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1879 OLIVER PATTERN BAYONET FROG. The rare all brown leather bayonet frog for the 1879 prospective Oliver equipment.
1ST DRAGOONS PLUME AND SHAPING BAR ACCESSORY. An extremely rare item of pre WWI British military headdress being the plume for the 1st Dragoons 1871 pattern helmet, attached to its original shaping storage bar. The plume of all the Dragoon and Dragoon Guards had an elegant gently undulating pattern throughout its length when worn on the helmet, this was achieved by attaching the plume to a shaped wooden bar for storage. The bar was a complicated affair with multiple teeth, this was bound to the plume using thick twine and held in place throughout its storage. The plume itself is in good condition overall, the original long stork is present with its special attaching nut still in place. The old twine is still firmly in place, one can see areas where the twine being pulled very tight to the wooden bar has caused polishing and slight indentation to the soft wood. The item clearly has remained undisturbed since the helmet was last demounted. There is a name 'Smith' very neatly written to the side. The overall condition is excellent. This would make an intriguing item for the advanced headdress collector's display.
63 An absolutely stunning set being an outstanding time caption of original ephemera appertaining to Battery Quartermaster Sergeant William Pentney. This soldier was formerly a member of the 1st Volunteer Battalion the Northamptonshire Regiment. This amazing archive is held within a very decorative tin travelling bureau type set with beautifully sign written name to the top and holding a huge amount of original literature and very fine quality large format photographs. Amongst the contents is the original pencil written diary from 1900 while this soldier served in South Africa with the Volunteer Company of the 2nd Battalion Northamptonshire Regiment. There are a number of excellent entries in the pocket diary as well as some beautiful photographs including scenes of India, including many wonderful buildings and images of Colonial splendour.. There are numerous small photographs as well as his original highly polished cap badge, a beautiful set of small field binoculars still held in their Calcutta made leather carrying case, ink wells, stamps, Carte de Visit and other small objects. A really interesting and fascinating group to study and research, all appertaining to one soldier serving in many Colonial locations at the turn of the century. This soldier’s medal entitlement was Queen’s South Africa with 4 clasps, Volunteer Long Service and good conduct medal. Condition:
AMERICAN MILITARY BELTS AND RELATED EQUIPMENT BY DORSEY. A good example of this hard to find paperback book, profusely illustrated with many accoutrements and belts as well as cartridge boxes of the American Army. The copy is good with a little ripping to the base of the spine. There is a little foxing and yellowing to some pages, however a good working document.
AUSTRIAN SWORD SOCKET BAYONET. A super Austrian produced Napoleonic period socket bayonet, the overall condition being absolutely superb. These bayonets generally were used for the Jager carbines and various models were produced. What makes this bayonet particularly collectible is the original sheet steel scabbard with its fine leather covering, which is 98% intact with some scuffs and a little flaking to the top. The top and bottom chapes are of sheet steel having a wooden main body and an elegantly flattened base to the tip with wide belt hook. The scabbard with a little remedial wax polish would come up like a mirror and has a wonderful deep patination throughout. The bayonet is good and clean and free of any deep pitting and is cleaned back to an ordnance standard, which has lightly subdued and is not overly bright. There are traces of grease and storage wax to the blade. There are various small stampings as well as those upon the back strap. The item is full length with a good tip and an unsharpened edge.
AUSTRO/ HUNGARIAN 1873 WAR MEDAL IN CASE OF ISSUE. A very good condition bronze gilt example of the Austro/Hungarian 1873 War Medal, complete with its ribbon, in original Austrian style wrap. To the upper inner lid is affixed a paper label of the Military Uniforms and Order Retailers in Vienna. The leather case is good although the lid is slightly distorted. The case is titled to the exterior, originally in gilt toned to a dark grey bordering on black.
BRITISH 6TH (INNISKILLING) DRAGOONS OFFICERS SABRETACHE. A most superb post Waterloo and pre Crimea sabretache for an officer in the 6th Inniskilling Dragoons, one of the most desirable Cavalry Regiments to attain accoutrements and headdress from, the slightly larger pre Crimea sized sabretache with its gold bullion lace work, beautiful gold and silver embroidery centre laid on a base of light cream cloth with the Castle of Inniskilling being the central feature. Again beautifully embroidered in coloured cotton to the centre of the Castle is the Union Flag in red, white and blue. All of the Acorns are beautifully executed with the metal Waterloo scroll placed between the Castle and the very base of the embroidered area. Very slight moth nips to one red edge of the sabretache and the red edges on the bottom left and right hand corners worn through. The leather base work is supple, it is complete with its rear pouch and its three suspension loops and also its green baize lined red Morocco foul weather cover. The 6th Inniskilling Dragoons can trace their ancestry back to 1689 and they served as a light troop of Cavalry until 1794, they were then reformed as Heavy Dragoons, they were part of the Union Brigade which won much fame at Quatre Bras and Waterloo. The Regiment accompanied the Army to Paris and returned to England in 1816. It was again in action in 1854 as part of the famous Heavy Brigade Charge at Balaklava and in operations before Sevastopol. Subsequently went to India and served until 1857 when it returned back to the Britain and embarked for South Africa and then was involved in the Transvaal War in 1881 and afterwards served in Natal and Zululand until 1890. Condition:
BRITISH 8TH (KINGS ROYAL IRISH) HUSSARS SABRETACHE. A extremely rare and beautiful quality sabretache for an officer in the 8th Royal Irish Hussars. In our opinion the sabretache dates from approximately 1840. It is normally considered that pre Crimea sabretaches are of a large size, the size of this sabretache is slightly smaller than the post Crimea sized sabretaches. The 8th Royal Irish Hussars were formed as a Hussar Regiment in 1825, it was not until 1855 that the Regiment was allowed to add the Battle Honours of Hindoostan and Leswarree, these battles actually took place prior to them being formed as The Royal Irish Hussars. The Regiment then won four further Battle Honours in the Crimea and two in Central India and Afghanistan, all post Crimea, therefore this sabretache without any Battle Honours added can be dated at approximately 1840. The gilt lace work to the very edge of the sabretache is in beautiful condition with the shamrock woven into the gilt lace, the remainder of the hand embroidery to the central panel is absolutely superb, of very high quality and extremely deep with the Irish harp at the base surmounted by the Roman numerals 'VIII' with the scroll work to either side of the harp, which reads The Kings Own Irish Hussars. The sabretache is complete with its rear message pouch, the three suspension rings and is complete with its red Morocco leather foul weather cover.
