka, but all Cossacks traditionally carried a Kindjal and nagaika whip. However this one is most unusual in that it conceals a hidden dagger blade. Russian Cossacks played a key role in the expansion of the Russian Empire into Siberia (particularly by Yermak Timofeyevich), the Caucasus and Central Asia in the period from the 16th to 19th centuries. Cossacks also served as guides to most Russian expeditions formed by civil and military geographers and surveyors, traders and explorers. In 1648 the Russian Cossack Semyon Dezhnyov discovered a passage between North America and Asia. Cossack units played a role in many wars in the 17th, 18th, and 19th centuries (such as the Russo-Turkish Wars, the Russo-Persian Wars, and the annexation of Central Asia). During Napoleon's Invasion of Russia, Cossacks were the Russian soldiers most feared by the French troops. Napoleon himself stated "Cossacks are the best light troops among all that exist. If I had them in my army, I would go through all the world with them." Cossacks also took part in the partisan war deep inside French-occupied Russian territory, attacking communications and supply lines. These attacks, carried out by Cossacks along with Russian light cavalry and other units, were one of the first developments of guerrilla warfare tactics and, to some extent, special operations as we know them today. Western Europeans had had few contacts with Cossacks before the Allies occupied Paris in 1814. As the most exotic of the Russian troops seen in France, Cossacks drew a great deal of attention and notoriety for their alleged excesses during Napoleon's 1812 campaign. In silver niello, is a black mixture of copper, silver, and lead sulphides, used as an inlay on engraved or etched metal. It can be used for filling in designs cut from metal. The Egyptians are credited with originating niello decoration, which spread throughout Europe during the late Iron Age and is common in Anglo-Saxon, Celtic and other types of Early Medieval jewellery. The goldsmiths of Florence in the middle of the 15th century ornamented their works by means of engraving the metal with a burin, after which they filled up the hollows produced by the burin with a black enamel-like compound made of silver, lead and sulphur. The resulting design, called a niello, was of much higher contrast and thus much more visible. Niello was most popular from all the regions of Russia to the Black Sea and the Bospherous. Pistols swords and knives from the Ottoman Turks may be decorated with niello, and it even reached popularity within Hindu India and Thailand. This piece is most likely from the Ottoman & Caucasian region. The Tribes of the High Caucasus favored a descendent of a high Ottoman form of horse crop called a Nagaika. This form of whip became popular with Russians living in and around the Caucasus and between the exodus of Caucasian refugees and the arrival of the dominant Russians the people of Bukhara became exposed to it. It is certainly easy to understand why displaced craftsmen would begin to apply decorative techniques in different circumstances than were customary in their homeland. It was also most popular with Russian craftsman such as Faberge, maker to the Czar, but naturally all his work was marked with his makers stamp. This piece bears no makers marks. A picture in the gallery of a Kuban Cossack holding his nagaika [seated left in around 1900], another of a General of Don Cossacks holding his while mounted on his steed.
A Most Charming American 18th Century Officers and Dueling Sword Circa 1740 Used in the Indian French War and the American War of Independence. A beautiful and historical small-sword with it's original plain black Japanning, and a very fine trefoil colishmarde blade. Plain and serene iron hilt, in very good shape, with low pas de ane. An egg-shaped pommel which is signally elegant. It also has it's original triple wound fine wire grip binding, mounted top and bottom with Turk's head knots. See the standard work "Swords and Blades of the American Revolution" by George C. Neumann Published 1973. Sword 216s. Page 133, for near a identical sword. The colishmarde blade has very fine scrollwork engraving. The colishmarde blades first appeared in 1680 and were popular during the next 40 years or so years at the royal European courts, and they continued to have a special popularity with the officers of the French and Indian War. Even George Washington had a very fine one, with a blade just as this example. The colichemarde descended from the so-called "transition rapier", which appeared because of a need for a lighter sword, better suited to parrying. It was not so heavy at its point; it was shorter and allowed a limited range of double time moves.The colichemarde in turn appeared as a thrusting blade too and also with a good parrying level, hence the strange, yet successful shape of the blade. This sword appeared at about the same time as the foil. However the foil was created for practising fencing at court, while the colichemarde was created for dueling. With the appearance of pocket pistols as a self-defense weapon, the colichemardes found an even more extensive use in dueling. This was achieved thanks to a wide forte (often with several fullers), which then stepped down in width after the fullers ended. The result of this strange shape was a higher maneuverability of the sword: with the weight of the blade concentrated in one's hand it became possible to maneuver the blade at a greater speed and with a higher degree of control, allowing the fencer to place a precise thrust at his/her adversary. Due to the original blackened hilt, one could also dub this a "mourning" sword. A mourning sword was one that would generally have blackened fittings (hilt and grip) and was worn at funerals, but they were also worn as an everyday item of informal dress, which would rule out the idea that they were only worn for somber occasions, and also worn by officers in service, with a gilt or parcel-gilt knot for embellishment. A particular painting showing a very good example of this is in the National Maritime Museum and it is most similar. The painting is of British Naval Captain Hugh Palliser, who wears a 'mourning' sword with a blackened hilt and gold sword knot which gave it a sleek overall appearance. A full-length portrait of Sir Hugh Palliser, Admiral of the White, turning slightly to the right in captain's uniform (over three years seniority), 1767-1774. He stands cross-legged, leaning on the plinth of a column, holding his hat in his right hand. The background includes a ship at sea. From 1764 to 1766, when he was a Captain, Palliser was Governor of Newfoundland, where James Cook, who had served under him earlier, was employed charting the coast. He was subsequently Comptroller of the Navy and then second-in-command to Augustus Keppel at the Battle of Ushant in 1778. Very good original condition overall. Blade 31.5 inches long
A Most Charming Carved and Turned Bone Oriental Sword Stick With brass ferule and domed top. Double edged blade in need of polishing [we can attend to this]. The bone is very good with natural colouring one small section has a body crack. In China and Japan there was a great fondness of the use of ox bone for the decorative mounting swords daggers and canes that started in the late 19th century. Most was intended as items for the early luxury steamship company's visitors trade, started by such companies as the Thomas Cook Co., and the burgeoning export markets enjoyed by the Manchu Chinese Qing dynasty, and the Meiji and Taisho Emperors of Japan.
A Most Charming English Sidelock Percussion Manstopper Pistol Finely engraved with micro chequered butt, octagonal barrel. A nice English large bore side hammer pocket pistol circa 1840. Scroll engraved side lock action with bun nut retained dolphin head hammer. Chequered walnut bag grip with vacant silver diamond escutcheon to the rear. The heavy octagonal smooth bore barrel is Birmingham proofed and brass front sight with fixed v notch to the rear. A very pretty medium size, big bore, man stopper pistol made by the Birmingham trade around 1840 and sold without a retailers name, but of very good quality. Designed to be carried in the coat pocket of a traveller or gentleman about town, to provide effective close range personal defence at a time when the forces of law and order were often patchy at best. In good condition with good bores and mechanics, nice finely chequered grips and bright steel metal work. A very nice pistol likely by one of the better Birmingham makers of the day. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Most Charming King George IIIrd Officers' Horn Small Drinking Cup In carved horn used from the 1790's until the Crimean War. A super Napoleonic wars collectable.
A Most Glorious Antique Renaissance Style Classical Iron Parade Shield Made in the Victorian period during the Renaissance revival period, when amazing artifacts by such great artists as Cellini were copied to decorate the interiors of stately homes and castles around Europe. This shield bears a wonderous scene of armoured warriors and princes 'a la antica' style . This shield is a work of art, made for display rather than battle. During the 16th century armour was not only used in war and tournaments but was worn for parades, royal entries into towns and other state occasions to denote the wealth, status and majesty of noble households. This shield recalls a sixteenth-century tradition in which armour and weapons made for parade and display were as much the products of the goldsmith as the armourer. 22.5 inches across 7 kilos
A Most Iinteresting US Civil War and Wild West Remington Revolver With Civil War inspectors cartouche stamp within the grip. The Remington .44 Army was originally designed as a cap & ball (also called "percussion") 44-calibre revolver for use before and during the American Civil War. It was used primarily by Union soldiers, and widely favoured over the standard issue Colt Army Model 1860 by those who could afford it, due primarily to its durability and ability to quickly reload. Of course if a gun such as that was captured in a Confederate victory it would be eagerly used by it's new Southern States owner as a highly prized trophy of war. Remington's had such popularity during the Civil War sent for alteration to it's cartridge cylinder form, [utilizing the new, more favourable, and successful metallic cartridge ]. They were used for around another 15 to 25 years until around 1890, and it proved to be a popular gun with Civil War veterans who had used it with much success in it's original form during the war, and required a good and reliable six shooter in the new Wild West frontier. A prized possession of the Remington Arms Company is a similar, original, New Model Army with ivory grips once carried by William F. "Buffalo Bill" Cody. The historic revolver is on display with Cody's simple handwritten note, "It never failed me". Cody carried the revolver in original percussion form well into the cartridge era, but never converted it to cartridge use. This is one of the very few truly great name Wild West revolvers that can be owned today without deactivation in the UK, as it was designed for the cartridge that [for over 100 years now] has been declared obsolete and non restricted. Good tight action, good walnut grips. Cartridge ejector type. Photos show the matching serial numbers, and the two conversion serial numbers TTT10 [we believe] on the rammer lever and the butt frame. Naturally with use wear overall, but a nice pistol of the most famous eras of American History, the Civil War and the Wild West.
A Most Impressive British King George IIIrd Pioneer- Artillery Sword With steel sawback blade, cast bronze hilt with beast pommel and cast ribbed grip. A stout and manly sword. Carried by the pioneer and also thought to have been used by artillery. The tradition of the pioneer sergeant began in the eighteenth century, when each British infantry company had a pioneer who marched at the head of the regiment. The pioneer wore a “stout” apron and carried an axe, ostensibly to clear a path for all who followed, and a powerful but short sword with sawback. The apron served to protect the pioneer sergeant's uniform whilst performing his duties, which included being the unit blacksmith. The beard was allowed in order to protect his face from the heat and the slag of the forge. The axe was also used to kill horses that were wounded in battle. A general order of 1856 allowed for one pioneer per company in each regiment. The tools carried by the pioneers included a sawback sword. An example of this v.scarce sword is in the Tower of London collection, our last example we had in the 1960's.
A Most Impressive English Long Musket Circa 1830 Extra long barrel, percussion action, good walnut stock with chequered grip, 68 inches long [approx] overall. A good stout musket of fine proportions. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Most Impressive Jazail With Likely An East India Company Flintlock Long Damascus barrel, long highly recurved-butt distinctive stock fully geometrically inlaid with mother o'pearl. This flintlock long gun from the North West Frontier has a simply stunning Damascus barrel of very nice quality, with what looks like top piece of a mosque dome chiseled and detailed at the breech. This is a handsome piece used from the 18th century, during the wonderfully fascinating days of the Indian Empire, where skullduggery and intrigue were interspersed with incredible conflicts, battles and wars around the North West Frontier of India. These stunning Damascus long guns, with their finest barrels, also saw a lot of service in the Ottoman Empire , and they were well known for their beauty, and a world renown reputation for quality and accuracy which was legendary. The makers were renown for their quality guns but the locks were often the matchlock type of low tech simplicity, they often captured guns from the Infantry of the East India Company, and removed the locks and transferred them to their Jazails. Rudyard Kipling's poem of the Afghan War refers to the feared deadly accuracy of the Jazail, and it goes; A scrimmage in a Border Station A canter down some dark defile Two thousand pounds of education Drops to a ten-rupee jezail. 49 inches long overall, barrel 34 inches
A Most Impressive Matchlock Military Musket From India 17th to 18th Century Long fine barrel. Good walnut stock. Overall in very good condition for age. 87 inches overall. Two pictures in the gallery are showing these matchlock type guns in use. One illustrated in the Baburnama [early 16th century, it is the name given to the memoirs of Zahir ud-Din Mohammad Babur (1483-1530), founder of the Mughal Empire] and another from a hunting scene in the Rajput Kingdom of Kishangarh (18th century) Another picture shows Emperor Akbar the Great using his matchlocks and artillery at a siege towards the end of 1568 Akbar concentrated his forces around the fort of Ranthambhor, held by a vassal of the Maharana of Chittor, Rao Surjan Hada of Bundi. This fort had been attacked earlier in 1560, but that Mughal army had been defeated by the Rajputs. The fort of Gagraun, to the south of Bundi, had however been captured that year. Now after the capture of Chittor Akbar could turn once again to Ranthambhor. [additional pictures for information only]
A Most Impressive Vintage Middle Eastern Silver Jambiya Dagger A dagger with an all over silver laminated hilt and matching scabbard. Curved steel double edged blade with central ridge. A beautiful quality dagger of typical form of the famous middle eastern Jambiya, and in Oman it is called the Khanjar. This deluxe example is all silver, except the blade which is steel, and Jambiya of this quality were almost always usually for presentation. Lawrence of Arabia had several very similar ones presented to him, they were his favourite dagger, and he was frequently photographed wearing them. One picture is a portrait of Lawrence with his silver Jambiya [Information only not included]. Arab domestic silver coin-metal, not of English hallmarked silver grade.
A Most Interesting Antique Arab Jambiya With Very Long Blade Sharp and crisp double edged blade, carved horn hilt, leather covered wooden scabbard. A most unusually long bladed example and very nice quality. Measured overall size, in the scabbard on the straight 14.5 inches.
A Most Interesting Brevet Colt Navy Long Barrel Pocket Revolver,.36 Cal In polished steel, overall scroll & foliate engraved with a most unusual engraved cylinder decorated with iron clad steam ships and a bridge, with beautifully patinated horn or ivory grips. Barrell stamped Address Col Colt London, cylinder has continental Belgian proof mark. The Pocket Navy calibre pistol is most scarce, and quite sought after as that it was a most useful, slightly reduced size, but still fired the large .36 calibre round. During the Civil War both protagonists required huge quantities of arms, and frankly, neither side could fulfill the required manufactured quantity, especially the South. Contractors were sent by both sides to scour Europe for arms, and Britain and Belgium became the dominant suppliers. This pistol is from the latter country, modelled on the Colt, and even marked as such. A jolly interesting and intrigueng arm from the most fascinating period of American 19th century history. Fully cocking action without half cock and the cylinder revolves comfortably. 11 inches long overall. As with all our antique guns, no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Most Interesting Early 19th Century Troubadour Romantic Stiletto Dagger With skull pommel. Of extremely nice quality, bronzed hilt depicting two figures, one male one female, the male with a bow and an eagle at his feet, the female with a serpent at her feet, and the pommel is both a skull on one side and a judicial head on the other. The quillon are fantastic beasts heads and it has an armour piercing triple edged steel stiletto blade. A wonderful product of the Troubadour movement in the arts in France in the years following the restoration of the monarchy: a Romantic fascination with medieval and Renaissance forms and myths. Napoleon recognized the Middle Ages in the forms of his coronation. Ancient chivalric romances were published in adaptations by the Comte de Tressan and contributed to the rise of the troubadour style. In painting, the style showed up most often in realistic depictions of edifying historical events in smooth finishes and vibrant colors.” Think of some of Ingres’s paintings, such as The Death of Leonardo da Vinci (1818) in the Louvre, in which the French king, Francis I, holding the dying Leonardo, conspicuously wears a sword that might have accompanied a similar dagger. See last photo in the gallery.
A Most Interesting French Post Chaise Horn. Brass Trumpet, Horn Mouthpiece. 19th century. In France and Switzerland in the Alp regions, as the post chaise drives around the numerous deadly bends, on the mountain passes, in the fog, the post chaise horn is blown to warn on-coming vehicles. Of course the British poste chaise used them as well but this one is French made. A post chaise, is a four-wheeled, closed carriage, containing one seat for two or three passengers, that was popular in 18th-century England and France. The body was of the coupé type, appearing as if the front had been cut away. Because the driver rode one of the horses, it was possible to have windows in front as well as at the sides. At the post chaise’s front end, in place of the coach box, was a luggage platform. The carriage was built for long-distance travel, and so horses were changed at intervals at posts (stations).In England, public post chaises were painted yellow and could be hired, along with the driver and two horses, for about a shilling a mile. The post chaise is descended from the 17th-century two-wheeled French chaise.
A Most Interesting Late 18th Century Eastern Wide Mouth Blunderbuss With a superb Damascus steel flared mouth barrel, with an EIC [East India Co.] style flintlock, fine walnut stock and iron mounts. Sling swivel mount to the offside for carrying on a belt while climbing rigging of a galleon, or for hooking onto a horse's saddle. The stock bears some fascinating armouer's 'in the field' repairs that have lasted some 200 years and should ideally never be removed. They are simplistic, yet they have been hugely effective and they certainly add an incredible amount of character to a flintlock gun already abundant in curiosity and flair. The flare at the muzzle is incredible and finishes off this wonderful characterful piece perfectly. This is just the kind of intimidating weapon as was used and carried by Corsairs, Janissaries protecting their masters, and those that need the maximum amount of protection and intimidation in equal measure. As with all our antique guns, no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Most Interesting Persian, 'Russian' Cossack Brigade Martini Henry Carbine One of the very scarce Belgian made Martini Henry marked Mascate [made for the Middle East Market, Franco-Belgian spelling for Muscat] and with the Imperial Russian Romanov eagle crest on the gun frame, that were acquired for the newly formed [in 1879 and 1880] Russian - Iranian Cossack Brigade of cavalry. Nasir al-Din Shah made a visit to Europe, and subsequent to this a Russian and Austrian mission came to Iran to re-organize the Iranian cavalry. The Russians formed what was known as the Cossack Brigade and Russian officers remained to command this new part of the Iranian Army. The brigade was part funded by Russia in the supply of Russian weapons, which created great influence for Russia in Iran, and the Austrian mission sold to the Iranian Minister of War, Na-ib al-Saltana, Werndle rifles, which were sold by him at great profit to the northern Iranian tribesmen. Many Martinis and Lee Metfords were acquired by 'Martini Khan' [who was said to be Shah] through Bushire from Muscat, and this is almost certainly one of those arms. It is the rare Romanov crest on the frame that shows that it was an arm that very likely went to the Cossack Brigade as opposed those that went to the non Russian commanded irregular units. This gun also has an Islamic inscription [mash'allah] frequently seen on the scarce 'Mascate' Martinis. See reference to the 'Muscate' Martinis in Firearms of the Islamic World in the Tareq Rajab Museum by Robert Elgood. Decorated with leather and studwork. A fascinating gun with an incredibly interesting and circuitous Russian and Islamic history. Action works fine, some time long past the breech has been internally blocked to render inactive. Floridly engraved, now worn, similarly to the Romanov crest. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Most Intriguing 18th century Officer's Sabre With Armourer's Mark Brass stirrup hilt with fishskin grip and very unusual hinge assembled guard, that is not intended to open ??. The armourer's mark is a lion's face somewhat similar to the 18th century London silver hallmark. A beautiful sword with some most scarce features. 31.75 inch blade. Likely bespoke made but for what kind of officer?, that is the question. Research must be undertaken!
A Most Intriguing King George IIIrd Tipstaff With Estate Crest A superb looking long tipstaff in fine colouring bearing the cypher of King George IIIrd and the estate name of Dysart, this may well encompass the town of Dysart in Scotland. 26.25 inches long. Top end unevenly worn down.
A Most Rare 1859 British Rifle Cutlass-Bayonet with Bowl Guard This is a superb example of a rare Victorian bayonet with it's most impressive naval bowl guard. Made for the Royal Navy to fit on the Enfield rifle it had a duel purpose being a very long and effective bayonet when mounted on the rifle, and just as effective when used on it's own in close combat boarding and land patrol actions. 26.75 inch blade One original photo in the gallery of Bayonet Cutlass Drill, and another of a print of an exhibition of the new Gatling hand revolving Machine Gun, shown alongside two stands of arms bearing cutlass bayonets mounted on Enfield rifles. We have heard that at one or two auctions, where these fabulous sword bayonets have rarely appeared, and due to their combined scarcity and desirability for collectors they have fetched upwards of 2000 pounds or more.
A Most Rare and Collectable 19th P.W.O. Hussars 1898-1902 Cap Badge Indian elephant on the earlier one line scroll [as opposed to the later, two line scroll, used till 1909]. An original, very fine quality, near mint example. This is one of the scarcest and most collectable Victorian cap badges in the field, and in the past 20 years we have seen only two or three original examples of this badge, and hundreds, if not thousands of copies. Part of a small collection of original rare Victorian badges we have just been most pleased to acquire. The regiment was originally raised in Bengal by the British East India Company in 1857 as the 1st Bengal European Light Cavalry, for service in the Indian Mutiny. During the Mutiny, a lieutenant of the regiment, Hugh Henry Gough, received the Victoria Cross. As with all other "European" units of the Company, they were placed under the command of the Crown in 1858, and subsequently formally moved into the British Army in 1862 when they were designated as hussars as the 19th Hussars. At this time, the regiment was authorised to inherit the battle honours of the disbanded 19th Light Dragoons. The 19th Hussars saw service in the 1882 Egyptian expedition, fighting at Tel el Kebir, and in the 1884-5 expedition to the Sudan at the Battle of Abu Klea. During the South African War they fought in the relief of Ladysmith. The regiment was titled 19th (Alexandra, Princess of Wales's Own) Hussars after Alexandra, Princess of Wales.
A Most Rare Antique 17th to 18th Century Sinhalese Kastane Sword Interesting kastane with the carved wood makara pommel a recurved knuckleguard and two quillon also with the Makara head and counter quillon with Makara [5 in all]. The hilt is delictely inlaid with brass inlays as is the blade. A typical 17th to 18th century sword from ancient Ceylon (now Sri Lanka) which was in ancient times known as the Kingdom of Lions (Sinhaladwipa) often termed Sinhala. The term Sinha is lion in Hindu. These lionheads in grotesque form are of course representing this heritage. The makara represents the Hindu water beast (fish/crocodile) ridden by Varuna. Pommel with small jaw section lacking.The kastane is the national sword of Sri Lanka. It typically has a short curved single-edged blade, double-edged at the point. The hilt comprises a knuckle-guard and down-turned quillons, each terminating in a dragon's head. The swords were intended to serve as badges of rank; the quality of ornamentation depending on the status of the wearer. The establishment of European trading contacts with South Asia by the late 16th and early 17th century led to these swords becoming fashionable dress accessories among European gentlemen. A kastane can be seen in an equestrian portrait of Colonel Alexander Popham at Littlecote House in the care of the Royal Armouries Collection (I.315).
A Most Rare Civil War Army 44 Cal. Revolver by Allen and Wheellock Serial numbered '76'. A big and substantial American martial pistol of the Civil War cavalry, and the Wild West era thereafter. This example is one of only around 700 examples ever made, and the first 536 of those were bought by contract by the Union Army for the Civil War. The first 198 were purchased from William Read & Sons of Boston on December 31, 1861, and the remainder came directly from the company. Many of that contract going to the Michigan Cavalry, this gun is amazingly only serial numbered as 76. These guns were made between 1861-1862. These centre hammer percussion revolvers are believed to have been made after the Allen & Wheelock lipfire cartridge Army & Navy production. The action is good and the surface finish is certainly good for it's age. The Michigan Brigade, sometimes called the Wolverines, the Michigan Cavalry Brigade or Custer's Brigade, was a brigade of cavalry in the volunteer Union Army during the latter half of the American Civil War. Composed primarily of the 1st Michigan Cavalry, 5th Michigan Cavalry, 6th Michigan Cavalry and 7th Michigan Cavalry, the Michigan Brigade fought in every major campaign of the Army of the Potomac from the Battle of Gettysburg in July 1863 to the Confederate surrender at Appomattox Court House in April 1865. The brigade first gained fame during the Gettysburg Campaign under the command of youthful Brigadier General George Armstrong Custer. After the war, several men associated with the brigade joined the U.S. 7th Cavalry Regiment and later fought again under Custer in the Old West frontier. An Allen & Wheelock Centre Hammer Percussion Army Revolver, Serial no 88, sold for $7,945.00 04/24/2006. But that example did have some original finish. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Most Rare Early J. Gordon Bennett Ballooning Cup Medal. Bronze J. Gordon Bennett Cup commemorative medal; Obverse: relief of the J. Gordon Bennett Trophy Cup depicted, embossed text "COUPE AERONAUTIQUE, J. GORDON BENNETT", inscribed text "WON BY THE AERO CLUB OF AMERICA, FRANK P. LAHM 1906, EDGAR W. MIX 1909, ALAN R. HAWLEY 1910"; Reverse: embossed text of the St. Regis hotel dinner menu. There is an example in the Smithsonian. The Coupe Aéronautique Gordon Bennett, is the most prestigious event in aviation and the ultimate challenge for the balloon pilots and their equipment. The goal is simple: to fly the furthest distance from the launch site. The international balloon competition was initiated by adventurer and newspaper tycoon Gordon Bennett in 1906, when 16 balloons launched from the Tuileries Gardens in Paris, France. The reverse of the medal shows the menu of the celebration meal at the St Regis Hotel, March 29th 1911
A Most Rare King Charles Ist Hunting Sword, Scabbard and Baldric 1640's all steel hunting swords are pretty rare, but to have it's original scabbard and baldric is exceptionaly rare. This is the form of sword that was highly desirable in it's day as it's length made it extremely useful in all manner of uses, from hunting wild boar to use as a senior officer's naval cutlass. There are numerous portraits of British Admirals from the 1640's to 1750's each depicted armed with a similar form of hunting sword.
A Most Rare King James Iind 'Gun Money' Half Crown Coin Dated May 1690 Minted in Ireland for the War In Ireland. The title means exactly what it says! These coins were struck in Ireland and used to pay the common soldiers of James II's army, who were helping him to regain the English throne from William and Mary. Most historians believe that the foreign officers - mostly French, Spanish and Portuguese - refused to be paid in anything other than gold or silver.30 penny piece half crown. Gun money was an issue of coins made by the forces of James II during the Williamite War in Ireland between 1689 and 1691. They were minted in base metal (copper, brass or pewter), and were designed to be redeemed for silver coins following a victory by James II and consequently bore the date in months to allow a gradual replacement. As James lost the war, that replacement never took place, although the coins were allowed to circulate at much reduced values before the copper coinage was resumed. They were mostly withdrawn from circulation in the early 18th century. The name "gun money" stems from the idea that they were minted from melted down guns, they consisted mostly of old cannon or church bells, and they looked brassy or coppery according to the "mix". The main mint was at Dublin, but in 1690 - when Limerick was under siege until 1691 - a second mint was set up. There were two issues. The first "large" issue consisted of sixpences, shillings and half crowns (2½ shillings). The second, "small" issue consisted of shillings, halfcrowns and crowns (5 shillings). Some of the second issue were overstruck on large issue pieces, with shillings struck over sixpences, half crowns on shillings and crowns on half crowns. The most notable feature of the coins is the date, because the month of striking was also included. This was so that after the war (in the event of James' victory), soldiers would be able to claim interest on their wages, which had been withheld from proper payment for so long. Specimen strikings were produced in silver and gold for most months, and these tend to be extremely rare. Though all these coins are unique in having the month and date on them, as they are the only British coins to have this distinction. The war in Ireland the War of the Grand Alliance [The Nine Years War], such as The Battle of the Boyne in Ireland The Williamite War in Ireland {"the war of the two kings"} was a conflict between Jacobites (supporters of Catholic King James II) and Williamites (supporters of Protestant Prince William of Orange) over who would be King of England, Scotland and Ireland. It is also called the Jacobite War in Ireland or the Williamite–Jacobite War in Ireland. The cause of the war was the deposition of James II as King of the Three Kingdoms in the "Glorious Revolution" of 1688. James was supported by the mostly Catholic "Jacobites" in Ireland and hoped to use the country as a base to regain his Three Kingdoms. He was given military support by France to this end. For this reason, the War became part of a wider European conflict known as the Nine Years' War (or War of the Grand Alliance). Some Protestants of the established Church in Ireland also fought on the side of King James. James was opposed in Ireland by the mostly Protestant "Williamites", who were concentrated in the north of the country. William landed a multi-national force in Ireland, composed of English, Scottish, Dutch, Danish and other troops, to put down Jacobite resistance. James left Ireland after a reverse at the Battle of the Boyne in 1690 and the Irish Jacobites were finally defeated after the Battle of Aughrim in 1691.
A Most Rare Matchlock Musket of the Elizabethan to Civil War Period A most long impressive and historically interesting musketeer's musket from the late Tudor to the Stuart period. A very rare musketeer's military arquebuss, that was used in warfare from the 1500's till the mid 1650's, in conjunction with a arquebuss rest, as the gun was so heavy and long.Used by a musketeers with his 12 apostles pre loaded with powder, this would prove to be a devastating weapon used at long and short distance. It has a long octagonal tapered iron barrel terminating with a later, bronze three stage ring and octogonal muzzle piece. At the breech, on the top strap, is a long tubular facetted and moulded peep site, and to the ignition side is the integral touchhole pan with a rotating pivoted pan cover. The later stock is in plain timber of either walnut or beech. The lock, with a later plate, is typically simple lever that lowers the taper arm into the pan. One of the greatest scientists of the Middle Ages was Roger Bacon, born in 1241 in Somerset, England. Between 1257 and 1265, Bacon wrote a book of chemistry called Opus Majus which contained a recipe for gunpowder. The earliest picture of a gun is in a manuscript dated 1326 showing a pear-shaped cannon firing an arrow. Crude cannons were used by King Edward III against the Scots in the following year. In general, the design of the firearm components has remained almost unchanged since the first hand-held weapons were built - except for the ignition system. The earliest guns had a simple hole in the barrel, called a touch-hole, where the powder inside the barrel was exposed. The gun was fired by touching either a burning wick, taper or a red-hot iron to the exposed gun powder. Over the centuries, the development of more sophisticated and reliable ignition systems distinguished later period guns from earlier ones.The one real advantage the musketeers possessed was the intimidation factor which their weapons provided. The first important use of musketeers was in 1530 when Francis I organized units of arquebusiers or matchlock musketeers in the French army. By 1540 the matchlock design was improved to include a cover plate over the flash pan which automatically retracted as the trigger was pressed. The matchlock was the primary firearm used in the conquering of the New World. In time, the Native Americans (Indians) discovered the weaknesses of this form of ignition and learned to take advantage of them. Even Henry Hudson was defeated by an Indian surprise attack in 1609 due to unlit matches. The matchlock was introduced by Portuguese traders to Eastern countries around 1498, particularly India and Japan, and was used by them well into the 19th century. 63 inches long overall,
A Most Rare, Chinese, Ching Dynasty Long Jian [Straight Sword] With copper brass pommel, cross guard and rosewood grip inlaid with silver flower head rivets. Ninety nine percent of all original Chinese swords that survive from the Ching era, or before, are the short jian or the curved single edged dao swords. But the long, finely mounted double edged jian, such as this very fine piece, are most rare indeed, and this is a type that we have simply never seen before in over 40 years, mother that illustrated in Chinese paintings for the early dynasties. It is inscribed in Chinese text 'Long Life" at the ricasso and the cross guard is inlaid in a silver head of a dragon on both sides. The blade is very unusual having a double edge and wide central rib to both sides. The Chinese dragon does not breathe fire and kidnap maidens, the Chinese dragon is a benevolent creature that saved mankind from drought by making it rain. The dragon also has the power to calm waters, so when a river floods, a dragon is called upon to dispel the waters. There are many different characters and personalities for various dragons within Chinese mythology, this dragon on the two hilts is most likely Yazi. Yazi is sometimes found engraved on the handles of swords. Yazi was renown to be both brave and belligerent. Truly original, antique, Chinese weapons, such as this one, are very scarce indeed. Few swords were ever brought back from travellers to China, as porcelain and silk were far more popular souvenirs for Europeans, and in China itself nearly all their edged weapons were melted down and destroyed in the era of Mao [in order to create steel]. This is a true beauty in very nice condition and has been well cared for since it was brought back from China. It would have been used up to and during the Taiping Rebellion, the Opium Wars and into the Boxer Rebellion era, and most likely brought back to England by a soldier that either served in the Taiping Rebellion, the Opium War, or possibly defended the legations at the siege in Peking. The Opium Wars, also known as the Anglo-Chinese Wars, divided into the First Opium War from 1839 to 1842 and the Second Opium War from 1856 to 1860, were the climax of disputes over trade and diplomatic relations between China under the Qing Dynasty and the British Empire. After the inauguration of the Canton System in 1756, which restricted trade to one port and did not allow foreign entrance to China, the British East India Company faced a trade imbalance in favour of China and invested heavily in opium production to redress the balance. British and United States merchants brought opium from the British East India Company's factories in Patna and Benares, in the Indian state of Bengal, to the coast of China, where they sold it to Chinese smugglers who distributed the drug in defiance of Chinese laws. Aware both of the drain of silver and the growing numbers of addicts, the Dao Guang Emperor demanded action. Officials at the court who advocated legalization of the trade in order to tax it were defeated by those who advocated suppression. In 1838, the Emperor sent Lin Zexu to Guangzhou where he quickly arrested Chinese opium dealers and summarily demanded that foreign firms turn over their stocks. When they refused, Lin stopped trade altogether and placed the foreign residents under virtual siege, eventually forcing the merchants to surrender their opium to be destroyed. In response, the British government sent expeditionary forces from India which ravaged the Chinese coast and dictated the terms of settlement. The Treaty of Nanking not only opened the way for further opium trade, but ceded territory including Hong Kong, unilaterally fixed Chinese tariffs at a low rate, granted extraterritorial rights to foreigners in China which were not offered to Chinese abroad, a most favoured nation clause, as well as diplomatic representation. When the court still refused to accept foreign ambassadors and obstructed the trade clauses of the treaties, disputes over the treatment of British merchants in Chinese ports and on the seas led to the Second Opium War and the Treaty of Tientsin. A picture in the gallery show the capture of General Pang De by Guan Yu and Shang Xi. 27 inch, blade
A Most Scarce 52nd Regt, of Light Infantry Pioneer Sword This sword is an absolute beauty, and such a rare piece from the late Georgian era. It has a stunning cast brass hilt with a superb cast lion pommel and the regiment number of the 52nd and the Light Infantry Bugle. This sword was made specifically for the 52nd and we very rarely see examples of it from one decade to the next. Most examples have the saw back form, but this is the adapted, back-sword blade with double edged fore-section. Overall 29.5 inches long, blade 24 inches.
A Most Scarce and Beautiful Antique Balinese Executioner's Keris The hilt is a gilt metal figure modelled likely as Bayu, Hindu god of wind, seated on a rock, his right hand holding the flask with life-elixer, the left a part of his shawl, his face with ferocious expression and bulging eyes studded with coloured glass-beads. It has a very nice very long blade of the excecutioner's form. This is a nice piece and a most unusually seen variation of these interesting weapons, called the Kris or Keris. Good antique gold coloured metal hilts of Bayu, studded with glass beads such as this, are most collectable and they occassionally appear, on the collector's market, frequently mounted on a base, without their blades, and sold as Asian Object D'art. In Sale No.2501, at Christie's, their sale of Asian Ceramics and Works of Art, on the 8 May 2001, in Amsterdam, a gold coloured metal figure of this very kind, also studded with similar glass beads, sold for $9,390 US Dollars.
A Most Scarce Crown Painted Scottish Tipstaff of Office, Broughton 1830's Turned wood in ebonised finish, painted and named with a Crown and King William IVth's cypher. Named to Broughton in Scotland. The early Police or Sheriff's Officer's authority was represented not by a badge, but by a tipstaff. The tipstaff represented the officer's direct authority from the crown to make an arrest. A tipstaff is a staff of office mounted with a tip or cap of metal, or with a painted crown, which is carried by a constable or sheriff's officer. Tipstaffs are attached to the courts of justice and their major duty is to arrest or take into custody any person on an order of committal, if within the precincts of the court and convey them to prison
A Most Scarce French 1842 Model Rifle Sword Bayonet A large long and weighty sword bayonet, considerably scarcer and heavier than it's more commonly seen younger brother, the 1860's and 70's Chassepot rifle sword bayonet. Made at the Imperial Arsenal at Chatellerault. The same form of bayonet and rifle as was used by the French, in the Crimean War, as the British and Ottoman ally against the forces of the Russian Czar.
A Most Scarce Reading Borough Police Cutlass No 53 Circa 1840 The Reading Borough Police was a police force for the borough of Reading in the United Kingdom. The force was created in 1836, at which time it had a strength of 30 constables, two sergeants and two inspectors. With brass hilt, sharkskin bound grip brass and leather scabbard., and blade etched with R.B.P No 53. Current Police Officers, on late night duty, do, what is now very commonly called the 'graveyard shift'. This old English term is in fact derived from the early days of the British constabulary force, when undertaking the late night duty of patrolling graveyards. Which was to a regular patrol made in order to prevent body snatchers from defiling late burials, and the stealing of bodies, for medical experimentation. This was a highly dangerous part of Victorian policing, as grave robbing was a capital crime, so, the police constables were armed with these swords to protect them from 'grave' assault. These swords were also issued in case of riot, and in various times for general service wear as well. Small loss to top of grip and leather stitching on the scabbard separated.
A Most Scarce Spanish Peninsular War, 1796 Pattern Bilboa Cavalry Sword A fabulous, original, example of these scarce rapier type Spanish 18th century broadswords. The hilt is in superb order, with excellent wire bound grip and large shaped bowl, as is the very long broadsword blade. In 1796 (although there is a controversy around the precise date) a new model sword for Spanish cavalry troopers was adopted. This beautiful example, showing very classic lines and a very similar construction to the previous pattern, presents an almost full cup-hilt in a rapier style, curved quillons and knuckle-bow. The blade was very similar to that of 1728 pattern, having these dimensions: length 940 mm, width 35, thickness 6 mm. Alongside the later 1803 pattern change these were predominantly used by cavalry at the Battle of Baylen, the crushing defeat of Napoleon's Grande Armee in the Spanish invasion. Battle of Baylen Fought July 19, 1808, between 15,000 Spaniards under Castaflos, and 20,000 French under Dupont. The French were totally defeated with a loss of over 2,000 men, and Dupont surrendered with his whole army. The Battle of Bailén [Baylen] was contested in 1808 between the Spanish Army of Andalusia, led by Generals Francisco Castaños and Theodor von Reding, and the Imperial French Army's II corps d'observation de la Gironde under General Pierre Dupont de l'Étang. The heaviest fighting took place near Bailén (sometimes anglicized Baylen), a village by the Guadalquivir river in the Jaén province of southern Spain. In June 1808, following the widespread uprisings against the French occupation of Spain, Napoleon organized French units into flying columns to pacify Spain's major centres of resistance. One of these, under General Dupont, was dispatched across the Sierra Morena and south through Andalusia to the port of Cádiz where an French naval squadron lay at the mercy of the Spanish. The Emperor was confident that with 20,000 men, Dupont would crush any opposition encountered on the way.[7] Events proved otherwise, and after storming and plundering Córdoba in July, Dupont retraced his steps to the north of the province to await reinforcements. Meanwhile, General Castaños, commanding the Spanish field army at San Roque, and General von Reding, Governor of Málaga, travelled to Seville to negotiate with the Seville Junta—a patriotic assembly committed to resisting the French incursions—and to turn the province's combined forces against the French. Dupont's failure to leave Andalusia proved disastrous. Between 16 and 19 July, Spanish forces converged on the French positions stretched out along villages on the Guadalquivir and attacked at several points, forcing the confused French defenders to shift their divisions this way and that. With Castaños pinning Dupont downstream at Andújar, Reding successfully forced the river at Mengibar and seized Bailén, interposing himself between the two wings of the French army. Caught between Castaños and Reding, Dupont attempted vainly to break through the Spanish line at Bailén in three bloody and desperate charges, losing more than 2,500 men. His counterattacks defeated, Dupont called for an armistice and was compelled to sign the Convention of Andújar which stipulated the surrender of almost 18,000 men, making Bailén the worst disaster and capitulation of the Peninsular War, and the first major defeat of Napoleon's Grande Armée. When news of the catastrophe reached the French high command in Madrid, the result was a general retreat to the Ebro, abandoning much of Spain to the insurgents. France's enemies in Spain and throughout Europe cheered at this first check to the hitherto unbeatable Imperial armies[8]—tales of Spanish heroism inspired Austria and showed the force of nation-wide resistance to Napoleon, setting in motion the rise of the Fifth Coalition against France.
A Most Scarce, Victorian Military '7th Royal Fusiliers March' Polyphon Disc Ideal for both collectors of Royal Fusiliers items, and musical Polyphon discs. Polyphon is the trade name of a large coin-operated music box, a mechanical device first manufactured in the late 1800s and early 1900s in Germany or Switzerland. In March, 1854, France, Turkey and Britain declared war on Russia, and the theatre for the fighting was the Crimean peninsula on the Black Sea. The Royal Fusiliers were dispatched as part of the Allied expedition and arrived to fight at the Battle of the Alma in September of 1854 and at Inkerman in November of the same year. The Regiment endured the brutal winter conditions of the Crimea during the siege of Sevastopol through the following winter, and were present at the end of that siege in September, 1855. The Regiment returned to England in 1856. Five members were awarded the newly-instituted Victoria Cross for valiant service in the Crimea. They were Assistant Surgeon Thomas Hale Egerton, Lieutenant William Hope, Private Matthew Hughes, Captain Henry Mitchell Jones and Private William Norman. The Regiment was granted battle honours for the Battles of the Alma, Inkerman and Sevastopol. The second battalion was sent to Ireland in 1872 and then to India in 1874, eventually returning to England in 1889 after service on campaign in Afghanistan in 1880. In Afghanistan, Private Thomas Ashford was awarded a Victoria Cross for rescuing a wounded comrade while under fire. The Regiment was granted battle honours for the Afghanistan Campaign (1879-1880) and Kandahar (1880).
A Most Unusual 19th Century British Sword Stick For A Retired Fusilier This is extraordinarily unusual. A sword stick with it's haft completely covered in wound and lacquered string with Turk's Head knots, spirals and banding. The handle is shaped like a bird of paradise and it's plumage is a British regimental shako fusilier's plume. The blade is long, single edged. The plume can be unscrewed for regular use.
A Most Unusual French Cavalry Pistol Circa 1830 to 1840 Made at the arsenal at St Etienne [proof marks the barrel underside] it conforms in part to the earlier, 1822 pattern Guarde du Roi pistol, with it's distinctive ovoid butt cap, as opposed the standard line-cavalry pattern with the bird's head butt cap. Although this is most similar to the earlier Guarde du Roi pattern, we have yet to find reference works to confirm this. It may have been a subsequent model, with a back action lock, that may only have seen brief service, or, a prototype model not officially adopted. The French cavalry and the French Guarde Du Corps in the 19th century had numerous patterns, model changes, transitional patterns, conversions and variations, and as such, a few models remain unidentifiable to us at present. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Most Unusual Spadroon Hilted Sword, King George IIIrd Of The 1780's A very nice British officer's sword. With a ribbed ebony grip with steel side ribs, 3 stage ovoid facetted pommel, double edged blade engrave with loyal motto, 'For My Country and King' on both sides.
A Most Unusual, Charming, Austrian Influence Flintlock Pistol Circa 1810 With a carved stock very much in the Austrian manner with chisseling and line engraving. Carved horn fore end, copper ramrod pipe and steel furniture. The barrel is decoratively engraved down it's length. The kind of pistol used by gentlemen in the Napoleonic Wars around central and Southern Europe.
A Myanmar Dao of the Naga-Kachin Peoples (northern Burma (Myanmar)) Superior chiefs type sword. One of the most recognised head hunting people in the modern world, are the Nagas. Radically different from the better known Indian ethnic groups and closely related to the Chin and Kachin people of Burma, the Naga tribes live in the mountains of north-east India. Head-hunting was an important practice to them, for the sucess of their crops depended on a sprinkling of blood from a stranger over the fields. Head taking was also vital to ensure the health of the community and the wealth of the village as a whole. Once certain tattoos showed the wearer had taken an enemy's head. Costumes and ornaments of hair, fur, shells, teeth, cane, ivory, carved wood and monkeys' skulls were worn not only for aesthetic effect, but possessed great power in their own right. The taking of heads and or the giving of mithun feasts earned individual Nagas the right to wear distinctive and powerful ornaments, which in turn gave them higher status within the tribe. This sword is extremely similar to an example described as being of the Kachin type in Rawson (plate 37) and to an example in the Pitt-Rivers Museum in Oxford, England which is also labeled as being of the Kachin type. The end of the hilt is flared out and capped by a plate of ivory or bone. The grip of the handle is wrapped with basketry painted black towards the cap and a bronze ferrule covers the hilt towards the blade. The single cutting edge, oriented upward in the photographs above, is almost straight although a minimal convex curve may be discerned upon close examination. The face of the blade shown has an indistinct bevel, occupying about two-fifths of the blade's width, where the blade thins to form the edge. The opposite blade face is relatively flat. Dao. Myanmar of the Kachin Hills. Mid-to-late 19th Century. The blade shows a folded serpentine pattern in the steel, and a hardened edge. Headhunting has been a practice among the Naga tribes of India and Myanmar. In Assam, in the northeast of India, all the peoples living south of the Brahmaputra River—Garos, Khasis, Nagas, and Kukis—formerly were headhunters including the Mizo of the Lusei Hills who also hunt heads of their enemies which was latter abolished with Christianity introduced in the region. Overall length: 63 cm.; blade length:47 cm.
A Napoleonic Colonel's or Staff Officer's Sword In 'Post Combat' Condition One of the most desirable, scarcest and beautiful swords used by senior officer's in Napoleon's Grande Armee. Known as the Marengo pattern hiIt, It is in post hand to hand combat order, and has obviously seen some combat damage and wear. In original condition swords of this pattern are highly rare and valued very, very highly indeed. For example a very similar hilted, of an unknown officer of the Imperial Guarde example, [but of course in better order] sold in 1991, at the Delevenne-Lafarge saleroom in Paris, for an astounding £32,830. However, it is, in certain respects, very much to it's advantage, to be in battle worn order, as this fine and very rare sword is now easily within reach of many average French Napoleonic weaponry collector's, whereas in perfect order, a sword such as this, that was used by a senior staff officer, under, for example Marshal Ney's command, would be beyond the reach of most collector's pockets. Unusually it has a straight blade, which may suggest it was a staff officer controlling the French heavy cavalry, such as cuirassiers or carabiniers. A truly fabulous French sword of much scarcity and collect ability, as so few of these swords, that were used officer's within the echelons of Napoleon's personal influence survive today. And it is perfectly possible that Napoleon himself knew it's officer owner personally. The last picture in the gallery is of Napoleon's brother Joseph and Marshal Jourdan ans Suchet, Jourdan is carrying a very similar sword to this. No scabbard, extreme end of quillon lacking.
A Native North American Pair of Child's Boots. Reservation Period Probably Cree Tribe. Beautifully made and thoroughly charming. Not antique, 20th century, but very interesting and Native American art is never normally to be seen in Europe. Superb detail and workmanship
A Nice 19th Century Patent Powder Flask A jolly attractive flask in nice operating order with original lacquer finish. Decorated with stags and hounds on both sides.
A Nice Early 19th century, King George IIIrd Old Sheffield Decanter Coaster a wine and spirit decanter gallery coaster in fine old plate, with deep turned carved mahogany base, pierced sides, multi ribbed rim edge and beize cloth on the bottom. Measures 5" in diameter x 2.25" tall. Excellent period condition.
A Nice Indo Persian Tulwar With Likely a 17th 18th Century German Blade Long fullered blade, predominantly straight with a very slight curve. Armourers mark of parallel waves. Traditional iron hilt with cursive knucklebow.
A Nice Victorian Silver Topped Walking Cane, Mallacca Wood Haft Hallmarked repousse silver top.
A North African Antique Koummya Jambiya The koummya is the characteristic traditional dagger of the Berber and Arabic peoples of Morocco. Stone classifies these as being one localized variant of the Arabic jambiya, and the contoured handles, curved double-edged blades and exaggeratedly upturned scabbard tips are all features consistent with such an interpretation. In the context of the traditional regional manner of dress, the koummya is worn visibly at the left side, generally about at the level of the waist and is suspended vertically, with the scabbard tip forward, by a long woolen baldric, attached at either end to one of the two scabbard rings, and worn crossing in front and back of the torso and over the right shoulder. A much greater diversity in forms and decoration exists than is represented by the examples presented here and presumably such features could be used to place particular examples geographically and temporally. Koummya blades are curved and double edged with the portion nearer the hilt remaining relatively straight while the curvature becomes pronounced in the half towards the tip. The length of the blade which is beveled and sharpened is longer along the concave side than along the opposite convex side. Blade thickness tapers from the base of the blade, where it is thickest, to the tip. While the edge bevels may give the blade a flattened diamond or lenticular cross-section towards the tip, the cross-section is rectangular at the forte. These blades are characteristically relatively thin and utilitarian and the presence of fullers or ridges is not typical. Typical piece in average order for age, bruising and wear averall.
A North African Sudanese Arm Dagger With leather scabbard and arm loop to hide and conceal the dagger up a warriors sleeve. The scabbard has leather areas lacking repaired with canvas..
A North European Early 17th Century Burgonet Helmet Rounded two piece skull joined medially at the apex with high roped comb with some losses, projecting forward to an acutely pointed peak. Fairly corroded overall, but this is a good, honest early helmet, now quite scarce, and from around the late Queen Elizabeth Ist era.
A Pair Of Boxlock Pocket Percussion Pistols Circa 1835 In very good order, with what appears to be very nice original finish. All steel furniture with engraved side plates, barrel tangs and trigger guards, slab sided walnut butts, oval name cartouches to sides, one engraved D.EGG. Durs Egg was one of England finest ever gunsmiths, but at this period his working life was coming to an end, and after his death, his relatives [John and George Frederick[son] ] carried on working in his name. Good turn-ff breech loading barrels with excellent proof markings. Both actions are very crisp indeed, but one pistol is reticent to engage past first cock. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Pair of Late 18th Early 19th Century Napoleonic Crossbow Pistol Bolts Very finely made steel quarrel heads, beautifully facetted, with brass lined collars. On wooden hafts. Superbly made pieces and very scarce indeed. Illustrated with the kind of pistol used from the Napoleonic era. A weapon as silent as the grave, yet more deadly than a pistol as it's range was greater and penetrating power more effective. The heads could easily be beautifully polished to brighter steel. A picture in the gallery of a Napoleonic pistol that used such bolts.
A Pair of Monumental and Fabulous Gaucho 'Cowboy' Spurs Silver inlaid steel with huge 5.5 inch multi spiked roundels. The South American Cowboy or Gaucho was the first range cowboy, whose existance is first recorded back in the 1600's, they wandered the Pampas for centuries, working cattle and living off the land and the herd, just as the later North American Cowboy did in the 19th century. Like the North American cowboys gauchos were generally reputed to be strong, honest, silent types, but proud and capable of violence when provoked. The gaucho tendency to violence over petty matters is also recognized as a typical trait. Gauchos' use of the famous "facón" (knife generally tucked into the rear of the gaucho sash) is legendary, often associated with considerable bloodletting. Historically, the facón was typically the only eating instrument that a gaucho carried. As Charles Darwin said of these distinctive famous men of the pampas, and the men who wore and used the facón, "Many quarrels arose, which from the general manner of fighting with the knife often proved fatal." The gauchos spurs could be fantastically flamboyant, such as these, and the best example of their status and position
A Pair Of Very Good 19th Century, King George IIIrd Period Leg Manacles An intriguing piece from the days of manacled restraint and torture. In iron, with screw bolt locks and link chain. Used for the restraint of prisoners in dungeons, goals, such as Newgate Prison, or on prison galleys for deportation.
A Pair of Very Nice Meteoric Steel Indonesian Kris Daggers A pair of old keris or Kris with a superbly sculpted serpentine seven wave blade Keris Melayu Semenanjong with a serpentine blade with 7 Luk [seven curves or waves]. A good and scarce example of a keris from the southern Malaysian peninsular region of Johor or Selangor. Handle in the jawa demam form. This form of hilt is common in central or southern Sumatra, as well as the Malay peninsular regions. The Minang variant is usually more upright with a more flaring top. The top sheath in the typical Malay tebeng form, are made from very well selected kemuning woods with flashing grains. Bottom stem is likely made from well selected angsana woods with tiger’s stripe grains. Pamor patterns are arranged in the mlumah technique of the wos utah or scattered rice variations which is said to enhance the owner’s material well being. 9 inches long overall
A Pair of Victorian Coaching Prints in Rosewood Veneer Frames With super old labels of Arthur Ackerman Gallery of Fine Arts, 191 Regent St. London, W. A charming pair of original Victorian coloured prints in delightful frames. 6.75 inches x 8.75 inches
A Percussion Ring Trigger, Self Cocking Pepperbox Revolver, Circa 1840. A J. R.Cooper's Patent Revolver with good ring pull trigger action. A scarce pistol and this is a nice example of it's kind. A Coopers patent 6 barreled, pepperbox revolver c1840 with walnut bag shaped butt and foliate engraving, signed J. R. Coopers Patent.
A Persian Percussion Horse Pistol [Tapance] from the Qajar Period From the mid 19th century, a Persian pistol with likely a high carbon steel octagonal barrel with traces of 8 groove rifling. Fully engraved, probably Persian lock, with matching florid scroll engraving to the barrel breech tang and fore end. Chequered stock with steel butt cap and lanyard ring. Half stocked with rammer lacking. Plain steel trigger guard. Persian pistols are very scarcely seen, even within Iran, and more often than not with imported locks, usually British, this example though has more likely a Persian lock [based on a British import] As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Polish Karabela Sword With Royal Crest of Kingdom of Poland & Lithuania Dated 1861. An inscribed presentation, beautiful Polish karabela, with a cast brass open hilt with the pommel modelled after an eagle's head, with a scalloped grip and shell formed quillon. Sweeping curved blade with typical curvature triple fullers and false back edge. Etched at the fort with the Polish royal crest of the Kingdom of Poland and Lithuania, date 1861 and Polish motto. The blade is engraved with a presentation inscripton as given by Jerzy Hoffman, the director of "With Fire and Sword" [ Ogniem I Mieczem], the most expensive Polish film ever made as of that time. A delightful piece that has twin interest, firstly as a Polish sword of the pre war era, and as a historical presentation piece with a direct connection to a significant historical film regarding combat by sword within it's story. Perhaps one of the most famous types of a Polish sabre was the classical karabela, which entered service around 1670. Most likely the name was coined after the Turkish terms Kara (dark) and bela (curse). The type of the sabre was modelled after the swords of the Turkish footmen formations of Janissaries and Spahis, which used it in close quarters. Much lighter than the hussar szabla, the karabela had an open hilt with the pommel modelled after eagle's head. Such an anatomic grip allowed for easier handling of circular cuts while fighting on foot and for swinging cuts from horseback. Initially the karabela sabres were used mostly for decoration or as a ceremonial weapon worn on special occasions. Popularized during the reign of King Jan III Sobieski, the sabre became one of the most popular Polish cold steel weapons. Though in theory the type could be subdivided into an ornamented ceremonial type and a simple battle weapon, in reality both were more expensive, and the cheaper designs were often used in combat. Most of the szlachta could afford only one expensive karabela and, in case of a dire need, simply replaced the ebony or ivory scabbard with a leather version and removed some of the precious stones from the hilt in order to convert it into a reliable weapon. Ogniem I Mieczem Directed by Jerzy Hoffman Based on With Fire and Sword by Henryk Sienkiewicz Starring Izabella Scorupco Micha? ?ebrowski Aleksandr Domogarov With Fire and Sword (Polish: Ogniem I Mieczem;] is a 1999 Polish historical drama film directed by Jerzy Hoffman. The film is based on the novel With Fire and Sword, the first part in The Trilogy of Henryk Sienkiewicz. At the time of its filming it was the most expensive Polish film ever made
A Prussian 100 Year Medal of Kaiser Willhelm 1779-1879 In gilt bronze with original silk ribbon. In near mint condition. A large, beautiful and impressive Imperial German medal in remarkable condition. The best example we have ever seen.
A Queen Elizabeth Ist Period Morion Helmet, in Black and White Armour. The morion helmet is one of the great iconic designs of German helmet, made in the German states, and used by the Conquistadors of Spain, that conquered the South American nations, and the early English settlers of America in the mid 16th century. They were used by the bodyguards of the rulers of the German states, such as the Elector of Hanover, and the Spanish armies that attempted the invasion of Britain, in the great Spanish Armada, that was beaten by Elizabeth's Grand Admiral, Sir Francis Drake. In fact the British and many nations used them from the 1500's and into the English Civil War.
A Queen's South Africa Medal to South African Constabulary Cavalryman. A rare medal of the Boer War with three bars. Issued to 3rd Class Trooper R.G,Phillips.. 12 squadrons of the SAC were raised in Canada by General Baden-Powell. Many Canadians stayed on to live there after the war's end. One photo in the gallery of a group of SAC probably outside the HQ at Koffiefontein
A Rare & Super 17th -18th Century Tibetan Matchlock Musket From the a small ancient arms collection and from the same source as a fine 17th century Tibetan sword we have just been delighted to acquire. Old original Tibetan antique arms very rarely survive and now are generally only to be seen in the biggest and best museums. This is a good example of a nicely decorated, well-made and attractive, Tibetan matchlock, with distinct Indian influences, in near complete condition. Its fittings consist of a small engraved Tibetan silver cap at the tip of the fore stock and an iron lock plate on both sides of the stock decoratively decorated with geometric zig zag pattern. The breech has a slot for the upper arm of the serpentine (see detail). The Damascus twist iron octagonal barrel, of typical high quality North Indian construction flares at the muzzle and has a line sight and a peep sight. The twist pattern of the barrel forging is also faintly visible. The barrel is attached by a muzzle capuchin to the stock, and by five flattened brass bands and seven thinner rounded iron and brass bands (the former most likely being restorations). The stock had areas of applied brass plates and roundels of typically Tibetan form and decoratively engraved. The two piece butt has two applied brass bandings, likely as strengthening pieces. The offside breech has a sling swivel mount for when on horseback. The action is fully functioning well, and the pan has a sliding foul weather cover. The ramrod is missing. It would have originally had two extending and folding prongs at the forend for resting on the ground to fire on foot, but mostly this gun would have been used on horseback. Firearms were probably introduced into Tibet gradually during the sixteenth century from several sources, including China, India, and West Asia, as part of the general spread of the use of firearms throughout Asia. The traditional Tibetan gun is a matchlock musket, which appears to have changed little if at all in its construction and technology from the time of its introduction until the early twentieth century. The decoration found on Tibetan matchlock guns varies, but even the most utilitarian examples generally have some degree of ornament. It is not uncommon to find stocks with applied plaques of pierced or embossed silver, copper, or iron, which range from being relatively simple to fairly elaborate. More rarely, some stocks were painted or inlaid with bone. The match-cord pouches and pan covers often have appliqués of colored leather or textile and decorative rivets or bosses. The barrels are usually plain except perhaps for some fluting at the muzzle, ring moldings toward the breech, or simple engraved designs. There are, however, some notable exceptions of barrels decorated with damascening or made of Damascus steel such as this one. This gun has the combination of Indian decorative features and the styling in the stock form of Tibetan. Likely made in an area straddling both domains. The Tibetan warrior we show in a photograph wears his matchlock across his back although you can only see it's two folded prongs that stick up from the muzzle [lacking on this gun] In Europe, the matchlock was primarily an infantry weapon, but in Tibet and Central Asia it was also used on horseback in the same way as the bow. As essential military training, and as part of various ceremonies and festivals, riders would shoot at targets while riding past them at a gallop. From the seventeenth century onward, fairly realistic depictions of matchlocks are also sometimes included in paintings of offerings to the guardian deities.
A Rare 10th Royal Hussars Victorian Senior NCO Hallmarked Silver Rank Badge And a pair of collar badges. Worn on the uniform sleeve of the regiment's senior NCO as his badge of rank. A fine example, by an English silversmith WTM, who is an unknown maker to us, as unfortunately no records of his name survives. A large silver badge of Prince of Wales' plumes, hollow construction, with flat backplate. Three mounting loops to reverse. Slight polishing to highpoints of plumes, generally excellent to very fine condition. The rank badge is over 1 oz in weight, Victorian London silver hallmarked, and 2.2 inches high. The collar badges are not hallmarked silver, maker marked for London and 1.25 inches high each, with gold 'applied' crowns, with two mounting lugs apiece The 10th or Prince of Wales’s Own Light Dragoons took the title of “Hussars’ in 1811. From 1860 until 1873 it was commanded by the famous Lt.Col. Valentine Baker, a brave and talented cavalryman, later Lieutenant General and Pasha. During his 13 year command, the regiment was known as “Bakers Light Bobs”. 10th (The Prince of Wales's Own) Royal Hussars. The senior NCO that wore this rank badge and collar badges would have likely seen action in the Second Anglo-Afghan War, at the Battle of Ali Masjid in 1878, and in the Sudan, Battle of El Teb, and Egypt in 1884. With the outbreak of the Second Boer War, the regiment sailed for South Africa in 1899. After fighting at Colesberg, the regiment participated in the relief of Kimberley in February 1900, the Battle of Paardeberg immediately afterwards, and then two years of fighting in the Transvaal. The nco and his regiment also saw action on the North-West Frontier in 1908.
A Rare 1840 Constabulary Carbine Bayonet with Deep Defensive Sword Cut With spring recess in the blade [no spring]. The most amazing feature of this bayonet is that it has parried a sword thrust, which has deeply cut into the blade elbow. A fabulous battle scar that undoubtedly saved the mans life. The socket is numbered 60. Ordnance stamped blade
A Rare Central Indian 18th C.Battle Axe, Used in Chinese Boxer Rebellion Brought Back From the Boxer Rebellion and used in the Ching Dynasty, but likely imported from central India in the middle of the 18th century. A very rare Central Indian battle axe, that somehow has ended it's working life used by a Boxer, in the rebellion. Part of a small colonial collection of antique arms that have just arrived. A super fighting axe that can be used in conjunction with the Chinese Dao fighting sword.The Boxer Rebellion, more properly called the Boxer Uprising, or the Righteous Harmony Society Movement was a violent anti-foreign, anti-Christian movement called the "Society of Righteous and Harmonious Fists" in China, but known as the "Boxers" in English. The main 'Boxer' era occured between 1898 and 1901. This fascinating era was fairly well described in the Hollywood movie classic ' 55 Days in Peking' Starring Charlton Heston and David Niven. The film gives a little background of Ching Dynasty's humiliating military defeats suffered during the Opium Wars, Sino-French War and Sino-Japanese war or the effect of the Taiping Rebellion in weakening the Ching [Qing] Dynasty.Pictures in the gallery of a watercolour of the Boxers [1900] and the combat in the siege. A photo in the gallery shows a contemporary group of Boxers in Peking during the seige of the legations. For information only not included
A Rare Extra Large Size 1796 Heavy Cavalry Officer's Sword By Prosser Maker to the King and the Duke of York. Blade made by Runkel of Solingen. A very good example of these most desirable of George IIIrd swords used by an officer in the heavy cavalry in full dress. However, this rare example has a 'boat shell' hilt around 50% bigger than usual and is most impressive. The 'Boat Shell hilt' in very good order, with it's original multi wire bound grip, fully engraved blade with the royal cypher of King George, and maker marked, copper gilt mounted leather scabbard. This is the pattern of sabre as was used by officer's of the Scots Greys, as part of the Union Brigade [so called as it was made up of a regiment of Heavy Cavalry from each part of Britain] were some of the finest heavy Cavalry in Europe and certainly one of the most feared. A quote of Napoleon of the charge at the Battle of Waterloo goes; "Ces terribles chevaux gris! Comme il travaillent!" (Those terrible grey horses, how they strive!) At approximately 1:30 pm, the second phase of the Battle of Waterloo opened. Napoleon launched D'Erlon's corps against the allied centre left. After being stopped by Picton's Peninsular War veterans, D'Erlon's troops came under attack from the side by the heavy cavalry commanded by Earl of Uxbridge including Major General Sir William Ponsonby's Scots Greys. The shocked ranks of the French columns surrendered in their thousands. During the charge Sergeant Ewart, of the Greys, captured the eagle of the French 45th Ligne. The Greys charged too far and, having spiked some of the French cannon, came under counter-attack from enemy cavalry. Ponsonby, who had chosen to ride one of his less expensive mounts, was ridden down and killed by enemy lancers. The Scots Greys' casualties included: 102 killed; 97 wounded; and the loss of 228 of the 416 horses that started the charge. This engagement also gave the Scots Greys their cap badge, the eagle itself. The eagle is displayed in the Royal Scots Dragoon Guards museum in Edinburgh Castle. The swords maker Prosser of Charing Cross London was one of the best and most famous swordmakers of the Georgian era, and examples of his swords are in the Royal Collection, The Tower of London Collection, The National Maritime Museum, The British Army Museum, and most of the finest British sword collections in the world. Runkel, blade maker, was as equally famous a gentleman in the 18th century for the supplying of finest sword blades for British Officers. He was most interestingly, however, also infamous for being imprisoned in Newgate Prison, at least once, for evading import duty and other 'dubious' practices, probably bribery. This sword is in very good but used condition, with most of it's original finest gilt remaining to the copper hilt.
A Rare Full Dress Life Guards Officer's Sword Circa 1825-1857 A Scarce Full Dress Life Guards Officer's Sword Circa 1825-1857. The Royal mounted personal bodyguard of Her Majesty Quenn Victoria. Gilt hilt of boatshell form with flat left side with distinctive elevated pommel button, original copper silvered wire bound grip, in very nice order. There are two identical swords of this kind in York Castle museum, once worn by Sir William Fraser, 1st Life Guards, also a small number at Windsor Castle Royal Collection, and two in the National Army museum, one being formerly worn by General Lord Hill of the Life Guards. The hilt of this sword is in very nice condition for age with some good original gilt remaining, the blade is good in the most part but bears some old corrosion at the bottom half up to the three quarter level. The scabbard gilt mounts are present but the leather has old rudimentary repairs. This is rare sword of it's form, and it is very inexpensive due to it's scabbard condition etc. However the leather could be repaired. A picture in the gallery of the very period of Life Guards officer who would have worn this sword.
A Rare Iron Medievil Hand Cannon Circa 1500 A most impressive yet fairly small peice of original, early ordnance. Made around the time of the Siege of Rhodes by Suleiman the Magnificent against the Knights of St John. It is thought that gunpowder was invented in China and found its way to Europe in the 13th Century. In the mid to late 13th Century gunpowder began to be used in cannons and handguns, and by the mid 14th Century they were in common use. By the end of the 14th Century both gunpowder, guns and cannon had greatly evolved and were an essential part of fortifications which were being modified to change arrow slits for gun loops.Hand cannon' date of origin ranges around 1350. Hand cannon were inexpensive to manufacture, but not accurate to fire. Nevertheless, they were employed for their shock value. In 1492 Columbus carried one on his discovery exploration to the Americas. Conquistadors Hernando Cortez and Francisco Pizzaro also used them, in 1519 and 1533, during their respective conquests and colonization of Mexico and Peru. Not primary arms of war, hand cannon were adequate tools of protection for fighting men. 4.5 inches x 4.5 inches x11,5 inches weight approx 20 Kilos
A Rare James Rodgers of Sheffield Knife-Pistol Circa 1838 Nickle barrel with a single bead sight, marked with a pair of Birmingham proofs on the upper left flat, and fitted with a central nipple and straight spur hammer. Equipped with a pair of folding blades, 3.25" and 1" in length, with "JAMES/ RODGERS/ SHEFFIELD" on both ricasso, mounted on either side of the folding trigger. Horn grips, with a storage compartment in the butt, flanked by a bullet scissor mould and tweezers held in the grips. The action main spring is at fault. A rare and most collectable gadget gun that is very inexpensively priced bearing in mind the condition. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Rare Namibian Ovambo [War Axe] 19th century.Good condition nice carving with iron axe blade.