BRITISH BELGIC (OR WATERLOO) SHAKO. CIRCA 1812 . This superb and extremely rare shako worn by both officers and men at the Battle of Waterloo. This example is in extremely good condition for its age. The actual form and shape of the helmet is absolutely perfect as per its regulations. There are some splits to the crown. The original leather peak is all intact albeit slightly loose from the main body. The interior with a just over 1 inch wide leather headband with the leather welt that runs around the exterior of the helmet all intact with slight erosion to the leather in places. When constructed the complete interior of the helmets firstly had a backing of paper and then were covered in a very light Calico, this example has all of the paper remaining to the rear of the helmet, which matches virtually identically with the amount of the Calico remaining. The front of the shako originally running around the whole circumference from the base to the crown was a thin line of Petersham ribbon. On the left hand edge of the front running up to the lower crown the Petersham silk is still visible with some fraying and some loss. To the opposite side all of the Petersham silk has rotted away and all is missing to the very top of the front piece. When one considers this delicately constructed helmet is over 200 years old its condition is superb. There has been some slight strengthening of the upper front piece on the reverse side. To the right hand side of the helmet as the helmet is viewed it has its original beautifully constructed black silk rosette with a Light Infantry horn applied to the centre. There is a hole behind the rosette to the crown area for the application of the plume. The front silver and red decorative cord is all intact with some fraying and most importantly its totally original gilt brass front plate with the central 'GR' indicating the reign of King George III with the King George III style crown above. The Belgic shako replaced the Stove pipe shako of 1812 and was worn in the war of 1812 with the then fledgling United States but was not adopted universally within the British Army until 1815 the year of the Battle of Waterloo. Condition:
BRITISH GERMAN LEGION SABRETACHE. An extremely rare piece of uniform accoutrement being the sabretache for an officer in the British German Legion. An excellent condition all leather sabretache being of the same sizes as the post 1856 British sabretache. To the exterior edge two wavy lines of bullion wire in the same manner as standard German officers sabretaches. To the centre a very finely struck gilt Victorian Crown with cipher below and below the cipher an intricate scroll work which reads 'Light Cavalry British German Legion'. The rear message pouch is intact as are the three suspension rings for the carrying straps. Mercenary soldiers have been active throughout history and the Crimean War was no example. Based on the fact that the Kings German Legion assisted the British in the Napoleonic Wars when the Crimean War broke out a force of Italian, Swiss and German soldiers were raised to assist in the war against Russia. The Commanding Officer was Major General Richard Charles Von Stutterheim and in 1856 members of the Legion were billeted in the Colchester Garrison in England. The force was disbanded near the end of 1856 after the war had ended and facing difficulties in repatriation by having served a foreign country the majority of the members of the Legion were resettled in the Eastern Cape colony in South Africa, as a result to this day there are place names of German origin in and around King Williamstown including the town of Stutterheim. There were 441 German officers in the Legion, therefore this sabretache is one of possibly only approximately 400 ever produced. For further very interesting reading on this unusual unit the U.K. National Archives web site is an excellent source.
BRITISH PRE WWI ENGINEER OFFICERS BINOCULAR/DESPATCH CASE SET. A super item of Victorian field equipment being in the basic configuration of a standard engineers despatch box shoulder case, however incorporating a small case which would have held opera style field glasses. The shoulder strap is red Moroccan leather with fine bullion work throughout and excellent etched gilt metal buckles with the incised 'RE' to the tip of the shoulder belt. The pouch is slightly oval with a large Victorian Queen's crown type Coat of Arms with the engineers motto Ubique, this is in fine quality black Moroccan leather and lined with a deep maroon velvet. The overall condition is supple and excellent, a little dirty from storage and with some darkening to the original silver gilt wire work. The closure strap to the base of the binocular case has come adrift, however this does not affect the display-ability whatsoever. This is a superb item of early field equipment and an interesting variation. Condition:
BRITISH ROYAL DRAGOONS ENLISTED MANS HELMET. A very good example of the 1871 pattern troopers helmet for the 1st Royal Dragoons. The all nickel skull is in excellent condition with just minor pin head indentations and one slight crease to the skull to the right hand side of the front plate as the helmet is viewed. All of the brass fittings, which include the spike/plume holder, cruciform spike base, front peak trim, front and rear floriated bands, side rosettes, chin scales and front plate starburst all match in colour and condition. The silvered circlet to the front plate with the Royal scroll is in white metal with the number '1' in brass. The leather backing to the chin chain is the original from the period and has not dried out and flaked away. The interior liner has all of its tongues present and its original leather drawstring, most of the tongues had their original brass eyelets either intact to the leather or running loose along the original drawstring. The green leather is still attached to the interior of the front peak and there are two fixing nuts missing from the total of four that secure the cruciform spike base to the helmet. Correct black horsehair plume complete and in excellent condition. This is a very large size helmet.
BRITISH ROYAL IRISH RIFLES VICTORIAN FROCK COAT. An absolutely magnificent item of British military uniform being the four pocket frock coat, these were a working tunic in regimental colours and were in many ways a field worn garment. Following the format of a typical tunic having four pleated pockets and having to the front Norfolk jacket type pleats. The lower cuffs are in a green Melton and there is a piped line to the lower collar in the same material. Buttons throughout are Queens Crown Irish Rifles type with harp and full scroll. The original blackened small pips are now missing to the epaulettes, however these would be easy to find and one button is now minus. The original faux colour is sewn inside the tunic. The overall condition is exceptionally good with only one or two tiny nips and a little wear to the black silk lining. The tunic incorporates a belt with a single large prong in the Omdurman fashion.
BRITISH THE WEST RIDING REGIMENT OFFICERS HOME SERVICE HELMET. A very fine condition 1881 pattern British officers home service helmet worn and owned by Alfred Bairstow Clarkson of The West Riding Regiment. Large size helmet, the superb Melton covered cork bodied helmet is without any moth damage or any moth tracking to any part of the cloth. The leather trim that runs around the back nape of the helmet is dry and supple with no cracking. All of the fittings, which include the back strap, the fluted pointed spike, the cruciform spike base with rose decoration, large West Riding officers front plate with King's crown 1902 to 10, front peak trim, side rosettes and full length chin chain with its original velvet backing all match in colour. The silvered scroll to the front plate reading 'The West Riding Regiment'. On inverting the helmet the green Morocco leather used for lining the front and back peaks is superb and bright. The beautifully grained mid tan leather sweat band shows very little wear use and has the name applied 'A.B.Clarkson'. The red inner silk lining also present and not shot. The interior upper inner crown area still retains the majority of its white cream canvas finish. To the very top of the inner skull a red leather circlet with gold blocked to the red leather the maker's name of 'Hebbert & Company Limited, London'. The helmet is contained in its original transit case with the name 'A.B.Clarkson 6th Battalion West Riding Regiment engraved to the name plaque. Accompanying paperwork with the helmet and tin show Anthony Bairstow Clarkson born March 1885 in Keithley Yorkshire. Enlisted 1907, joined West Riding Regiment as a Lieutenant 1st July 1910, served throughout WWI safely and retired in 1922. He won the MC 1916, DSO 1919 and was Mentioned in Despatches twice in 1916 and in 1919. Records show that he was a Major in June 1016 subsequently Lieutenant Colonel November 1918. Accompanying the records is an original invoice when the helmet was sold in 1990. A very impressive helmet to a very well known Yorkshire Regiment, worthy of further research as to the winning of his MC and DSO.
BRITISH VICTORIAN POSTCARD SET. A postcard set produced for the trial and execution of the murdered Captain Seymour Clarke Bull of the 6th Inniskilling Dragoons on the 28th June 1906. The set of 15 cards were produced from the photographs taken at the time by Frank Wade. The cards show the men sentenced to death being hanged and the other men being lashed. The cards remain in excellent overall condition, 16 items in total. The Denshawai incident on the 13th June 1906, five officers of the occupying British Army are of Egypt, with their interpreter and a police official visited Denshawai to go pigeon shooting, they accidentally shot pigeons belonging to villagers who kept them as domestic animals, angering the owners. The pigeons were also a source of food for the poor villagers, which further enraged the villagers because the British officers were shooting them for fun, however the major catalyst was the accidental shooting of the wife of the prayer leader at the local mosque. Enraged, the Egyptians mobbed the British officers and camp, the British officers, alarmed, open fire on the mob wounding five and set fire to the grain of Abd-El-Nebi, whose wife had been seriously injured, struck one of the officers with a stick, he was joined by the elderly Hassan Mahfouz whose pigeons had been killed, other villagers threw stones at them. The officers, two Irishmen and three Englishmen surrendered their weapons along with their watches and money, but this failed to appease the angry villagers. Two officers escaped, one who managed to contact the British Army but the other died of heat stroke some distance from the village. An Egyptian peasant who tried to help the sick man was killed by British soldiers who came across them and wrongly assumed that the peasant had murdered the soldier. Meanwhile in the village the elders had intervened, dispersing the mob and aiding the remaining soldiers and allowing them to return to their base. Although only a small incident this had a lasting affect on the country and it is believed to have turned the tide in the involvement of British Imperial Forces in Egypt.
CAUCASIAN MINIATURE KINJAL. A very attractive piece of probably ladies jewellery in the form of a miniature kinjal. The kinjal can be drawn from its scabbard and has some impressed silver markings. Beautiful niello work surmounted by a crescent and star and long suspension chain.
CRIMEAN WAR ZOUAVE OIL PAINTING. An impressive oil on canvas depicting a North African Colonial French Zouave bugler advancing over enemy positions in the Crimea. The portrait shows clearly the traditional dress of the Zouave with the dramatic madder red pantaloons and sharma. He wears to his chest the Legion D'Honour medal, also he has the characteristic Zouave beard and red fez with blue tassel. To his feet is a dead Russian infantryman and in the background one can see a mounted General Officer and various other French troops from various units. The item is in excellent condition with nice age patination and a good deep frame. There appears to be an old layer of nicotine over the entire surface of the painting and the frame. The item is originally mounted and appears completely untampered with. An impressive item of Crimean War memorabilia.
ENGLISH 1854 PATTERN COLDSTREAM OFFICERS SWORD. A most wonderful condition sword, identified as belonging to an officer M. Hardy having a 32 inch straight blade, which, with the exception of one black spot, virtually mint. The blade has etched panels on both sides to a length of 15 inches. The panels include the Coldstream Guards badge, surmounted by the George V crown, floriated patterns, 22 Battle Honours and the King George V logo. To the flat section of the blade on one side is the Wilkinson Sword Company, to the opposite side the retailer's name of 'Batson & Son'. The sword is numbered '4364'. All fitted into its semi standard 1854 pattern hilt, which has been separately constructed to enable a beautiful Coldstream Guards officers cap badge, with its red enamel centre to be overlaid directly onto the shape of the hilt behind. Riveted with four delicate small domed rivets. Nickel plating to the hilt, generally bright with some spotting, fish skin grip perfect with all grip wire intact. The sword is encased in its superb bright nickel plated parade scabbard with double hangings, which is totally undented and just has some minor black spotting. With the name 'Hardy' it is possible to do further research on this officer. An opportunity to own a most magnificent sword to one of the five Guard Regiments of His Majesty the King.
ENGLISH 1855 PATTERN OFFICERS SHAKO OF THE 82ND REGIMENT. A rare and extremely good condition pattern 1855 officers shako of the 82nd Regiment of Foot. Unusually 82nd did not develop any County or regional connections during its 88 years of existence until, under the Army Reforms of 1881, it became the 2nd Battalion The South Lancashire Regiment (Prince of Wales Volunteers). Due to the lightweight construction of this type of headdress they normally have suffered greatly over the years through neglect, this is in superb condition. All of the beaver skin to the body is superb, no damage to the patent leather crown or front and back peaks apart from normal congealing to the peaks, which in itself is extremely light. The interior still has its complete mid tan Morocco leather sweat band and the greater majority of its internal scarlet silk. It is complete with its patent leather fully adjustable chin strap and finished with a beautiful condition 82nd Regiment officers Victorian crown shako plate. Unfortunately the red and white pompom and gilt plume holder is missing, nevertheless an extremely rare piece of headdress.