A Rare Napoleonic Wars, 1810 Pattern French Siege Armour Cuirass Heavy siege weight breast and back plate specifically made for the Combat Engineers of Napoleon's Imperial Guard. The Engineers (Genie de la Garde Impériale) created in 1804 as the engineers of the Consular Guard, participated in combat more so than the combat units of the Guard which were usually held in reserve. By 1810 the Chief Engineer officer of the Guard had a company of Sapeurs de la Garde (140 sappers), all members of the Old Guard. In 1813 this was increased to two companies, and later one battalion of four companies totaling 400 sappers. The 1st and 2nd companies were classed as Old Guard, while the 3rd and 4th companies as the Young Guard. This rare heavyweight French armour was made at the Imperial Arsenal at Klingenthal. Very probably used at the great Peninsular War sieges such as the French siege of Badajoz, 27 January-10 March 1811, and the Siege of Cadiz. They were also used by the French right into the Crimean War especially at the Siege of Sebastepol were French combat engineers were a vital part of the whole engagement using these very armour Cuirass. The French combat engineer sapeurs created the great earthworks surrounding the besieged castles and towns in order to create demolition charges to bring down walls and defenses. Their armour had to extra heavy to resist the impact of missiles and musket fire aimed from directly above them by the besieged battlement defenders. The sapeurs worked in extraordinary close quarter to the enemy defenders, usually either British or Russian etc. and it was some of the most perilous tasks to be undertaken in any conflict circumstances. The name is derived from the French word sappe ("trench"), which became connected with military engineering in the 17th century, when attackers dug covered trenches to approach the walls of a besieged fort and also undermined the walls by tunneling beneath them. In Britain private soldiers in the Royal Engineers are styled sappers, and the term is applied generally to any military engineer—what would in America be termed a combat engineer. It makes the useful point that much military engineering is inherently dangerous. When the British stormed Delhi in 1857 the Kashmir gate was blown in by engineers (fittingly two officers, four sergeants, and seven sappers of the Bengal Sappers and Miners, most of whom were killed by heavy close-range fire), and the successful German airborne attack on Fort Eben Emael in 1940 was the work of assault engineers. It is small wonder that Royal Engineers pride themselves on the aphorism: ‘Follow the sapper.’ The picture in the gallery is of the fort of Ghazni which fell as a result of mining by a mixed contingent of the Bombay and Bengal Sappers during the First Afghan War on 23rd July 1839.
A Rare Pair of Antique Ottoman Empire Iron Stirrups A pair of antique 17th to 18th century Turkish Ottoman Empire russet iron stirrups of characteristic form, with broad arch treads. All steel construction in the early style that goes back to the mediaeval period. One picture in the gallery shows Fatih Sultan Mehmet II [using his identical stirrups] entering Constantinople, after his conquest, in 1453
A Rare Prussian-British Experimental Sword of 1850. The Royal Engineers Driver's Sword Model 1850. This sword was a Prussian experimental cavalry sword that was once issued for testing to a limited number of Prussian Hussar regiments in 1850. It was in fact not actually approved by the Prussians, but it's form was continued and developed until it's successor sword eventually evolved to become the Prussian Model 1852 Cavalry Hussar Sabre. Those experimental swords were withdrawn by Prussia and they were placed in storage in Liege for disposal. There was an article published in the "Deutsches Waffen Journal" about a sword that is a pair to this sword. On that sword, on the guard, was the regimental marking of the 4th squadron, Prussian Garde-Husaren regiment and on the spine of blade a crowned FW 50 and german D mark. This confirms it was the Prussian Hussar experimental issue of 1850. On the ricasso was an S&K marking with Crowned L 8 and two British Ordnance broad arrows to show that sword was also re issued to the British army. So, these very rarely seen swords are recorded as the Royal Engineers 1850 Driver's pattern swords, but they were originally the Prussian experimental Hussar swords, that after disapproval were then removed to Liege and later sold to the British Ordnance through the Liege armourers. Our example is very worn indeed, in fact none of it's original markings are still visible at all unfortunately. However, it is a most rare and fascinating piece, that until our extensive research [lasting many days], we believed to be a simple, and un-interesting Prussian sabre of unknown parentage.To collectors of British and Prussian swords this would make a most fascinating addition, especially, that if particularly searched for, it may take many years to find another. All over russetted, no scabbard, damaged grip.
A Rare US Civil War Moore's Patent 32 Cal. 'Teat Fire' Revolver. A rare Moore's patent .32 cal. Teat Fire revolver. Finely engraved silver plated frame, birds head butt. Good action. Fine over lacquered grips. The Teat Fire system, patented by Moore, was a most unusual front loading cartridge action, and his .45 calibre version, of the same action gun, is one of the rarest and most collectable guns of that era. Designed and made in 1864, during the Civil War, this is a very fine pocket sized revolver that saw much good service as a back-up or defensive arm for officers, and was very popular with riverboat and saloon gamblers, such as Doc Holliday and George Devol. There is a picture of an antique 19th century poster advertising Devol's gambling book. For information only not included. It utilized a special .32 caliber teat-fire cartridge designed by Daniel Moore and David Williamson. It was loaded from the front with the "teat" to the rear. This 6 shot revolver has a 3¼" barrel. Overall it measures 7-1/8" It has a fine silver plated frame. The barrel has some remaining original deep blue finish. The bird's head butt has 2 piece walnut grips. This model has a small hinged swivel gate on the right side of the barrel lug in front of the cylinder that prevents the cartridges from falling out after they are inserted. The barrel markings are "MOORE'S PAT. FIREARMS CO. BROOKLYN, N.Y.", in a single line on the top
A Regal, Royal Grade, Gold Inlaid English Regency Period Flintlock Pistol Circa 1811 a fine English flintlock pistol with superb engraving to the lock and barrel that is inlaid with pure gold. Rain proof pan, rolling frizzen, pure gold pan lining and vent, gold breech lines and muzzle line. False breech in steel with fine engraving. Plain walnut stock with microchequered grips and a plain rectangular gilt escutcheon at the wrist. Silver barrel slide escutcheons to the reverse, and gilt escutcheons to the obverse. The lockplate has a unique fitting rarely seen. Instead of side nails [screws] through the reverse, and into the lockplate, it a has a hidden front mounted buried screw, underneath the closed cock, affixing it'self through the lock plate and into the steel false breech. A most clever and technical arrangement of great ingenuity. Only pistols destined for the truly great or significant had their finest English pistols inlaid and highly embellisshed with purest gold. Pistols such as this were more often than not presented to such notables as Napoleon Bonaparte and the Prince of Wales, the Prince Regent himself. The barrel is finest damascus twist, of large carbine bore, and the trigger guard is engraved steel with a pineapple finial. It also has a captive ramrod, a cavalry design in order to avail the use of safe loading while on horseback, in order not to lose the rammer if it was dropped. The whole aspect of this pistol, it's style, calibre, and size leads one to believe this may have been made for one of the Prince's aristocratic officers, such as those that served in the Prince of Wales Own Light Dragoons, the 10th, the Prince of Wales personal cavalry regiment. Known as a dandy regiment, whose aristocratic officers of Earls and Lords, included Beau Brummel the one time closest friend and confident of the Prince. The man who it is said invented the modern day gentleman's trouser. All of the Prince's officers wore the most expensive uniforms embellished with pure silver and gold, and tenhanced with the finest, bespoke, swords and glorious English pistols. All were most extravagent, gloriously impressive, and exactly as this pistol would represent. During The period of Regency Britain, Prince George took an active interest in matters of style and taste, and his associates such as the dandy Beau Brummell and the architect John Nash created the Regency style. In London Nash designed the Regency terraces of Regent's Park and Regent Street. George took up the new idea of the seaside spa and had the Brighton Pavilion developed as a fantastical seaside palace, adapted by Nash in the "Indian Gothic" style inspired loosely by the Taj Mahal, with extravagant "Indian" and "Chinese" interiors. In the gallery is a portrait of the Prince Regent in uniform in 1809, it is evident to see his glorious dress and how this influenced all those around him and the officers that served in his Light Dragoons. The gold inlaid engraving is very much in the Regency taste, with military additions of stands of arms decorating the frizzen, lock plate and cock, and the barrel has typical Regency architectural motifs at the breech. This is not a pistol that has been made for display and never used. There are obvious signs of use, likely as an officer of dragoons pistol on horseback, and carried as such. 14 inches long overall 8 inch barrel [approximately].
A Regency-Georgian Cut Bright Steel Morning Sword With Fancy Engraved Blade A most beautiful and extravagant sword in cut steel to simulate gems and diamonds. The fashion for this work started in the reign of Queen Elizabeth 1st, and enjoyed a renaissance in the Georgian & Regency period. Not only was it revived in the décor of gentlemen's sword hilts, but also in jewellery, and gentlemen's apparel, such as shoe buckles and even buttons. This is a very fine example with particular extravagance. No scabbard.
A Regimental 1853 Pat. Trooper's 6th Dragoon's Sword Of the Crimean War A good regimentally marked sword from B troop the 6th Dragoons. It is a British 1853 pattern 'Heavy & Light Cavalry Sabre' in original steel battle scabbard. The 6th Dragoon's one of the great heavy cavalry regiments of the British Army. 'The Inniskillins', as the regiment was known, took part in the Charge of the Heavy Brigade at the Crimea. The lesser known, but much more successful charge of the Crimean War. The blade is overall russeted and the scabbard very good with natural age patina. The hilt is blackened with leather, riveted, slab sided plates. The British Cavalry were issued with the 1853 pattern just before many regiments, including, the 4th, 8th, 11th, 6th Dragoons the 6th Dragoon Guards, and the 13th Hussars, were sent to the Crimean War. In the Crimean War (1854-56), The Charge of the Heavy Brigade at Balaklava was as follows; The first assault line consisted of the Scots Greys and one squadron of the Inniskillings, a total of less than 250 sabres. Only when the RSMs declared themselves happy with the alignment did Scarlett order his bugler to sound the 'Charge'. The idea of a charge conjures up images of the Light Brigade dashing forward at speed but Dragoons were larger men with much heavier equipment so their charge was more of a trot. Floundering at obstacles such as ditches or coppices they headed towards the massed ranks of Russian cavalry, pressing on inexorably at a mere 8 miles an hour. Slow they may have been but the effect of these heavy cavalrymen slamming into the much lighter Russian cavalry stunned their enemy. A letter from a Captain of the Inniskillings illustrates the mellee which followed: "Forward - dash - bang - clank, and there we were in the midst of such smoke, cheer, and clatter, as never before stunned a mortal's ear. it was glorious! Down, one by one, aye, two by two fell the thick skulled and over-numerous Cossacks.....Down too alas! fell many a hero with a warm Celtic heart, and more than one fell screaming loud for victory. I could not pause. It was all push, wheel, frenzy, strike and down, down, down they went. Twice I was unhorsed, and more than once I had to grip my sword tighter, the blood of foes streaming down over the hilt, and running up my very sleeve....now we were lost in their ranks - now in little bands battling - now in good order together, now in and out." In the words of Colonel Paget of the Light Brigade "It was a mighty affair, and considering the difficulties under which the Heavy Brigade laboured, and the disparity of numbers, a feat of arms which, if it ever had its equal, was certainly never surpassed in the annals of cavalry warfare, and the importance of which in its results can never be known." In 1861 the 6th (Inniskilling) Dragoons like most cavalry regiments during the latter part of the 19th century did service in India, Egypt and in South Africa and the 6th Inniskillings was no exception. The regiment eventually returning to France from India in January 1915 to serve with great distinction during the Great War. Lawrence 'Titus' Oates of Scott's Antarctic Expedition was an officer in the regiment. The story of Captain Oates of the 6th Inniskilling Dragoons, has become a legend. The member of Scott's ill-fated expedition to the South Pole in 1912, who, suffering badly from frost-bite and exhaustion, and in an extreme example of self-sacrifice walked out into the blizzard on the 16th March - sacrificing himself to save his fellow men. October 25, 1854 The Charge of the Heavy Brigade at Balaclava by Lord Alfred Tennyson [first verse] The charge of the gallant three hundred, the Heavy Brigade! Down the hill, down the hill, thousands of Russians, Thousands of horsemen, drew to the valley–and stay’d; For Scarlett and Scarlett’s three hundred were riding by When the points of the Russian lances arose in the sky; And he call’d, ‘Left wheel into line!’ and they wheel’d and obey’d. Then he look’d at the host that had halted he knew not why, And he turn’d half round, and he bade his trumpeter sound To the charge, and he rode on ahead, as he waved his blade To the gallant three hundred whose glory will never die– ‘Follow,’ and up the hill, up the hill, up the hill, Follow’d the Heavy Brigade. The photo in the gallery shows the 6th Dragoons regimental armourer's stamps on the hilt guard. They are 6, D, B, & 1. These represent the regiment's number, the type of regiment, the troop number and lastly the number of the sword in the regiment. They were often struck individually, making no or little effort to line them up, or to be orderly. It entirely depended on the orderliness of the armourer himself. We also made all suitable investigations to see if there was a G stamped next to the D, that would have indicated 6th Dragoon Guards as opposed to the 6th Dragoons, but there is no trace of a G ever being present.
A Remington 'Old Model' Navy Revolver .36 Cal. 1861, 17th Alabama A most interesting revolver from the early Remington Arms Co. stable. The action is worn, but still works, but Civil War revolvers from this era are prone to wear due to the length and time of continual service during the war and well into the Wild West era. During it's servicing our gunsmith noticed the grips are originally inscribed, possibly by it's second owner, in 1863. The 1861 Navy production of only 7,000 was nearly all taken up by a Union Government contract, however in the first years of the Civil War the North was losing and many thousands of Northern made arms were captured and then used by the Confederates. This gun is inscribed R.J.H. 1863 and on the reverse 17 ALA. This is a typical marking for the 17th Alabama. We would like to thank Mr Ken Jones of Stephenville, Texas, USA for his wonderful assistance in potentially identifying the owner of this revolver, using his invaluable work in regard to the Alabama muster rolls. We now believe it would likely be named to.. RAINER, Joel H., Co. “I”, Bvt. 2nd Lt.,Captain.. "I" company was called the 'Pike Rangers', of Pike County,17th Alabama Infantry. Officers and gentleman at this time [and many still do] traditionally write or inscribe their monogramme or name, surname first. The 17th Alabama regiment was organized at Montgomery in August 1861. In November it moved to Pensacola, and was present at the bombardment in that month, and in January after. In March 1862 the regiment was sent to west Tennessee. Brigaded under J.K. Jackson of Georgia - with the Eighteenth, Twenty-first, and Twenty-fourth Alabama regiments - the regiment fought at Shiloh, and lost 125 killed and wounded. A month after, it was in the fight at Farmington with few casualties. In the autumn, when Gen. Bragg moved into Kentucky, the Seventeenth, much depleted by sickness, was left at Mobile. It was there drilled as heavy artillery, and had charge of eight batteries on the shore of the bay. It remained at that post till March 1864, when it was ordered to Rome, Ga. The brigade consisted of the Seventeenth and Twenty-ninth Alabama, and the First and Twenty-sixth Alabama, and Thirty-seventh Mississippi, were soon after added, the command devolving at different times on Gen. Cantey of Russell, Col. Murphey of Montgomery, Col. O'Neal of Lauderdale, and Gen. Shelley of Talladega. It was engaged at the Oostenaula bridge, and in the three days' battle of Resaca, with severe loss. The Seventeenth had its full share of the trials and hardships of the campaign from Dalton to Jonesboro, fighting almost daily, especially at Cassville, New Hope, Kennesa, Lost Mountain, and Atlanta. In the battle of Peach-tree Creek it lost 130 killed and wounded, and on the 28th of July 180 killed and wounded. The entire loss from the Resaca to Lovejoy's Station was 586, but few of whom were captured. The regiment moved into Tennessee with Gen. Hood, and lost at least two-thirds of its forces engaged at Franklin; and a number of the remainder were captured at Nashville. A remnant moved into North Carolina, and a part fought at Bentonville. It was then consolidated with the Twenty-ninth and Thirty-third Alabama regiments, with E.P. Holcombe of Lowndes as colonel, J.F. Tate of Russell lieutenant colonel, and Willis J. Milner of Butler major. The regiment surrendered at Greensboro, N.C. April 1865.
A Remington Civil War & Wild West Revolver. 5-shot.32in Rimfire Conversion Remington Pocket Model single-action revolver, with name, address and patent dates, factory converted with detachable plate to rear of cylinder With plain walnut grips, good working order and generally good condition, worn overall with numerous small dents to cylinder and frame. 7.75in long o/a. Boot or pocket pistols that became a most necessary part of life in the Old West. Remington was one the most famous makers of these most interesting, historical and attractive pistols and practically every world renown gambler, and saloon character such as 'Doc' Holiday, 'Wild Bill' Hickock, Jack MacCall carried one such pistol or even several. There was one famous gunfight involving just two men, where over nine guns were drawn and used between them. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Richard Simkin Watercolour Of a Cavalryman. Painted by Richard Simkin. Born in Herne Bay, Kent, the son of a commercial traveler, also named Richard. He spent much of his time at Aldershot, Hampshire, after marrying his wife, Harriet, in 1880, and may also have been a volunteer in the Artists Rifles. He was employed by the War Office to design recruiting posters, and to illustrate the Army and Navy Gazette. In 1901 he created a series of 'Types of the Indian Army' for the Gazette.; he obtained much of the information from the Colonial and India Exhibition of 1886. During his lifetime, he, along with Orlando Norie produced thousands of watercolors depicting the uniforms and campaigns of the British Army. Simkin also contributed illustrations to numerous publications including the Boy's Own Magazine, The Graphic and others; many were published by Raphael Tuck and sons. He died at his home a 7 Cavendish Street, Herne Bay on June 25, 1926, survived by his wife and two daughters. Today, his pictures can be seen in numerous regimental museums and his illustrations appear in regimental histories,
A Scarce 'Head-Hunting' Dao Sword of The Nagas of Assam An antique Dao Sword of The Nagas of Assam in Nagaland. The furthermost state of North East India. Little is known of the Nagas as most of their history is undocumented, until the British East India Co. took control of the country in 1826. The internecine tribal warfare involved head-hunting, which is the decapitation of captives for their religious ceremonies, but the British and the Christian missionaries did all that was possible to eradicate the head-hunting religious traditions, and converted a portion of the population to Baptist. The sword has a traditional straight rounded hilt [probably bamboo] with a central section tightly bound with most intricate geometric patterned cord that is over lacquered. The blade is flattened with two hand cut grooves and a stamped dot and semi circular decorative pattern design, the blade ends fairly wide. The scabbard is wood and open sided with a most attractive and skillfully executed floral pattern carved in relief at the bottom section. These swords were multi- functional, perfectly adaptable from decapitation to bamboo cutting.
A Scarce Antique Lombok High Born Warriors Kris [or Keris] From the Lombok island of Indonesia. The Dutch first visited Lombok in 1674 and settled the eastern part of the island, leaving the western half to be ruled by a Hindu dynasty from Bali. The Sasaks chafed under Balinese rule, and a revolt in 1891 ended in 1894 with the annexation of the entire island to the Netherlands East Indies. This is a beautiful and scarce Kris with a hair bound grip [typically indicative of Lombok Keris], typical hardwood scabbard and a fantastic Pamor, meteoric iron, and nickle inlaid blade. The design is a rare herringbone pattern executed with, quite simply, breathtaking skill. 24 inches long overall
A Scarce English Transitional Revolver Circa 1840 By Cook of London The stepping stone between the 1830's pepperbox revolver, and the later first double action revolver patented by London's Robert Adams in 1851. Some of the most ground breaking work in the early design and manufacture of revolvers was undertaken in England long before the world famous American revolver makers, such as Colt and Remington, became famous for their fine pistols. This most interesting piece is fully, and most finely engraved, on the frame and grip, with a highly detailed micro chequered walnut butt. Good operating action, several areas of old surface pitting intersperced with areas of no pitting at all. Trapdoor percussion cap container in the butt. Made by one of England's 19th century makers and innovators of fine revolver pistols, of London. A classic example of one of the earliest English cylinder revolvers that was favoured by gentleman wishing to arm themselves with the latest technology and improvement ever designed by English master gunsmiths. They were most popular with officers [that could afford them] in the Crimean War and Indian Mutiny. A picture in the gallery is of Robert Adams himself, loading his patent revolver for HRH Prince Albert, Queen Victoria's Consort. He was also manager for the London Armoury and he made many of the 19,000 pistols that were bought by the Confederate States for the Civil War. The US government also bought Adams revolvers from the London Armoury, at $18 each, which was $4.00 more than it was paying Colt for his, and $6.00 more than Remington.The action on this beautiful gun is good very nice, and tight, but the surface has areas of old corrosion. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Scarce King George IIIrd 'Light Infantry' Musket With Sword Bar. A light infantryman's musket with a sword-bayonet barrel bar, somewhat similar to the Baker rifle pattern. Very good walnut stock, fine brass mounts barrel and furniture. The 95th Regt and the 60th became what was known as light infantry 'rifle regiments' and experimentation with various arms was undertaken in order to come up with the best arm for the unique task required of them. The 'Baker Rifle' was the most famous result of these experiments, [ a gun that copied the Prussian Jager Rifle]. However, this gun is another of those very early Light Infantry variant long guns. British made, based around the Brown Bess but reduced in length as of the Baker rifle with sword bar. The same form of light infantry musket used by the 68th Foot. In 1808, the 68th was chosen to become one of the new light infantry regiments. These regiments were intended to be a fast-moving strike force. The soldiers were given extensive training and equipped with lighter muskets and new clothing. The soldiers now took their orders from the call of the bugle and not from the beat of the drum. From that time the Regiment adopted the bugle as its badge. In 1811 the new 68th Light Infantry was sent to Portugal to join the fight against Napoleon. As part of the Duke of Wellington's army, the 68th Light Infantry took part in the great battles of Salamanca, Vittoria, Pyrenees, Nivelle and Orthes, as well as in numerous skirmishes with the French that proved the value of the new light infantry training. In these battles the Regiment won its first battle honours. They were also used by the British East India Co. army. In 1798, Tippu Sultan ruler of Mysore formed a vague alliance with the French, which gave the British governor-general Lord Wellesley a pretext to invade Mysore in alliance with the nizam of Hyderabad. Tippu was killed May, 1799 defending his capital at Shrirangapattana. This event against the 'Tiger of Mysore' was the subject of one of the later 'Sharpe of the 95th' books by Bernard Cornwall. His kingdom was divided among the victors. The East India Co. [for those who are unfamiliar with it] was one of the largest organisations ever to have existed, and it even had it's own Army and Navy, large and powerful enough to rival those any of any country in the world. It was run by British Officers and Gentleman, in India, to enable peaceful free trade throughout the British Empire. Founded by Royal Charter in 1600 it continued until 1858. It's successes were numerous and included the Victory of Sir Robert Clive [Clive of India] at the Battle of Plassey and the eradication of the infamous and fearful 'Thuggees' of the Cult of Kali. It created the greatest trading cities in the world Hong Kong and Singapore, it's Shipyards were the model for Peter the Great's city of St Petersberg. The barrel has a Jaipur Armoury storage mark so in it's working life it was at one time there. Possibly as part of the 2nd Bombay European Infantry [The second regiment of what was to be the 2nd Battalion the Durham Light Infantry] in India in 1839. It was not originally part of the British Army but part of the East India Company, which effectively ruled India as stated previously. There was no connection with Durham at this time and the Regiment recruited men from all over Britain and Ireland. The Regiment was reorganised as light infantry in 1840 and in 1856 took part in the invasion of Persia (Iran), winning its only battle honours. When the Regiment returned to India the country was in the grip of mutiny. After peace was restored in 1858, the India Act was passed ending the rule of the East India Company and transferring the Company's soldiers to the British Army. This is a very interesting light infantry musket indeed, that undoubtedly has amazing stories to tell if it could speak. It is in very good order and a fabulous piece for any collector of early Light Infantry weapons.
A Scarce Large Antique Lombok High Born Warriors Kris [or Keris] From the Lombok island of Indonesia. The Dutch first visited Lombok in 1674 and settled the eastern part of the island, leaving the western half to be ruled by a Hindu dynasty from Bali. The Sasaks chafed under Balinese rule, and a revolt in 1891 ended in 1894 with the annexation of the entire island to the Netherlands East Indies.This is a beautiful and scarce Kris with a hair bound grip [typically indicative of Lombok Keris], typical hardwood scabbard and a fantastic Pamor, meteoric iron, and nickle inlaid blade. This blade is an amazing form of Mahomets Ladder [Bendo Sedago] pattern more normally seen on rare Islamic Shamshir swords. 25 inches long overall
A Scarce Swiss 1842 Briquet Man's Sword of The Guard Regt's A very rarely seen sword in the UK, The US and Europe, the Swiss briquet sidearm. It is based on the Franco-Prussian version, and similarly mostly made in Solingen Prussia, and imported to Switzerland in the early 19th century. Marked on the hilt J.P.Stacklj. No scabbard
A Scarce Victorian Yeomanry Cavalry Ammunition Belt Pouch A good example of these scarce and very disirable items of militaria from Queen Victoria's Yeomnary Cavalry regiments. Leather pouch with tin box interior and gilt brass regimental device to flap.
A Signally Beautiful English Double Barrel Rifle Carbine, Back Action Lock Made to accompany the howdah pistol as the big game hunting rifle to be equally at home on foot, on horseback or while standing in a howdah on one's elephant. The brass mounts are superbly engraved throughout, including a Bengal tiger and lion below mount Kilimanjaro, and profuse, highly accomplished decorative scrolling. This is a finest gentleman's hand made double rifle, circa 1845, made by Griffiths of England, bearing Queen Victoria's crown mark to both locks, and was the inspiration for the Jacob's military rifle, as used by the East India Co. army cavalry regiment, Jacob's Horse, the Scinde Irregular Horse. By comparing the Jacob's Rifle by photograph, to this fine rifle alongside each other, one can easily see where the inspiration came from. This gun also bears influences from the design of the earlier British military Baker and [contemporary] Brunswick rifles, with a near identical patchbox arrangement. The Jacob's rifle was designed by General Jacobs of the Honourable East India Co. who was so admired and respected by all who knew him, for his intelligence and skill of command, he had a city named after him, in modern day Pakistan, called Jacobabad. He had spent 25 years improving rifled firearms, carrying on experiments unrivalled even by public bodies. A range of 200 yards sufficed in cantonments, but at Jacobabad he had to go into the desert to set up butts at a range of 2000 yards. He went for a four grooved rifle and had numerous experimental guns manufactured in London by the leading gunsmith George Daw and completely at his expense. Jacob, like Joseph Whitworth, was renowned not only as a soldier but as a mathematician, and his rifle was as unconventional as its designer. Rather than using a small .45 caliber bore Jacob stayed with more conventional .57-58 caliber (Bill Adams theorizes that this would allow use of standard service ammo in a pinch). In any case his rifle used four deep grooves and a conical bullet with corresponding lugs. Though unusual the Jacob’s rifle, precision made in London by master gunsmiths like George Daw, quickly gained a reputation for accuracy at extended ranges. They appealed in in particular to wealthy aristocratic scientists like Lord Kelvin, who swore by his. Jacob wanted to build a cannon on the same pattern, but died early at age 45. A few Jacob’s were used during the American Civil War, and those were privately owned, usually by men able to afford the best. There is one account of one of Berdan’s men using one (the chaplain, Lorenzo Barber), who kept one barrel of his double rifle loaded with buckshot and the other with ball. Jacob's Rifles was a regiment founded by Brigadier John Jacob CB in 1858. Better known as the commandant of the Sind Horse and Jacob's Horse, and the founder of Jacobabad, the regiment of rifles he founded soon gained an excellent reputation. It became after partition part of the Pakistani Army, whereas Jacob's Horse was assigned to the Indian Army. A number of his relatives and descendants served in the Regiment, notably Field Marshal Sir Claud Jacob, Lieutenant-Colonel John Jacob and Brigadier Arthur Legrand Jacob, Claud's brother. As commander of the Scinde Irregular Horse, Jacob had become increasingly frustrated with the inferior weapons issued to his Indian cavalrymen. Being a wealthy man, he spent many years and much money on developing the perfect weapon for his 'sowars'. He eventually produced the rifle that bears his name. It could be sighted to 2 000 yards (1 830m), and fire explosive bullets designed to destroy artillery limbers. It also sported a 30 inch (76,2cm) bayonet based on the Scottish claymore. Jacob was an opinionated man who chose to ignore changing trends in firearm development, and he adopted a pattern of rifling that was both obsolete and troublesome. Nevertheless, his influence was such that during the Mutiny he was permitted to arm a new regiment with his design of carbine. It was named Jacob's Rifles. Orders for the manufacture of the carbine and bayonet were placed in Britain, and all was set for its demonstration when Jacob died. In the hope the East India Company would honour the order, production continued for a little over a year. This gun is overall in nice condition with excellent action. A rare and highly desirable gun indeed, a super officer's example. We show in the gallery a photo of a most similar Jacob's military rifle [in it's case with accessories] to compare the two side by side, this is for comparison information only.
A Signally Beautiful Saw-Handle Duelling Pistol, Engraved Henry Nock This flintlock look's as if it has been in an airtight compartment for nigh on 200 years. It is so pristine as to be extraordinary. It has been re-finished and expertly restored to look as once did, if not better, than the day it was made, and the craftmanship of the work and expertise is simply breathtaking. With superb case hardening, plum browning steel mounts and re-varnished walnut. No duelling pistol made in 1800 could have looked any more beautiful or as crisp as this one does now. The Damascus browning does appear to original, and it bears the crispest proof marks and the maker's serial number underneath, with a gold line at the hook breech. The ramrod is a later perfectly matched replacement. As with all our antique guns, no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Signally Fine, 18th Century 'Royal' Grade Sword of Wondrous Quality. With interesting Masonic symbology. A simply superb rapier small sword, with stunningly engraved chiseled steel, overlaid with pure gold, decorated with hand chiseled steel scenes of Italianate Renaissance armour, stand of arms, drums, swags and scrolls, and, most interestingly, the Masonic symbol of the square and compasses. The grip is finest silver, in multiform wire. The blade is in the colishmarde form. The degree of craftsmanship is truly amazing, and the attention to detail and the skill of it's execution simply remarkable. Other most similar swords are in the British Royal Collection and a comparable example was commissioned by King Carl Gustav of Sweden for the Duke of Rutland in circa 1770, it now resides in the Victoria and Albert museum. This small sword would most certainly have been commissioned for a gentleman of Royalty from one of the great houses of Europe in the 18th century. Swords of this type were similarly carried by nobility born British officers in the American Revolutionary War era, or, the volunteer French, German and Dutch Royal officers that fought on Americas side against the British. The colichemarde bladed swords had a special popularity with the officers of the French and Indian War period. Even George Washington had a very fine one just as this example. The colichemarde descended from the so-called "transition rapier", which appeared because of a need for a lighter sword, better suited to parrying. It was not so heavy at its point; it was shorter and allowed a limited range of double time moves.The colichemarde in turn appeared as a thrusting blade too and also with a good parrying level, hence the strange, yet successful shape of the blade. This sword appeared at about the same time as the foil. However the foil was created for practising fencing at court, while the colichemarde was created for dueling. With the appearance of pocket pistols as a self-defense weapon, the colichemardes found an even more extensive use in dueling. This was achieved thanks to a wide forte (often with several fullers), which then stepped down in width after the fullers ended.The result of this strange shape was a higher maneuverability of the sword: with the weight of the blade concentrated in one's hand it became possible to maneuver the blade at a greater speed and with a higher degree of control, allowing the fencer to place a precise thrust at his/her adversary.
A Signally Fine, 18th Century, Pierced Black Steel Small Sword The pierced steel guard is simply spectacular in it's minute detail. The blade is engraved with exceptional and unusula depth and the patterning and design are most attractive. The forte of the blade bears a Latin motto on both sides. A most beautiful sword made from the 7 years War, known as the French Indian Wars in Europe and America, and into the American War of Independence in the 1770's. The form of sword that was carried and used by gentleman and officers for almost 100 years. It is said they were particulaly popular with the infamous maritime Privateers, and Buccaneers, who, in the most part, became notorious around the world as the Pirates of the Spanish Maine, such as Captain's William Kidd, George Booth, Edward Teach [Blackbeard] & Henry Jennings, or Capt. Bartholomew Roberts, as he is to be seen, in a period engraving carrying the very same sword. Small hairline crack in one shellguard
A Simply Fascinating Early 1870's Early Workers 'Benevolent Union' Sword From the Ancient Order of United Workmen [of America and Canada]. Gilt bronze hilt with ebonized wooden grip. Eagle helmet mounted pommel. Fully etched blade with owner's and maker's name. Owned and made for Fred Wedell, and made in Buffalo, New York. The A.O.U.W. was a fraternal workers association that was founded in 1868, just after the American Civil War. The order began when John Jordan Upchurch, a mechanic on the Atlantic and Great Western Railroad living in Meadville, Pennsylvania became dissatisfied with a group he had joined, the League of Friendship, Mechanical Order of the Sun. The latter society had established a lodge, called a subordinate League, in Meadville on April 20, 1868 and it membership was composed almost entirely of mechanics, engineers, firemen and day labourers working on the Atlantic and Great Western Railroad, and in the local shops. Upchurch joined the local lodge on June 16, on its eighth meeting, and soon rose to become its presiding officer. Another person who would go on to have an important role in the AOUW, William W. Walker, was a charter member. The League of Friendship, the Mechanical Order of the Suns avowed purpose was to advance and foster the interests of its members and provide financial assistance on an ad hoc basis. The local lodge was reported to have had a peak membership of about one hundred.
A Simply Stunning Deluxe Officer Type Large Bore 1858 Lefrauchaux Revolver It is so good and minty that it is probably a revolver that one could never improve upon as a collector's item. The Lefaucheux Double Action M1858 was a military revolver, chambered for the 12mm pinfire cartridge, based on a design by Casimir Lefaucheux. It was the first metallic-cartridge revolver adopted by a national government. The revolver was a six-shot open-framed design, which was loaded via a hinged gate on the right side of the frame, through which empty cartridges were also ejected via an ejector rod running along the barrel. It was first fielded in 1858 by the French Navy, and though never issued by the French Army, it was used in limited numbers by the French Cavalry during their 1862 deployment to Mexico. Models were also purchased by Spain, Sweden, Italy, Russia, and Norway. Along with those countries, both the U.S. Confederate and Federal forces also used them in the American Civil War. During the American Civil War both sides fielded a wide variety of revolvers, including the M1858. The Federal forces purchased over 12,000 M1858 revolvers, primarily supplying them to cavalry forces in 1862. Among American troops, the pistol was often referred to as the "French Tranter". In superb bright steel finish finely engraved frame, cylinder and barrel with gold geometric string inlays throughout. The cylinder has a rear protective plate to cover the cartridge pins for safety. Opening side gate for loading. Very fine chequered and shell motif grips, lanyard ring mount. Excellent tight action as new. 12mm, Approx .44 calibre. Overall this revolver is the same size of a Colt Army revolver.
A Simply Stunning London Silver Hilted Sword of 1766, With Silver Scabbard Superbly crafted solid London silver hilt, hallmarked to 1766, with open pierced work shell guards, multiwire silver grip, pierced silver oviod pommel, single knuckle bow, single quillon and pas dans. The whole design of the relief décor is based around military stands of arms, classical helmets, cannon flags banners, spears, axes polearms and quivers of arrows. The blade is engraved with scrolls and decorative motifs. It still has most of it's original silver mounted scabbard, only the chape is missing. The guard has had in it's working life some soft metal repairs and one quillon is lacking. The blade, although in the main complete, does have old, extinct, rusted areas on the edges. The advantages of it's condition are that it is seriously underpriced, and if perfect would easily be valued by us at around three times it's current price. Thus, a normally expensive very fine quality, solid silver mounted sword is far more easily affordable than would be usual. General George Washington, who later became the first President of the United States of America, had an almost identical type of sword. One can see him wearing his sword, in the earliest known portrait of Washington, aged 40, in his position of colonel of the then British colonial Virginia Regiment. Painted by Charles Wilson Peale in 1772. Although George Washington is the first uniformly accepted President of the United States of America, there were 16 men who held the post of President before him. However, the so called 'Forgotten Presidents' were either Presidents of Congress or Presidents of the United States Under the Articles of Confederation. This sword is without doubt a sword of quality and status, from the time before and of the Revolutionary War, and absolutely the very kind carried by men of Washington's position
A Simply Super Medieval Knights 'Spiked' Battle Mace A most impressive but fearsome early weapon from the 1200's to 1300's, around 700 to 800 years old, and probably of German origin. An incredibly elaborate iron spiked head that would be extremely effective at the function it was designed for. In fact, in a small area, some of the spike tips have been broken off where it has made crushing contact, probably against a helmet. This is also the form of Mace that was mounted on a short chain with a haft and then used as a Flail Mace for extra reach on horseback. Unlike a sword or haft mounted Mace, it doesn't transfer vibrations from the impact to the wielder. This is a great advantage to a horseman, who can use his horse's speed to add momentum to and underarmed swing of the ball, but runs less of a risk of being unbalanced from his saddle. It is difficult to block with a shield or parry with a weapon because it can curve over and round impediments and still strike the target. It also provides defense whilst in motion. However the rigid haft does have the advantage as the flail needs space to swing and can easily endanger the wielder's comrades. Controlling the flail is much more difficult than rigid weapons. Mounted on a replaced old haft. One photo in the gallery is from a 13th century Manuscript that shows Knights in combat, and one at the rear is using a stylized and similar Mace [photo for information only and not included with Mace]. The head is around the size of a tennis ball.
A Simply Wonderful 1796 Light Dragoon Sabre in Stunning Condition Much of the blade bears nearly all it's original bright steel finish. The exterior has a superb natural patination and only one small combat dent to the scabbard. This is truly a very fine example of the British 1796 pattern dragoon sabre, used in the Napoleonic Wars, the Peninsular Campaign and the Battle of Waterloo. A mighty swash buckling sabre of the British Cavalry Light Dragoons. An amazingly effective sword of good stout quality. British Light dragoons were first raised in the 18th century. Initially they formed part of a cavalry regiment (scouting, reconnaissance etc), but due to their successes in this role, (and also in charging and harassing the enemy), they soon acquired a reputation for courage and skill. In 1796 a new form of sabre was designed by a brave and serving officer, Le Marchant. Le Marchant commanded the cavalry squadron during the Flanders campaign against the French (1793-94). Taking notice of comments made to him by an Austrian Officer describing British Troopers swordplay as "reminiscent of a farmer chopping wood", he designed a new light cavalry sword to improve the British cavalryman's success. It was adopted by the Army in 1797 and was used for 20 years. Le Marchant was highly praised by many for his superb design and he further developed special training and exercise regimes. King George IIIrd was especially impressed and learnt them all by heart and encouraged their use throughout the cavalry corps. For a reward Le Marchant was promoted to Lt Colonel and given command of the 7th Light Dragoons. He soon realized that the course for educating the officers in his own regiment would spread no further in the Army without suitably trained instructors. His vision was to educate officers at a central military college and train them in the art of warfare. Despite many objections and prejudices by existing powerful members of the establishment, he gained the support of the Duke of York in establishing the Royal Military College, later to become the Royal Military Academy, Sandhurst and the Army Staff College. In 1804 Le Marchant received the personal thanks of King George who said "The country is greatly indebted to you." In 1811, when nearing completion of this task, he was removed from his post as Lieutenant Governor of the College by Lord Wellington to command the heavy cavalry in the Peninsula. Appointed as Major General, he arrived in Lisbon fifteen days after leaving Portsmouth. On 22nd July 1812, Lord Wellington and the Allied Army of 48,500 men and 60 cannon were situated at Salamanca, Spain, against the French Commander Marshal Marmont. Wellington had ordered his baggage trains westwards to provide a covering force in the event of a full scale retreat, however Marmont mistakenly took the movement to be the retreat of the Army itself and ordered eight divisions of Infantry and a cavalry division westwards in an attempt to outflank the retreat. Wellington on seeing the enemy's army now spread out over four miles and therefore losing it's positional advantage, ordered the full attack. Le Marchant, at the head of one thousand British cavalry rode at a gallop towards the surprised French infantrymen, who had no time to form squares, and reduced their numbers greatly. The Heavy Brigade had received thorough training under Le Marchant and on reforming their lines charged repeatedly, until five battalions of the French left wing had been destroyed. After twenty minutes, in the final charge, Le Marchant fell from his horse having received a fatal musket shot and General Packenham who watched the attack later remarked " the fellow died sabre in hand...giving the most princely example". Two days later, he was buried, in his military cloak, near an olive grove where he had fallen. Aged forty-six John Le Marchant was buried on the field of battle, however, a monument to him was erected in St Paul's Cathedral, London. The survival today of this sword is a testament to the now little known British hero, who, in many ways transformed the way that cavalry sword combat, and many military tactics were conducted for many decades after his valorous death. His fearsome sabre was, it is said, so feared by the French that protests were submitted to the British government stating that it was simply too gruesome for use in civilized warfare. A photo in the gallery of a Napoleonic French Hussar, who would typically have faced this very sword in dread combat
A Singularly Beautiful Cased Pair Boxlock 'Derringer' Pistols & Tools With finest Damascus barrels and silver but traps. Set in a wonderful mahogany case, with original powder flask and mold. Unusual box lock action, with hammers set to one side. Early 19th century. As crisp and as fresh a pair of finely cased quality pistols as one could ever wish to see. Beautifully made and crafted by a master gunsmith, with superb engraving. One feature of their fine engraving, that incidentally has been executed with the lightest elegant touch, is their very unusual subject. Each side of each pistol's side plate is engraved with a different form of architecturally decorative flowering plant, or fruit, that was highly popular in the late Georgian era, such as the acanthus, pineapple, and pomegranate. Designs that were popularized by Robert Adam and the like. The barrels are the finest Damascus twist steel, and within the grip butts are hinged silver lidded percussion cap traps. They have turn-off breech loading barrels that bear good proof stamps, and flush folding concealed triggers. The condition of both is truly epic, and apart from a hairline [easily restorable] in the butt of one gun, they are as near mint as possible for a pair of pistols approaching one hundred and eighty years old. The fine mahogany case and tools compliments them beautifully. Box 25,5 cm x 16.5cm x 5,5cm high, pistols 16cm long overall, barrel 6cm As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Singularly Beautiful Large Ship's Captain's Blunderbuss Pistol By Grice 18th century, from the Revolutionary War in the Americas through the Anglo French War and the Napoleonic Wars. A long barrel flintlock pistol, with a most elegant cannon barrel, and microchequered slab sided butt. Good action. Very nicely patinated walnut stock, steel mounts with acorn finial. In it's working life it once had a bayonet mount and this has been removed. Grice tried to contest John Waters bayonet patent stating he had used it before 1781, but was unsuccessful. documented makers of [Captain's] 'Blunderbuss Pistoles with Cannone barrels, and some wythe Bayonettes'. This wonderful and delightfully large bore cannon barrel pistol was chosen by ship's Captains as they found such impressive guns desireable as they had two prime functions to clear the decks with one shot, and the knowledge to an assailant that the pistol hads the capability to achieve such a result. In the 18th and 19th century mutiny was a common fear for all commanders, and not a rare as one might imagine. The Capt. Could keep about his person or locked in his gun cabinet in his quarters a gun just as this. The barrel could be loaded with single ball or swan shot, ball twice as large as normal shot, that when discharged at close quarter could be devastating, and terrifyingly effective. Potentially taken out four or five assailants at once. The muzzle was swamped like a cannon for two reasons, the first for ease of rapid loading, the second for imtimidation. There is a very persuasive psychological point to the size of this gun's muzzle, as any person or persons facing it could not fail to fear the consequences of it's discharge, and the act of surrender or retreat in the face of an well armed blunderbuss could be a happy and desirable result for all parties concerned.
A Singularly Beautiful Toe Lock Flintlock,18th to Early 19th century long gun. A simply superb antique Eastern gun from the 18th to Early 19th century,. A miquelet gun with a very high quality toe-lock decorated with chiseled and silver inlaid foliate arabesques. The gun is richly inlaid with silver and ivory, with matching foliate arabesques throughout, silver barrel bands, and the original silver mounted ramrod. figured hardwood three-quarter stock profusely inlaid over its full length with numerous silver plaques pierced with openwork designs of scrolling foliage. A similar gun was the Imperial gift of Russian Tsar for Augustus II King of Poland and Elector of Saxony on his coronation in Krakow. That gun is published in the book “Prunkwaffen: Waffen und Rustungen aus dem Historischen Museum Dresden” by Johannes Schobel (Leipzig, 1973) p.249, pl. 178. Guns of this style were popular throughout the whole of Central, Eastern Europe, Russia, the Caucasus, North Africa and The Ottoman Empire. However this is a much higher quality example than is more often seen, and certainly sets it well apart from the usual musket of it's type. The barrel has a monogrammed armourer's mark and date [A.G. 1814.] This may very likely indicate the barrel was imported from Europe. Signed lock, under the lock plate on the spring. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Singularly Stunning Pair, of Silver Royal Armoury Double Barrel Pistols A pair of magnificent pistols, of sublime quality and supremely rare. Double barrelled pistol are decidedly uncommon, but silver mounted and an original pair, complete and still together is a remarkable rarity. Made circa 1770, at King Louis XV 's Armoury Royale at St Etienne in France, they are examples of superb French craftsmanship at it's zenith. All of the mounts are hallmarked solid silver including the ramrods which have whalebone hafts. They are decorated in the so-called Parisian taste. The locks are engraved for the Royale Manufactory, St Etienne. Used in the American War of Independence, and the French Revolutionary period, right through the Napoleonic Wars and then converted to the much advantageous, advanced and superior percussion system in around 1830. In the 18th century solid silver mounted pistols and swords were the sole prerogative of only the most wealthy and powerful. The weapons of generals and princes, and double barrels pistols were particularly costly, but created a profound and distinct advantage for the wearer over any opponent carrying a pair of single shot pistols. Pistols with side-by-side barrels became popular in England and France in the second half of the eighteenth century. There is a most similar French pair on display at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, in New York, in gallery 375. Saint-Étienne was already a well-known place for production of swords and knives since the Middle Ages. In 1665, a Royal Arms Depot was created in Paris to store military weapons made in Saint-Étienne. The Royal Arms Manufacture was created in 1764 under the supervision of the General Inspector of the Royal Arms Manufacture of Charleville. In order to maintain the French army many standard arms were made as well as Royal grade weapons and in the Royal period 12,000 military weapons were being produced each year when French Revolution occurred. The city was renamed Armsville during the revolutionary period and production increased to meet demand of the revolutionary army fighting at the borders against the Royalists supported by European royal families. The French Empire saw the production increase threefold to meet the needs of the Napoleonic Army in its conquest of Europe. In 1764 a select of St Etienne gun makers united to form a company upon which Louis XV conferred the title of Manufactory Royale and granted social privileges to assist their craft. Barrels 8.5 inches long, overall length 14.5 inches long. Small contemporary stock crack on one pistol by the barrel. Easily repairable invisibly if required.
A Singularly Stunning, Zulfikar Style "Lord of Cleaving" Shamshir Sword A rare, original, 18th to 19th century Zulfikar [Zulfiqar] style shamshir, with a most scarce bifurcated blade. A silver and ivory hilted sword, with an Islamic silver Tughra reign mark on the crossguard. Copper gilt mounted ivory grip scales that have a carved geometric chequered pattern. The blade has a distinctive scalloped cutting edge and it's tip becomes two points. A very similar sword is shown in W. Egerton's book, Handbook of Indian Arms… Plate XV, item 658. According to the tradition of the Islam, the prophet Muhammad had two swords. The first was a straight bladed sword, common to the period, which is now shown in the Topkapi Palace Museum, Istanbul. The second sword is believed to have had a split blade. This sword was given to Ali, the prophet's son in law, who fought with it in many great battles and saw great victories. That sword was nicknamed Zulfikar (Lord of cleaving). This sword was lost, and no one exactly knows it's form other than by legend. Many attempts to describe the Zulfikar have been made during the development of Islamic swords. Certainly that there is a possibility that this sword is one of those attempts to create a version of the legendary sword of Ali. By most accounts, Muhammad presented the Zulfiqar to a young ‘Ali at the Battle of Uhud. During the battle, ‘Ali struck one of the fiercest adversaries, breaking both his helmet and his shield. Seeing this, Muhammad was reported to have said " There is no hero but ‘Ali and no sword except Dhu l-Fiqar" Blade cutting edge 38 inches long. In the gallery are examples of the notables that wore these very swords such as a portrait of the Marquis of Londonderry with the same form of sword, also, of Demetrios Mavromichalis by Jean Dupre.
A Singularly Superb & Superior Grade English Pepperbox Pistol Circa 1830 Good, very tight and crisp action, and in great condition for it's age with some original blue remaining to the hammer. Six revolving barrels with a nipple shield. Bar hammer and fine scroll engraving on the whole frame, superb walnut with original varnish. The revolving barrels have pronounced chisseled steel ribbing, that are spectacularly crisp. Good pepperbox revolvers are fairly rarely seen in the UK these days, and pepperbox revolvers are always highly collectable, as they represent most interesting examples of the first rung on the evolutionary ladder of the modern age revolver. The pepperbox was probably the most sought after multi-shot handgun during the 1830-1850 decades, being as the more modern Adams and Deane revolvers only gained availability and popularity after their invention and development the early 1850's, thus the pepperbox was carried in substantial quantities during the early Seikh Wars in 1845-6, the first Opium War in China 1839-42, and Crimean War in Russia. Most likely many pepperboxes were being carried as personal defense weapons during the war by officers who were not affluent enough to afford a then more conventional revolver. The Pepper-box, known as the "Gun that won the East", was the most desirable repeating handgun prior to the invention of the revolving cylinder. Its name may have been coined by Samuel Clemens. As with all our antique guns, no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Small Antique Sudanese or Tuareg Sleeve Dagger or Tebu Part of a small collection of fine antique North African antique daggers. A most interesting Tuareg small arm or sleeve dagger. Traditionally worn on the left forearm with the hilt pointing down the arm, extremely effective blade, leather scabbard, skull-crusher steel pommel. The Tuareg, a nomadic people predominantly of Berber origin. The Tuareg long dominated the central and west-central areas of the Sahara desert, including portions of what is now Niger, Mali, Burkina Faso, Algeria, Libya, Mauritania, and Morocco, and had a reputation as effective warriors and as highwaymen. A late 19th century dagger 21 inches long 14 inch blade. Completely in untouched, long stored condition, with light red rust to blade, and should respond beautifully to gentle polishing. Lacking loop. 315mm long overall
A Smith & Wesson 3rd Model 'Double Action' Top-Loader Wild West Revolver .44 Russian cal 6 shot cylinder. Nickel plated and in very good tight action order. The early double action revolver six-shooter. The ultimate, big, Cowboy Gun, a superb, original pistol that was considered to be the best large calibre gun of the Wild West. The world famous and infamous used the large calibre Smith and Wesson revolvers, including the legendary Wyatt Earp ( he used his Smith & Wesson American at the Gunfight at the OK corral, and given to him by the editor of the Tombstone Epitaph Newspaper) Virgil Earp, Dallas Stoudenmire (Marshal of El Paso,Tx.), Texas Jack Omohundro, Cole Younger [of the infamous Younger Gang], plus so many others. Cole Younger surrendered his gun at the abortive robbery of the First Bank of Northfield, Minnesota in September 1876 by the Younger - James Gang. Jesse James was assassinated with a S&W owned by Bob Ford, and notorious outlaw John Wesley Hardin killed a Texas Lawman with his Smith & Wesson. The story of the Younger - James Gang goes as follows; After the Civil War Jessie and his brother Frank James became outlaws and established a gang that included Jessie James, Bob Younger, Cole Younger, James Younger, Bill Chadwell, Clell Miller and Charlie Pitts. On 13th February, 1866, the gang robbed a bank at Liberty, Missouri. Over the next few years the brothers took part in twelve bank robberies, seven train robberies, four stage-coach robberies and various other criminal acts. During these crimes at least eleven citizens were killed by the gang. As well as their home state of Missouri they were also active in West Virginia, Alabama, Arkansas, Iowa, Kansas and Minnesota. On 7th September, 1876, the gang attempted to rob the First National Bank in Northfield, Minnesota. During the raid Jessie James killed the cashier, Lee Heywood. Members of the town decided to fight back and they opened fire on the gang. Bill Chadwell, Clell Miller and Charlie Pitts were killed whereas Bob Younger, Cole Younger and James Younger, were all wounded and captured. Cole Younger's pistol was captured then. Jessie James and Frank James were also wounded but managed to get away from Northfield. After this disaster Jessie decided to go into hiding. Jessie took the name J. D. Howard and rented a home in Nashville, Tennessee. He also began to recruit a new gang that included Robert Ford, Charlie Ford and Dick Liddel. On 8th October, 1879, Jessie James and his gang held up the Chicago & Alton Railroad at Glendale, Missouri and stole $6,000. This was followed by other raids, in one, at Blue Cut, Missouri, in September, 1881, the gang killed the conductor and a pensioner. The Governor of Missouri, Thomas Crittenden, now responded by offering a reward of $10,000 for the capture of Jessie James. Robert Ford, a member of the Jessie James gang, contacted Governor Crittenden and offered his services in order to gain this reward. On 3rd April, 1882, Ford visited Jessie James in his home and when he stood on a chair to straighten a picture on the wall, he shot him in the back of the head with his Smith and Wesson revolver. Ford was found guilty of murder and sentenced to death. Two hours later he was pardoned by Crittenden and given his reward. Jesse James had a Smith and Wesson and there is a photo of Jesse's gun [with his hand-shortened barrel] that was displayed to the public by Merle Gill, in the 1920's. He was a ballistics expert with the Kansas City police department. There is also a photo of Cole Younger's gun from the front cover of John Walters book 'The Guns that Won the West', This gun has an excellent crisp action and it is in very good condition overall with working-repair grips. This is one of the very few Wild West big cartridge revolvers that collectors in the UK can own without license and without deactivation, but as a collector's piece only, as it's cartridge was declared obsolete under section 58,2 of the UK firearms legislation.
A Spanish Armada Period, One Piece 'Pear Stalk' Cabasset Helmet From the time of the unsuccessful Spanish 'Armada' attempted invasion, during the Reign of Queen Elizabeth Ist. A fine Spanish-Italian style one piece high peak cabasset helmet made in the mid to late 16th century. Wonderfully hand forged with hammer marks and with patches of delamination and rosettes. This super helmet is nicely constructed with good edgework and lovely quality throughout, and it is a fine period piece in excellent condition for age. There is a picture in the gallery of the same form of helmet [heavily rusted] recovered from Jamestown, the early American colony fort. One other picture is a period engraving of an Elizabethan soldier with his pear stalk cabasset, another picture of The Battle of Gravelines, August 8, 1588, which is of the defeat of the Spanish Armada by Sir Francis Drake, Queen Elizabeth's Admiral. Pictures shown for information only.
A Spectacular 18th Century Russian Market Silver Pistol With Niello Mounts 18th century made for the Caucasian market with niello enamel silver mounts, that were predominantly made by Russian silversmiths, for all manner of decorative arts and objets d'art, from jewellery to sword and pistol fittings. Niello work was also made in the Caucasian region, into the Ottoman Empire, but often for high quality items destined for the Russian market. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Spectacular and Gigantically Proportioned East India Company Blunderbuss Dated 1797. Made by William Henshaw of The Strand, London, maker of heavy blunderbusses and contractor to the East India Co. from 1778. With an extraordinarily large bell mouth barrel very elaborately decorated, a carved walnut stock inlaid with small flower heads and exaggerated brass curlicues. Flintlock, maker named with East India co. mark and date. Used in India during the time of two of England's greatest Generals were there, Clive of India, and General Wellesley [later to become the Duke of Wellington] and the fall of rebellious Mogul Ruler, known as The Tiger of Mysore, Tipu Sultan. The East India Company (EIC), originally chartered as the Governor and Company of Merchants of London trading into the East Indies, and more properly called the Honourable East India Company, was an English and later (from 1707) British joint-stock company formed for pursuing trade with the East Indies but which ended up trading mainly with the Indian subcontinent, North-west frontier province and Balochistan. The Company continued to experience resistance from local rulers during its expansion. Robert Clive led company forces against Siraj Ud Daulah, the last independent Nawab of Bengal, Bihar, and Midnapore district in Odisha to victory at the Battle of Plassey in 1757, resulting in the conquest of Bengal. This victory estranged the British and the Mughals, since Siraj Ud Daulah was a Mughal feudatory ally. With the gradual weakening of the Marathas in the aftermath of the three Anglo-Maratha wars, the British also secured Ganges-Jumna Doab, the Delhi-Agra region, parts of Bundelkhand, Broach, some districts of Gujarat, fort of Ahmmadnagar, province of Cuttack (which included Mughalbandi/the coastal part of Odisha, Garjat/the princely states of Odisha, Balasore Port, parts of Midnapore district of West Bengal), Bombay (Mumbai) and the surrounding areas, leading to a formal end of the Maratha empire and firm establishment of the British East India Company in India. Hyder Ali and Tipu Sultan, the rulers of the Kingdom of Mysore, offered much resistance to the British forces. Having sided with the French during the war, the rulers of Mysore continued their struggle against the Company with the four Anglo-Mysore Wars. Mysore finally fell to the Company forces in 1799, with the death of Tipu Sultan. The East India Company traded mainly in cotton, silk, indigo dye, salt, saltpetre, tea and opium. The Company was granted a Royal Charter by Queen Elizabeth in 1600, making it the oldest among several similarly formed European East India Companies. Shares of the company were owned by wealthy merchants and aristocrats. The government owned no shares and had only indirect control. The Company eventually came to rule large areas of India with its own private armies, exercising military power and assuming administrative functions. Company rule in India effectively began in 1757 after the Battle of Plassey and lasted until 1858 when, following the Indian Rebellion of 1857, the Government of India Act 1858 led to the British Crown assuming direct control of India in the era of the new British Raj. This formidable blunderbuss weighs 13 pounds [6 kilos], the muzzle is over 4 inches across, and overall it is 37 inches long
A Spectacular Peninsular War Rifles Officer's Battle & Dress Sword A stunning sword, a variant of the 1803 GR cypher hilted sword with lion pommel, but the most scarce pierced Light Infantry Bugle half basket. Fully engraved blade with royal cypher and coat of arms with motto. Blade with old edge cuts and edge losses. This sword has spent two full days being professionally cleaned and conserved as it had been left undisturbed for likely 150 years. During the Peninsular War officer's assigned to the Light companies often felt they required a better sword than the thin, straight bladed, standard 1796 infantry officer's sword prevalent at the time. The GR cypher 1803 slotted hilt sabre became, for many officer's, the sword of choice, but to those that had the funds, and the inclination, there was another option. Have a sword custom made, based on the blade of the hugely effective and popular 1796 light dragoon officer's sabre, but with a more suitable and stylish hilt. This is one of those very swords. It has a glorious copper gilt hilt with reeded ivory grip with great individual style and finesse of the highest quality. This is simply a stunning piece of architecture in the body of a sword. The Light Infantry were units were employed as an addition to the common practice of fielding skirmishers in advance of the main column, who were used to weaken and disrupt the waiting enemy lines (the British also had a light company in each battalion that was trained and employed as skirmishers but these were only issued with muskets). With the advantage of the greater range and accuracy provided by the Baker rifle, British skirmishers were able to defeat their French counterparts routinely and in turn disrupt the main French force by sniping non-commissioned and commissioned officers. The most famous regiments of Light Infantry of this era was the 60th Regiment (Royal American Rifles) that were deployed around the world, and the three battalions of the 95th Regiment that served under the Duke of Wellington between 1808 and 1814 in the Peninsular War and again in 1815 at the Battle of Waterloo. No scabbard.
A Standard 1840's Boxlock Percussion Pocket Pistol Good working action, Birmingham proofs to barrel. Walnut grips with diamond edge carving and hand cut monogram across the back of the grip. A sound and effective personal protection pistol that was highly popular during the late Georgian to early Victorian era. London, like many cities around the world at that time, could be a most treacherous place at night, and every gentleman, or indeed lady, would carry a pocket pistol for close quarter personal protection or deterrence. The early London Police force recruits 'Bobbies' or 'Peelers' [name after Sir Robert Peel their founder] were initially poorly selected. Of the first 2,800 new policemen, only 600 kept their jobs, and the first policeman, given the number 1, was sacked after only four hours service! Eventually, however, the impact upon crime, particularly organised crime led to an acceptance, and approval, of the Bobbies. Meanwhile, as they were so initially unpopular, and as the public of London had little or no confidence in them, armed personal protection was considered essential. However, as a sobering thought, in the regards to the justification of being permitted to carry arms for protection, in 1810 the total number of recorded murders throughout the entire UK, and at that time it included all Ireland, was 15 people, for the entire year!. Although the population was much much smaller then, it is still barely a figure of 2% of today's currrent rate of around 650 murders per year [excluding Ireland].
A Standard French 'Gladius' Short Sword. Based on Ancient Roman Gladiator's Swords. Made and used from 1831, later in the 1850's, in the Crimean War, during the reign of Emperor Napoleon IIIrd, against Russia alongside their allies the British. Swords of this type were also sold by France, to the US Union, for use in the Civil War as a sword for artillerymen to protect the guns.
A Stunning 1796 British Infantry Officer's Sword. With single edged blade with very fine engraving of the Kings cypher and Royal Crest. 95% of the original mercurial fire gilt to the hilt and a silver wire bound grip. No scabbard, quillon lacking. The 1796 Pattern British Infantry Officers Sword was carried by officers of the line infantry in the British Army between 1796 and the time of its official replacement with the gothic hilted sword in 1822. This period encompassed the whole of the Napoleonic Wars, and the American War of 1812.
A Stunning 1840 Early 6 Shot Revolver, Resembling the Colt Navy A most remarkable example of a most scarce revolver. Serial number '2', this is only the second example made from a very small production run revolver, that is so similar to the later Colt Navy it's extraordinary. The back half of the revolver is evolved from the 1830's pepperbox revolver, and the combination has produced a remarkably advanced pistol that Colt may have seen and developed into his Colt Navy and Army pistol designs. This gun is almost certainly by Hoist of Belgium and this is only the second we have owned in around 35 years. During the Civil War both protagonists required huge quantities of arms, and frankly, neither side could fulfill the required manufactured quantity, especially the South. Contractors were sent by both sides to scour Europe for arms, and Britain and Belgium became the dominant suppliers. This pistol is from the latter country. A jolly interesting and intrigueng arm used in the most fascinating period of American 19th century history. Excellent fully operational action. There are few surviving in the US in private collections. 11.5 inches long. As with all our antique guns, no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Stunning 18th Century Indian Ivory Inlaid Damascus Barrel Matchlock With most elegant lines, a light musket with a finest Damascus steel twist barrel, chisseled steel lock and mounts, with carved ivory panels of décor. Circa 1770. This is a simply delightful long gun with fine lines and finest workmanship. 64 inches overall
A Stunning 19th Century Swept Hilt Long Saxon Rapier, With Gilt Bronze Hilt A beautiful sword in the manner of a Royal Rapier, after master sword maker Juan Martinez of Toledo, maker to the King of Spain. A similar style sword was made for the Elector of Saxony in 1606 and sold by the Saxon Royal Collection in 1970, and is now in the Metropolitan Museum of Art. The hilt is of chisseled gilded bronze with a long elegant and beautifully crafted blade [95cm long] gilded bronze mounted scabbard over leather. The leather is now quite worn and areas of old repair. The design and form is typically in the stunning 17th century baroque style, in both extravagance and beauty. We believe it was made to be used by such as the world's greatest actors of the 18th or 19th Century, such as David Garrick. His portrayal of the great Shakespearian Kings, such as King Richard IIIrd, were dressed with magnificent extravagance with costumes, sets and weaponry that were recreated with skill, beauty and style with no expense spared. It may also have been made as a presentation piece or gift for a famous [albeit unknown today] individual. Around 90% of all the original gilt remains. Overall length 116cm long.
A Stunning Antique Indonesian Silver Mounted Kris Keris Melayu Semenanjong with a serpentine blade with 7 Luk [seven curves or waves]. A very good and rare example of a keris from the southern Malaysian peninsular region of Johor or Selangor. Handle in the jawa demam form. This form of hilt is common in central or southern Sumatra, as well as the Malay peninsular regions. The Minang variant is usually more upright with a more flaring top. The top sheath in the typical Malay tebeng form, are made from very well selected kemuning woods with flashing grains. Bottom stem is likely made from well selected angsana woods with tiger’s stripe grains. It has a beautifully tooled silver sheath and a plain silver pendoko or ferrule completes the wonderful fittings. Pamor patterns are arranged in the mlumah technique of the wos utah or scattered rice variations which is said to enhance the owner’s material well being. Condition: Very good condition. Krises are traditionally made without any date stampings or engravings of the makers' name. Although a kris smith or "empu" has his own styles configured together with the dapor and especially the ganjar (cross piece). Obvious age wear and tear, usage, familiarity with forms, motifs and designs, origin and history, mediums and materials used are our guidelines in determining an approximate age. This particular pieces blade, from our experience and knowledge, should go back to 18th century or even earlier.
A Stunning British Mid 19th British Hussars & Lancer's Marmaluke One of the most distinctive and beautiful swords ever worn by British cavalry officer's in the 19th century. Made by in 1850 by Lambert Brown and Co of London and Dublin, this is a stunning mamaluke sword, in excellent condition for It's age, and used by an Hussars or Lancer Officer in the Crimean War era. A most similar pattern to the British General's pattern mamaluke that has a gilt brass hilt. A simply stunning and beautifully etched blade with rolls of scrolling acanthus leaves and fine Stands-of-Arms, depicting Lances Cannon Drums Swords and Trumpets. Ivory hilt with fine facetted iron rivets. Steel cross quillons and steel combat scabbard. The British dress regulations of 1822 were specifically directed toward lancer officers, who had apparently already been wearing versions of these mameluke sabres since 1816. Robson ("Swords of the British Army" p.69) notes that officers of light dragoons (forerunners of lancer regiments) had been wearing these since as early as 1805. Also noted are comments by British general Mercer, "...generals and our field officers seemed to wear what they pleased and after the Egyptian campaign (1801) the mameluke sabre was quite the rage".
A Stunning Cased Crowned Tipstaff. For The Early Detectives and Inspectors. Brass tipstaff with a ebony handle and surmounted with a gilt crow. The body bears a mounted royal crest of lion and unicorn en passant and motto 'Dieu et Mon Drioit' and the engraved title 'Public Office, Holborn, No 4'. In 1792 The Middlesex Justices Act formed seven new Public Offices [also called Police Offices] modeled on the original Bow St office. Each office operated as a court, directed by three stipendiary magistrates who employed officials and police officers including a small number of paid constables for apprehending and prosecuting felons. The principle officers were the only formal detectives in England. The history of the office of the Tipstaff is thought by some to have been created in the 14th century. One of the earliest records of the Tipstaff was mentioned in 1570: “The Knight Marshall with all hys tippe staues”. It is a position of both law enforcement and ceremonial duties. An earlier mention of tipstaff is in 1555 when the Rev'd Dr Rowland Taylor was burned at the stake during the reign of Queen Mary I for his religious views that were contrary to those of the Archbishop of Canterbury Cranmer and Lord Chancellor Gardiner. In Foxe's Book of Martyrs it states that Dr Taylor would have spoken to the people but as soon as he opened his mouth the yeoman of the guard thrust a tipstaff into his mouth, and would in no wise permit him to speak. This is also quoted in the book Five English Reformers by J. C. Ryle The name originates from the early law enforcement officers who would apprehend a person intended for arrest by enforcing their duty, if necessary, with a tipped staff or stave. The staff was made of wood or metal or both, topped with a crown. The crown, which in some examples unscrewed, was removed to reveal a warrant of arrest inside the hollow staff. Some staffs were definitely a means of protection and this is where the present day policeman’s baton originates. Examples remain at the Royal Courts of Justice and the Metropolitan Police museum in London and vary depending on the type and rank of officer. These tipstaves were first carried in the late 18th and early 19th centuries. When detectives (in plain clothes) were first authorized the tipstaves issued to plain clothes officers from 1867 and some were re-issued in 1870 engraved "Metropolitan Police officer in plain clothes", or their district [such as Holborn] The staff kept at the Royal Courts of Justice is now only used on ceremonial occasions. It is 12 inches in length and made of ebony decorated with a silver crown and three bands of silver engraved with the Royal Arms at the top. Around the middle is inscribed “AMOS HAWKINS, TIPSTAFF COURTS OF CHANCERY” and around the bottom is inscribed “Appointed 14th January, 1884, by the Rt. Hon. The Earl of Selborne, L.C.” with another coats of Royal Arms. The date was that on which this staff was first used, soon after the Law Courts were opened. Prior to 1884, each Tipstaff had his own staff, which he retained when he retired. 6.5 inches long. Box 7.75 inches
A Stunning Colonial Walking Stick of Carved and Turned Horn A heavy quality stick of most attractive form and fine quality.
A Stunning Early Yataghan Sword with Gold Onlaid and Ivory Hilt, Islamic Antique 18th -19th century Turkish Ottoman Sword Yatagan with a characteristic ear shaped hilt. The hilt is made of two large pieces of finely carved ivory mounted in gold overlaid metal, decorated with a typical Balkan raised flower head design which extends down the blade, with pyramidical knobs on the pommel area. The ivory is most likely walrus, but, it may also be mammoth, as several we have seen in the past 40 years have mammoth ivory hilt's, carved from tusks imported at the time from Eastern Russian traders. A very fine recurved single edged blade with a narrow fuller ornamented with Islamic silver maker's calligraphic panels, and likely an AH date. REFERENCES: 1) Janissary – "History Symbols Weapons" by G.E.Vvedensky. 2) "Zbirka Jatagana" by Dora Boskovic. 3) "Les Armes Blanches du Monde Islamic" by Alain Jacob. 4) "The Janissaries" by David Nicolle. The Yatagan was the favourite sword of the Janissaries and was also very popular in many Balkan states and some Eastern European countries such as Ukraine and Hungary. The ivory has some cracking
A Stunning Silver Mounted Caucasian Flintlock Decorated With Coral Fine flintlock with superb engraving. The barrel has a fine Islamic maker's seal stamp. The spring is very good and the action now excellent after servicing. This is a fine 18th century piece, used by the Cossacks and horsemen of the Ottoman Empire. They were also popular thoroughout Europe during the Napoleonic Wars.