ENGLISH 1ST SURREY RIFLES VICTORIAN OFFICERS REGIMENTAL HELMET CIRCA 1860. A magnificent condition and extremely rare helmet, which is totally unique to this regiment. First designed, produced and worn in the early 1860's which was 20 years before the introduction of the classic English Home Service helmet. This all pressed felt helmet resembles the subsequent 1st pattern home service helmet incredibly closely and we wonder whether the design of the Home Service helmet was taken in part from this early 1860's piece. The skull is of one-piece black fur felt with very pronounced front and rear peaks with the spike being in fluted form with a cruciform cross base secured to the helmet skull by four rosettes. The front plate in beautiful deep mercury gilt with frosted highlights has a Victorian crown, oak leaf surround, First Surrey Rifles circlet with a bugle horn to the centre, completed with a '1' in white metal. The helmet is fitted with lion's faced rosette chin chain attachments to each lower side, across the upper part of the peak is a roped ring style gilded trim and the helmet is complete with its original interlinked chin chain with leather backing, the stitching is slightly loose and is also complete with its extra links for the hanging on of the chain when the chin chain is not in use. There are two decorative small rosettes either side of the skull, one at the reverse side, which contains the hook to retain the chin chain. The whole of the body is leather edged both to the sides, front and back peaks. The interior lining is of high officers quality being in maroon silk, which is multi stitched and thankfully the silk has not shot. The interior of the front and back peaks are lined in a green Morocco leather. The interior skull in raw felt. Adhered to the interior skull is a beautiful condition 'W.Smith & Sons, Makers, 3 Leicester Place, Leicester Square, W.C.' Behind the front plate an area of the felt has been cut out, presumably to allow for air flow through the helmet and at the rear of the helmet below the rosette that has the attachment hook for the chain there is a small octagonal hole specifically punched in this shape, we can only assume this is for air flow at the rear of the helmet. We have been fortunate to be able to find two pages of the Illustrated London News dated 1861 showing four officers of the 1st Surrey Rifles, three of them wearing this identical helmet with their scarlet parade plumes, with the accompanying text clearly describing this felt helmet. The attachment screw to the interior of one of the cruciform rosettes is missing, otherwise the helmet is in magnificent visual and technical condition. We have specialised in English headdress for over 30 years and this must rank amongst one of the rarest helmets that we have had, also its connection to the subsequent Home Service helmet is historically important in the lineage of this type of helmet.
ENGLISH 3RD DRAGOON GUARDS ENLISTED RANKS HELMET. A very good 1871 pattern troopers helmet of the 3rd Dragoon Guards. This is a very large size helmet, which makes it even more impressive. It has an excellent skull with just two minor indentations to the right hand side of the body as the helmet is worn. All of the fittings, which include the plume base, the cruciform plume holder and all the attached foliage work and the chin chain all match in colour and condition. The helmet is complete with its 8 pointed nickel star front plate. The central brass circlet has the Royal cipher. To the centre of the circlet is a regimental number ‘3’ in nickel. The helmet is complete with its correct black and red other ranks quality horse hair plume, its side rosettes and its chin chain with its original leather backing intact. To the interior the helmet has its original liner, which is all complete and in good condition. All of the brass eyelets attached to the tongues of the liner, none have broken or rotted, the drawstring is absent. To the interior of the front peak the green leather is still intact and all the correct nuts and washers are present. To the rear nape of the helmet it is clearly stamped ‘3 DG’ with various other numbers. 3rd (Prince of Wales) Dragoon Guards can trace their lineage back to 1685 and up until the Boer War had won 9 Battle Honours. The vast majority of these British Dragoon Guard helmets on the market have been restored, upgraded and have mismatched parts, this is a totally untouched original helmet.
ENGLISH EDWARDIAN BOWIE KNIFE. A very nice condition Bowie knife, one side of the blade is very bright with slight corrosion showing, manufactured by J. Howill & Son of Sheffield, England, the other side of the blade is toned with slight lifting of plating. Standard oval cross guard with totally undamaged straight stag grip. All encased in its stored condition Bowie style scabbard with faintly stamped 'Made in England' to the upper part, its male/female closure stud is complete but frail.
ENGLISH FLINTLOCK PISTOL. An interesting pistol made by Liverpool manufacturer Patrick, Patrick were an interesting Company and had a woman owner, a rare occurrence in gunsmithing at that time. The lock plate is excellent with a thumb safety. Deeply incised decoration and Patrick name. The item has been somewhat cleaned and suffered a little from pin prick corrosion however is very good for display with a nicely engraved silver escutcheon plate. Fine gnarling to the grip and a good deep patination to the wood with original rammer present. The barrel appears to be an excellent sleepy example with fine rifling to the barrel. Original flint present in its leather wrap. An exceptionally nice looking medium sized Flintlock pistol.
ENGLISH NORFOLK YEOMANRY TROOPERS HELMET. A A rare 1830 to 1837 model of a troopers helmet of the Norfolk Yeomanry. As with many other helmets of this period it is constructed in the Roman comb style of all metal construction. The helmet is quite lightweight in comparison to some of the other Roman style helmets of the period and appears to have been constructed in tin instead of the more commonly encountered brass and gilded brass of the regular Dragoon regiments. Finished in black overall, there is a certain degree of re-finish and minor rippling to the skull. The Roman comb, which normally is the part that gets damaged or weathers through fatigue is in superb condition with all of its scalloped brass riveted trim in place. All of the gilded fittings contrast beautifully against the black body of the helmet, which include the large Maltese Cross front plate with inter-twined scroll of William IV, who reigned from June 1830 until June 1837. The front chin scales, again in superb condition with their side rosettes showing a lion standing on a crown. The gilded trim to the helmet running its complete circumference, again superb and is complete with its long horse hair plume. To the interior the front and back peaks are still lined with their original Morocco leather with some losses. The original liner band is all intact with the original silk liner shredded and missing. As stated previously the helmet has had minor restoration and repairs, which is conversant with a helmet of this great age. A beautiful visual item.
ENGLISH ROYAL SUSSEX REGIMENT IDENTIFIED OFFICERS COMPLETE UNIFORM. A most superb 1881 pattern tunic, trousers, blue cloth helmet, sash, waist belt and sword slings belonging to Major N. G. Messel. The 1881 scarlet tunic in a good large size constructed in a most superb red Melton cloth, the nap to the material overall is magnificent. Three small moth track lines to the lower front skirt. There is no other moth damage, staining or discolouring of the tunic or trousers on any part. The high stand collar is edged with gilt lace and is complete with its beautiful Royal Sussex Regiment enamelled officers quality collar badges. The shoulder boards are the standard inter-twined gold wire with the velvet and silver wire Major's crowns with a silver wire woven letter 'T' and the base of each board indicating that he had transferred into the Territorial Battalion of the Royal Sussex. All of the buttons are a most beautiful gilded type with the insignia of the Royal Sussex Regiment. Three loops for medal ribbon bar to the upper left breast. All of the heavy padded silk lace to each lower sleeve is in superb condition. The tailor's label with Major Messels name is attached to the interior of the tunic. The silk lining in the high quality Victorian style multi stitched pattern to the interior and the silk unusually has not shot, which is quite a common occurrence with this beautiful lining that it would just rot, known as shot, after many years. The long dark blue overalls with their ¼ inch wide red stripe to the side again in near mint condition with minor service wear. Attached at a mid way point to the left hand sleeve is the most beautiful crepe black mourning armband, this would possibly be for the funeral of Queen Victoria. Accompanying the tunic and overalls is the most beautiful relatively large size Royal Sussex Regiment blue cloth Home Service helmet. We have had many of these helmets over the past 30 years, very few come into the condition area as this piece. The nap of the cloth is absolutely superb. All the gilt matches to the back strap, spike, cruciform spike base, chain rosettes and central helmet plate. The helmet plate is with the 02 to 10 pattern crown, the plate has a very pronounced dished shape to it making the helmet plate very proud of the helmet itself. The central Coat of Arms being the beautifully red and blue enamelled insignia of the Royal Sussex Regiment with the Regimental scroll below. All of the original leather and velvet backing to the chin chain is intact. To the interior the white Morocco leather sweat band shows very minor wear use with much original colour visible. The 1½ inch wide inner silk lining is still present but has shot badly. The canvas panels to the interior of the helmet skull are, with the exception of a few storage spots, in superb bright condition with a gold blocked paper label adhered to the canvas of the makers 'Herbert Johnson, 38 New Bond Street, London W'. The helmet plate is held in place to the interior skull with three leather brads cut from the same white/cream grained leather as the inner sweat band. Accompanying the uniform is the full dress gold and crimson tasselled sash, the General Service full dress red Morocco leather and gold braided waist belt with beautifully gilt belt buckle with central lion over Victorian crown, plus a very fine set of red Morocco leather and heavy bullion wire full dress sword slings with the webbing under belt. Also accompanying is the red crimson sash, which was worn on non levee or State occasions. We have been able to conduct limited research on Major Messel, he was originally educated at Eton School, the London Gazette entry November 14th 1902 states 'H.G.Messel Lieutenant, 2nd Volunteer Battalion The Royal Sussex Regiment.' It is also believed that he published a work on South Africa.
ENGLISH SIEGE WEIGHT LOBSTER TAIL HELMET. An excellent semi siege weight helmet of good heavy proportions with a riveted two-piece shot resistant skull. The skull is extremely heavy however not of the massive proportions of those for static warfare. The thickness and weight of this skull very much reflects the advance in firearms at the time. The rear neck of the helmet is of a single form lobster tail without articulations, again reminiscent of a helmet worn for non mounted duties. To the front is an excellent decorative triple bar fixed visor with moustache type central gently undulating bars and al heat welded reverse finial to the base. The helmet is in excellent condition with a good deep brown patination overall with gentle highlighting and a pleasing wax deep shine overall. There are one or two stress cracks to the rear peak. To the interior the munitions black paint is untouched and there are numerous hammer blow planishing marks with typical large round headed rivets and those rivets are backed with small remnants of leather from where the liner was once affixed. The whole interior of the helmet is completely untouched, dusty with a fine russet rust overall.
ENGLISH TRIPLE BAR LOBSTER TAIL HELMET. An absolutely marvellous relic of the English Civil War being a triple bar lobster tail helmet. Unfortunately the helmet has lost both ear pieces and neck piece, interestingly many of these elements may have actually been removed at the time of wear as they were impractical and something of an annoyance. The overall condition of the helmet is utterly untouched with much of the original munitions black finish to the exterior. The triple bar visor is excellent with a heat welded finial to the base of the triple bars. The central medial ridge is excellent, folded and beaten. The interior shows hammer marks and typical riveting throughout. To the interior and exterior are light russet rust spots however these are perfectly stable. A really good example of an early field helmet.
ENGLISH VICTORIAN BOWIE KNIFE BY UNDERWOOD OF LONDON. A superb condition Bowie knife, overall length 31cm with an 18cm classic Bowie style blade. Underwood of London are one of the more prolific knife makers of the London trade, commencing business in 1791, until 1925. Many examples of Underwood knives are shown in the excellent work The London Knife Book by Ron Flook. The knife shown on plate 182 is virtually identical to our example with the exception of the example on plate 182 has a stag grip, ours has a crossed hatch hardwood grip, which is in beautiful condition. Brass pommel, nickel plated cross guard, a good form to the blade, it has been sharpened at one stage in its life, complete with its totally original leather scabbard, again identical to the one shown in the London Knife Book with its sprung loaded clip that locks in place through a hole in the nickel cross guard.
ENGLISH VICTORIAN BOWIE/EXPLORER KNIFE. A very good Bowie/explorer knife, manufactured by Paget of Piccadilly London. 26cm in length with a blade of 15cm. Stag grip held to the steel tang with five rivets. Oval steel cross guard. The blade in its original form, some black spotting. All fitted into its excellent condition leather scabbard with its belt loop intact, the loop that secures the knife intact within the scabbard has broken but the leather covered buckle and securing prong are still in place. The Company of Richard Paget first recorded as a cutler, in 1823 at 163 Piccadilly. The last recorded entry of the Company of Richard Paget was in 1888. At least two examples of his excellent work are shown in full colour in The London Knife Book, An A to Z Guide to London Cutlers 1820 to 1945.
ENGLISH VICTORIAN LONDON MADE EXPLORER KNIFE. A superb example produced by the well known Company of Thornhill of London who have a history going back to 1734. This superb knife measuring 32cm in length with a 19cm blade, the blade in original form has been polished with a clear ‘VR’ over ‘Thornhill, London’. Attached to the steel tang is the most beautiful black chequered horn grip, straight steel cross guard, fitted into its original leather scabbard that has its original very narrow belt loop fitted. The grip is secured to the steel hilt by three rivets and has wonderful cross hatched detail. A varied variety of knives manufactured by Thornhill of London are illustrated in full colour in The London Knife Book, An A to Z Guide to London Cutlers 1820 to 1945. The Company of Thornhill, London closed its business in 1912.
ENGLISH VICTORIAN OR EDWARDIAN 11TH HUSSARS OFFICERS FUR BUSBY. A very fine example of the busby for an officer in the famous 11th Hussars, the helmet being of extremely large size, which is unusual for the size of men in the late Victorian era. The fur body, which can normally suffer from moth and weevil damage is absolutely superb. The crimson side bag complete with its correct three rows of gold lace having at the base its gold wire woven button. To the front the oval large gold wire woven boss. There is no moth damage at all to the crimson bag. The helmet is with its correct crimson and white plume, its correct officer Hussar pattern gilt plume base and gilt ring. To the interior the mid tan liner is, again, excellent, complete with its original drawstring. The majority of the inner silk lining has shot. There are traces of what appear to be museum accession numbers delicately painted into the mid brown lining. The chin chain unfortunately is missing. The Regiment originally founded in 1715 as a Regiment of Dragoons until 1751, it became the 11th Regiment of Dragoons. In 1840 the Regiment was named after Prince Albert, Queen Victoria’s Consort and they were then known as Prince Albert’s Own. The Regiment was further re-named to the 11th (Prince Albert’s Own) Hussars in 1840. The 11th Hussars are most famous for their involvement in the Charge of the Light Brigade in the Crimean War in 1854, they also received Battle Honours for the Peninsular War at Salamanca, Peninsular and Waterloo. SC79
ENGLISH VICTORIAN OR GEORGIAN CAP LINES. A rare set of gold woven cap lines for fitting to one of the early shakos of the Georgian of Victorian period.