A Stunning Solid Silver Gilt George III Small Sword Circa 1770 Hallmarked Silver Dated 1763 by William Kinman of London. Colishmarde bladeblade etched with scrollwork over the forte (rubbed), silver hilt finely cast and chased with boldly writhen borders and scrollwork, comprising oval dish-guard struck twice with the maker`s mark (indistinct), a pair of quillons, arms, knuckle-guard with scrolling terminal, and spirally fluted oval pommel, the grip with chased silver collars and later wire binding. William Kinman was a leading member of the Founders Company of London was born in 1728 and is recorded as a prominent silver hilt maker. He is recorded at 8 Snow Hill for the last time circa 1781, is recorded circa 1728-1808, see L. Southwick 2001, pp. 159-160. The small sword or smallsword is a light one-handed sword designed for thrusting which evolved out of the longer and heavier rapier of the late Renaissance. The height of the small sword's popularity was between mid 17th and late 18th century. It is thought to have appeared in France and spread quickly across the rest of Europe. The small sword was the immediate predecessor of the French duelling sword (from which the épée developed) and its method of use—as typified in the works of such authors as Sieur de Liancour, Domenico Angelo, Monsieur J. Olivier, and Monsieur L'Abbat—developed into the techniques of the French classical school of fencing. Small swords were also used as status symbols and fashion accessories; for most of the 18th century anyone, civilian or military, with pretensions to gentlemanly status would have worn a small sword on a daily basis. The small sword could be a highly effective duelling weapon, and some systems for the use of the bayonet were developed using the method of the smallsword as their foundation, (including perhaps most notably, that of Alfred Hutton). Militarily, small swords continued to be used as a standard sidearm for infantry officers. In some branches with strong traditions, this practice continues to the modern day, albeit for ceremonial and formal dress only. The carrying of swords by officers in combat conditions was frequent in World War I and still saw some practice in World War II. The 1913 U.S. Army Manual of Bayonet Drill includes instructions for how to fight a man on foot with a small sword. Small swords are still featured on parade uniforms of some corps. As a rule, the blade of a small sword is comparatively short at around 0.6 to 0.85 metres (24 to 33 in), though some reach over 0.9 metres (35 in). It usually tapers to a sharp point but may lack a cutting edge. It is typically triangular in cross-section, although some of the early examples still have the rhombic and spindle-shaped cross-sections inherited from older weapons, like the rapier. This triangular cross-section may be hollow ground for additional lightness. Many small swords of the period between the 17th and 18th centuries were found with colichemarde blades.
A Stunning, Early 18th Century, Ivory & Silver Hilted Talisman Symbol Sword A Perfectly Charming and Delightful 18th Century Hunting Sword. Ivory hilt set with three silver headed rivets. Silver scroll end quillons. Long wide blade with rare mystical talisman symbols engraved throughout, including the profile head of the turbaned Grand Sultan [in the same manner as Sir Francis Dashwood's portrait pose]. In the form of a fine nobleman's hunting sword, primarily used [or intended] for personal protection, or for the coup de grace while hunting Boar or Wolf, however this example has a mystical symbolic blade usually associated with secret societies and those that believe blades with such designs granted the user special power over their enemies. We recently examined a sword with an identically designed blade [and most similar luxurious hilt] that was supposedly once owned by a member of Sir Francis Dashwood's Hellfire Club. The most famous Hellfire Club was founded by Sir Francis Dashwood MP, Chancellor of the Exchequer, Postmaster General, and Treasurer to King George III. King George III had six sons, all Freemasons, one of which, Augustus Frederick, Duke of Sussex became the first Grand Master of the new United Grand Lodge of England (founded in 1813) In his younger days, Sir Francis had joined the Society of Gentlemen of Spalding, whose members included leading Freemasons, especially the antiquarian and Chief Druid, Dr Rev William Stukeley. A leading Freemason in the Grand Lodge of London (now known as the United Grand Lodge of England), Stukeley's diary and papers are amongst the earliest sources on the subject of the UGLE. It was Stukeley who, in 1721, famously wrote in his diary, "I was the first person made a Freemason in London for many years. We had difficulty to find members enough to perform the ceremony!" Dashwood was a Rosicrucian and a Freemason. He was initiated in a Lodge in Florence, the Grand Master of which was Lord Raynard, son of the Chief Justice of England. In 1751, Dashwood founded The Order of St Francis, The Hellfire Club at Medmenham, which met in a former church renovated by Dashwood to represent the Solar Temple at Palmyra. Dashwood and his merry monks, which included one Benjamin Franklin, were not Satanists, but they were followers of the Pagan Mysteries. However, it cannot be denied that they supposedly indulged in quasi-Satanic rites This all came to an end in 1766, 10 years prior to the founding of the Order of the Illuminati in Bavaria, May 1st, 1776. The blade has small areas of pitting. When first we acquired this sword we paid little heed to the significance of the engraving, in regards to the style of the hilt. However we are most grateful to Dr. Schroeder for placing his research into the Hellfire Club's curiosities at our disposal. Naturally the engraving's context is purely subjective, and no known authoritative connection can be made at this time, but none the less it is a most fascinating piece and none can argue against it's beauty, quality and fascinating and unusual décor, occasionally to be seen on swords from later periods during the Reign of King George IIIrd, for example many swords of 10th Hussars, the regiment of the Prince of Wales had talisman blades.
A Stunning, Spanish, Napoleonic Peninsular Wars Period 18th Century Pistol Fine walnut stock with micro chequered butt. Fine chiselled steel mounts, beautifully engraved, converted percussion miquelet lock. The barrel has excellent gold inlaid maker marks, and the cross of St John armourers' stamps. This is a truly beautiful pistol, likely carried by an officer of the highest rank and position during the Wars with France in Spain. The Peninsular War[a] (1807–1814) was a military conflict between France and the allied powers of Spain, the United Kingdom and Portugal for control of the Iberian Peninsula during the Napoleonic Wars. The war started when French and Spanish armies occupied Portugal in 1807, and escalated in 1808 when France turned on Spain, its ally until then. The war on the peninsula lasted until the Sixth Coalition defeated Napoleon in 1814, and is regarded as one of the first wars of national liberation, significant for the emergence of large-scale guerrilla warfare. The years of fighting in Spain was a heavy burden on France's Grande Armée. While the French were victorious in battle, their communications and supplies were severely tested and their units were frequently isolated, harassed, or overwhelmed by partisans. The Spanish armies were repeatedly beaten and driven to the peripheries but time and again they would regroup and hound the French. This drain on French resources led Napoleon, who had unwittingly provoked total war, to call the conflict the Spanish Ulcer The British force under Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington guarded Portugal and campaigned against the French in Spain alongside the reformed Portuguese army. Allied to the British, the demoralised Portuguese army was reorganised and refitted under the command of General William Carr Beresford,[6] who had been appointed commander-in-chief of the Portuguese forces by the exiled Portuguese royal family, and fought as part of a combined Anglo-Portuguese army under Wellesley. In 1812, as Napoleon embarked upon his disastrous invasion of Russia, a combined allied army under Wellesley pushed into Spain and took Madrid. Marshal Jean-de-Dieu Soult led the exhausted and demoralized French forces in a fighting withdrawal across the Pyrenees and into France during the winter of 1813-1814.
A Stunningly Impressive Pair of Silver Inlaid Long Holster Pistols Made in the 18th century and used into the 19th century. Made and used during the time of the Russian-Ottoman wars, of Czarina Catherine the Great and Sultan Selim IIIrd, these long and impressive pistols are extravagant in all manners. The steel trigger guards and sideplates are overlaid in highly decorative scrolling silver with much skill, and over engraved in fine detail. The long eared butt caps are in Tutaneg, and the early banana shaped locks are engraved with script. The Cannon end barrels are held by embossed for-end capucines and have numerous armourers marks struck at the breech. Used from the era of the Revolution in France and the Napoleonic Wars. Pairs of holster pistols are now becoming very scarce and although these pistols do have areas of old pitting they are in overall in nice order and most impressive and attractive pieces. These pistols would have seen use throughout the entire region of Western and Eastern Europe, the Mediterranean, well into the areas of Russian Imperial influence, the Balkans and down throughout the Ottoman Empire. It would have seen use during the reign of Catherine II The Great of Russia and Alexander the Ist. Catherine successfully waged war against the Ottoman Empire and advanced Russia's southern boundary to the Black Sea. Then, by plotting with the rulers of Austria and Prussia, she incorporated territories of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth during the Partitions of Poland, pushing the Russian frontier westward into Central Europe. By the time of her death in 1796, Catherine's expansionist policy had made Russia into a major European power. This continued with Alexander I's wresting of Finland from the weakened kingdom of Sweden in 1809 and of Bessarabia from the Principality of Moldavia, ceded by the Ottomans in 1812. During this era they may well have seen use in Russian Ottoman war by either side or if captured by both. The "golden age" of the Ottoman Empire was during the reign of Suleiman the Magnificent in the 16th Century. In different fields, this can be seen both in the architecture of Koca Mimar Sinan Aga, and in the domination of the Mediterranean by the Ottoman navy, led by Barbarossa Hayreddin Pasha. The Ottoman Empire reached its territorial peak in the 17th century. From a diverse system of Millets, to a multi-ethnic state (Ottomanism), it developed its own distinctive culture, influential both in the European and Islamic worlds.With Istanbul (or Constantinople) as its capital, the Ottoman Empire was in some respects an Islamic successor to earlier Mediterranean empires — the Roman and Byzantine empires. The Empire was the only Islamic power to seriously challenge the rising power of Western Europe between the 15th and 19th centuries. 18.25 inches long overall, barrels 11.75 inches long
A Sudanese Kaskara, Imported German Blade The Sudanese sword with a straight 17th to 18th century imported blade, and leather wrapped hilt well known from the Mahdist campaigns and brought to England by soldiers that fought the Mahdi after the fall of General Gordon's besiegement at Khartoum. The swords were often thought to originate from the swords of the European Crusaders that traveled in North Africa in the 12th to15th centuries. The name Kaskara may come from the Baggara Arabs as the more normal name for sword in the Sudan is saif. During the Mahdist war Baggara Arabs in fact provided a large percentage of the Mahdist forces. The second in command to the Mahdi was in fact a Baggara - Abdallahi ibn Muhammad. Many Baggara Arabs moved to the regions of Omdurman and the central Sudan. It is quite possible other Muslims in the area speaking a Chadic language with kaskara or a variation of the term, also answered the Mahdi’s call.
A Super Antique Gold Prospector-Miner's 'Shovel Pick and Nugget' Brooch An original gold prospectors brooch. In Australia and in America's Wild West and Alaska [the '49ers] the gold prospectors would, on occasion, have made by jewellers fancy brooches to represent their gold strikes, and this is one of those. Beautifully designed and executed it has a gold prospector-miner's pick axe, crossed with a shovel and set with a gold nugget at the centre. There is a similar example in a national museum in Australia and in a few in the great museum collections in the US. Stamped 9ct, safety chain with spring mount. 52mm long. Two photos of similar brooches in the gallery. One from the National Museum of Australia, another from Cowan's sale in Ohio.
A Super Back-Action Percussion Overcoat or Travelling Pistol King George IV Circa 1830. Fine all steel mounts and octagonal hook breech barrel. Fine juglans regia walnut stock with chequered grip. Back action percussion lock. The whole pistol has a lovely patina and is really a most handsome fine quality piece. Waisted barrel with multigroove rifling. 11.5inch long overall, barrel 6.5 inches
A Super Blue and Gilt 1796 British Infantry Officer's Sword. With copper gilt hilt, siver wire grip and fully engraved blade with King George IIIrd cypher with finest blue and gilt décor. Used during the Peninsular War in Spain, the American War in 1812, and the Battle of Waterloo era. Quite a few examples survive till today of this pattern of sword from this era, but, very few indeed survive in this condition, with a lot of it's deluxe mercurial fire gilt and blueing remaining, and in it's original scabbard. The sword was introduced by General Order in 1796, replacing the previous 1786 Pattern. It was similar to its prececesor in having a spadroon blade, i.e. one straight, flat backed and single edged with a single fuller on each side. The hilt gilt brass with a knucklebow, vestigial quillon and a twin-shell guard somewhat similar in appearance to that of the smallswords which had been common civilian wear until shortly before this period. The pommel was urn shaped and, in many examples, the inner guard was hinged to allow the sword to sit against the body more comfortably and reduce wear to the officer's uniform. Blades were commonly quite extensively decorated, often blued and gilt, but less than 1% of those with blue and gilt survive today in this condition.
A Super British Military Surgeon's Set, In Nickle Plated Campaign Cylinder With numerous tools, scissors clamps etc., and cases for needles and blades. One instrument lacking. Superbly engineered. Maker marked.
A Super English Civil War Era Cavalryman's Cuirass From Warwick Castle This armour would very nicely companion, our original, English lobster pot helmet. Item number 17925 [sold seperately]. A fine original English Civil War New Model Army cavalry trooper's cuirass direct from the Armoury of Britain's [and perhaps Europe's] greatest medieval castle. With the Warwick castle armoury inventory metal tag still affixed. With fine armourer's marks of the London Armourers Company [*see below] of the 'A' mark [for the Commonwealth], and also the helmet mark to the back plate. During the Civil War the Castle was besieged by the Royalists, they failed in their endeavours and they were captured and incarcerated within the castle dungeons. It certainly possible this armour was used in this conflict or later. William the Conqueror ordered the start of the building of Warwick in the 11th century, and by the 14th century the great Towers were completed. We consider ourselves very fortunate to have the opportunity to acquire some wonderful arms and weaponry from a small disposal from the Castle Armoury, in order to benefit the restoration of the Castle. In the year 1264, the castle was seized by the forces of Simon de Montfort, who consequently imprisoned the then current Earl, William Mauduit, and his Countess at Kenilworth (who were supporters of the king and loyals to the barons) until a ransom was paid. After the death of William Mauduit, the title and castle were passed to William de Beauchamp. Following the death of William de Beauchamp, Warwick Castle subsequently passed through seven generations of the Beauchamp family, who over the next 180 years were responsible for the majority of the additions made to Warwick Castle. After the death of the last direct-line Beauchamp, Anne, the title of Earl of Warwick, as well as the castle, passed to Richard Neville ("the Kingmaker"), who married the sister of the last Earl (Warwick was unusual in that the earldom could be inherited through the female line). Warwick Castle then passed from Neville to his son-in-law (and brother of Edward IV of England), George Plantagenet, and shortly before the Duke's death, to his son, Edward. Several Kings owned Warwick including King Henry VIIth, and Henry VIIIth, James Ist, and also Queen Elizabeth.* In 1322, in the reign of King Edward II, the Guild of St George of the Armourers was instituted, by ordinance of the City of London, which laid down regulations for the control of the trade. King Henry VI presented the Armourers with their first Royal Charter in May 1453. The New Model Army's elite troops were its Regiments of Horse. They were armed and equipped in the style known at the time as harquebusiers, rather than as heavily armoured cuirassiers. They wore a back-and-front breastplate over a buff leather coat, which itself gave some protection against sword cuts, and normally a "lobster-tailed pot" helmet with a movable three-barred visor, and a bridle gauntlet on the left hand. The sleeves of the buff coats were often decorated with strips of braid, which may have been arranged in a regimental pattern. Leather "bucket-topped" riding boots gave some protection to the legs. Regiments were organised into six troops, of one hundred troopers plus officers, non-commissioned officers and specialists (drummers, farriers etc.). Each troop had its own standard, 2 feet (61 cm) square. On the battlefield, a regiment was normally formed as two "divisions" of three troops, one commanded by the regiment's Colonel (or the Major, if the Colonel was not present), the other by the Lieutenant Colonel. Their discipline was markedly superior to that of their Royalist counterparts. Cromwell specifically forbade his men to gallop after a fleeing enemy, but demanded they hold the battlefield. This meant that the New Model cavalry could charge, break an enemy force, regroup and charge again at another objective. On the other hand, when required to pursue, they did so relentlessly, not breaking ranks to loot abandoned enemy baggage as Royalist horse often did One picture in the gallery shows Warwick Castle today [for information only, not included]
A Super George IIIrd British Army Drummer Boy's Sword Drummer boys served in European and American Armies up and into the 20th Century. With mythical beast pommel curved quillon and short double edged blade. This sword was used in the early 19th century by drummer boys in the British Army from the Napoleonic Wars up to the Crimean War in Russia. 20 inch blade. No scabbard. Totally untouched and unpolished. Polishing with return to gold like finish . Wee can undertake this if required. Blade just grey no rusting. Drummer Boy of Waterloo. By Woodland Mary. When battle rous'd each warlike band, And carnage loud her trumpet blew, Young Edwin left his native land, A Drummer Boy for Waterloo. His mother, when his lips she pressed, And bade her noble boy adieu, With wringing hands and aching breast, Beheld him march for Waterloo. With wringing hands, But he that knew no infant tears, His Knapsack o'er his shoulder threw, And cried, ' Dear mother, dry those tears, Till I return from Waterloo." He went—and e'er the set of sun Beheld our arms the foe subdue, The flash of death—the murderous gun, Had laid him low at Waterloo. The flash of death, O comrades ! comrades !' Edwin cried, And proudly beam'd his eye of blue, ' Go tell my mother, Edwin died A soldier's death at Waterloo.' They plac'd his head upon his drum, And 'neath the moonlight's mournful hue, When night had stilled the battle's hum, They dug his grave at Waterloo. When night had still'd. In the painting of the drummer boy, if one looks behind his left leg one can see the bottom of the drummer boy's sword blade.
A Super Original Civil War Sharps and Hankins 4 Barrel Derringer .32 cal, with steel barrels steel frame and walnut grips. A Wonderful, small multi barreled Derringer pistol, that is a typical representation of the ingeneous skill and inventiveness that was inspiring the creation of incredible feats of ingenuity in the design of arms in mid 19th century industrial America and Great Britain. It has four slim barrels and a rotating firing mechanism that fires one bullet at a time through a trigger action. Sliding loading action, clear makers name and barrel address, carved wood grips. A fabulous and scarce multi shot Derringer made and used from the early part of the American Civil War and into the Wild West frontier era. The Derringer pistol that we have here evolved from the name of a small calibre pistol used to assasinate Abraham Lincoln, from that time on, all small calibre concealable pistols have been called or utilised the name Derringer. In the century and a half since it happened, populist history has largely boiled down the assassination of Abraham Lincoln to the story of a single perpetrator: John Wilkes Booth. Four of the eight convicted for participating in the conspiracy to assassinate Lincoln in April of 1865 died on the gallows three months later. But in his appearance at the Camden County Historical Society, Lincoln scholar Hugh Boyle made clear that the real story is a sprawling epic. It involves a gang of Confederate operatives and sympathizers that first plotted to kidnap the President and, when that failed, decided to murder not only him, but the Vice President and Secretary of State as well. Their goal was to decapitate and destabilize the federal government in hopes of forcing a settlement to the war that would avoid the South's total defeat. In the end, they managed to kill Lincoln and seriously injure Secretary of State William Seward. By 1865, the South was a vast swath of utter destruction. It was a time of massive upheaval, great danger and high emotion for the South, so the idea that someone might be thinking about attacking the President or other high government officials was not a crazy one in the atmosphere of the times." The frustrations and angst of the Southern cause came to a boil in April of 1865. Its capital, Richmond, Va. -- now a burned out hulk of a city -- was captured and occupied by Ulysses S. Grant's forces on April 3. Six days later, Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia surrendered and was disarmed at Appomattox. Three days after that -- April 11 -- President Lincoln, standing in a second-story window of the White House, spoke to a huge crowd in a city gone wild in celebration of the Appomattox surrender. But among those listening in that crowd were John Wilkes Booth and 21-year-old Lewis Thornton Powell. John Wilkes Booth, one of America's most famous actors of the time, and Lewis Thornton Powell were enraged by the President's White House speech on April 11. Three days later, Booth killed Lincoln in Ford's Theater while Powell tried to kill Secretary of State William Seward in his home. Booth was one of the country's most famous actors and an ardent supporter of the Confederacy. His young companion, Powell, was a Confederate army veteran and a second cousin of Confederate general John B. Gordon The gang leader -- 27-year-old John Wilkes Booth -- was tracked down and shot to death by Union soldiers in Virginia. Eight others were convicted of being conspirators with Booth. Four were sentenced to death and hung, including the first woman ever executed by the U.S. government. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Super, Antique Bronze ' Horse Racing' Collectable Ideal for the gentleman or lady with a passion for Horse Racing or simply Horses. In fine bronze, a super desk, mantle or sidetable ornament. With a finely detailed relief design of a Horse Race, showing two race horses side by side with jockeys. With rear finger loop for holding.
A Superb & Rare 1796 'Blue and Gilt' Royal Marines Officer's Sword A most scarce form of 1796 Marines Officer's pattern sword, that is distinctive due to it's grip of chequered ebony recognised as for use by the officers of Royal Marines. The 1796 Infantry sword will more usually have a silver wire grip, a silver foil wire pattern grip, or a plain or ribbed pale wood grip. The rarest of all are the chequered ebony and ivory grips, used by Marines officers [of middle and high rank respectively], and these swords are often likely made before 1796, when the sword was given it's pattern name. The hilt has much of it's original mercurial gilt remaining, and the blade is very beautifully engraved with much original blue and gilt still present. The scabbard is gilt metal and leather and the leather good for age but a couple of old contemporary strengthening in the leather. The Royal Marines were formed as part of the Naval Service in 1755. However, it can trace its origins back as far as 28 October 1664 when at the grounds of the Honourable Artillery Company "the Duke of York and Albanys maritime regiment of foot" was first formed up, when English soldiers first went to sea to fight the Spanish and prevent them from reaching the fortress of Gibraltar. The Royal Marines served throughout the Napoleonic Wars in every notable naval battle on-board the Royal Navy's ships and participated in multiple amphibious actions. One Royal Marine officer was killed on board the Victory at Trafalgar, Captain Charles Adair. Royal Marine Lieutenant Lewis Buckle Reeve was seriously wounded and lay next to Nelson after he [Nelson] was shot by a French matelot in the rigging. The Royal Marines have, for good reason, a proud history and unique traditions. Their colours (flags) do not carry individual battle honours in the manner of the regiments of the British Army but rather the "globe itself" as the symbol of the Corps. On 5 April 1755, His Majesty's Marine Forces, fifty Companies in three Divisions, headquartered at Chatham, Portsmouth, and Plymouth, were formed by Order of Council under Admiralty control. Initially all field officers were Royal Navy officers as the Royal Navy felt that the ranks of Marine field officers were largely honorary. This meant that the farthest a Marine officer could advance was to Lieutenant Colonel. It was not until 1771 that the first Marine was promoted to Colonel. This situation persisted well into the 1800s. During the rest of the 18th century, they served in numerous landings all over the world, the most famous being the landing at Bellisle on the Brittany coast in 1761. They also served in the American War of Independence, being particularly courageous in the Battle of Bunker Hill led by Major John Pitcairn. These Marines also often took to the ship's boats to repel attackers in small boats when RN ships on close blockade were becalmed. On February 14, 1779 Captain James Cook took with him the following Marines: Lt.Phillips; a Sgt; Corporal Thomas and seven Privates; besides Cook, four Marines-Corporal Thomas and three Privates Hinks; Allen, and Fatchett-were killed and 2-Lt Phillips and Private Jackson-wounded. In 1802, largely at the instigation of Admiral John Jervis, 1st Earl of St Vincent, they were titled the Royal Marines by King George IIIrd. This is the second time we have been most privileged to own this sword.
A Superb & Rare Colonial Era Anglo-American Shell Guard Naval Cutlass Circa 1740-1760 Period. Used in the Royal Navy and Pre-American Independence American Navy. Excellent condition in all respects. This is a truly rare, quite wonderful, original Anglo-American shell guard naval cutlass, with a 25" widely curved, unmarked, single fuller, single edge blade. The brass two bar Guard has a “shell” pattern guard with its thin knuckle bow, short downturned quillon and original octagon polished bone grip, with superb untouched natural age patination to both the brass and the carved grip. This historic cutlass measures 29.5” in overall length. It is near identical to examples found in “Swords & Blades of the American Revolution” by George C. Neumann, illustrated on pages 182 and 183. Swords of this form were used in both the British Royal Navy, by officers and men, and in the earliest American navy and their merchant ships, many decades before the regularised official patterns of swords and cutlasses were introduced in the early 19th century for both countries. An excellent and most highly collectible specimen.
A Superb 'Wild West' Smith and Wesson Revolver One of the greatest names in the world of American pistols. Smith and Wessons have been owned by all the greatest and infamous characters in Wild West history, such as Jesse James, Cole Younger, Bob Ford and Wyatt Earp. The Smith & Wesson Model No. 1 1/2. [Second issue] with birds head butt and top strap cylinder stop. The 'second type' intermediate manufacture model between the Old Model No. 1 and the No 2 Model Army. With a considerable amount of original blue remaining. Good tight action and fine and clear Smith and Wesson address to barrel top strap with patent dates. Overall length 7.5 inches. Barrel 3.5 inches 32 Rimfire calibre. Small marks to barrel top strap.
A Superb 1796 Blue and Gilt Infantry Officer's Sword With copper gilt hilt, silver wire grip and fully engraved blade with King George IIIrd cypher with good remaining amounts of the finest blue and gilt décor. Used during the Peninsular War in Spain, the American War in 1812, and the Battle of Waterloo era. Quite a few examples survive till today of this pattern of sword from this era, but, very few indeed survive in good condition, with a lot of it's deluxe mercurial fire gilt and blueing remaining. The sword was introduced by General Order in 1796, replacing the previous 1786 Pattern. It was similar to its prececesor in having a spadroon blade, i.e. one straight, flat backed and single edged with a single fuller on each side. The hilt gilt brass with a knucklebow, vestigial quillon and a twin-shell guard somewhat similar in appearance to that of the smallswords which had been common civilian wear until shortly before this period. The pommel was urn shaped and, in many examples, the inner guard was hinged to allow the sword to sit against the body more comfortably and reduce wear to the officer's uniform. Blades could be deluxe decorated with engraving, blue and pure gold decor, but less than 1% of those with finest blue and gilt blades survive today. The grip is silver but as yet completely unpolished to bright silver.
A Superb 17th to 18th Century, London, Ship or Fort Blunderbuss This blunderbuss is a true behemoth of a gun, not gentle or elegant [in fact with typical elements of 17th century crudity] but formidable, substantial and simply oozing power and presence. No man would fail to tremble at the sight of this gun's muzzle pointed his way. Made from around 1680 to 1710, it is probably the largest size of flintlock that a man could fire from the hip or shoulder without doing personal injury to the user. Any larger and it would have to have been mounted on a swivel and block. This gun has several distinctive features that determine it age. The lock has the early so-called 'banana' shape and the brass mounts are typically engraved with strawberry leaf influences typical of the late 17th century. The side plate is typical early pre military Land pattern type, in steel. Originally intended for military or maritime purposes, these arms can be traced to 1598, when Germany's Henrich Thielman applied for a patent for a shoulder arm designed for shipboard use to repel enemy boarders. The blunderbuss quickly became popular with the Dutch and English navies. England's growing maritime power seems to have fueled production of these short bell-barrel arms, which were useful during close-in engagements between warships by enabling marines clinging to ship's rigging to use them against the gun crews of opposing vessels. The barrels were of steel or brass and the furniture of the blunderbuss were typically made from brass, with stocks most commonly made from walnut. Other, less robust woods were sometimes used, but their tendency to shatter ensured that walnut would remain in widespread use as a stocking material. The blunderbuss played a role during the English Civil War of 1642-48, and these arms were widely used as a personal defense arm in England during the Commonwealth Period. The lack of an organized system of law enforcement at that time, coupled with the growing threat posed by highwaymen, placed the burden of protecting life and property in the hands of honest citizens. Although some blunderbusses bore the royal cipher of the Sovereign, they typically did not feature the Broad Arrow identifying government ownership or the markings of the Board of Ordnance. Several brass- and iron-barreled blunderbusses were captured from the forces of Lord Cornwallis upon the latter's surrender to the Continental Army at Yorktown, Virginia in the final land campaign of the American Revolution. This may well have been the very kind as used in that engagement. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables. The stock on this gun, during the Georgian period, has been very slightly slimmed at the butt, possibly due to an armourer's field repair in it's working life, and surface wear to the finish. The specific history of this gun and it's makers are as follows; The Goves family also had a gunsmith who had a shop and traded in Ireland who died in 1767, and this specific gun was last recorded registered and used in Ireland, in County Tyrone, in 1843 and stamped on the gun twice accordingly. 32.5 inches long, 16.5 inch barrel
A Superb 1805 Second Pattern Baker Rifle Rifleman's Sword This sword is a jolly nice example of probably the most sought after, collectable, and most famous, issued rifle-sword of the British Army, made by Osborn and Gunby, ordnance marked with crown numbered inspection stamp for front line regimental issue. During the Napoleonic Wars the Baker rifle was made as the British Army replacement for the Jaeger Rifle, that had been purchased for the 60th Rifles, and used by the army's rifle regiment until a British version could be tried, tested, approved and issued. It was deemed and reported to be highly effective at long range, due to its accuracy and dependability under battlefield conditions. However, In spite of its advantages, the rifle did not replace the standard British musket of the day, the venerable Brown Bess, but was instead issued exclusively to elite rifle regiments, manned by 'chosen men', the best shots in the army. These units were employed as an addition to the common practice of fielding skirmishers in advance of the main column, who were used to weaken and disrupt the waiting enemy lines (the British also had a light company in each battalion that was trained and employed as skirmishers but these were only issued with muskets). With the advantage of the greater range and accuracy provided by the Baker rifle, British skirmishers were able to defeat their French counterparts routinely and in turn disrupt the main French force by sniping non-commissioned and commissioned officers. The rifle was fitted with this detachable, brass hilted sword, that was carried [when not fitted on the rifle's muzzle], on the rifleman's belt by means of a frog mount. These sword's of the Baker were used by what were considered elite units, such as the battalions of the 60th Regiment (Royal American Rifles) that were deployed around the world, and the three battalions of the 95th Regiment that served under the Duke of Wellington between 1808 and 1814 in the Peninsular War and again in 1815 at the Battle of Waterloo. Today the nobly deserved legend of 'King George's rifles' lives on in the British Army, with all due pride and distinction, in 'The Rifles' battalions of today, a merging of what was the Rifle Brigade and King's Royal Rifles, known as the 'Green Jackets'. They are serving with honour and valour, just as they always have, all around the world, and at present, with their usual incredible fortitude, in Afghanistan. A rifleman's edged weapon is, and must always must be referred to as a sword, despite fitting to the rifle as would a bayonet. This tradition continues to this very day, however dimunitive the rifleman's edged weapon is today [by comparison to the Baker sword], and woe betide anyone who refers to it as the, 'b' word. The Rifles will always have a special respect with us, as our former gunsmith and dearest friend of 50 summers, served with the KRR. The late and much lamented, 'Rifleman' Dennis Ottrey, of former WW2 D.Day service. Picture in the gallery of Major General Coote Manningham one of the founders of the Rifles regiments
A Superb 1890's ' Mahdist War Campaign', Mahdi Warrior's Shield [Gashan] Bought back to England by an officer in the 21st Lancers, from the Battle of Omdurman, and a young Winston Churchill rode alongside the 21st in the charge. The shield came with the Mahdist's sword but it is sold seperately. An identical shield is one of 20 special items, in the British Museum collection, entitled London, A World City in 20 Objects. The shield shows some deflected sword cuts in the central boss from a British cavalry sabre inflicted in the battle. The village of Omdurman was chosen in 1884 as the base of operations by the Mahdi, Muhammad Ahmad. After his death in 1885, following the successful siege of Khartoum, his successor (Khalifa) Abdullah retained it as his capital. The battle began in the early morning, at around 6 a.m.. After the clashes of the previous day, the 8,000 men under Osman Azrak advanced straight at the waiting British, quickly followed by about 8,000 of those waiting to the north-west. It was a mixed force of riflemen and spearmen. The British artillery opened fire at around 2750 m and the Ansar forces were badly reduced before they even came into range of the Maxim guns and volley fire. The frontal attack ended quickly with around 4,000 Ansar casualties, none coming closer than 50 m to the British trenches. A flanking move from the Ansar right was also checked and there were untidy clashes on the opposite flank which scattered the Ansar forces there. Kitchener was anxious to occupy Omdurman before the remaining Ansar forces could withdraw there. He directed the army to advance on Omdurman. The army was ordered into columns and began the advance. The British light cavalry regiment, the 21st Lancers, was sent ahead to clear the plain to Omdurman. They had a tough time of it. The 400-strong regiment attacked what they thought to be a few hundred dervishes, but in fact were 2,500 infantry hidden behind these dervishes in a depression. After a fierce clash, the Lancers drove them back at some cost (three Victoria Crosses were awarded, for the loss of five officers, 65 men, and 120 horses, roughly one-fourth of their total manpower). On a larger scale, the British advance allowed the Khalifa to re-organize his forces. He still had over 30,000 men in the field and directed his main reserve to attack from the west while ordering the forces to the north-west to attack simultaneously over the Kerreri Hills. Kitchener's force wheeled left in echelon to advance up Surgham ridge and then southwards. To protect the rear, a brigade of 3,000, mainly Sudanese, commanded by Hector MacDonald, was reinforced with Maxims and artillery and followed the main force at around 1350 m. Curiously, the supplies and wounded around Egeiga were left almost unprotected. MacDonald was alerted to the presence of around 15,000 enemy troops moving towards him from the west, out from behind Surgham. He wheeled his force and lined them up to face the enemy charge. The Ansar infantry attacked in two prongs and MacDonald was forced to repeatedly re-order his battalions. The brigade maintained a punishing fire. Kitchener, now aware of the problem, "began to throw his brigades about as if they were companies".MacDonald's brigade was soon reinforced and the Ansar forces were forced back and finally broke or died where they stood. The Ansar forces to the north had regrouped too late and entered the clash only after the force in the central valley had been routed. They pressed Macdonald's Sudanese brigades hard, but the Lincolnshire Regiment was quickly brought up and with sustained section volleys repulsed the advance. A final desperate cavalry charge of around 500 men was utterly destroyed. The march on Omdurman was resumed at about 11:30. Winston Churchill was present at the battle and he rode with the 21st Lancers. He published an account in 1899 as "The River War: An Account of the Reconquest of the Soudan", which is the basis for this article. Present as a war correspondent for the Times was Col. Frank Rhodes, brother of Cecil, who was shot and severely wounded in the right arm. This shield is certainly Somali made. The shield maker would use a number of special hammers to apply embossed markings to the supple surface before allowing the hide to dry out completely. Despite their small size, Somali shields are extremely strong – and may be looked upon almost as offensive rather than defensive weapons. They had a very large hand grip which would allow the owner to push the shield up his arm when not in combat. Undoubtedly the significance of shields extended far beyond their purely functional capabilities. Possessing a fine, perfectly round and bleached white shield was an indication of a man’s standing in society.
A Superb 18th Century Solid Silver Hilted Slotted Hilt EIC Cavalry Sabre Lion's head pommel, spiral turned ebony grip, with silver triple wire binding and two silver rivets. Slotted hilt with fretted, open diamond form insert. Long curved blade with clipped back tip. In overall superb condition. A typical sword as used by officers serving under Wellington in his EIC Army campaign against Tippu Sultan, and the fourth Mysore War. Fourth Anglo-Mysore War After Horatio Nelson had defeated François-Paul Brueys D'Aigalliers at the Battle of the Nile in Egypt in 1798, three armies, one from Bombay, and two British (one of which included Arthur Wellesley), marched into Mysore in 1799 and besieged the capital Srirangapatna in the Fourth Mysore War. There were over 26,000 soldiers of the British East India Company comprising about 4000 Europeans and the rest Indians. A column was supplied by the Nizam of Hyderabad consisting of ten battalions and over 16,000 cavalry, and many soldiers were sent by the Marathas. Thus the soldiers in the British force numbered over 50,000 soldiers whereas Tipu Sultan had only about 30,000 soldiers. The British broke through the city walls, french Military advisers advised Tipu Sultan to escape from secret passages and live to fight another day but to their astonishment Tipu replied "One day of life as a Tiger is far better than thousand years of living as a Jackal". Tipu Sultan died defending his capital on 4 May. When the fallen Tipu was identified, Wellesley felt his pulse and confirmed that he was dead. Next to him, underneath his palankeen, was one of his most confidential servants, Rajah Cawn. Rajah was able to identify Tipu for the soldiers. Tipu was buried the next afternoon, near the remains of his father. In the midst of his burial, a great storm struck, with massive winds and rains. As Lieutenant Richard Bayly of the British 12th regiment wrote, "I have experienced hurricanes, typhoons, and gales of wind at sea, but never in the whole course of my existence had I seen anything comparable to this desolating visitation".
A Superb 19th Century Britannia Metal and Brass Mounted Pistol Flask A lovely flask, perfect for a set of cased pistols or a cased revolver etc. lacking a good flask. Excellent condition, with very good original gold lacquer finish to the brass. 4 inches long 2 inches across. Very small dent at the bottom on one side about 10mm x 5mm
A Superb 19th Century Malacca Sword Cane With A Wonderful Lacquer Patina One of the most subtly concealed sword canes we have seen in a long while. A completely plain looking cane with secreted button to released a very finely made scalloped blade. There is no obvious indication this is indeed a concealed weapon at all. A superb quality piece. The last one we had , that was, most unusually,exactly like it, was made for a British intelligence officer in the 1850's. Officer's travelling around the Empire and Europe would always need to bear a secreted, concealed arm, for obviously armed civilians would attract the wrong kind of attention, and a concealed weapon would be absolutely essential for protection. British intelligence and spying operations were created, by the universally agreed upon founder of espionage and the English secret service, Elizabeth I’s spymaster, Sir Francis Walsingham. He faced a predicament shared by many of his successors; the need to combat both external and internal threats and the collaboration of the two. In the case of the Protestant Walsingham and his Protestant Queen, the unifying factor among their enemies was devotion to Catholicism. Walsingham battled this menace by recruiting agents at home and abroad and waging an aggressive campaign of counter-subversion. The Spanish recalling the ill-fated Armada and the depredations of Sir Francis Drake, speak of Perfida Albion, the Italians of Perfida Albione, and the Germans of Perfides Albion. In any language, it boils down to the same thing: the English displayed a special knack for professional underhanded behaviour and more that they were damned good at it. The notion that England possessed a special talent for deceit and underhandedness may be valid or not, but it has proved an effective and enduring one. After all, though the Empire is gone, the most famous intelligence officer in the world, James Bond, remains steadfastly British. The long list of historical figures who often stand accused by some of being Albion’s tools (whether they knew it or not) includes Christopher Marlowe, Benjamin Franklin, Karl Marx and Leon Trotsky, and those that definitely were, include Aleister Crowley, Harry Houdini, Benito Mussolini, Gracie Fields and Noel Coward. In the 19th century British Intelligence officers were more often than not based in the Empire in India, combating the so called 'Great Game' against the Czar's agents, and in Europe against the Kaiser's. It was for that purpose our last cane of this type was commissioned for an officer of the intelligence service and it is too similar in our opinion not to be connected in some way.
A Superb 19th Century Meiji Period Carved Whale Bone Handled Walking Stick A wonderful Japanese walking stich with a handle of a carved figure of Fukurokuju, one of the Japanese seven deities, the tall headed god of happiness, wealth and long life one of the Shichi-fuku-jin (“Seven Gods of Luck”), particularly associated with longevity. He is supposed to have once lived on earth as a Chinese Taoist sage. He is often depicted as an old man with a white beard, wearing a scholar’s headdress and sometimes accompanied by a stag. He carries a large stick to which is attached a scroll containing the world’s wisdom. The seven are drawn from various sources but have been grouped together from at least the 16th century. They are Bishamon, Daikoku, Ebisu, Fukurokuju, Jurojin, Hotei, and the only female in the group, Benten. The carving is beautifully executed and the figure has an most charming jolly smile. The collar is silver coloured metal and the shaft is finest mallacca wood terminated with a turned horn tip. Excellent condition overall
A Superb 19th Century Wild West Cased Remington Smoot Revolver 1870's Beautiful mahogany case with a wonderous patina, internally set with sectional divisions, and contains a small old labeled Remington cartridge box. Remington-Smoot New Model No. 1 Revolver Serial Numbered 1###. .30 RF Calibre 2¾" Barrel. The revolver retains about 95% of the original nickel finish with excellent hard rubber grips and tight action. Cased American Wild West era pistols are both hugely desireable and iconic of a era long past. Remington was, and is, one of the greatest and most famous names in the world of American guns. Remington was founded in 1816. Eliphalet Remington II believed he could build a better gun than he could buy. Farming communities in the region were famous for their diverse skills and self-sufficiency, and the winter seasons were used for crafts that provided goods for self-use and also for sale. Eliphalet's father was a blacksmith, and wanted to expand his business into rifle barrel production. Local residents often built their own rifles to save on costs, but purchased the barrel. Eliphalet's father sent him to a well-known barrel maker in a major city to purchase a barrel, with the mission of observing the barrel-making technique. At the time, the method was to heat and wrap long flat bars of iron around a metal rod of the caliber desired. By heating and hammering the coiled bars around the central rod, the barrel metal became fused into a solid cylinder, at which point the rod was pressed out. After the young man returned home, his family added a successful barrel making operation to his father's forge, in Ilion Gorge, New York. He began designing and building a flintlock rifle for himself. In the fall of that year, he entered a shooting match; though he only finished second, his well-made gun impressed other shooters. Before Eliphalet left the field that day, he had received so many orders from other competitors that he was now officially in the gunsmithing business. By 1828, the operation moved to nearby Ilion, New York, at the same site which is used by the modern Remington firearms plant. In 1865, Remington incorporated into a stock company, and in 1873 began a new venture, producing Remington brand typewriters. Remington sold the typewriter business in 1886. The typewriter company eventually became Remington Rand, and the firearms business became Remington Arms Company. In 1888, Remington was purchased by Marcus Hartley and Partners, a major sporting goods chain who also owned the Union Metallic Cartridge Company in Bridgeport, Connecticut. The Bridgeport site became the home of Remington's ammunition plant. Only a few thousand of these were made. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Superb 19th Century, 'City Of London' Sword With Ivory Grip & Royal Crown With gilt and silvered hilt, bearing the ancient crest of the City of London, and the Royal Crown pommel. The blade is fully etched, though rather dark patinated. Maker marked from Chancery Lane. The form of sword as was worn by the former Lord Mayor's of London in the 19th century. A sword very rarely seen today, and what an absolute beauty.
A Superb 1st Royal Dragoons Hallmarked Silver Senior NCO Rank Badge Edward VIIth period. This silver arm badge was approved at the later period of Queen Victoria for wear on the uniform by the 1st Royal Dragoons senior NCOs as their badge of rank. 2.5 inches high 0.65 oz, Between 1884 and 1885, the 1st (Royal) Dragoons provided a contingent for service with the Heavy Cavalry Camel Corps in the expedition to relieve Gordon in Khartoum, and took part in the battle of Abu Klea. The outbreak of the First World War found the Regiment again in South Africa, where they had helped quell the Johannesburg riots of 1913, earning praise for their restraint and judgement in this unpleasant duty. By October 1914, The Royal Dragoons were in Flanders, where for a short time they saw service in their normal cavalry role, during the intense activity which preceded the First Battle of Ypres. Thereafter the Regiment saw little mounted service - at first, in their role of mobile reserve, they were available to man trenches in their sector wherever the need was greatest, and so had to keep their horses close at hand, thereby suffering severe casualties among the horse holders from shellfire. Although throughout the war it was hoped to force a gap for the Cavalry to exploit, The Royals were only able to use the arme blanche twice. The first occasion was in a small but brilliantly successful charge alongside the 10th Hussars. The other occasion was during the final Allied offensive in 1918, when the Regiment formed part of an advanced guard; trenches, craters and wire restricted them, for most of the time, to patrolling. Their last action in the war was a charge, clearing positions around Honnechy which had impeded the Allied advance. However, for the greater part of the war The Royal Dragoons did hard and uncongenial work in the trenches, and did it with distinction, even though not properly equipped for an infantry role. The Regiment fought at the first and second Battle of Ypres, at Loos in 1915, opposite the Hohenzollern line in 1916, and against the Hindenberg line in 1917.
A Superb Antique Barong. An Indonesian Warriors Short Sword. Leaf shaped watered blade, showing superb tempered grain and structure. The hilt has a “cockatoo beak” (kakatua) handle. Silver band with mother of pearl decoration. Rattan bound scabbard with mother of pearl bottom mount.During it's life some of the rattan has been lost and the bottom mount reaffixed.
A Superb Antique Keris With Singularly Beautiful Blade of Meteorite Steel An old Bali keris or Kris with a superbly sculpted serpentine seven wave blade bearing pamor wos wutah. The old wrongko is the batun form in the South Bali style, it is made from an outstanding piece of timoho. The old bondolan hilt is from well patterned timoho wood and is fitted with an old wewer set with pastes. This keris displays impeccable blade quality in a scabbard of beautifully marked timoho wood and is an outstanding example of the Balinese keris. Pamor is the pattern of white lines appearing on the blade. Kris blades are forged by a technique known as pattern welding, one in which layers of different metals are pounded and fused together while red hot, folded or twisted, adding more different metals, pounded more and folded more until the desired number of layers are obtained. The rough blade is then shaped, filed and sometimes polished smooth before finally acid etched to bring out the contrasting colors of the low and high carbon metals. The traditional Indonesian weapon allegedly endowed with religious and mystical powers. With probably a traditional Meteorite laminated iron blade with hammered nickle for the contrasting pattern.
A Superb Case Hardened Steel Gun Lock Of a Greene Carbine 1856 Scarce British-Type Greene Carbine by Massachusetts Arms Company Case-hardened swivel breech action with Maynard tape primer system. Lock marked: [Queen's crown] /VR/Mass.Arms Co./U.S.A./1856. James Durell Greene was a prolific firearms inventor and determined to make his mark This carbine lock was manufactured by the Massachusetts Arms Company and exported to Great Britain after being inspected and stamped with the Queen's Crown by British inspectors in the USA. These were used by the British Cavalry in the Crimean War but re-exported to the USA after the Crimea War. These fine guns were deemed to be very accurate but the paper and linen cartridges of the time were criticised as being prone to swell in the damp and consequently the carbine did not find favour with the British Government. The carbine features an unusual "floating thimble" to obdurate the breech and an internal "pricker" that punctured the cartridge. It also featured Maynard Tape priming which was in the forefront of priming technology at the time and the mechanism for this is in perfect condition. The quality of workmanship is exceptional and it actions as crisply today as it did when it was made 158 years ago. An exceptional item in outstanding condition. Only 2000 were manufactured and a complete carbine would be around £3,000.
A Superb Case Hardened Steel Gun Lock Of a Greene Carbine 1856 Scarce British-Type Greene Carbine by Massachusetts Arms Company Case-hardened swivel breech action with Maynard tape primer system. Lock marked: [Queen's crown] /VR/Mass.Arms Co./U.S.A./1856. James Durell Greene was a prolific firearms inventor and determined to make his mark This carbine lock was manufactured by the Massachusetts Arms Company and exported to Great Britain after being inspected and stamped with the Queen's Crown by British inspectors in the USA. These were used by the British Cavalry in the Crimean War but re-exported to the USA after the Crimea War. These fine guns were deemed to be very accurate but the paper and linen cartridges of the time were criticised as being prone to swell in the damp and consequently the carbine did not find favour with the British Government. The carbine features an unusual "floating thimble" to obdurate the breech and an internal "pricker" that punctured the cartridge. It also featured Maynard Tape priming which was in the forefront of priming technology at the time and the mechanism for this is in perfect condition. The quality of workmanship is exceptional and it actions as crisply today as it did when it was made 158 years ago. An exceptional item in outstanding condition. Only 2000 were manufactured and a complete carbine would be around £3,000.
A Superb English Civil War 'Mortuary Hilted' Sword for Cavalry Officer Straight slender and elegant blade, single-edged towards the tip, then double edged on the back return for 6 inches, cut with several slender fullers along the back-edge on each side, with small armourers marks of four equally spaced darts. A symmetrical steel basket hilt chiseled with foliage and a portrait busts of two bewigged figures most likely King Charles 1st., on the underside of the guard, drawn-up to form the knuckle-guard, fitted with vertical bar and two side bars with bifurcated scrolling bases front and back, each joined to the knuckle-guard by a pair of moulded bars, a pair of short domed langets, vestigial quillon, and chiseled pommel (later plain grip), In the Civil War, the opening of the battle usually involved groups of cavalry, with the officers carrying these very form of swords. The main objective was to make the opposing cavalry run away. When that happened, the victorious cavalry turned on the enemy infantry. Well-disciplined pike men, brave enough to hold their ground, could do tremendous damage to a cavalry charging straight at them. There are several examples of cavalry men having three or four horses killed under them in one battle. At the start of the war the king's nephew, Prince Rupert, was put in charge of the cavalry. Although Rupert was only twenty-three he already had a lot of experience fighting in the Dutch army. Prince Rupert introduced a new cavalry tactic that he had learnt fighting in Sweden. This involved charging full speed at the enemy. The horses were kept close together and just before impact the men fired their pistols, then arming themselves with their swords for the all too fearsome hand to hand combat During the early stages of the Civil War the parliamentary army was at a great disadvantage. Most of the soldiers had never used a sword or musket before. When faced with Prince Rupert's cavalry charging at full speed, they often turned and ran. One of the Roundhead officers who saw Prince Rupert's cavalry in action was a man called Oliver Cromwell. Although Cromwell had no military training, his experience as a large landowner gave him a good knowledge of horses. Cromwell became convinced that if he could produce a well-disciplined army he could defeat Prince Rupert and his Cavaliers. He knew that pike men, armed with sixteen-foot-long pikes, who stood their ground during a cavalry attack, could do a tremendous amount of damage. Oliver Cromwell also noticed that Prince Rupert's cavalry were not very well disciplined. After they charged the enemy they went in pursuit of individual targets. At the first major battle of the civil war at Edge hill, most of Prince Rupert's cavalrymen did not return to the battlefield until over an hour after the initial charge. By this time the horses were so tired they were unable to mount another attack against the Roundheads. Cromwell trained his cavalry to keep together after a charge. In this way his men could repeatedly charge the Cavaliers. Cromwell's new cavalry took part in its first major battle at Marston Moor in Yorkshire in July 1644. The king's soldiers were heavily defeated in the battle. Cromwell's soldiers became known as the Ironsides' because of the way they cut through the Cavaliers on the battlefield. The Mortuary hilted swords actually gained their unusual name some considerable time after the Civil War. For, as they bore representational portraits of King Charles Ist, it was believed in Victorian times that they were to symbolize the death of the King, however, as these swords were actually made from 1640, long before he was executed, it was an obviously erroneous naming, that curiously remains to this day. This example is a beautiful, fine and singularly handsome piece and would certainly be a fine addition to any collection of rare English swords. There are a few examples near identical to this sword in the Royal Collection and the Tower of London Collection. 82cm blade As the sword is black steel we have emphasized the design of the basket hilt using a red velvet insert within the guard, this is for display purposes only.
A Superb First Empire French General Officer's Silver Epee Dated 1815. From the end of Napoleon's First Empire & the Restoration Period. Superb silver casting, showing great detail and quality within the design. Lion masks set in the knuckle bow, and lion head profiles in the shell guard. The stand-of-arms panel within the guard contain's mortars, howitzers and standards, set with a crown upper centre. Chequered ebony grips. A very superior blade, armourer marked, stamped and dated 1815. The overall condition is superb with just small hairline cracks in the ebony. The rise of Napoleon troubled the other European powers as much as the earlier revolutionary regime had. Despite the formation of new coalitions against him, Napoleon’s forces continued to conquer much of Europe. The Peninsular War in Spain was a hard lost conflict , covering many years and dozens of battles against his nemesis, the Duke of Wellington. Eventually, the tide of war began to turn against Napoleon, after the disastrous French invasion of Russia in 1812, that caused Napoleon to lose much of his Grand Armee. The following year, during the War of the Sixth Coalition, Coalition forces defeated the French in the Battle of Leipzig. Following its victory at Leipzig, the Coalition vowed to press on to Paris and depose Napoleon. In the last week of February 1814, Prussian Field Marshal Blücher advanced on Paris. After multiple attacks, maneuvering, and reinforcements on both sides, Blücher won the Battle of Laon in early March 1814; this victory prevented the Allied army from being pushed north out of France. The Battle of Reims went to Napoleon, but this victory was followed by successive defeats from increasingly overwhelming odds. Coalition forces entered Paris after the Battle of Montmartre on 30 March 1814. On 6 April 1814, Napoleon abdicated his throne, leading to the accession of Louis XVIII and the first Bourbon Restoration a month later. The defeated Napoleon was exiled to the island of Elba, while the victorious British Prussian, Austrian and Russian Coalition sought to redraw the map of Europe at the Congress of Vienna. The Hundred Days, sometimes known as the Hundred Days of Napoleon or Napoleon's Hundred Days , marked the period between Emperor Napoleon I of France's return from exile on Elba to Paris on 20 March 1815 and the second restoration of King Louis XVIII on 8 July 1815 (a period of 111 days later). This period saw the War of the Seventh Coalition, and includes the Waterloo Campaign and the Neapolitan War. The Battle of Waterloo was Napoleon's last great throw of the dice to retain his country as Emperor, but thanks to skillful tactics and a fair portion of good fortune, Wellington prevailed. The phrase les Cent Jours was first used by the prefect of Paris, Gaspard, comte de Chabrol, in his speech welcoming the King. Napoleon returned while the Congress of Vienna was sitting. On 13 March, seven days before Napoleon reached Paris, the powers at the Congress of Vienna declared him an outlaw, and on 25 March, five days after his arrival in Paris, Austria, Prussia, Russia and the United Kingdom, members of the Seventh Coalition, bound themselves to put 150,000 men each into the field to end his rule. This set the stage for the last conflict in the Napoleonic Wars, the defeat of Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo, by Wellington assisted by Blucher, the restoration of the French monarchy for the second time and the permanent exile of Napoleon to the distant island of Saint Helena, where he died in May 1821.
A Superb Indo Persian 17th Century Firangi Sword The name ‘Firangi’ (Foreigner) was given to these swords in the 17th Century, as they were mounted with European (Foreign) blades, which were highly valued. Some blades were locally made in the European style. The blades were mounted on the ‘Khanda’ style hilt and with the long spike extending from the pommel which enabled them to be used as two handed swords. 29 inch blade to hilt, 35 inches overall
A Superb Medieval 13th Century 'Crusades' Iron 'Flanged' Battle Mace A rare example of mace, and it is known that just a few remaining examples of it's type are in existence. An offensive Battle Mace that would be an amazingly effective piece against Armour or shield. In almost spherical form with multi layered protruding flanges in hollow-cast iron. Affixed to a replacement haft. They were also carried as a symbol of power and rank, as it is so now, the Parliamentary Mace and the Queen's great Mace of State being just two examples. In the Crusades era this was, on occasion, also an ecclesiastic symbol [used by Bishops or even Popes], but more usually by Knights in noble combat. The last photo in the gallery is from a 13th century Manuscript that shows Kinghts in combat and one at the rear is using a stylised mace. The mace head is approximately the size of a tennis ball. Set on an old replacement wooden haft.
A Superb Original French Cuirassiers Sword Of Napoleon's Grande Armee RESERVED Maker marked and dated June 1812. Bearing the much desired Versailles stamp to the hilt. Klingenthal marked blade. Superb original leather grip and a very fine double fullered blade. Renown throughout the world of historic sword collectors as probably the biggest and most impressive cavalry sword ever designed. Made in 1812 this would have seen service in the Elite Cuirassiers of Napoleon's great heavy cavalry regiments. The French Invasion of Russia ( Campagne de Russie) began on 24 June 1812 when Napoleon's Grande Armée crossed the Neman River in an attempt to engage and defeat the Russian army. Napoleon hoped to compel Tsar Alexander I of Russia to cease trading with British merchants through proxies in an effort to pressure the United Kingdom to sue for peace. The official political aim of the campaign was to liberate Poland from the threat of Russia. Napoleon named the campaign the Second Polish War to curry favor with the Poles and provide a political pretence for his actions. The Grande Armée was a very large force, numbering nearly half a million men from several different nations. Through a series of long marches Napoleon pushed the army rapidly through Western Russia in an attempt to bring the Russian army to battle, winning a number of minor engagements and a major battle at Smolensk in August. Napoleon hoped the battle would mean an end of the march into Russia, but the Russian army slipped away from the engagement and continued to retreat into Russia, while leaving Smolensk to burn. Plans Napoleon had made to quarter at Smolensk were abandoned, and he pressed his army on after the Russians. The battles continued, but once the winter set in Napoleon's army was facing unsurmountable odds that left it effectively shattered beyond repair. Napoleon fled, it is said, dressed as a woman, and the army left to it's sad and miserable fate. Only around 27,000 were able to return after a mere six months of the Russian campaign. The campaign was a turning point in the Napoleonic Wars. The reputation of Napoleon was severely shaken, and French hegemony in Europe was dramatically weakened. The Grande Armée, made up of French and allied invasion forces, was reduced to a fraction of its initial strength. These events triggered a major shift in European politics. France's ally Prussia, soon followed by Austria, broke their alliance with France and switched camps. This triggered the War of the Sixth Coalition. The Cuirassiers Heavy Cavalry Regiments used the largest men in France, recruited to serve in the greatest and noblest cavalry France has ever had. They fought with distinction at their last great conflict at the Battle of Waterloo in 1815, and most of the Cuirassiers swords in England very likely came from that field of conflict, after the battle, as trophies of war. Every warrior that has ever entered service for his country sought trophies. The Mycenae from a fallen Trojan, the Roman from a fallen Gaul, the GI from a fallen Japanese, the tradition stretches back thousands of years, and will continue as long as man serves his country in battle. In the 1st century AD the Roman Poet Decimus Iunius Iuvenalis [Juvenal] wrote; "Man thirsts more for glory than virtue. The armour of an enemy, his broken helmet, the flag ripped from a conquered trireme, are treasures valued beyond all human riches. It is to obtain these tokens of glory that Generals, be they Roman, Greek or barbarian, brave a thousand perils and endure a thousand exertions". A truly magnificent Napoleonic sword in superb condition for it's age. The largest sword of it's kind that was ever made or used by the world's greatest cavalry regiments. Made at Klingenthal and Versailles. Napoleon's finest and elite regiments, such as this one, came from the Versailles workshop that was personally controlled by Nicholas Boutet, Napoleon's own gunsmith. The cuirassiers were the greatest of all France's cavalry, allowing only the strongest men of over 6 feet in height into it's ranks. The French Cuirassiers were at their very peak in 1815, and never again regained the wonder and glory that they truly deserved at that time. To face a regiment of, say, 600 charging steeds bearing down upon you mounted with armoured giants, brandishing the mightiest of swords that could pierce the strongest breast armour, much have been, quite simply, terrifying. The brass basket guard on this sword is first class, the grip is only shows light wear and superb colour and is fully original, the blade is double fullered and absolutely as crisp as one could hope for. Made in the early Napoleonic War period. A souvenir of Waterloo brought back after the battle. .Just a basic few of the battles this would have been used at were; in 1812 1812: Borodino and Moscow, Ostrowno, and Winkowo 1813: Reichenbach and Dresden, Leipzig and Hanau 1814: La Rothiere, Rosnay, Champaubert, Vauchamps, Athies, La Fere-Champenoise and Paris 1815: Quatre-Bras and Waterloo. The blade is very grey but could easily be bright polished once more. We are leaving as is for those that prefer natural, 200 year old patina, that cannot be replaced once removed.
A Superb Original King Charles the IInd Set of Silver Maundy Money, 1679 Presented by His Majesty King Charles IInd, personally, and all four silver coins bear the matching minting date of 1679, and all are in exceptional, superb, and pristine condition. Four coins from 4 pence [ a groat ], 3 pence 2 pence [a half groat] to 1 penny. King Charles IInd was one of the last monarchs of England to present the coins in person, until 250 years later in 1932. This has to be one of the best, orginal and complete sets we have ever seen, the coins look as crisp as the day they were minted, and have gained that unique, un-polished patina that is so rarely seen, but so desparately sought in early coinage. They have been stored in a delightful bespoke leather case since 1878. The Royal Maundy is an ancient ceremony which has its origin in the commandment Christ gave after washing the feet of his disciples on the day before Good Friday. The commandment (also known as a 'mandatum' from which the word Maundy is derived) ‘that ye love one another’ (John XIII 34) is still recalled regularly by Christian churches throughout the world and the ceremony of washing the feet of the poor which was accompanied by gifts of food and clothing, can be traced back to the fourth century. It seems to have been the custom as early as the thirteenth century for members of the British royal family to take part in Maundy ceremonies, to distribute money and gifts, and to recall Christ's simple act of humility by washing the feet of the poor. The first English monarch to be recorded as giving gifts of small silver coins to the poor was King John, who in 1213 gave 13 pence to each of 13 poor men at a ceremony in Rochester—the number being symbolic of the Twelve Apostles together with either Jesus or an angel. By 1363 the British monarch performed the pedilavium and also gave gifts, with both the number of pence given and the number of recipients equal to the monarch's age: that year, fifty-year-old Edward III gave fifty pence to each of fifty poor men. Henry IV began the practice of relating the number of recipients of gifts to the sovereign's age, and as it became the custom of the sovereign to perform the ceremony, the event became known as the Royal Maundy. Charles I rarely attended the Royal Maundy service. Author Brian Robinson, who traced the development of Royal Maundy, suggests that after the Restoration, his son Charles II attempted to gain popularity by assiduous attendance (and distribution of money) at the service. Charles II even attended during the plague years of 1661 and 1663. His brother and successor, James II performed the ceremony as well. Although there is a record of William III doing so in 1698, most sources state that James was the last to wash the feet of the poor himself, in 1685. There is no record of any attendance by a monarch at the Royal Maundy ceremony after 1698 until 1932.
A Superb Pyrite Nodule, Millennia Old, In Superb Condition A fabulous display piece, incredibly old and resembling a cannon ball or meteorite. A signally interesting conversation piece. Iron Pyrites was made into jewellery by the classical Greeks, as it was by the Inca peoples. It can, like Specular Hematite, be ground and polished to make a highly reflective surface, a technique used in ancient Mexico, where natives used their expertise in stonecraft to create mirrors with one side completely flat, and the other strongly convex; this side was often also decorated with symbols to assist divination. American Indian Medicine Men frequently included Pyrites among their portfolio of treasures, and they were in regular currency as amulets. The ancient Chinese held them to have protective properties and even used them to ward off crocodiles. It is likely that their raditional earth symbol, a golden cube, was inspired by Pyrite. Even today, in some circles, the cube is deemed to represent the element of Earth, and employed as a means of "grounding" or "centring" magical or spiritual energy - in the form of an altar, for example. Pyrites have been used as a source of sparks, hence fire, since prehistoric times: the name itself is derived from the Greek word for fire. They were even employed instead of flint in early firearms. Pyrite nodules, when broken, reveal a solid sunburst of needle-like crystals radiating from the centre. Their shape and colour make them strongly symbolic of the Sun, and they can be employed as decorations to bring a sunlike warmth and brightness into the home. It weighs around 1.5 kilo, 8cm across.
A Superb Quality,18th century Finest English Long Gun, By W Emms Of Oxford Embellished with simply captivating quality silver mounts, of the acme of detailing. One is a stand of arms sideplate, consisting of a campaign tent, helmet, cannon, drums powder kegs, lances, axes and standards. The other is a stand of arms cartouche, decorated with a close helmet, flags, cannon, trumpet and an engraved, white hart, noble crest. It has a stunning quality imported 49 inch Spanish barrel, bearing an inlaid solid gold seal of the maker, Valero, and 5 small star form seal stamps, also in gold [one lacking]. The foresight is silver, in full relief, oand bears the face of a long bearded laughing man. The stock is finest walnut with engraved steel buttcap, trigger guard and a carved horn foreend cap. Full length original ramrod with removable screw thread revealing a ball worm-screw. A percussion conversion action, in very tight and crisp order, signed W.Emms, Oxford. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Superb Queen Anne, Early 18th Century Ivory Topped Walking Cane A wonderful carved ivory top with intermittent baleen inserts. With a small repair at the replaced brass ferrule.