ENGLISH VICTORIAN THE BORDER REGIMENT OFFICERS WAIST BELT CLASP. Excellent condition waist belt clasp for an officer in the Border Regiment. Central starburst which is very similar to a Guards Regiment. Red enamel undamaged. Good gilt.
EUROPEAN HELMET BOOK (EUROPAISCHE HELME). A magnificent book, first published in 1971 in the then East Germany relating to the history of armoured and military helmets starting from the middle ages to date. It was extremely unusual for a book like this to be published in the then communist East Germany in the 1970’s. It was an extremely rare book at the time and when it found its way onto the European collectors market was highly sought-after. The book contains 402 pages with virtually every page having a photograph of some form of military helmet from all of the states of Europe. The countries included in the book are too many to mention. There is obviously a predominance towards German helmets but every other country is covered in steel helmets, armoured helmets, soft helmet and leather helmets, the text of course is all in German. The book was put together using all of the helmets that belonged to the old German History Museum in the then DDR. We have had a copy of this book in our library for many years. On a recent trip to Dresden we found this lone copy sitting on the bookshelves of the Rustkammer in Dresden. It is complete with its original fly leaf, which has a few scuffed edges and still with its original card box. We were informed this was the very last copy available to the museum. Published by the Militarverlag Der Deutschen Demokratischen Republik. Interestingly on the last page the name of Egon Krenz is printed in the list of contributors to the book, Egon Krenz was the last leader of the DDR and was sentenced to 6½ years in prison for manslaughter for his crimes during the course of the DDR regime. A must for any military library.
FREDERICK THE GREAT COMMEMORATIVE TOBACCO BOX. A very interesting 18th century German brass and copper oblong tobacco box, measuring 6¼ x 1 ¾ the hinge lid is embossed with a three quarter length crowned portrait of the famous German leader Frederick The Great, in a panel surmounted by an eagle and a Latin motto ‘Pro Gloria Et Patria’ and below the image ‘Fredericus Magnus Borussorum Rex’, the base embossed with crown ‘FR’ cipher above the Prussian eagle and with the mottos ‘HEROS SECULI DEFENSOR GERMANIA PROTECTOR PATRIA ET RELIGIONIS’ followed by the maker’s name. These rare tobacco tins were produced in the 18th century as a commemoration of Frederick the Great. Hinge perfect.
FRENCH DETAILLE TRIAL HELMET. At the turn of the century the French, like many other European nations, experimented greatly with improving the soldiers uniform. The lessons learnt in the Boer War showed that troops in drab coloured uniforms fighting using rapid tactics were far superior to the troops of Europe who were still working along Napoleonic lines. The French, who have an extremely rich military heritage and a vast amount of tradition, which influences their uniforms profusely, felt that the compromise was too much. A famous French painter by the name of Edouard Detaille was given the task of producing a revolutionary new French universal uniform. One of the helmets he produced was clearly based on a mediaeval helmet known as a Bouguignotte. This helmet in fact clearly influenced the French decision in WWI to adopt the Adrian helmet. The item appears to be able to be worn either forward or backwards and was an elegant yet sturdy item. The helmet itself was on trial to a small amount of troops of the infantry and various models exist, however this is the infantry example. Excellent details about these items can be found in the fabulous book The French Army in the First World War, To Battle 1914, volume 1, by Laurent Mirouze and Stephane Dekerle. Much time is devoted to chapters about the reform of French uniforms and is absolutely fascinating reading. Many period helmets, photograph beautifully in the book as well as period black and white photographs of the helmet in use. Because of the obvious trials nature of these helmets very few were produced and very few survive to this day. This particular item is in very good condition, of the few that we have ever viewed they are generally in very poor condition with crushing, denting and damage to the crown, this helmet remains in very good original form with a good deep patina finish to the surface. All brass fittings are correct and of the same colour. The original pressed leather cockades are present. The lining is complete with its original draw cord. All rivets and bolts are clearly in place. There is a good clear Commission De Recepton, this is clearly dated '27.6.1912'. This is one of the rarest helmets that an advanced French helmet collector could hope to find and the only one we have ever seen within the U.K. market.
FRENCH SIDE ARM. A typical Glaive-like short sword having its scarce original leather scabbard. Numerous markings to the item and in a pleasant patinated brass colour throughout. The blade is good and clean again with numerous French acceptance and manufacturers stamps.
GALWAY MILITIA OFFICERS COATEE. An exceedingly rare Irish Militia coatee dating from the period 1820 to approximately 1850. Any of early British uniform items of this style are extremely difficult to find, this example has an excellent scarlet cloth with mustard coloured facings to the cuffs and collar. The collar is with silver bullion lace, each breast is tailored for 10 silvered regimental buttons arranged in pairs, these depicting a crown over 'GM'. The buttons are closed back with makers details of 'P & S Firmin, 150 Strand.' To the reverse side are two false pockets ornamented with lace and four buttons and the tails again with mustard facings. On the base of each tail there is the beautifully embroidered in gold and silver wire and green thread plus sequins the Order of St. Patrick. The interior with silk padded lining, the overall condition is good, some minor staining to the lower left hand cuff and some light mothing. The silk has shot in minor places to the interior. Unusually all of the 42 regimental buttons are complete. The four tailored holes for affixing the shoulder boards when present are clear and visible. Before the development of a standing army Britain and her overseas territories depended for defence in times of war upon locally raised citizen forces, in Ireland the first militia were raised in 1715. The Galway Militia was raised prior to 1752. The Galway Militia were associated with the regular line regiment of the Connaught Rangers.
GOLD INLAID HILTED TULWAR A super example of a tulwar with a beautifully patinated gold inlaid hilt. The blade is of high quality and extremely sharp throughout showing a good quality iron blade, this has an excellent deep cartouche with script within. The blade is in good order with some light pitting and some areas of russet rust, however excellent throughout.
IMPERIAL GERMAN 1866 BAVARIAN CAMPAIGN CROSS. The small bronze Bavarian Cross for the war of 1866 complete with its blue and white ribbon.
IMPERIAL GERMAN BAVARIAN 1866 MILITARY SERVICE CROSS. Excellent quality bronze struck Bavarian medal with blue, white and black ribbon being the Military Service Cross 1866 for Bavaria.
IMPERIAL GERMAN PRUSSIAN 1847 ENLISTED MANS BUCKLE. The large 1847 Prussian enlisted mans buckle in heavy brass with nickel overlay plate, with its belt securing prongs missing.
IMPERIAL GERMAN UNIFORM BOOKLETS. Seven individual booklets published between 1897 and 1898by Verlag Von Mar Babenzien.Each individual booklet has pull out beautiful colour drawings of German and overseas uniforms. This very well known German artist, Knodel, was born in 1857 and dedicated his life to military artwork. His works have been reproduced in print form all over the world. His son, Herbert Knotel was also a leading artist in the period of the Third Reich. Folder 1 has Bavarian troops, 1814, Russian troops, English Dragoons, more Bavarian, Swiss. Folder 2 has Prussian troops, Hessen-Kassel, followed by Hessen-Darmstadt, French Dragoons, Swedish troops. Folder 3 has two Bavarian Uhlan 1813-1822, Bavarian Uhlans 1865, Sardinian troops 1758, Westfalien 1812, Bavarian Cuirassier 1865. Folder 4 has Prussian Reiter Regiment 1713, Swiss Infantry 1792, French Hussars 1808, Mecklenberg Schwerin 1813, Hanovarian Occupation troops in France 1815 to 1900. Folder 5 has French Carabiniers 1812, Hanover Dragoons 1854, Hanover Hussars 1864, Russian Artillery 1757 and Polish Cavalry 1808. Folder 6 has Hessen-Darmstadt Guard du Corps 1809, Hessen Darmstadt Artillery 1809, Swiss Dragoons 1862, Swedish Leib Grenadier Corps 1807 and Russian Grenadiers 1732. Folder 7 has Prussian Guard Hussar Regiment 1820, Hanover Guard Infantry Regiment 1840, Swedish Artillery Regiment 1807, Sardinian Infantry 1744, Swiss Artillery 1862. All of the drawings are measured 10 inches x 6 inches and are a superb reference to early uniforms.
INDIAN TRAVELLING FOLDING SCREEN. A most elegant and high quality item of Indian furniture being a four screen folding panel, this has intricate fret work to each panel and extremely well executed painted figures to cartouches within the panels as well as foliate decoration to the edges. The decorations appear to be that of a nobleman and his wife in typical Indian dress wearing crown-like turbans and bejewelled throughout. There is some chipping and areas of light scratching to the deep enamel paintwork, however the overall condition is very good. All paint is very bright and the detailing is absolutely superb throughout. There is a little warping to one of the wooden panels, however the whole lot stands well and makes an absolutely stunning presentation item that would greatly compliment any Indian display.
INDO PERSIAN KOFTGARI JAMBIYA KNIFE. An excellent double edged blade in a good fine Damast surface having silver wire work to all of its iron hilt and scabbard in foliate decoration with sunbursts to the pommel and intricate other silver wire design overall. The patination to the outer is excellent with a deep russet, which contrasts greatly with the bright silver work. There is some minor corrosion to the reverse side of the hilt. The blade is in reasonable condition with some areas of pitting, however the fine Damast is clear. There is silver work to the ricasso in the same manner. An excellent item of super proportions and quality.
JAVANESE KRIS. An extremely attractive Javanese kris having a 13½ inch absolutely beautiful watered steel blade with gold pierced edging. The blade has 13 luks, all kris blades have odd number luks. The blade is beautifully forged with a Damascene type effect. The complete edge and length of the blade is finished in a washed gold with dragon serpents heads close to the hilt. The edges of the blade also pierced with circular holes the full length with 36 pierced holes. A rudimentary wood carved hilt but with imitation stones at the base of the hilt, all fitted into its wood scabbard with carved decoration on one side in a traditional style. The origins of the Javanese or Malaysian kris are fascinating and the symbolism attached to them also has great fascination. In-depth reading on the subject can be found on the Wikipedia page of Goggle.
PRE WWI BACK PACK. We have been unable to identify this very unusual enlisted mans back pack, it is certainly pre WWI and possibly 19th century. It is totally without markings to help identify it, however it is all complete and generally in good condition. If any of our web viewers have information on this item we would be pleased to hear from them. Condition:
PRE WWI BRITISH NORTH SOMERSET YEOMANRY OFFICERS UNIFORM A wonderful set of uniform that was worn by a Lieutenant of the North Somerset Yeomanry. The lot includes his working dress type tunic. Cut in yet another of the fabulous and intriguing cuts found within British Victorian uniforms having a high collar, being made of serge type wool and having most interesting pocket arrangements throughout. The uniform is in good condition for its age with some moth nips and a little degradation to the lining. The white doe skin wool high collar is good, however there is moth tracking and a little moth to one corner. The Yeomanry type chained epaulettes are complete with their regimental pattern gilt and pewter coloured pips. All buttons match and have a wonderful broad Victorian crown. There are South African medal and Delhi Dubar ribbons to the upper chest. The trousers accompany the set and are in the same colorization with the specific double white stripe to the leg. These are a riding type breech and are in a heavy whipcord material with leather reinforcers to the inner calf. Completing the outfit is an absolutely magnificent large mantel-like greatcoat, this is of a super quality Melton navy blue wool with a wonderful scarlet lining. To each epaulette are high quality embroidered pips. All buttons are the same pewter coloured Queen's crown Yeomanry type. There is some moth damage to the rear of the collar and some scattered moth damage, however the item remains very good for display use. Completing the mantel is a most marvellous wide woollen belt in the same matching material, again with a beautifully toned pewter coloured double pronged buckle. An absolutely super set clearly to the same man and in very presentable condition for an item of such age. The unit itself was raised in a magnificent Somerset town of Frome in 1798, it served as part of the 7th Battalion Imperial Yeomanry during the Boer War, they became the Dragoons in 1908 and resumed the Yeomanry roll during WWI. Judging by the Boer War medal and the transfer of names to Dragoons in 1908 it is fairly easy to date this item, possible research may in fact reveal who the wearer was. A super set for display and an absolute testament to the quality of Victorian tailoring.