A Superb Regimental Sword of the 20th Hussars, With Battle Honour Blade A fine regimental, bespoke Victorian officers cavalry hussars sword made for an officer of the 20th Hussars. used in Egypt, The Boer War in Africa, and in WWI, as part of the world renown and heroic 'Contemptible Little Army'. This sword was carried in service in the very first cavalry charge of WW1, and then, used in Turkey, during the nationalist uprising, when it was used in the last 'official' cavalry charge of the British Army under General Ironsides' command in 1920. The story of this sword and the regiment; North Africa in 1884, two officers and 43 other ranks volunteered to form part of the Light Camel Regiment raised for service in Egypt against the forces of the Mahdi in the Nile Campaign. In February 1885 two squadrons left Portsmouth to take part in the Suakin Expedition, landing at Suakin in March. Here they were occupied in patrol work and escorting convoys and fought a number of small actions as well as taking part in the battles of Hasheen on 20 March 1885 and Tofrek, two days later. One squadron distinguished itself by saving many of the baggage animals and their drivers, who had been stampeded and were in danger of being wiped out by Dervishes. The remainder of the regiment arrived at Aswan in August, 1885 and three squadrons were present at the Battle of Ginnis on 30 December in that year. During 1887 the 20th left Aswan and returned home in batches leaving in Egypt one squadron which, under Lieutenant Colonel Fraser, took part in the Battle of Gemaizah on 20 December 1888 where they made three charges against the Dervishes. In August, 1889 the same squadron went up the Nile and took part in the decisive Battle of Toski on 3 August, in which they carried out a charge and pursuit of the fleeing enemy. This squadron then left for home and arrived back in Aldershot in 1890. For their services in Egypt the regiment received the battle honour "Suakin 1885" and also that of "Vimiera" in respect of the earlier services of its predecessor, the old 20th Light Dragoons. [edit] The Boer WarThe 20th remained in England until 1896, being garrisoned successively at Woolwich, Norwich, Aldershot and Colchester, and then returned to India where they served uneventfully for the next six years, being stationed throughout this time at Mhow, until they were sent to South Africa to take part in the closing stages of the Boer War. Here they took part in Kitchener's operations against the Boer "commandos" of Transvaal and Orange Free State, participating in the fighting of the early months of 1902. The 20th was at Heilbron in the Orange Free State when peace was declared in May, 1902. Owing to their late arrival in the theatre of operations their casualties were light in the extreme; just eight other ranks lost. They crossed to France on 17 August 1914 with a strength of 24 officers and 519 rank and file to join the rest of the "contemptible little army". The 20th Hussars formed part of the British cavalry that covered the gap between the British Expeditionary Force and the French 5th Army. The regiment They arguably took part in the first cavalry action of the First World War, and became involved in actions that were typical of the role played by cavalry in the great war, the retreat from Mons, the battles of Marne and Aisne and the First battle of Ypres all saw the regiment involved and infantry fighting from the trenches in the Messines area. A battle at Bourlon Wood was complemented with 5 officers and 218 other ranks from the 20th and the regiment saw more dismounted action at Gouzeaucourt in 1917. Foot actions to stem the enemy advance followed the German Spring Offensive of 1918. A return to horses saw the regiment in support of infantry actions as the allied tide turned and the Germans started the return to Germany. A nationalist uprising in Turkey caused the allies to send troops to Constantinople, now Istanbul, and the 20th Hussars found themselves on the Izmit peninsula in 1920 as part of General Ironside's command. The regiment charged Turkish positions near the village of Gebze and successfully routed the enemy. Vimiera, Peninsula, Suakin 1885, South Africa 1901-02 The Great War: Mons, Retreat from Mons, Marne 1914, Aisne 1914, Messines 1914, Ypres 1914 1915, Neuve Chapelle, St. Julien, Bellewaarde, Arras 1917, Scarpe 1917, Cambrai 1917, 1918, Somme 1918, St. Quentin, Lys, Hazebrouck, Amiens, Albert 1918, Bapaume 1918, Hindenburg Line, St. Quentin Canal, Beaurevoir, Sambre, France and Flanders 1914-18
A Superb Solid Silver Hilted American War Of Independence Era Sword Made by one of the great 18th century London silversmiths, in 1782. London was the premier centre for silver in Europe and some of it's finest makers made swords the great and the good of all nations, especially America. This whole sword is made entirely in the manner of one of the greatest British Georgian architects and designers, Robert Adam. With it's typical, gracious, 'Adam' urn pommel, single knucklebow, oval guard, engraved with Adam's swags and tails, and multi wire bound grip, also in solid silver. The entire hilt is detail engraved throughout. The trefoil blade is similarly delightfully elegant yet plain. A fabulous sword of immense beauty and quality in superb overall condition. In 1754 The young student Robert Adam left for Rome, spending nearly five years on the continent studying architecture under Charles-Louis Clérisseau and Giovanni Battista Piranesi. On his return to Britain he established a practice in London, where he was joined by his younger brother James. Here he developed the "Adam Style", and his theory of "movement" in architecture, based on his studies of antiquity and became one of the most successful and fashionable architects in the country. Adam held the post of Architect of the King's Works from 1761 to 1769. His Adam style influenced everything from great building works to furniture silver and jewellery. He created one of the great neo classical styles that was the personification of timeless elegance. At home as much in the 18th century as it is today. A painting in the gallery of Admiral Sir Thomas Graves with his identical 'Adam style' solid silver sword
A Superb Turkish Ottoman Flintlock Pistol A beautiful long barreled horse pistol with fine brass mounts, and a stunning butt cap intricately inlaid with fine silver in superb detail of scrolls and figurative designs. Used from the 18th century, in the Caucasus, and throughout the Ottoman Empire, this fine pistol would have been a highly prized piece, carried on horseback, either in a saddle holster or pushed through the sash belt. The silver inlay reflects the styles and is distinctly inspired by the great English gunsmiths who pioneered such fine silver work in the 18th century, such as Richard Wilson of London. The stock is made from the finest hand carved Turkish walnut [even today Turkey is still the source of the finest walnut for bespoke gunstocks]. This is a very impressive Turkish pistol, and of imposing size. The "golden age" of the Ottoman Empire was during the reign of Suleiman the Magnificent in the 16th Century. In different fields, this can be seen both in the architecture of Koca Mimar Sinan Aga, and in the domination of the Mediterranean by the Ottoman navy, led by Barbarossa Hayreddin Pasha. The Ottoman Empire reached its territorial peak in the 17th century. From a diverse system of Millets, to a multi-ethnic state (Ottomanism), it developed its own distinctive culture, influential both in the European and Islamic worlds.With Istanbul (or Constantinople) as its capital, the Ottoman Empire was in some respects an Islamic successor to earlier Mediterranean empires — the Roman and Byzantine empires. The Empire was the only Islamic power to seriously challenge the rising power of Western Europe between the 15th and 19th centuries. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Superb Victorian 17th Lancers Duke of Cambridge's Own Chapka Plate Other ranks issue. A Chapska plate showing a Royal Coat of Arms on a rayed backing. The Royal Coat of Arms sit above a skull and cross bones devise with the motto Or Glory below, on either side are battle honours for Alma, Balaklava, Inkerman, Sevastopol, Central india and South Africa 1879. Below this is a ribbon with Seventeenth Lancers. Two screw posts to the rear. In December 1857 the 17th arrived in India to reinforce the effort to suppress the Indian rebellion against British rule. By the time the regiment was prepared for service, the rebellion was effectively over, though it did pursue Tantia Topi. During the course of the pursuit, Lieutenant Evelyn Wood earned the Victoria Cross for gallantry on two separate occasions. Tantia Topi was ultimately captured and hanged by the British. The 17th Lancers remained in India until 1863, when it returned to Britain. In India, the 17th became the 17th Regiment of Lancers. When, in 1876, it gained Prince George, Duke of Cambridge as its Colonel-in-Chief, the regiment adopted the title of the 17th (The Duke of Cambridge's Own) Lancers. The 17th was sent to Natal Colony for the Zulu War. On 4 July 1879, the 17th fought at the Battle of Ulundi under Sir Drury Curzon Drury-Lowe. The 17th was posted inside a large British infantry square during the attack by the Zulu Army, which had surrounded the British. When the attack appeared to be wavering, the 17th Lancers were ordered to advance. Their charge routed the warriors with heavy loss. The battle proved to be decisive. The 17th returned to India the same year, remaining there until about 1890 when they returned home. They missed the large pitched battles, but would still see substantial action during the war. In 1900, Sergeant Brian Lawrence won the regiment's fifth and final VC at Essenbosch Farm. The 17th's most significant action was at the Battle of Elands River (Modderfontein) in September 1901. C Squadron of the 17th was attacked by Boers under Jan Smuts whom they mistook for British troops. The Boers took advantage of a mist to encircle the British camp. When Smuts' vanguard ran head on into a Lancer patrol, the British hesitated to fire because many of the Boers wore captured British uniforms. The Boers immediately opened fire and attacked in front while Smuts led the remainder of his force to attack the British camp from the rear. The British party suffered further casualties at a closed gate that slowed them down. All six British officers sustained wounds and four were killed. Only Captain Sandeman, the commanding officer, and Lieutenant Lord Vivian survived. The 17th Lancers had suffered 29 killed and 41 wounded before surrendering, while Boer losses were one killed and six wounded. The 17th returned home in 1902 with the conclusion of the war. The regiment left for India in 1905, where it remained until the First World War. 7.5 inches wide measured straight across.
A Very Attractive 1860's Colt Navy Pocket 5 Shot 'Brevette' .35 Cal Blued steel barrel frame and service replacement cylinder, plated blackstrap and trigger guard. Marked Colt's Patent, and Colt's New York barrel address. A large bore Colt revolver made under licence. A licence that was originally issued by the Colt Manufacturing Co., but often abused by the licenced manufacturers during the 1860's. Manufactured around 1862, A large bore Colt pattern pocket revolver, that was a secondary military weapon, used as an effective backup by men of both sides in the Civil War. A super looking pistol, and the type and pattern of revolver well renown as a highly popular pistol used in the American Civil War by the Confederate States. Guns and revolvers such as this were acquired in great numbers by arms dealers [such as the London Arms Co., et al] to serve the unquenchable thirst the South had for arms, due to it's chronic lack of industrial arms works. However, the pocket Navy type were rarer than most, due to their pocket size but large calibre round. This composite revolver actions well for it's age, and the cylinder has two small cracks on one chamber, so sold as a most attractive piece of historical weaponry as opposed to a perfectly working revolver for an American black powder shooter. S.n. 12311. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Very Attractive British Double Barrel Sporting Gun Of Carbine Length Double Damascus barrels with fully engraved steel mounts and finest walnut stock. Good tight actions. English Damascus barrel is prepared from three rods, twisted as described and put together as shown in the twisted riband, and is known technicallyas three-iron Damascus ; the silver-steel Damascus is similarly made, but of different metal piled in a different order.The rods having been twisted, and the required number welded together, they are sent to the iron-mill and rolled at a red heat into ribands, which have both edges bevelled the same way. There are usually two ribands required for each barrel, one riband or strip to form the breech-end, and another, slightly thinner, to form the fore, or muzzle, part of the barrel. Silver-steel Damascus Barrel. Upon receiving the ribands of twisted iron, the welder first proceeds to twist them into a spiral form. This is done upon a machine of simple construction, consisting simply of two iron bars, one fixed and the other loose ; in the latter there is a notch or slot to receive one end of the riband. When inserted, the bar is turned round by a winch-handle. The fixed bar prevents the riband from going round, so that it is bent and twisted over the movable rod like the pieces of leather round a whip-stock. The loose bar is removed, the spiral taken fromit, and the same process repeated with another riband. The ribands are usually twisted cold, but the breech-ends, if heavy, have to be brought to a red heat before it is possible to twist them, no cogs being used.When very heavy barrels are required, three ribands are used;one for the breech-end, one for the centre, and one for the muzzle-piece. The ends of the ribands, after being twisted into spirals, are drawn out taper and coiled round with the spiral until the extremity is lost, as shown in the representation of a coiled breech-piece of Damascus iron. The coiled riband is next heated, a steel mandrel inserted in the muzzle end, and the coil is welded by hammering. Three men are required one to hold and turn the coil upon the grooved anvil, and two to strike. The foreman, or the one who holds the coil, has also a small hammer with which he strikes the coil, to show the others in which place to strike. When taken from the fire the coil is first beaten upon an iron plate fixed in the floor, and the end opened upon a swage, or the pene of the anvil, to admit of the mandrel being inserted. When the muzzle or fore-coil has been heated, jumped up, and hammered until thoroughly welded, the breech-end or coil, usually about six inches long, is joined to it. The breech-coil is first welded in the same manner, and a piece is cut out of each coil; the two ribands are welded together and the two coils are joined into one, and form a barrel. The two coils being joined, and all the welds made perfect, the barrels are heated, and the surplus metal removed with a float; the barrels are then hammered until they are black or nearly cold, which finishes the process. This hammering greatly increases the density and tenacity of the metal, and the wear of the barrel depends in a great measure upon its being properly performed. When the barrels are for breech-loaders, the flats are formed on the undersides of the breech-ends. If an octagon barrel is required, it is forged in this form upon Portion of Gun-barrel Coil. A properly shaped anvil; in rifles the barrels are welded from thicker ribands and welded upon smaller mandrels. 24 inch barrels
A Very Beautiful 18th Century French Flintlock Circa 1740 With a very fine and fabulous looking tiger stripe maple wood stock, bearing a superb patina. Signed lock and all steel mounts. Long eared buttcap typical of the 1740's period flintlocks that saw service in the Anglo French Seven Years War in Europe and America. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Very Fine 1796 Light Dragoon Sabre By Gill, & Monogrammed I. C. A British Battle of Waterloo & Peninsular War Period Dragoon Combat Sabre. Bearing the owners initials I.C.. A mighty swash buckling sabre from the era of the great Napoleonic Wars, The Peninsular War and Waterloo. With good traditional form blade, steel P hilt with ribbed grip. General signs of combat use and age wear, excellent blade with makers name, Gill and Warranted. Combat sword cuts to the edge. No scabbard. A traditional sabre of the British Cavalry Light Dragoons. An amazingly effective sword of good stout quality. British Light dragoons were first raised in the 18th century. Initially they formed part of a cavalry regiment (scouting, reconnaissance etc), but due to their successes in this role, (and also in charging and harassing the enemy), they soon acquired a reputation for courage and skill. Whole regiments dedicated to this role were soon raised; the 15th Light Dragoons 1759 were the first, followed by the 18th Light Dragoons and the 19th Light Dragoons. The 13th Light Dragoons were initially heavy dragoons known as Richard Munden’s Regiment of Dragoons 1715. By 1751 the regiment title was simplified to the 13th Regiment of Dragoons and by 1783 had been converted to the light role. In 1796 a new form of sabre was designed by a brave and serving officer, Le Marchant. Le Marchant commanded the cavalry squadron during the Flanders campaign against the French (1793-94). Taking notice of comments made to him by an Austrian Officer describing British Troopers swordplay as "reminiscent of a farmer chopping wood", he designed a new light cavalry sword to improve the British cavalryman's success. It was adopted by the Army in 1797 and was used for 20 years. Le Marchant was highly praised by many for his superb design and he further developed special training and exercise regimes. King George IIIrd was especially impressed and learnt them all by heart and encouraged their use throughout the cavalry corps. For a reward Le Marchant was promoted to Lt Colonel and given command of the 7th Light Dragoons. He soon realized that the course for educating the officers in his own regiment would spread no further in the Army without suitably trained instructors. His vision was to educate officers at a central military college and train them in the art of warfare. Despite many objections and prejudices by existing powerful members of the establishment, he gained the support of the Duke of York in establishing the Royal Military College, later to become the Royal Military Academy, Sandhurst and the Army Staff College. In 1804 Le Marchant received the personal thanks of King George who said "The country is greatly indebted to you." In 1811, when nearing completion of this task, he was removed from his post as Lieutenant Governor of the College by Lord Wellington to command the heavy cavalry in the Peninsula. Appointed as Major General, he arrived in Lisbon fifteen days after leaving Portsmouth. On 22nd July 1812, Lord Wellington and the Allied Army of 48,500 men and 60 cannon were situated at Salamanca, Spain, against the French Commander Marshal Marmont. Wellington had ordered his baggage trains westwards to provide a covering force in the event of a full scale retreat, however Marmont mistakenly took the movement to be the retreat of the Army itself and ordered eight divisions of Infantry and a cavalry division westwards in an attempt to outflank the retreat. Wellington on seeing the enemy's army now spread out over four miles and therefore losing it's positional advantage, ordered the full attack. Le Marchant, at the head of one thousand British cavalry rode at a gallop towards the surprised French infantrymen, who had no time to form squares, and reduced their numbers greatly. The Heavy Brigade had received thorough training under Le Marchant and on reforming their lines charged repeatedly, until five battalions of the French left wing had been destroyed. After twenty minutes, in the final charge, Le Marchant fell from his horse having received a fatal musket shot and General Packenham who watched the attack later remarked " the fellow died sabre in hand...giving the most princely example". Two days later, he was buried, in his military cloak, near an olive grove where he had fallen. Aged forty-six John Le Marchant was buried on the field of battle, however, a monument to him was erected in St Paul's Cathedral, London. The survival today of this sword is a testament to the now little known British hero, who, in many ways transformed the way that cavalry sword combat, and many military tactics were conducted for many decades after his valorous death. His fearsome sabre was, it is said, so feared by the French that protests were submitted to the British government stating that it was simply too gruesome for use in civilized warfare. Photo in the gallery of a Peninsular period 7th Light Dragoon [later known as Hussars] wearing his 'Le Marchant' designed Sabre identical to this example. We are at present doing research on the initials to try to find it's possible owner during the Napoleonic Wars.
A Very Fine 1830's William IVth Royal Naval Midshipman's Sword Midshipman's swords are very scarce indeed as, in our experience, as over 99% of all midshipman weaponry that survives from the 19th century are much smaller naval dirks. A sword used in the days when 100 gunner warships-of-the-line still sailed the seven seas, masters of all the oceans and respected by all navy's around the world. This little beauty has nearly all the original fire gilt still remaining to the hilt. It has a deluxe etched pipe back blade with royal crown and naval anchor and script banners stating Warranted London Made. A most elegant and charming light, small grade sword, ideal for the young Royal Navy midshipmen that fought in combat, alongside his bother officers and crew, from as young 11 years old. With a fully etched pipe-back blade, from long before the era of the Crimean War. In the 1790's midshipmen were as young as 9, in 1812 the age was increased to 13 but officer's son's could be two years younger. Once a boy reached 15 he became what was known as an 'Oldster' and officially rated. A picture in the gallery of a young Midshipman, Augustus Brine, 1782 by John Singleton Copley (1738-1815) 32 inches long overall, 27 inch long blade,.75 inch wide at the forte No scabbard. A midshipman is an officer cadet, or a commissioned officer of the lowest rank, in the Royal Navy, United States Navy, and many Commonwealth navies. Commonwealth countries which use the rank include Australia, New Zealand, South Africa. The rank was also used, prior to 1968, by the Royal Canadian Navy, but upon the creation of the Canadian Forces the rank of midshipman was replaced with the rank of naval cadet. In the 17th century, a midshipman was a rating for an experienced seaman, and the word derives from the area aboard a ship, amidships, either where the original rating worked on the ship, or where he was berthed. Beginning in the 18th century, a commissioned officer candidate was rated as a midshipman, and the seaman rating began to slowly die out. By the Napoleonic era (1793–1815), a midshipman was an apprentice officer who had previously served at least three years as a volunteer, officer's servant or able seaman, and was roughly equivalent to a present day petty officer in rank and responsibilities. After serving at least three years as a midshipman or master's mate, he was eligible to take the examination for lieutenant. Promotion to lieutenant was not automatic and many midshipmen took positions as master's mates for an increase in pay and responsibility aboard ship. Midshipmen in the United States Navy were trained and served similarly to midshipman in the Royal Navy, although unlike their counterparts in the Royal Navy, a midshipman was a warrant officer rank until 1912.
A Very Fine 18th Century Silver Inlaid and Niello Caucasian Cossack Pistol With a very fine Persian barrel, bearing two islamic script seal marks. The top and bottom of the stock are mounted with two niello silver straps covering the barrel tang and the trigger, and the sideplate is in matching niello. The body of the stock is profusely inlaid with silver. It has a miquelet action with a very tight and strong spring. Steel long eared butt and steel trigger. This is a truly wondrous piece and it's quality is most fine.
A Very Fine Carved Horn Walking Cane With Gold Plated Ferrule Ebonized cane. Victorian to Edwardian period.
A Very Fine Ching Dynasty Chinese Silver Mounted Dragon Trousse A multi funtioning trousse of eating instruments. Mounted in silver over fine polished wood. Plain chopsticks, and silver mounted cutting knife. The Ching Dynasty [spelt Qing] also known as the Manchu Dynasty, was the last ruling dynasty of China from 1644 to 1911. This piece was from around the late 18th to mid 19th century. It is a thoroughly charming piece of super quality, and a fine example. For both general and travelling use. As travelling, was at that time of course, incalculably slower than is now taken for granted. The simplest of distances, say 10 miles, could take days, and of course the higher ranks, [i.e. Mandarins etc] had no restrictions for travel that the peasantry had. Some were not permitted to travel more than 1/2 mile from their birth for all their lives without an official pass from their master. All fitted together in it's case it is 12.5 inches long. The knife is 11.5 inches long . Silver coloured metal, not hallmarked English silver. 12.5 inches long overall.
A Very Fine Cut Steel 1780 King George IIIrd Short Sabre This is a simply beautiful and elegant sword in superb condition. The blade has the mystical talisman symbols of faced suns, crescent faced moons, and stars, combined with stands of arms. Cut steel scroll half basket guard with a ribbed carved horn grip, bound with twisted copper wire.
A Very Fine Ivory Hilted Hunting Sword As Used By Senior Naval Officers in the 17th and 18th centuries. Spiral carved ivory hilt and, traditionally of the time, stained green. The mounts are solid hallmarked silver and the blade very finely engraved. An almost identical sword was once the property of the famous explorer of the seas Captain Cook, and another was once carried by General Wolfe of Quebec. The picture in the gallery is of those two officer's swords. Captain Cook's sword is in Glenbow Museum. Another painting is of Capt Cook's death.
A Very Fine Mid 19th Century Silver Plated Shell Dish, Set on 3 Feet. In superb condition, probably made by Elkington and Co. Beautifully crafted and of sublime quality. 5 x 5 x1,5 inches
A Very Fine Scarce King William IVth Infantry Officer's Gothic Hilted Sword With almost all of it's original mercurial gilt finish still present. Fabulous gothic pattern pierced hilt with the cypher of King Willaim. Wire bound fishskin hilt. Plain pipe backed steel blade. This 1822 pattern sword was made in the 1830's and used in the Crimean War and in the Zulu War. This is truly a singularly beautiful, high quality example with a stunning near mint hilt, a hilt that retains nearly all it's original fire gilt. Lt Bromhead VC of the 24th carried this very form of sword in the Rorkes Drift battle, made famous in Micheal Caine's film ZULU
A Very Fine Turkish Ottoman Ivory Hilted Sword of Constantinople Fancy cast brass hilt with wire bound carved ivory grip, steel blade with highly decorative fancy etching including stands of arms and the Turkish Crescent and Star. The blade also has the maker or suppliers mark of Vahram Tagirian of Costantinople. The Germanic style of the sword hilt falls into place in the latter part of the Ottoman Empire with it's alliance with the Kaiser. Beginning in the 1880s, the Ottoman Empire entered into diplomatic relationships, and later military alliance, with Imperial Germany. The Turks wanted to modernize their ramshackle, obsolescent army and build up their navy. The Germans wanted, among other things, a rail link between themselves and the Levant, for strategic and economic reasons. The equipment of the Turkish Army became Germanized. In 1887, the Ottomans adopted the first of four models of Mauser repeating rifles (total number of variations was seven including carbines) to replace the British and American-made single shots previously used. During this period, regulation swords on the German style were adopted, and the kilij became a thing of the past except in irregular militia formations. The same pattern could be seen in the Ottomans' choice of artillery, saddlery and harness, ships, and even band instruments. German officers, such as Limon von Sanders, went to Istanbul to supervise the re-training of the Turkish officer corps. The effort was not entirely successful, due to cultural inertia, and personality clashes between the two peoples. When war between Turkey and Bulgaria broke out in 1911-12, the Ottoman forces took a terrible drubbing from the Russian-backed Bulgarians. During World War I, the Ottomans made the ill-advised decision to ally with Germany, and suffered the consequences of ending up on the losing side. By the early 1920's, the Ottoman Empire, the "Devlet Aliyeh" or Exalted Dynasty, was no more.
A Very Fine Victorian Long Service Good Conduct Medal Awarded to a Battery Quarter Master Sergeant in the Royal Field Artillery, the 1873 issue Medal.
A Very Fine, Victorian, Unwin and Rodgers Patent Pistol-Knife, Circa 1837 A highly desireable percussion action gadget gun, that emcompasses the field of rare knives, rare guns, and, patented, combination & gadget weaponry collecting [also known as firearm curiosa]. Philip Unwin and his partner James Rodgers were Unwin and Rodgers, and they were a famous Victorian Sheffield knife cutlers, and for a brief period they made these very fine and most interesting combination knife-guns in percussion action [the later type were in rimfire]. This is a particularly fine example, with the early pattern blade mark, and all complete with the concealed accessories. Solid nickle barrel with Birmingham proof marks, carved horn side plates, folding trigger and two folding blades. Unwin & Rodgers was known for interesting markings on their guns. This marking "NON-XLL" when read aloud, becomes "non-excelled" meaning "without peer".Very good condition overall, very small piece of horn plate missing. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Very Fine. 19th Century Shaped Copper Powder Flask With good adjustable spout measure and tight spring.
A Very Good & Beautiful British 1796 Infantry Sword Named To The Officer Named to Lieutenant Edgecombe, with his regiment, the West Kent. This is a superb sword with an ancestral back sword blade from a Highland regimental sword of the 1750's, made by Drury. The gilt on this sword is very good indeed, and the blade is GR Drury stamped on both blade faces. One may assume it was carried by his father and/or grandfather in his military service in a Highland regiment. There may be a connection the 2nd son of the Earl of Edgecombe who served in the 1st Foot Guards [the Grenadier Guards] at Waterloo.
A Very Good 1790's Steel Hilted British Rifles Officer's Sword. All steel hilt, original deeply exaggerated curved flat sided blade, steel 'P' hilt with original wire bound leather grip. A beautifual sword in lovely condition for age. Prior to the 1803 pattern sword, the British Light Infantry regiment's officers of the 95th, 60th & 52nd etc. had the option to purchase and carry the standard 1796 Infantry sword, but many felt it's blade was to narrow, straight and ineffective. Another design was quickly created based on the highly popular 1796 Light Dragoon officers sword, but with a slightly shorter and more curved blade. Used by Officer's of the 95th and 60th Rifles, during the Iberian Peninsular War, the American War of 1812 and The Battle of Waterloo. This is the pattern of British Officer's sword carried by gentlemen who relished the idea of combat, but found the standard 1796 Infantry pattern sword too light for good combat. The light infantry regiments were made up of officers exactly of that mettle. The purpose of the rifles light infantry regiments was to work as skirmishers. The riflemen and officers were trained to work in open order and be able to think for themselves. They were to operate in pairs and make best use of natural cover from which to harass the enemy with accurately aimed shots as opposed to releasing a mass volley, which was the orthodoxy of the day. The riflemen of the 95th were dressed in distinctive dark green uniforms, as opposed to the bright red coats of the British Line Infantry regiments. This tradition lives on today in the regiment’s modern equivalent, The Royal Green Jackets. The standard British infantry and light infantry regiments fought in all campaigns during the Napoleonic Wars, seeing sea-service at the Battle of Copenhagen, engaging in most major battles during the Peninsular War in Spain, forming the rear-guard for the British armies retreat to Corunna, serving as an expeditionary force to America in the War of 1812, and holding their positions against tremendous odds at the Battle of Waterloo. .The sword was used, in combat, in some of the greatest and most formidable battles ever fought by the British Army during the Napoleonic Wars in Europe the Peninsular Campaign and Waterloo. This is a very attractive sword indeed and highly desirable, especially for devotees of the earliest era of the British Rifle Regiments, such as the 95th and the 60th. As a footnote, in Bernard Cornwall's books of 'Sharpe of the 95th', this is the Sabre Major Sharpe would have carried if he hadn't used the Heavy Cavalry Pattern Troopers Sword, given to him in the story in the first novel. Overall this battle cum dress sword is in very good order and quite stunning. Overall in very nice condition indeed. Overall length, some small wire losses to binding on grip.
A Very Good 1840's British Naval Cutlass Made By Wilkinson of Pall Mall Used in the Royal Navy in time when it ruled the oceans and patroled the Empire around the globe, in full masted sailing ships and the earliest Iron Clad battleships. Used in the Crimean War period and the Indian Mutiny. The P1845 cutlass ended the long 100 year tradition and era of the figure 8 hilt and flat straight blade. The P1845 had a 50+ year service life with only a slight modification to shorten the blade in 1889. This very nice example has an unmodified original length blade.
A Very Good 1899 Pattern Cavalry Troopers Sword 5th Dragoon Guards A Great 'Siege of Ladysmith' Sword. Issued in 1899 with '99 date. Regimentally marked for C troop the 5th Dragoon Guards, sword number 6. A great example with it's natural, brown, aged patinated finish, superb bright steel blade, with very good markings and inspection stamps. Made by Enfield. Very good original scabbard with only minor denting. In rough outline the situation at the outbreak of the Second Boer War in South Africa was that there were very few British troops in that country—only two cavalry regiments, about a brigade of infantry with ancillary arms and services, and some Irregular auxiliary units, all in Natal, totalling about seven thousand fighting men, under the command of General Penn-Symonds. This handful of troops could not be reinforced by an expedition from England until mid-November at the earliest, but it was hoped to get the Indian Contingent—approximately equal in strength to Penn-Symonds' force—to Africa by mid-October. For the first two months of war, therefore, the Boers, who were thought to have a potential strength of from forty to fifty thousand, were in theory able to concentrate in superior force to the British: in fact, the lack of any effective system of organization and administration in the enemy's forces prevented them from undertaking, any large-scale strategic enterprise. Nevertheless, by the time the Indian Contingent had arrived and a small British Expedition under command of General Sir George White had reached Ladysmith to join hands with Penn-Symonds at Dundee, the Boers had been able to stage an invasion of Natal. Some forty thousand strong, the commandos crossed the border in two main columns the Transvaalers via Laing's Nek, the Orange Free Staters via Van Reenan's Pass. By mid-October the Boers had seized Talana Hill and were commanding Dundee. Attacking Talana on 10th October, Penn-Symonds had some initial success—at heavy cost in the face of heavy rifle fire of surprising range and accuracy—but in the end the attack failed; Penn-Symonds was killed and his troops fell back towards Ladysmith, where Sir George White placed himself so as to block the main line of the enemy's supply, though by so doing he ran the risk of being pinned down by greatly superior numbers. Next day a small force of all arms organized under the command of General French,advancing to join hands with the troops falling back on Ladysmith, had a brisk engagement at Elandslaagte, in the course of which "D" Squadron, 5th Dragoon Guards,and one squadron of the 5th Lancers, both squadrons under command of Lieutenant-Colonel St. John Gore, 5th Dragoon Guards, got an opportunity to make a charge. Because of the rough, broken ground and because the Boers were in a very scattered formation, the charge went in not knee-to-knee but in extended files: nevertheless, it was completely successful and went through the enemy to a depth of some two miles. The squadrons then rallied, wheeled, and charged back through the scattered remnants, killing large numbers of Boers with lance, sword and revolver. The enemy could not face cold steel—that was not their style of fighting—and fled in all directions; only the onset of darkness saved their forces from complete destruction. As the result of this very successful engagement (which at the time was quoted as a model of tactical co-operation between all arms) the British forces were enabled concentrate at Ladysmith, where, on 26th October, all three squadrons of the 5th Dragoon Guards were once more united. After a long, trying spell of reconnaissance and outpost duty the regiment took part in an action which aimed at destroying the left flank of the Boer position overlooking Ladysmith. The attack was a failure and the chief role of the cavalry was to cover the infantry retirement. During the course of the action an officer of the regiment, Lieutenant Norwood, earned the award of the Victoria Cross for rescuing a wounded man under fire. Lieutenant Norwood galloped back about 300 yards through heavy fire, dismounted, and, picking up the fallen trooper, carried him out of fire on his back, at the same time leading his horse with one hand. The enemy kept up an incessant fire during the whole time that Lieutenant Norwood was carrying the man until he was quite out of range. A few days later there was a similar incident when Lieutenant the Honourable R. L. Pomeroy remained behind with a dismounted trooper and under heavy fire took him up on his horse and brought him back. General Brocklehurst, who was in command of the cavalry after the withdrawal of General French to Cape Colony to direct the cavalry of the main army, saw the incident and wished to recommend it for recognition; however, the matter went no farther—"quite rightly," as Pomeroy himself wrote in the regimental history, "for any other officer in the regiment would have acted just as I did." The British attempts to control the situation in the Ladysmith area failed. On 12th October twelve hundred British infantry were surrounded and compelled to surrender at Nicholson's Nek. White withdrew his remaining forces to the town and by the beginning of November he was completely hemmed in, unable to move back to join hands with the main body which was arriving at Cape Town, and left with no option but to endure siege as best he might. The cavalry camp within the perimeter at Ladysmith was in full view of the Boer gunners, so each morning the regiments saddled up and exercised in the dark and afterwards, about first light, moved stealthily out to positions of concealment. The 5th Dragoon Guards found themselves some dead ground which they named Green Horse Valley, and here breakfasts used to be eaten and the normal routine of stables, orderly room and so on carried out under cover until dark, when the march back to camp was made. Shelters and splinter-proofs were improvised and field kitchens built, and in time the accommodation became fairly comfortable: but the supply situation was far from good. By Christmas, food and drink were running short, and tobacco had been replaced by dried twigs and juniper leaves. By now the situation in Ladysmith was becoming extremely serious, and in January the rations were still further cut, and all save seventy-five of the regiment's horses were turned out to grass to save forage. As a compensation for their loss of mobility the squadrons were given rifles and bayonets and allotted a permanent sector of the defences. On the arrival of Lord Roberts to take over the chief command, the whole campaign was reorganized, and on 28th February, 1900, Buller, with strong reinforcements, was at last successful in effecting the relief of Ladysmith. An attempt to pursue the retreating Boers was made next day by the one squadron which was all that the regiment could mount, but the horses were so weak from under-feeding that they could not sustain the effort: the leading troop did succeed in getting sufficiently close to their enemy for the troop leader, Lieutenant Dunbar, to have his horse shot under him before the attempt had to be abandoned. Thus ended the siege of Ladysmith, which cost the 5th Dragoon Guards two officers and thirty-six men killed or died of sickness (enteric fever and dysentery were rife during the siege); four officers wounded and eight invalided home. Between May and November the 5th Dragoon Guards operated in many areas—in the Magaliesberg; Ventersdorp; Klerksdorp; Potchefstroom; in Natal on the Zululand frontier about Volksnist, then back to Standerton to make a forced march of sixty miles in a vain attempt to help a column which had got into trouble at Trigardsfontein. At the beginning of December they were back in Pretoria, refitting for an expedition to the southern Transvaal. It was an active life. : Major-General Roger Evans,
A Very Good 19th C. English Percussion Pistol, Tutaneg Frame & Steel Barrel Micro chequered finest walnut butt with rub-over tutaneg butt cap. Tutaneg frame with very nice quality scroll engraving and a dolphin hammer. Turn-off barrel for breech loading. Tutaneg was an exotic imported metal and popular in the 18th to 19th century. It was referred as such in Voyages and Descriptions by the great Capt. William Dampier. [1652-1715]. And in Daniel Defoe's book of The Adventures of Robert Drury. It resembled silver but stronger like nickel, and was a metal used in England for small items of interest where silver was not practical. It's use died out in the 19th century. William Dampier was the first Englishman to explore parts of what is today Australia, and the first person to circumnavigate the world three times. He has also been described as Australia's first natural historian, as well as one of the most important British explorers of the period between Sir Walter Raleigh and James Cook. After impressing the British Admiralty with his book, A New Voyage Round the World, Dampier was given command of a Royal Navy ship and made important discoveries in western Australia, but was court-martialled for cruelty. On a later voyage, he rescued Alexander Selkirk, a former crewmate who may have inspired Daniel Defoe's Robinson Crusoe. Others influenced by Dampier include James Cook, Lord Nelson, Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace. It was the type of pistol as was used by the ilk of Charles Darwin during the voyages around the globe when an ideal personal protector was required in exotic locations.
A Very Good 19th Century Continental Infantry Sword Probably French, used from the Napoleonic era into the Crimean War period. The sword has no markings at all so it may have been a captured weapon with all original markings removed. A very nice original sword in very nice condition indeed. Complete with it's original scabbard. A very sound and attractive continental sabre of the 19th century
A Very Good 19th Century Masai Warrior's Lion Hunter's Long Spear Head With superb patina. The spear has long been the weapon of choice of the Maasai. It is used to defend cattle, community and the warrior himself against wild animals and invaders. Constructed from wood and iron, it is deemed to be the single most valued personal possession after livestock. There are countless romanticized tales that center around these tall, imposing Maasai giants, fighting courageously against man and beast. They are the mighty lion hunters of Africa, brave of heart and the able assassins of any human attacker. In fact, it is the dream of every Maasai warrior to kill an enemy by dispatching a deadly spear wound to the front torso. In doing so he would gain the highest honor from his kinsmen. The lengthened long lion hunting spear offered here is a classic Maasai favorite. The 42 inch long heavy iron spear head was designed specially to bring down lions. The weapon has a three piece configuration. The spear heads are attached by hardened wax to the wooden grip
A Very Good American Allen and Thurber Pepperbox Revolver Circa 1840 Nicely engraved multi barreled revolver made by a good American maker, Allen and Thurber in Norwich Connecticut. Good tight action and in great condition for it's age. Six revolving barrels with a nipple shield. Bar hammer and fine scroll engraving on the frame. Maker marked on the hammer bar, and 1837 patent and cast steel stamped on the barrel rib. American pepperbox revolvers of that era are rarely seen in the UK these days, and pepperbox revolvers are always highly collectable, as they represent most interesting examples of the first rung on the evolutionary ladder of the modern age revolver. The pepperbox was probably the most sought after multi-shot handgun during the 1840-1850 decade, being as the Colt revolver was just gaining popularity and gearing up for serious production …and the pepperbox was carried in substantial quantities in California during the Gold Rush era. Most likely many pepperboxes were also still being carried as personal defense weapons during the Civil War by soldiers who were not affluent enough to afford a then more conventional revolver. The Pepper-box, known as the "Gun that won the East", was the most desirable repeating handgun prior to the invention of the revolving cylinder. Its name may have been coined by Samuel Clemens. As with all our antique guns, no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Very Good British 1742 Infantry Hanger, With Very Rare Original Scabbard This is a truly exceptional example of these rare, and well sought after early swords of the renown British Infantry. With an very good ordnance crown marked blade, and also, a crown TG stamp makers stamp, and it's original crown stamped scabbard, also, most probably a crown TG mark. This is a rare regulation pattern 1742 sword, used in the battle of Culloden and the French & Indian, 7 Years War period. Although they had only officially been of regulation issue for three years, they were used extensively used by the British infantry at the battle of Culloden, in the Jacobite Rebellion, in 1746. An almost identical sword is pictured in George Neumann's famous book "Swords And Blades of the American Revolution". This was the main sidearm of the British Army in the Mid 18th Century. A sword of the ‘Hanger’ type, the short 28” blade is slightly curved, single-edged blade. The heart shaped hilt is entirely cast in brass with the grip in pitch covered, canvas strip binding. We have seen this kind of binding a few times before on early 18th century naval cutlass, that have needed repair or rebinding to their grips. A thin cotton cavas sheet was stripped and wound around the grip, then a thin layer of black pitch covering the canvas strip repair. This type of weapon was used extensively by private soldiers and sergeants during the wars with France in the early 18th century and during the 1745 Jacobite Rebellion including the battle of Culloden. This model is sometimes referred to as the ‘American Sword’ as it was supplied in large quantities to the American colonies by the British Government. Due to this many of them stayed in American hands and it became widely used by the American Revolutionaries. There is a most similar though relic example, in Dean Castle, that was found in Auchinleck , Scotland, near Cumnock and may have belonged to one of the local militia or even to a soldier from the Earl of Loudoun's Regiment who formed part of the Government forces which faced the Jacobites at Culloden. Little more than the brass hilt survived of that particular weapon and their steel blade had fared less well over it's time spent in the ground.
A Very Good British 1796 British Infantry Officer's Sword With almost all the original gilt present on the hilt. Silver wire bound grip. Fully engraved blade with royal cyphers of King George IIIrd. Used during the Peninsular War in Spain, the American War in 1812, and the Battle of Waterloo era. Quite a few examples survive till today of this pattern of sword from this era, but, very few indeed survive in good condition, with a lot of it's deluxe mercurial fire gilt and blueing remaining. The sword was introduced by General Order in 1796, replacing the previous 1786 Pattern. It was similar to its prececesor in having a spadroon blade, i.e. one straight, flat backed and single edged with a single fuller on each side. The hilt gilt brass with a knucklebow, vestigial quillon and a twin-shell guard somewhat similar in appearance to that of the smallswords which had been common civilian wear until shortly before this period. The pommel was urn shaped and, in many examples, the inner guard was hinged to allow the sword to sit against the body more comfortably and reduce wear to the officer's uniform. Blades could be deluxe decorated with engraving, blue and pure gold décor, but less than 1% of those with finest blue and gilt blades survive today.
A Very Good British 1853 Pat. Trooper's Battle Sword Of the Crimean War A very good British 1853 pattern 'Heavy & Light Cavalry Sabre' in original steel battle scabbard. The blade is good with a small hole at the mid section near which is the shape of an opponent's blade tip penetration, the scabbard very good with natural age patina. The British Cavalry were issued with the 1853 pattern just before many regiments, including, the 4th, 8th, 11th, and the 13th Hussars, were sent to the Crimean War. In the Crimean War (1854-56), the 13th Light Dragoons were in the forefront of the famous Charge of the Light Brigade, immortalized by Tennyson's poem of that name ("Into the valley of death rode the six hundred"). The regiments adopted the title hussars at this time, and the uniform became very stylish, aping the hussars of the Austro-Hungarian army. But soon the blues and yellows and golds gave way to khaki as the British army found itself in skirmishes throughout the far-flung Empire, in India and South Africa especially. In 1854 the regiment received its orders from the War Office to prepare for service overseas. Five transport ships - Harbinger, Negotiator, Calliope, Cullodon, and the Mary Anne – embarking between the 8 May and 12 May, carried 20 officers, 292 other ranks and 298 horses. After a troubled voyage, the regiment arrived at Varna, Bulgaria on the 2 June. On the 28 August the entire Light Brigade (consisting of the 4th Light Dragoons and 13th Light Dragoons, 17th Lancers, the 8th Hussars and 11th Hussars, under the command of Major General the Earl of Cardigan) were inspected by Lord Lucan; five men of the 13th had already succumbed to cholera. On the 1 September the regiment embarked for the Crimea - a further three men dying en-route. On the 20 September the regiment, as part the Light Brigade, took part in the first major engagement of the Crimean War, the Battle of the Alma. The Light Brigade covered the left flank, although the regiment’s role in the battle was minimal. With the Russians in full retreat by late afternoon, Lord Lucan ordered the Light Brigade to pursue the fleeing enemy. However, the brigade was recalled by Lord Raglan as the Russians had kept some 3,000 uncommitted cavalry in reserve. During the 25 October the regiment, as part of the Light Brigade, took part in the Battle of Balaclava and the famous Charge of the Light Brigade. The 13th Light Dragoons formed the right of the front line along with the on the left. The 13th and 17th moved forward; after 100 yards the 11th Hussars, in the second line, also moved off followed by the 4th and 8th. It was not long before the brigade came under heavy Russian fire. Lord Cardigan, at the front of his men, charged into the Russian guns receiving a slight wound. He was soon followed by the 13th and 17th. The two squadrons of the 13th and the right squadron of the 17th were soon cutting down the artillerymen that had remained at their posts. Once the Russian guns had been passed, they engaged in a hand-to-hand fighting with the enemy that was endeavouring to surround them by closing in on either flank. However, the Light Brigade having insufficient forces and suffering heavy casualties, were soon forced to retire. The sword has very good regimental troop markings, a good stout combat blade, pitted and a superbly patinated scabbard. Leather 5 rivet grip, triple bar guard. Also as an interesting twist in the 1853 sword's history, shipments of them were sold to the Confederate states during the American Civil War and saw extensive service in that struggle.
A Very Good British, Napoleonic Wars Officer's-Duelling Flintlock Pistol. Napoleonic Wars Era fine English flintlock, made by Dunderdale, Mabson and Labron. With original ivory tipped ramrod. Lock signed and with rolling frizzen. Good action and finely engraved brass mounts with pineapple finial trigger guard. Fine juglans regia walnut stock. Used by an officer in the Peninsular campaign and the Battle of Waterloo era. Good working action15 inches long overall. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Very Good Early 19th Century 'Blue and Gilt' Bladed Sword Stick In most innocent looking bamboo, of very nice quality, with a stunning short rapier blade of trefoil shape, with superb blue and gilt engraved décor that is in excellent condition. In the King George IIIrd period 'blue and gilt' engraved blade decor was reserved only for the very highest levels of society, for officer's and gentlemen of status, due, mainly, to it's great cost.
A Very Good Early 19th Century Cossack Kindjal Sword Signed Blade With a very rare feature of quality, a very fine carved one piece carved horn grip with two steel rivets, [99% of them have two thin panel grips rivetted either side of the tang]. Very good two fullered blade off set from centre, with signed script cartouche. Original leather covered iron mounted scabbard. As worn by all the Cossacks, such as, for example the Kuban Cossacks (Russian Kubanskiye Kazaki). They were Cossacks who lived in the Kuban region of Russia. Although numerous Cossack groups came to inhabit the Western Northern Caucasus most of the Kuban Cossacks are descendants of the Black Sea Cossack Host, (originally the Zaporozhian Cossacks) and the Caucasus Line Cossack Host. The Kuban Cossack Host was the administrative and military unit from 1860-1918. The native land of the Cossacks is defined by a line of Russian/Ruthenian town-fortresses located on the border with the steppe and stretching from the middle Volga to Ryazan and Tula, then breaking abruptly to the south and extending to the Dnieper via Pereyaslavl. This area was settled by a population of free people practicing various trades and crafts. These people, constantly facing the Tatar warriors on the steppe frontier, received the Turkic name Cossacks (Kazaks), which was then extended to other free people in northern Russia. The oldest reference in the annals mentions Cossacks of the Russian city of Ryazan serving the city in the battle against the Tatars in 1444. In the 16th century, the Cossacks (primarily those of Ryazan) were grouped in military and trading communities on the open steppe and started to migrate into the area of the Don (source Vasily Klyuchevsky, The course of the Russian History, vol.2). Cossacks served as border guards and protectors of towns, forts, settlements and trading posts, performed policing functions on the frontiers and also came to represent an integral part of the Russian army. In the 16th century, to protect the borderland area from Tatar invasions, Cossacks carried out sentry and patrol duties, observing Crimean Tatars and nomads of the Nogai Horde in the steppe region. The most popular weapons used by Cossack cavalrymen were usually sabres, or shashka, and long spears, but all Cossacks traditionally carried a Kindjal Russian Cossacks played a key role in the expansion of the Russian Empire into Siberia (particularly by Yermak Timofeyevich), the Caucasus and Central Asia in the period from the 16th to 19th centuries. Cossacks also served as guides to most Russian expeditions formed by civil and military geographers and surveyors, traders and explorers. In 1648 the Russian Cossack Semyon Dezhnyov discovered a passage between North America and Asia. Cossack units played a role in many wars in the 17th, 18th, and 19th centuries (such as the Russo-Turkish Wars, the Russo-Persian Wars, and the annexation of Central Asia). During Napoleon's Invasion of Russia, Cossacks were the Russian soldiers most feared by the French troops. Napoleon himself stated "Cossacks are the best light troops among all that exist. If I had them in my army, I would go through all the world with them." Cossacks also took part in the partisan war deep inside French-occupied Russian territory, attacking communications and supply lines. These attacks, carried out by Cossacks along with Russian light cavalry and other units, were one of the first developments of guerrilla warfare tactics and, to some extent, special operations as we know them today. Western Europeans had had few contacts with Cossacks before the Allies occupied Paris in 1814. As the most exotic of the Russian troops seen in France, Cossacks drew a great deal of attention and notoriety for their alleged excesses during Napoleon's 1812 campaign.
A Very Good George IIIrd Mamaluke Battle and Dress Sword. The very kind of sword as used by the 'Iron' Duke of Wellington, and many of Wellington's Generals, and quite a few of his Hussar and Light Dragoon regiment's officers. General Wellington carried his from his service in India and his style influenced all his senior officers to emulate this choice of weapon. This sword eventually developed into the 1831 pattern General's pattern sword, carried by all Generals and Field Marshals in the British Army. Numerous portraits exist of the great Napoleonic Wars battle commanders and so frequently they are seen in full dress uniform carrying this very battle sword. Generals in those days fought alongside their men, and many fought incredible and valiant 'one to one' combat actions against the officers and men of Napoleon's Grande Armee in the Peninsular War, and Waterloo. The Hussar's and Light Dragoon officers used their mamalukes to incredible effect as the deep curve was ideal for slashing on the charge and created notorious wounds to the enemy horseman. The sword has all copper gilt mounts with finest engraving, middle scabbard mount with small repair, shortened quillon. Traditional rounded ivory grip plates with two chisseled studs. The blade is beautifully etched throughout but a little difficult to photograph.
A Very Good King George IIIrd New Land Dragoon Pistol Circa 1796 An intiguing pistol absolutely covered in regimental troop and company markings. Percussion conversion of 1840. Made by Tower of London, Ketland & Co. Contract. Excellent stock with traditional brass furniture including skull-crusher butt and captive ramrod. Used by the frontline British Cavalry regiments during the Peninsular War, War of 1812, and the Hundred Days War, culminating at Waterloo. Then used in the post Waterloo era and converted in 1840 to the newer percussion system to enable it's continued use. They were then used alongside the modern percussion made pistols in the Crimean War by the cavalry and hussars regiments. Introduced in the 1796 and in production by 1802, the New land Cavalry Pistol provided one model of pistol for all of Britain's light cavalry and horse artillery. Another new element was the swivel ramrod which greatly improved the process of loading the pistol on horseback. The service of British Cavalry regiments, particularly the Light Dragoons, proved essential in the mastery of the Indian Subcontinent. The Duke of Wellington, then Arthur Wellesley, was primarily recognized for his military genius by his battles in India. Of particular note was the Battle of Assaye in 1803 where the 6000 British faced a Mahratta Army of at least 40,000. During the engagement the 19th Light Dragoons saved the 74th Regiment by charging the enemy guns 'like a torrent that had burst its banks'. Pistols firing and sabre slashing, the 19th broke the enemy's position and the day was won. 19th Light Dragoons gained "Assaye" as a battle honour, and the nickname "Terrors of the East". The 19th Light Dragoons eventually served in North America during the War of 1812 and so did this form of pistol. Cavalry was the 'shock' arm, with lance and saber the principal hand weapons. The division between 'heavy' and light was very marked during Wellington's time: 'heavy' cavalry were huge men on big horses, 'light' cavalry were more agile troopers on smaller mounts who could harass as well as shock. During the Napoleonic Wars, French cavalry was unexcelled. Later as casualties and the passage of years took their toll, Napoleon found it difficult to maintain the same high standards of cavalry performance. At the same time, the British and their allies steadily improved on their cavalry, mainly by devoting more attention to its organization and training as well as by copying many of the French tactics, organization and methods. During the Peninsular War, Wellington paid little heed to the employment of cavalry in operations, using it mainly for covering retreats and chasing routed French forces. But by the time of Waterloo it was the English cavalry that smashed the final attack of Napoleon's Old Guard.
A Very Good Late 18th to 19th Century Horn Powder Flask With wooden butt and spout plug. A good size flask, 12 inches long overall A powder flask was a small container for gunpowder which was an essential part of shooting equipment before the arrival of pre-made bullets or cartridges in the 19th century. They range from very elaborately decorated examples to early forms of simple effective design, and are most collectable. Many were standardized military issue, but the most decorative were generally used for sporting shooting. Although the term powder horn is sometimes used for any kind of powder flask, strictly it is a sub-category of flask, meaning one made from a hollowed bovid horn. Powder flasks were made in a great variety of materials and shapes, though ferrous metals that were prone to give sparks when hit were usually avoided. Stag antler was an especially common material, which could be carved or engraved, but wood and copper were common, and in India ivory. Apart from the horns, common shapes were the Y formed by the base of an antler (inverted), a usually flattened pear shape with a straight spout (poire-poudre or "powder pear" is a French term for these), a round flattened shape, and for larger flasks a triangle with concave rounded sides, which unlike the smaller flasks could be stood up on a surface. Many designs (such as horn and antler types) have a wide sealed opening for filling, and a thin spout for dispensing. Various devices were used to load a precise amount of powder to dispense, as it was important not to load too much or too little powder, or the powder was dispensed into a powder measure or "charger" (these survive much less often).
A Very Good Late Georgian Press-Gang Persuader Cosh With a beautifully patinated turned walnut handle, rope linkage and turned walnut knob top. These scarce clubs are most attractive and extremely effective. The type used on press gangs and boarding raids by the boatswain. They continued to be useful in all manner of areas right through the Victorian era, both on land and sea.
A Very Good Lefraucheaux Brevette 9mm Revolver Good tight action, and a superior grade quality pistol. The Lefraucheaux was an extremely popular pistol in the US Civil war due to it's advanced cartridge taking abilty, which naturally aided quick reloading and firing. A large calibre holster pistol of good quality and age. A most effective medium large sized pistol, but not to be confused with the much more commonly seen, and much smaller, 7mm type. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Very Good London Made Back Action Sporting Musket Circa 1840 Damascus barrel with hook breech and barrel retaining slides. Finest walnut stock in very good order. Back action lock finely engraved. All steel mounts with old russet traces. A most attractive and well made hand made gun of the second quarter of the 19th century. Would make a fine compliment to any collection of antiques and fine art. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Very Good M.1822 French Imperial, Crimean War Period Cuirassier's Pistol Manufactured at the Imperial arsenal at St Etienne. Fully inspector marked throughout, with regimental markings and stock roundel stamp, and dated for the Crimean War. Good tight action, rifled barrel. Many pistols of this type were also imported to the USA during the Civil War. At the time of the Crimean War, the army of the Second Empire was a subscripted army, but was also the most proficient army in Europe. One of the more famous groups were the Zouaves. According to Captain George Brinton McClellan, an American Military Observer, the Zouaves were the "…most reckless, self-reliant, and complete infantry that Europe can produce. With his graceful dress, soldierly bearing, and vigilant attitude, the Zouave at an outpost is the beau ideal of a soldier." The French army consisted of the Imperial Guard infantry, the line infantry including the Foreign Legion, cavalry, artillery, and engineer troops. Sources suggest that between 45,000 and 100,000 French forces were involved at one time or the other in the Crimea. Service in the French army was for seven years, with re-enlistments in increments of seven years. The Battle of Eupatoria was the most important military engagement of the Crimean War on the Crimean theatre in 1855 outside Sevastopol. Ottoman forces were being transferred from the Danube front to the Crimean port of Eupatoria and the town was being fortified. Upon direct orders from the Czar who feared a wide-scale Ottoman offensive on the Russian flank, a Russian expeditionary force was formed under General Stepan Khrulev aiming to storm the base with a force variously estimated between 20,000 to 30,000. Khrulev hoped to take the Ottoman garrison by surprise on February 17, 1855. His intention failed to materialise, as both the Ottoman garrison and the Allied fleet anticipated the attack. The Russian artillery and infantry attacks were countered by heavy Allied artillery fire. Failing to make progress after three hours and suffering mounting casualties, Khrulev ordered a retreat. This reverse led to the dismissal of the Russian Commander-in-Chief Aleksandr Sergeyevich Menshikov and probably hastened the death of Nicholas I of Russia, who died several weeks after the battle. As for the battle's strategic importance, it confirmed that allied total command of the sea would ensure that the threat to the Russian flank would remain for the duration of hostilities. For the allies, possession of Eupatoria meant that the total investment of Sevastopol remained a viable option. For the Russians, they could not afford to commit unlimited resources from their vast army to the Crimea, for fear of a lightning allied thrust from Eupatoria closing the neck of the peninsula at Perekop. For the Ottomans, their Army had regained its self-esteem and to some extent its reputation; most French and British realised this, although others including the high command would stubbornly refuse to make further use of their fighting abilities in the Crimean theatre. A very nice example of French cavalry percussion pistol (Ref. "French Military Weapons 1717-1938", by James E. Hicks, pp. 81 and 94).
A Very Good Original Antique 12 Bore Barrel Cleaner With Cover A superb 19th century gun tool. With removable screw threaded carved horn handle. Made by W.Richards of Liverpool. Marked 12.
A Very Good Original English Civil War Cavalry Trooper's Munition Helmet This helmet would very nicely companion, our original, English Civil War New Model Army breast and back plate armour. Item number 17928. Three bar face guard pattern. A most rare, true English made, circa 1640, tri-bar example, with traditional simulated non-articulated lobster tail. Most helmets seen today of this type are late copies or reproductions, the ones that are real, and they are very few, are usually the single bar types, that were imported from the continent, especially the Netherlands, during and after the war. We must emphasise this is a 100% original Civil War made example, in overall russeted condition, with small holing in the skull, and with good blacking. The New Model Army of England was formed in 1645 by the Parliamentarians in the English Civil War, and was disbanded in 1660 after the Restoration. It differed from other armies in the series of civil wars referred to as the Wars of the Three Kingdoms in that it was intended as an army liable for service anywhere in the country (including in Scotland and Ireland), rather than being tied to a single area or garrison. Its soldiers became full-time professionals, rather than part-time militia. To establish a professional officer corps, the army's leaders were prohibited from having seats in either the House of Lords or House of Commons. This was to encourage their separation from the political or religious factions among the Parliamentarians. The New Model Army was raised partly from among veteran soldiers who already had deeply held Puritan religious convictions, and partly from conscripts who brought with them many commonly held beliefs about religion or society. Many of its common soldiers therefore held Dissenting or radical views unique among English armies. Although the Army's senior officers did not share many of their soldiers' political opinions, their independence from Parliament led to the Army's willingness to contribute to the overthrow of both the Crown and Parliament's authority, and to establish a short-lived Commonwealth, which included a period of direct military rule. Ultimately, the Army's Generals (particularly Oliver Cromwell) could rely both on the Army's internal discipline and its religious zeal and innate support for the "Good Old Cause" to maintain an essentially dictatorial rule.The New Model Army's elite troops were its Regiments of Horse. They were armed and equipped in the style known at the time as harquebusiers, rather than as heavily armoured cuirassiers. They wore a back-and-front breastplate over a buff leather coat, which itself gave some protection against sword cuts, and normally a "lobster-tailed pot" helmet with a movable three-barred visor, and a bridle gauntlet on the left hand. The sleeves of the buff coats were often decorated with strips of braid, which may have been arranged in a regimental pattern. Leather "bucket-topped" riding boots gave some protection to the legs. Regiments were organised into six troops, of one hundred troopers plus officers, non-commissioned officers and specialists (drummers, farriers etc.). Each troop had its own standard, 2 feet (61 cm) square. On the battlefield, a regiment was normally formed as two "divisions" of three troops, one commanded by the regiment's Colonel (or the Major, if the Colonel was not present), the other by the Lieutenant Colonel. Their discipline was markedly superior to that of their Royalist counterparts. Cromwell specifically forbade his men to gallop after a fleeing enemy, but demanded they hold the battlefield. This meant that the New Model cavalry could charge, break an enemy force, regroup and charge again at another objective. On the other hand, when required to pursue, they did so relentlessly, not breaking ranks to loot abandoned enemy baggage as Royalist horse often did
A Very Good Royal Marine Officer's Sword of Capt Morrieson' 1822 Pattern Named on the blade, with a presentation type etched panel, for a RM officer, John Charles Downie Morrieson, who served as a capt and then major in the Royal Marines. Very good gothic hilt with pieced VR cypher, wooden spiral ribbed grip, pipe backed blade and brass field service scabbard. As a Royal Marine officer he served in the naval Battle of Vuelta de Obligado, which took place on the waters of the Paraná River on November 20, 1845, between the Argentine Confederation, under the leadership of Juan Manuel de Rosas, and an Anglo-French fleet, and later, in the the China Expedition, the 2nd Opium War of 1857-58. Including the blockade of the Canton River, the landing before, and the storm and capture of the City. He served as Provost Marshal and D.A.A.General to the Army in garrison at Canton. The Second Opium War, the Second Anglo-Chinese War, the Second China War, the Arrow War, or the Anglo-French expedition to China, was a war pitting the British Empire and the Second French Empire against the Qing Dynasty of China, lasting from 1856 to 1860. It was fought over similar issues as the First Opium War.Chinese authorities were reluctant to keep to the terms of the 1842 Treaty of Nanking. They had tried to keep out as many foreign merchants as possible and had victimized Chinese merchants who traded with the British at the treaty ports. To protect those Chinese merchants who were friendly to them in Hong Kong, the British granted their ships British registration in the hope that the Chinese authorities would not interfere with vessels carrying the British flag. In October 1856, Chinese authorities in Canton seized a vessel called the Arrow, which had been engaged in piracy. The Arrow had formerly been registered as a British ship, and still flew the British flag. The British consul in Canton demanded the immediate release of the crew and an apology for the insult to the British flag. The crew were released, but an apology was not given. In reprisal, the British governor in Hong Kong ordered warships to bombard Canton. The Chinese issue figured prominently in the British general election of March 1857, which Palmerston won with an increased majority. He now felt able to press British claims more vigorously. The French were also eager to be involved after their envoy, Baron Jean-Baptiste Louis Gros, seemingly had his demands ignored (French complaints involved a murdered missionary and French rights in Canton). A strong Anglo-French force under Admiral Sir Michael Seymour occupied Canton (December 1857), then cruised north to capture briefly the Taku forts near Tientsin (May 1858).Negotiations among China, Britain, France, the USA and Russia led to the Tientsin Treaties of June 26–29, 1858, which theoretically brought peace. China agreed to open more treaty ports, to legalize opium importation, to establish a maritime customs service with foreign inspection and to allow foreign legations at Peking and missionaries in the interior. China soon abrogated the Anglo-French treaties and refused to allow foreign diplomats into Peking. On June 25, 1859 British Admiral Sir James Hope bombarded the forts guarding the mouth of the Hai River, below Tientsin. However, landing parties were repulsed and the British squadron was severely damaged by a surprisingly efficient Chinese garrison. Anglo-French forces gathered at Hong Kong in May 1860. A joint amphibious expedition moved north to the Gulf of Po Hai. It consisted of 11,000 British under General Sir James Hope Grant and 7,000 French under Lieutenant General Cousin-Montauban. Unopposed landings were made at Pei-Tang (August 1, 1860). The Taku forts were taken by assault with the assistance of the naval forces (August 21). The expedition then advanced up-river from Tientsin. As it approached Peking, the Chinese asked for talks and an armistice. An allied delegation under Sir Harry Smith Parkes was sent to parley, but they were seized and imprisoned (September 18). It was later learned that half of them died under diablocal torture [the notorious so-called Death of a Thousand Cuts]. The expedition pressed ahead, defeating some 30,000 Chinese in two engagements, before reaching the walls of Peking on September 26. Preparations for an assault commenced and the Old Summer Palace (Yuan Ming Yuan) was occupied and looted. Another Chinese request for peace was accepted and China agreed to all demands. The survivors of the Parkes delegation were returned, though General Grant burned and destroyed the Old Summer Palace in reprisal for the mistreatment of the Parkes party. Ten new treaty ports, including Tientsin, were opened to trade with the western powers, foreign diplomats were to be allowed at Peking, and the opium trade was to be regulated by the Chinese authorities. Kowloon, on the mainland opposite Hong Kong Island, was surrendered to the British. Permission was granted for foreigners (including Protestant and Catholic missionaries) to travel throughout the country. An indemnity of three million ounces of silver was paid to Great Britain and two million to France. The hilt is good with fold down guard the grip is a service replacement [possibly in Chinese service]. The scabbard is good with minor denting, the blade has a good etched panels of Royal cyphers and the name of this officer. Spelling in the Scottish manner with 'ie', his recorded British armed service manner is without the 'e' as usual.
A Very Good Sawback Sword Regimentally Marked 1st Connaught Rangers Stamped on the quilllon 1.C.T 7 [ordnance identification ofor the 1st Battallion Connaught Rangers, sword number 7]. The 88th and 94th Foot were both involved in the Zulu War in 1879. The 94th Foot fought at the Battle of Ulundi, the final battle of the war. In 1881, the 88th Regiment of Foot (Connaught Rangers) (which formed the 1st Battalion) and the 94th Regiment of Foot (which formed the 2nd Battalion) were amalgamated. The amalgamation of the two regiments into one with the title The Connaught Rangers, was part of the United Kingdom government's reorganization of the British army under the Childers Reforms, a continuation of the Cardwell Reforms implemented in 1879. The sword also bears later ordnance re-stamps for '9, '99 likely the re-issue date either into the Royal Navy, but further research reveals it more likely for issue to the battalion that was sent to the Boer War and The 1st Battalion deployed to South Africa as part of 5th (Irish) Brigade which was commanded by Major-General Fitzroy Hart. The Rangers took part in numerous engagements during the Second Boer War. The regiment took part in the Battle of Colenso on 15 December, part of the attempt to relieve the town of Ladysmith, besieged by Boer forces. The Rangers and the rest of the 5th (Hart's) Brigade, who were on the left flank, had been forced to perform over 20 minutes of drill before the advance. The Brigade suffered heavily during their participation in the battle, the Boers inflicting heavy casualties. The advance was met with a fire from three sides that forced them to withdraw. The battle ended in defeat for the British. That battle and two previous defeats at Magersfontein and Stormberg became known as 'Black Week'. Brass hilt and ribbed grip, good steel sawbacked blade, excellent brass bound leather scabbard. Invented for use in the Crimean War, issued as a regimental sapper's weapon for defences and siege construction, and then many were recalled [in the late Victorian era and early 20th century] and re-issued to the Royal Navy for Naval Brigades, for use as a cutlass as well as a sapper's sword.Some were recorded as being used by the British Navy in the Boxer Rebellion in 1900. Made by Robert Mole.
A Very Good Scarce 1867 Remington Rolling Block Rifle Sword-Bayonet A scarce made bayonet for the Remington Rifle, usually made in Germany for the foreign contracts. In excellent condition, brass hilt and all steel scabbard, yataghan blade with maker's mark. Remington rolling block rifles were produced as military muskets and carbines as well as for civilian use, and were adopted by many countries. These included the U.S. (first by the Navy in 1867 and later in limited numbers in .45-70 by the Army), Argentina, Denmark, Guatemala, Holland, Puerto Rico (Voluntarios), Spain, Sweden/Norway, Uruguay, and others. They were also purchased by state militias, most notably the New York Militia. Remington rolling block rifles were produced under license in Belgium, Norway, Sweden, Spain, and perhaps other places.
A Very Good Smith and Wesson No2 Army Revolver Very nice tight action, brown finish with stunning carved ivory grips. One of the first cartridge taking revolvers of the Civil War. George Armstrong Custer owned a pair presented to him by J.B.Sutherland. A very smart example in nice order. Superbly crisp action. One of the few cartridge revolvers made that are allowable to own in the UK without licence or restriction. It was in fact the gun that made Smith and Wesson into the mighty arms company that it became, the No2 Army being so advanced for it's time that it rocketed the makers into the popular conciousness of America and indeed the world. It is from this revolver that the S&W 44 Russian, the 44 Single Action Army, and the Schofield evolved, probably the best revolvers ever made in the 19th century. A Smith and Wesson No 2 Army was carried by Wild Bill Hickok on the day he died holding Aces and Eights, called for ever more "the dead man's hand! in his memory, in the infamous card game in Deadwood. The larger caliber of the two tip-up revolver models that Smith & Wesson manufactured during the American Civil War, the No. 2 Army was a six-shot, single-action design. slightly fewer than 40,000 No. 2 .32-caliber rimfire revolvers were made before the surrender at Appomattox in 1865, and many Union enlisted men and officers, including future President Rutherford B. Hayes and General George Armstrong Custer, elected to carry his No. 2 Army model for personal protection. As with all our antique guns, no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Very Good Smith and Wesson No2 Army Revolver of The Civil War. Very nice tight action, brown finish early four figure serial number. One of the first cartridge taking revolvers of the Civil War. George Armstrong Custer owned a pair presented to him by J.B.Sutherland. A very smart example in nice order, original varnish to the walnut grips. Superbly crisp action. One of the few cartridge revolvers made that are allowable to own in the UK without licence or restriction. It was in fact the gun that made Smith and Wesson into the mighty arms company that it became, the No2 Army being so advanced for it's time that it rocketed the makers into the popular conciousness of America and indeed the world. It is from this revolver that the S&W 44 Russian, the 44 Single Action Army, and the Schofield evolved, probably the best revolvers ever made in the 19th century. A Smith and Wesson No 2 Army was carried by Wild Bill Hickok on the day he died holding Aces and Eights, called for ever more "the dead man's hand! in his memory, in the infamous card game in Deadwood. The larger caliber of the two tip-up revolver models that Smith & Wesson manufactured during the American Civil War, the No. 2 Army was a six-shot, single-action design. slightly fewer than 40,000 No. 2 .32-caliber rimfire revolvers were made before the surrender at Appomattox in 1865, and many Union enlisted men and officers, including future President Rutherford B. Hayes and General George Armstrong Custer, elected to carry his No. 2 Army model for personal protection. Desirable 6 inch barrel model. As with all our antique guns, no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Very Good Spanish Flintlock Cannon Barrel Miquelet Pistol Circa 1790 An officers military style pistol, of good strong and robust quality, but with expensive features of decoration to set it apart from a more martial piece. A very nice condition large calibre belt pistol, with walnut stock, chequered butt, steel butt cap and fore end, and nicely chiselled lock. Steel belt hook. A pistol used in the Peninsular Campaign in the war with Napoleonic France. Peninsular War, Spanish Guerra de la Independencia (“War of Independence”), (1808–14), that part of the Napoleonic Wars fought in the Iberian Peninsula, where the French were opposed by British, Spanish, and Portuguese forces. Napoleon’s peninsula struggle contributed considerably to his eventual downfall; but until 1813 the conflict in Spain and Portugal, though costly, exercised only an indirect effect upon the progress of French affairs in central and eastern Europe. The war in the Peninsula did interest the British, because their army made no other important contribution to the war on the continent between 1793 and 1814; the war, too, made the fortunes of the British commander Arthur Wellesley, afterward duke of Wellington. Napoleon ordered General Andoche Junot, with a force of 30,000, to march through Spain to Portugal (October–November 1807). The Portuguese royal family fled, sailing to Brazil, and Junot arrived in Lisbon on November 30. The French army that conquered Portugal, however, also occupied parts of northern Spain; and Napoleon, whose intentions were now becoming clear, claimed all of Portugal and certain provinces of northern Spain. Unable to organize government resistance, the Spanish minister Godoy persuaded his king, Charles IV, to imitate the Portuguese royal family and escape to South America. The journey from Madrid was halted at Aranjuez, where a revolt organized by the “Fernandista” faction (March 17, 1808) procured the dismissal of Godoy and the abdication of Charles IV in favour of his son Ferdinand VII. Napoleon, taking advantage of the situation, sent in General Joachim Murat to occupy Madrid and, by a mixture of threats and promises, induced both Charles and Ferdinand to proceed to Bayonne for conferences. There, on May 5, 1808, Napoleon forced Ferdinand to abdicate in favour of Charles and Charles in favour of himself. In exchange, Napoleon promised that Spain should remain Roman Catholic and independent, under a ruler whom he would name. He chose his brother Joseph Bonaparte. On May 2, however, the people of Madrid had already risen against the invader, and the war for Spanish independence had begun. A brief history of the Spanish Miquelet; After the disastrous campaign of Algiers (1541) where "wind and rain" prevented the firing of arquebuses, Charles I of Spain might have expressed to his gunmakers the urgent need to devise an ignition mechanism less prone to failure in bad weather. Problems were caused on both wheellocks and matchlocks, firstly by wind blowing away the gunpowder when the pan cover was opened during priming, and secondly, by rain wetting matches and gunpowder. In less than three decades, a lock did appear that is known today as the Miquelet Lock The fully developed lock was known by various names, depending on region or variation of design. In Spain, it was known as the "llave Española"; or simply the "patilla". The patilla is the classic Spanish miquelet and the designation of patilla is often used nowadays in lieu of miquelet. The term patilla derives from the fact that the front foot of the cock resembled a rooster foot. In Catalonia, it was "clau de miquelet." In Portugal, it was known as the "fecho de patilha de invenção."
A Very Good Steel 'Belted Bullet' Mould Marked 14 and WD (William Davies) A rare collectable for a 19th century 'grooved' British rifle. Cavity measures .750" at the bottom of the grooves. This mould casts a spherical ball with bands for groove rifling. This mould is in excellent plus condition. Overall length 7.5"
A Very Good Victorian 16th Lancer's Other Ranks Tchapka Helmet Plate In very good condition, with the battle honours up to Aliwal 1846. The 16th Lancer's is one of the great and most decorated cavalry regiments of the British Army. And of all the Battle Honours the regiment earned in it's distingushed history The Sikh War's Charge at Aliwal of 1846 is the regiment's dearest. The 16th Lancers was part of a British force fighting the Sikhs of the Punjab in 1846 when the armies met at Aliwal on 28th January. Major Rowland Smyth, commanding the 16th, was ordered to take the Sikh artillery, and led a headlong charge against guns that kept up a continuous fire. Behind the guns stood squares of Sikh infantry. He spurred his horse and led the 16th through them. Sergeant Gould wrote: ' At them we went, bullets flying like a hailstorm. Despite a bayonet wound, Smyth reformed his men and charged back, and the enemy withdrew. 40,000 Sikh infantry massed against Major General Harry Smith's 10,000 men at Aliwal covering a frontage of about two miles connecting the villages of Aliwal and Bundri. They were supported by 37 pieces of artillery and flanked by cavalry. In the initial stages of the battle Smith's forces advanced and took Aliwal. The capture of Aliwal meant the loss of the Sikhs' best ford across the Sutlej, they therefore had to recapture it and attempted to do so with a body of 1000 cavalry. Smith saw this threat and immediately dispatched a squadron of 16th Lancers and a squadron of the 3rd Bengal Light Cavalry. The 3rd failed to charge while the squadron of the 16th under Captain Bere did so, and routed 1000 Sikh cavalry (over ten times their number). Aliwal was not lost but the cost to the 16th was the loss of 42 of the 100 who charged. Smith's main body continued to be harried by the Sikh guns; he therefore ordered the main body of the 16th under their Commanding Officer, Major Rowland Smyth, to take the guns. Smyth led his two squadrons in a headlong charge against the guns that continued to fire until the moment they were overrun. The momentum of the Regiment was so great that they charged past the guns and were faced by the massed squares of the Sikh infantry. Smyth realised that to pull up and retire would enable the Sikh infantry to lay a withering fire in his rear, he therefore spurred his horse, jumping into the centre of the first square and charging on through. Naturally the 16th followed their Commanding Officer and charged head on into the square. "We had to charge a square of infantry - at them we went, the bullets flying round like a hailstorm." (Sergeant Gould). Many were injured including Smyth who received a bayonet wound to his abdomen. However he still managed to reform his Regiment and charge back through the broken Sikh squares. This proved to be the decisive action with the Sikhs breaking contact and attempting to withdraw back across the Sutlej under heavy British artillery fire; they left 3,000 dead and all their guns on the British side of the river. Of all the Battle Honours gained by the 16th Lancers it was the battle of Aliwal that they chose to commemorate each year. A regimental tradition deriving from this is that lance pennons are starched and crimped 16 times; this commemorates the fact that after the battle they were so encrusted in blood that they stood upright and stiff. Today Aliwal is still celebrated by A Squadron and The Queen's Royal Lancers still crimp their lance pennons. Like most cavalry regiments, the 16th Lancers deployed to the Boer War serving there from 1900 until their eventual return to England in 1904. During the campaign they took part in the Battles of Paardeberg and Diamond Hill, as well as playing a leading role in the Relief of Kimberley. One of the most satisfactory cavalry actions occurred at Klipt Drift on 15th February 1900, when two squadrons of the 16th and one of the 9th Lancers charged to clear the 'knek' between two hills, which were occupied by the Boers. The enemy attempted to mount as the Lancers approached, but were swept away and fled in all directions. The Boers left some twenty dead; the Lancers continued their advance for some five miles on towards Kimberley. By 1909 the 16th had amassed no less than eighteen battle honours, more than any other cavalry regiment in the Army.a painting in the gallery shows the 16th charging at Aliwal
A Very Good Victorian 92nd Gordon Highlanders Silver Cross Belt Badge 92nd Regiment (Gordon) officer's crossbelt badge, silver plated 4 pointed star with St Andrew cross with battle honours, Sphinx below XCII Highlanders, with three threaded screw mounts.
A Very Good Victorian British Army Helmet Plate A very good example of the helmet plate used on the Home Service and tropical sun helmets used by all the foot regiments of the British Army in the 19th century. Part of a small collection of original rare Victorian badges we have just been most pleased to acquire.
A Very Good Year 13 French Cavalry Pistol Of The Napoleonic Wars Made at the Imperial Arsenal at Tulle. Used as a regimental issue sidearm, by and the very best French Napoleonic frontline cavalry, the carabineers, cuirassiers, chasseurs, dragoons and lancers, serving in Napoleon Bonaparte's army during the Napoleonic Wars. It bears superb stock markings and all fully marked steel and brass parts. Lock engraved Manufacture Imperial Tulle. This is the pattern called the AN 13 [year 13] which represents the 13th year of French Ist Republic of 1792. The French Republican Calendar or French Revolutionary Calendar was a calendar proposed during the French Revolution, and used by the French government for about 12 years from late 1793. This would have seen service in the Elite Imperial Guard Cuirassiers of Napoleon's great heavy cavalry regiments. The Cuirassiers Heavy Cavalry Regiments used the largest men in France, recruited to serve in the greatest and noblest cavalry France has ever had. They fought with distinction at their last great conflict at the Battle of Waterloo in 1815, and most of the Cuirassiers pistols now in England very likely came from that field of conflict, after the battle, as trophies of war. This pistol may well have been taken from a vanquished Cuirassier [as his pistol was drawn for combat] on the field of battle. One can imagine this pistol lying freely, or, maybe, even still clasped in his cold desperate hand, or even under his fallen steed, at the field of conflict at Waterloo. Every warrior that has ever entered service for his country sought trophies. The Mycenae from a fallen Trojan, the Roman from a fallen Gaul, the GI from a fallen Japanese, the tradition stretches back thousands of years, and will continue as long as man serves his country in battle. In the 1st century AD the Roman Poet Decimus Iunius Iuvenalis [Juvenal] wrote; "Man thirsts more for glory than virtue. The armour of an enemy, his broken helmet, the flag ripped from a conquered trireme, are treasures valued beyond all human riches. It is to obtain these tokens of glory that Generals, be they Roman, Greek or barbarian, brave a thousand perils and endure a thousand exertions". A truly super Napoleonic pistol. The cuirassiers were the greatest of all France's cavalry, allowing only the strongest men of over 6 feet in height into it's ranks. The French Cuirassiers were at their very peak in 1815, and never again regained the wonder and glory that they truly deserved at that time. To face a regiment of, say, 600 charging steeds bearing down upon you mounted with armoured giants, brandishing the mightiest of swords that could pierce the strongest breast armour, much have been, quite simply, terrifying. Made in the period that Napoleon was Emperor and ruling most of Europe, it was used through the Royal restoration period, when Napoleon was imprisoned at Elba, and then during the War of the 100 days, culminating at Waterloo . All Napoleon's heavy Cavalry Regiments fought at Waterloo, there were no reserve regiments, and all the Cuirassiers, without exception fought with their extraordinary resolve, bravery and determination. The Hundred Days started after Napoleon, separated from his wife and son, who had come under Austrian control, was cut off from the allowance guaranteed to him by the Treaty of Fontainebleau, and aware of rumours he was about to be banished to a remote island in the Atlantic Ocean, Napoleon escaped from Elba on 26 February 1815. He landed at Golfe-Juan on the French mainland, two days later. The French 5th Regiment was sent to intercept him and made contact just south of Grenoble on 7 March 1815. Napoleon approached the regiment alone, dismounted his horse and, when he was within gunshot range, shouted, "Here I am. Kill your Emperor, if you wish." The soldiers responded with, "Vive L'Empereur!" and marched with Napoleon to Paris; Louis XVIII fled. On 13 March, the powers at the Congress of Vienna declared Napoleon an outlaw and four days later Great Britain, the Netherlands, Russia, Austria and Prussia bound themselves to put 150,000 men into the field to end his rule. Napoleon arrived in Paris on 20 March and governed for a period now called the Hundred Days. By the start of June the armed forces available to him had reached 200,000 and he decided to go on the offensive to attempt to drive a wedge between the oncoming British and Prussian armies. The French Army of the North crossed the frontier into the United Kingdom of the Netherlands, in modern-day Belgium. Napoleon's forces fought the allies, led by Wellington and Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher, at the Battle of Waterloo on 18 June 1815. Wellington's army withstood repeated attacks by the French and drove them from the field while the Prussians arrived in force and broke through Napoleon's right flank. The French army left the battlefield in disorder, which allowed Coalition forces to enter France and restore Louis XVIII to the French throne. Off the port of Rochefort, Charente-Maritime, after consideration of an escape to the United States, Napoleon formally demanded political asylum from the British Captain Frederick Maitland on HMS Bellerophon on 15 July 1815. The pistol is in very nice condition overall. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Very Good Year 13 French Cavalry Pistol Of The Napoleonic Wars Dated 1813 Made at the Imperial Arsenal at Mauberg. Apparently a souvenir of Waterloo, but certainly used as a regimental issue sidearm, by and the very best French Napoleonic frontline cavalry, the carabineers, cuirassiers, chasseurs, dragoons and lancers, serving in Napoleon Bonaparte's army during the Napoleonic Wars. It bears superb stock markings and all fully marked steel and brass parts. Lock engraved Manufacture Mauburg Imperial. This is the pattern called the AN 13 [year 13] which represents the 13th year of French Ist Republic of 1792. The French Republican Calendar or French Revolutionary Calendar was a calendar proposed during the French Revolution, and used by the French government for about 12 years from late 1793 to 1805 and at this point it was then abolished by Napoleon. Made in 1813 this would have seen service in the Elite Imperial Guard Cuirassiers of Napoleon's great heavy cavalry regiments. The Cuirassiers Heavy Cavalry Regiments used the largest men in France, recruited to serve in the greatest and noblest cavalry France has ever had. They fought with distinction at their last great conflict at the Battle of Waterloo in 1815, and most of the Cuirassiers pistols now in England very likely came from that field of conflict, after the battle, as trophies of war. This pistol has at present no ramrod [but we can replace it], and it has a contemporary replaced swan necked cock. This pistol may well have been taken from a vanquished Cuirassier [as his pistol was drawn for combat] on the field of battle. One can imagine this pistol lying freely, or, maybe, even still clasped in his cold desperate hand, or even under his fallen steed, at the field of conflict at Waterloo. Every warrior that has ever entered service for his country sought trophies. The Mycenae from a fallen Trojan, the Roman from a fallen Gaul, the GI from a fallen Japanese, the tradition stretches back thousands of years, and will continue as long as man serves his country in battle. In the 1st century AD the Roman Poet Decimus Iunius Iuvenalis [Juvenal] wrote; "Man thirsts more for glory than virtue. The armour of an enemy, his broken helmet, the flag ripped from a conquered trireme, are treasures valued beyond all human riches. It is to obtain these tokens of glory that Generals, be they Roman, Greek or barbarian, brave a thousand perils and endure a thousand exertions". A truly super Napoleonic pistol. The cuirassiers were the greatest of all France's cavalry, allowing only the strongest men of over 6 feet in height into it's ranks. The French Cuirassiers were at their very peak in 1815, and never again regained the wonder and glory that they truly deserved at that time. To face a regiment of, say, 600 charging steeds bearing down upon you mounted with armoured giants, brandishing the mightiest of swords that could pierce the strongest breast armour, much have been, quite simply, terrifying. Made in the period that Napoleon was Emperor and ruling most of Europe, it was used through the Royal restoration period, when Napoleon was imprisoned at Elba, and then during the War of the 100 days, culminating at Waterloo . All Napoleon's heavy Cavalry Regiments fought at Waterloo, there were no reserve regiments, and all the Cuirassiers, without exception fought with their extraordinary resolve, bravery and determination. The Hundred Days started after Napoleon, separated from his wife and son, who had come under Austrian control, was cut off from the allowance guaranteed to him by the Treaty of Fontainebleau, and aware of rumours he was about to be banished to a remote island in the Atlantic Ocean, Napoleon escaped from Elba on 26 February 1815. He landed at Golfe-Juan on the French mainland, two days later. The French 5th Regiment was sent to intercept him and made contact just south of Grenoble on 7 March 1815. Napoleon approached the regiment alone, dismounted his horse and, when he was within gunshot range, shouted, "Here I am. Kill your Emperor, if you wish." The soldiers responded with, "Vive L'Empereur!" and marched with Napoleon to Paris; Louis XVIII fled. On 13 March, the powers at the Congress of Vienna declared Napoleon an outlaw and four days later Great Britain, the Netherlands, Russia, Austria and Prussia bound themselves to put 150,000 men into the field to end his rule. Napoleon arrived in Paris on 20 March and governed for a period now called the Hundred Days. By the start of June the armed forces available to him had reached 200,000 and he decided to go on the offensive to attempt to drive a wedge between the oncoming British and Prussian armies. The French Army of the North crossed the frontier into the United Kingdom of the Netherlands, in modern-day Belgium. Napoleon's forces fought the allies, led by Wellington and Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher, at the Battle of Waterloo on 18 June 1815. Wellington's army withstood repeated attacks by the French and drove them from the field while the Prussians arrived in force and broke through Napoleon's right flank. The French army left the battlefield in disorder, which allowed Coalition forces to enter France and restore Louis XVIII to the French throne. Off the port of Rochefort, Charente-Maritime, after consideration of an escape to the United States, Napoleon formally demanded political asylum from the British Captain Frederick Maitland on HMS Bellerophon on 15 July 1815. The pistol is in very nice condition overall. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Very Good Zulu War Knopkerrie War Club. A very nice example of an original Impi warrior's war clubs used at the battles of the Zulu War in 1979. The Anglo-Zulu War was fought in 1879 between the British Empire and the Zulu Kingdom. Following the imperialist scheme by which Lord Carnarvon had successfully brought about federation in Canada, it was thought that a similar plan might succeed with the various African kingdoms, tribal areas and Boer republics in South Africa. In 1874, Sir Henry Bartle Frere was sent to South Africa as High Commissioner for the British Empire to bring the scheme into being. Some of the obstacles to this plan were the presence of the independent states of the South African Republic and the Kingdom of Zululand and its army. Frere, on his own initiative, without the approval of the British government and with the intent of instigating a war with the Zulu, had presented an ultimatum on 11 December 1878, to the Zulu king Cetshwayo with which the Zulu king could not comply. Cetshwayo did not comply and Bartle Frere sent Lord Chelmsford to invade Zululand. The war is notable for several particularly bloody battles, including a stunning opening victory by the Zulu at Isandlwana, as well as for being a landmark in the timeline of imperialism in the region. The war eventually resulted in a British victory and the end of the Zulu nation's independence. A long knopkerrie in very good condition indeed. A superb original souvenir of the Zulu War.
A Very Good, 'Garibaldi' Period, 1860, Italian Cavalry 'Battle' Sword A Very Good, 'Garibaldi' Period, 1860, Italian Cavalry 'Battle' Sword The revolutionary general Giuseppe Garibaldi has been dubbed the "Hero of the Two Worlds" in tribute to his military expeditions in both South America and Europe, and he is considered an Italian national hero. The Expedition of the Thousand (Italian Spedizione dei Mille) was a military campaign led by the revolutionary general in 1860, in which a force of volunteers defeated the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies, leading to its dissolution and annexation by the Kingdom of Sardinia. A large impressive and imposing sword. All steel hilt with leather grip. All steel scabbard, single fullered combat weight blade. A Photo in the gallery is a remarkable statue of Garibaldi in Washington Square, New York, drawing his sword, that looks extremely similar to this one.The scabbard has some bottom section dented ares.
A Very Good, 'King's Order of 1786' British Officer's Spadroon Sword The Spadroon is a light sword with a straight blade of the cut and thrust type. The style became popular among military and naval officers in the 1790s, spreading from England to the United States and to France, where it was known as the épée anglaise. A spadroon blade usually had a broad, central fuller and a single edge, often with a false edge near the tip In the age of sail, officers were expected to fight right alongside common deckhands. An officer never made his choice of weapon recklessly when he knew he to had to fight hand to hand to repel boarders. The clear choice was a Spadroon as his primary edged weapon. It was lighter than a cutlass, offered a long, stiff blade, was imminently suitable for thrusting, and had a sharp edge The King's order of 1786 only made official what was already an on-going change in the active service as the spontoon proved itself to be more and more unsuited for the modern battlefield: We precis the King's Order of 1786. His Majesty having been pleas'd to order, that the Esponton shall be laid aside, and that, in lieu thereof the Battalion Officers are, for the future, to make use of Swords, it is His Majesty's Pleasure, that the Officers of Infantry Corps, shall be provided with a strong, substantial, uniform-sword, the blade of which is to be straight, and made to cut and thrust; the hilt, if not of steel, is to be either gilt or silver, according to the Colour of the Buttons on the Uniforms and the Sword Knot, to be Crimson and Gold in the strips, as required by the present Regulation.
A Very Good, Rare, Napoleonic Wars Baker-Rifle, Rifleman's Sword With brass D guard hilt with regulation ribbed grip and spring catch. Shell guard with regimental markings and a good steel blade with monogram maker's mark. 'W'. This sword is a jolly nice example of probably the most sought after, collectable, and most famous, issued rifle-sword of the British Army. During the Napoleonic Wars the Baker rifle was made as the British Army replacement for the Jaeger Rifle, that had been purchased for the 60th Rifles, and used by the army's rifle regiment until a British version could be tried, tested, approved and issued. It was deemed and reported to be highly effective at long range, due to its accuracy and dependability under battlefield conditions. However, In spite of its advantages, the rifle did not replace the standard British musket of the day, the venerable Brown Bess, but was instead issued exclusively to elite rifle regiments, manned by 'chosen men', the best shots in the army. These units were employed as an addition to the common practice of fielding skirmishers in advance of the main column, who were used to weaken and disrupt the waiting enemy lines (the British also had a light company in each battalion that was trained and employed as skirmishers but these were only issued with muskets). With the advantage of the greater range and accuracy provided by the Baker rifle, British skirmishers were able to defeat their French counterparts routinely and in turn disrupt the main French force by sniping non-commissioned and commissioned officers. The rifle was fitted with this detachable, brass hilted sword, that was carried [when not fitted on the rifle's muzzle], on the rifleman's belt by means of a frog mount. These sword's of the Baker were used by what were considered elite units, such as the battalions of the 60th Regiment (Royal American Rifles) that were deployed around the world, and the three battalions of the 95th Regiment that served under the Duke of Wellington between 1808 and 1814 in the Peninsular War and again in 1815 at the Battle of Waterloo. Today the nobly deserved legend of 'King George's rifles' lives on in the British Army, with all due pride and distinction, in 'The Rifles' battalions of today, a merging of what was the Rifle Brigade and King's Royal Rifles, known as the 'Green Jackets'. They are serving with honour and valour, just as they always have, all around the world, and at present, with their usual incredible fortitude, in Afghanistan. A rifleman's edged weapon is, and must always must be referred to as a sword, despite fitting to the rifle as would a bayonet. This tradition continues to this very day, however dimunitive the rifleman's edged weapon is today [by comparison to the Baker sword], and woe betide anyone who refers to it as the, 'b' word. The Rifles will always have a special respect with us, as our former gunsmith and dearest friend of 50 summers, served with the KRR. The late and much lamented, 'Rifleman' Dennis Ottrey, of former WW2 D.Day service. Picture in the gallery of Major General Coote Manningham one of the founders of the Rifles regiments
A Very Nice 15th to 16th Century Tudor Period Artillery Hand Cannon Mortar With super armourers mark. In the mid to late 13th Century gunpowder began to be used in cannons and handguns, and by the mid 14th Century they were in common use. By the end of the 14th Century both gunpowder, guns and cannon had greatly evolved and were an essential part of fortifications which were being modified to change arrow slits for gun loops.Hand cannon' date of origin ranges around 1350. Hand cannon were inexpensive to manufacture, but not accurate to fire. Nevertheless, they were employed for their shock value. In 1492 Columbus carried one on his discovery exploration to the Americas. Conquistadors Hernando Cortez and Francisco Pizzaro also used them, in 1519 and 1533, during their respective conquests and colonization of Mexico and Peru. Not primary arms of war, hand cannon were adequate tools of protection for fighting men. Overall 10 inches long 4.5 inch wide. Very heavy.
A Very Nice 18th Century Gentleman's Sporting Gun by Bond of London Finest walnut stock, converted from flintlock to percussion action at the Bond workshop. Octagonal barrel. Half stock for end, fine steel mounts with acorn finial trigger guard. A most charming hand made long gun by one of London's pre eminent makers of the 18th century in the King George IIIrd period. 18th century painting of gentlemen in a hunting scene, using the same sporting gun, for illustration only As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Very Nice 18th Century King George IIIrd Brass Barrel Officer's Pistol With brass barrel brass furniture and fine walnut stock 12 inches long overall. A delightful pistol in lovely order. Good working action, nice proofs.
A Very Nice 19th Century Zulu War Period Dagger, a Shona Bakatwa Made with the traditional leaf shaped blade, carved wood hilt and scabbard. The scabbard and hilt had been decorated in typical form of Zulu wire-work, a decorative fashion that originated utilising cut down British telegraph copper wire. Bound in it's highly distinctive spiral pattern also seen on Zulu knopkerie and assegai [war club and spear] in the period of the latter part of 19th century. Shona tribe Bakatwa were and are passed down from generation to generation in a lineage, and were used in religious rituals to symbolise the presence of the owner’s ancestors, the dagger or sword’s previous owners. In these rituals, the owner addressed the bakatwa as if it was the physical embodiment of his ancestors. This link between the spirits and these edged weapons also meant that n’angas (diviner-healers) and svikiros (spirit-mediums) carried them as the insignia of their profession. Certain Shona hunters were traditionally believed to be under the spiritual influence and guidance of deceased hunters, known as shave spirits, so they also carried bakatwa as a symbol of their spirit ally. In historical times, all Shona men carried a knife or sword of some kind, for use in self-defence and hunting. The ceremonial bakatwa can be distinguished from everyday Shona blades (known as banga) because of its double-edged form and the intricate woven brass wire decoration on the hilt. This weapon was accorded a high level of prestige and status in traditional Shona religious practice.13 inches long overall. Similar examples can be viewed at the Pitt Rivers Museum Oxford. The Pitt Rivers Museum cares for the University of Oxford's collection of anthropology and world archaeology. Not a valuable piece, so easily affordable, yet very interesting
A Very Nice and Exceptional South African Zulu War Spear with Long Blade A nice 1870's Southern African stabbing spear, an officer's souvenir of the Zulu War. Zulu Iklwa style spear with a long steel tapering blade. The collar bound tightly with leather. As weapons, the Zulu warrior carried the iklwa stabbing spear (losing one could result in execution) and a club or cudgel fashioned from dense hardwood known in Zulu as the iwisa, usually called the knobkerrie in English, for beating an enemy in the manner of a mace. Zulu officers often carried the Zulu Axe, but this weapon was more of a symbol to show their rank. The iklwa – so named because of the sucking sound it made when withdrawn from a human body – with its long [10. inch) and broad blade was an invention of Shaka that superseded the older thrown ipapa (so named because of the "pa-pa" sound it made as it flew through the air). It could theoretically be used both in melee and as a thrown weapon, but warriors were forbidden in Shaka's day from throwing it, which would disarm them and give their opponents something to throw back. Moreover, Shaka felt it discouraged warriors from closing into hand to hand combat. Shaka's brother, and successor, Dingane reintroduced greater use of the throwing spear, perhaps as a counter to Boer firearms. In 1875 the 1st Battalion arrived in Southern Africa and subsequently saw service, along with the 2nd Battalion, in the 9th Xhosa War in 1878. In 1879 both battalions took part in the Zulu War, begun after a British invasion of Zululand, ruled by Cetshwayo. The 24th Foot took part in the crossing of the Buffalo River on 11 January, entering Zululand. The first engagement (and the most disastrous for the British) came at Isandhlwana. The British had pitched camp at Isandhlwana and not established any fortifications due to the sheer size of the force, the hard ground and a shortage of entrenching tools. The 24th Foot provided most of the British force and when the overall commander, Lord Chelmsford, split his forces on 22 January to search for the Zulus, the 1st Battalion (5 companies) and a company of the 2nd Battalion were left behind to guard the camp, under the command of Lieutenant-Colonel Henry Pulleine (CO of the 1/24th Foot). The Zulus, 22,000 strong, attacked the camp and their sheer numbers overwhelmed the British. As the officers paced their men far too far apart to face the coming onslaught. During the battle Lieutenant-Colonel Pulleine ordered Lieutenants Coghill and Melvill to save the Queen's Colour—the Regimental Colour was located at Helpmakaar with G Company. The two Lieutenants attempted to escape by crossing the Buffalo River where the Colour fell and was lost downstream, later being recovered. Both officers were killed. 10.4 inch blade.
A Very Nice Long 19th Century Zulu War Period Dagger, a Shona Bakatwa Made with the traditional leaf shaped blade, carved wood hilt and scabbard. The scabbard and hilt had been decorated in typical form of Zulu wire-work, a decorative fashion that originated utilising cut down British telegraph copper wire and geometric carving to the scabbard. Bound in it's highly distinctive spiral pattern also seen on Zulu knopkerie and assegai [war club and spear] in the period of the latter part of 19th century. Shona tribe Bakatwa were and are passed down from generation to generation in a lineage, and were used in religious rituals to symbolise the presence of the owner’s ancestors, the dagger or sword’s previous owners. In these rituals, the owner addressed the bakatwa as if it was the physical embodiment of his ancestors. This link between the spirits and these edged weapons also meant that n’angas (diviner-healers) and svikiros (spirit-mediums) carried them as the insignia of their profession. Certain Shona hunters were traditionally believed to be under the spiritual influence and guidance of deceased hunters, known as shave spirits, so they also carried bakatwa as a symbol of their spirit ally. In historical times, all Shona men carried a knife or sword of some kind, for use in self-defence and hunting. The ceremonial bakatwa can be distinguished from everyday Shona blades (known as banga) because of its double-edged form and the intricate woven brass wire decoration on the hilt. This weapon was accorded a high level of prestige and status in traditional Shona religious practice.17 inches long overall. Similar examples can be viewed at the Pitt Rivers Museum Oxford. The Pitt Rivers Museum cares for the University of Oxford's collection of anthropology and world archaeology. Not a valuable piece, so easily affordable, yet very interesting
A Very Nice Vintage Islamic Silver '7 Ring' Jambiya Boy's Dagger In Silver Probably Omani. With very fine silver scroll decoration and overlay decoration. All parts are of fine silver filigree work. The khanjar is the traditional dagger of Oman. It is similar to the Yemeni jambiya. The khanjar is curved and sharpened on both edges. It is carried in a sheath decorated in silver, on a belt similarly decorated in silver filigree. A khanjar appears on the flag of Oman, as part of the national emblem of Oman. The release of the Khanjar from its sheath before the 1970s was considered a social taboo and men would only do that if they sought revenge or assassination. Lawrence of Arabia had several very similar ones presented to him, they were his favourite dagger, and he was frequently photographed wearing them. One picture is a portrait of Lawrence with his silver Jambiya, near identical to this one. Good condition overall. Plain leather backing to the scabbard. Overall 8 inches long.
A Very Rare Civil War P.58/9 Enfield Naval Cutlass 'Lightened' Bayonet Serial numbered 87. This bayonet has a heavy unfullered cutlass shaped blade. The rare Victorian Naval Cutlass Bayonet type with the official 'removed bowl' lightened hilt. German contract made Paul Weyersberg blade. Good condition for age, some surface pitting. Chequered leather grip. Originally developed for service in the British navy, the 1858 Enfield rifle musket (also called the Pattern 58 or P58 Enfield) with 5 groove rifling was imported during the Civil War and saw action on both sides during the conflict. Great Britain exported nearly one million of the guns to America during the conflict, and it saw widespread use on both sides in every major battle from Shiloh in 1862 through the end of the war. during the summer of 1861, Commander James D Bullock of the Confederate Navy placed a separate order for 1,000 Pattern 1858 Naval Rifles, complete with Cutlass Bayonets. These short rifles with their cutlass bayonets (and 1,000 rounds of ammunition for each gun) were noted to have arrived in the Confederate port city of Savannah, GA on November 14, 1861, aboard the blockade runner Fingal (some sources note the arrival as 17th, but Bullock himself notes the 14th). Researchers believe that these Confederate purchased Naval rifles and their accompanying bayonets were numbered in their own series from 1-1000. To date a total of 19 extant examples of Confederate marked and numbered P-1858 Naval Rifles are known, along with a total of 34 Confederate numbered cutlass bayonets. 100 naval Enfields with cutlass bayonets were among the cargo of the Fingal, these weapons were issued to a company of Alabama infantry. The Enfield Rifle Pattern 1859 Cutlass Bayonet was imported during the Civil War by both the North and South for the both their Navy and Coastal Artillery units. These rifles had thicker barrels than the standard Pattern 1856 rifle and were rifled with 5 grooves instead of the normal 3 grooves. The British military wanted to create a dual-purpose bayonet for the rifle (much like Admiral Dahlgren did with his Bowie Knife/Bayonet for the US M-1861 Naval Rifle), and settled on a combination naval cutlass & bayonet as the most practical design. The length and weight of the bayonet must have made its use on the end of a rifle very awkward. In fact the bayonet had a massive 27.25 ” long blade and an overall length of around 33”, which was the same length as the barrel of the rifle that it was intended to be attached to. A few had the bowl officially removed to lighten the bayonet and make it far more manageable both on the rifle and in it's scabbard. This is one of those rare, officially altered bayonets
A Very Rare Early Royal Navy Sea Service Flintlock Pistol 1742 The very rare pre-regulation model, made before the standard, later, 1756 Sea Service regulation pattern. Crown GR lock, made by Willits, dated 1742, [a recorded London maker ] with the crowned ordnance inspector's/receiving mark, swan necked cock. All brass furniture, sea service butt cap with traditional short ears. Brass side plate with covered brass hole for the contemporaneously removed, long, belt hook screw. In 1756 the Royal Navy was issued with the official, regulation Long Sea Service Pistol, which over the next century was changed adapted and remodeled to encompass modern advances in technology. Prior to the 1756 pattern the Navy used pistols that were based around the standard regulation Dragoon Pistols, used by the British cavalry regiments, but it took almost two decades to regularize the pattern for the Royal Navy in 1756. This highly scarce piece is one of those rarely seen pre-regularized pistols that were made in the years before the official pattern was determined. On first viewing it appears almost identical, but on closer inspection, and once it's date is revealed, one can see the subtle differences that set it apart from it's 1756 successor. A near identical example in wreck recovered condition is in the National Maritime Collection, Their pistol was allegedly recovered from the wreck of the St Mathias in St Mary's Creek Chatham, that was sunk by fire during the assault by the Dutch on Chatham in 1667. This pistol has a further highly interesting feature. In the stock, at the grip, there are two purposefully cut notches. It has long been a tradition of both legend and fact that some would 'notch-up' a victory in combat on the hilt or handle his weapon. Some of the most infamous of these were outlaws and gunmen of the American Wild West, but the tradition is said to go back thousands of years. These notches are so deliberate, and without any other easily explained purpose, that it is very reasonable to assume these were executed for one and the same purpose, as a symbol or memory of victory by the sailor, maybe a ship sunk or captured, or an enemy cut down by gunfire in close quarter action. The barrel has an old service repair. The wreck recovered pistol can be viewed on the national maritime museum website. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Very Rare English 17th Century Hunting Sword Ex Claude Blair Collection This wonderful and very rare early 17th century piece [circa 1600] was exhibited in the Victoria & Albert Museum, on loan from the Claude Blair collection, from 1978. His obituary from the [London] Times is as follows [abridged]; Claude Blair, former Keeper of Metalwork in the Victoria and Albert Museum, was a world authority in his discipline. While contributing much to the postwar revival of the scholarly study of armour and weapons he also wrote several notable catalogues and books, including his remarkable European Armour (1958), which remains a classic in its field. His first official post was at the ancient Tower Armouries, the national collection of historic armour, cannon and weapons. Although he left it for an assistant keepership at the V&A in 1956, he always remained attached to the Armouries, and closely concerned about all that affected their welfare. Blair’s first significant book, European Armour, united his characteristic precision with profound learning. His other writings included his editing of the monumental two volumes of The Crown Jewels (1998). He was promoted to Keeper of the Department of Metalwork in 1972, and served in that capacity for ten years. The Society of Antiquaries to which he had been elected in 1956 recognised his services in 1998 by its gold medal. He served the Church of England by urging it to preserve its treasures — his late wife Joan was the daughter of the Rector of Little Bookham. His last publication, with Marian Campbell, Marcy (2008), was a fascinating investigation into the nefarious activities of a mastermind of Edwardian forgery and a highly entertaining as well as scholarly study. He was a liveryman of the goldsmiths and Armourers and Brasiers companies. He was appointed OBE in 1994 for his writings and CVO in 2005. We are most privileged to have the opportunity to offer some of Claude's collection, including this wonderful sword, that he purchased while curator of the V&A and it is accompanied by documentation referring to it. It was recovered from a graveyard by a couple of yob-de-hoys in Rotherhithe, in around 1956, just before it was re- built upon in 1960. Claude notes it was St Mary's graveyard, which abuts Rotherhithe St., and it's most noted gentleman who was thus interred therein was Capt Anthony Wood. He was remembered by memorial in the graveyard, and died and was buried their in a tomb in 1625. It was most common for gentleman to be buried with their achievements [swords, helmets etc.] and some were recovered in the 19th century, or most often when the properties were built upon during the rebuilding of Britain after the war. There is a most similar example to this sword in the Royal collection [number IX 1424] and it is photographed in Treasures of the Tower of London. That near identical sword, is identified by Claude Blair, and he notes that another most similar birds head pommel sword appear's in portrait of Henry, Prince of Wales, and of Lord Harrington dated 1603 [Metropolitan Museum of Art]. One other known example is in the Rothschild collection at Waddesdon Manor. The sword has a straight single-edged blade with double fuller over its entire length on each side stamped 'Hans Movm' (Johann Mum) between cross patents and within incised line borders, slightly hollowed rectangular ricasso, iron hilt (rear quillon and shell-guard missing) chiseled with foliage and retaining faint traces of original gilding, comprising recurved knuckle-guard with chiseled monster-head terminal, and slightly swelling grip with chiseled eagle-head pommel with open beak and protruding eyes. Swords that have been once exhibited, within one of the world's greatest museums, so rarely come on to the open market as to be almost negligable, but one that was also owned by one of the world's foremost experts on the subject is a prize indeed. Complete and accompanied by a small archive of paperwork from Claude Blair, handwriten, and also printed on Victoria and Albert Museum stationary.
A Very Rare, Royal Navy Open Half-Basket Hilted Sword, with Pierced Anchor This is a super Royal Naval sword from the early to mid 19th century, and a most rarely seen type. The guard has a fully carved and open half-basket pierced hilt, inset with a royal, crowned anchor. The grip is carved ribbed horn with fine and original multi wire binding. Plain steel, Wilkinson post 1827 pattern blade. Swords of this rare form are described, in the pre-eminent standard work 'Swords for Sea Service' by May and Annis, Volume 1, page 43. Very few of this sword type exist, and they describe them as, possibly, being made around the 1827-28 period, at the very cusp when the new regulations for naval officer's pattern swords were being set, and the swordmakers were pre-empting the regulations before being fully aware of their officially designated patterns. It certainly resembles the later Master-at-Arms sword's pattern, but, although that pattern was set in regulations with a plain or stepped pommel and black grip, as this one has, it was also set as having a solid half basket, the same as was deemed for the standard officer's sword. There is also conjecture that it was a sword made for midshipmen, but no full determination or firm conclusion has been made. In the National Maritime Museum collection there are only two similar, but with pipe back blades, and one has a lion pommel, with mane back strap, and an ivory grip. According to May and Annis it is concluded that they were anonomolous variants, and although used in service, very little of them is actually known, and very rarely are two quite the same ever seen. An absolute must for the collector of the various patterns of British Naval swords, and for the collector of rare British service swords. In forty years we have never seen quite it's like before, in comparison to the thousands of standard naval officers swords that we have had and sold. It comes with two brass scabbard mounts, one monogrammed E M. 32.25 inch long blade.
A Very Rare, Original, "Pirate Captain's" Combination Sword-Pistol C. 1740 A most superior example of a rare piece. From the Queen Anne to King George 1st period, a most fine hunting sword, with an armourer's marked blade, with a brass knuckle bow, embossed shell guard and robbed horn grip, and beautifully and most adeptly custom set with a Queen Anne flintlock cannon barrel pistol by Diemer of Berlin, within the hilt. In the late 17th and early 18th century Royal Navy ship's captains used hunting swords, both as their primary edged weapon arm, and as a signal of rank. On very rare occasions, swordsmiths would be charged by a Captain or officer to create a fiendishly devious combination weapon, comprising a sword with a flintlock pistol inset into the hilt. It is said they were particularly popular with the infamous maritime Privateers, and Buccaneers, who, in the most part, became notorious around the world as the Pirates of the Spanish Maine, such as Captain's William Kidd, George Booth, Edward Teach [Blackbeard] & Henry Jennings, to name but a few. Very few of these wonderful historical curios still exist outside of museums. They were also the use of a noble when hunting wild boar in the German forests to doubly ensure a successful the coup de grace, there are two most similar examples in Wawel Castle at Krakow, Poland and at the Jagdmuseum in Munich Germany This is a most superior quality example, completely operational, and in very sound order indeed. A rare opportunity to acquire one of these incredible early weapons that are only normally to be seen in world class national collections, or as modern replica facsimiles. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Very Scarce British Boer War Sam Browne & .455 Service Holster Used in the Boer War and into WW1. A very interesting example and black, with two crossover straps for the Cameronian Rifle regiment. A nice early British army officers Sam Browne, this is Victorian issue as can be told by the fact that it has large fully round brass attachment loops hanging down these were replaced by the common D ring type around 1900.
A Very Scarce British Colonial Flank Company Officer's Sword Circa 1795 Swords of the EIC British officers were often quite distinctive in their extravagant design. This rare style is typically shown in this fine sword's copper gilt hilt. With gilt rivetted wooden grip and extremely curved, flattened side, steel blade. In 1798, Tippu Sultan ruler of Mysore formed a vague alliance with the French, which gave the British governor-general Lord Wellesley a pretext to invade Mysore in alliance with the nizam of Hyderabad. Tippu was killed May, 1799 defending his capital at Shrirangapattana. This event against the 'Tiger of Mysore' was the subject of one of the later 'Sharpe of the 95th' books by Bernard Cornwall. His kingdom was divided among the victors. The East India Co. [for those who are unfamiliar with it] was one of the largest organisations ever to have existed, and it even had it's own Army and Navy, large and powerful enough to rival those any of any country in the world. It was run by British Officers and Gentleman, in India, to enable peaceful free trade throughout the British Empire. Founded by Royal Charter in 1600 it continued until 1858. It's successes were numerous and included the Victory of Sir Robert Clive [Clive of India] at the Battle of Plassey and the eradication of the infamous and fearful 'Thuggees' of the Cult of Kali. It created the greatest trading cities in the world Hong Kong and Singapore, it's Shipyards were the model for Peter the Great's city of St Petersberg. The barrel has a Jaipur Armoury storage mark so in it's working life it was at one time there.
A Very Scarce French Chassepot Rifle Artillery Musketoon Modele 1866 The scarce Artillery Musketoon model, St Etienne. Converted to the Gras system in 1874. Renamed the 1866-74. At some time this gun has been used by the French colonial troops, the famous Spahi, and over decorated with flamboyant inlays at the butt, possibly when the gun was retired from military service . 11mm calibre, .20+ inch barrel. no licence required.Its inventor was, Antoine Alphonse Chassepot, and it became the French service weapon in 1866. It was first used at the battlefield at Mentana, November 1867, where it inflicted severe losses on Garibaldi's troops. The event was reported at the French Parliament: "Les Chassepots ont fait merveille!", {The Chassepots did marvelous execution !} In the Franco-Prussian War (1870-1871) it proved greatly superior to the German Dreyse needle gun, outranging it by 2 to 1. Although it was a smaller caliber but the chassepot ammunition had more gunpowder and thus faster muzzle velocity. The Chassepots were responsible for most of the Prussian and other German casualties during the conflict. Small Gras cartridge adaption bolt head lacking As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Very Scarce Scottish Basket Hilted 18th Century Fencible Regiment Sword With distinctive two part centrally welded basket, in sheet iron, with scrolls and thistles there over. Interesting original regimental swords of the 18th century, from Scottish regiments are very much sought after throughout the entire world. Scottish Fencible Regiment's swords are now jolly rare indeed, yet they bare highly distinctive in their unique form. Fancy carved replacement grip. Some ironwork separation on the basket by the forte of the blade, but overall in good sound condition. Overall natural age surface pitting.
A Very Unusual Civil War 'C.Howard' Rimfire Long Gun with Underlever Action This is undoubtedly one of the scarce patent action guns made in the 1860's to 1870 that didn't make it into greater production. There are elements of similarity in this rifle to the profile of Jean Baptiste Revol's [of New Orleans] patent breech loading rifle of 1853. In America around this time all manner of new gun actions and mechanisms were being created, in order to utilize the latest breech loading cartridges that had been designed to replace the outdated percussion muzzle loading system. This rifle, although not in pristine condition, is a must for collectors of unusual and patented actions from this incredible era. For it was this very time, when no one new for certain which way the new cartridges could be made to function to their best advantage, that probably the most significant weapons were being created, and those systems and actions were to mould the whole industry of arms production even until today. Great and legendary gunsmiths, such as Henry [who sold out to Winchester], were striving to create the best, most efficient, and indeed most marketable methods to evolve the rifle into the next level of development and progress, and this is likely one of those that simply failed to make the grade. This gun is one of only 2000 Mr. C. Howard's patent guns ever made, including the examples made under contract by Whitney Arms of Conn. USA. Made from the 1862 patent by Howard from the Civil War and by Whitney from 1866 to 1870. Most examples are marked by Whitney but just a few were completely unmarked, and this is one of those few. Just a very few came to England in the late 19th century so although a very rare gun relatively speaking, it is far rarer here in the UK. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
A Victorian 1897 Infantry Officer's Combat & Dress Sword With steel half basket bearing Queen Victoria's monogram and crown, wire bound sharkskin grip and fully etched steel blade. It is set in it's dress steel scabbard, with top plating remaining, bottom plate gone. Used in the Boer War and WW1. The 1897 pattern Infantry officer's sword has remained unchanged to the present day. By the time of its introduction, the sword was of limited use on the battlefield against rapid-firing rifles, machine guns and long-range artillery. However, the new sword was regarded, when needed, as a very effective fighting weapon. Reports from the Sudan, where it was used in close-quarters fighting during the Reconquest of the Sudan 1896-99, were positive. Field Marshal Montgomery advanced with his 1897 Pattern drawn during a counter offensive in the First World War. The actual sword he carried is exhibited in the Imperial War Museum, London. The blade is described in the pattern as being 32+1/2 inches (830 mm) long and 1 inch (25 mm) wide at the shoulder, with the complete sword weighing between 1 lb 12oz and 1 lb 13 oz (794-822g). The blade is straight and symmetrical in shape about both its longitudinal axes. The thick blade has a deep central fuller on each side and is rounded on both its edge and back towards the hilt, giving a “dumbbell” or “girder” cross section. Through a gradual transition, the blade becomes double edged towards the tip, and the last 17 inches (430 mm) were sharpened when on active service. The blade ends in a sharp spear point. The blade would usually be decoratively etched on both sides. The guard is a three-quarter basket of pressed, plated steel. It is decorated with a pierced scroll-work pattern and had the royal cypher of the reigning monarch set over the lower knuckle bow. The grip, between 5 and 5 ¾ inches (127-146mm) long to suit the hand of the owner, was generally covered in ray or sharkskin and wrapped with German-silver wire. The grip is straight, with no offset to the blade. The sword shows a number of features that indicate its intent as a thrusting weapon. The spear point and double edge towards the point aids penetration and withdrawal by incising the wound edges. The blade, whilst quite narrow, is thick and its dumbbell section gives it good weak-axis buckling strength whilst maintaining robustness in bending for the parry. The blade tapers in both width and thickness and, with the substantial guard, has a hilt-biased balance, aiding agility at the expense of concussive force in a cut.
A Victorian 4th Btn South Wales Borderers Volunteers Glengarry Badge This badge, from the fourth quarter of the 19th century. From likely one of the most famous regiments of all time. The South Wales Borders, the 24th Foot [formerly the Warwickshire Regt.] was the Victorian regiment of the Zulu War Rourke's Drift Victoria Cross engagement fame, and the regiment that was near wiped out at the Isandhlwana massacre just the day before. Immortalised in Micheal Caine's epic film ZULU in the 1960's. This is the brief story of the 24th Foot in South Africa at the Isandhlwana massacre ; In 1875 the 1st Battalion arrived in Southern Africa and subsequently saw service, along with the 2nd Battalion, in the 9th Xhosa War in 1878. In 1879 both battalions took part in the Zulu War, begun after a British invasion of Zululand, ruled by Cetshwayo. The 24th Foot took part in the crossing of the Buffalo River on 11 January, entering Zululand. The first engagement (and the most disastrous for the British) came at Isandhlwana. The British had pitched camp at Isandhlwana and not established any fortifications due to the sheer size of the force, the hard ground and a shortage of entrenching tools. The 24th Foot provided most of the British force and when the overall commander, Lord Chelmsford, split his forces on 22 January to search for the Zulus, the 1st Battalion (5 companies) and a company of the 2nd Battalion were left behind to guard the camp, under the command of Lieutenant-Colonel Henry Pulleine (CO of the 1/24th Foot). The Zulus, 22,000 strong, attacked the camp and their sheer numbers overwhelmed the British. As the officers paced their men far too far apart to face the coming onslaught. During the battle Lieutenant-Colonel Pulleine ordered Lieutenants Coghill and Melvill to save the Queen's Colour—the Regimental Colour was located at Helpmakaar with G Company. The two Lieutenants attempted to escape by crossing the Buffalo River where the Colour fell and was lost downstream, later being recovered. Both officers were killed. At this time the Victoria Cross (VC) was not awarded posthumously. This changed in the early 1900s when both Lieutenants were awarded posthumous Victoria Crosses for their bravery. The 2nd Battalion lost both its Colours at Isandhlwana though parts of the Colours—the crown, the pike and a colour case—were retrieved and trooped when the battalion was presented with new Colours in 1880. Interestingly, in the film Zulu's voice over, the regiment is referred to as the South Wales Borderers but, officially, it was known [in 1879] as it's old name, the Warwickshire regiment
A Victorian British Connaught Rangers Officer's Helmet Tin the case which is emblazoned with the makers name Hawkes and a brass plaque with the officer's name and regiment engraved, Addis Delacombe Esq Connaught Rangers. The 1st Battalion deployed to South Africa as part of 5th (Irish) Brigade which was commanded by Major-General Fitzroy Hart. The Rangers took part in numerous engagements during the Boer War. The regiment took part in the Battle of Colenso on 15 December, part of the attempt to relieve the town of Ladysmith, besieged by Boer forces. The Rangers and the rest of the 5th (Hart's) Brigade, who were on the left flank, had been forced to perform over 20 minutes of drill before the advance. The Brigade suffered heavily during their participation in the battle, the Boers inflicting heavy casualties. The advance was met with a fire from three sides that forced them to withdraw. The battle ended in defeat for the British. That battle and two previous defeats at Magersfontein and Stormberg became known as 'Black Week'. The Rangers fought at Spion Kop and the Tugela Heights during further attempts by General Sir Redvers Buller to relieve the besieged town of Ladysmith. In late February the siege of Ladysmith finally came to an end after it was relieved by British forces. The regiment was awarded the battle honour Relief of Ladysmith in addition to South Africa 1899–1902. The 5th Brigade subsequently deployed to Kimberley and took part in further operations against the Boer guerillas. The Rangers finally departed South Africa for Ireland after the Boer War ended in 1902, and were also awarded the theatre honour. In 1908 the 1st Battalion arrived in India while the 2nd Battalion returned home to Ireland. The 1st and 2nd battalions of the regiment were given new Colours by HM King George V in 1911. The 2nd Battalion had left Ireland and was in England when the "war to end all wars", the First World War, began in August 1914. This tin is in untouched condition and could be much improved with simple cleaning but we have left 'as is' for those that prefer it as such.
A Victorian British Yataghan Bladed Bayonet For The Enfield Rifle Used on the Indian Mutiny Enfield 2 Band Rifles. With a good recurved Yataghan blade, three rivet chequered leather grip, steel mounted leather scabbard. These Bayonets were also very popular and used by both the North and South in the American Civil War. Locking button lacking.
A Victorian Durham Light Infantry Helmet Plate Ist Volunteer Battalion In white metal with black centre. The 1st Durham Rifle Volunteer Corps was formed at Stockton-on-Tees in 1860, and in 1880 was amalgamated with other Durham corps, from Darlington, Castle Eden and Middlesbrough, to form a battalion of eight companies. The 1st Durhams later became the 1st Volunteer Battalion of the Durham Light Infantry and as such gained the battle honour `South Africa 1900-02' for the services of its members during the Boer War.
A Victorian Horseguard's Officer's Sword of The Boer War The sword of the elite Royal Horse Guards, the monarch's mounted bodyguard. A sabre of the Boer War vintage, fully ordnance marked and dated. Good wirebound fishskin grip. Blackened finish. Overall surface pitting. No scabbard. Made by Robert Mole. The Royal Horse Guards (RHG) is a cavalry regiment of the British Army, part of the Household Cavalry. Founded August 1650 in Newcastle Upon Tyne by Sir Arthur Haselrig on the orders of Oliver Cromwell as the Regiment of Cuirassiers, the regiment became the Earl of Oxford's Regiment during the reign of King Charles II. As the regiment's uniform was blue in colour at the time, it was nicknamed "the Oxford Blues", from which was derived the nickname the "Blues." In 1750 the regiment became the Royal Horse Guards Blue and eventually, in 1877, the Royal Horse Guards (The Blues). The RHG gaoned Battle Honours in the Boer War at the Relief of Kimberley & Paardeberg, South Africa 1899-1900 The Battle of Paardeberg or Perdeberg ("Horse Mountain") was a major battle during the Second Anglo-Boer War. It was fought near Paardeberg Drift on the banks of the Modder River in the Orange Free State near Kimberley. Lord Methuen advanced up the railway line in November 1899 with the objective of relieving the besieged city of Kimberley (and the town of Mafeking, also under siege). Battles were fought on this front at Graspan, Colenso, Modder River before the advance was halted for two months after the British defeat at the Battle of Magersfontein. In February 1900, Field Marshal Lord Roberts assumed personal command of a significantly reinforced British offensive. The army of Boer General Piet Cronjé was retreating from its entrenched position at Magersfontein towards Bloemfontein after its lines of communication were cut by Major General John French, whose cavalry had recently outflanked the Boer position to relieve Kimberley. Cronje's slow-moving column was intercepted by French at Paardeberg, where the Boer general eventually surrendered after a prolonged siege, having fought off an attempted direct assault by Lieutenant General Horatio Kitchener.
A Victorian Lancashire Artillery Officer's Sword With steel hilt, sharkskin grip with original part wire binding, steel combat scabbard, fully etched blade with regimental name of the Lancashire Artillery, etched with the traditional artillery lightning flashes, flaming grenade and cannon. Used in the Crimean War to Boer War period.
A Victorian Other Ranks Helmet Plate For 'The Buffs' East Kent Regt. A superb helmet plate for one of the great frontline regiments of the British Army. The Buffs (Royal East Kent Regiment), formerly the 3rd Regiment of Foot was an infantry regiment of the British Army until 1961. It had a history dating back to 1572 and was one of the oldest regiments in the British Army being third in order of precedence (ranked as the 3rd Regiment of the line). It provided distinguished service over a period of almost four hundred years accumulating one hundred and sixteen battle honours
A Victorian Police Constable's Decorated Truncheon Painted finish but considerably worn. Traditional form with ribbed grip long shaft and decorated with Queen Victoria's cypher and Crown. The 18th century had been a rough and disorderly age, with mob violence, violent crimes, highwaymen, smugglers and the new temptations to disorder brought about by the Industrial Revolution. Clearly something had to be done. In 1829 the Metropolitan Police Force, organised by Sir Robert Peel, was established to keep the order in London. The force, under a Commissioner of the Police with headquarters at Scotland Yard, was essentially a civilian one: its members were armed only with wooden truncheons and at first wore top-hats and blue frock-coats. The "Peelers" or "Bobbies" were greeted largely with derision by Londoners, but they did become accepted fairly quickly. Thier primary purpose was to prevent crime, and some London criminals left their haunting grounds of London for the larger provincial towns, which in turn established their own forces on the Metropolitan model. The pattern followed through to the small villages and countryside. To secure co-operation between the spreading network and establish further forces, Parliament passed an act in 1856 to co-ordinate the work of the various forces and gave the Home Secretary the power to inspect them. In the counties, under the Police Act of 1890, the police became the combined responsibility of the local authorities - the County Councils - and the Justice of the Peace, while in London, the Metropolitan Police at Scotland Yard remained under the Commissioner appointed by the Home Office. At the turn of the century, the British police force established a reputation for humane and kindly efficiency. Their mere existence undoubtedly did a lot to prevent crime, and they built up what was on the whole a highly effective system of investigation and arrest.
A Victorian Policeman's Set, Handcuffs, Belt, Whistle, Armband & Truncheon This is a wonderful Victorian London police officer's set from the era of Jack The Ripper, and used into the early Edwardian London. All original set, a fabulous pair of 'Derby's' serial numbered with matching original key, marked by Hiatt, key with coat chain and bar, the Metropolitan Police officer's whistle, marked Metropolitan Police, by J Hudson & Co. of Barr St. with it's original chain and hook, a fine walnut truncheon in excellent condition, a superb constables leather 'snake buckle' belt with Crown M.P stamp to the inner part, and the Policeman's "Duty" band/armlet pre 1880 type. From the mid 1800's the Police wore a band on the lower left sleeve to show when they were on duty. This earliest version is a white backing with two narrow dark blue stripes running horizontally around it. In the 1880's these usually changed to equal width stripes of blue and white running vertically around it. J Hudson & Co. founded in the 1870s in Birmingham by Joseph Hudson (1848- 1930) and his brother James Hudson (1850 - 1888) .
A Victorian Queen's South Africa Medal Awarded to Private Hogg 14th Company Imperial Yeomanry. On 13 December 1899, the decision to allow volunteer forces serve in the Second Boer War was made. Due to the string of defeats during Black Week in December, 1899, the British government realized they were going to need more troops than just the regular army, thus issuing a Royal Warrant on 24 December 1899. This warrant officially created the Imperial Yeomanry. In February 1900 the Yeomanry's commander was Major-General J. P. Brabazon, being in South Africa at the time, followed shortly by Lord Chesham who was appointed as its brigadier-general. The Royal Warrant asked standing Yeomanry regiments to provide service companies of approximately 115 men each. In addition to this, many British citizens (usually mid-upper class) volunteered to join the new regiment. Although there were strict requirements, many volunteers were accepted with substandard horsemanship/marksmanship; however, they had significant time to train while awaiting transport. The first contingent of recruits contained 550 officers, 10,371 men in 20 battalions of four companies each, which arrived in South Africa between February and April, 1900. Upon arrival, the regiment was sent throughout the zone of operations.
A Victorian Royal Artillery Undress Pouch and Bullion Cross Belt Gold bullion crossbelt with gilt bronze fitting of traditional finest quality. A leather undress pouch with gilt brass swivel mounts. Reverse of leather pouch with old score marks. The undress pouch is in patent leather with gilt Royal Artillery badge and motto. The belt has superb original bullion with gilt bronze mounts, embellished finely cast acanthus leaves and the flaming canon ball. The design of the full dress pouch followed that of the full dress sabretache in that the royal arms were central over the battle honour, UBIQUE, latin for 'everywhere'. Laurel leaves are on the left and oak leaves on the right. Below UBIQUE is a metal gun badge, and below that is a three part scroll with the regimental motto QUO FAS ET GLORIA DUCUNT - Where Right and Glory Lead. This pouch was worn for special occasions. Mostly the full dress pouch belt was worn with the undress black leather pouch. A vintage photo in the gallery show a Royal Artillery officer wearing his cross belt and pouches [however, the pouches are worn across the back and not visible from the front in this photo].
A Victorian Stafford shire Cavalry Albert Pattern Helmet The Stafford shire Yeomanry (Queen's Own Royal Regiment) was a unit of the British Army. Raised in 1794 following Prime Minister William Pitt's order to raise volunteer bodies of men to defend Great Britain from foreign invasion, the Staffordshire Yeomanry began as volunteer cavalry regiment. It first served overseas at the time of the Boer War. Following distinguished action in Egypt and Palestine in the First World War, it developed with the deployment of artillery and tanks. The Imperial Yeomanry’s first action was on 5 April 1900, when members of 3rd and 10th battalions fought Boer volunteers led by Frenchman Count de Villebois-Mareuil at Boshof. After a series of tactical errors, the Boers were subsequently surrounded. The Count was killed, and the Imperial Yeomanry was victorious, suffering only three casualties. The next action took place in Lindley, a Boer held town. On 27 May 1900, due to a miscommunication, the 13th battalion (under Lieutenant Colonel Basil Spragge) arrived at Lindley where they were ambushed by a group of Boers. Rather than retreat, Spragge decided to fight until aid arrived. Although a message for help did arrive, it did not describe the urgency of the situation, and no help came until it was too late. One officer and 16 men were killed (with another officer and three more men later dying of wounds), and 400 were captured. Following the disaster at Lindley, the Yeoman rode hundreds of miles over the Veldt, but rarely encountered any Boers. With the rate of disease and death rising, morale was falling. During the later part of 1900 they had a few small victories, but still nothing major. Finally, in September, 1900, the City Imperial Volunteers were returning to England, instead of the Imperial Yeoman. This plummeted the morale, and a high number of Yeoman volunteered to join police forces to escape the monotony of regular duty. Due to this, only one-third of the original force was still serving. Eventually, in June or July 1901, all of the first recruits returned to England, except the ones who re-enlisted. The second contingent Due to the lack of numbers for the Imperial Yeomanry, the War Office went on a recruiting spree, which occurred in the early months of 1901. The recruits for the second contingent were usually working class, as opposed to the first contingent. They received extremely poor training and were shipped to South Africa (over 700 were shipped back to England because they were "medically unsuitable or unlikely to become efficient soldiers"). In total, 16,597 men were recruited, including 655 who re-enlisted. The second contingent's first battle was at Vlakfontein in May 1901. Brigadier General Dixon led a force of 230 men from the 7th battalion, as well as artillery, some Scottish Horse, and some men of the Derbyshires. Around 500 Boers attacked the rear party, and the Yeomen fled after suffering 70 casualties. Because of the hasty retreat of the Yeomen, the unsupported Derbyshires and artillerymen were subsequently gunned down. Only a counter-attack by the Scottish Horse and some King's Own Scottish Borderers saved the artillery pieces. Due to the humiliating defeat, the Imperial Yeomanry’s reputation was destroyed and their suitability was questioned in Parliament. By September 1901, the second contingent had improved immensely, as demonstrated by a skirmish near Rustenburg. The men of the 5th and 9th battalions fought off an attack on a column, receiving only 12 dead. As the war progressed, the British government planned to reduce the number of Imperial Yeomen. However, recruits were being raised as early as December to have time for adequate training (although they arrived right before the war ended, and had little impact). The worst disaster for the second contingent was at the Battle of Groenkop (also known as Tweefontein) on 25 December 1901. The 11th battalion was caught off guard by Boers led by General De Wet. The Boers, from a higher position, fired into the tents of sleeping Yeomen. Casualties were 68 were killed, 121 wounded, and 600 taken prisoner. On 25 February 1902 a small skirmish occurred when Boer General De la Rey attacked and captured a convoy at Yzerspruit. The 5th battalion of Imperial Yeomanry was left with 28 dead and 34 wounded. The last major battle was the Battle of Tweebosch on 7 March 1902, when a column under the control of Methuen was attacked by 2000 Boers with artillery. The colonial mounted troops fled, taking most of the Imperial Yeomanry with them. The regular troops left with the convoy had no chance, and ended up with 68 dead, 121 wounded and 600 taken prisoner.
A Victorian Yataghan Bladed Bayonet. Fully Enfield Marked Enfield bayonet. Leather grips are held by three rivets and the external spring is riveted in place. sharp beaked pommel and straight cross guard with forward swept finial on each end.
A Victorian, 1860's Queens Westminster Volunteers Silver Buckle A super silver buckle, with excellent detail and quality. 6cm
A Vintage Carved Aboriginal Shield With Kangaroo and Emu. very nice quality & stands as a piece of art as well as an Aboriginal implement. It is a good size (22" long x 4" at the widest) & handcarved from a heavy solid grain timber, possibly West Australian Mulga It is in very nice condition Best of all is the quality of the decoration, it has one kangaroo and two emu on the back (handle side) & a wonderful scene with three kangaroos & two emu on the front. Even the background has been carved with a fine textured look which must have taken some time, no doubt the artist really had talent & took pride in the quality of their work.
A Watercolour By Orlando Norie Of Infantry Officer With a little staining. One of England's foremost military watercolourists. Framed. circa 1875. Orlando Norie was one of the most desirable painters of the British army in the 19th century.His pictures are highly sought after and command high prices. He was a descendant of the celebrated Edinburgh family of artists and designers, son of Sir Robert Norie and a descendant of James Norie the Elder. Orlando Norie painted over 5,300 paintings, mostly water colours. He was born in Belgium in Bruges on January 15, 1832 to Scottish parents and Norie spent most of his life painting in Dunkirk, painting mostly for the British firm of Rudolf Ackermann. Orlando Norie's military paintings were first recognised in 1854 when his print of the Battle of the Alma (Crimean War) published by Ackermann was advertised. This military print edition was quickly followed by the prints of the Battle of Inkerman and the Battle of Balaclava. Many future paintings were made into prints by Ackermann and many of his paintings were exhibited in major exhibitions, one of which was staged in 1873 featuring paintings of the Military Autumn Manoeuvres in Aldershot held in September and October 1871. Orlando Norie died in 1901 and is buried in the old cemetery in Aldershot adjacent to the Commonwealth War Cemetery.He has illustrated military books and his art works are held in many private collections, as well as the Victoria and Albert Royal Collection, the National Army Museum, the India Office library and many regimental museums. In 1887 he completed a commission for Queen Victoria. Painting 6 inches x 7.5 inches,
A Winchester Model of 1866 'Yellow Boy' Saddle Ring Carbine .44 Henry Rim. A stunning Winchester Rifle '1866', 4th model, serial numbered to 1878. The steel has been completely and thoroughly 'no expense spared' re-finished throughout around 30 years ago. Apparently, this rifle was part of an old gun store's permanent window display for more than two decades, whereupon it was sent to be completely re-finished, to return it to as close as possible to it's once 'as new' condition. A lot of the original markings of..Winchester Repeating Arms New Haven Ct. King's Improvement Patented March 29th 1866, Oct 16 1860 are still present to the barrel, but worn away in parts between Winchester.. &.. New Haven. The serial number is good, in the typical and distinctive scrolling script of the fourth model [behind the lever]. The internal inside tang, toe of the butt plate, and stock channel, each has the number 924 stamped. The rifling is present, clear, but as to be expected, worn. Winchester rifle refers to any of the lever-action rifles manufactured by the Winchester Repeating Arms Company, though the company has also manufactured many rifles of other action types. Winchester rifles were among the earliest repeating rifles; the Winchester repeater is colloquially known as "The Gun that Won the West" for its predominant role in the hands of Western settlers. The original Winchester rifle - the Winchester Model 1866 - was famous for its rugged construction and lever-action mechanism that allowed the rifleman to fire a number of shots before having to reload: hence the term "repeating rifle." Nelson King's new improved patent remedied flaws in the Henry rifle [ the original model of lever repeating rifle] by incorporating a loading gate on the side of the frame and integrating a round sealed magazine which was covered by a fore stock. Originally chambered in the rim fire .44 Henry, the Model 1866 was nicknamed the "Yellow Boy" because of its brass receiver. Small stock repair to the outside butt stock, and small bruise to the outside gun frame. The small, lever locking lug has been replaced with a plain screw. The action is very crisp and tight. The rarest Winchester's that look as this one, but are in a completely 'original' state, condition and finish, can now approach and pass six figure dollar sums. Collectors in the UK can own this gun without license and without deactivation, as it's cartridge was declared obsolete under section 58,2 of the UK firearms legislation.
A Wonderful Georgian Miniature Foldaway Corkscrew and Hook In delightfully blued steel and only 3.25cm long when folded. Made to be used with very small, corked, poison and cologne glass bottles. And as a button hook for shoe buckles. Circa 1820-30
A Wonderful Late Georgian to Victorian Flamboyant Bladed Belt Dirk A most beautiful dagger with steel ball ended quillons, ebonised hilt with carved pineapple pommel. The flamboyant bladed dagger was more often than not associated with the secret societies as the blade represented the snake. Dirks of this size were also extremely popular with Georgian officer's of the navy as a close quarter protection piece and for midshipman to carry while on duty.
A Wonderful, Very, Very Rare European Medeavil Hauberk Chain Mail Shirt European early mail is really rare and only ever seen in such a near complete state in the best museum or castle armoury collections, such as in the Tower of London, Nuremburg Castle or the British Museum. This mail would be ideal for the connoisseur of medieval European history or the collector of rare armour. It must be said it has little cosmetic beauty at present, but it has a near unlimited abundance of the intellectual beauty of ancient history, and a surviving example of the pageantry from the days of early, European, chivalric knighthood. This is a medieval Hauberk from the late Crusades era up to the 14th - 15th century, and at one time it was housed in the keep of Burleigh Castle. The mail coat or hauberk formed a flexible metal mesh that was often worn over a padded tunic. The traditional image of the knight encased in a full suit of plate armor did not come about until the 1400s. It is relatively complete with some separated areas that could be reconnected with a little patience and skill. The word hauberk is derived from an old German word Halsberge, which originally described a small piece of mail that protects the throat and the neck (the 'Hals'). The Roman author Varro attributes the invention of mail to the Celts. The earliest extant example was found in Ciumesti in modern Romania and is dated to the 4th-5th centuries BC. Roman armies adopted similar technology after encountering it. Mail armour spread throughout the Mediterranean Basin with the expansion of the Romans. It was quickly adopted by virtually every iron-using culture in the world, with the exception of the Chinese. The Chinese used it rarely, despite being heavily exposed to it from other cultures. The short-hemmed, short-sleeved hauberk may have originated from the medieval Islamic world. The Bayeux Tapestry illustrates Norman soldiers wearing a knee-length version of the hauberk, with three-quarter length sleeves and a split from hem to crotch. Such armor was quite expensive — both in materials (iron wire) and time/skill required to manufacture it — Only the wealthy — the nobles — could afford to purchase mail shirts, and so a hauberk became a symbol of rank for the warrior class of society. The first step involves the smelting of iron, and after that, one must make the wire. Making the wire requires the use of small, thin sheets of iron and then shearing thin strips off the sides of this sheet in order to form square wires, or using another method, one can repeatedly beat and shape small iron pieces into narrow rods in order to form the raw material needed for wire. After making the rods, the armorer must reheat and draw the strips through conical holes in a metal block to form round wire, and if thinner wire is needed, he can repeat this step several times using narrower holes. Once the wire is reduced to the desired diameter, it is then wrapped around a metal rod to create long, spring-like coils. The armorer then cuts along the length of the coil, down one side with shears or hammer or cutting chisel, and this causes the coils to separate into individual rings. Each ring is then flattened with a tool called a die, or something similar, and while flattening, the die also punches holes in each end of the ring. The armorer then overlaps the ends of each ring and rivets them shut. This process of flattening, punching with a die, joining the rings together, and then riveting them might have to be repeated thousands of times in order to make a single shirt of mail. The hauberk stored in the Prague Cathedral, dating from the 12th century, is one of the earliest surviving examples from Central Europe and was supposedly owned by Saint Wenceslaus. In Europe, use of mail hauberks continued up through the 14th century, when plate armor began to supplant it. The hauberk is typically a type of mail armour which is constructed of interlocking loops of metal woven into a tunic or shirt. The sleeves sometimes only went to the elbow, but often were full arm length, with some covering the hands with a supple glove leather face on the palm of the hand, or even full mail gloves. It was usually thigh or knee length, with a split in the front and back to the crotch so the wearer could ride a horse. It sometimes incorporated a hood, or coif. The iron links of the mail shirt provided a strong layer of protection and flexibility for the wearer. The overlapping rings allowed a slashing or cutting blow from a sword to glance off without penetrating into the skin; though a smashing blow from a club could still shatter or break or crush bones. For this reason — to prevent the breakage of bones — a knight would wear a layer of padded armor, or an aketon, underneath the mail. So the combined layers of padded tunic and mail gave the knight a suit of armor that was nearly impervious to cutting and slashing and also protective against the heavy, smashing blows often delivered on the medieval battlefield. 2 Illistrations in the gallery of the Bayeaux tapestry [embroidery] show hauberk's being carried for battle, on long poles, by the squires, and a hauberk, in the second picture section, being taken from a fallen knight's body [lower section under Harold Rex].