RUSSIAN CRIMEAN WAR BRONZED FIGURE. An absolutely superb figure of approximately 1½ feet or 45cm tall of heavyweight depicting most beautifully a Russian infantry soldier in typical Crimean War combat marching order. The pose is delightful as he draws ammunition out to load his rifle. The quality of the work is excellent and there is a super bronzed green and deep brown coloration to the metal body of the item with a wonderful lacquered black wooden turned base. The whole figure is most likely of French quality and production and would make an absolutely stunning decorative item for any collector.
SCOTTISH BLACK WATCH OFFICERS SPORRAN. A good officers sporran possibly either late Victorian or Edwardian. Excellent quality cantle with the insignia of the Black Watch cast into the cantle. Gilt dull. Complete with all its white horse hair and beautifully constructed gold wire tassels. The reverse side in red Morocco leather, complete with its twin belt loops and its message pouch. SC46
SCOTTISH FLAG BOOK. A beautiful book published in 1885 entitled Old Scottish Regimental Colours by Andrew Ross. The book is individually numbered '100', it measures '11½ inches by 17½ inches and has 141 pages. It has a huge amount of written information including a background to the old Scottish regimental colours, followed by the lists of the Military Forces of Scotland and the individual regiments, followed by arms and equipment. On page 75 through to 140 each page is a colour plate of the flags, guidons, standards, trumpet banners and drum drapes of the Scottish regiments, with all the history of the accompanying regiments. This is a most wonderful printed book and with a huge research possibilities. Throughout the book there are pencil annotations, which could be removed by rubber if so desired. Just minor age foxing, all of the colour plates with good bright colour, no tears or damage to any of the plates. The spine of the book is superb.
SWEDISH LEIB GUARD DRESS HELMET. A beautiful condition all leather helmet modelled on the Prussian 1842 pickelhaube. This very impressive helmet measuring 35 cm from top to bottom, the leather body is good and strong, however some of the shellac finish has removed itself over the period of time from areas of the skull. The front and back peaks are strong and firm with crazing of a similar nature that occurs to German pickelhaubes, these were probably made in Germany. The beautifully gilded large front plate showing the Swedish crown with deep blue enamelled centre with two lighter blue enamelled crosses below, slight chipping to one of the crosses. The helmet plate consists of two lions, the central panel in deep blue enamel with three Swedish crowns with the collar of the Order of the Seraphin at the base of the plate, all this is in the most beautiful deep mercury gilt. Complete with its beautifully constructed silk single cockade to one side of the helmet. Chin straps complete. The buckle that secures the chin straps together is missing and minor restoration is needed in this area. To the interior the helmet retains much original light tan colour. All the original nuts to the front plate, all the original washers behind the split pins. The interior liner is virtually complete, one of the tongues has been eaten by a rodent. All of the other tongues are complete and supple. A superb decorative helmet.
THE JAPANESE ARMY BY MORITZ RUHL. At the turn of the 19th 20th Century the very well known publishing company in Leipzig German, Verlag Von Moritz Ruhl published beautifully printed and coloured pull-out books featuring the uniforms and detail of armies from all across the world. This excellent hard covered book features on the Japanese Army and has 12 pull-out coloured plates showing the colour formations and depicting the exact uniforms of the Japanese Army. This is followed by the formation of the Japanese Army itself. This is excellent research material.
USA 1796 PATTERN CAVALRY OFFICERS SWORD. A superb example of a possibly British made 1796 pattern sword for a U.S. cavalry officer. Early weapons for use in America are scarce and generally in poor condition, this example having its curved blade with its near complete blue and gilt panel with the clear coat of arms of the USA to the centre. The last 8 inches of the blade has the top section clipped back. There is one minor chip to the blade just below the end of the blued and gilt panel. The term ‘Warranted’ is clear in the gilt panel close to the all steel D guard hilt, which is with its original fish skin binding and its original wire in totally undamaged condition. The all steel scabbard with its double ring hanging again very good with one indentation close to the bottom drag.
VICTORIAN ANGLO-INDIAN BOWIE KNIFE. An important and most unusual collectors Bowie knife. It is logical that European styled Bowie knives would have been produced in India by local craftsmen. Many items of this Anglo-Indian manufacture can be found within furnishings and other craftsmen items. The proportions of the knife as well as form remain strictly European however, the silver wire kofi work to the hilt as well as punch decoration and tooling to the leather work betray Indian manufacture. Knives such as these would have been used for hunting and military purposes and would have been carried on active service in places such as the North West Frontier.
ZULU FIGHTING KNOBKERRIE. A classic example of the knobkerrie carried by men of a relatively short heavy form. The top of the head is lightly scooped out, this carved insert was so grease could be inlaid into the head, this grease was applied to the face and eyebrows of the Zulu fighting soldier to help ward off sun and wind burn. There is a gentle crack running through the head through typical shrinkage and a gentle crack to the haft, if anything this adds to the wonderful form of the item. The head has been semi chip carved and although fairly smooth there is a definite indented heavy carved look to the head. The patination is good and very deep and whole item is of a very pleasing honey colour. This item is from the late David Smith collection, which was a highly important and comprehensive collection of Zulu items from the 19th Century.
ZULU KNOBKERRIE. This item is from the late David Smith collection, which was a highly important and comprehensive collection of Zulu items from the 19th Century. This particular item is a fairly sophisticated carved wooden knobkerrie of a good hardwood with a very nice honey tone to the very dense grain of the wood. The last half foot of the staff is in a hexagonal form with an excellent rounded top showing a sophisticated design reminiscent of a weapon carried by a soldier or relative rank. The Zulu forces were extremely well organised and were organised along the lines of regiments of western armies having ranks and regiments. The deep patination overall is absolutely superb and with a light wax this would come up like a mirror. A super item.
ZULU RELICS. These items came from the late David Smith collection, which was a highly important and comprehensive collection of Zulu items from the 19th Century. A super selection of items hand picked over years of study and visits to South Africa. This lot consists of cultural items that include a wonderful densely woven grass beer pot, these were so densely woven when wet they would hold liquids. Together with the pot is a beer whisk this again is of long grass and bound with wonderful early ceramic bead work and conch shells. There are two elongated woven covers, we are uncertain of the exact origin but these maybe for straining or for carrying foodstuffs. There is also a symbolic dancing spear, this would have been carried as a badge of rank by various Zulu figures, the item is of carved hardwood with a dark and light contrasting edge to the carved ridge, the pommel and upper part of the handle are a wonderful dark colour. A most interesting set of relics with a wonderful decorative element to them all that would greatly enhance any display or would make wonderful decorative objects in their own right.