A Zeppelin Landing Medal Of 31st July 1909 A scarce and collectable medal from the earliest days of airship travel. In good condition with replacement ribbon. Graf Zeppelin landed for the first time in Frankfurt with his airship "LZ II" on July 31, 1909. Thousands of spectators cheered so loudly that Graf Zeppelin could not hear the words of greeting from Mayor Adickes. To this day, the Graf Zeppelin memorial near the future Rebstockpark serves as a reminder of his pioneering work. The Rebstock became the home of the flight pioneers. Pilots gathered for the first international flying competition during the "Flyer week" as a part of the "International Airship Exposition" (ILA) in October 1909. The German Airship Transportation company (DELAG) opened the "Airship Harbor Frankfurt" on the Rebstock grounds on March 4, 1912, using the remodeled manor house as headquarters. The festive event was celebrated with the arrival of the dirigible "Viktoria Louise". The "Frankfurt Airport" was opened on the grounds of the Rebstock in August 1926. By 1928, this was the second largest airport in Germany, after Berlin.
All Steel Antique Silver Inlaid Kindjal. A medium size Kindjal typical of these Russian and Caucasian daggers. Silver worn in parts. A nice antique piece.19th century. 40cm o/a length
An 16th-17th Century Italian Left Handed Dagger Long single edged blade with false edge, triple section grip in horn and ivory, bronze pommel cap. Pierced steel shell guard with scalloped edge. The parrying dagger is a category of small hand-held weapons from the European late Middle Ages and early Renaissance. These weapons were used as off-hand weapons in conjunction with a single-handed sword. As the name implies they were designed to parry, or defend, more effectively than a simple dagger form, typically incorporating a wider guard, and often some other defensive features to better protect the hand, as well. The main-gauche is used mainly to assist in parrying incoming thrusts, while the dominant hand wields a rapier or similar longer weapon intended for one-handed use. It may also be used for attack if an opportunity arises. The general category includes two more specific kinds of weapon: sword breakers and trident daggers. The use of an off-hand weapon gradually fell out of favor as sword fighting evolved into the modern sport of fencing. The use of progressively lighter primary weapons such as the small sword, épée, and foil allowed for greater speed. Under these circumstances the use of just a primary weapon offered improvements in balance as well as a stance that offered a smaller target.
An 17th 18th Century Shamshir [Wootz-Damascus Steel] Disc Tulwar Hilt A most interesting sword with a deeply curved blade and with a likely wootz type damascus blade due to it's high rigidity, typical of such swords. Due to aged greyness no blade grain clearly visible.
An 17th-18th Century Indo-Persian Combination War Hammer-Axe & Gun This Tabar Zin shows characteristics of both, functional and battle weapon. A well made weapon with heavy half-moon shaped axe on one side of the steel shaft, and a hammer on the other side, for the crushing of armour and helmets, and a steel gun using the barrel as the haft. The touch hole is in within the hammer section. The triple function use of this amazing piece makes it not only a scarce collectable but a superb conversational piece
An 1816 King George IIIrd East India Co. Flintlock Officer's Fusil Musket Although officers would not usually require the use of a musket in general combat service [only, more usually, officer's pistols or a sword], some, may in certain combat circumstances have required the service of a Fusil, which was effectively a better quality, light weight musket, possibly with finer mounts or features, such as stock chequering. When one's regular army career was over, and one was placed on the reserve or half pay list, one's fusil, that had been used in the service of the regiment, possibly, for many years, could be then used by the officer in his retired life on the farm or country estate. This is one of those long arms, and a jolly nice example. The lock is marked for the East India Co, and dated 1816. It was the independant Chartered British controlled Army [and Navy] that ran India, with British officers, for the British Empire for nigh on a 100 years, until the Indian Mutiny, when it was dissolved. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
An 1850'S British Pioneer and Royal Navy Cutlass Brass hilt, steel sawbacked blade, with brass and leather mounted scabbard. Invented for use in the Crimean War, issued as a regimental sapper's weapon for defences and siege construction, and then many were recalled [in the late Victorian era and early 20th century] and re-issued to the Royal Navy for Naval Brigades, for use as a cutlass as well as a sapper's sword. Some were recorded as being used by the British Navy in the Boxer Rebellion in 1900. Made by Robert Mole.
An 1853 Spanish Percussion Miquelet Lock Sporting Gun With fine walnut stock, percussion miquelet lock, and a wolfs head motif set onto the inside stock butt. Barrell dated 1853 with proof marks. Miquelet (Catalan "Little Michael") is a late term, largely used by and for the benefit of the English speaking world, widely applied to a distinctive form of gunlock mechanism (lock), originally as a flint-against-steel ignition form, with the main spring on the external face, prevalent in the Mediterranean lands and Spanish America, in the late 16th to early 19th centuries. Sometime in the middle 1570s, Madrid gunsmiths introduced a prototype miquelet lock, possibly based on a lock developed in Brescia. The prototype was further developed by Madrid gunmakers, almost certainly including the Marquart family of Royal gunmakers, into the Spanish patilla style now most associated with the miquelet. The miquelet lock, with its combined battery and pan cover was the final innovative link that made the true flintlock mechanism possible. It proved to be both the precursor and companion to the true flintlock. Two major variants of the miquelet were produced. The Spanish lock where the mainspring pushed up on the heel of the cock foot and the two sears engaged the toe of the cock foot. The other variant was the Italian type where the mainspring pushed down on the toe of the cock foot and the sears engaged the cock on the heel of the foot The origin of the term as it applies to this lock mechanism is a matter of opinion, one commonly held opinion being that the term was originated by British troops in the Peninsular War ascribing the term to the particular style of musket or fusil used by the Miquelet (militia) assigned to the Peninsular Army of Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington. (As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
An 1856 Pattern Royal Marines Drummer's Sword, Rare Curved Blade Pattern. Sword in good condition, with Royal Marines markings, but the scabbard is very poor but we are having it carefuuly restored. An unusual version of the Victorian bandsman sword as the straight bladed version is far more standard. The price includes the repair but the photos don't show it yet
An 18th Cent. Flintlock 'Spring Gun', As Used At Williamsburg Va.in 1775 It was this very type of gun that was part of the cause of the American War of Independence in Virginia in June 1775 [more of that to follow later]. An intriguing man-trap curiosa in the form of a flintlock gun trap, bed into a mount of harmless looking wooden log. It would be set, seeming innocent, upon a pile of old logs, but wired up to a set of trip wires. When a non too innocent trespasser, vagabond, thief or poacher tripped the wire the gun would both at once, spin around to face them, and then to discharge it's volley, shooting the victim with shot or single ball. Historically spring traps were mechanical firearm devices for catching or wounding poachers and trespassers. The gun would not only punish the victim but alert the landowner, gamekeeper or guard to their presence if in earshot. Landowners or officers at this time had no compunctions about setting lethal traps to keep out those they legally defined as trespassers from estates or restricted areas of important defence. A historic use of a spring-gun occurred during the night of June 3 or early morning of June 4, 1775 when a spring-gun set by the British to protect the military stores in the Magazine in Williamsburg, Virginia wounded two young men who had broken in. The subsequent outrage by the local population proved to be the final act of the Gunpowder Incident, leading Governor Lord Dunmore to flee the city to a British warship and declare the Commonwealth of Virginia in a state of rebellion. Rumours that the royal marines were returning brought out the militia. On June 8, after Dunmore fled to H.M.S. Fowey. British rule in Virginia was at an end. American history is littered with heroes and villains. The American founding fathers—Washington, Adams, Jefferson, Madison, Hamilton, and Franklin, however, John Murray, the Fourth Earl of Dunmore, garners the distinction of America’s first villain. Lord Dunmore was the British Royal Governor of Virginia at the time of the American Revolution and a foremost adversary of the colonists. As a colonial governor in the mid-1770’s, Lord Dunmore would have been a controversial man due to his title alone. Lord Dunmore’s lack of diplomatic skills and drastic crisis control made him a convenient target for colonial hatred during the build up to the American Revolution, compelling Thomas Jefferson to cite his actions in the list of grievances against the British Empire in the Declaration of Independence. In November 1775 Lord Dunmore, royal governor of Virginia, issued a proclamation promising freedom for any enslaved black in Virginia who joined the British army. Within a month, nearly three hundred slaves had joined what would be known as “Lord Dunmore’s Ethiopian Regiment.” Later, thousands of slaves fled plantations for British promises of emancipation. At the end of the war, the British kept their word, to some at least, and evacuated as many as fourteen thousand “Black Loyalists” to Nova Scotia, Jamaica, and England Another recorded victim of the spring gun was in England, in late in 1815, a poacher named Thomas Till had actually been killed by a tripwire-activated spring gun, to the outrage of his compatriots. In 1827, their use was made illegal in England, except within a house itself, between sunset and sunrise, as a defence against burglars and ne'er do wells.
An 18th Century Anglo-American Small sword Circa 1775 Very likely English made and used in the Americas by both English and American officers of the Army or Navy. In blackened cut steel, single knuckle bow and an ovoid neo classical pommel with a fine diamond cut pattern. Plain wooden grip oval guard with small pas dan. Hollow trefoil blade with central fuller. Original blackened finish. One pas dans and the quillon have been shortened See the standard work "Swords and Blades of the American Revolution" by George C. Neumann Published 1973. Sword 216s. Page 136 for two very similar swords. Due to the original blackened hilt, one could dub this a "mourning" sword. A mourning sword was one that would generally have blackened fittings (hilt and grip) and was worn at funerals, but they were also worn as an everyday item of informal dress, which would rule out the idea that they were only worn for somber occasions, and worn by officers, with a gilt or parcel-gilt knot for embellishment. A particular painting showing a very good example of this is in the National Maritime Museum and it is most similar. The painting is of British Naval Captain Hugh Palliser, who wears the same form of sword with a blackened hilt , but with a gold sword knot which gave it a sleek overall appearance. A full-length portrait of Sir Hugh Palliser, Admiral of the White, turning slightly to the right in captain's uniform (over three years seniority), 1767-1774. He stands cross-legged, leaning on the plinth of a column, holding his hat in his right hand. The background includes a ship at sea. From 1764 to 1766, when he was a Captain, Palliser was Governor of Newfoundland, where James Cook, who had served under him earlier, was employed charting the coast. He was subsequently Comptroller of the Navy and then second-in-command to Augustus Keppel at the Battle of Ushant in 1778. Good condition overall, Blade 27.5 inches long
An 18th Century Hallmarked Solid Silver Butt Cap For A Gentleman's Musket Heavy guage, cast, King George IIIrd London silver, dated either 1769 or 1789 [difficult to tell exactly]. This would enhance a musket or fowling piece up to a whole new level, either as a replacement for a plain brass type, or to replace a missing example. 147.5 grams weight, butt 50mm x 124mm, butt tang 105mm
An 18th Century Miquelet Lock Pistol Likely North African with a Spanish lock. A typical Spanish lock pistol from the region, with simple stock and furniture and a plain steel barrel. Extremely popular at the time as their cost was much more competive compared to their European counterparts, and many saw service in the old Ottoman Empire and throughout Portugal, Italy and Spain, by lesser equiped irregulars who fought in the Napoleonic Wars, against the French occupiers of the Iberian Peninsular. We have had to have the lock completely refurbished in order to restore all the original parts to the mechanism [that had been wrongly replaced with composite parts]. It now works perfectly and has all it's now correct type original period parts. Pistols of this form often came into England in the 19th century from the earliest steamship tourists that travelled with such companies as the White Star Line or the Cunard Steamship Line.Victorian travellers of the time may often pick up these old pistols from the souks and bazaars in North Africa, Zanzibar and the Ottoman port of Constantinople. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
An 18th Century Small Sword Rapier. A Long, Boot or Cloak Sword Cast brass hilt with relief figural decoration, and hawthorn wood grip. Steel rapier blade with engraving and deep fuller. No knuckle bow or guard. No scabbard. Circa 1750. The knuckle bow and guard have been purposefully removed and the hilt re-attached. We had one quite similar, around 20 years ago, which came with an old article from a Connoisseur journal, It described, what was called, a boot or cloak sword. In the days of the threat by highwaymen, when a gentleman may have the need to consistently travel from town to town on horseback, but not by mail coach, a constant traveler might adapt a sword that could be easily slotted into knee high riding boots, or slipped into an especially constructed sleeve inside a riding cloak. For in wet and inclement weather a gentleman's flintlock pistol could not function, so without a sword for protection he was dangerously defenseless. Naturally a standard rapier short sword would be more normal, but on occasion, a gentleman that traveled constantly, or journeyed on perilous pursuits [such as a revenue man] might require a more concealable sword that would be far more easily manageable on both horseback or on foot. It also has the unique advantage of being eminently useable as a short distance spear type weapon, as it's weight balance is now very effective for that alternate purpose. 29.75 inches long overall
An 18th Century Turkish, Bone Hilted Kindjal Short Sword The blade has traces of a complex etched design that may include Islamic script. Carved bone hilt with single silver leaf and nail stud.
An Absolute Beauty! A Mid 19th Century Ivory Handled Swordstick Engraved blade with a Latin motto Defensio non Provocatio [In Defense not Provocation] and the name of the gentleman to whom it was supposedly given, Philip Cook, who was a former US Congressman. The handle is in the sign-post form carved to somewhat resemble bamboo with a waisted carved belt . The collar and ferrule are silvered copper and the mallacca haft stunningly lacquered. The blade is single edged and inches long. The motto is hand script engraved followed by the General's name. Apparently when General Cook was badly wounded in the leg he required a cane to enable his walking, and it was at this juncture that this sword stick was given to him, in around 1865. It bears the highly pertinent inscription, engraved [in Latin], due to his profession as a lawyer "In Defence not Provocation" This sword was not used by him during his service as a Lt Col and General of the Confederate States, but later, during his years in politics and the law. Philip Cook was born in Twiggs County, Georgia. His parents had moved from Virginia to Georgia. He served with the United States Army in the Seminole Wars, serving in Florida. After studying at Oglethorpe University, he graduated from the law school of the University of Virginia in 1841. He subsequently lived in Macon County, Georgia, where he maintained a law practice. Once the American Civil War started, Cook sided with the Confederate States of America and enlisted as a private in the 4th Georgia Volunteer Infantry. By the end of the Seven Days Campaign on the Virginia Peninsula, Cook had advanced to the rank of lieutenant colonel. He also fought in the battles of Second Manassas, Antietam and Chancellorsville, where he was wounded in the leg. As a result, he missed the Gettysburg Campaign while he recovered. For a short time, Cook took a leave of absence to serve in the Georgia Legislature before returning to the army. At the Battle of Cold Harbor in 1864 he took command of the brigade when Brig. Gen. George P. Doles was killed. Cook was wounded again during the Siege of Petersburg. After recovering, he fought under Maj. Gen. Stephen D. Ramseur at the Battle of Cedar Creek in the Shenandoah Valley before returning with his men to the trenches around Petersburg, Virginia. He was wounded a third time during the 1865 attack on Fort Stedman. After the war ended in early 1865, Cook moved to Americus, Georgia, where he set up a law practice and was active in local and state politics. From 1873 to 1883, Cook was a member of the United States House of Representatives, serving a district comprising part of southwest Georgia. He became Georgia's Secretary of State in 1890 and was part of the commission that built Georgia's state capitol building in Atlanta. Phillip Cook died in Atlanta on May 21, 1894. Cook County, Georgia, is named in his honor. There is no documentary provenence in regards to this very fine swordstick, but it bears it's engraving, in precisely the correct style for the period in the US at that time but applied later, and it is without doubt the fine quality swordstick of a statesman, with the motto of once military man who was in the service of his country. Another famous American statesman who once carried a most similar swordstick was President George Washington. This swordstick came through an owner who was given it as a souvenir some many decades ago, and we have added no value to this fine sword in regards to it's supposed ownership, we include these details above for interest and posterity alone. It's price is purely based on it's beauty, age, condition and quality
An Albanian- Balkan 'Rat Tail' Flintlock Pistol Albania and Macedonia, used in the Ottoman Army, these beautiful weapons saw service around the entire region throughout the Empire where there were irregulars, recruited from the Balkans involved, such as in Egypt during the Napoleonic wars. They were used not just by Ottoman troops, but also by various outlawed bands and by Christian freedom fighters. Ottoman Empire encompassed notably fractious regions, each of which had a long history of making guns their own particular, unique way, be that the Albanian rat-tail, the Ottoman tufek or the Bosnian boyliya. Their influence, moreover, spread across regions which also had a very strong tradition of doing things in their own manner. Albania was a part of the Ottoman Empire at the time. The region was famous for a large number of gun makers, who manufactured this kind of pistol in big quantities for the Ottoman army. The entire stock is covered with engraved brass plates, which is a characteristic feature of Albanian pistols. The pistol is decorated with ornamental motifs, parts of the lock are nicely engraved. Part-octagonal, part-round barrel. One brass barrel band. Good tight action. The pistols of this pattern were used extensively in many wars in Balkans, including the Greek uprisings. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
An Amazing, Superb, Heavy Quality & Powerful, 18th Century 'Battle' Katar With crows beak tip to enable heavy penetrating power for piercing of chain mail armour. The katar originated in Tamil Nadu where its Dravidian name was kattari before being altered to katar in the north. The earliest forms occur in the medieval Deccan kingdom of Vijayanagara. Katar dating back to this period often had a leaf- or shell-like knuckle-guard to protect the back of the hand, but this was discarded by the latter half of the 17th century. The Maratha gauntlet sword or pata is thought to have been developed from the katar. As the weapon spread throughout India it became something of a status symbol, much like the Southeast Asian kris or the Japanese katana. Among the Rajputs, Sikhs and Mughals, princes and nobles were often portrayed wearing a katara at their side. This was not only a precaution for self-defense, but it was also meant to show their wealth and position. Upper-class Mughals would even hunt tigers with katar. For a hunter to kill a tiger with such a short-range weapon was considered the surest sign of bravery and martial skill. The heat and moisture of India's climate made steel an unsuitable material for a dagger sheath, so they were covered in fabric such as velvet or silk. Because the katara's blade is in line with the user's arm, the basic attack is a direct thrust identical to a punch, although it could also be used for slashing. This design allows the fighter to put their whole weight into a thrust. Typical targets include the head and upper body, similar to boxing. The sides of the handle could be used for blocking but it otherwise has little defensive capability. As such, the wielder must be agile enough to dodge the opponent's attacks and strike quickly, made possible because of the weapon's light weight and small size. Indian martial arts in general make extensive use of agility and acrobatic maneuvers. As far back as the 16th century, there was at least one fighting style which focused on fighting with a pair of katara, one in each hand. This Katar is 14.75 inches long, weighs 535 grams
An Amercian Wild West 32 Cal Rimfire Revolver Red Jacket No3 Birds head butt boot or pocket pistol. Good action. Boot or pocket pistols that became a most necessary part of life in the Old West. Remington was one the most famous makers of these most interesting, historical and attractive pistols and practically every world renown gambler, and saloon character such as 'Doc' Holiday, 'Wild Bill' Hickock, Jack MacCall carried one such pistol or even several. There was one famous gunfight involving just two men, where over nine guns were drawn and used between them.
An American 'Wild West' Period Nickel Plated Revolver With engraving on the nickel frame and mother o'pearl grips. A very fancy little pistol the type used by the more flamboyant gamblers or even ladies as an ideal revolver for protection. The action is tight and revolves well but the hammer won't catch. ,32 cal rimfire. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
An American 1790 Eagle Head Pommel Spadroon Sword With a gilt brass and ivory hilt. Very good hilt condition with much original gilt remaining. Single fullered blade, sharp point shortened at the tip. Used in the War of 1812. Straight blade, inches long.The War of 1812 was fought between the United States of America, on one side, and on the other side Great Britain and its colonies, especially Upper Canada (Ontario), Lower Canada (Quebec), Nova Scotia and Bermuda. The war was fought from 1812 to 1815 and involved both land and naval engagements. The Americans declared war on Britain on June 18, 1812, for a combination of reasons— outrage at the impressment (seizure) of thousands of American sailors into the British navy, frustration at British restraints on neutral trade while Britain warred with France, and anger at British military support for hostile Indians blocking American settlement of the Old Northwest, which by treaty with Britain belonged to the U.S. The war started badly for the Americans as their attempts to invade Canada were repeatedly repulsed by General Isaac Brock commanding a small British force. The American strategy depended on use of militias, but they either resisted service or were incompetently led. Military and civilian leadership was lacking and remained a critical American weakness until 1814. New England opposed the war and refused to provide troops or financing. Financial and logistical problems plagued the American war effort. Britain possessed excellent finance and logistics but the ongoing war with France had a higher priority, so in 1812-13 they adopted a defensive strategy. After the defeat of Napoleon in 1814 they were able to send veteran armies to invade the U.S., but by then the Americans had learned how to mobilize and fight as well. 29 inches long overall
An American Civil War & Wild West Era Smith and Wesson This is an early mid-1860's production Smith & Wesson Model 1 1/2, 1st Issue revolver in .32 rimfire. Barrel address reads, " Smith & Wesson, Springfield, Mass. Pat'd Apr.3, July 5. 1859 . Manufactured from 1865 to 1868. German silver half moon sight on the barrel rib with the two line address and patent markings. Casehardened hammer, ejector rod and spur trigger. Blue barrel frame and cylinder and varnished square butt rosewood grips. Very good action, nice and crisp.
An American War of independence Era 1773-1788 British Light Dragoon Sword. Brass stirrup hilt now finely heavily patinated, a very long clipped back blade 35.5 inch long. Fishskin bound grip. This sword is so rarely seen, with little known of it's origins, and as very few remain in existance it rarely appears photographed in any reference books on British swords. Little or no documentation on it's order and manufacture exists. What is known, is that it is estimated it was made from 1773, but possibly earlier, and it was replaced by the more abundant 1788 version. That sword is far more well recorded, and fair number survive. A very few examples of this sword are kept in a few, select American museums, that contain the miltary collections of captured British weapons from the American Revolutionary War. Swords such as this were made for and used by the British Light Dragoon Regiments, including the infamous 'Tarleton's Green Dragoons'. We detail here, in order for our readers to gain a flavour of that influencial war, and it's events connected to these particular Light Dragoons. Banastre Tarleton was originally a young British officer of the 1st Dragoon Guards, who purchased his rank of cornet. He proved to be such a gifted horseman and leader of troops, due to his outstanding ability alone, he worked his way up through the ranks to Lieutenant Colonel without having to purchase any further commissions. In December 1775, he sailed from Cork as a volunteer to North America where rebellion had recently broken out triggering the American War of Independence. Tarleton sailed with Lord Cornwallis as part of an expedition to capture the southern city of Charleston. After this failed, he joined the main British Army in New York under General Howe. His service during 1776 gained him the position of a brigade major of cavalry. After becoming the commander of the British Legion, a mixed force of cavalry and light infantry also called Tarleton's Raiders, he proceeded at the beginning of 1780 to South Carolina, rendering valuable services to Sir Henry Clinton in the operations which culminated in the capture of Charleston. This was part of the 'southern strategy' by which the British directed most of their efforts to that theater hoping to restore authority over the southern colonies where they believed there was more support for the crown. On 29 May 1780, Tarleton, with a force of 150 mounted soldiers, overtook a detachment of 350 to 380 Virginia Continentals led by Abraham Buford. Buford refused to surrender or even to stop his march. Only after sustaining heavy casualties did Buford order the surrender. What happened next is cause of heated debate. According to American accounts, Tarleton ignored the white flag and mercilessly massacred Buford's men. In the end, 113 Americans were killed and another 203 captured, 150 of whom were so badly wounded that they had to be left behind. Tarleton's casualties were 5 killed and 12 wounded.[6] The British called the affair the Battle of Waxhaw Creek, while the Americans called it the "Buford Massacre" or the "Waxhaw Massacre." In recounting Tarleton's action at the scene, an American field surgeon named Robert Brownfield wrote that Col. Buford raised a white flag of surrender, "expecting the usual treatment sanctioned by civilized warfare". While Buford was calling for quarter, Tarleton's horse was struck by a musket ball and fell. This gave the loyalist cavalrymen the impression that the rebels had shot at their commander while asking for mercy. Enraged, the loyalist troops charged at the Virginians. According to Brownfield, the loyalists attacked, carrying out "indiscriminate carnage never surpassed by the most ruthless atrocities of the most barbarous savages." Tarleton's men stabbed the wounded where they lay. In Tarleton's own account, he virtually admits the massacre, stating that his horse had been shot from under him during the initial charge and his men, thinking him dead, engaged in "a vindictive asperity not easily restrained." However there are strange contraditions as to Tarleton's behaviour, for, contrary to his nature, as described by his conduct at Monticello, Thomas Jefferson himself later noted, "I did not suffer by him. On the contrary he behaved very genteely with me. ... He gave strict orders to Capt. Mcleod to suffer nothing to be injured." Tarleton materially helped Cornwallis to win the Battle of Camden in August 1780. He was completely victorious in an engagement with Thomas Sumter at Fishing Creek, aka "Catawba Fords", but was less successful when he encountered the same general at Blackstock's Farm in November 1780. Then in January 1781, Tarleton's forces were virtually destroyed by American Brigadier General Daniel Morgan at the Battle of Cowpens. Tarleton however managed to flee the battlefield with perhaps 250 men. Although Tarleton had a deservedly dastardly reputation, many other Light Dragoon forces were commanded by far more respected and gentlemanly officers, and the troops under their command fought in the most formative conflicts of both American and British history. A war that shaped the whole world that followed it, arguably more than any other war before it. Although in terms of casualties, fewer men perished in the whole war of Independence, that covered several years, than in a single day during the Battle of Gettysberg, less than 100 years later in the Civil War. This sword has a 35.5 inch blade. This sword has been superbly conserved in our workshop
An Ancient Chinese Bronze Battle 'Ge' Polearm around 2700 Years Old A rare Pole Arm Halberd of the Zhou or Tang Dynasty. The word 'Ge' means dagger axe. The whole form of this beautiful example is based around a bird of prey, in relief. Beautifully modeled with hieroglyphics, an elongated main blade and a shorter back blade. Around 700 B.C.Socket mount for a wooden haft. Good patina with feint signs of cuprite that forms beneath the encrustation. This item is, in many ways, most interesting as it is so reminiscent of Ancient Egypt. The whole form and design appears, on first inspection, to be based around Horus god of Edfu [ the Hawk, god of the sky, protector of Kingship and son of Osiris and Isis]. A replacement short haft for illustration purposes has been fitted. National Geographic made a superb documentary on the uses of the 'Ge' in warfare with a near identical original example shown.
An Ancient Late Viking Period Throwing or Belt Axe A bearded Viking short bearded battle axe [that could double as a throwing axe] from around the time of the last Viking, English King, Eric Bloodaxe, King of Northumbria. Probably the eldest son of King Harald Finehair [The first King of all Norway]. Eric's name probably derives from the legend that he murdered at least four and possibly most of his 20 brothers, excepting Hakon. This was an unfortunate error as, upon Haralds death, Hakon returned to Norway from Britain to claim Harald's throne, and removed Eric from his Kingship. His elder brother Eric then fled Norway to Britain and to King Athelstan, an old friend of his father's, whereupon he took the Kingdom of Northumbria in around 947 a.d. While the sagas call him 'Bloodaxe', one of the Latin texts calls him fratris interfector (brother-killer), but, for whatever reason his name was derived, it was certainly a fine example of the descriptive titles the Viking warriors had, and that we are told of in the Viking sagas. The sagas paint Bloodaxe – a name they gave to Eric – as a barbarian, a murderous tyrant whose savagery was shocking even by Viking standards. Contemporary evidence, mainly from the Anglo-Saxon chronicles, is less vivid. This has the Northumbrians selecting Eric Bloodaxe as their king in 947. The English king Eadred responded by invading and ravaging Northumbria, burning down St Wilfrid’s minster at Ripon. As the English army headed south, Eric Bloodaxe’s army caught up with its rearguard and ‘made a great slaughter’ at Castleford. Eadred threatened to destroy Northumbria in revenge, and the Northumbrians turned their back on Eric and made reparations to the English king. After another change of mind they accepted Olaf Sihtricsson as their ruler, only for Eric to drive him out and take over again. Finally in 954 Eric Bloodaxe was expelled for the second and final time and King Eadred of Wessex and England gained control. In battlefield excavated condition but in a remarkably good and even usable state for it's age. Axe head 7 inches deep x 4 inches high. Open socket haft mount. A similar example is in York museum. Like his near contemporary, Thorfinn Skullsplitter of Orkney, the name Eric Bloodaxe conjures up an immediate image of the archetypal Viking warrior; huge, hairy, heroic, and the proud owner of a powerful axe. All axes at that time also doubled as working tools, when appropriate, for iron was a hugely valuable commodity before the Industrial Revolution and extremely costly to make.
An Antique Australian Aborigine Boomerang Stone carved and with beautiful chip-carved and patinated surface. Decorated with a snake design.
An Antique Dinka Tribal Spear From The Upper Nile The Spear Masters of the Dinka Tribe of the upper Nile are a hereditary priesthood, and according to mythology, their presence is reinforced by political and religious ideals. There are several legends of the origins of these spear using masters, one in which includes a lion and a man dancing. The lion demands a bracelet that the man is wearing and he refuses. In return, the lion bits off his thumb in order to claim what he thinks belongs to him and the man dies during the confrontation. The man leaves behind a wife and daughter with no son.
An Antique Koummya Jambiya Dagger of North Africa Tradition double edged blade with brass and silver metal coloured mounted scabbard. Dark hardwood hilt rimmed in arab silver with black cord belt.Silver coloured metal, not hallmarked English silver.
An Antique Maine Gauche Left Handed Dagger, For Combat Use With A Rapier A most charming antique left handed parrying dagger with remains of gentle scroll engraving thoughout the crossguard and pommel. The double edged blade has pitting, from around a third down the blade right to the tip. We feel that the brass grip has been replaced, probably in the 19th century. Likely when the dagger may have been recovered from it's abandonment or loss, after the original wooden grip had rotted away. The parrying dagger is a category of small hand-held weapons from the European late Middle Ages and early Renaissance. These weapons were used as off-hand weapons in conjunction with a single-handed sword. As the name implies they were designed to parry, or defend, more effectively than a simple dagger form, typically incorporating a wider guard, and often some other defensive features to better protect the hand, as well. It may also be used for attack if an opportunity arises. The general category includes two more specific kinds of weapon: sword breakers and trident daggers. The use of an off-hand weapon gradually fell out of favour as sword fighting evolved into the modern sport of fencing. The use of progressively lighter primary weapons such as the small sword, épée, and foil allowed for greater speed. Under these circumstances the use of just a primary weapon offered improvements in balance as well as a stance that offered a smaller target.
An Antique Miniature Keris or Keris, With Meteoric Steel Blade Circa 1900. Keris Melayu Semenanjong with a serpentine blade with 7 Luk [seven curves or waves]. A good and scarce example of a keris from the southern Malaysian peninsular region of Johor or Selangor. Handle in the jawa demam form. This form of hilt is common in central or southern Sumatra, as well as the Malay peninsular regions. The Minang variant is usually more upright with a more flaring top. The top sheath in the typical Malay tebeng form, are made from very well selected kemuning woods with flashing grains. Bottom stem is likely made from well selected angsana woods with tiger’s stripe grains. Pamor patterns are arranged in the mlumah technique of the wos utah or scattered rice variations which is said to enhance the owner’s material well being. 9 inches long overall
An Antique Original Flintlock Holster Pistol Much Favoured by Pirates A most attractive 18th century pistol, designed to fit in a wide belt sash, or, in a flintlock pistol bucket. A pistol with superb charm and most elegant lines. With a silver cartouch on the grip, fully floriate engraved over the lock and a stunningly floriate chisseled and engraved flared barrel. It has fairly plain steel mounts, a brass tipped ramrod, and a walnut stock. This is exactly the type of pistol one sees, and in fact expects to see, in all the old Hollywood 'Pirate' films. A sprauncy, long barrel pistol, with a large, cast brass, butt cap and complete with it's elongated extra long 'ears' [side straps] typical of the period of early gunmaking. It is finely embellished all over with stands of arms, as are all the mounts, decorated with cannon, drums, halbeards, and flags. The action is fully operational and the spring is extraordinarily strong. This is an original, honest and impressive antique pistol piece that rekindles the little boy in all of us who once dreamt of being Errol Flynn, Swash-Buckling across the Spanish Maine under the Jolly Roger. This Pistol may very well have seen service with one of the old Corsairs of the Barbary Coast, in a tall masted Galleon, slipping it's way down the coast of the Americas, to find it's way home to Port Royal, or some other nefarious port of call in the Caribbean. It is exactly the form of weapon that was in use in the days of the Caribbean pirates and privateers, as their were no regular patterns of course. This pistol is essentially a Turko-Ottoman example of the highly attractive type that were efficient, effective, most sought after and much prized, and thus an essential part of the pirate's trade. They didn't conform to a regular pattern, varying in quality, but they all had the 'form follows function' ethos. A style of pistol that first surfaced around 1665, and saw the peak of it's popularity in Western Europe during the mid to third quarter of the 18th century. The design was overtaken, but only in much of Western Europe, by a simpler, plainer form of pistol design, but it continued to be very popular, no doubt due to it's extravagance and style, in middle and eastern Europe, especially around the Mediterranean, until the early 19th century. A good slender curvature, and a medium weight long pistol that suits a comfortable grip. It was written that after Queen Anne's War, which ended in 1713, it cast vast numbers of naval seamen into unemployment and caused a huge slump in wages. Around 40,000 men found themselves without work at the end of the war - roaming the streets of ports like Bristol, Portsmouth and New York. In wartime privateering provided the opportunity for a relative degree of freedom and a chance at wealth. The end of war meant the end of privateering too, and these unemployed ex-privateers only added to the huge labour surplus. Queen Anne's War had lasted 11 years and in 1713 many sailors must have known little else but warfare and the plundering of ships. It was commonly observed that on the cessation of war privateers turned pirate. The combination of thousands of men trained and experienced in the capture and plundering of ships suddenly finding themselves unemployed and having to compete harder and harder for less and less wages was explosive - for many piracy must have been one of the few alternatives to starvation. Euro-American pirate crews really formed one community, with a common set of customs shared across the various ships. Liberty, Equality and Fraternity thrived at sea over a hundred years before the French Revolution, and continued for many years after. The authorities were often shocked by their libertarian tendencies; the Dutch Governor of Mauritius met a pirate crew and commented: "Every man had as much say as the captain and each man carried his own weapons in his blanket". A 18th century pistol of eastern Mediterranean origin, and although it has signs of combat wear is still working highly effectively, and was likely used right into the mid 19th century. It looks most attractive, it is completely original, an antique flintlock of days long gone past yet not forgotten.
An Antique South Seas Islands Carved Paddle-Spear In carved native wood with geometric carving covering one paddle side, the other side is plain. Oceanic art is often infused with ancestral spirits, as well as spirits of water, air and land. These spirits are contacted in ceremonies to ensure fertility, or invoke protection from famine, disease or enemies. Sometimes these invocations serve extremely practical purposes. There was a ceremony in Papua New Guinea where ancestral spirits were activated in a carved wooden crocodile. Men carrying the crocodile were then led, like people holding a divining rod are led, to the home of a local murderer. Authentic Oceanic art is not made for decoration. It is made to be used as a tool in the culture. Traditionally, the people of Oceania did not make pictures of people or paint landscapes to make money. But since they realized that tourists would pay money for their art, this has changed. In the 20th century, Cubist painters, and especially Surrealists, were moved by the power of Oceanic abstractions, as they were by traditional African art
An Antique South Seas Islands Carved Paddle-Spear In carved native wood with geometric carving covering both paddle sides, the other side is carved with a different pattern. Oceanic art is often infused with ancestral spirits, as well as spirits of water, air and land. These spirits are contacted in ceremonies to ensure fertility, or invoke protection from famine, disease or enemies. Sometimes these invocations serve extremely practical purposes. There was a ceremony in Papua New Guinea where ancestral spirits were activated in a carved wooden crocodile. Men carrying the crocodile were then led, like people holding a divining rod are led, to the home of a local murderer. Authentic Oceanic art is not made for decoration. It is made to be used as a tool in the culture. Traditionally, the people of Oceania did not make pictures of people or paint landscapes to make money. But since they realized that tourists would pay money for their art, this has changed. In the 20th century, Cubist painters, and especially Surrealists, were moved by the power of Oceanic abstractions, as they were by traditional African art
An Antique Tibetan Gus Knife With Finely Decorated Scabbard and pierced hilt pommel. Complete with belt loop. When knives such as this were collected, by explorers of the time of Queen Victoria, and King Edward VIIth it came from the mystical Himalayas, the legendary home of Shangri La, the mythical Himalayan utopia, as was beautifully set for the basis of James Hilton's novel, Lost Horizon. A knife from a higher ranking Tibetan that itself evokes the very wonders of Tibet and Shangri La, a word that conjures up the imagery of exoticism of the Orient. In the ancient Tibetan scriptures, and the existence of seven such places is mentioned as Nghe-Beyul Khimpalung. The use of the term Shangri-La is frequently cited as a modern reference to Shambhala, a mythical kingdom in Tibetan Buddhist tradition, which was sought by Eastern and Western explorers; Hilton was also inspired by then-current National Geographic articles on Tibet, which referenced the legend. And it was wonderful knives such as this very one that symbolised that wonderful culture, and never before seen by the average Victorian in England Known in Tibet as a Gus knives, they appeared during the period of Tubo King Zhigung Tsampo. According to Historical Records of the Hans and the Tibetans, Gus knives were made by nine brothers with small eyes in an environmentally fierce place called Sidor. The eldest made a knife sharp enough to cut a rope ladder leading up to the heaven. His eight brothers all made knives with sharp blades as well. One of the Gus knives was the Guda knife, made by the legendary master of the nine brothers together with his offspring.
An Antique Zulu Throwing Club, A Scarce Version Of The Zulu Knopkerrie Ovoid pointed head Knobkierrie, also spelled knobkerrie, knopkierie or knobkerry, are African clubs used mainly in Southern and Eastern Africa. Typically they have a large knob at one end and can be used for throwing at animals in hunting or for clubbing an enemy's head. This knobkierrie is carved from a branch thick enough for the knob, the rest being whittled down to create the shaft. The name derives from the Afrikaans word knop, meaning knot or ball and the word kierie, meaning cane or walking stick. The name has been extended to similar weapons used by the natives of Australia, the Pacific islands and other places. Knobkierries were an indispensable weapon of war, particularly among southern Nguni tribes such as the Zulu (as the iwisa) and the Xhosa. During the Great War the knobkierrie was occasionally used. The weapon is reported carried by British soldiers in Siegfried Sassoon's fictionalised autobiography of his service in France during World War One, Memoirs of an Infantry Officer.
An Early 18th Century Scottish Basket Hilted Broadsword Possibly by John Simpson of Glasgow. Certainly in his manner but no initials remain on the guard to identify it. With a wide broadsword blade that stills bears the remains of some decorative engraving. A Good Original early Scottish Basket Hilted Broad Sword, a typical sword as used in the Dundee Rising, the first Jacobite Rebellion of 1715 and the second rebellion in 1745. Although each Jacobite Rising had unique features, they were part of a larger series of military campaigns by Jacobites attempting to restore the Stuart kings to the thrones of Scotland and England. After the House of Hanover succeeded to the British throne in 1714, the risings continued, and intensified. They continued until the last Jacobite Rebellion ("the Forty-Five"), led by Charles Edward Stuart (the Young Pretender), who was soundly defeated at the Battle of Culloden in 1746. This ended any realistic hope of a Stuart restoration. The "First Jacobite Rebellion" and "Second Jacobite Rebellion" were known respectively as "The Fifteen" and "The Forty-Five", after the years in which they occurred (1715 and 1745). Interestingly the basket hilt broadsword was used by all of the main combatants during that time, by the some English [mostly on horseback] the Lowland Scots and the Highlanders, but only the Scots continued it's use as a battle weapon and dress sword. Good Iron basket of traditional early 18th century form. At some time, likely 100 years past, some old battle damage at the rear of the basket has been repaired. The sections have been 'museum repaired' in a deliberate, different coloured metal, in order to blend but not obscure. The obverse side rear has been replaced, and the reverse mid rear panel has been replaced, and the grip wood replaced.
An Early 18th Century Scottish Highlander's Basket Hilted Sword Possibly even late 17th century. The fine back sword blade is marked with the running wolf or fox. While very similar to the running wolf mark of the German Solingen smiths it was often used by the makers at Hounslow and Shotley Bridge. A Good Original early Scottish Basket Hilted Broad Sword, a typical sword as used in the Dundee Rising, the first Jacobite Rebellion of 1715 and the second rebellion in 1745. See "British Basket Hilted Swords" by Cyril Mazansky, page 101, sword F5b for a most similar sword. Similar examples can be found on Marischal Museum, University of Aberdeen Hilts, [1675-1700]. The basket is in very good order one plate is lacking. The original wooden grip is present, part of the original leather is there, and the now deeply patinated copper spiral binding is loose but all correct and present. The blade is single fullered and very good. All the steel is well surfaced with no detrimental pitting at all. A very nice early Scottish sword with signs of use but not abuse. Although each Jacobite Rising had unique features, they were part of a larger series of military campaigns by Jacobites attempting to restore the Stuart kings to the thrones of Scotland and England (and after 1707, Great Britain). James VII of Scotland and II of England was deposed in 1688 and the thrones were claimed by his daughter Mary II jointly with her husband, the Dutch-born William of Orange. After the House of Hanover succeeded to the British throne in 1714, the risings continued, and intensified. They continued until the last Jacobite Rebellion ("the Forty-Five"), led by Charles Edward Stuart (the Young Pretender), who was soundly defeated at the Battle of Culloden in 1746. This ended any realistic hope of a Stuart restoration. Dundee's rising in Scotland On 16 April 1689; John Graham of Claverhouse, Viscount Dundee, raised James' standard on the hilltop of Dundee Law with fewer than 50 men in support. Although Presbyterian historians later labelled him "Bluidy Clavers" for his vicious persecution of Covenanters, he has also been called "Bonnie Dundee". This was from a song written by Sir Walter Scott in 1830. James had already arrived in Ireland and his letter was on the way promising Irish troops to assist the rising in Scotland. At first Viscount Dundee had difficulty in raising many supporters. The ineffectiveness of the Williamite commander Major-General Hugh Mackay of Scourie encouraged support. Two hundred Irish troops successfully landed at Kintyre to add to Dundee's forces. Dundee also received support in the western Scottish Highlands from both Roman Catholic and Church of Scotland clans. By July the Jacobites had eight battalions and two companies, almost all Highlanders. Dundee gained the confidence of the clans by cultivating the allegiance of each Highlander and respecting the precedence of the clans. He realized that to them, the cause of Jacobitism was secondary. At a time when infantry were trained to fight in formation, the Highlanders' method was more informal. They set aside their plaids and other encumbrances before the battle, and dropped to the ground to avoid enemy volleys. After quickly returning fire, they pursued their foes, screaming in the Highland charge. They used heavy broadswords and targe (shield), or whatever weapons they had, including pitchforks or Lochaber axes (a combined axe and spear on a long pole). Such a charge was devastating to troops struggling to reform their lines, or fix the recently introduced 'plug' bayonets.The Highland charge (and troop strength) defeated a larger lowland Scots force at the Battle of Killiecrankie on 27 July 1689. About one-third of the Highlanders were killed in the fighting, and Dundee died in the battle. At the street fighting of the Battle of Dunkeld on 21 August, the Jacobite Highlanders were decisively defeated by the Cameronians. Much of the North remained hostile to the English government. Expeditions to subdue the highlands were met with a series of skirmishes. Jacobite forces suffered a heavy defeat at the Haughs of Cromdale on 1 May 1690. Later that month Mackay constructed Fort William on the site of an old fort built by Cromwell. News in July of William's victory over James at the Battle of the Boyne caused Jacobite hopes to fall. On 17 August 1691 William offered all Highland clans a pardon for their part in the Jacobite Uprising, provided that they took an oath of allegiance before 1 January 1692 in front of a magistrate. The Highland chiefs sent word to James, now in exile in France, asking for his permission to take this oath. James eventually authorised the chiefs to take the oath, but it was mid-December before his message arrived. Despite difficult winter conditions, a few took the oath in time. The brutality of the Massacre of Glencoe sped acceptance by the clans. By the spring of 1692 the Jacobite chiefs had all sworn allegiance to King William. The uprisings were aimed at returning James VII of Scotland and II of England, and later his descendants of the House of Stuart. The "First Jacobite Rebellion" and "Second Jacobite Rebellion" were known respectively as "The Fifteen" and "The Forty-Five", after the years in which they occurred (1715 and 1745). Good Iron basket of traditional 17th century form. Interestingly the basket hilt broadsword was used by all of the main combatants during that time, by the some English [mostly on horseback] the Lowland Scots and the Highlanders, but only the Scots continued it's use as a battle weapon and dress sword. It fell out of favour and it's practical use by the English by around the 1790's. Blade length 32.5inch, blade width at the ricasso 1.3 inches, basket width 5.25 inches [widest]
An Early 19th Century French Carabiniers Breast Plate of the Imperial Guard This is a magnificent, original, antique, French elite cavalry breastplate, in steel with a brass plate frontispiece, a central steel starburst, centred by a relief gilt brass Napoleonic Eagle crest. Engraved on the inner steel plate is 'Manufacture Royale du Klingenthal'. In 1679 Louis the XIVth ordered that from every cavalry regiment the two best marksmen men were chosen as sharpshooters issued with carbines and called carabiniers. In 1695 a dedicated regiment was formed called the royal carabiniers, and in 1758 when Count of Provenca was given command they were called Corps Carabiniers De Monsieur [Monsieur was the royal term for the person of the brother of the King himself]. In the course of napoleons reforms of 1803-4 whence the French revolutionary army became the grand armee, the heavy cavalry were organised into 1st and 2nd senior regiments of the carabiniers and 12 line regiments of cuirassiers. In 1810 Napolean decided to out fit the elite carabiniers with brass and steel breastplates and a special helmet. After Waterloo only one regiment was enable called Carabiniers De Monsieur with a second regiment raised in 1825. Overall in very nice overall condition Used in the reign of Louis XVIII and Emperor Napoleon IIIrd. Weighs 7 kilos The last photo in the gallery from a museum display is the carabinier breastplate belonged to Antoine Faveau, a Carabinier trooper killed [unsurprisingly] at Waterloo
An Early 19th Century, Long Blunderbuss Barrel Pistol Elongated musket length flintlock, with walnut stock, decorated throughout with geometric patterned nails. Long engraved barrel with flared muzzle. A most interesting looking piece, made to emulate the fine and more expensive pistols of the time, that were made in England and Europe for personal protection in close quarter actions. It has elements of naïve construction, not to be seen in the comparable fine English pistols of this era and form, but it certainly has a most decorative charm all of it's own. They were most popular with the Corsairs of the region, that armed themselves with decorative and impressive pistols for use in boarding actions. The Barbary pirates operated off the coast of North Africa as far back as the time of the Crusades. According to legend, the Barbary pirates sailed as far as Iceland, attacking ports, seizing captives as slaves, and plundering merchant ships. As most seafaring nations found it easier, and cheaper, to bribe the pirates rather than fight them in a war, a tradition developed of paying tribute for passage through the Mediterranean. European nations often worked out treaties with the Barbary pirates. By the early 19th century the pirates were essentially sponsored by the Arab rulers of Morocco, Algiers, Tunis, and Tripoli. We have had to have the lock completely refurbished in order to restore all the original parts to the mechanism [that had been wrongly replaced with composite parts]. It now works perfectly and has all it's now correct type original period parts. The stock has an old contemporary forend repair. 18 inches long overall, barrell 11 inches long. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
An Early Belgian 25 Year Service Medal Issued to Police Chief. In gilt bronze and excellent condition. For service in the Belgian state and the Belgian Congo.
An Early I8th Century Hunting Sword With brass hilt, single knuckle bow and reeded grip. Single edged blade with central fuller. Quillon and shell removed. 24.5 inch blade. Queen Anne Hunting Sword as Favoured by Naval Officers In the days of the early Royal Navy, officers carried short swords in the pattern of hunting swords, with both straight or curved blades, fancy brass mounted single knuckle bow hilts with principally stag horn or reeded ebony grips. There are numerous portraits in the National Portrait Gallery and The National Maritime Museum that show British Admirals [such as Benbow and Clowdesly Shovel] holding such swords.
An Early to Mid 19th Century Elite 1st Regiment, French Cuirassier's Helmet This is a 'sleeper' [ a collectable artifact likely untouched for well over 100 years] of the 1st Regiment of the French Cuirassiers. The heavy cavalry regiments that attracted the largest men in France, recruited to serve in the greatest and noblest cavalry France has ever had. They fought with distinction and admired particularly for that magnificent conflict at the Battle of Waterloo in 1815. This may well be a soldier's trophy, war booty, brought back by a British soldier who may have served alongside the French. Every warrior that has ever entered service for his country sought trophies. The Mycenae from a fallen Trojan, the Roman from a fallen Gaul, the GI from a fallen Japanese, the tradition stretches back thousands of years, and will continue as long as man serves his country in battle. In the 1st century AD the Roman Poet Decimus Iunius Iuvenalis [Juvenal] wrote; "Man thirsts more for glory than virtue. The armour of an enemy, his broken helmet, the flag ripped from a conquered trireme, are treasures valued beyond all human riches. It is to obtain these tokens of glory that Generals, be they Roman, Greek or barbarian, brave a thousand perils and endure a thousand exertions". A truly magnificent, elite French heavy cavalry helmet, that started, in this design and form, in the Napoleonic era, and continued with minor alterations into the French second Empire period of Napoeon IIIrd. In good robust condition for it's age, but uncleaned or polished in any way. Absolutely ripe for gentle cleaning and commensurate conservation. It's lining is excellent and complete, but it is lacking a plume and horse hair, and chin scales. It could restore magnificently, and one day, with fine attention look truly fantastic. The Cuirassiers corps, a heavy cavalry component, began in the Middle Ages, when lords, dressed in armour and coats of mail, riding armoured mettlesome horses, used to fight with spears and swords. In the XVII century, King Louis XIV created the 1st Cuirassiers regiment, the King’s Cuirassiers which a century later, under Louis XVI, became known as the grosse cavalerie regiment. Under the 1st Empire, Napoleon created 13 other regiments. Cuirassiers then became an arm, and fought in various battles such as the Waterloo , where both their sacrifice and efficiency brought them glory and honour. Cuirassier helmets were worn by the officers and men of Europe's greatest cavalry regiments, and they were the eminent rivals of the world renown British Heavy Cavalry. Made by . The cuirassiers were the greatest of all France's cavalry, allowing only the strongest men of over 6 feet in height into it's ranks. The French Cuirassiers were at their very peak in 1815 at Waterloo in the War of the 100 days. To face a regiment of say, 600 charging steeds, bearing down upon one mounted with armoured giants, brandishing their mighty of swords that could pierce the strongest breast armour, much have been, quite simply, terrifying. All Napoleon's heavy Cavalry Regiments fought at Waterloo, there were no reserve regiments, and all the Cuirassiers, without exception fought with their extraordinary resolve, bravery and determination. The Hundred Days started after Napoleon, separated from his wife and son, who had come under Austrian control, was cut off from the allowance guaranteed to him by the Treaty of Fontainebleau, and aware of rumours he was about to be banished to a remote island in the Atlantic Ocean, Napoleon escaped from Elba on 26 February 1815. He landed at Golfe-Juan on the French mainland, two days later. The French 5th Regiment was sent to intercept him and made contact just south of Grenoble on 7 March 1815. Napoleon approached the regiment alone, dismounted his horse and, when he was within gunshot range, shouted, "Here I am. Kill your Emperor, if you wish." The soldiers responded with, "Vive L'Empereur!" and marched with Napoleon to Paris; Louis XVIII fled. On 13 March, the powers at the Congress of Vienna declared Napoleon an outlaw and four days later Great Britain, the Netherlands, Russia, Austria and Prussia bound themselves to put 150,000 men into the field to end his rule. Napoleon arrived in Paris on 20 March and governed for a period now called the Hundred Days. By the start of June the armed forces available to him had reached 200,000 and he decided to go on the offensive to attempt to drive a wedge between the oncoming British and Prussian armies. The French Army of the North crossed the frontier into the United Kingdom of the Netherlands, in modern-day Belgium. Napoleon's forces fought the allies, led by Wellington and Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher, at the Battle of Waterloo on 18 June 1815. Wellington's army withstood repeated attacks by the French and drove them from the field while the Prussians arrived in force and broke through Napoleon's right flank. The French army left the battlefield in disorder, which allowed Coalition forces to enter France and restore Louis XVIII to the French throne. The last picture in the gallery is of the Cuirassiers charging a Scottish square at Waterloo. [For information and historical context only, not included
An Eastern European Miquelet Lock Rat-Tail Pistol Late 18th century with traditional brass covered stock and shortened steel barrel. Named after the so-called "rat-tail" butt, prevalent in the Balkan Islamic pistols of that time period. Used by horsemen of the Ottoman Empire, alongside various edged weapons, the kilij, shamshir or yataghan. The "golden age" of the Ottoman Empire was during the reign of Suleiman the Magnificent in the 16th Century. In different fields, this can be seen both in the architecture of Koca Mimar Sinan Aga, and in the domination of the Mediterranean by the Ottoman navy, led by Barbarossa Hayreddin Pasha. The Ottoman Empire reached its territorial peak in the 17th century. From a diverse system of Millets, to a multi-ethnic state (Ottomanism), it developed its own distinctive culture, influential both in the European and Islamic worlds.With Istanbul (or Constantinople) as its capital, the Ottoman Empire was in some respects an Islamic successor to earlier Mediterranean empires — the Roman and Byzantine empires. The Empire was the only Islamic power to seriously challenge the rising power of Western Europe between the 15th and 19th centuries. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
An Edwardian Colonel's Scarlet Cloth Sidecap, of 15th [The Kings] Hussars. Good condition overall. With two Lion and Crown buttons for the rank of Colonel and Brigadier .
An English Brass Frame Boxlock Percussion Pistol With Turn -Off Barrel Micro chequered grip and nicely executed scrolling foliate engraving to the frame and trigger guard. Dolphin form hammer, good tight action.
An English Double Barrel Percussion Sporting Gun With Damascus Barrel Circa 1840. Fine walnut stock and nicely engraved lock and steel mounts. The true English Damascus barrel is prepared from three rods, twisted as described and put together as shown in the twisted riband, and is known technically as three-iron Damascus ; the silver-steel Damascus is similarly made, but of different metal piled in a different order. The rods having been twisted, and the required number welded together, they are sent to the iron-mill and rolled at a red heat into ribands, which have both edges bevelled the same way. There are usually two ribands required for each barrel, one riband or strip to form the breech-end, and another, slightly thinner, to form the fore, or muzzle, part of the barrel. Silver-steel Damascus Barrel. Upon receiving the ribands of twisted iron, the welder first proceeds to twist them into a spiral form. This is done upon a machine of simple construction, consisting simply of two iron bars, one fixed and the other loose ; in the latter there is a notch or slot to receive one end of the riband. When inserted, the bar is turned round by a winch-handle. The fixed bar prevents the riband from going round, so that it is bent and twisted over the movable rod like the pieces of leather round a whip-stock. The loose bar is removed, the spiral taken from it, and the same process repeated with another riband. The ribands are usually twisted cold, but the breech-ends, if heavy, have to be brought to a red heat before it is possible to twist them, no cogs being used. When very heavy barrels are required, three ribands are used; one for the breech-end, one for the centre, and one for the muzzle-piece. The ends of the ribands, after being twisted into spirals, are drawn out taper and coiled round with the spiral until the extremity is lost, as shown in the representation of a coiled breech-piece of Damascus iron. The coiled riband is next heated, a steel mandrel inserted in the muzzle end, and the coil is welded by hammering. Three men are required one to hold and turn the coil upon the grooved anvil, and two to strike. The foreman, or the one who holds the coil, has also a small hammer with which he strikes the coil, to show the others in which place to strike. When taken from the fire the coil is first beaten upon an iron plate fixed in the floor, and the end opened upon a swage, or the pene of the anvil, to admit of the mandrel being inserted. When the muzzle or fore-coil has been heated, jumped up, and hammered until thoroughly welded, the breech-end or coil, usually about six inches long, is joined to it. The breech-coil is first welded in the same manner, and a piece is cut out of each coil; the two ribands are welded together and the two coils are joined into one, and form a barrel. The two coils being joined, and all the welds made perfect, the barrels are heated, and the surplus metal removed with a float; the barrels are then hammered until they are black or nearly cold, which finishes the process. This hammering greatly increases the density and tenacity of the metal, and the wear of the barrel depends in a great measure upon its being properly performed. When the barrels are for breech-loaders, the flats are formed on the undersides of the breech-ends. If an octagon barrel is required, it is forged in this form upon Portion of Gun-barrel Coil. A properly shaped anvil; in rifles the barrels are welded from thicker ribands and welded upon smaller mandrels. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables 29.5 inch barrels
An Excellent 'Year XI' Pattern Russian Made Light Cavalry Sword A scarce Russian, French Napoleonic Model AN XI light cavalry trooper's sword, slightly curved blade 34.5 in, marked Zlatovst? 1826 Goda (faint) on the backstrap, regulation brass hilt with langets and 2 sidebars, ribbed leather grip with brass olive lozenge. Steel twin ringed scabbard. The Napoleonic 'An XI' sabre was captured by the Imperial Russian forces from Napoleon's Grande Armee, that fled in the great retreat from Moscow, subsequent to their ill fated invasion of Russia in 1812. Russia then adopted the sword for their light cavalry regiments. They created their own near identical version, called the M1826/7 pattern, and used it right up to and including the Crimean War in the 1850's, where very likely this sword was captured as a war trophy. The steel scabbard has been hit by two pistol balls. The whole sword is in superb condition, with excellent markings, and with one langet combat damaged.
An Excellent Khedive Star With Original Bar Mount and Ribbon Five pointed star with a central raised circle bearing an image of the Sphinx with the Pyramids behind, the word ‘EGYPT’ above followed by a year 1882 (for the first three issues and undated for the fourth) with the same written in Arabic below. The reverse has the monogram of the Khedive under a crown within a raised circle. The Khedive of Egypt presented a bronze star to all Officers and men of the Navy and Army who were engaged in the suppression of the rebellion of Egypt in 1882. The suspender was straight with a crescent and five pointed star in the centre which is attached to the star with a small metal loop passing through a small ring between the two top points of the star. Ist issue dated 1882. Good Very Fine condition. Unnamed as issued.
An Exception Adams Pattern Antique 120 Bore Double Bullet Mould A singularly fine piece in stunning original patina and it's original bluing to the steel sprue-cutter. This would be absolutely perfect for a cased 120 bore Adams revolver lacking it's mould. Also superb piece for collectors of fine English antique revolver accessories. You simply couldn't find a better example.
An Exceptional French 1822 Pattern Gendarmerie Pattern Pistol A most collectable pistol of the French military police of the early French Restoration Royale period. From the era of King Louis XVIII and Charles X (1814–1830), the July Monarchy under Louis Philippe d'Orléans (1830–1848), the Second Republic (1848–1852), and the Second Empire under Napoleon III (1852–1871). 1840 percussion conversion silex action. A most robust pistol of excellent quality with numerous inspectors marks and poincons. Lock marked Mre Rle Du Chattellerault [made at the Royal Armoury in Chattellerault]. Although for Gendarmerie issue, these strong manstopper bore pistols were so effective and reliable they became much favoured by all officer's as a highly effective personal protector. This would have been the type of pistol used by fictional Police Inspector Javert, who appears in Victor Hugo's Les Miserables, and who spent his career hunting down the story's main protagonist and hero, Jean Valjean. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
An Exceptionally Rare 'Lefaucheux' 12 Shot Revolver of The Civil War Era. The big 12 shot cylinder revolver is quite simply, immensely rare, and few now remain in existence. They are normally now only to be seen in the great arms collections, such as in the Tower [of London] Armoury and the Metropolitan in the USA. This fine gun is in very good condition with good functioning action, though it is a unnamed example, it lacks the Lefaucheux name, likely in order to avoid the payment of royalties, that was most prevalent at the time. Lefaucheux, in 1835, patented an ingenious brass-based paper shot shell that was ignited by a hammer striking a pin that extended through the rear of the case, which rested upon an internal fulminate percussion cap. This was the basis for all the pinfire revolvers that Lefaucheux designed. During the Civil War, when both the North and the South were avidly trying to purchase British and Continental arms, the Lefaucheux pinfire became a highly desirable arm on both sides of the Mason-Dixon Line. Thomas Jonathan "Stonewall" Jackson, for instance, carried an engraved Belgian-made Lefaucheux that had been presented to him by his officers, and Confederate Major Generals J E B Stuart, Braxton Bragg and Richard H. Anderson favored a similar, but 9 shot revolver, but theirs were also fitted with an additional large central calibre that fired a single shot shell. The large majority of pinfires were probably used by the Yankees, simply because they were more successful at importation of both arms and ammunition. It is estimated that next to Colt, Remington and Starr, more Lefaucheux pinfires were used by the Union than any other make. By the war's end almost 12,000 had been purchased. The Confederates' pinfire accumulation was more haphazard, and a wider variety was imported. 7mm cal. 4.75 inch barrel.
An Good Antique Turkish Balkan Yataghan With Nice Blade and Hilt The Yataghan is a very distinctive Turk sword that in many ways resembles the Cossack Shaska, used in the Ottoman Empire and in the Balkan region. It has a finely gilt metal mounted single handed hilt, and a double curved blade with intricate text inscription and most interestingly, a large pouring vessel. 18th to 19th century. Signed 'Ameli usta Ali Sallah' [Made by master smith Ali Sallah]
An Highly Attractive Antique Indo-Persian Khula Khud & Dhal In the traditional Medieval style likely 19th century. Highly decorated with a multi figural design which is similarly matching on the shield with Islamic script panels. The beautiful steel helmet [Khula Khud] has a central steel spike, and mail type neck defenses. A most attractive round shield [Dhal] with four central bosses.
An I8th Century Small Sword Circa 1740 Anglo French War Period. A very inexpensive early sword due to it's surface aging. This was once a most fine 18th century English small sword, with a colishmarde blade. But now with a russet overall surface. Perfectly intact original most finely multi plaited steel wire binding to the grip.Double shell guard with pas d'ans rings. Single knucklebow and egg shaped pommel. The colichemarde descended from the so-called "transition rapier", which appeared because of a need for a lighter sword, better suited to parrying. It was not so heavy at its point; it was shorter and allowed a limited range of double time moves.The colichemarde in turn appeared as a thrusting blade too and also with a good parrying level, hence the strange, yet successful shape of the blade. This sword appeared at about the same time as the foil. However the foil was created for practising fencing at court, while the colichemarde was created for dueling. With the appearance of pocket pistols as a self-defense weapon, the colichemardes found an even more extensive use in dueling. This was achieved thanks to a wide forte (often with several fullers), which then stepped down in width after the fullers ended. The result of this strange shape was a higher maneuverability of the sword: with the weight of the blade concentrated in one's hand it became possible to maneuver the blade at a greater speed and with a higher degree of control, allowing the fencer to place a precise thrust at his/her adversary. Tiny tip area lost and loose shells
An Iconic, Original, Late 18th Century American 'Kentucky' Rifle The 'Kentucky Rifle' [also known as the Pennsylvania Rifle] is probably the most famous, and certainly the most beautiful rifle ever made in America's long history of fine arms making. It was used to incredible effect by the backwoods and mountain men in the American Revolutionary War, and by Congressman and Tennessee hero Davy Crockett, and his world renown riflemen, in the Creek Indian War in 1813 and at The Alamo, in the battle with the Mexican forces of the despot Santa Anna in 1836. These finest 18th century century early American longarms, were the epitome of beauty and function. This fine gun has a superb, long, heavy barrel, traditional crescent butt, a fine double set-trigger action [for hair-trigger pull adjustment], and a beautiful walnut stock, wonderfully set of with a finely hand cut brass patchbox. A half length stock with wooden ramrod and all fine brass funiture. It was the early American Long Guns that were shown to great effect in the film 'The Patriot' the award winning film of the American Revolution. The back country riflemen of the Carolinas and the Mountains of Virginia confounded the British due to their weapons accuracy and long range effectiveness, these were true beginnings of guerrilla warfare which influenced the British decision to create the Rifles Regiments of skirmishers. Early in the conflict gunsmithing was placed under virtual control of the Continental Congress, which fixed the prices for guns and decreed that gunsmiths deliver all guns to the patriot army or be branded as enemies and deprived of the tools of their trade. Pennsylvania makers helped materially to supply the nine companies of riflemen that were raised in this State and placed initially under the command of Colonel William Thompson of Carlisle. The defeat suffered by the riflemen under Benedict Arnold in the ill-fated attack on Quebec was avenged somewhat by the later victories at Saratoga and at King’s Mountain, where the “Tomahawks” comprised a large part of the American forces. Major Patrick Ferguson, commander of loyalist American troops fighting for the British army, who was killed by a rifle bullet at King’s Mountain, had his unit experiment with a breech-loading rifle of his own invention at the battle of the Brandywine. He had urged its adoption by the British army, but the musket continued to be used commonly by all European armies until well into the nineteenth century. The bloody repulse of the British at New Orleans early in January 1815 by the men of Tennessee and Kentucky under Andrew Jackson’s command is another epic in the saga of this historic firearm. Westward across the plains, over the mountains, and beyond the sunsets it was carried by hunter, trader, prospector and settler. Indians respected the “fire stick” and learned to use it against the white intruders in many forays that chronicle the struggle for the West. To the south and west the American national domain was in part carved out by the use of the Kentucky-Pennsylvania-type gun in the war with Mexico. Some of the above information was from the Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission. The Kentucky- Pennsylvania long arm is a most significant part of American history and it's evolution, and it is essential that this history, it's use and it's stories, be passed on to future generations. Showing these arms, in conjunction with detailing just a small part of their history, is a vital way to ensure that these important past events remain alive. By making it as interesting as possible, hopefully, the young of today will both learn and enjoy it, and thus they may want to continue to learn more. This fine historical gun was originally flintlock action but it was converted to the far more efficient percussion action [that could work in wet weather] around the time just before the battle of the Alamo. By doing this the gun's effective working use was extended by another 30 years or more. In the US fine examples of early Kentucky-Pennsylvania guns can fetch as high as the record $184,000 for a John Small Kentucky rifle, and in 2010, a campaign was launched by the Jacobsburg Historical Society's Pennsylvania Long Rifle Museum president and muzzleloading author Dave Ehrig to designate the historic Pennsylvania Rifle as the official firearm of The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. A bill was subsequently introduced in the state Senate, but stalled in committee. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
An Imperial German Damascus Sword Presented by Baron von Hammerstein Damascus swords of Imperial Germany are the most desireable of all German swords. This superb example was presented by one of the German nobility, in Cassel, in 1887. It bears a presentation inscription, given by Ernst Baron von Hammerstein to his friend Rudolf Frank. On the obverse, For Service, Cassel 1887. Ernst von Hammerstein attended high school in Hildesheim, Hanover, the Royal Corps of Cadets, the University of Göttingen and the Forest Academy Mariabrunn in Austria. In 1857 he was a lieutenant in the 3rd Hanoverian Infanterie-Regiment Infantry Regiment and in 1858 First Lieutenant. In 1866 he took part in the Battle of Langensalza. He was, until 1871, in the personal service of King George V of Hanover. The Von Hammersteins had a most influencial part in German history from the 1600's. Ernst's later relative was Commander of the German Army until Hitler took power, and was also a fervent anti Nazi, taking part in several conspiricies, but never caught or imprisoned, until his natural death in 1943Born to a noble family in Hinrichshagen, Mecklenburg-Strelitz, Germany in 1878, Baron von Hammerstein-Equord joined the German Army on 15 March 1898. In 1907 Hammerstein married Maria von Lüttwitz, the daughter of Walther von Lüttwitz. He was attached to the General Staff during World War I and participated in the Battle of Turtucaia. Hammerstein-Equord was loyal to the Weimar Republic, opposing the Kapp-Lüttwitz putsch in 1920. He served as Chief of Staff of the 3rd Division from 1924, as Chief of Staff of the I Group Command in 1929, and as Head of Troops in the Office Ministry of War from 1929. A close friend of Kurt von Schleicher, he was appointed Commander-in-Chief of the Reichswehr in 1930, replacing General Wilhelm Heye. Another was a U Boat Commander in WWII Adolf-Wilhelm von Hammerstein-Equord joined the Kriegsmarine in 1937. He went through U-boat training from Oct 1940 to April 1941. He went through U-boat familiarization (Baubelehrung from April to May 1941 and then became First Watch officer (1WO) on the new U-402 (Kptlt. Siegfried von Forstner) from May to Oct 1941. He left the boat just prior to its first patrol at the end of Oct 1941 (Busch & Röll, 1999). He then became the First Watch officer (1WO) on the U-71 (Kptlt. Walter Flachsenberg) in Oct 1941 and served on the boat until April 1942 (Busch & Röll, 1999). During this time he went out on 2 war patrols, 92 days at sea, and took part in sinking 5 ships for almost 39,000 tons. von Hammerstein-Equord then went through U-boat Commander training with the 24th Flotilla and U-boat Commander sea training on the "duck" U-149 from April to July 1942 Adolf-Wilhelm Baron von Hammerstein-Equord took command of his old boat U-149 on 1 Aug 1942, commanding the boat until 14 May 1944 (Busch & Röll, 1999). The boat was a school boat and von Hammerstein-Equord never went out on patrol with it. Leaving his boat he joined the Staff of the U-boat Command in Norway and stayed in staff positions there until the end of the war in May 1945
An Impressive 19th Century Continental Naval Cutlass By Holler of Solingen Steel guard with cock's comb finial. Wide powerful blade with Solingen maker mark of Holler. Used in the time of the sailing man o'war ships and into the early iron clad battleships. From the early to mid 19th century and on to past the US Civil War period. A very good rubust and stout sword that would have been incredibly effective on shore parties or for ship board assaults. Old repair by top of guard.
An Indonesian Spear With Meoteorite Steel Blade Pamor is the pattern of white lines appearing on the blade. Kris blades are forged by a technique known as pattern welding, one in which layers of different metals are pounded and fused together while red hot, folded or twisted, adding more different metals, pounded more and folded more until the desired number of layers are obtained. The rough blade is then shaped, filed and sometimes polished smooth before finally acid etched to bring out the contrasting colors of the low and high carbon metals. The traditional Indonesian weapon allegedly endowed with religious and mystical powers. With probably a traditional Meteorite laminated iron blade with hammered nickle for the contrasting pattern. Meteoritical blade form in traditional straight bladed Kris . Hardwood long haft [with bend]. Embossed brass decorative haft mount.
An Indonesian Spear With Serpentine Form 'Meoteorite' Steel Blade Pamor is the pattern of white lines appearing on the blade. Kris blades are forged by a technique known as pattern welding, one in which layers of different metals are pounded and fused together while red hot, folded or twisted, adding more different metals, pounded more and folded more until the desired number of layers are obtained. The rough blade is then shaped, filed and sometimes polished smooth before finally acid etched to bring out the contrasting colors of the low and high carbon metals. The traditional Indonesian weapon allegedly endowed with religious and mystical powers. With probably a traditional Meteorite laminated iron blade with hammered nickle for the contrasting pattern.
An Interesting 18th Century Flintlock Semi Holster Pistol With very nice quality brass mounts and butt. The walnut stock is inlaid with thin lines of silver filigree. The shortened barrel is of steel as is the lock. Good tight action and a most unusual very early feature of the barrel tang screw coming up from the trigger recess instead of down to it, a form of barrel mounting more usually seen in the 17th century. It is likely this flintlock is possibly made with some Italian or even English parts for the export Ottoman market. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
An Most Interesting 19th Century Eastern Kindjal Dagger. Very Long Blade A nice horn hilt with decorative geometric brass line inlay. Blade held in by four iron rivets. Blade engraved with fuller and false edge on the reverse.
An Original American Civil War Sergeant's Sword Cast brass hilt shell guard and single edged blade. A good example of the swords used by the Union infantry in the American Civil War.
An Original Ancient 13th Century, Knight's Iron Battle Mace Head Pineapple shaped head with large mounting hole. The type as were also used as a Flail Mace, with the centre mount being filled with lead and a chain mounted hook, when it was not mounted on a haft, as this mace is. Flattened pyramidical protuberances, possibly English or East European. Made for a mounted Knight to use as an Armour and Helmet Crusher in mortal combat. It would have been used up to the 15th to 16th century. On a Flail it had the name of a Scorpion in England or France, or sometimes a Battle-Whip. It was also wryly known as a 'Holy Water Sprinkler'. King John The Ist of Bohemia used exactly such a weapon, as he was blind, and the act of 'Flailing the Mace' meant that his lack of site was no huge disadvantage in close combat. Although blind he was a valiant and the bravest of the Warrior Kings, who perished at the Battle of Crecy against the English in 1346. On the day he was slain he instructed his Knights [both friends and companions] to lead him to the very centre of battle, so he may strike at least one blow against his enemies. His Knights tied their horses to his, so the King would not be separated from them in the press, and they rode together into the thick of battle, where King John managed to strike not one but at least four noble blows. The following day of the battle, the horses and the fallen knights were found all about the body of their most noble King, all still tied to his steed.
An Original Antique Ching Dynasty Dao Sword A big and impressive sword with a long single edged blade. Black iron mounts to the scabbard and sword guard, wooden pommel cord wrapped grip. Ching Dynasty. Used during the Taiping Rebellion, the Opium Wars and into the Boxer Rebellion era, and most likely brought back to England by a soldier that either served in the Taiping Rebellion the Opium War, or defended the legations at the siege in Peking. This weight of sword was frequently used not only in battle but for executions. All black finish. String bound hilt grip. The Taiping Rebellion was a widespread civil war in southern China from 1850 to 1864, led by heterodox Christian convert Hong Xiuquan, who having received visions, maintained that he was the younger brother of Jesus Christ against the ruling Manchu-led Qing Dynasty. About 20 million people died, mainly civilians, in one of the deadliest military conflicts in history. Hong established the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom, officially the "Heavenly Kingdom of Great Peace", with its capital at Nanjing. The Kingdom's army controlled large parts of southern China, at its height containing about 30 million people. The rebels attempted social reforms believing in shared "property in common" and the replacement of Confucianism, Buddhism and Chinese folk religion with a form of Christianity. The Taiping troops were nicknamed "Long Hair" by the Qing government. The Taiping areas were besieged by Qing forces throughout most of the rebellion. The Qing government crushed the rebellion with the eventual aid of French and British forces. The Opium Wars, also known as the Anglo-Chinese Wars, divided into the First Opium War from 1839 to 1842 and the Second Opium War from 1856 to 1860, were the climax of disputes over trade and diplomatic relations between China under the Qing Dynasty and the British Empire. After the inauguration of the Canton System in 1756, which restricted trade to one port and did not allow foreign entrance to China, the British East India Company faced a trade imbalance in favor of China and invested heavily in opium production to redress the balance. British and United States merchants brought opium from the British East India Company's factories in Patna and Benares, in the Indian state of Bengal, to the coast of China, where they sold it to Chinese smugglers who distributed the drug in defiance of Chinese laws. Aware both of the drain of silver and the growing numbers of addicts, the Dao Guang Emperor demanded action. Officials at the court who advocated legalization of the trade in order to tax it were defeated by those who advocated suppression. In 1838, the Emperor sent Lin Zexu to Guangzhou where he quickly arrested Chinese opium dealers and summarily demanded that foreign firms turn over their stocks. When they refused, Lin stopped trade altogether and placed the foreign residents under virtual siege, eventually forcing the merchants to surrender their opium to be destroyed. In response, the British government sent expeditionary forces from India which ravaged the Chinese coast and dictated the terms of settlement. The Treaty of Nanking not only opened the way for further opium trade, but ceded territory including Hong Kong, unilaterally fixed Chinese tariffs at a low rate, granted extraterritorial rights to foreigners in China which were not offered to Chinese abroad, a most favored nation clause, as well as diplomatic representation. When the court still refused to accept foreign ambassadors and obstructed the trade clauses of the treaties, disputes over the treatment of British merchants in Chinese ports and on the seas led to the Second Opium War and the Treaty of Tientsin. Hero of China, British General Gordon, was presented with an identical example, and he is carrying his, while dress in his Chinese garb, in the picture shown in the gallery. Overall very good condition.
An Original Antique Zulu Throwing Staff Formerly of the David Smith Collection. Carved with a stylised birds head top. The Anglo-Zulu War was fought in 1879 between the British Empire and the Zulu Kingdom. Following a campaign by which Lord Carnarvon had successfully brought about federation in Canada, it was thought that similar combined military and political campaigns might succeed with the African kingdoms, tribal areas and Boer republics in South Africa. In 1874, Sir Henry Bartle Frere was sent to South Africa as High Commissioner for the British Empire to bring such plans into being. Among the obstacles were the presence of the independent states of the South African Republic and the Kingdom of Zululand and its army. Frere, on his own initiative, without the approval of the British government and with the intent of instigating a war with the Zulu, had presented an ultimatum on 11 December 1878, to the Zulu king Cetshwayo with which the Zulu king could not comply. Cetshwayo did not comply and Bartle Frere sent Lord Chelmsford to invade Zululand. The war is notable for several particularly bloody battles, including a stunning opening victory by the Zulu at Isandlwana, as well as for being a landmark in the timeline of imperialism in the region. The war eventually resulted in a British victory and the end of the Zulu nation's independence.
An Original Lord Lieutenant's Tunic With Gilt Bullion Sash Circa 1902 Superb silver bullion eppaulettes, collar, and cuffs. Gilt crown buttons red Melton wool cloth. Red bullion sash. To have a current Lord Lieutenant's tunic bespoke made today by a Saville Row tailor would cost £2,600 with an additional £750 for the sash. In England and Wales and in Ireland, the lord lieutenant was the principal officer of his county. The office's creation dates from the Tudors. Lieutenants were first appointed to a number of English historic counties by Henry VIII in the 1540s, when the military functions of the sheriff were handed over to him. He raised and was responsible for the efficiency of the local militia units of the county, and afterwards of the yeomanry, and volunteers. He was commander of these forces, whose officers he appointed. These commissions were originally of temporary duration, and only when the situation required the local militia to be specially supervised and well prepared — often where invasion by Scotland or France might be expected. Tunic in good condition for age, but a couple of tiny moth holes and very little inner liner remaining
An Original Spanish Cup Hilt Rapier 17th & 18th Century. This is simply a fascinating sword in that in it's working life has had a blade fitted from a 1796 British Heavy cavalry trooper's sword. Early Spanish cup hilt rapiers often originally had long and slender blades, that in the 18th century were very often changed, due to the changing methods of sword combat, for heavier, shorter broadsword blades, as the cup hilted sword stayed in favour in Spain for much longer than in the rest of Europe. However, we have never seen an original period addition of a British blade on one before, this is most intriguing. One must imagine it may well have been added at the time of the Spanish alliance with Britain during the Peninsular War in Spain, against Napoleon's occupying forces. The cup has some crush damage on one side. Crown 4 stamp to balde and maker's mark stamp on backstrap, probably Hadley.
An Original Zulu Sagila War Club Formerly of the David Smith Collection War club with a facetted head. One piece clubs were made from the "umncuma" or wild olive tree. One of the forms of knopkerrie used by Zulu Impi. Also spelled knobkerrie, knopkierie or knobkerry, are African clubs used mainly in Southern and Eastern Africa. Typically they have a large knob at one end and can be used for throwing at animals in hunting or for clubbing an enemy's head. This knobkierrie is carved from a branch thick enough for the facetted knob, the rest being whittled down to create the shaft. The name derives from the Afrikaans word knop, meaning knot or ball and the word kierie, meaning cane or walking stick. The name has been extended to similar weapons used by the natives of Australia, the Pacific islands and other places. Knobkierries were an indispensable weapon of war, particularly among southern Nguni tribes such as the Zulu (as the iwisa) and the Xhosa. During the Great War the knobkierrie was occasionally used. The weapon is reported carried by British soldiers in Siegfried Sassoon's fictionalised autobiography of his service in France during World War One, Memoirs of an Infantry Officer.
An Ottoman Turkish Yataghan Khard Dagger Probably 19th century or possibly early 20th century. A 'sleeper' kept in and old storage locker for decades and still very grubby. I]ivory grips attached with four rivets to the decorative hilt, with thin translucent red highlights, with a t section steel blade, original wooden leather covered scabbard with lattice work decoration [wear to leather. The knife length is 26.5cms. Some small chip to ears of ivory grips. Bought as a pair with it's identical matching dagger but we are selling them seperately.
An Unusual Basket Hilted Sword Sheet Steel Lapped and Rivetted Hilt Mounted with an 1826 pattern Scottish military broadsword blade, bearing the traditional Queen Victoria's cypher, and fitted in it's bright steel scabbard. The guard is most unusual in that it is more reminiscent of a piece made by an smith-armourer rather than a traditional basket hilt maker. With overlapped sheet steel bars intertwined [and of differing widths] that are rivetted at every crossed overlap, and set with a cushion pommel on a small rivetted ovoid top plate. The basket interior has traces of it's original red ocre paint. It is a most unusual Scots basket hilted broadsword, that was likely used by a highlander with past regimental connections, although this is most definitely not a regimental use sword.
Ancient Bronze Age Spear, 4000 Years Old An Amlash spear made around 2000 B.C. Good socket mount with excellent natural age encrustation patina.
Ancient Form Chinese Bronze Helmet, of Circa 400bc Warring States Era Style With good green aged patination, and as tradition dictates, cast in one piece. In the past 30 years or so we have had only a very few of these helmets, and just two have been original and the correct age that they should. We feel likely it is not the age as it appears to be, but a later made example known as 'Historismus'. Historismus armour was a name likely coined in the 19th century to describe pieces made in an earlier or even ancient form and style, but made much later. However, it is still a most beautiful piece of art, extremely pleasing, decorative, and it would compliment any historical or classical display of arms or antiques.31 cm high, weight 3 kilos.
Antique 18th-19th Century Khula Khud With Demon Face and Sipar A beautiful helmet suite of fabulous form and the most desireable design with a face fronted helmet. The front of the helmet skull is relief modelled in the form of a demonic face with eyes, eyebrows nose and hairy moustache, with a spike central finial, noseguard, chainmail camail, fully engraved helmet with seated figures and calligraphic panels all over decorated with traces of gold inlay. The steel sipar shield is also matching with figures and calligraphic script with four central bosses. All the inscribed surfaces are decorated with traces of gold and silver koftgari work.
Antique Arquebus Battlement Gun From The Armoury of Maharajah of Jaipur This huge gun would make a fantastic display piece. It is one of a collection we acquired from the Armoury of The Maharajah of Jaipur and stored since the time of Tippoo Sultan in the late 18th century. Walnut Stock, long steel barrel, matchlock mechanism, stamped with with Jaipur Arsenal Mark. Due to their size we cannot ship these guns outside of the UK. . Amazingly impressive arm at very little cost and great value. Generic representative photos, all the guns are very slightly different. Approx 8ft long various degrees of natural age wear and some age damage. Stock will need a little work. Generic photos, please contact for further delivery details. UK Delivery only
Antique Arquebus Battlement Gun From The Armoury of Maharajah of Jaipur This huge gun would make a fantastic display piece. It is one of a collection we acquired from the Armoury of The Maharajah of Jaipur and stored since the time of Tippoo Sultan in the late 18th century. Walnut Stock, long steel barrel, matchlock mechanism, stamped with with Jaipur Arsenal Mark. Due to their size we cannot ship these guns outside of the UK. Amazingly impressive arm at very little cost and great value. Generic representative photos, all the guns are very slightly different. Approx 8ft long various degrees of natural age wear and some age damage. Stock will need a little work. Generic photos, please contact for further delivery details. UK Delivery only
Antique Brass Pressure/Steam Guage From The World's Oldest Aquarium A piece of Victorian public attraction history. We are fortunate to acquire a few old Victorian steam gauges, due to the refit of the world's oldest working aquarium in Brighton, now called the Sea Life Centre, and the largest in Britain. The main aquarium hall was some 70 metres long, a feat of Victorian engineering that housed a Victorian tea room and wondrous exhibits. First unveiled in 1872, the Aquarium was designed by Eugenius Birch, the man behind Brighton’s West Pier, at a cost of £130,000. One exhibit was a recreation of Captain Nemo's Nautilus, the legendary submarine, these gauges were part of the display, that has now been removed due to the restoration programme. One hundred years ago the Brighton Aquarium was acclaimed as being the largest and most imaginative Aquarium in the world. People came from far and wide to see the new sea world. The idea to build the greatest Aquarium in the world came from a London architect and designer of marine piers, Eusebuis Birch. Brighton, on the south coast, with splendid hotels and a new railway link to London, seemed the ideal choice. A site facing the West Pier, which he had already designed, was the first choice but the ultimate decision was for a building at the west end of a new road now known as Madeira Drive, where once stood a toll house for the famous Chain Pier. Before any work could commence it was essential to obtain permission from the local authorities and from Parliament. The first of several Acts of Parliament for the project received the Royal Assent on July 12th 1869 and work start immediately. The estimate for the building involved a sum of £100,000, further increased to £133,000 the following year. Because buildings were not allowed to rise above the Marine Parade, a great deal of excavating was carried out. Facing stones used in the protecting sea wall came chiefly from blocks that made up the original Blackfriars Bridge, London. The courtyard had five terra-cotta arches supported by pillars enriched with carvings of mermaids, sea nymphs and other marine symbols. In the large entrance hall and lining the 224ft. long corridor, were the fish tanks in archways leading up to a vaulted ceiling, supported by columns of polished red Edinburgh granite, and green serpentine marble, with pillars of Bath stone and a mosaic flooring. The somewhat subdued light coming from inside the tanks, controlled to suit the environment of the marine life inside, gave an impression of mystery and excitement, almost as though one was deep under the sea, looking into the strange world of fishes. The wide corridor led to a conservatory which had an attractive grotto complete with a cascade of water. Later this became a popular meeting place. Although the building was far from ready, it was decided to open on Easter Saturday 1872. with the idea that the official opening would take place during August, when the premises would have been completed. Queen Victoria's third son. Prince Arthur, arrived that Easter, in Brighton, with Prince Edward of Saxe-Weimar. The Royal Party expressed a wish to see the new Aquarium and it was necessary to carry out immediate work on the roadway in order that the Royal Party and their ladies could enter the Aquarium without sinking up to their ankles in mud. With flags flying, the Princes enjoyed their visit. Pausing "ever and anon" to view the interesting specimens. The Press described this impromptu opening as "very propitious" and "It could scarcely have entered the minds of any of the most sanguine of the Aquarium directors that its opening would be attended by a Prince of the Blood Royal. On August 10th 1872 the Mayor, Sir Cody Burrows, declared the premises open, despite great problems with contractors, a difficult site, the sea and the weather, plus many battles with Parliament and Brighton Council. The Aquarium Clock Tower became famous all over the world and picture postcards of its familiar facade sold in their thousands.
Antique Brass Steam/Pressure Guage From The World's Oldest Aquarium A souvenir of Victorian public attraction history. We are fortunate to acquire a few old Victorian steam gauges, due to the refit of the world's oldest working aquarium in Brighton, now called the Sea Life Centre, and the largest in Britain. The main aquarium hall was some 70 metres long, a feat of Victorian engineering that housed a Victorian tea room and wondrous exhibits. First unveiled in 1872, the Aquarium was designed by Eugenius Birch, the man behind Brighton’s West Pier, at a cost of £130,000. One exhibit was a recreation of Captain Nemo's Nautilus, the legendary submarine, these gauges were part of the display, that has now been removed due to the restoration programme. One hundred and forty years ago the Brighton Aquarium was acclaimed as being the largest and most imaginative Aquarium in the world. People came from far and wide to see the new sea world. The idea to build the greatest Aquarium in the world came from a London architect and designer of marine piers, Eusebuis Birch. Brighton, on the south coast, with splendid hotels and a new railway link to London, seemed the ideal choice. A site facing the West Pier, which he had already designed, was the first choice but the ultimate decision was for a building at the west end of a new road now known as Madeira Drive, where once stood a toll house for the famous Chain Pier. Before any work could commence it was essential to obtain permission from the local authorities and from Parliament. The first of several Acts of Parliament for the project received the Royal Assent on July 12th 1869 and work start immediately. The estimate for the building involved a sum of £100,000, further increased to £133,000 the following year. Because buildings were not allowed to rise above the Marine Parade, a great deal of excavating was carried out. Facing stones used in the protecting sea wall came chiefly from blocks that made up the original Blackfriars Bridge, London. The courtyard had five terra-cotta arches supported by pillars enriched with carvings of mermaids, sea nymphs and other marine symbols. In the large entrance hall and lining the 224ft. long corridor, were the fish tanks in archways leading up to a vaulted ceiling, supported by columns of polished red Edinburgh granite, and green serpentine marble, with pillars of Bath stone and a mosaic flooring. The somewhat subdued light coming from inside the tanks, controlled to suit the environment of the marine life inside, gave an impression of mystery and excitement, almost as though one was deep under the sea, looking into the strange world of fishes. The wide corridor led to a conservatory which had an attractive grotto complete with a cascade of water. Later this became a popular meeting place. Although the building was far from ready, it was decided to open on Easter Saturday 1872. with the idea that the official opening would take place during August, when the premises would have been completed. Queen Victoria's third son. Prince Arthur, arrived that Easter, in Brighton, with Prince Edward of Saxe-Weimar. The Royal Party expressed a wish to see the new Aquarium and it was necessary to carry out immediate work on the roadway in order that the Royal Party and their ladies could enter the Aquarium without sinking up to their ankles in mud. With flags flying, the Princes enjoyed their visit. Pausing "ever and anon" to view the interesting specimens. The Press described this impromptu opening as "very propitious" and "It could scarcely have entered the minds of any of the most sanguine of the Aquarium directors that its opening would be attended by a Prince of the Blood Royal. On August 10th 1872 the Mayor, Sir Cody Burrows, declared the premises open, despite great problems with contractors, a difficult site, the sea and the weather, plus many battles with Parliament and Brighton Council. The Aquarium Clock Tower became famous all over the world and picture postcards of its familiar facade sold in their thousands. The gauge is iron framed, may work but may not. 10.5 inches across 12 inches high
Antique Ching Dynasty 'Rose Medallion' Canton Export Porcelain Lamp A superb and beautiful lamp, circa 1830, with the body of a Cantonese Vase [in Rose Medallion pattern] with lacquered highly decorative pierced brass bottom mount and an oil lamp top, converted to electricity.25 inches high [not including light fitting] 33 inches high with shadeYOBB
Antique Mandingo Chieftain's Slave and Gold Trader Sword With Tattoo Skin A slave and gold traders weapon. The Manding (Mandingo) are West African people. Their traditional sword comprises a sabre like blade, guardless leather grip and scabbard with exquisite leather work. This example is a long sized example, of a high ranking Mandingo, of very nice quality and finely tattooed. 25 inches long curved blade, leather grip and leather scabbard with leaf shaped widening tip, entirely tooled tattooed and decorated. Of special interest is the finely bound and decorated leather work. These weapons are well known for their leather-work and the tattooing applied to the leather of the scabbards. The iron work skills are less well developed. Many blades are taken from European weapons such as sabres and cutlasses. While the Baule are a distinct tribal group to the west, it is important to observe that ‘Malinke’ is a variant term applied to the ‘Mandingo’ (also Manding, Mandin, Mande). In general, these remain primarily considered Mandingo weapons, and from regions in Mali. These were of course invariably mounted with European sabre blades. Mandingo Tribe (also known as the Mandinka, Mande, or the Malinke Tribes) were the traders of the African West Coast, trading primarily in gold and slaves. The blades comes out a little from the chape. Small areas of leather seperation on the scabbard binding. Picture in the gallery of an 1850's engraving of a Mandingo Chief and his sword bearer.
Antique Mandingo Slave and Gold Traders Sword With Tattoo Skin Sheath A slave and gold traders weapon. The Manding (Mandingo) are West African people. Their traditional sword comprises a sabre like blade, guardless leather grip and scabbard with exquisite leather work. This example is a regular sized example yet of very nice quality and finely tattooed.16 inches long curved blade, leather grip and leather scabbard with leaf shaped widening tip, entirely tooled tattooed and decorated. Of special interest is the finely bound and decorated leather work. These weapons are well known for their leather-work and the tattooing applied to the leather of the scabbards. The iron work skills are less well developed. Many blades are taken from European weapons such as sabres and cutlasses. While the Baule are a distinct tribal group to the west, it is important to observe that ‘Malinke’ is a variant term applied to the ‘Mandingo’ (also Manding, Mandin, Mande). In general, these remain primarily considered Mandingo weapons, and from regions in Mali. These were of course invariably mounted with European sabre blades. Mandingo Tribe (also known as the Mandinka, Mande, or the Malinke Tribes) were the traders of the African West Coast, trading primarily in gold and slaves.
Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders Glengarry Badge 1882 to 1900 Pattern In pressed nickle with good clear definition and in good condition, 2 lugs.
Austrian Mannlicher Cavalry Bayonet Model 1895 Regimentally marked Used by the Austrian Empire in WW1. The sole difference between this and the common standard type [for infantry] is the inclusion of the rifle's foresight which surmounts the crossguard. Condition is very good. Exhibiting the Austrian cutting edge upwards feature that other countries do not have. Wood grips with two rivets.Combat marks to right grip. In it's original all steel scabbard and frog.9.75 inch blade.
Battle of Crecy 1346, Edward 3rd Penny, Archers Ring, Armour Piecing Arrow A fabulous medeavil collection, representing one of the most famous English medeavil battles, a resounding and extraordinary assymetrical victory by Edward IIIrd, the Battle of Crecy 1346. Edward III Medieval hammered silver penny. York mint. 1327-77 A.D. 19mm. Edward III iron arrow head with bent tip to suggest the impact on a helmet, and a superb archer's ring [small size as is normal of the era] with heavy shank and an angled expanding bezel designed to rest against the thumb, to relieve the pressure from the bow string. Crecy was was of history's greatest and remarkable battles, French deaths and casulaties numbered in their thousands, English deaths from as little as a few dozen to a maximum of 300. These battlefield recoveries of the Crecy era, come complete as a small collection, with a volume of Battles of English History, published in 1895. Dr Ian Mortimer wrote; Of all the battles of the Hundred Years War, both Crécy (1346) and Agincourt (1415) are particularly famed for their strategic importance. But while Shakespeare wrote his most patriotic work about Henry V, culminating in the battle of Agincourt, he wrote nothing comparable about Edward III and Crécy. Consequently, Henry V and Agincourt have acquired a unique cultural significance: iconic symbols of an English victory won against the odds. Therefore the visitor coming to Crécy-en-Ponthieu is entitled to ask: what is the significance of this place? If Shakespeare had chosen to write about Edward III, would the English language ring with famous lines associated with Edward on the field of Crécy? To answer this question it is necessary to know something about England in the fourteenth century. Edward III inherited a kingdom beset by two main zones of conflict: Aquitaine (South West France) and Scotland. It was therefore a turning point when he realised, in 1332, that the massed use of longbows could destroy a much larger army on the battlefield. Edward decided to resolve his political dilemmas through the use of thousands of longbowmen equipped with huge numbers of arrows. Edward III’s purposeful development of massed longbows in the years between 1332 and 1346 was a profoundly important military revolution. Previously battles had been fought by infantry and groups of heavily-armoured knights fighting hand-to-hand. The main strategic advantages had been those of outnumbering the enemy, cutting off their supply lines, or having a better-equipped army. Edward realised that a far greater strategic advantage lay in killing the enemy before the hand-to-hand fighting began. A force of longbowmen could tackle a much larger enemy army, for the archers could each kill several men without danger of being hurt themselves. When Edward III put his new thinking to the test against the Scots at Halidon Hill in 1333, he had fewer men than the Scots; nevertheless, his archers massacred the Scottish army. There was a third advantage to Edward’s archer-dominated armies. Longbowmen were much cheaper to employ and equip than aristocratic knights. Therefore it was possible for him to take an army of longbowmen deep into France itself, and show the French people how King Philip was unable to protect them. The key to all of this was preparation. Edward needed experienced longbowmen. He also needed enough bows and arrows. He encouraged the practice of archery – and with it the continual manufacture of new equipment in peacetime as well as war. When in 1341 he wanted to lead an expedition to Brittany, he simply issued an order for 130,000 sheaves of arrows to be gathered – a total of 2,600,000 arrows. No king of France could ever have hoped to gather so many at short notice. In July 1346 Edward landed at St Vaast-la-Hogue with about twelve thousand men and proceeded to fight his way across Normandy. He knew that a French army, when it gathered, was bound to outnumber him; but he knew that if he could force the French men-at-arms to charge uphill within range of his carefully arranged archers, he would be able to destroy them with the minimum of actual hand-to-hand fighting. Edward’s victory over the French at Crécy on 26 August 1346 astounded all of Christendom. It was doubly astonishing, for it was not just unexpected, it had obviously been carefully planned. Edward had achieved a military superiority over all his enemies. In later campaigns in France and Scotland in the 1350s he sought to repeat his success; he was never defeated. Scene from the Battle of Crecy, 1346. Fierce fighting between soldiers and knights in armour during the Battle of Crecy, Picardie,France. From "Les Chroniques de France"
Beautiful Antique Silver and Enamel Indo-Persian 'Rulers' Sword.Wootz Steel Quite simply one of the most beautiful swords, from the finest pedigree, that one can ever own. A Long curved, early antique Mogul blade showing fine Damascus of finest wootz steel [true Damascus] of the Kirk Narduban pattern, known as Mohamed's Ladder. Solid silver hilt with finest blue Basse Taille enamel, likely from the 18th century. Considered by many to be, alongside the Samurai sword, the finest sword blades ever made, the blades of the best Indo Persian swords were manufactured using wootz, otherwise known as 'true Damascus' steel. This creates a very particular grain on the surface of the blade. The exquisite enamel hilt is lustrous translucent blue over finest solid silver. Basse Taille, is French for "low cut", and was a technique where a hand cut pattern is created in the silver before translucent enameling, so that when the enamel is laid over it, the pattern shines through the transparent glass. 'Basse Taille' adds incredible texture and life to the design. A style of enamel work that was copied [and in some ways historically made his own] by the great Russian silver house, and personal enamalist to Czar Nicholas IInd, Carl Faberge. All of the world famous, and fabulous Faberge Easter eggs, that were made for the Russian Czars Alexander and Nicolas, utilized the [guilloche] simplified 'Basse Taille' enamel process, [guilloche is slightly easier to produce, and less organic, as it was machine cut patterning] but, it is little known to have been, in the greater part, created by the great Indo Persian artisans in the 18th century. We have spent many thousands of pounds over numerous weeks of highly specialist and intensive work to simply professionally clean it, as it the hilt was absolutely and totally blackened with age and accumulated age discolouration, thus making a proper appraisal impossible. The pommel cap is slightly misshapen through age, and this wehave decided to leave untouched.The blades of the best swords were manufactured using wootz, otherwise known as 'True Damascus' steel. This creates a very particular grain on the surface of the blade. True Damascus blades were manufactured in the Safavid Persian Empire (covering the area of modern Iran and parts of several other countries), originally in Damascus, and then later in Khorassan and Isfahan, using steels of Indian origin. Damascus steel is created by the extremely slow cooling of the melted iron, which encourages the formation of extremely hard Martensite crystals among softer Cementite ones. The veins of these Martensite crystals create the distinctive ‘watered steel’ pattern on Damascus blades, as well as giving them a fine balance of hardness and flexibility. In the 16th century, Persian ‘watered steel’ was famous across Eurasia. High quality Persian swords like this one were much sought after since they were easily capable of splitting contemporary European helmets with a single stroke, and, through legend, halving a silk handkerchief drawn lightly across their blades.
Beautiful Circa1730 Queen Anne Dragoon Officer's Pistol By Barbar of London 12 inch Barrel, bearing early proof stampings of AR, and crossed sceptres, of Queen Anne. The pistols military furniture is all brass, with a typical officer's type short eared style butt cap terminating with a grotesque mask [the early type, from the time of King William IIIrd, before the long spurred style became fashionable in the 1740's]. The lock is the early banana form, typical of the early 18th century, with a the good and clear name of Mr. Barbar inscribed. It has a good and responsive action. The stock is fine walnut. It has a single ramrod pipe, also typical of the early Queen Anne style. This would not be an issued, trooper's pistol, but a officer's private purchase example, from one of the great makers and suppliers to the dragoon regiments and officers of his day, during the time of King George IInd. This pistol would have seen service during the War known as King George's War of 1744-48, in America, and the 7 Years War, principally against the French but involving the whole of Europe, and once again, also fought in America. Recognized experts like the late Keith Neal, D.H.L Back and Norman Dixon consider James Barbar to be the best gun maker of his day. Dixon states, "Almost without exception, unrestored and original antique firearms made by James Barbar of London are of the highest quality". In Windsor Castle there are a superb pair of pistols by James Barbar and a Queen Anne Barbar pistol also appeared in the Clay P. Bedford exhibition at the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Barbar supplied complete dragoon pistols for Churchill's Dragoons in 1745, also guns for the Duke of Cumberland's Dragoons during 1746 to 48, and all of the carbines for Lord Loudoun's regiment of light infantry in 1745. James was apprenticed to his father Louis Barbar in October of 1714. Louis Barbar was a well known gun maker who had immigrated to England from France in 1688. He was among many Huguenots (French Protestants) who sought refuge in England after the revocation of the Edict of Nantes by Louis XIV in 1685. Louis was appointed Gentleman Armourer to King George I in 1717, and to George II in 1727. He died in 1741 . James Barbar completed his apprenticeship in 1722 and was admitted as a freeman to the Company of Gunmakers. By 1726 James had established a successful shop on Portugal Street in Piccadilly. After his father's death in 1741, James succeeded him as Gentleman Armourer to George II, and furbisher at Hampton Court. He was elected Master of the Gunmakers` Company in 1742. James Barbar died in 1773. The book "Great British Gunmakers 1740-1790" contains a detailed chapter on James Barbar and many fine photographs of his weapons. This lovely pistol is 19 inches long overall. It has had some past srvice restoration, but nothing at all onerous. The mainspring is replaced, the for-end stock has old repairs, and the rammer is a replacement. But, it is hardly surprising as this pistol may likely have seen rogourous combat service for upwards of 80 years. It is now a beauty and a fine example of the early British military gunsmiths art. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
Beautiful European Topographic Watercolour of A Castle on The Rhine 19th C. In the British romantic landscape style, not far removed in quality by the greatest exponant of the art, Joseph Mallord Willam Turner who is said laid the foundation for Impressionism. This is a beautiful Victorian watercolour, superbly executed. Titled but unsigned, possibly by William Callow 1812-1908 Callow was a landscape, architectural and marine artist. He taught in Paris and was appointed drawing master to the family of Louis Phillippe who was King of France between 1830 and 1848. Callow was elected to the Royal Soc. of Painters in Water Colours in 1848. 7 X 9.5 inches, Frame 18.25 x 15.25 inches
Beautiful Pair Of Antique, English Civil War, Armour Cavalry Gauntlets To be worn on horseback, by a cavalry officer, wearing a front and back armour cuirass, a buff hide coat and a lobster tail or burgonet helmet. A very beautiful pair of 17th century pattern composite gauntlets, that at sometime likely during the 19th century have had the cuffs, articulation, philanges restored and releathered. Three of the philanges leathers have now perished apart.
Brass Cannon Barrel Blunderbuss By 17th Century London Maker, Calloway A singularly beautiful early Blunderbuss. Brass cannon barrel, finest walnut stock with fabulous patina, fine complimentary brass furniture which bears all it's original natural aged patina. Horn tipped ram rod with worm screw for the removal of a misfired ball. The barrel is stunning with good Tower of London private proof marks. The lock has been percussion converted in the 19th century in order to extend it's working life. The blunderbuss was probably the most famous flintlock long gun ever made, certainly the most beautiful and simply glorious in it's elegance. It was typically issued to a single sergeant in a troop of cavalry, who required the use of a lightweight, easily handled maneuverable arm capable of short bursts fire for powerful effect, often to protect the officer of the troop. In the Sharp films of the 95th Rifles, his sergeant, Harper, carried a short barreled volley gun exactly for that very purpose. In addition to the cavalry, the blunderbuss found use for other duties, in which it's unique properties were desirable, such as for guarding prisoners or defending a mail coach. The blunderbuss was used by the British Royal Mail service during the period of the 18th to early 19th century was a flintlock with a long flared brass barrel, and brass furniture. A typical mail coach would have a single postal employee on board to guard the mail from highwaymen, armed with a brass barreled blunderbuss and a pair of pistols. During the 18th century, Customs and Excise Officers were armed with pistols, hangers and swords and blunderbusses, especially the early horse patrols. Gentleman's coaches could also maintain the use of a outrider armed with a blunderbuss for psychological as well as physical security. There is a very persuasive psychological point to the size of the muzzle, as any person facing it could not fail to fear the consequences of it's discharge, and surrender or retreat in the face of an armed blunderbuss would be a happy and desirable result for both parties. The original of the name is likely from the flemish word for a similar gun, the donderbus [which translates to 'thunder gun' ]. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables. 29 inches long overall.
British Army Sergeant's Deluxe Grade Pace Stick Copper gilt pommel and Malacca cane. A very nice example last in the ownership of a Gloucester Regt. Officer of WW2
Bronze Medal, With SIS Connections, International Airship Exhibition 1909 This medal was made for The International Airship Exhibition, that was held in Frankfurt in 1909 as the world's largest and most important air show on 10 July to October 1909 for a period of 100 days, in Frankfurt. It was obtained as a souvenir, by an anonymous confederate, of a previously top secret British spying mission, against Imperial Germany, by one of the most famous British spies in history, the so-called 'Ace of Spies', Sidney Reilly MC. It is of the International Airship Exhibition at Frankfurt; Obverse: relief of a nude male figure, with an airship in the background, embossed with text, a quote from Goethe, "UND EIN FLUGEL PAAR FALTET SICH LOS! DOKTHIN! ICH MUSS! ICH MUSS! GONNTMIR DEN FLUG"; Reverse: embossed text "1783 INTERNATIONALE LUFTSCHIFFAHRT AUSSTELLUNG FRANKFURT A/M 1909". An example of this rare medal is in the Smithsonian in America, donated by the Institute of Aeronautical Sciences Inc. Inventory number: A19640403000. The Ace of Spies, biographer, Robin Bruce Lockhart recounts Reilly's alleged involvement in obtaining a newly developed German magneto at the first Frankfurt International Air Show ("Internationale Luftschiffahrt-Ausstellung") in 1909. According to British diplomat, SIS agent, and journalist Sir Robert Bruce Lockhart, on the fifth day of the air show a German plane lost control and crashed, killing the pilot. The plane's engine was alleged to have used a new type of magneto that was far ahead of other designs. Reilly and a British SIS agent posing as one of the exhibition pilots diverted public attention while they removed the magneto from the wreck and substituted another. The SIS agent quickly made detailed drawings of the German magneto, and when the engine had been removed to a hangar, the agent and Reilly managed to restore the original magneto. Lieutenant Sidney George Reilly, MC, was born Shlomo Rosenblum, famously known as the Ace of Spies, was a Jewish Russian- or Ukrainian-born adventurer and secret agent employed by Scotland Yard, the British Secret Service Bureau and later the Secret Intelligence Service (SIS). Throughout his life, Sidney Reilly maintained a close yet tempestuous consanguinity with the British intelligence community. In 1896, Reilly was recruited by Superintendent William Melville for the émigré intelligence network of Scotland Yard's Special Branch. Through his close relationship with Melville, Reilly would be employed as a secret agent for the Secret Service Bureau, which the War Office created in October 1909. His exploits are the stuff of legend, worthy of the best of James Bond, but here we only have time to briefly detail his most famous. In 1918, Reilly began to work for MI 1(c), an early designation for the British Secret Intelligence Service, under Sir Mansfield Smith-Cumming [later known as 'C']. Reilly was allegedly trained by the latter organization and sent to Moscow in March 1918 to assassinate Vladimir Ilyich Lenin or attempt to overthrow the Bolsheviks. He had to escape after the Cheka unraveled the so-called Lockhart Plot against the Bolshevik government. The endeavor to depose the Bolshevik Government and assassinate Vladimir Ilyich Lenin is considered by biographers to be Reilly's most daring scheme. On September 3, the aborted coup was sensationalized by the Russian press. Reilly was identified as a leader, and a dragnet ensued. The Cheka raided his assumed refuge, but Reilly avoided capture and met with Captain Hill. Hill proposed that Reilly escape Russia via Ukraine using their network of British agents for safe houses and assistance. Reilly instead chose a shorter, more dangerous route north to Finland. With the Cheka closing in, Reilly, carrying a Baltic German passport, posed as a legation secretary and departed Moscow in a railway car reserved for the German Embassy. In Kronstadt, Reilly sailed by ship to Helsinki and reached Stockholm. He arrived in London on November 8 to meet the SIS chief. The day before Reilly and Hill met with Sir Mansfield Smith-Cumming ("C") in London for their debriefing, the Russian Izvestia newspaper reported that both Reilly and Lockhart had been sentenced to death in absentia by a Revolutionary Tribunal for their roles in the attempted coup of the Bolshevik government. Their sentence was to be carried out immediately should either of them be apprehended on Soviet soil. This sentence would later be served on Reilly when he was caught, tortured and executed, after a most complex and successful plot to ensnare him, called operation 'Trust' by the OGPU in 1925. After Reilly's death, the London Evening Standard published in May, 1931, a Master Spy serial glorifying his exploits. Later, Ian Fleming would use Reilly as a model for James Bond. Today, many historians consider Reilly to be the first 20th century super-spy. 7cm across.
Christmas Opening Days & Deliveries As Usual For The Next Two Weeks We will only be closed on Christmas Day, Boxing day and the 27th, with half day opening on Christmas Eve. Deliveries will be made for Christmas if sent before the 21st in the UK. International deliveries vary. We are closed the following week on New Years Day only.
Commemorative Medal for the Franco-Prussian War 1870-1871 Circular gilt bronze medal with ribbed loop for ribbon suspension; the face with an Iron Cross (cross pattée) with rays between the arms, inscribed ‘1870 1871’ within a wreath of laurel; the reverse with the crowned monogram of King Wilhelm above the inscription ‘Dem siegreichen Heere’ (the victorious army), circumscribed ‘Gott war mit uns Ihm sei die Ehre’ (God was with us To Him the Glory); the edge inscribed ‘AUS EROBERTEM GESCHUETZ’ (from captured cannon); The medal was instituted on 20 May 1871 for those active in the War with France. It was in bronze for combatants and steel for non-combatants. The conflict between France and Prussia that signalled the rise of German military power and imperialism was provoked by the Prussian (later German) Chancellor Otto von Bismarck as part of his plan to create a unified German Empire. The French armies were overcome at Sedan by the efficient Prussian forces, battle-hardened from their conflicts with Denmark and Austria. In Paris, a bloodless revolution led to the overthrow of Napoleon III. The city was besieged by the Prussians from 19 September and held out, suffering severe privation, until 28 January. France was forced to cede Alsace and Lorraine to the Germany which had been proclaimed an empire under Wilhelm I on 18 January 1871 in the Hall of Mirrors at Versailles, sowing the seeds of future 20th Century conflicts. A very good example.
Dumbartonshire Volunteer's Badge Cast white metal with one lug missing 82mm x 62mm
Early Sikh Khanda Hilt Firangi Sword All steel hilt and blade, straight single edged blade typical Khanda Hilt with flattened guard 17th 18th century.This is the form of sword used by the Sikhs in India and symbolic of their nation
Early Sikh Khanda Hilt Firangi Sword 17th to 18th Century All steel hilt and blade, straight single edged blade, double fullered, typical Khanda Hilt with flattened guard, 17th 18th century.A most interesting and beautioful sword. One hilt section seperated.
Elegant Mahdist Sudanese Dagger or Short Sword 14 inch double edged blade with delicate stipple banded edges and medial ridge. Elongated grip in two stages for two hand use. Grip wrap and scabbard of maroon red and brown leather with black borders and bands. The scabbard with lineal tooled decoration and white leather bands and tassel. Unusually complete with belt loop and attached grip securing band. Well preserved English trophy of the Sudanese War. The Mahdist War (also called the Mahdist Revolt) was a colonial war of the late 19th century. It was fought between the Mahdist Sudanese and the Egyptian and later British forces. It has also been called the Anglo-Sudan War or the Sudanese Mahdist Revolt. The British have called their part in the conflict the Sudan Campaign. It was vividly described by Winston Churchill (who took part in its concluding stages) in The River War.
European Axe 13th Century. In Very Good Excavated Order The iron axe from medeavil times is a fascinating weapon, and one of our favourites. In many ways because they contain so much thick iron, they could be in be an excavated state lose a quarter of an inch of iron yet still 95% complete and functionable. if a sword from this era is excavated, and lost a quarter of an inch, it could be so thin and perilously fragile as to be almost untouchable. Plus, a sword from the period, even in an excavated state, would be close to ten times the price [up to £10,000 plus] so an axe is simply a tremendous value for money ancient collectable. They were also a double purpose weapon, being just as useful for craft when battle was not prevalent. The Romans were crucially famous in these circumstances, with a battle hardend legionary being as much an engineer [as a fort and road builder] as a warrior. With many Roman axes specifically designed for use in battle and construction. Many famous historical figures were associated with the axe. At the Battle of Stiklestad, in 1030, one of the most famous battles in the history of Norway, King Olaf II of Norway was killed while using the axe. He was later canonized, and thus the axe also became the symbol of St. Olaf. Olaf II was king of Norway from 1015 to 1028, and his axe can still be seen on the Coat of Arms of Norway a crowned, golden lion rampant holding an axe with an argent blade, on a crowned, triangular and red escutcheon. Its elements originate from personal insignias for the royal house in the High Middle Ages, thus being among the oldest in Europe. King Stephen of England famously used a Danish axe at the Battle of Lincoln.The Battle of Lincoln or First Battle of Lincoln occurred on 2 February 1141. In it Stephen of England was captured, imprisoned and effectively deposed while Empress Matilda ruled for a short time. Also after his sword broke Richard the Lionheart was often recorded wielding a large war axe in numerous Victorian novels, though references are sometimes wildly exaggerated as befitted a national hero: "Long and long after he was quiet in his grave, his terrible battle-axe, with twenty English pounds of English steel in its mighty head..." Richard is, however, recorded as using a Danish Axe at the relief of Jaffa. The Battle of Jaffa took place during the Crusades, as one of a series of campaigns between Saladin's army and the forces of King Richard the Lionheart. It was the final battle of the Third Crusade, after which Saladin and King Richard were able to negotiate a truce. Geoffrey de Lusignan is another famous crusader associated with the axe. In the 14th. century, the use of axes is increasingly noted by Froissart in his Chronicle, with King Jean II using one at the Battle of Poitiers.The Battle of Poitiers was fought between the Kingdoms of England and France on 19 September 1356 near Poitiers, resulting in the second of the three great English victories of the Hundred Years' War: Crécy, Poitiers, and Agincourt. In 1356 and Sir James Douglas used an axe at the Battle of Otterburn. The Battle took place on the 5 August 1388, as part of the continuing border skirmishes between the Scottish and English. The best remaining record of the battle is from Jean Froissart's Chronicles in which he claims to have interviewed veterans from both sides of the battle in 1388. Bretons were apparently noted axe users, with Bertrand du Guesclin and Olivier de Clisson both wielding axes in battle. This is a lovely 13th century axe, and if it could only talk the wonders it might reveal. Here is a very smal list of famous battles that occurred when this axe was in use, any one of many that it may have seen use in, naturally we will never know which.. 1282 The Battle of Orewin Bridge 11 December – Welsh troops decisively defeated by the English. 1288 Battle of Worringen 5 June – Battle for duchy of Limburg. Brabant defeats the forces of Cologne, Luxembourg and Nassau. 1289 Battle of Campaldino Florence and allies defeat Arezzo. 1291 Siege of Acre Mameluks capture the last Crusader city. 1294 Battle of Conwy 11 November – English army routed at Denbigh by Welsh rebels during the revolt of Madog ap Llywelyn. 1295 Battle of Maes Moydog 5 March – one of Edward I's armies defeats Welsh rebels, hastening the end of Madog ap Llywelyn's revolt. 1296 Battle of Dunbar 27 April English defeat Scots and occupy much of Scotland; first battle of the Wars of Scottish Independence. 1296 Battle of Curzota Genoa defeats Venetian fleet including Marco Polo. 1297 Battle of Stirling Bridge 11 September – Scots under William Wallace defeat English of John de Warenne, 6th Earl of Surrey. 1297 Battle of Furnes 20 August – French under Robert II of Artois defeat the Flemish at Bulskamp, near Furnes (Veurne). 1298 Battle of Falkirk (1298) 22 July – in Stirlingshire – English archers defeat Scots led by William Wallace, English longbow's first great victory. 1299 First Siege of Stirling Castle Scottish forces besiege constable John Sampson unsuccessfully. 1299 Battle of Falconaria 1 December – Sicilians under Frederick II of Sicily defeat Neapolitans under Philip I of Taranto. See D. Nicolle 1988 p. 522.
Exceptionally Fine 1796 Light Infantry Officer's Sword, Deluxe Etched Blade Blued steel hilt with it's original blued steel and leather scabbard. The blade is deluxe etched with scrolls, a stand of arms and lances and topped with with an army shako helmet, and to the reverse, further fancy scolls, ancanthus leaf branches and the allegorical winged figure of Victory. Prior to the 1803 Pattern sword, the British Light Infantry regiment's officers of the 95th, 60th & 52nd etc. had the option to purchase and carry the standard 1796 Infantry sword, but many felt it's blade was to narrow, straight and ineffective. Another design was quickly created based on the highly popular 1796 Light Dragoon officers sword, but with a shorter and more curved blade. Used by Officer's of the 95th and 60th Rifles, during the Iberian Peninsular War, the American War of 1812 and The Battle of Waterloo. This is the pattern of British Officer's sword carried by gentlemen who relished the idea of combat, but found the standard 1796 Infantry pattern sword too light for good combat. The light infantry regiments were made up of officers exactly of that mettle. The purpose of the rifles light infantry regiments was to work as skirmishers. The riflemen and officers were trained to work in open order and be able to think for themselves. They were to operate in pairs and make best use of natural cover from which to harass the enemy with accurately aimed shots as opposed to releasing a mass volley, which was the orthodoxy of the day. The riflemen of the 95th were dressed in distinctive dark green uniforms, as opposed to the bright red coats of the British Line Infantry regiments. This tradition lives on today in the regiment’s modern equivalent, The Royal Green Jackets. The standard British infantry and light infantry regiments fought in all campaigns during the Napoleonic Wars, seeing sea-service at the Battle of Copenhagen, engaging in most major battles during the Peninsular War in Spain, forming the rearguard for the British armies retreat to Corunna, serving as an expeditionary force to America in the War of 1812, and holding their positions against tremendous odds at the Battle of Waterloo.The sword was used, in combat, in some of the greatest and most formidable battles ever fought by the British Army during the Napoleonic Wars in Europe the Peninsular Campaign and Waterloo. This is a very attractive sword indeed and highly desirable, especially for devotees of the earliest era of the British Rifle Regiments, such as the 95th and the 60th. As a footnote, in Bernard Cornwall's books of 'Sharpe of the 95th', this is the Sabre Major Sharpe would have carried if he hadn't used the Heavy Cavalry Pattern Troopers Sword, given to him in the story in the first novel. Overall this battle cum dress sword is in very good order and quite stunning. Overall in very nice condition indeed. Steel P hilt,sharkskin ribbed grip with triple wire binding, deeply cursive flat sided blade beautifully fully etched. Leather and steel scabbard. Overall length in scabbard 37.25 inches blade, blade 29.75 inches measured across straight under the hilt. Leather with very old splits, blade with small areas of edge pitting.
Fabulously Rare, 1796 British Officer's 'Blue and Gilt' Bladed Sword Stick It has a superb fully engraved blade with King George IIIrd cypher with finest blue and gilt décor. Used during the Battle of the Nile, Battle of Trafalgar period, the Peninsular War in Spain, the American War in 1812, and the Battle of Waterloo era. The blade would have been used by in a sword by an British infantry or naval officer, and possibly on his retirement from military or naval service, his blade has been fitted into a wooden sword stick that was disguised as a country hawthorne cane, by decorating the stick with simulated hawthorne branch knots and covering with vellum. It would then have been covered in a black lacquer or bitumen. The blade type was introduced by General Order in 1796, replacing the previous 1786 Pattern. It was similar to its predecessor in having a spadroon type form, i.e. one straight, flat backed and single edged with a single fuller on each side. Blades of the finest swords were may be extensively decorated, often with a stunning blue and pure gold decor, but less than 1% of those that started life with blue and gilt blades, survive today in this condition. The vellum has come apart from a few areas, and the blacking worn off. We are leaving it, however, exactly as is, as this simply reflects it's natural aging from over two centuries of use. It could of course be restored and re-blackened but that is, subjectively, for the next owner to decide. A very fine and very, very rare example. The last one we had, which was almost identical to this also with a bitumened vellum finish, was over 25 years ago, and we are the main sword-stick specialists in England. 28 inch blade
Fine Pair of 18th Century French Indian Wars 'Cour Royal' Holster Pistols 'Cour Royal' was the name for the King of France's Royal Court, and these pistols were made during the reign of the King Louis XV [1715-1774], and used by an officer appointed by the Royal Court. France was one of the leading participants in the Seven Years' War which lasted between 1754 and 1763. France entered the war with hopes of achieving a lasting victory both in Europe, against Prussia, Britain and their German Allies, and across the globe against their major colonial rivals Britain. In America France began asserting control over the Ohio Country as early as 1749, but when they began constructing a series of forts in the Ohio River watershed in 1753, the British responded. In 1754, George Washington sparked the beginning of the war with an attack on a French scouting party near present-day Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. When they learned that the British were planning to send regular army troops to the area for the 1755 campaign, the French sent a large body troops to New France before the British could blockade their ports. These troops, and strong alliances with native tribes, gave France a string of victories from 1755 to 1757. In one of the most notorious incidents of the French and Indian War, under command of General Louis-Joseph de Montcalm-Gozon, Marquis de Saint-Veran and Commander of the French forces in America, his native allies violated the agreed terms of surrender and attacked the British column, which had been deprived of ammunition by the terms of surrender. They killed and scalped a significant number of soldiers, took as captives women, children, servants, and slaves, and slaughtered sick and wounded prisoners. Early accounts of the events called it a massacre, and implied that as many as 1,500 people were killed, even though it is unlikely more than 200 people (less than 10% of the British fighting strength) were actually killed. The exact role of General Montcalm and other French leaders in encouraging or defending against the actions of their allies, and the total number of casualties incurred as a result of their actions, is a subject of historical debate, however Montcalm was deemed by many during and after the war, as very likely the greater part the honourable commander rather than the dishonorable, hence the engraving, that is showing his honourable intentions much to his credit, is to be seen in our gallery. However, the memory of the killings influenced the actions of British military leaders, especially those of British General Jeffery Amherst, for the remainder of the war. France was able to consolidate control of the Ohio Country as well as the strategically important Great Lakes. After their initial successes in North America, however, France began to starve the theatre of forces and supplies, preferring to concentrate on the war in Europe. Montcalm leading his troops into battle during the failed attempt to defend Quebec in 1759. This contrasted sharply with the British, who put great emphasis on the war for control. In 1758 the British launched several major offensives, capturing Louisbourg, Fort Duquesne, and Fort Frontenac, although they were stopped at Fort Carillon. The following year a large force under General Wolfe sailed up the St Lawrence River to besiege Quebec City. The French commander in Quebec, Louis-Joseph de Montcalm, had orders to try to hold out until the winter spell, with the promise that major reinforcements would arrive from Europe the following year. Montcalm almost achieved this, delaying British attempts to capture Quebec until the autumn, when the British finally won the Battle of Quebec and captured the city. In spite of this, a large force of French escaped westwards, intent on resuming the campaign the following year. In 1760 the French launched a surprise effort to re-capture Quebec, which succeeded in blunting one British advance on Montreal. Other British armies advanced on Montreal from the south and west, completing the Conquest of Canada. In the West Indies the French saw the valuable sugar islands of Guadeloupe and Martinique captured by British forces. A final attempt to capture Newfoundland from the British failed in late 1762. While the first few years of war proved successful for the French, in 1759 the situation dramatically reversed and they suffered defeats on several continents. In an effort to reverse their losses, France concluded an alliance with their neighbours Spain in 1761. In spite of this the French continued to suffer defeats throughout 1762 eventually forcing them to sue for peace. The 1763 Treaty of Paris confirmed the loss of French possessions in North America and Asia to the British. France also finished the war with very heavy debts, which they struggled to repay for the remainder of the eighteenth century. This pistols would have been used right through the Anglo French war in the Americas, and a very fine novel was written on these events in part called 'The Last of the Mohicans'. It was transferred to many Hollywood epic movies, the last and best starring Daniel Day Lewis. Locks engraved Cour Royal and an indistinct makers name, but obviously it would have been one of the Royal appointed smiths. The locks have are now conversion silex locks, which was made to improve and prolong the pistol's life into the 19th century. These pistols are in nice condition for age with very good armourer's seal marks to the barrels. Pistols for officers of the Royal Court are very rare and scarcely seen, and if one was making deliberate search to find an original pair, they might take years to find. Fine engraving to the steel mounts, finely chisseled barrels, long eared butts, all steel rammers. The steel has overall aging and the stocks bear a most pleasing colour. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
French 1830'S Shako Helmet Plate Brass plate of Cockerel and stamp of 'Return to Liberty' July 1830
French 1830's Shako Helmet Plate. Copper plate of a Cockerel over French symbols.
French Marquetry 19th century Bureau-Plat, Floral and Scroll Marquetry Top A stunning French antique writing desk or display centrepiece with four large pembroke style legs, walnut top with large central panel of a large Adam style urn with American Indian head profiles and scroll floral marquetry. Four side serpentine form.YAOB
Good British Infantry Officer's Sword 1796 Of The Peninsular War - Waterloo In nice order with silver wire grip, copper gilt hilt mounts and matching scabbard mounts. The mercurial gilding is all original, and, quite remarkably, over 85% complete. The grip is solid silver, multi twisted wire, and perfectly intact and sound. Double shell guard, single flattened knuckelbow and a faceted pommel. Only the blade shows it's natural age. Used by an officer, serving under the Duke of Wellington, in the army of King George IIIrd, during the era of the Peninsular War, The War of 1812 in America and Canada, and the 100 Days War, against Napoleon, at Quatre Bras and Waterloo. This delightful piece would make a very fine addition to any collection of top drawer swords, an excellent start to a new collection, or as a superb compliment to a decorate a room furnished with fine antiques. Maker inscribed by Egington, Birmingham Sword Cutler to HRH The Duke of Kent. Blade maker marked G
High Sheriff's Heraldic Crested Ceremonial Halberds With Armorial Bearings of the High Sheriff of Chester. Large steel axe and spike heads, bearing deluxe quality scroll etching, and British heraldic crest armorial bearings of the High Sheriff on all four blades faces. The crest comprises; a sable, three battle axes in fess gold, between three dragon's heads erased argent; dragon's head couped at the neck proper, supporting between the jaws, a battle axe gold, with a crescent, [indicating second son]. Motto; Sauviter Sed Fortiter. The family crest of former the High Sheriff of Chester, James Edgar Dennis, second son of James Hawke Dennis. Each blade is detachable and set on long octagonal formed hafts. These most impressive pieces are very well made indeed of fine quality, never intended for combat use, but as formal, ceremonial display pieces for the High Sheriff. Perfect, in the right setting, for, say, a Baronial Hall, within a stand of arms, or, a backdrop for a Renaissance portrayal. The early traditional halberd was effectively an axe mounted on the end of a large spear. So in effect it is a melding of two different weapons - the axe and the spear but it wasn't used for throwing like the spear, just for thrusting. It was an extremely effective weapon because it was very versatile. The spear point could be used to keep distance from the enemy and made it capable for foot troops to effective attack mounted soldiers. The slicing axe blade could cause vicious damage to armour because the halberd could generate very powerful slices with long swings. Also an effective part of the Halberd was the metal wrapping of much of the handle. This made it an effective tool for blocking an enemy's weapons, particulary swords. Many halberds also had hooks opposite the blade side. This allowed the wielder to hook into the armor of a mounted knight and pull him to the ground. In later centuries they became a mostly ceremonial arm, used by royal bodyguards while guarding state apartments, and they are still used by some ceremonial guard of Her Majesty the Queen each bearing her heraldic crest. 255cm long overall. Heads 70cm x 25.5 cm. 100 inches long. Heads 27.5 inches x 10 inches
Highland and Agricultural Society of Scotland Prize Medal 1892 A seated female figure upon a dais, places laurel wreaths upon the heads of two standing agricultural workers. Rev. Inscription around a wreath with attribution text within. Andrew Hart for Chemistry, Veterinary College Glasgow . Size 45mm. Nice tone/colour
Historical Medal For the Marriage of the Duke of York & Princess Mary 1893 Married At Chapel Royal St James's Palace 6 July 1893. Reverse with Duke and Duchess standing before Brittania Made by Spink and Sons London. Silvered on metal. 51mm.
Hungarian 14th Cent. Bronze Mace, As Used By Knights of Vlad Dracul One of two fine original artifacts we were most fortunate to acquire. A bronze mace head formed with a series of low pyramidal points, and in patinated condition throughout. This wonderful original artifact, from Eastern European medieval history, was a most popular close combat weapon for mounted knights of the 14th century and 15th century, and they were continually used right through the 15th into the 16th century. They were used by the Hungarian Knights of the Black Army, and the Knights and mercenary knights that served Vlad the IInd and his son Vlad Dracul, [Vlad the IIIrd, the Impaler] and the The Székely . They fought across the whole Empire, in Hungary, Transylvania, Romania, fighting against the encroachment of the expanding Ottoman Empire of Sultan Mehmed IInd. The name "Dracula" recalls only the character from the 1897 novel by Bran Stoker dramatically and memorably realised by Bella Lugosi in the eponymous 1931 Hollywood film. However, behind the popular myth lies the historic person Vlad III Dracula "the Impaler" (1431-76), Prince of Wallachia in what is now Romania, a vassal of the Hungarian kings. Voivode is the medieval Romanian term for a regional commander, which position Vlad held intermittently in addition to his princedom (1448, 1456-62 and 1476), and the name "Dracula" is a diminutive derived from the Imperial Order of the Dragon, the order of knights to which Vlad and his father, Vlad II (1390-1447) He ruled his military kingdom of Wallachia — southern Romania — with a heavy and blood-soaked fist. To not only the Turks but also to many of his own countrymen he was Vlad The Impaler, Vlad Die Tepes (pronounced Tee-pish). Determined not to be overtaken by the intrigue of an intriguing political underhandedness, in a world in which princes fell daily to smiling, hypocritical "allies," paranoia among the aristocracy was, and probably needed to be, utmost in a sovereign's disposition. Dracula built a defense around him that dared not open kindness nor trust to anyone. During his tenure, he killed by the droves, impaling on a forest of spikes around his castle thousands of subjects who he saw as either traitors, would-be traitors or enemies to the security of Romania and the Roman Catholic Church. Sometimes, he slew merely to show other possible insurgents and criminals just what their fate would be if they became troublesome. A pamphlet published in Nuremburg, Germany, immediately following his death in 1476, tells of his burning beggars after allowing them free food at his court. "He felt they were eating the people's food for nothing, and could not repay it," the broadside explains. And there are countless of other tales of Dracula's wickedness written down ages ago, many of which will be related in this article. This Mace is without haft,and in it's present state it would make a superb cabinet piece, or desk display. However if required we could commission our master cabinet maker to create a replacement haft to replicate how it once would have looked complete. Original paintings in the gallery of Vlad IIIrd and a Knight of the Black Army with mace, and finally an original medeivil portriat of Stephen Lackfi, holding an identical Hungarian mace, he was a knight horseman, and note the Dragon Order shield. [for information only] The Székely are of uncertain origins, subject to much debate among themselves and among scholars. A widespread theory asserts that they descend from the warrior tribes settled by the Hungarians in the border mountains to defend against invasions from Tatars and other menacing people from the east. Székely people adhere proudly to a Hungarian identity. They have a slightly distinct Hungarian dialect, but most of the differences from modern Hungarian consist of archaic words and phrase constructions, as well as a particular intonation. In medieval times, the Székely were part of the Unio Trium Nationum ("Union of Three Nations") a coalition of the three Transylvanian Estates, the other two nations being the (predominantly Hungarian) nobility and the Saxon (ie ethnic German) burghers. These three nations ruled Transylvania, usually in harmony though sometimes in conflict with one another. The Romanian inhabitants, who largely belonged to the class of serfs (which also included many Hungarians), were Orthodox and were not allowed political representation. The Székely were considered the best warriors of medieval Transylvania.
Hungarian 14th Cent. Bronze Mace, As Used By Knights of Vlad Dracul One of two fine original artifacts we were most fortunate to acquire. A bronze mace head formed with a series of low pyramidal points, with a short collar (incomplete), and in patinated condition throughout. This wonderful original artifact, from Eastern European medieval history, was a most popular close combat weapon for mounted knights of the 14th century and15th century, and they were continually used right through the 15th into the 16th century. They were used by the Hungarian Knights of the Black Army, and the Knights and mercenary knights that served Vlad the IInd and his son Vlad Dracul, [Vlad the IIIrd, the Impaler]. They fought across the whole Empire, in Transylvania, Romania, fighting against the encroachment of the expanding Ottoman Empire of Sultan Mehmed IInd. The name "Dracula" recalls only the character from the 1897 novel by Bran Stoker dramatically and memorably realised by Bella Lugosi in the eponymous 1931 Hollywood film. However, behind the popular myth lies the historic person Vlad III Dracula "the Impaler" (1431-76), Prince of Wallachia in what is now Romania, a vassal of the Hungarian kings. Voivode is the medieval Romanian term for a regional commander, which position Vlad held intermittently in addition to his princedom (1448, 1456-62 and 1476), and the name "Dracula" is a diminutive derived from the Imperial Order of the Dragon, the order of knights to which Vlad and his father, Vlad II (1390-1447) He ruled his military kingdom of Wallachia — southern Romania — with a heavy and blood-soaked fist. To not only the Turks but also to many of his own countrymen he was Vlad The Impaler, Vlad Die Tepes (pronounced Tee-pish). Determined not to be overtaken by the intrigue of an intriguing political underhandedness, in a world in which princes fell daily to smiling, hypocritical "allies," paranoia among the aristocracy was, and probably needed to be, utmost in a sovereign's disposition. Dracula built a defense around him that dared not open kindness nor trust to anyone. During his tenure, he killed by the droves, impaling on a forest of spikes around his castle thousands of subjects who he saw as either traitors, would-be traitors or enemies to the security of Romania and the Roman Catholic Church. Sometimes, he slew merely to show other possible insurgents and criminals just what their fate would be if they became troublesome. A pamphlet published in Nuremburg, Germany, immediately following his death in 1476, tells of his burning beggars after allowing them free food at his court. "He felt they were eating the people's food for nothing, and could not repay it," the broadside explains. And there are countless of other tales of Dracula's wickedness written down ages ago, many of which will be related in this article. This Mace is without haft,and in it's present state it would make a superb cabinet piece, or desk display. However if required we could commission our master cabinet maker to create a replacement haft to replicate how it once would have looked complete. Original paintings in the gallery of Vlad IIIrd and a Knight of the Black Army with mace, and finally an original medeivil portriat of Stephen Lackfi, holding an identical Hungarian mace, he was a knight horseman, and note the Dragon Order shield. [for information only] Max length 6 cm.
Indo Persian Moghul Tulwar All steel hilt and blade. Long straight blade. With knucklebow. 18th to 19th century.
Iron Bound Strong Box Centre panels of canvas on wood, iron strap bound, typical old strongbox for military transportation of valuables, currency etc.
Italian 19th Cen. Carved Venetian Grotto Stool, Possibly by Pauly et Cie in walnut with a seat shaped as a rotating scallop shell, docarated in ebonised lacquer, with a scrolled front, set on a relief carved gilded dolphin, and tripartite black ebonised lacquer base. Elaborately carved style of the rococo revival. Antique Venetian grotto furniture is now rare and immensely collectable. It has found favour with the finest interior decorators, with Italian fashion designers and film directors helping to place it at the forefront of collectability. The scallop form became increasingly popular between the fifteenth and nineteenth centuries, as focus on classical, organic and symmetrical forms became more and more popular. As the scallop form gradually became more used in architecture, its popularity started to be reflected in additional ways, predominantly having a vast influence on Italian Renaissance and Rococo furniture. Furniture makers in Venice were very prolific in their seating designs, and were particularly known for chairs that had nautical themes. Shells, coral, dolphins and seahorses were often sculpted into chairs that took inspiration from the designs of Venetian grottoes. First created by the ancient Greeks, the grotto was formed out of caves situated near a water source and decorated with tufa, stones and shells. The grottoes acted as shrines, a restful space to pay respect to the spirits of water. In the Renaissance, grottoes became a popular addition to the landscapes of villas for those who could afford it. The Italian landscape designers revived and created a new tradition of grottoes, elaborately decorated into man-made monuments of natural beauty. The Renaissance grotto symbolized the quest for knowledge and an awareness of one's surroundings. The Italian grotto style peaked during the nineteenth century, and furniture was created to reflect this passion for nautical themes. From the mid to late nineteenth century, furniture makers in Venice fashioned chairs based on the feel of the grotto, creating an eclectic mix of Renaissance and Rococo inspired sculpted imagery. The nineteenth century Venetian grotto chairs were most likely intended for hallways and were aimed to be sold to visitors on their European tour. This stool is in suprb condition with just some light erosion of the gilt and lacquer areas. Apparently brought back to England by a British General after the Italian campaign in 1944/5. The Brighton Pavilion Palace of the Prince Regent is profusely decorated with items of furniture influenced in what is now called the grotto style, with a heavy rococo influence throughout. With fabulously carved gigantic beasts such as dragons and ho ho birds, and this same shell design on stools in the music room. Items of original antique Venetian grotto seating, with the nautical shell infuence, are now commanding prices in excess of $50,000.
King George IIIrd English Butterfly Pembroke Table Two drawer, moulded legs, four side serpentine edges with thumbnail moulding..
King George IIIrd Regency Centre Collumn Sabre Leg Pembroke Table In beautiful flame mahogany, central collumn sabre leg with brass paw feet, two folding flaps,one drawer one dummy drawer. Top in need of very minor polish.NBBB
Kings South Africa Medal. Private Of Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry A good medal of the Boer War. The 2nd Battalion sailed in the Formosa on 5th November 1899, and arrived at the Cape on the 29th. For two months it was on the lines of communication on the western border. Two companies of the battalion took part in Colonel Pilcher's successful raid from Belmont to Douglas and Sunnyside, when a laager and 40 prisoners were captured. The Cornwalls did a splendid bit of marching. The remainder of the column, chiefly Queensland and Canadian Mounted Infantry, were mounted. When Lord Roberts arrived at Modder River in February 1900 the Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry, along with the 2nd Shropshire Light Infantry, 1st Gordons, and the Canadian Regiment, formed the 19th Brigade under Major General Smith-Dorrien, and were during the advance from Modder River to Bloemfontein, and some weeks longer, part of the IXth Division under General H E Colvile,—the other Brigade, being the 3rd or Highland, under Major General Macdonald. According to Lord Roberts' despatches the first marches of the IXth Division were as follows: 13th February, the IXth Division proceeded to Ramdam; 14th, to Waterval Drift; 15th, Waterval to Wegdraai; 16th, evening, to Klip Kraal; on the 18th were fighting the battle of Paardeberg. A splendid record of very hard work. The losses of the Cornwall Light Infantry on the 18th were 3 officers killed — Colonel W Aldworth, DSO, and Captains Wardlaw and Newbury — 4 officers wounded; 12 men killed and 55 wounded.
Kurdish Jambiya Dagger Northern Iraq 19th century. Horn hilt with pewter studs, double edged blade with central rib. Brown embossed leather scabbard. [Ref.: "Islamic Weapons. Maghrib to Moghul" by A. C. Tirri, page. 95].
Large 1801 Great Britain/France Treaty Of Amiens Medal 38mm white-metal medal. The reverse features a Coat of Arms and states 'Preliminairies Of Peace Between Great Britain And France Signed October.1.lt 1801'. The obverse features Lady Britannia, ships and fruit aplenty and states 'They Shall Prosper That Love Thee'. The Treaty of Amiens temporarily ended hostilities between the French Republic and the United Kingdom during the French Revolutionary Wars. It was signed in the city of Amiens on 25 March 1802 (Germinal 4, year X in the French Revolutionary calendar), by Joseph Bonaparte and the Marquess Cornwallis as a "Definitive Treaty of Peace". The consequent Peace of Amiens lasted only one year (18 May 1803) and was the only period of peace during the so-called 'Great French War' between 1793 and 1815. Under the treaty, the United Kingdom recognised the French Republic; the British parliament had only two years previously dropped England's historical claim to the now-defunct French Kingdom. Together with the Treaty of Lunéville (1801), the Treaty of Amiens marked the end of the Second Coalition, which had waged war against Revolutionary France since 1798. This interesting medal is in nice condition, with a few light scratches
Late 17th century Century Officer's Hunting Hangar In the days of the early Royal Navy, officers carried short swords in the pattern of hunting swords, with both straight or curved blades, fancy brass mounted single knucklebow hilts with principally stag horn grips. The brass was usually repousse with either a floral and figural design or scrolled and ribbed. The sword has very nice fairly straight blade and a very attractive sunburst pommel. Single fullered straight blade.There are numerous portraits in the National Portrait Gallery and The National Maritime Museum that show British Admirals [such as Benbow and Clowdesly Shovel] holding such swords. A portrait of legendary Admiral Benbow in the gallery holding his late 17th century hunting sword. [for information only]. Hunting hangars generally had a small down turned shell guard, however, just as with Admiral Benbow's sword [see portrait] this sword's small guard has also been removed.
Late 18th Century Damascus Jazail With EIC Lock by Hirst Dated 1800 A very attractive historical example of North West Frontier long gun known as a Jazail. With a highly distinctive recurved butt, bearing a horn butt plate. Fine Damascus twist barrel. The ordnance inspected lock was likely captured from an East India Co. breech loading rifle [similar to the Ferguson rifle] or a wall pivot gun for which Hirst was most renown. It has the EIC mark and the EIC heart 4 engraving, plus an ordnance ispector stamp number 2. The gunlock and it's maker is a most interesting historical aspect of this intriguing gun. Hirst had his business based in Little Tower Hill, London, and he was a contractor to the Ordnance and the East India Co. His specialism was rare breech loading rifles, with screw mounted breeches, and wall mounted pivot guns with large flintlock mechanisms, just as this one is. Jazails very often had captured British made locks, as their domestically made locks were often very basic matchlock types. The Jazail was used by the notorious North West Frontier tribesmen, the 18th century version of the Taliban, during the era of what was called The Great Game. The period when the British control of India was expanding, yet under considerable and constant threat by Russia, and it's attempted conspiracies in order to influence discord among the Indian populace for their own advantages, plus ça change, plus c'est la même chose. Rudyard Kipling's novel Kim was based around this very geo political situation, and a most informative, accurate, and yet ripping tale that it is too.
Likely Unique Battle of the Nile Medal and Photograph of the R.N. Recipient A fabulous King George IIIrd Royal Navy medal of one of Admiral Nelson's victories. Davison's Nile Medal of a Royal Navy Petty Officer. The gilt medal awarded to participants of the Battle of the Nile, Nelson's incredible victory over Napoleon's fleet on August 1st 1798. By Conrad Heinrich Küchler [die cutter] and Matthew Boulton of Soho [medal maker]. It is likely unprecedented having such an early and famous medal, in near mint condition, with it's original photograph of the Petty Officer wearing his medal. Alexander Davison was appointed by Nelson sole prize agent for the captured ships after the battle of the Nile. He had this medal struck and presented to all who took part in the action - in gold to Nelson and his captains, in silver to Lieutenants and Warrant Officers, in gilt metal to Petty Officers, and to seamen and marines in copper. One thing is well known the men of the fo’c’sle were not faceless nonentities going through rote drills, as on a parade ground. A 74 gun ship-of-the-line at sea had only a single commissioned officer on watch; the whole subsequent complexity of operations with hundreds of men could only be possible if the men had the initiative and intelligence to work individually out there on the yard or any one of the huge number of everyday technical tasks. Under the tiny officer corps, a well-tried hierarchy of merit existed – the petty officers and warrant officers – ‘the backbone of the Navy.’ It was highly successful, and it remains effective to this day. It ensured work-place excellence at all levels, and could only be achieved with sea skills won in a culture of experience pride, loyalty and work satisfaction. A number of these men are well recorded from contemporary accounts, such as Duncan Wallace, described as a 'petty officer' who was with Nelson at the Battle of St Vincent and at the Nile, where he displayed such heroism that Nelson offered to make him an officer, saying, 'Wallace, this is the third ship and fourth battle that I have been in with you, and today I will make you an officer.' Wallace declined. Since he survived the Nile, he may well have been 'at Nelson's side in Naples.' Or another P.O., James Gant. James Gant appears on the appropriate muster roll of the HMS Bellerophon for the Battle of the Nile. Number 865 on the ship's books, he was born in Yorkshire and entered the ship as a Landsman on 1 April 1796, aged 26. He did not live to 1848 to claim the Naval General Service Medal with bar for The Nile which was issued in 1848. It would appear from his lowly rank of Landsman as at 1796 that he later rose to the rank of Petty Officer. HMS Bellerophon fought at the battle of The Glorious First of June (Commanded by Captain William Johnstone Hope. 4 killed and 27 wounded) at The Battle of the Nile, and at The Battle of Trafalgar, becoming one of the most famous British ships of the Napoleonic Wars. Her crew affectionately called her the Billy Ruffian (or Billy Ruff'n). At Trafalgar she was the fifth in Admiral Collingwood's Southern division and thus was heavily engaged, battling the French L'Aigle to a bloody standstill at the cost of her captain John Cooke dead, 26 other crew killed and 123 wounded. Command was ably assumed by her first lieutenant William Pryce Cumby, who safely steered the battered ship back to Gibraltar. On board during the battle was future Arctic explorer, John Franklin, serving as a young midshipman. She achieved further fame on 15 July 1815 when Napoleon Bonaparte surrendered to Captain Maitland of the Bellerophon and was transported to Torbay where the ship anchored off Brixham on July 249 104 gunner such as the victory there 821 men including 9 that were commissioned officers, 98 non-commissioned and warrant officers, midshipmen and petty officers, 43 supply, supernumeraries and Admiral's retinue, 492 landsmen, able and ordinary seaman, 31 boys,(1st, 2nd and 3rd class) plus 135 marines led by 11 officers and non-commissioned officers. The Battle of the Nile (also known as the Battle of Aboukir Bay, in French as the Bataille d'Aboukir was a major naval battle fought between British and French fleets at Aboukir Bay on the Mediterranean coast of Egypt from 1–3 August 1798. The battle was the climax of a naval campaign that had ranged across the Mediterranean during the previous three months, as a large French convoy sailed from Toulon to Alexandria, carrying an expeditionary force under General Napoleon Bonaparte. The French were defeated by the British forces led by Rear-Admiral Sir Horatio Nelson. Bonaparte had sought to invade Egypt, as the first step in a campaign against British India, in an effort to drive Britain out of the French Revolutionary Wars. As Bonaparte's fleet crossed the Mediterranean, it was pursued by a British force under Rear-Admiral Horatio Nelson, sent from the British fleet in the Tagus, to establish the purpose of the French expedition and defeat it. For more than two months, Nelson chased the French, on several occasions only missing them by a matter of hours. Bonaparte, aware of Nelson's pursuit, enforced absolute secrecy about his destination and was able to capture Malta and then land in Egypt without interception by the British force. With the French army ashore, the fleet anchored in Aboukir Bay, a station 20 miles northeast of Alexandria, in a formation that its commander, Vice-Admiral François-Paul Brueys D'Aigalliers, believed created a formidable defensive position. When Nelson's fleet arrived off Egypt on 1 August and discovered Brueys' dispositions, he ordered an immediate attack, and his ships advanced on the French line. As they approached, they split into two divisions, one of which cut across the head of the line and passed between the anchored French and the shore while the other engaged the seaward side of the French fleet. Trapped in a crossfire, the leading French ships were battered into surrender during a fierce three-hour battle, while the centre was able to successfully repel the initial British attack. As British reinforcements arrived, the centre came under renewed assault, and at 10pm the French flagship L'Orient exploded. With Brueys dead and his van and centre defeated, the rear division of the French fleet attempted to break out of the bay, but ultimately only two ships of the line and two frigates escaped, from a total of 17 ships engaged. The photograph may have been taken after the Admiral Collingwood Monument [Trafalgar] ceremony on the 19th of October [two days before the aniversary of Trafalgar] as it is written on the back of the frame
Magnificent Pair Of Revolutionary War Era Silver and Gold 'Saddle' Pistols From the very same stable as the world famous Lafayette-Washington-Jackson pistols. Wonderful carved walnut stocks with rococo flower embellishments and ivory forends, solid silver furniture including long eared butt caps, sideplate acorn finial mounted trigger guard and barrel ramrod pipes, all sublimely engraved and chiseled with wonderful detailing, finest Damascus steel barrels with chiseling and inlaid with gold and silver, steel locks, with later percussion actions, scroll inlaid with gold and engraved with the name of Lindenschmit, Maynz. Made by Wilhelm Lindenschmit of the partnership of Lindenschmit and Walster that made the Lafayette-Washington pistols in circa 1775. While of great historical importance, the pistols made by Walster in 1775 were also very fine pieces indeed, typical of the finest gunsmith workmanship that all the Walster- Lindenschmit pistols show. They were purchased by the Marquis de Lafayette, and were presented by him, to General George Washington, during the Revolutionary War in 1778. They, just as these pistols, are finest examples of eighteenth-century sidearms with exquisite inlaid, carved and engraved Rococo embellishments. The Lafayette pair are likely the best documented pistols of there kind belonging to Washington, and are marked by Jacob Walster, working in Saarbruck, which was then under French control during the eighteenth century and is now part of Germany. Walster is recorded by Eugene Heer as working in Saarbrucken (German spelling) from 1761 to about 1790 as partner with master gunsmith Wilhelm Lindenschmit (1734-1802) of Maynz (Journal-Verlag, Schwend GmbH, Schwabisch Hall, 1978), pp. 714, 1349). The Washington pair sold in 2002 for just under $2,000,000.00. George III, acquired another pair of pistols from this partnership, that is the collection of the Royal Family of England at Windsor Castle. George III [ ascended the throne in 1760], and it is an irony that the same gunsmiths supplied arms to opposing forces in the American Revolution. Wilhelm Lindenschmitt was also gunsmith to the court for the Electoral Prince Emmerich Josef von Ehrthal. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
Magnificent Ebossed 16th Century Parade Helmet Form Of King Henry llnd of France. After Etienne Delaune, who was one of the greatest designers of Romanesque Renaissance Armour of the 16th century. His armours were made for the most powerful and noblest Kings and Emperors of Europe, such as Emperor Rudolf II of Germany or King Henry II of France. This helmet is in the closed form, with superb and rich high quality embossing of Romanesque figures, representing the Julius-Ceasar-and-Pompy Armour by Etienna Delaune, about 1558-59 in Second Variant style. (H.M. Armouries in the Tower of London). This is truly one of the most singularly beautiful antique helmets we have seen in many decades, and it's bronze patina is wonderfully lustrous and shows a depth and quality of divine beauty. This glorious helmet is bronze, made in the 19th century as a museum copy, possibly by the Elkington Co. [although some were made by Christofle & Co.] who had an arrangement with the Victoria and Albert Museum, South Kensington London, to make identical and faithful copies of the great armours and helmets in the national collection. An original helmet, of this period and quality, by one of the great masters would likely be valued between £700,000 to £2,000,000. In the largest non Federal museum in Washington, USA, the Corcoran Gallery of Art museum founded in 1869, has an entire gallery dedicated and containing a series of Elkington's bronze replications of the great renaissance armours and works of art, like this example, copied from the V & A Museum Collection in London. Hairline crack in the front gorget.
Most Charming Pair Of Cased Small Sidelock Pistols by Beattie of London This pair of pistols are a pair of the nicest almost miniature pair we have seen in a very long time, they are absolutely stunning and in fabulous order. Unusually each pistol is bearing both the retailer's inscription on the brass frame, of Robbins, of London, as well as their maker's name Beattie of London, on the barrels. A lovely pair of of very small Derringer type percussion pistols, in excellent condition, with blueing and wonderfully crisp surfaces and actions, all set in original case. The grips are superbly micro chequered with concealed sprung lidded percussion cap compartments. The frames are delightfully engraved. The case has born some damage and basic repair in the past and requires attention, and the pistols do have small areas of signs of use etc. and one hammer shows small areas of pitting, but with just a little attention to their box, these will be a most handsome pair of pistols set in their case.
Most Endearing Pepperbox Revolver Circa 1830. Nicely Engraved Nickel Frame A nice early English pepperbox with six, proved, rotating barrels, bar hammer and nickel silver frame fully engraved with acanthus scrolls. Walnut bag shaped grips. Good action fully operational but rotation of the barrels intermittant. Steel trigger guard with on russetting.
Most Unusual Pair Of Antique Eastern Kard Daggers Within a Single Scabbard They feature fine wide steel blades, with a very interesting handles made of thin sections of exotic hardwoods geometrically inlaid with brass wirework, mounted alternately with ivory disks, the entire handle then barrel shaped. The scabbard is particularly interesting made of sculpted leather. One blade has been dot engraved with a date 1893 and the other 1903. This may represent a ten year service in the Empire by the owner.
Original 1791 General Lafayette Medal. George Washington's Great General Commemorative 'Currency' Medal of Marie Joseph Paul Yves Roch Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de la Fayette. Made to represent redeemable money, by Monneron Freres of Paris, during the French Revolutionary period when the French currency failed. General Lafayette was a French military officer born in the Haute-Loire region of France. Lafayette was a general in the American Revolutionary War and a leader of the Garde Nationale during the French Revolution. In the American Revolution, Lafayette served in the Continental Army under George Washington. While serving in the Revolutionary War, he was wounded at the Battle of Brandywine and organized a successful retreat. In the middle of the war, he returned to France to negotiate an augmented French commitment to the war.General Lafayette was a leading figure among the Feuillants, who tried and failed to turn France into a constitutional monarchy, and commander of the French National Guard. He was accused by J.P. Marat of responsibility for the “Massacre of the Champ de Mars”. On 1792, the Jacobin party seized control of Paris and the National Assembly, ordering Lafayette’s arrest. After this occurance, he fled France and was arrested by the Austrian army in Belgium. He served five years in various Austrian and Prussian prisons and was finally released in 1797. However, Napoleon Bonaparte would not allow his return to France for several years even though he continued to be active in French and European politics until his death in 1834.This medal was engraved by Rambert Dumarest,Uncirculated Medal in Bronze. The obverse depicts General Lafayette military bust looking left, the surfaces are in a nice red mahogany color with great blueish toning in the fields.The reverse reads: IL A COMMMANDé / LA GARDE NATIONALE / PARISIENNE EN 1789 / 1790 ET 1791. Edge reads: SE. VEND. A. PARIS. CHEZ. MONNERON (PATENTé).to be sold at the Monneron’s, Paris (licensed). This statement, which presumably implies that the tokens could be sold back to the Monneron Brothers for their denominational value. Struck at Matthew Boulton's Soho Mint in copper. French medallic tokens struck there in the early 1790s for the family business known as the Frères Monneron (the Monneron Brothers.) The economic turmoil, which followed the French Revolution of 1789, and Matthew Boulton’s ability to produce high-quality coinage on his steam-operated coining presses at Soho, combined to produce some of the most beautiful tokens ever issued. At the onset of the revolution, the French economy was already virtually bankrupt following the enormous expense of France’s support for America in its War of Independence against Great Britain. Though the storming of the Bastille on 14th July 1789 marked the end of absolute monarchy in France and the dawning of a new society based on the principles of liberty, equality and fraternity, the old ancien régime coinage of Louis XVI continued to be struck until 1792. After 1789, Louis XVI initially remained a monarch in the form of constitutional King of the French. A new constitutional coinage in copper or bell-metal, silver and gold followed in 1791, circulating alongside the ancien régime pieces. In spite of the 1791 issue however, France, like Britain, suffered from an acute lack of specie – a situation exacerbated by the economic problems of the time. A short-term solution was attempted by the introduction of a new circulating medium of exchange - the notorious assignats - paper money backed by confiscated church properties and land. Produced in vast quantities, the assignats eventually depreciated to the point of worthlessness and, as a result, the French were to distrust paper money for many years to come (this was in fact France’s second attempt to introduce paper money backed by land rather than gold and silver – John Law’s previous attempt at the beginning of the 18th century had also met with disaster.) And so, it was against this uncertain economic background that the tokens of the Monneron Brothers appeared.the first Monneron tokens to appear were in fact designed by another skilled French engraver, Rambert Dumarest (1760-1806). Like Dupré, Dumarest was born in Saint-Étienne. He travelled to England in the summer of 1790 to take up a post as engraver at the Soho Mint and designed two Monneron tokens during his year long stay there. These undated pieces bear portraits of two famous people whose influence had played a part in the Revolution - the Swiss philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778) and the French military officer the Marquis de La Fayette (1757-1834).Next to last picture in the gallery is by Jean-Baptiste Le Paon and shows the Marquis de La Fayette with James Armistead at the Battle of Yorktown. 35mm
Original California Gold Rush Bowie Knife by Brookes and Crookes, Sheffield 1850's. A very rare big bladed Bowie, and a highly prized collector's item from the early frontier days of the 1849 California gold rush. They have been copied by many during the past century, as these early frontier knives have allways been very highly prized by collectors, but this is a wonderful example of an original California knife very rarely seen in it's true original form. With a fully etched blade bearing California gold strike markings such as “California Bowie Knife” and a banner beneath that proclaims "I can dig gold from quartz”, also etched into the knife is the motto, “California, Ask For Nothing But What Is Right And Submit To Nothing That Is Wrong”. A finest Sheffield Bowie import. At the blades forte it bears the VR Crown mark, and makers mark of Brookes and Crookes, and Sheffield address [ 58 St. Philip's Road, Atlantic Works] Fiddle thread and shell patttern nickel hilt with ball end quillon crossguard. Very large double edged Bowie blade 9.5 inches long. The fine blade, although very obviously bears it's original etching, is now very feint indeed and needs good inspection to see it well, and it is very difficult to photograph. Brookes & Crookes was a knife and instrument maker partnership founded in around 1850 by John Brookes and Thomas Crookes. In Melville & Co's Commercial Directory of Sheffield 1859 the company appears as " manufacturers of spring-knives and dressing case instruments". The company was alway a smaller operation when compared to one of the larger firms such as Joseph Rodgers, employing at most 200 workers compared to tens times that at Rodgers. But they produced quality products, with their renown name a "Badge of Excellence". In the Paris Exhibition of 1867 they were awarded the only Gold Medal as Cutlers In the Philadelphia Centennial of 1876 they were awarded the first class prize. And in the Paris Exhibition of 1878 they were awarded the gold medal. A writer in the Sheffield Weekly Independent for November 19th, 1887, having heard that the famous cutler Mr 'Brookes of Sheffield' was living at 'Woodbourne,' says that he went there to call upon him. "I found that it was a large, handsomely-built house but with its former glories sadly dimmed by the soot and grime from the neighbouring colliery . . , After ringing twice, I was admitted by Mrs. Brookes, a kind-looking lady of fifty or sixty years of age, and in the comfortable dining room, seated in a large easy chair by the side of a brightly blazing fire, was Mr. Brookes, to whom 1 was introduced. Courteously he motioned me to be seated, and I then explained the nature of my errand. I said I had been informed that he was the original Brookes of Sheffield, to whom reference was made by Charles Dickens in 'David Copperfield.' 'That is so,' he replied, and at once asked Mrs. Brookes to bring him the author's copy which the great-novelist sent to him in 1851, with a statement on the fly leaf in Dickens' handwriting to the effect that it was presented to Brookes of Sheffield by Charles Dickens."
Original Hawkesley Shotbag With Embossed Leather Hunting Scene An original leather shotbag by Hawksley of Sheffield. Throws 1 and 1.25 ozs shot. Leather bag in excellent condition. Brass measure.
Original Medieval Great Knightly Sword From The Era of The Battle Of Crecy A magnificent and historical medieval sword. In excavated condition but extremely robust and very sound to handle. Oakshott type H pommel. From the time of King Edward IIIrd of England. Edward Plantagenet (13 November 1312 – 21 June 1377) was King of England from 1327 until his death, and is noted for his military success. Restoring royal authority after the disastrous reign of his father, Edward II, Edward III went on to transform the Kingdom of England into one of the most formidable military powers in Europe. His reign saw vital developments in legislation and government – in particular the evolution of the English parliament – as well as the ravages of the Black Death. He remains one of only six monarchs to have ruled England or its successor kingdoms for more than fifty years. His reign saw the beginning of the Hundred Years War against France. Crecy was one of history's most decisive battles. After the battle of Sluys, Edward III landed in Normandy in July 1346 with about 10,000 men. The French pursued. Edward III decided to halt near Crecy in Normandy and to prepare for battle the next day. However, the French vanguard made contact and started to attack without the benefit of a plan. The French made as many as 15 attacks and the English checked each one in turn mainly because of the English longbowmen. At the end, the French were decimated and the English had a decisive victory. At Crécy, the carefully deployed and well disciplined army of Edward III humbled King Phillip VI of France and left 1,500 of the chivalry of France dead on the field in this famous battle during Edward's chevauchee of 1346 AD during the 100 Years War. First major battle of the Hundred Years' War fought on Saturday, August 26, 1346. in which Philip VI of France was defeated by Edward III of England at the village of Crécy-en-Ponthieu, now in Somme département, France, 18 km/11 mi northeast of Abbeville. The English victory reinforced the lesson of Courtrai – that infantry were well capable of dealing with cavalry. Edward's forces were arranged in three divisions, all dismounted, with Welsh archers and spearmen in the front ranks. The French arrived in the afternoon; their Genoese crossbowmen opened the battle, but rain had slacked their bowstrings and they were rapidly annihilated by the Welsh bowmen who had unstrung their bows and kept the strings dry. The French knights, impatient for victory, then rode forward but, clustered together by the confined battlefield, they were rapidly picked off by bowmen and spearmen. The battle then resolved itself into a series of charges – some historians say as many as 15 – by the French knights against the English lines, but they were eventually beaten off and before nightfall were in retreat. Edward achieved a victory scarcely bettered in any battle before or since. With somewhere between 9,000 to12,000 Welsh and English men he fought King Phillip VIth of France's 35,000 men and knights. Edwards casualties were 2 knights and a few hundred men lost, Phillip had 1,542 Knights and around 20,000 plus men slain. Edward was born on 13 November 1312, possibly at Windsor, although little is known of his early life, the son of Edward II and Isabella of France. Edward himself became king in 1327 after his father was deposed by his mother and her lover, Roger Mortimer. A year later Edward married Philippa of Hainault - they were to have 13 children. Isabella and Roger ruled in Edward's name until 1330, when he executed Mortimer and banished his mother. Edward's primary focus was now war with France. Ongoing territorial disputes were intensified in 1340 when Edward assumed the title of king of France, starting a war that would last intermittently for over a century. In July 1346, Edward landed in Normandy, accompanied by his son Edward, the Black Prince. His decisive victory at Crécy in August scattered the French army. Edward then captured Calais, establishing it as a base for future campaigns. In 1348, he created the Order of the Garter. War restarted in 1355. The following year, the Black Prince won a significant victory at Poitiers, capturing the French king, John II. The resulting Treaty of Bretigny in 1360 marked the end of the first phase of the Hundred Years War and the high point of English influence in France. Edward renounced his claim to the French crown in return for the whole of Aquitaine. In 1369, the French declared war again. Edward, by now an elderly man, left the fighting to his sons. They enjoyed little success and the English lost much of the territory they had gained in 1360. After the death of his queen, Philippa, in 1369, Edward fell under the influence of Alice Perrers, his mistress, who was regarded as corrupt and grasping. Against a backdrop of military failure in France and outbreaks of the plague, the 'Good Parliament' of 1376 was summoned. Perrers and other members of the court were severely criticised and heavy taxation attacked. New councillors were imposed on the king. The death of the Black Prince, Edward's heir, interrupted the crisis and the king's younger son, John of Gaunt, who had ruled the country during Edward's frequent absence in France, later reversed the Good Parliament's reforming efforts. Edward died on 21 June 1377, leaving his young grandson Richard as king…………….. Travelling on to modern times, the medievil knightly sword still embodies and represents gallantry, valour, sacrifice and honour, even today. In November 1920, when it was decided to create the Tomb of the Unknown Warrior and the Centotaph, the coffin of The Unknown Warrior of WW1 was to be sealed within it's iron banded casket. It was hand constructed from timbers from the trees from Henry VIIIth Palace, Hampton Court. Whereupon a most similar sword to this, a knightly medievil sword, that had been personally selected from the Royal Collection by King George Vth, was affixed to the top of the casket, with an inscribed iron shield, stating 'A British Warrior who fell in the Great War 1914-1918 for King and Country', a most fitting tribute to all the hundreds of thousands of gallant soldiers that fell in the Great War. This wonderful sword is in very sound order, the cross guard loose but intact, sword 111cm long overall
Original Pottery Figure of a Xianbei Warrior Around 1500 Years Old This figure is clad in the military uniform of the Xianbei people; with a covered "wind hat", trousers, short upper tunic and a cape tied around the neck, the outfit was designed to protect one against the wind and dust. Northern Dynasties (A.D. 286 - 581) They were a significant Mongolic nomadic people residing in Manchuria, Inner Mongolia and eastern Mongolia. the Northern Wei (386-535), which was the first of the Northern Dynasties (386-581) founded by the Xianbei. In 534, the Northern Wei split into an Eastern Wei (534-550) and a Western Wei (535-556) after an uprising in the steppes of Northern China inhabited by Xianbei and other nomadic peoples. The former evolved into the Northern Qi (550-577), and the latter into the Northern Zhou (557-581), while the Southern Dynasties were pushed to the south of the Yangtze River. In 581, the Prime Minister of Northern Zhou, Yang Jian, founded the Sui Dynasty (581-618). His son, the future emperor Yang Guang, annihilated the Southern Chen (557-589), the last kingdom of the Southern Dynasties, thereby unifying northern and southern China. After the Sui came to an end amidst peasant rebellions and renegade troops, his cousin, Li Shimin, founded the Tang Dynasty (618-907); Li led China to develop into one of the most prosperous states in history. Sui and Tang dynasties were founded by Han Chinese generals who also served the Northern Wei Dynasty. Through these political establishments, the Xianbei who entered China were largely merged with the Han, examples such as the wife of Emperor Gaozu of Tang, Duchess Dou and Emperor Taizong of Tang's (Li Shimin's) wife, Empress Zhangsun, both have Xianbei ancestries, while those who remained behind in the northern grassland emerged as later. The figure is in very good condition for age, with a small chip on the front foot and on the rear trouser bottom, possibly contemporary. 9.5 inches high. As with all our items, it comes complete with it's Certificate of Authenticity.
Original US Springfield Infantry Musket Used in the Mexican War & Civil War The Model 1816 was used by Texians during the Texas Revolution and by the US Army and militia during the Mexican-American War. It was also a very good American Infantryman's Rifle issued to Union Troops in the American Civil War. Good walnut stock, brass furniture, good action, clearly marked lock with Springfield and American Eagle, an M16, dated 1835 percussion conversion. One photo in the gallery is of the Battle of Williamsburg that shows very well how that very Springfield was used to such great effect in the Civil War [for information only, pictures not included] The War of 1812 had revealed many weaknesses in American muskets. The Model 1812 Musket was created in an attempt to improve both the design and manufacture of the musket. The Model 1816 made further improvements, and replaced the Model 1812. The Model 1812 had borrowed heavily from the design of the French Charleville model 1777 musket, and this design was retained for the Model 1816. The Model 1816 originally had a 42 inch long .69 caliber barrel, similar to the Model 1812, but had a longer lock plate, a shorter trigger guard, and a longer bayonet than the Model 1812. The Model 1816 also had a more straight lined stock. The overall length of the weapon was 58 inches. The Model 1816 musket was originally produced at the Harpers Ferry and Springfield Arsenals between 1816 and 1844. The Model 1816 was originally produced as a flintlock musket. Like many flintlock muskets, many of these were later converted to percussion cap, as the percussion cap system was much more reliable and weather resistant. After the Model 1816 was made, produstion went to the Model 1822, Model 1835, Model 1840, and Model 1842. The U.S. Ordnance Department referred to these as different models, but in other U.S. government documents they are referred to as a continuation of the Model 1816. Modern histories are similarly inconsistent in the nomenclature of these weapons. Ramrod lacking, [shown in photo with temp replacement] As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
Original Victorian 7th Dragoon Guards Silver Cap Badge, 1898 1906 A superb example in pristine condition, not hallmarked silver. Crisp and sharp and superb quality. Part of a small collection of original rare Victorian badges we have just been most pleased to acquire. At Dettingen, Cornet Richardson of the 7th received thirty-seven wounds whilst defending the Regimental Standard. This standard is the oldest surviving in the British Army. 7th Dragoon horsemen carried out the last cavalry charge of World War 1 when they galloped for 10 miles to capture LESSINES in BELGIUM and the crossings there over the RIVER DENDRE suffering no casualties themselves, but taking 4 German officers and 167 men prisoners. As was required by higher command this action was completed as the clocks were striking 11 o’clock when hostilities had to stop in accordance with the terms of the Armistice.
Original Watercolour of British Victorian Cavalry Lancer Painted in 2002 by D H. Haggar. 15.25 inches x 19.25 inches In frame
Original Waterlour Of a Victorian Dragoon NCO Signed by H.R. Coombe A most attractive portrait of a mounted Sergeant of Dragoons in full dress probably late Victorian. 14 x 19 framed picture 8.75 x 12.5 inches [photo shows some lens reflections]
Our Family Archive Photos Since we started putting on our site some of our old archive photos, taken of our family business and staff over the past decades, we have had a lot of interest from old visitors to Brighton, and requests from many people to put online any future photos we discover. So here are a couple of new ones. A photo of our Holland & Holland roadcoach harnessed with our pair of greys [Lady Chatterley and Sgt. Corke]. The coach used to travel between the our shops and other local destinations, including the main Brighton railway station, collecting and delivering customers. We also used to run seafront rides between Brighton and Hove. The other photo is of Mark Hawkins, taken circa 1961, with his first gun purchase, an 18th century brass barrelled Blunderbuss. It cost two pounds ten shillings [about two years pocket money!]
Pair Of Very Fine Flemish Pistols By Liberon Dit Biron, Maker For Napoleon. A most beautiful pair officers holster and duelling pistols. Liberon was a very fine gun maker who was personally commissioned by the Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte to make presentation pistols, to be presented by him to Field Marshals and Nobles. There are a pair, presented by Napoleon in 1813, to Field Marshal Comte De Wurben Bubna-Littittz, Ambassador extraordinary of the Emperor of Austria, that now are exhibited in the Museum of Arms of Liege. Made circa 1810 and converted to the superior percussion system in around 1825. Finest Damascus twist rifled barrels, safety catches to actions, silver wire scroll inlay at the wrist and around the locks. The golden era of the duelling pistol in Britain lasted from around 1770 to 1850. By 1780 it was stated that "pistols are the weapons now generally made use of." Duelling pistols were regarded as the finest of all flintlock pistols, whose object was to make a nicely balanced, fine handling, accurate and often intentionally beautiful pistol. On the continent and Britain every superior officer and gentleman was expected to own a fine pair. Atkinson estimates the number of lives claimed by English maker, Wogdon's pistols alone, were in the "many hundreds," earning Wogdon the sobriquet of the "patron of that leaden death." One of the most famous duels in United States history took place on July 11, 1804 between Aaron Burr and Alexander Hamilton at Weehawken, New Jersey. Hamilton, the former Treasury secretary died as a result of his wound, former Vice President Burr was indicted for murder but not prosecuted. Three years earlier Alexander Hamilton's son had been killed in duel at the same spot using the same set of tricked-out .544 caliber English-made pistols. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables.9.25inch barrels 15 inches long overall. Just one small barrel slide lacking
Pair Stunning Quality Original Ching Dynasty Emperor & Empress Paintings, Accompanied by sword bearing female attendjnts. Original antique Chinese paintings in Chinese white and polychrome gauche on paper. With most rare and highly unusual sword interest and connections. They comprise a seated Qing Chinese Emperor adorned in magnificent dragon armour, with his eunuch attendants at his side [one is sword bearing] and with a partly covered bow on his lap. He is receiving a missive which is being read by another attendant or eunuch. It's matching pair is a painting of his Empress, also seated, being presented with an offering. It is a dragon decorated banner, that can be seen in a stand, set on table that is behind the Emperor in the previous picture. This banner bears the identical dragon symbol as to be seen on the War Lords armour. Most interestingly the lady is carrying a long sword [jian] and two of the attendant also have swords [dao and jian], one being borne as if in presentation. The lady also wears silk dress with the same dragon décor.They are obviously depictions of a significant event, maybe from early Chinese history but sadly we have no idea. The ladies bareing swords though is very rare and we suspect highly significant. Small paper cracking and very old touch in areas. Original silk boarder mounting and black lacquer painted wooden frames. Likely painted on Chinese pith paper. Pith comes from the central column of spongy cellular tissue in the stem of a small tree called Tetrapanax Papyrifera, native to south-west China and a member of the ginseng family. It has had a variety of uses, some going back many centuries, such as artificial flowers, hairpins and medicinal purposes. In the early nineteenth century it became very popular as a surface for painting with water colours and tempera. For use in painting, the pith is cut by hand with a knife into thin sheets from short lengths of the spongy tissue. Cutting is highly skilled and the constraints of the process mean that the finished sheets for painting seldom, if ever, measure more than about 30 cm by 20 cm. The sheets are dried, trimmed and used for painting without any further processing. Painters on pith did not in general sign their work.
Pattern 1856 type Enfield Tower Carbine "Musketoon" .577 Cal Also designated as the Short Rifle. Originally dated on the lock 1856, but re-dated 1882 on top. This weapon was produced by the Tower Factory, and made at Enfield [some under contract for the Confederacy] by London Armoury Company and the Birmingham Gunsmith Guilds for use in British Artillery units as a defensive arm against enemy Infantry and Cavalry Units. It has a 24 inch barrel, 40 inches overall, and no barrel lug for bayonet. Some considerable quantity of these musketoons were imported by the Federal and Confederate Governments, for use in the Civil War in the 1860's, and issued primarily to Artillery Units, but they were also used by the Confederate Cavalry [when they could be acquired], if cavalry carbines were not available. The Pattern 1853 Cavalry Carbine was also imported. The Cavalry version did not have the Henry Yatagan Sword Bayonet lug. Only fewer that 5,000 Carbines of both types were run through the blockade to the Confederacy. A most interesting Victorian Musketoon carbine, lacking ramrod, rifled barrel but poor rifling remaining.
Presentation Grade 1860's Gold Inlaid Spanish Revolver By Jose Aranguren of Eibar. Jose Aranguren, gunmaker of Placencia and Eibar, 1849-1870. A beautiful, gold and silver scrollwork, factory engraved and inlaid, large calibre holster revolver, from the era of the American Civil War 1860-65. The beautiful city of Eibar Guipúzcoa is a municipality belonging to the region of Bajo Deba in the Basque Country of Spain. It is known as the "City of Gunsmiths." In this illustrious city it has produced some of Spain's leading makers. The first written document referring to Eibar gunsmith industry is a request from Lombard dated 1481. Pistols of this grade were incredibly expensive and more often than not made for presentation to important persons. During the Civil War many American generals were presented such pistols. General 'Stonewall' Jackson was presented with a deluxe engraved example now in the Museum of the Confederacy in Richmond Virginia, but even his was not gold inlaid. This pistol has a good working action, in overall good condition but some small losses to the gold inlay. Lanyard swivel lacking. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
Queen Anne Cannon Barrel 'Toby' Pistol. Ideal To Conceal in A Lady's Muff A delightful antique flintlock pistol, absolutely ideal for secreted concealment, albeit in a ladies muff [a winter warmer], or, a gentleman's small overcoat pocket. It was made circa 1730 to 1750. 3.6" barrel. Steel, half-way turn-off cannon barrel, with good cp and v proof ovals at breech. Brass trigger guard. The stock is a beautiful grained walnut [juglans regia]. In good excellent order, and overall very good condition indeed for age. It also has the rare early under-fitting tang screw, that not seen on later pistols. Although mostly made later, they came in fashion in England during the reign of Queen Anne, hence the title name. Though made in all sizes up to carbine, they were usually made in the size range known as pocket pistols or over coat pistols, easily concealable on one's person. A smaller version, like this rare and fine example, was known at the time as a Toby, as it was able to be concealed in a smaller pocket or a ladies muff. This nickname has long since almost disappeared as a common useage term for smaller protection pistols, now they are more commonly known as Derringers. Used in the period of the Anglo French Indian war in America, in the 1760's, [ known in Europe as part of the 7 Years War]. Also in the American War of Independence, in the 1770's, and right through the Napoleonic Wars into the early 1800's. in the typical Queen Anne the barrel unscrews with a barrel key or wrench just ahead of the chamber where the powder and ball are placed when the pistol is loaded. The chamber is long and narrow with a cup at the top shaped the fit the bullet (a round lead ball). The user can quickly fill the chamber with black powder and put a bullet on top; the barrel is then replaced, sealing the bullet between its cup and the breech end of the barrel. The bullet is larger than the barrel, so the breech is tapered to compress the ball as it moves forward at the moment of firing to tightly fit the bore. High gas pressure is developed behind the bullet before it is forced into the barrel, thus achieving considerably higher muzzle velocity and power than with a muzzle loader. The barrel was often rifled, which improves accuracy. The system also avoids the need for wadding or a ramrod during loading. As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
Queen's South Africa Medal HMS Powerful Defence of Ladysmith Bar Royal Marine. In 1895, HMS Powerful, a first-class cruiser, was launched. She was destined to make a reputation of great importance, for it was due to the timely appearance of a Naval Brigade from the vessel, armed with two 4.7in. Guns and four 12 pounders, that Ladysmith was saved at the outbreak of the Boer war. All through the siege the bluejackets contributed most cheerfully in its defence, taking their privations with a smile and displaying such courage and devotion as won universal admiration. Mr. G. W. Steevens, a talented correspondent, who died before the relief came, having paid a visit to the Naval Battery, and seen the men work their well-beloved guns, he wrote an account of it in his own inimitable style, and wound up with the following panegyric: - "This handful of sailors have been the saving of Ladysmith. You don't know, till you have tried it, what a worm you feel when the enemy is plugging shell into you, and you can't possibly plug back. Even though they spared their shell, it made all the world of difference to know that the sailors could reach the big guns if they ever became unbearable. The other day they sent a 12-pounder up to Caesar's Camp under a boy who, if he were not commanding big men round a big gun in a big war, might with luck be in the Fifth Form. 'There's a 94-pounder up there,' said a high officer, who might just have been his grandfather. 'All right, sir,' said the child, serenely, 'we'll knock him out.' By the time HMS Powerful returned to Portsmouth on 11th April 1900, after the action at Ladysmith, her exploits were common knowledge in England. The men of the ship and particularly the Naval Brigade were regarded as heroes and the people of Portsmouth were determined to celebrate their return. A correspondent from the Daily News reported the arrival as follows:- HMS Powerful returns home "It has been a memorable day. HMS Powerful has arrived in Portsmouth, and the lads of the Naval Brigade have met with a reception they will never forget……There was to have been a great prepared ovation, with a march through decorated streets and a banquet at the Town Hall, but the Municipal and Admiralty authorities could not agree on such a programme for today. So the formal glorification stands postponed till April 24th, but the public has insisted on celebrating the home-coming of the heroes. " As the great vessel steamed into Portsmouth Harbour at four o'clock this afternoon, she was greeted with thunders of applause from the two shores, which were black with people. The Victory, the St. Vincent, the Hero, the Trafalgar, and other vessels lying off here were dressed with flags, and their crews, swarming along the yards, swelled the roar of welcome…… the premises of Messrs E and E Emanuel afford as beautiful a display of emblematic decorations as could well be conceived. Other buildings have also been made beautiful with bunting; but such outward and visible signs of the public pride and delight are comparitively few, and the reason for this is not, as has been ingeniously suggested - that a famine in flags has resulted from the heavy Irish demand. The feeling among the townsfolk is that street decorations should be held in reserve for the demonstration of the 24th. " By three o'clock the jetty was thronged with men, women and children. These were the relatives of the crew of the expected Powerful. The corduroyed father of a cabin boy rubbed shoulders with the frock-coated brother of an officer. A more eager, joyous gathering I never saw. Fine rain fell but no one minded that….. " The Commander-in-Chief and his party did not reach the jetty till half past three. Beside the First Lord of the Admmiralty, there came with Sir Michael (Culme-Seymour), Lord Durham (brother of the vessel's commander, Captain Lambton), Lord George Hamilton, Lord Claud Hamilton, Lord Farquhar, the Earl and Countess of Pembroke, Lady Tryon, Lady Anne Lambton, Lady Chelsea, Lady Wolverton, Lord and Lady Robert Cecil, Lady Alwyne Compton and Miss Agnes Weston. " We heard the murmur of distant cheers before we saw the ship. Anon naval eyes discerning her moving masts, and then the great, black hull with funnels and deck fittings painted buff, glided into view. Bluejackets swarmed along the decks, and little faces peered from the portholes. We cheered, we waved hats and handkerchiefs and we were half wild with delight. "
Rare King William IVth British Sea Service Pistol With the Crimean War period percussion conversion. Fine walnut stock, traditional brass butt cap and furniture, captive ramrod, 9inch barrel. Lock marked with WR Crown marking. Based around the New Land pattern light dragoon service pistols. A super piece and a very scarce collectors item. Used in the era when the Royal Navy still used the magnificent 100 gunner 'Man O' War' galleons, and the from before the start of when the great 'Iron Clads' were being produced for the new form of naval warfare. It was from this era that the world was to see the end of the great sailing ships that coursed the seven seas for the greatest navy the world has ever known. Barrel bears the Victorian Crimean War period VR service proof mark.One picture in the gallery is a British Man O' War HMS Marlborough, and another the Bombardment, by the Royal Navy ship, HMS Bulldog, of Bomarsund, during the Crimean War. [For information only not included] As with all our antique guns no license is required as they are all unrestricted antique collectables
Royal Collection Italian Morion Helmet, Probably From Milan, Circa 1544 Copied in the 19th century from a helmet in the Royal Collection, found in the Round Tower at Windsor Castle, and believed to be from the personal collection of King George IIIrd. Copper electrotype with fully faithful detail from the royal helmet. Slight misshapen damage at the comb. The plume holder etched with a religious scene (possibly the Trinity) and the inscription LAVDAMVS TE (We praise Thee) .Electrotyping is a chemical method for forming metal parts that exactly reproduce a model. The method was invented by Moritz von Jacobi in Russia in 1838, and was immediately adopted for applications in printing and several other fields. As described in a treatise, electrotyping produces "an exact facsimile of any object having an irregular surface, whether it be an engraved steel- or copper-plate, a wood-cut, or a form of set-up type, to be used for printing; or a medal, medallion, statue, bust, or even a natural object, for art purposes." In art, several important "bronze" sculptures created in the 19th century are actually electrotyped copper, and not bronze at all One of the earliest documented large-scale (1.67 metres (5.5 ft)) electrotype sculptures was John Evan Thomas's Death of Tewdric Mawr, King of Gwent (1849). The electrotype was done by Elkington, Mason, & Co. for the Great Exhibition of 1851. Among the most spectacular early examples are Josef Hermann's twelve angels (1858) at the base of the cupola of Saint Isaac's Cathedral in St. Petersburg, Russia. As described by Théophile Gautier in 1867, "They are twenty-one feet high, and were made by the galvanoplastic process in four pieces, whose welding together is invisible. http://www.royalcollection.org.uk/eGallery/object.asp?exhibition=RT2&exhibs=RT2arms&object=61317&row=3&detail=about
Senior NCO's Cavalry Helmet Plate 1902 Coronation of Edward VIIth Also used for the 1911 coronation of King George VIth, but discontinued soon thereafter. Apparently, only 10 senior nco cavalry helmet plates were made for the Coronation, as the other ranks and officers continued to wear the 1871 pattern "VR" cypher plates on their helmets. This has two, thin, [approx 3.5mm] retaining posts. The Senior NCO helmet example in the Derbyshire Yeomanry museum has four retaining posts. However, most yeomanry cavalry helmet plates should, as a rule, always have the retaining posts at the extremes of the plate, in order to hold it most securely and thus close to the skull. In the Derbyshire Yeomanry, the other ranks 1871 VR pattern helmet plate posts have to be close together, due to the skeletal VR form of the plate. So, we believe, when originally made for the Coronation, some 1902 plates were re-fitted to VR pattern helmet skulls, and thus may have required the previous plates pattern of 4 posts, but some, may well have been fitted on to new made helmet skulls and thus had the more sensibly located two posts at the extremes. This is only the second example we have seen in 40 years.
Silver Mounted Pichangatti Coorg Knife, Early 19th Century A silver Indian Pichangatti Coorg knife for the specialist collector of Oriental daggers. There is a near identical example, but in much poorer condition, in the Royal Armouries collection [ Object number XXVID.image number Di 2005-081 4]This is a 19th century Pichangatti knife of the Coorg people of Southwest India. The heavy, broad steel blade is quite sharp and has a single fuller on each side. The blade is engraved traditional Coorg eyelash design. The silver hilt is engraved.With an overall length of just 22cm (8 5/8 inches), this is not a large knife. Nevertheless, it is sharp and deadly in the hand as well as a beautiful work of art. The Coorgis pronounci it “Peechekathi” and not “Pichangatti”. The word “kathi” in Coorgi (and most other Dravidian tongues such as Tamil and Malayalam) means “knife” or “dagger”. The Pichangatti cannot be purchased “off the shelf” even in the heart of Coorg (also known as Mercara). Like the Keris of Java and heirlooms of other cultures, it often handed down over generations.“Coorg” (an anglicized corruption of Kodagu, said to be derived from the Kanarese Kudu, " steep," or "hilly"), is a province of India. The Coorgis, or more properly, “Kodagas”, are renowned warriors (sometimes known as the “Lords of War”) who live on the east coast of India in the north of the state of Karnataka. Their homeland has been defended vigorously (and successfully) for two millennia. Some people believe they are descendants of part of Alexander the Great's army. These men in Alexander's army may have come from what is now Syria.
Smith and Wesson No3 'Old Model Russian' Wild West Revolver The type of Smith and Wesson as used by John Wesley Hardin. A stunning example superbly refinished nickel and polished walnut grips. Integral blade front sight with notched rear sight on barrel latch. Matching assembly numbers on the butt, cylinder, barrel and barrel latch. The top of the rib is marked "SMITH & WESSON SPRINGFIELD. MASS. U.S.A. PAT. JULY 10.60. JAN. 17. FEB. 17. JULY. 11 65 & AUG. 24. 69. RUSSIAN MODEL". 7 inch barrel.44 S&W Russian handguns have been documented in Old West gunplay. Infamous Texas killer John Wesley Hardin used an early 1st Model .44 Russian in at least one of his many shootings. And when the James gang was shot to pieces during the bank robbery attempt at Northfield, Minnesota in August 1876 several .44 Russian revolvers were taken from wounded or dead gang members. Jesse James himself was killed in 1882 by Bob Ford with an S&W New Model .44 Russian. Like the other Smith and Wesson Model 3's, they were also reportedly popular with lawmen and outlaws in the American West, and were reportedly used by Jesse James, John Wesley Hardin, Pat Garrett, Theodore Roosevelt, Virgil Earp, Billy the Kid. John Wesley Hardin killed a Texas Lawman with his 'Old Model' 44 Russian Smith & Wesson. The story of the Younger - James Gang goes as follows; After the Civil War Jessie and his brother Frank James became outlaws and established a gang that included Jessie James, Bob Younger, Cole Younger, James Younger, Bill Chadwell, Clell Miller and Charlie Pitts. On 13th February, 1866, the gang robbed a bank at Liberty, Missouri. Over the next few years the brothers took part in twelve bank robberies, seven train robberies, four stage-coach robberies and various other criminal acts. During these crimes at least eleven citizens were killed by the gang. As well as their home state of Missouri they were also active in West Virginia, Alabama, Arkansas, Iowa, Kansas and Minnesota. On 7th September, 1876, the gang attempted to rob the First National Bank in Northfield, Minnesota. During the raid Jessie James killed the cashier, Lee Heywood. Members of the town decided to fight back and they opened fire on the gang. Bill Chadwell, Clell Miller and Charlie Pitts were killed whereas Bob Younger, Cole Younger and James Younger, were all wounded and captured. Cole Youngers 'Old Model' pistol was captured then
Solid Silver Hilted Small Sword By The King's Sword Maker Cullum of London Silver hallmarked hilt with plain wooden grip, ovoid pommel and single knuckle bow. It has it's original scabbard throat mount but no leather remaining. This could be made to remake a scabbard. The guard is oviod with a left and right hand symmetrical gadroon pattern edging, and a steel disc strengthening mount on the underside. In the wars with France, fought in North America, officers of highest rank, on both sides, used such amazingly beautiful swords, and continued to do so in the American War of Independence in the 1770's. There is a portrait of Admiral of the White, Lord Rodney standing holding his identical sword [see gallery]. This sword is simple yet elegant with it's silver hallmarks clearly remaining, but some are difficult to discern, although weaponry benefited by being specifically excluded from the regulations of the British [Silver and Gold Hallmark] Plate Act of 1738. It has a very fine slender trefoil blade beautifully engraved with the royal motto of King George III Dieu et Mon Droit although some is not visible. This would have been sword of a noble officer of considerable rank such as colonel admiral or general, and certainly a gentleman of high status. The rapier bladed small swords had a special popularity with the officers of both combatants in the French and Indian War period and the American War of Independence. And into the Napoleonic Wars era. Admiral Rodney at the Battle of the Saintes, with his identical silver sword by Thomas Gainsborough
Souvenir of The Indian Mutiny. A 3 Band Enfield [Indian ] Musket Bayonet Circa 1853. Complete with locking catch and traces of markings. No scabbard. Good order overall for age. Length overall 20 inches, blade 17 inches
Spanish Heavy Cavalry of the Line Sword 1815 Pattern [1832M] This sword has just returned after over a year and a half at our restorers awaiting completion. It came to us, originally, in a very sorry state indeed. We have undertaken what might be called a museum conservation restoration. The natural combat service denting and misshaping we have left as is, as honest battle scars, the rest has been conserved and re-polished to remove over a century and a half of detritus and neglect. It now look super, but with all it's remaining post-battle character still intact. In 1815-32 Spanish heavy line cavalry troopers were equipped with this new sword, having a very similar hilt to the French heavy cavalry cuirassiers An XI pattern, in brass, with knuckle-bow, three curved quillons and pommel with no backstrap. Blade marked Toledo 1863. This sword has certainly seen service and pretty worn. However this is a big, scarce Napoleonic pattern Cuirassier battle sword, and a most impressive and fascinating example, and the first of it's kind we have seen in nearly 10 years, although fortunately they do appear now and again. The big and impressive original 19th century Spanish heavy cavalry swords are near unheard of, in regards to availability, in England, and we have never seen any in America, Australia or Canada available at all over the past 10 years. 95 cm blade
Stunning Pair of Victorian, Cold Painted Celtic Warrior Sculptures Two of the great Warrior Kings of history. One is most likely King of the Gauls, Vercingetorix, one of the greatest Celtic Warrior Kings, and the other, probably, High King Brian Beru of Ireland, likely Ireland's most famous King from the pre Medieval times. A superb hand painted pair of Victorian sculptures in cast spelter metal. Small paint chips, overall very good condition. 40cm high
StunnIng Private Purchase Revolver of Lt Col J.V Hesse, 58th Regt. Zulu War Who served at Ulundi in the 1879 Zulu War. A large calibre [around .455, 12mm] double action revolver in splendid condition with blueing, bright steel and micro chequered walnut grips. The action works as tight as a drum. The cylinder bears Belgium proof and the barrel and cylinder English view marks. The grips bear his monogram and regt. mark on the inner sides, most likely applied by his gun retailer. John Valentine Hesse was appointed an Ensign in the 58th Regiment, by purchase, on 8 January 1858; Lieutenant, 15 June 1859; Captain, by purchase, 6 May 1862; Brevet Major, 23 December 1875. Major Hesse served with the 58th during the war in South Africa, including the battle of Ulundi. He retired on Full Pay as a Lieutenant-Colonel on 26 November 1879. Hesse, John Valentine, son of Rev. F. Hesse, Rowberrow Rectory, Bristol ; Served with 58th Regt. 1858-79 ; present at Ulundi, 1879 Colonel ; J.P. Died at Wedmore, Somerset, Sept. 1890. Apparently the pistol owner tried to reacquire Lt. Col. Hesse' Zulu War Medal [in 2005] but sadly lost out at an auction. As with all our antique guns no licence is required.
Stunning, Original 16th Century German Infantry-Horseman's Composite Armour With a singularly outstanding peasquod form breastplate. Used as an infantry officer's half armour in the 16th century, but, as with many of these armours, they were upgraded in the English Civil War, with cuirassier close helmets, and used by cavalry officer's as cuirassiers armour. This armour has a 17th century cuirassier helmet with two-piece skull, pivoting fall with pointed peak, upper bevor pierced with circular breaths, lower bevor shaped to the chin, and two gorget-plates to the front and rear, the remainder of 'black and white' type, comprising almain-collar of a main-plate and two neck-plates at the front and rear, hinged on the left, and with short spaulders of five plates each, cuirass comprising back-plate with culet of two plates and breast-plate with prominent central point, moveable gussets and prominent roped turns at the neck and arms, skirt of two plates, and knee-length tassets of seven plates each, the lowest deeper and bluntly pointed, the main edges turned and roped, some bordered by a raised guilloche pattern, on wooden stand Photo of portrait group shows Heinrich von Nassau-Dillenburg equipped as a cuirassier of the time, with his cuirass off and buff leather underneath. Notice the tied-on sleeve:
Superb 1770 Pierced Steel Small Sword, Probably By Steven's of Temple Gate London. An almost identical sword is in the Victoria and Albert Museum Collection. Made by sword-cutler Abraham Steven's, of Fleet St and Temple Gate London, and appears in their published book, European Swords by Anthony North, page 28 illustration 53, exhibition item number M.192-1928. The sword has an ovoid pommel fully pierced with a stand of arms, a spiraling silver band with combination multiwire grip binding, with top and bottom Turk's Head knot's also in silver. A cut steel single knucklebow formative pas dans and cut steel quillons with round terminals. An ovoid fully pierced guard, stunningly decorated with stands of arms, comprising helmet, drum, cannon and flags, with pierced foliate scrolling throughout. The sword has a fine Colishmarde blade. The colichemarde descended from the so-called "transition rapier", which appeared because of a need for a lighter sword, better suited to parrying. It was not so heavy at its point; it was shorter and allowed a limited range of double time moves. The colichemarde in turn appeared as a thrusting blade too and also with a good parrying level, hence the strange, yet successful shape of the blade. This sword appeared at about the same time as the foil. However the foil was created for practicing fencing at court, while the colichemarde was created for dueling. With the appearance of pocket pistols as a self-defense weapon, the colichemardes found an even more extensive use in dueling. This was achieved thanks to a wide forte (often with several fullers), which then stepped down in width after the fullers ended. The result of this strange shape was a higher maneuverability of the sword: with the weight of the blade concentrated in one's hand it became possible to maneuver the blade at a greater speed and with a higher degree of control, allowing the fencer to place a precise thrust at his/her adversary. There is a portrait in the gallery with Admiral Sir Thomas Graves holding his near identical sword. Overall 39 inches long, 32 inch blade
Superb, Important, Early Blue & Gilt American Naval Sword With Dolphin Hilt A simply exquisite blue and gilt bladed, dolphin hilted sword imported for the early 19th century American Navy, of the style and form most popular and adopted by officers of the Southern States. It's highly distinctive and unique design was a direct influence that may well have inspired the Confederate Navy pattern sword of the Civil War, with it's highly unusual mythological dolphin type sea beast head hilt. Made by Wester & Cie a Solingen, in the early 19th century, and one of the swords likely imported by an American sword and uniform tailors in South Carolina for Southern Naval officers. See American Swords and Makers' Marks by Clegg Donald Furr, where a near identical example is illustrated by photo [see photograph number 50 page 37, from the D.S.Ball collection]. In John H Thillman's book on American Civil War Cavalry swords, there is a section on imported Wester Company swords, and it has a few sword pictures of them, but Wester swords are very rare and mostly unmarked (in the main). Bezdek lists "Isaac Wester & Cie." in Solingen as a American sword importer from 1820 through 1890. This example is very early and likely made at their very earliest period in around 1810 for the War of 1812. A few of his swords used by Confederate officer's remain in the finest collections of early American swords. This sword is absolutely stunning, in superb condition, and it's mythological sea beast pommel hilt is quite fabulous, with only a little misshaping on the quillon, likely acquired by a close combat blow to the hilt. The grip is carved horn and the scabbard is copper gilt mounted leather with a top mount button for hanging on a belt frog.Blade 32.25 inches long, blade 1 inch wide at the forte.
Sword From The Lanes Armoury Sold, £2,465 For The Queen Elizabeth Hospital Birmingham Charity. We were absolutely delighted that a sword, especially sourced from us, sold at their special charity ball auction, on Saturday 22nd of June. The auction raised in total, £56,000, a most handsome sum. Mike Hammond, Chief Executive wrote to us to say; "We’ve already had over 100 people staying at the house since we opened our doors to military patients and their families in April, and the sword has funded another 99 days of accommodation for the families". The Queen Elizabeth Hospital in Birmingham is home to the Royal Centre for Defence Medicine, which treats UK military patients injured or wounded anywhere around the world. The hospital charity is in the process of building Fisher House, a “home away from home” for military patients and their families to stay whilst they are having medical treatment. You can see more about Fisher House at their website www.fisherhouseuk.org All donations will be most gratefully received. A photo in the gallery is of HRH Prince Charles opening Fisher House.
The Fusil Gras Modèle 1874 Sword Bayonet. The Fusil Gras Modèle 1874 M80 was a French service rifle of the 19th century. This rifle had a calibre of 11 mm and used black powder centerfire cartridges that weighed 25 grams. It was a robust and hard-hitting weapon, but had no magazine and so could only fire one shot after loading. It also had a triangular-shaped sword bayonet, known as the Model 1874 "Gras" Sword Bayonet. It was replaced by the Lebel rifle in 1886. In the meantime about 400,000 Gras rifles had been manufactured. The metallic-cartridge Gras was manufactured in response to the development of the metallic cartridge designed by Colonel Boxer in 1866 (Boxer cartridge), and the British 1870 Martini-Henry rifle. Those were soon emulated by the Germans with the 1871 Mauser. The Greek Army adopted the Gras in 1877, and it was used in all conflicts up until the Second World War. It became the favourite weapon of guerrilla fighters, from the various revolts against the Ottoman Empire to the resistance against the Germans, acquiring legendary status. The name entered the language, and Grades was a term colloquially applied to all rifles during the first half of the 20th century. It was manufactured by Manufacture d'armes de Saint-Étienne, one of several government-owned arms factories in France. However most of the Gras rifles (60,000) used by the Greek military were manufactured under licence by Steyr in Austria.
The German Franco Prussian War Commemorative Medal of 1870/71 this is a campagian medal presented by Kaiser William I in his capacity as King of Prussia. The medal was presented to commemorate recipents service in the Franco Prussian War. The medal was presented to members of the united German armies. The medal was presented for combat service in gilt bronze, and non-combat service in steel. Each version bore minor differences in inscription and design. Claps were authorized on the 25th anniversary of the German victory, to commemorate selected battles.
The Lanes Armoury Always Welcome Personal Visitors To The Store In Brighton The story so far of the Hawkins Brothers and "The Lanes Armoury" written by Francis Taylor; Sadly it is likely the last true original 'Armoury' shop left in the whole of Britain.They are described all over the world as one of the top visitors attractions of the City of Brighton, England, and hundreds of thousands of tourists [and regular visitors] come to see them every year. They evolved from one of the oldest established family businesses in Sussex, with a client base that includes Heads of State, Presidents, Princes and Kings. But whether you are a movie star, a professor, a postmen or a student all are treated with the same courtesy. Every sale is important to them, beit a badge for £5 or a 1st edition rare book for £5,000. Every day they are told that, to some, this is their favourite shop in the world, so they believe they have a great responsibility, to their customers, their reputation, and to the amazing city of Brighton. To view a little visual history during the past century click the photo to the left to see more photos of their store today, and also 3 original vintage photos from their archive. One of their shop from around 1920, one of their 1920's vintage horse drawn pantechnichon [still in use till 1969] and one of their 'more modern' trucks in the 1970's. The partners Mark and David regularly appear on the BBC [and other numerous UK TV channels] on various antique 'discovery' programs as consultant appraisers and valuers. During Mark's 40 years, and David's 30 years with the family business, it is estimated they have had pass through their hands and appraised possibly more items than any other dealers in the whole country and their breadth of knowledge and experiance is simply astonishing. While in his capacity as Export Director of the old family firm Mark was personally responsible for the sale and export of over 2,000 antique items every single week for nearly ten years! Shipping them to, amongst other worldwide destinations, their associate auction house in Georgia, USA. Of course, these days, and for the past 20 years now, the brothers are 'specialists' their concentration as now limited to just fine, antique, arms, armour and historical books. A recent article, written on them, at City News Live is copied below as published;*********** With so many different histories to offer, you can feel freer in Brighton than in most British cities to select trips which coincide with your interests – and of course, you're much more likely to find in Brighton things to do which bring the history you love to life. For the lover of militaria, a visit to The Lanes Armoury is a must with a difference. The Armoury's housed in a three-storey 16th century building and is a real treasure trove – it's a museum which is not a museum as everything is for sale. It has been nominated and then short-listed for the British Antique & Collectors Awards as the best Antique Shop in Great Britain and is the latest incarnation of a much older business – David Hawkins Antiques Ltd – which was one of the earliest and largest dealers in Antiques and Collectibles within the whole of Europe. It's their specialisation in Arms, Armour, Militaria, and Books which really marks them out and creates such a fascinating and fantastic place to visit. From bronze-age swords, suits of armour, guns, revolvers, duelling pistols, American Civil war swords through to medals and World War II weapons, it's all there to be viewed and drooled over. It's not a museum but when you leave, you've had the same experience! I can honestly say the experience of a visit to the armoury, although not a vast premises by any means, is utterly memorable, and every single person that passed through their doors while I was there was either astonished, or amazed, or both! F.Taylor
The Lanes Armoury, Featured in the New York Times. Published by Taschen In the New York Times they ran a review of 'Must See' places, throughout the whole of Europe, for the benefit of their readers in the States and Worldwide. We were delighted to be roundedly endorsed, and included within that list, with a superb editorial, by the New York Times. Our details, alongside all the other essential destination sights, such as the Tower of London and Madam Tussauds, in England, and all the principle sights in France, Germany and Italy etc. are now published in a complete volume by Taschen. These books can be ordered at the Taschen.com. Website. Every authentic item we sell comes with a lifetime guarantee, Certificate of Authenticity.
The Lanes Armoury, One Of The Last True Armouries In Europe A unique company that has evolved from it's roots, as one of the oldest surviving Sussex family traders, established since the reign of King George. Mark Hawkins [the senior partner] has been involved in the business for almost 50 years, and his younger brother, David, for almost 40. Between them [and their predecessors] they have been supplying and purveying fine arms, armour and antiques to simply too many tens of thousands of clients, from the four corners of the globe, to count them all. From presidents to postmen, all have been most warmly received by the company as esteemed clients and friends. We provide a unique, bespoke service, tailored to suit the needs of every customer, and all are treated equally. Our normal opening hours are Monday to Saturday 11.00am till 5.15 pm. We are available however, all day, on 07721 010085 [+ 44 [0]7721 010085]. Ronald Wilson Reagan [February 6, 1911 – June 5, 2004) 40th President of the United States (1981–1989). A much missed client and 'friend' of The Lanes Armoury
The W.H.B. Smith Classic Book of Pistols and Revolvers 816 pages 7th edition. A huge and classic book of infinite use to the collector, or those needing an encyclopeadic knowledge of guns.
Tudor Steel Rapier With Swept Hilt and Bronze Romanesque Pommel A delightful sword, possibly a battle field recovery, originally made in the Elizabethan era and used until the English Civil War of the 1640's. The grip has now gone, and the steel is all over russetted and the pommel has verdigris. The bronze pommel is 'after the antique' style, with delightful Roman curlicues and a Roman battle scene of horseback mounted warriors, somewhat similar to those depicted on Trajan's Column in Rome. The rapier began to develop around 1500 as the Spanish espada ropera, or "dress sword". The espada ropera was a cut-and-thrust civilian weapon for self-defense and the duel, while earlier weapons were equally at home on the battlefield. Its development began at a time period when the need for a lighter and faster sword became mandatory thanks to the introduction of firearm use in warfare .Throughout the 16th century, a variety of new, single-handed civilian weapons were being developed, including the Ger